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{adj: peruked, periwigged} wearing a wig popular for men in the 17th and 18th centuries

{adj: seventeenth, 17th} coming next after the sixteenth in position

{n: Akhbari} a religious movement by Arab Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iraq that is opposed to the Usuli
"Akhbari Shiism has never promoted political control"

{n: Alhazen, Alhacen, al-Haytham, Ibn al-Haytham, Al-Hasan ibn al-Haytham} an Egyptian polymath (born in Iraq) whose research in geometry and optics was influential into the 17th century; established experiments as the norm of proof in physics (died in 1040)

{n: Amish sect} an orthodox Anabaptist sect separated from the Mennonites in late 17th century; settled chiefly in southeastern Pennsylvania

{n: Arminianism} 17th century theology (named after its founder Jacobus Arminius) that opposes the absolute predestinarianism of John Calvin and holds that human free will is compatible with God's sovereignty

{n: Bastille} a fortress built in Paris in the 14th century and used as a prison in the 17th and 18th centuries; it was destroyed July 14, 1789 at the start of the French Revolution

{n: British empiricism} the predominant philosophical tradition in Great Britain since the 17th century

{n: Dortmund} an industrial city in northwestern Germany; flourished from the 13th to 17th century as a member of the Hanseatic League

{n: Hudson, Hudson River} a New York river; flows southward into New York Bay; explored by Henry Hudson early in the 17th century

{n: Huguenot} a French Calvinist of the 16th or 17th centuries

{n: Humpty Dumpty} an egg-shaped character in a nursery rhyme who fell off a wall and could not be put back together again (late 17th century)

{n: Jakarta, Djakarta, capital of Indonesia} capital and largest city of Indonesia; located on the island of Java; founded by the Dutch in 17th century

{n: Johnson, Andrew Johnson, President Johnson, President Andrew Johnson} 17th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808-1875)

{n: Linear A} an undeciphered writing system used in Crete in the 17th century B.C.

{n: Manchu} a member of the Manchu speaking people of Mongolian race of Manchuria; related to the Tungus; conquered China in the 17th century

{n: Pepys, Samuel Pepys} English diarist whose diary contained detailed descriptions of 17th century disasters in England (1633-1703)

{n: Pietism} 17th and 18th-century German movement in the Lutheran Church stressing personal piety and devotion

{n: Plantation} a newly established colony (especially in the colonization of North America)
"the practice of sending convicted criminals to serve on the Plantations was common in the 17th century"

{n: Puritan} a member of a group of English Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries thought that the Protestant Reformation under Elizabeth was incomplete and advocated the simplification and regulation of forms of worship

{n: Q, letter q} the 17th letter of the Roman alphabet

{n: Renaissance, Renascence} the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world; a cultural rebirth from the 14th through the middle of the 17th centuries

{n: Rosicrucian} a member of a secret 17th-century society of philosophers and scholars versed in mystical and metaphysical and alchemical lore

{n: Rosicrucian} a member of any of various organizations that subsequently derived from the 17th-century society

{n: Russia} a former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia created in the 14th century with Moscow as the capital; powerful in the 17th and 18th centuries under Peter the Great and Catherine the Great when Saint Petersburg was the capital; overthrown by revolution in 1917

{n: Spanish Inquisition} an inquisition initiated in 1478 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella that guarded the orthodoxy of Catholicism in Spain (especially from the 15th to the 17th centuries)
"the Spanish Inquisition was administered by both civil and church authorities which gave it ultimate power"
"Torquemada was the inquisitor general for the Spanish Inquisition"

{n: Usuli} a religious movement by Persian Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iran that is opposed to the Akhbari
"Usuli Shiism produced the politically active caste of priests that is a distinctive feature of Iranian Shiism"

{n: Versailles, Palace of Versailles} a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles

{n: Versailles} a city in north central France near Paris; site of the Palace of Versailles that was built by Louis XIV in the 17th century

{n: baroque, baroqueness} elaborate and extensive ornamentation in decorative art and architecture that flourished in Europe in the 17th century

{n: bellarmine, longbeard, long-beard, greybeard} a stoneware drinking jug with a long neck; decorated with a caricature of Cardinal Bellarmine (17th century)

{n: caroche} a luxurious carriage suitable for nobility in the 16th and 17th century

{n: classicism, classicalism} a movement in literature and art during the 17th and 18th centuries in Europe that favored rationality and restraint and strict forms
"classicism often derived its models from the ancient Greeks and Romans"
<-> Romanticism

{n: culverin} a heavy cannon with a long barrel used in the 16th and 17th centuries

{n: farthingale} a hoop worn beneath a skirt to extend it horizontally; worn by European women in the 16th and 17th centuries

{n: hose} man's close-fitting garment of the 16th and 17th centuries covering the legs and reaching up to the waist; worn with a doublet

{n: mantua} loose gown of the 17th and 18th centuries

{n: minuet} a stately court dance in the 17th century

{n: motley} a multicolored woolen fabric woven of mixed threads in 14th to 17th century England

{n: oeil de boeuf} a circular or oval window; 17th or 18th century French architecture

{n: orthoepist} a practitioner of orthoepy (especially one of the 17th or 18th century scholars who proposed to reform English spelling so it would reflect pronunciation more closely)

{n: pall-mall} a 17th century game; a wooden ball was driven along an alley with a mallet

{n: partisan, partizan} a pike with a long tapering double-edged blade with lateral projections; 16th and 17th centuries

{n: pavane, pavan} a stately court dance of the 16th and 17th centuries

{n: periwig, peruke} a wig for men that was fashionable in the 17th and 18th centuries

{n: pe} the 17th letter of the Hebrew alphabet

{n: picket, piquet} a form of military punishment used by the British in the late 17th century in which a soldier was forced to stand on one foot on a pointed stake

{n: proprietary colony} a colony given to a proprietor to govern (in 17th century)

{n: rabato, rebato} a wired or starched collar of intricate lace; worn in 17th century

{n: rho} the 17th letter of the Greek alphabet

{n: saraband} a stately court dance of the 17th and 18th centuries; in slow time

{n: thinker, creative thinker, mind} an important intellectual
"the great minds of the 17th century"

{n: trunk hose} puffed breeches of the 16th and 17th centuries usually worn over hose

{n: virginal, pair of virginals} a legless rectangular harpsichord; played (usually by women) in the 16th and 17th centuries

{v: colonize, colonise} settle as a colony ; of countries in the developing world
"Europeans colonized Africa in the 17th century"
<-> decolonise, decolonize

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