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{adj: Jacksonian} of or pertaining to Andrew Jackson or his presidency or his concepts of popular democracy

{adj: New Zealander} of or relating to or characteristic of New Zealand or its people
"New Zealander sheep farms"

{adj: Scots, Scottish, Scotch} of or relating to or characteristic of Scotland or its people or culture or its English dialect or Gaelic language
"Scots Gaelic"
"the Scots community in New York"
"`Scottish' tends to be the more formal term as in `The Scottish Symphony' or `Scottish authors' or `Scottish mountains'"
"`Scotch' is in disfavor with Scottish people and is used primarily outside Scotland except in such frozen phrases as `Scotch broth' or `Scotch whiskey' or `Scotch plaid'"

{adj: Uniate} of or relating to former Eastern Christian or Orthodox churches that have been received under the jurisdiction of the Church of Rome but retain their own rituals and practices and canon law

{adj: accidental, adventitious} associated by chance and not an integral part
"poetry is something to which words are the accidental, not by any means the essential form"- Frederick W. Robertson
"they had to decide whether his misconduct was adventitious or the result of a flaw in his character"

{adj: acerb, acerbic, acid, acrid, bitter, blistering, caustic, sulfurous, sulphurous, venomous, virulent, vitriolic} harsh or corrosive in tone
"an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prose"
"a barrage of acid comments"
"her acrid remarks make her many enemies"
"bitter words"
"blistering criticism"
"caustic jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics"
"a sulfurous denunciation"
"a vitriolic critique"

{adj: acute, discriminating, incisive, keen, knifelike, penetrating, penetrative, piercing, sharp} having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions
"an acute observer of politics and politicians"
"incisive comments"
"icy knifelike reasoning"
"as sharp and incisive as the stroke of a fang"
"penetrating insight"
"frequent penetrative observations"

{adj: ad-lib, extemporaneous, extemporary, extempore, impromptu, offhand, offhanded, off-the-cuff, unrehearsed} with little or no preparation or forethought
"his ad-lib comments showed poor judgment"
"an extemporaneous piano recital"
"an extemporary lecture"
"an extempore skit"
"an impromptu speech"
"offhand excuses"
"trying to sound offhanded and reassuring"
"an off-the-cuff toast"
"a few unrehearsed comments"

{adj: addlebrained, addlepated, potty, puddingheaded, muddleheaded} stupid and confused; used especially of persons
"blathering like the addlepated nincompoop that you are"
"a confused puddingheaded, muddleheaded fellow"- Isaac Sterne

{adj: adjacent} near or close to but not necessarily touching
"lands adjacent to the mountains"
"New York and adjacent cities"

{adj: adjective, procedural} relating to court practice and procedure as opposed to the principles of law
"adjective law"
<-> substantive

{adj: aglitter, coruscant, fulgid, glinting, glistering, glittering, glittery, scintillant, scintillating, sparkly} having brief brilliant points or flashes of light
"bugle beads all aglitter"
"glinting eyes"
"glinting water"
"his glittering eyes were cold and malevolent"
"shop window full of glittering Christmas trees"
"glittery costume jewelry"
"scintillant mica"
"the scintillating stars"
"a dress with sparkly sequins"
"`glistering' is an archaic term"

{adj: alert, awake} not unconscious; especially having become conscious
"the patient is now awake and alert"

{adj: algid} chilly
"a person who is algid is marked by prostration and has cold clammy skin and low blood pressure"

{adj: alone, unique, unequaled, unequalled, unparalleled} radically distinctive and without equal
"he is alone in the field of microbiology"
"this theory is altogether alone in its penetration of the problem"
"Bach was unique in his handling of counterpoint"
"craftsmen whose skill is unequaled"
"unparalleled athletic ability"
"a breakdown of law unparalleled in our history"

{adj: amazing, awe-inspiring, awesome, awful, awing} inspiring awe or admiration or wonder
"New York is an amazing city"
"the Grand Canyon is an awe-inspiring sight"
"the awesome complexity of the universe"
"this sea, whose gently awful stirrings seem to speak of some hidden soul beneath"- Melville
"Westminster Hall's awing majesty, so vast, so high, so silent"

{adj: amusing, comic, comical, funny, laughable, mirthful, risible} arousing or provoking laughter
"an amusing film with a steady stream of pranks and pratfalls"
"an amusing fellow"
"a comic hat"
"a comical look of surprise"
"funny stories that made everybody laugh"
"a very funny writer"
"it would have been laughable if it hadn't hurt so much"
"a mirthful experience"
"risible courtroom antics"

{adj: anarchic, anarchical, lawless} without law or control
"the system is economically inefficient and politically anarchic"

