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{adj: Skinnerian} of or relating to B. F. Skinner or his behaviorist psychology



{adj: commutative} (of a binary operation) independent of order; as in e.g. "a x b = b x a"

{adj: cosmopolitan} composed of people from or at home in many parts of the world; especially not provincial in attitudes or interests
"his cosmopolitan benevolence impartially extended to all races and to all creeds"- T.B. Macaulay
"the ancient and cosmopolitan societies of Syria and Egypt"
"that queer, cosmopolitan, rather sinister crowd found around the Marseilles docks"
<-> provincial

{adj: cowardly, fearful} lacking courage; ignobly timid and faint-hearted
"cowardly dogs, ye will not aid me then"- P.B.Shelley
<-> brave

{adj: definitive, unequivocal} clearly defined or formulated
"the plain and unequivocal language of the laws"- R.B.Taney

{adj: discombobulated, disconcerted} having self-possession upset; thrown into confusion
"the hecklers pelted the discombobulated speaker with anything that came to hand"
"looked at each other dumbly, quite disconcerted"- G.B.Shaw

{adj: disconnected, disunited, fragmented, split} having been divided; having the unity destroyed
"Congress...gave the impression of...a confusing sum of disconnected local forces"-Samuel Lubell
"a league of disunited nations"- E.B.White
"a fragmented coalition"
"a split group"

{adj: distrustful} having or showing distrust
"a man of distrustful nature"
"my experience...in other fields of law has made me distrustful of rules of thumb generally"- B.N.Cardozo
"vigilant and distrustful superintendence"- Thomas Jefferson
<-> trustful

{adj: early} of an early stage in the development of a language or literature
"the Early Hebrew alphabetical script is that used mainly from the 11th to the 6th centuries B.C."
"Early Modern English is represented in documents printed from 1476 to 1700"
<-> middle, late

{adj: effective, efficient} able to accomplish a purpose; functioning effectively
"people who will do nothing unless they get something out of it for themselves are often highly effective persons..."-G.B.Shaw
"effective personnel"
"an efficient secretary"
"the efficient cause of the revolution"

{adj: flat} lowered in pitch by one chromatic semitone
"B flat"
<-> natural, sharp

{adj: healthy, salubrious, good for you} promoting health; healthful
"a healthy diet"
"clean healthy air"
"plenty of healthy sleep"
"healthy and normal outlets for youthful energy"
"the salubrious mountain air and water"- C.B.Davis
"carrots are good for you"

{adj: humble} marked by meekness or modesty; not arrogant or prideful
"a humble apology"
"essentially humble...and self-effacing, he achieved the highest formal honors and distinctions"- B.K.Malinowski
<-> proud

{adj: ill, inauspicious, ominous} presaging ill fortune
"ill omens"
"ill predictions"
"my words with inauspicious thunderings shook heaven"- P.B.Shelley
"a dead and ominous silence prevailed"
"a by-election at a time highly unpropitious for the Government"

{adj: insignificant, unmeaning} signifying nothing
"insignificant sounds"
"his response...is picayune and unmeaning"- R.B. Pearsall

{adj: lowercase} relating to small (not capitalized) letters that were kept in the lower half of a compositor's type case
"lowercase letters; a and b and c etc"
<-> uppercase

{adj: maimed, mutilated} badly injured, perhaps with amputation
"the maimed right hand twisted and clutched"- P.B.Kyne
"mutilated victims of the rocket attack"

{adj: minor} of a scale or mode
"the minor keys"
"in B flat minor"
<-> major

{adj: minus} on the negative side or lower end of a scale
"minus 5 degrees"
"a grade of B minus"
<-> plus

{adj: natural} (of a key) containing no sharps or flats; (of a note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone
"a natural scale"
"B natural"
<-> sharp, flat

{adj: nonextant} no longer existing or inaccessible through loss or destruction
"its nonextant original was written on vellum"- G.B.Saul

{adj: peculiar} characteristic of one only; distinctive or special
"the peculiar character of the Government of the U.S."- R.B.Taney

{adj: pleonastic, redundant, tautologic, tautological} repetition of same sense in different words
"`a true fact' and `a free gift' are pleonastic expressions"
"the phrase `a beginner who has just started' is tautological"
"at the risk of being redundant I return to my original proposition"- J.B.Conant

{adj: propertyless, wage-earning, working-class, blue-collar} of those who work for wages especially manual or industrial laborers
"party of the propertyless proletariat"- G.B.Shaw

{adj: reciprocal} of or relating to the multiplicative inverse of a quantity or function
"the reciprocal ratio of a:b is b:a"

