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{adj: thirteenth, 13th} coming next after the twelfth in position

{adj: unlucky, luckless} having or bringing misfortune
"Friday the 13th is an unlucky date"
<-> lucky

{adv: inauspiciously, unpropitiously} in an inauspicious manner
"he started his new job inauspiciously on Friday the 13th"
<-> auspiciously, propitiously

{adv: superstitiously} in a superstitious manner
"superstitiously he refused to travel on Friday the 13th"

{n: Albigenses, Cathars, Cathari} a Christian religious sect in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; believers in Albigensianism

{n: Albigensianism, Catharism} a Christian movement considered to be a medieval descendant of Manichaeism in southern France in the 12th and 13th centuries; characterized by dualism (asserted the coexistence of two mutually opposed principles, one good and one evil); was exterminated for heresy during the Inquisition

{n: Beguine} (Roman Catholic Church) a member of a lay sisterhood (one of several founded in the Netherlands in the 12th and 13th centuries); though not taking religious vows the sisters followed an austere life

{n: Bruges, City of Bridges} a city in northwestern Belgium that is connected by canal to the North Sea; in the 13th century it was a leading member of the Hanseatic League; the old city (known as the City of Bridges) is a popular tourist attraction

{n: Caliphate} the era of Islam's ascendancy from the death of Mohammed until the 13th century; some Moslems still maintain that the Moslem world must always have a calif as head of the community
"their goal was to reestablish the Caliphate"

{n: Crusade} any of the more or less continuous military expeditions in the 11th to 13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims

{n: Dominican order} a Roman Catholic order of mendicant preachers founded in the 13th century

{n: Dortmund} an industrial city in northwestern Germany; flourished from the 13th to 17th century as a member of the Hanseatic League

{n: Edda} either of two distinct works in Old Icelandic dating from the late 13th century and consisting of 34 mythological and heroic ballads composed between 800 and 1200; the primary source for Scandinavian mythology

{n: Ferrara} a city in northern Italy
"in the 13th century Ferrara was a center of Renaissance learning and the arts"

{n: Fillmore, Millard Fillmore, President Fillmore} elected vice president and became the 13th President of the United States when Zachary Taylor died in office (1800-1874)

{n: Franciscan order} a Roman Catholic order founded by Saint Francis of Assisi in the 13th century

{n: Golden Horde} a Mongolian army that swept over eastern Europe in the 13th century

{n: Halle, Halle-an-der-Saale} a city in the Saxony region of Germany on the Saale River; a member of the Hanseatic League during the 13th and 14th centuries

{n: Kazakhstan, Republic of Kazakhstan, Kazakstan, Kazakh, Kazak} a landlocked republic south of Russia and northeast of the Caspian Sea; the original Turkic-speaking inhabitants were overrun by Mongols in the 13th century; an Asian soviet from 1936 to 1991

{n: Linear B} a syllabic script used in Greece in the 13th century B.C.

{n: M, letter m} the 13th letter of the Roman alphabet

{n: Moorish, Moorish architecture} a style of architecture common in Spain from the 13th to 16th centuries; characterized by the horseshoe (Moorish) arch

{n: Muscovy} a Russian principality in the 13th to 16th centuries; Moscow was the capital

{n: Osman I, Othman I} the conqueror of Turkey who founded the Ottoman Empire and the Ottoman dynasty that ruled Turkey after the 13th century; conquered most of Asia Minor and assumed the title of emir in 1299 (1259-1326)

{n: Ottoman Empire, Turkish Empire} a Turkish sultanate of southwestern Asia and northeastern Africa and southeastern Europe; created by the Ottoman Turks in the 13th century and lasted until the end of World War I; although initially small it expanded until it superseded the Byzantine Empire

{n: Ottoman, Ottoman dynasty} the Turkish dynasty that ruled the Ottoman Empire from the 13th century to its dissolution after World War I

{n: Polo, Marco Polo} Venetian traveler who explored Asia in the 13th century and served Kublai Khan (1254-1324)

{n: Seljuk} any one of the Turkish dynasties that ruled Asia Minor from the 11th to the 13th centuries; they successfully invaded Byzantium and defended the Holy Land against Crusaders

{n: Silk Road} an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles); followed by Marco Polo in the 13th century to reach Cathay

{n: Tartary, Tatary} the vast geographical region of Europe and Asia that was controlled by the Mongols in the 13th and 14th centuries
"under Genghis Khan Tartary extended as far east as the Pacific Ocean"

{n: Tatar, Tartar, Mongol Tatar} a member of the Mongolian people of central Asia who invaded Russia in the 13th century

{n: Thomism} the comprehensive theological doctrine created by Saint Thomas Aquinas in the 13th century and still taught by the Dominicans

{n: bar mitzvah} (Judaism) an initiation ceremony marking the 13th birthday of a Jewish boy and signifying the beginning of religious responsibility
"a bar mitzvah is an important social event"

{n: burgrave} the military governor of a German town in the 12th and 13th centuries

{n: civil right} right or rights belonging to a person by reason of citizenship including especially the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th and 14th amendments and subsequent acts of Congress including the right to legal and social and economic equality

{n: dogtooth} a carved pyramidal ornament; used in 13th century England

{n: freedom from involuntary servitude} a civil right guaranteed by the 13th amendment to the US constitution

{n: ides} in the Roman calendar: the 15th of March or May or July or October or the 13th of any other month

{n: mem} the 13th letter of the Hebrew alphabet

{n: motet} an unaccompanied choral composition with sacred lyrics; intended to be sung as part of a church service; originated in the 13th century

{n: nu} the 13th letter of the Greek alphabet

{n: second trimester} time period extending from the 13th to the 27th week of gestation

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