{adj: apart, isolated, obscure} remote and separate physically or socially
"existed over the centuries as a world apart"
"preserved because they inhabited a place apart"- W.H.Hudson
"tiny isolated villages remote from centers of civilization"
"an obscure village"

{adj: assorted, miscellaneous, mixed, motley, sundry} consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity)
"an arrangement of assorted spring flowers"
"assorted sizes"
"miscellaneous accessories"
"a mixed program of baroque and contemporary music"
"a motley crew"
"sundry sciences commonly known as social"- I.A.Richards

{adj: at issue, in dispute, in hand, in question, under consideration} now in consideration or under discussion
"regarding the matter in hand"

{adj: avaricious, covetous, grabby, grasping, greedy, prehensile} immoderately desirous of acquiring e.g. wealth
"they are avaricious and will do anything for money"
"casting covetous eyes on his neighbor's fields"
"a grasping old miser"
"grasping commercialism"
"greedy for money and power"
"grew richer and greedier"
"prehensile employers stingy with raises for their employees"

{adj: awkward, ill at ease, uneasy} not at ease socially; unsure and constrained in manner
"awkward and reserved at parties"
"ill at ease among eddies of people he didn't know"
"was always uneasy with strangers"

{adj: backstair, backstairs, furtive} secret and sly or sordid
"backstairs gossip"
"his low backstairs cunning"- A.L.Guerard
"backstairs intimacies"
"furtive behavior"

{adj: balanced} being in a state of proper balance or equilibrium
"the carefully balanced seesaw"
"a properly balanced symphony orchestra"
"a balanced assessment of intellectual and cultural history"
"a balanced blend of whiskeys"
"the educated man shows a balanced development of all his powers"
<-> unbalanced

{adj: bashful, blate} disposed to avoid notice
"they considered themselves a tough outfit and weren't bashful about letting anybody know it"; (`blate' is a Scottish term for bashful)

{adj: bigoted} blindly and obstinately attached to some creed or opinion and intolerant toward others
"a bigoted person"
"an outrageously bigoted point of view"

{adj: black-and-white} lacking hue or shades of grey; part white and part black
"a black-and-white cow"
"black-and-white blooms"
"black-and-white stripes"

{adj: black} of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin
"a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization"- Martin Luther King Jr.
<-> white

{adj: bleak, cutting, raw} unpleasantly cold and damp
"bleak winds of the North Atlantic"

{adj: bloodthirsty, bloody-minded, sanguinary} marked by eagerness to resort to violence and bloodshed
"bloody-minded tyrants"
"bloodthirsty yells"
"went after the collaborators with a sanguinary fury that drenched the land with blood"-G.W.Johnson

{adj: blue, depressed, dispirited, down, downcast, downhearted, down in the mouth, low, low-spirited} low in spirits
"lonely and blue in a strange city"
"depressed by the loss of his job"
"a dispirited and resigned expression on her face"
"downcast after his defeat"
"feeling discouraged and downhearted"

{adj: blunt, candid, forthright, frank, free-spoken, outspoken, plainspoken, point-blank, straight-from-the-shoulder} characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion
"blunt talking and straight shooting"
"a blunt New England farmer"
"I gave them my candid opinion"
"forthright criticism"
"a forthright approach to the problem"
"tell me what you think--and you may just as well be frank"
"it is possible to be outspoken without being rude"
"plainspoken and to the point"
"a point-blank accusation"

{adj: booming, flourishing, palmy, prospering, prosperous, roaring, thriving} very lively and profitable
"flourishing businesses"
"a palmy time for stockbrokers"
"a prosperous new business"
"doing a roaring trade"
"a thriving tourist center"
"did a thriving business in orchids"

{adj: brainwashed} subjected to intensive forced indoctrination resulting in the rejection of old beliefs and acceptance of new ones
"brainwashed prisoners of war"
"captive audiences for TV commercials can become brainwashed consumers"
<-> unbrainwashed

{adj: brand-new, bran-new, spic-and-span, spick-and-span} conspicuously new
"shiny brand-new shoes"
"a spick-and-span novelty"

{adj: brave, braw, gay} brightly colored and showy
"girls decked out in brave new dresses"
"brave banners flying"
"`braw' is a Scottish word"
"a dress a bit too gay for her years"
"birds with gay plumage"

{adj: bright, burnished, lustrous, shining, shiny} made smooth and bright by or as if by rubbing; reflecting a sheen or glow
"bright silver candlesticks"
"a burnished brass knocker"
"she brushed her hair until it fell in lustrous auburn waves"
"rows of shining glasses"
"shiny black patents"

{adj: buoyant, chirpy, perky} characterized by liveliness and lightheartedness
"buoyant spirits"
"his quick wit and chirpy humor"
"looking bright and well and chirpy"
"a perky little widow in her 70s"