{adj: red} red with or characterized by blood
"waving our red weapons o'er our heads"- Shakespeare
"The Red Badge of Courage"
"the red rules of tooth and claw"- P.B.Sears

{adj: rehabilitative} designed to accomplish rehabilitation
"from a penal to a rehabilitative philosophy"- J.B.Costello
"rehabilitative treatment"
<-> punitive

{adj: subservient} compliant and obedient to authority
"editors and journalists who express opinions in print that are opposed to the interests of the rich are dismissed and replaced by subservient ones"-G. B. Shaw

{adj: tragicomic, tragicomical} manifesting both tragic and comic aspects
"the tragicomic disparity...between's man's aspirations and his accomplishments"- B.R.Redman

{adj: true} consistent with fact or reality; not false
"the story is true"
"it is undesirable to believe a proposition when there is no ground whatever for supposing it true"- B. Russell
"the true meaning of the statement"
<-> false

{adj: ulterior} beyond or outside an area of immediate interest; remote
"a suggestion ulterior to the present discussion"
"without...any purpose, immediate or ulterior"- G.B.Shaw

{adj: uncultivable, uncultivatable} not suitable for cultivation or tilling
"thickets of indigenous trees...on uncultivable land"- C.B.Palmer

{adj: unmarred, unmutilated} without a mar or blemish
"fragile tracery that must be preserved unmutilated and distinct"- B.N.Cardozo

{adj: unmindful, forgetful, mindless} not mindful or attentive
"while thus unmindful of his steps he stumbled"- G.B.Shaw
<-> mindful

{adj: unrelaxed} nor relaxed
"his life was drawing to a close in baffled zeal and unrelaxed strain"- U.B.Phillips

{adj: voiced, sonant, soft} produced with vibration of the vocal cords
"a frequently voiced opinion"
"voiced consonants such as `b' and `g' and `z'";
<-> unvoiced

{adv: BC, B.C., before Christ} before the Christian era; used following dates before the supposed year Christ was born
"in 200 BC"

{adv: BCE, B.C.E.} of the period before the Common Era; preferred by some writers who are not Christians
"in 200 BCE"

{adv: barely, hardly, just, scarcely, scarce} by a small margin
"they could barely hear the speaker"
"we hardly knew them"
"just missed being hit"
"had scarcely rung the bell when the door flew open"
"would have scarce arrived before she would have found some excuse to leave"- W.B.Yeats

{n: AB, type AB, group AB} the blood group whose red cells carry both the A and B antigens

{n: ABO blood group system, ABO system, ABO group} a classification system for the antigens of human blood; used in blood transfusion therapy; four groups are A and B and AB and O

{n: Anthony, Susan Anthony, Susan B. Anthony, Susan Brownell Anthony} United States suffragist (1820-1906)

{n: B battery} battery for supplying a constant positive voltage to the plate of a vacuum tube

{n: B cell, B lymphocyte} a lymphocyte derived from bone marrow that provides humoral immunity; it recognizes free antigen molecules in solution and matures into plasma cells that secrete immunoglobulin (antibodies) that inactivate the antigens

{n: B, letter b} the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet

{n: B, type B, group B} the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen

{n: B-52} United States military aircraft; B- stands for bomber

{n: B-complex vitamin, B complex, vitamin B complex, vitamin B, B vitamin, B} originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins

{n: B-flat clarinet, licorice stick} the ordinary clarinet with a middle range

{n: B-girl, bar girl} a woman employed by a bar to act as a companion to men customers

{n: B-horizon, B horizon} immediately below the A-horizon; contains deposits of organic matter leached from surface soils

{n: Bel, B} a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels

{n: Brady, Mathew B. Brady} United States pioneer photographer famous for his portraits; was the official Union photographer for the American Civil War (1823-1896)

{n: British thermal unit, BTU, B.Th.U.} a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit at one atmosphere pressure; equivalent to 251.997 calories

{n: C-horizon, C horizon} beneath the B-horizon and above the bedrock; consisting of weathered rock

{n: Cattell, Ray Cattell, R. B. Cattell, Raymond B. Cattell, Raymond Bernard Cattell} American psychologist (born in England) who developed a broad theory of human behavior based on multivariate research (1905-1998)

{n: Chlorophyta, division Chlorophyta} large division of chiefly freshwater eukaryotic algae that possess chlorophyll a and b, store food as starch, and cellulose cell walls; classes Chlorophyceae, Ulvophyceae, and Charophyceae; obviously ancestral to land plants

{n: Christmas factor, factor IX} coagulation factor whose absence is associated with hemophilia B

