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{adj: sixteenth, 16th} coming next after the fifteenth in position

{n: Abecedarian} a 16th century sect of Anabaptists centered in Germany who had an absolute disdain for human knowledge

{n: Barbary} a region of northern Africa on the Mediterranean coast between Egypt and Gibraltar; was used as a base for pirates from the 16th to 19th centuries

{n: Byrd, William Byrd} English organist and composer of church music; master of 16th century polyphony; was granted a monopoly in music printing with Thomas Tallis (1543-1623)

{n: Cremona} a city in Lombardy on the Po River; noted for the manufacture of fine violins from the 16th to the 18th centuries

{n: El Dorado, eldorado} an imaginary place of great wealth and opportunity; sought in South America by 16th-century explorers

{n: Elizabethan age} a period in British history during the reign of Elizabeth I in the 16th century; an age marked by literary achievement and domestic prosperity

{n: Firenze, Florence} a city in central Italy on the Arno; provincial capital of Tuscany; center of the Italian Renaissance from 14th to 16th centuries

{n: Gothic, Gothic architecture} a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches

{n: Hiawatha} a native American chieftain who argued for peace with the European settlers (16th century)

{n: High Renaissance} the artistic style of early 16th century painting in Florence and Rome; characterized by technical mastery and heroic composition and humanistic content

{n: Huguenot} a French Calvinist of the 16th or 17th centuries

{n: Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln, President Lincoln, President Abraham Lincoln} 16th President of the United States; saved the Union during the American Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)

{n: Mennonite Church} formed from the Anabaptist movement in the 16th century; noted for its simplicity of life

{n: Moorish, Moorish architecture} a style of architecture common in Spain from the 13th to 16th centuries; characterized by the horseshoe (Moorish) arch

{n: Muscovy} a Russian principality in the 13th to 16th centuries; Moscow was the capital

{n: Northwest Passage} a water route between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean along the northern coast of North America; Europeans since the 16th century had searched for a short route to the Far East before it was successfully traversed by Roald Amundsen (1903-1906)

{n: Old Frisian} the Frisian language until the 16th century; the Germanic language of ancient Frisia

{n: Old Italian} the Italian language up to the middle of the 16th century

{n: P, letter p} the 16th letter of the Roman alphabet

{n: Peru, Republic of Peru} a republic in western South America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; was the heart of the Inca empire from the 12th to 16th centuries

{n: Portugal, Portuguese Republic} a republic in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; Portuguese explorers and colonists in the 15th and 16th centuries created a vast overseas empire (including Brazil)

{n: Puritan} a member of a group of English Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries thought that the Protestant Reformation under Elizabeth was incomplete and advocated the simplification and regulation of forms of worship

{n: Reformation, Protestant Reformation} a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches

{n: Sikhism} the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam

{n: States General} assembly of the estates of an entire country especially the sovereign body of the Dutch republic from 16th to 18th centuries

{n: Waldenses, Vaudois} a Christian sect of dissenters that originated in southern France in the late 12th century adopted Calvinist doctrines in the 16th century

{n: ayin} the 16th letter of the Hebrew alphabet

{n: caroche} a luxurious carriage suitable for nobility in the 16th and 17th century

{n: casque} (15-16th century) any armor for the head; usually ornate without a visor

{n: cittern, cithern, cither, citole, gittern} a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings

{n: codpiece} (15th-16th century) a flap for the crotch of men's tight-fitting breeches

{n: commedia dell'arte} Italian comedy of the 16th to 18th centuries improvised from standardized situations and stock characters

{n: confession} a document that spells out the belief system of a given church (especially the Reformation churches of the 16th century)

{n: conquistador} an adventurer (especially one who led the Spanish conquest of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century)

{n: culverin} a heavy cannon with a long barrel used in the 16th and 17th centuries

{n: divine right, divine right of kings} the doctrine that kings derive their right to rule directly from God and are not accountable to their subjects; rebellion is the worst of political crimes
"the doctrine of the divine right of kings was enunciated by the Stuarts in Britain in the 16th century"

{n: enigma canon, enigmatic canon, enigmatical canon, riddle canon} a canon in which the entrances of successive parts were indicated by cryptic symbols and devices (popular in the 15th and 16th centuries)

{n: farthingale} a hoop worn beneath a skirt to extend it horizontally; worn by European women in the 16th and 17th centuries

{n: fetal movement, foetal movement} motion of a fetus within the uterus (usually detected by the 16th week of pregnancy)

{n: fraise} a ruff for the neck worn in the 16th century

{n: hose} man's close-fitting garment of the 16th and 17th centuries covering the legs and reaching up to the waist; worn with a doublet

{n: morality play} an allegorical play popular in the 15th and 16th centuries; characters personified virtues and vices

{n: morion, cabasset} a metal helmet worn by common soldiers in the 16th century

{n: partisan, partizan} a pike with a long tapering double-edged blade with lateral projections; 16th and 17th centuries

{n: pavane, pavan} a stately court dance of the 16th and 17th centuries

{n: pi} the 16th letter of the Greek alphabet

{n: silverpoint} a drawing made with on specially prepared paper with an instrument having a silver tip (15th and 16th centuries)

{n: slave trade, slave traffic} traffic in slaves; especially in Black Africans transported to America in the 16th to 19th centuries

{n: stomacher} garment consisting of a V-shaped panel of stiff material worn over the chest and stomach in the 16th century

{n: sweating sickness, miliary fever} epidemic in the 15th and 16th centuries and characterized by profuse sweating and high mortality

{n: trainband} a company of militia in England or America from the 16th century to the 18th century

{n: treasure ship} a 16th-century ship loaded with treasure

{n: trunk hose} puffed breeches of the 16th and 17th centuries usually worn over hose

{n: turnpike} (from 16th to 19th centuries) gates set across a road to prevent passage until a toll had been paid

{n: virginal, pair of virginals} a legless rectangular harpsichord; played (usually by women) in the 16th and 17th centuries

{v: Islamize, Islamise} convert to Islam
"The Mughals Islamized much of Northern India in the 16th century"

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