{adj: candid} informal or natural; especially caught off guard or unprepared
"a candid photograph"
"a candid interview"

{adj: chancy, chanceful, dicey, dodgy} of uncertain outcome; especially fraught with risk
"an extremely dicey future on a brave new world of liquid nitrogen, tar, and smog"- New Yorker

{adj: chapfallen, chopfallen, crestfallen, deflated} brought low in spirit
"left us fatigued and deflated spiritually"

{adj: charming, magic, magical, sorcerous, witching, wizard, wizardly} possessing or using or characteristic of or appropriate to supernatural powers
"charming incantations"
"magic signs that protect against adverse influence"
"a magical spell"
"'tis now the very witching time of night"- Shakespeare
"wizard wands"
"wizardly powers"

{adj: cheapjack, shoddy, tawdry} cheap and shoddy
"cheapjack moviemaking...that feeds on the low taste of the mob"- Judith Crist

{adj: chic, smart, voguish} elegant and stylish
"chic elegance"
"a smart new dress"
"a suit of voguish cut"

{adj: chunky, dumpy, low-set, squat, squatty, stumpy} short and thick; as e.g. having short legs and heavy musculature
"some people seem born to be square and chunky"
"a dumpy little dumpling of a woman"
"dachshunds are long lowset dogs with drooping ears"
"a little church with a squat tower"
"a squatty red smokestack"
"a stumpy ungainly figure"

{adj: civil, polite} not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others
"even if he didn't like them he should have been civil"- W.S. Maugham
<-> uncivil

{adj: classified} official classification of information or documents; withheld from general circulation
"thousands of classified documents have now been declassified"
<-> unclassified

{adj: clean, neat} free from clumsiness; precisely or deftly executed
"he landed a clean left on his opponent's cheek"
"a clean throw"
"the neat exactness of the surgeon's knife"

{adj: clear, clean-cut, clear-cut} clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible
"as clear as a whistle"
"clear footprints in the snow"
"the letter brought back a clear image of his grandfather"
"a spire clean-cut against the sky"
"a clear-cut pattern"

{adj: clogged} loaded with something that hinders motion
"The wings of birds were clogged with ice and snow"-Dryden

{adj: coequal} having the same standing before the law

{adj: commanding, dominating, overlooking} used of a height or viewpoint
"a commanding view of the ocean"
"looked up at the castle dominating the countryside"
"the balcony overlooking the ballroom"

{adj: commonplace} completely ordinary and unremarkable
"air travel has now become commonplace"
"commonplace everyday activities"

{adj: communal} for or by a group rather than individuals
"dipping each his bread into a communal dish of stew"- Paul Roche
"a communal settlement in which all earnings and food were shared"
"a group effort"

{adj: communicative, communicatory} able or tending to communicate
"was a communicative person and quickly told all she knew"- W.M.Thackeray
<-> uncommunicative

{adj: comparable with} similar in some respect and so able to be compared in order to show differences and similarities
"pianists of comparable ability"
"cars comparable with each other in terms of fuel consumption"

{adj: compelling} tending to persuade by forcefulness of argument
"new and compelling evidence"

{adj: compos mentis, of sound mind} of sound mind, memory, and understanding; in law, competent to got to trial

{adj: comradely, hail-fellow, hail-fellow-well-met} heartily friendly and congenial

{adj: confidential} the level of official classification for documents next above restricted and below secret; available only to persons authorized to see documents so classified

{adj: conglomerate} composed of heterogeneous elements gathered into a mass
"the conglomerate peoples of New England"

{adj: contentious, combative, disputatious, disputative, litigious} inclined or showing an inclination to dispute or disagree, even to engage in law suits
"a style described as abrasive and contentious"
"a disputatious lawyer"
"a litigious and acrimonious spirit"

{adj: contentious} involving or likely to cause controversy
"a central and contentious element of the book"- Tim W.Ferfuson

{adj: conventional, established} conforming with accepted standards
"a conventional view of the world"

{adj: corrupt} lacking in integrity
"humanity they knew to be corrupt...from the day of Adam's creation"
"a corrupt and incompetent city government"
<-> incorrupt

{adj: craven, recreant} lacking even the rudiments of courage; abjectly fearful
"the craven fellow turned and ran"
"a craven proposal to raise the white flag"
"this recreant knight"- Spenser

{adj: cress green, cresson, watercress} of a moderate yellow-green color that is greener and deeper than moss green and yellower and darker than pea green

{adj: cryptic, cryptical, deep, inscrutable, mysterious, mystifying} of an obscure nature
"the new insurance policy is written without cryptic or mysterious terms"
"a deep dark secret"
"the inscrutable workings of Providence"
"in its mysterious past it encompasses all the dim origins of life"- Rachel Carson
"rituals totally mystifying to visitors from other lands"