{n: DeMille, Cecil B. DeMille, Cecil Blount DeMille} United States film maker remembered for his extravagant and spectacular epic productions (1881-1959)

{n: Du Bois, W. E. B. Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois} United States civil rights leader and political activist who campaigned for equality for Black Americans (1868-1963)

{n: Goldwyn, Sam Goldwyn, Samuel Goldwyn} United States film maker (born in Poland) who founded his own film company and later merged with Louis B. Mayer (1882-1974)

{n: Haldane, J. B. S. Haldane, John Burdon Sanderson Haldane} Scottish geneticist (son of John Haldane) who contributed to the development of population genetics; a popularizer of science and a Marxist (1892-1964)

{n: Hayes, Rutherford B. Hayes, Rutherford Birchard Hayes, President Hayes} 19th President of the United States; his administration removed federal troops from the South and so ended the Reconstruction Period (1822-1893)

{n: Julian calendar, Old Style calendar} the solar calendar introduced in Rome in 46 b.c. by Julius Caesar and slightly modified by Augustus, establishing the 12-month year of 365 days with each 4th year having 366 days and the months having 31 or 30 days except for February

{n: King, B. B. King, Riley B King} United States guitar player and singer of the blues (born in 1925)

{n: Lag b'Omer} (Judaism) Jewish holy day; the 33rd day after the 2nd day of Passover; the 18th day of Iyar

{n: Linear A} an undeciphered writing system used in Crete in the 17th century B.C.

{n: Linear B} a syllabic script used in Greece in the 13th century B.C.

{n: Mayer, Louis B. Mayer, Louis Burt Mayer} United States filmmaker (born in Russia) who founded his own film company and later merged with Samuel Goldwyn (1885-1957)

{n: Morse, Samuel Morse, Samuel F. B. Morse, Samuel Finley Breese Morse} United States portrait painter who patented the telegraph and developed the Morse code (1791-1872)

{n: O, type O, group O} the blood group whose red cells carry neither the A nor B antigens
"people with type O blood are universal donors"

{n: Old Latin} the oldest recorded Latin (dating back at early as the 6th century B.C.)

{n: Parthenon} the main temple of the goddess Athena; built on the acropolis in Athens more than 400 years B.C.; example of Doric architecture

{n: Phoenician} a member of an ancient Semitic people who dominated trade in the first millennium B.C.

{n: Rhine, J. B. Rhine, Joseph Banks Rhine} United States parapsychologist (1895-1980)

{n: Secretary of Labor, Labor Secretary} the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Labor
"the first Labor Secretary was William B. Wilson who was appointed by President Wilson"

{n: Shavian} an admirer of G. B. Shaw or his works

{n: Shaw, G. B. Shaw, George Bernard Shaw} British playwright (born in Ireland); founder of the Fabian Society (1856-1950)

{n: Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire, 16 PF} a self-report personality inventory developed by Raymond B. Cattell to measure the 16 personality dimensions that emerged from his factor analysis of a wide range of traits

{n: Skinner, Fred Skinner, B. F. Skinner, Burrhus Frederic Skinner} United States psychologist and a leading proponent of behaviorism (1904-1990)

{n: Skinnerian} a follower of the theories or methods of B. F. Skinner

{n: Susan B Anthony dollar} a United States coin worth one dollar

{n: Tishah b'Av, Tishah b'Ab, Tisha b'Av, Tisha b'Ab, Ninth of Av, Ninth of Ab, Fast of Av, Fast of Ab} (Judaism) a major fast day on the Jewish calendar commemorating the destruction of the temples in Jerusalem

{n: Toklas, Alice B. Toklas} United States writer remembered as the secretary and companion of Gertrude Stein (1877-1967)

{n: White, E. B. White, Elwyn Brooks White} United States writer noted for his humorous essays (1899-1985)

{n: Yeats, William Butler Yeats, W. B. Yeats} Irish poet and dramatist (1865-1939)

{n: b-meson} exceedingly short-lived meson

{n: bacillus, B} aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil

{n: barn spider, Araneus cavaticus} an orange and tan spider with darkly banded legs that spins an orb web daily
"the barn spider was made famous in E. B. White's book `Charlotte's Web'"

{n: barn, b} (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter

{n: bass clarinet} a large clarinet whose range is an octave below the B-flat clarinet

{n: basset horn} a tenor clarinet; pitched in the key of F below the B-flat clarinet

{n: bilabial} a consonant that is articulated using both lips; /p/ or /b/ or /w/

{n: biotin, vitamin H} a B vitamin that aids in body growth

{n: body odor, body odour, B.O.} malodorousness resulting from a failure to bathe