{adj: crystalline, crystal clear, limpid, lucid, pellucid, transparent} transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity
"the cold crystalline water of melted snow"
"crystal clear skies"
"could see the sand on the bottom of the limpid pool"
"lucid air"
"a pellucid brook"
"transparent crystal"

{adj: cymose} having a usually flat-topped flower cluster in which the main and branch stems each end in a flower that opens before those below it or to its side

{adj: dainty, nice, overnice, prissy, squeamish} excessively fastidious and easily disgusted
"too nice about his food to take to camp cooking"
"so squeamish he would only touch the toilet handle with his elbow"

{adj: dark, dour, glowering, glum, moody, morose, saturnine, sour, sullen} showing a brooding ill humor
"a dark scowl"
"the proverbially dour New England Puritan"
"a glum, hopeless shrug"
"he sat in moody silence"
"a morose and unsociable manner"
"a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"- Bruce Bliven
"a sour temper"
"a sullen crowd"

{adj: datable, dateable} that can be given a date
"a concrete and datable happening"- C.W.Shumaker
<-> undatable

{adj: dazed, foggy, groggy, logy, stuporous} stunned or confused and slow to react (as from blows or drunkenness or exhaustion)

{adj: dazzling, eye-popping, fulgurant, fulgurous} amazingly impressive; suggestive of the flashing of lightning
"the skater's dazzling virtuosic leaps"
"these great best canvases still look as astonishing and as invitingly new as they did...when...his fulgurant popularity was in full growth"- Janet Flanner
"adventures related...in a style both vivid and fulgurous"- Idwal Jones

{adj: definite} precise; explicit and clearly defined
"I want a definite answer"
"a definite statement of the terms of the will"
"a definite amount"
"definite restrictions on the sale of alcohol"
"the wedding date is now definite"
"a definite drop in attendance"
<-> indefinite

{adj: dense, dim, dull, dumb, obtuse, slow} slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity
"so dense he never understands anything I say to him"
"never met anyone quite so dim"
"although dull at classical learning, at mathematics he was uncommonly quick"- Thackeray
"dumb officials make some really dumb decisions"
"he was either normally stupid or being deliberately obtuse"
"worked with the slow students"

{adj: deprived, disadvantaged} marked by deprivation especially of the necessities of life or healthful environmental influences
"a childhood that was unhappy and deprived, the family living off charity"
"boys from a deprived environment, wherein the family life revealed a pattern of neglect, moral degradation, and disregard for law"

{adj: designing, scheming} concealing crafty designs for advancing your own interest
"a selfish and designing nation obsessed with the dark schemes of European intrigue"- W.Churchill
"a scheming wife"
"a scheming gold digger"

{adj: desolate} crushed by grief
"depressed and desolate of soul"
"a low desolate wail"

{adj: despairing, desperate} arising from or marked by despair or loss of hope
"a despairing view of the world situation"
"the last despairing plea of the condemned criminal"
"a desperate cry for help"
"helpless and desperate--as if at the end of his tether"
"her desperate screams"

{adj: diametric, diametrical, opposite, polar} characterized by opposite extremes; completely opposed
"in diametric contradiction to his claims"
"diametrical (or opposite) points of view"
"opposite meanings"
"extreme and indefensible polar positions"

{adj: discombobulated, disconcerted} having self-possession upset; thrown into confusion
"the hecklers pelted the discombobulated speaker with anything that came to hand"
"looked at each other dumbly, quite disconcerted"- G.B.Shaw

{adj: disdainful, haughty, lordly, prideful, sniffy, supercilious, swaggering} having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy
"some economists are disdainful of their colleagues in other social disciplines"
"haughty aristocrats"
"his lordly manners were offensive"
"walked with a prideful swagger"
"very sniffy about breaches of etiquette"
"his mother eyed my clothes with a supercilious air"
"a more swaggering mood than usual"- W.L.Shirer

{adj: disgusted, fed up, sick, sick of, tired of} having a strong distaste from surfeit
"grew more and more disgusted"
"fed up with their complaints"
"sick of it all"
"sick to death of flattery"
"gossip that makes one sick"
"tired of the noise and smoke"

{adj: disorienting} causing loss of physical or intellectual bearings
"making so many turns to the right and then the left was completely disorienting"
"a sharp blow to the head can be disorienting"
<-> orienting

{adj: dispirited, listless} marked by low spirits; showing no enthusiasm
"a dispirited and divided Party"
"reacted to the crisis with listless resignation"

{adj: distressing, distressful, disturbing, perturbing, troubling, worrisome, worrying} causing distress or worry or anxiety
"distressing (or disturbing) news"
"lived in heroic if something distressful isolation"
"a disturbing amount of crime"
"a revelation that was most perturbing"
"a new and troubling thought"
"in a particularly worrisome predicament"
"a worrying situation"
"a worrying time"

{adj: distrustful} having or showing distrust
"a man of distrustful nature"
"my experience...in other fields of law has made me distrustful of rules of thumb generally"- B.N.Cardozo
"vigilant and distrustful superintendence"- Thomas Jefferson
<-> trustful

{adj: dizzy, giddy, woozy, vertiginous} having or causing a whirling sensation; liable to falling
"had a dizzy spell"
"a dizzy pinnacle"
"had a headache and felt giddy"
"a giddy precipice"
"feeling woozy from the blow on his head"
"a vertiginous climb up the face of the cliff"

{adj: double, dual, twofold, two-fold, treble, threefold, three-fold} having more than one decidedly dissimilar aspects or qualities
"a double (or dual) role for an actor"
"the office of a clergyman is twofold; public preaching and private influence"- R.W.Emerson
"every episode has its double and treble meaning"-Frederick Harrison

{adj: dull} (of color) very low in saturation; highly diluted
"dull greens and blues"

{adj: dull} lacking in liveliness or animation
"he was so dull at parties"
"a dull political campaign"
"a large dull impassive man"
"dull days with nothing to do"
"how dull and dreary the world is"
"fell back into one of her dull moods"
<-> lively

{adj: emerging} coming into view
"as newly emerging emotions and ideas well up in him"

{adj: epochal, epoch-making} highly significant or important especially bringing about or marking the beginning of a new development or era
"epochal decisions made by Roosevelt and Churchill"
"an epoch-making discovery"

{adj: fewest} (superlative of `few' used with count nouns and usually preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the smallest in number
"the fewest birds in recent memory"
<-> most

{adj: few} a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `a'; a small but indefinite number
"a few weeks ago"
"a few more wagons than usual"
"an invalid's pleasures are few and far between"
"few roses were still blooming"
"few women have led troops in battle"
<-> many

{adj: fiddling, footling, lilliputian, little, niggling, piddling, piffling, petty, picayune, trivial} (informal) small and of little importance
"a fiddling sum of money"
"a footling gesture"
"our worries are lilliputian compared with those of countries that are at war"
"a little (or small) matter"
"a dispute over niggling details"
"limited to petty enterprises"
"piffling efforts"
"giving a police officer a free meal may be against the law, but it seems to be a picayune infraction"

{adj: fixed, set, rigid} fixed and unmoving
"with eyes set in a fixed glassy stare"
"his bearded face already has a set hollow look"- Connor Cruise O'Brien
"a face rigid with pain"

{adj: flaccid, lax, limp, slack} lacking in strength or firmness or resilience
"flaccid muscles"
"took his lax hand in hers"
"gave a limp handshake"
"a limp gesture as if waving away all desire to know" G.K.Chesterton
"a slack grip"

{adj: flat-footed} unprepared and unable to react quickly
"the new product caught their competitors flat-footed"

{adj: fledgling, unfledged, callow} young and inexperienced
"a fledgling enterprise"
"a fledgling skier"
"an unfledged lawyer"

{adj: forbearing, longanimous} showing patient and unruffled self-control and restraint under adversity; slow to retaliate or express resentment
"seemly and forbearing...yet strong enough to resist aggression"
"was longanimous in the face of suffering"

{adj: forgiving} inclined or able to forgive and show mercy
"a kindly forgiving nature"
"a forgiving embrace to the naughty child"
<-> unforgiving

{adj: formative} capable of forming new cells and tissues
"a formative zone in developing bone"

{adj: frenzied, manic} affected with or marked by frenzy or mania uncontrolled by reason
"a frenzied attack"
"a frenzied mob"
"the prosecutor's frenzied denunciation of the accused"- H.W.Carter
"outbursts of drunken violence and manic activity and creativity"

{adj: fresh, new, novel} original and of a kind not seen before
"the computer produced a completely novel proof of a well-known theorem"

{adj: fresh} having recently calved and therefore able to give milk
"the cow is fresh"

{adj: gingerly} with extreme care or delicacy
"they proceeded with gingerly footwork over the jagged stones"
"the issue was handled only in a gingerly way"- W.S.White

{adj: glimmering, glimmery} shining softly and intermittently
"the glimmering mist of a spring rain splashed by sun and streaked by rainbow"- Claudia Cassidy
"glimmering candlelight"

{adj: green, greenish, light-green, dark-green} of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass
"a green tree"
"green fields"
"green paint"

{adj: grumbling, rumbling} continuous full and low-pitched throbbing sound
"the rumbling rolling sound of thunder"

{adj: happy, well-chosen} well expressed and to the point
"a happy turn of phrase"
"a few well-chosen words"

{adj: hardy} able to survive under unfavorable conditions
"strawberries are hardy and easy to grow"
"camels are tough and hardy creatures"