{n: boron, B, atomic number 5} a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder

{n: chlorophyll b} a dark-green plant pigment having a brilliant green alcohol solution; generally characteristic of higher plants

{n: choline} a B-complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat

{n: classified stock} common stock classified as A or B where A has certain advantages (e.g., voting power) that B does not

{n: complex number, complex quantity, imaginary number, imaginary} (mathematics) a number of the form a+bi where a and b are real numbers and i is the square root of -1

{n: conjugate solution, conjugate} a mixture of two partially miscible liquids A and B produces two conjugate solutions: one of A in B and another of B in A

{n: genus Chlorella} nonmotile unicellular green algae potentially important as source of high-grade protein and B-complex vitamins

{n: helper T cell, helper cell, CD4 T cell, CD4 cell} T cell with CD4 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and secretes lymphokines that stimulate B cells and killer T cells; helper T cells are infected and killed by the AIDS virus

{n: hematopoeitic stem cell} blood forming stem cells in the bone marrow; T cells and B cells arise from these stem cells

{n: hemophilia B, haemophilia B, Christmas disease} a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX

{n: hepadnavirus} a group of animal DNA viruses including viruses of ducks and woodchucks and squirrels and others as well as the virus causing hepatitis B in humans

{n: hepatitis B, serum hepatitis} an acute (sometimes fatal) form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted by sexual contact or by transfusion or by ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids

{n: hepatitis C} a viral hepatitis clinically indistinguishable from hepatitis B but caused by a single-stranded RNA virus; usually transmitted by parenteral means (as injection of an illicit drug or blood transfusion or exposure to blood or blood products)

{n: humoral immune response} an immune response (chiefly against bacterial invasion) that is mediated by B cells

{n: inositol} an optically inactive alcohol that is a component of the vitamin B complex

{n: interleukin} any of several lymphokines that promote macrophages and killer T cells and B cells and other components of the immune system

{n: kilowatt hour, kW-hr, Board of Trade unit, B.T.U.} a unit of energy equal to the work done by a power of 1000 watts operating for one hour

{n: linear regression, rectilinear regression} the relation between variables when the regression equation is linear: e.g., y = ax + b

{n: niacin, nicotinic acid} a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract

{n: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, NAD} a coenzyme present in most living cells and derived from the B vitamin nicotinic acid; serves as a reductant in various metabolic processes

{n: nota bene, NB, N.B.} a Latin phrase (or its abbreviation) used to indicate that special attention should be paid to something
"the margins of his book were generously supplied with pencilled NBs"

{n: operculum} a hard flap serving as a cover for (a) the gill slits in fishes or (b) the opening of the shell in certain gastropods when the body is retracted

{n: pantothenic acid, pantothen} a vitamin of the vitamin B complex that performs an important role in the oxidation of fats and carbohydrates and certain amino acids; occurs in many foods

{n: plasma cell, plasmacyte} a cell that develops from a B lymphocyte in reaction to a specific antigen; found in bone marrow and sometimes in the blood

{n: regression coefficient} when the regression line is linear (y = ax + b) the regression coefficient is the constant (a) that represents the rate of change of one variable (y) as a function of changes in the other (x); it is the slope of the regression line

{n: rhythm and blues, R and B} a combination of blues and jazz that was developed in the United States by Black musicians; an important precursor of rock 'n' roll

{n: staphylococcal enterotoxin B, SEB} a form of staphylococcal enterotoxin that has been used as an incapacitating agent in biological warfare

{n: tuberculosis, TB, T.B.} infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)

{n: union, sum, join} a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets
"let C be the union of the sets A and B"

{n: vitamin B1, thiamine, thiamin, aneurin, antiberiberi factor} a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth

{n: vitamin B12, cobalamin, cyanocobalamin, antipernicious anemia factor} a B vitamin that is used to treat pernicious anemia

{n: vitamin B2, vitamin G, riboflavin, lactoflavin, ovoflavin, hepatoflavin} a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss

{n: vitamin B6, pyridoxine, pyridoxal, pyridoxamine, adermin} a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch

{n: vitamin Bc, vitamin M, folate, folic acid, folacin, pteroylglutamic acid, pteroylmonoglutamic acid} a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction

{v: suffice, do, answer, serve} be sufficient ; be adequate, either in quality or quantity
"A few words would answer"
"This car suits my purpose well"
"Will $100 do?"
"A 'B' grade doesn't suffice to get me into medical school"
"Nothing else will serve"


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