{adj: hidebound, traditionalist} stubbornly conservative and narrow-minded

{adj: hollow} not solid; having a space or gap or cavity
"a hollow wall"
"a hollow tree"
"hollow cheeks"
"his face became gaunter and more hollow with each year"
<-> solid

{adj: huge, immense, vast, Brobdingnagian} unusually great in size or amount or degree or especially extent or scope
"huge government spending"
"huge country estates"
"huge popular demand for higher education"
"a huge wave"
"the Los Angeles aqueduct winds like an immense snake along the base of the mountains"
"immense numbers of birds"
"at vast (or immense) expense"
"the vast reaches of outer space"
"the vast accumulation of knowledge...which we call civilization"- W.R.Inge

{adj: imperturbable, unflappable} not easily perturbed or excited or upset; marked by extreme calm and composure
"hitherto imperturbable, he now showed signs of alarm"
"an imperturbable self-possession"
"unflappable in a crisis"

{adj: insightful} exhibiting insight or clear and deep perception
"an insightful parent"
"the chapter is insightful and suggestive of new perspectives"-R.C.Angell

{adj: insured} covered by insurance
"an insured risk"
"all members of the film cast and crew are insured"
<-> uninsured

{adj: intervening} standing between or separating two objects or areas
"Paris--where the same city lies on both sides of an intervening river"
"after reaching the top of the hill he looked across an intervening meadow to another line of hills"

{adj: irresolute} uncertain how to act or proceed
"the committee was timid and mediocre and irresolute"
<-> resolute

{adj: jaundiced} showing or affected by prejudice or envy or distaste
"looked with a jaundiced eye on the growth of regimentation"
"takes a jaundiced view of societies and clubs"

{adj: laid-back, mellow} unhurried and relaxed
"a mellow conversation"

{adj: law-abiding, observant} (of individuals) adhering strictly to laws and rules and customs
"law-abiding citizens"
"observant of the speed limit"

{adj: liberalistic} having or demonstrating belief in the essential goodness of man and the autonomy of the individual; favoring civil and political liberties, government by law with the consent of the governed, and protection from arbitrary authority

{adj: liquid} existing as or having characteristics of a liquid; especially tending to flow
"water and milk and blood are liquid substances"
<-> gaseous, solid

{adj: lowland} of relatively low or level country
<-> upland

{adj: lubberly} clumsy and unskilled
"a big stupid lubberly fellow"

{adj: many} a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `as' or `too' or `so' or `that'; amounting to a large but indefinite number
"many temptations"
"the temptations are many"
"a good many"
"a great many"
"many directions"
"take as many apples as you like"
"too many clouds to see"
"never saw so many people"
<-> few

{adj: material} directly relevant to a matter especially a law case
"his support made a material difference"
"evidence material to the issue at hand"
"facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts"
"a material witness"
<-> immaterial

{adj: minute, narrow} characterized by painstaking care and detailed examination
"a minute inspection of the grounds"
"a narrow scrutiny"
"an exact and minute report"

{adj: naked, raw} devoid of elaboration or diminution or concealment; bare and pure
"naked ambition"
"raw fury"
"you may kill someone someday with your raw power"

{adj: nice} pleasant or pleasing or agreeable in nature or appearance
"what a nice fellow you are and we all thought you so nasty"- George Meredith
"nice manners"
"a nice dress"
"a nice face"
"a nice day"
"had a nice time at the party"
"the corn and tomatoes are nice today"
<-> nasty

{adj: non compos mentis, of unsound mind} not of sound mind, memory, or understanding; in law, not competent to go to trial

{adj: orange, orangish} of the color between red and yellow; similar to the color of a ripe orange

{adj: outstanding, prominent, salient, spectacular, striking} having a quality that thrusts itself into attention
"an outstanding fact of our time is that nations poisoned by anti semitism proved less fortunate in regard to their own freedom"
"a new theory is the most prominent feature of the book"
"salient traits"
"a spectacular rise in prices"
"a striking thing about Picadilly Circus is the statue of Eros in the center"
"a striking resemblance between parent and child"

{adj: overhand, oversewn} sewn together with overhand stitches (close vertical stitches that pass over and draw the two edges together)

{adj: parliamentary} in accord with rules and customs of a legislative or deliberative assembly
"parliamentary law"

{adj: pasty, pastelike} resembling paste in color; pallid
"he looked pasty and red-eyed"
"a complexion that had been pastelike was now chalky white"

{adj: patched, spotty, spotted, black-and-white} having spots or patches (small areas of contrasting color or texture)
"a field patched with ice and snow"
"the wall had a spotty speckled effect"
"a black-and-white spotted cow"

{adj: pathetic, ridiculous, silly} inspiring scornful pity
"how silly an ardent and unsuccessful wooer can be especially if he is getting on in years"- Dashiell Hammett

{adj: poor} having little money or few possessions
"deplored the gap between rich and poor countries"
"the proverbial poor artist living in a garret"
<-> rich

{adj: precocial} (of hatchlings) covered with down and having eyes open; capable of leaving the nest within a few days
<-> altricial

{adj: predaceous, predacious, predatory} living by or given to victimizing others for personal gain
"predatory capitalists"
"a predatory, insensate society in which innocence and decency can prove fatal"- Peter S. Prescott
"a predacious kind of animal--the early geological gangster"- W.E.Swinton

{adj: present} temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration
"the present leader"
"articles for present use"
"the present topic"
"the present system"
"present observations"
<-> future, past

{adj: provincial} characteristic of the provinces or their people
"deeply provincial and conformist"
"in that well-educated company I felt uncomfortably provincial"
"narrow provincial attitudes"
<-> cosmopolitan

{adj: rawboned} having a lean and bony physique
"a rawboned cow hand"

{adj: red} red with or characterized by blood
"waving our red weapons o'er our heads"- Shakespeare
"The Red Badge of Courage"
"the red rules of tooth and claw"- P.B.Sears

{adj: reformed} caused to abandon an evil manner of living and follow a good one
"a reformed drunkard"

{adj: reversed} turned inside out and resewn
"the reversed collar looked as good as new"

{adj: revitalized, revitalised} restored to new life and vigor
"a revitalized economy"
"a revitalized inner-city neighborhood"

{adj: rhetorical} of or relating to rhetoric
"accepted two or three verbal and rhetorical changes I suggested"- W.A.White
"the rhetorical sin of the meaningless variation"- Lewis Mumford

{adj: right-minded} disposed toward or having views based on what is right
"respect for law which every right-minded citizen ought to have"- Bertrand Russell

{adj: right} in conformance with justice or law or morality
"do the right thing and confess"
<-> wrong

{adj: rounded} curving and somewhat round in shape rather than jagged
"low rounded hills"
"rounded shoulders"
<-> angular

{adj: sad} experiencing or showing sorrow or unhappiness
"feeling sad because his dog had died"
"Better by far that you should forget and smile / Than that you should remember and be sad"- Christina Rossetti
<-> glad

{adj: sentient, animate} endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness
"the living knew themselves just sentient puppets on God's stage"- T.E.Lawrence
<-> insentient

{adj: serious} requiring effort or concentration; complex and not easy to answer or solve
"raised serious objections to the proposal"
"the plan has a serious flaw"

{adj: set up} well established and ready to function
"things I can do now that I'm set up"

{adj: shadowy, wraithlike} lacking in substance
"strange fancies of unreal and shadowy worlds"- W.A.Butler
"dim shadowy forms"
"a wraithlike column of smoke"

{adj: shakedown} intended to test a new system under operating conditions and to familiarize the operators with the system
"a shakedown cruise"

{adj: shallow} lacking depth of intellect or knowledge; concerned only with what is obvious
"shallow people"
"his arguments seemed shallow and tedious"

{adj: single-breasted} (of clothing) closing with a narrow overlap and fastened with a single row of buttons
"a single-breasted jacket"
<-> double-breasted

{adj: single} used of flowers having usually only one row or whorl of petals
"single chrysanthemums resemble daisies and may have more than one row of petals"
<-> double

{adj: slashed} having long and narrow ornamental cuts showing an underlying fabric
"a slashed doublet"
"slashed cuffs showing the scarlet lining"

{adj: southwestern} of a region of the United States generally including New Mexico; Arizona; Texas; California; and sometimes Nevada; Utah; Colorado

{adj: standby} ready for emergency use
"a standby generator"
"a standby crew"

{adj: straightarrow} conventionally moral and upright

{adj: subscript, inferior} written or printed below and to one side of another character
<-> adscript, superscript

{adj: subservient} compliant and obedient to authority
"editors and journalists who express opinions in print that are opposed to the interests of the rich are dismissed and replaced by subservient ones"-G. B. Shaw

{adj: transalpine, ultramontane} on or relating to or characteristic of the region or peoples beyond the Alps from Italy (or north of the Alps)
"ancient transalpine Gaul was an area northwest of the Alps and included modern France and Belgium"
"Cracow was a transalpine university"

{adj: transcendent} beyond and outside the ordinary range of human experience or understanding
"philosophers...often explicitly reject the notion of any transcendent reality beyond thought...and claim to be concerned only with thought itself..."- W.P.Alston
"the unknowable mysteries of life"

{adj: tritanopic, blue-blind} inability to see the color blue or to distinguish the colors blue and yellow

{adj: two-handed, bimanual} requiring two hands or designed for two people
"a two-handed sledgehammer"
"a two-handed crosscut saw"
"a machine designed for bimanual operation"

{adj: unanticipated, unforeseen, unlooked-for, out of the blue} not anticipated
"unanticipated and disconcerting lines of development"- H.W.Glidden
"unforeseen circumstances"
"a virtue unlooked-for in people so full of energy"
"like a bolt out of the blue"

{adj: unchristianly, unchristlike} not becoming to or like a Christian
"ashamed to have to recognize how unchristianly his assumptions and motives are"

{adj: uncleared} not cleared; not rid of objects or obstructions
"uncleared land"
"many cars were stuck in the snow on uncleared streets"
<-> cleared

{adj: uncomfortable} conducive to or feeling mental discomfort
"this kind of life can prove disruptive and uncomfortable"
"the uncomfortable truth"
"grew uncomfortable beneath his appraising eye"
"an uncomfortable way of surprising me just when I felt surest"
"the teacher's presence at the conference made the child very uncomfortable"
<-> comfortable

{adj: undeviating, unswerving} going directly ahead from one point to another without veering or turning aside
"some people see evolution as an undeviating upward march from simple organisms to the very complex"
"a straight and narrow tree-lined road unswerving across the lowlands"

{adj: uneconomical, wasteful} inefficient in use of time and effort and materials
"a clumsy and wasteful process"
"wasteful duplication of effort"
"uneconomical ebb and flow of power"

{adj: unfit} below the required standards for a purpose
"an unfit parent"
"unfit for human consumption"
<-> fit

{adj: unready} not prepared or in a state of readiness; slow to understand or respond
"she cursed her unready tongue"
<-> ready

{adj: unrefined} (used of persons and their behavior) not refined; uncouth
"how can a refined girl be drawn to such an unrefined man?"
<-> refined

{adj: unsullied} spotlessly clean and fresh
"the unsullied snow of mountains"

{adj: upmarket} designed for consumers with high incomes
"he turned up in well-cut clothes...and upmarket felt hats"- New Yorker
<-> downmarket

{adj: urceolate} urn-shaped; large below and contracted toward the mouth

{adj: virile} characterized by energy and vigor
"a virile and ever stronger free society"
"a new and virile leadership"

{adj: weighted} adjusted to reflect value or proportion
"votes weighted according to the size of constituencies"
"a law weighted in favor of landlords"
"a weighted average"

{adj: white-shoe} denoting a company or law firm owned and run by members of the WASP elite who are generally conservative
"the politician tried to hide his white-shoe background"

{adj: worthy} having worth or merit or value; being honorable or admirable
"a worthy fellow"
"no student deemed worthy, and chosen for admission, would be kept out for lack of funds"- Nathan Pusey
"worthy of acclaim"
"worthy of consideration"
"a worthy cause"
<-> unworthy

{adj: yellow, yellowish, xanthous} of the color intermediate between green and orange in the color spectrum; of something resembling the color of an egg yolk

{adj: yellow-green} of a color midway between yellow and green

{adj: yellow} cowardly or treacherous
"the little yellow stain of treason"-M.W.Straight
"too yellow to stand and fight"

{adv: adrift} off course, wandering aimlessly
"there was a search for beauty that had somehow gone adrift"

{adv: afield, abroad} far away from home or one's usual surroundings
"looking afield for new lands to conquer"- R.A.Hall

{adv: as the crow flies} by the shortest and most direct route
"it's 10 miles as the crow flies"

{adv: consequently, therefore} as a consequence
"he had good reason to be grateful for the opportunities which they had made available to him and which consequently led to the good position he now held"

{adv: defensively} in an apologetic and defensive manner
"`I felt it better you should know,' said Sir Cedric defensively"

{adv: dejectedly, in low spirits} in a dejected manner
"when she came back Sophie and Esther were sitting dejectedly in the kitchen"

{adv: detestably, repulsively, abominably, odiously} in an offensive and hateful manner
"I don't know anyone who could have behaved so abominably"

{adv: diametrically} as from opposite ends of a diameter
"when two honest witnesses give accounts of the same event that differ diametrically, how can anyone prove that the evidence you gave was deliberately false?"
"three of these brushes were approximately 120 feet apart and the fourth diametrically opposite to one of the three"

{adv: eventually, yet, sooner or later, in time, one of these days} within an indefinite time or at an unspecified future time
"he will understand eventually"
"he longed for the flowers that were yet to show themselves"
"sooner or later you will have to face the facts"
"in time they came to accept the harsh reality"

{adv: fully, to the full, full} to the greatest degree or extent; completely or entirely; (`full' in this sense is used as a combining form)
"fully grown"
"he didn't fully understand"
"knew full well"

{adv: in no way, nohow} in no manner
"We could nohow make out his handwriting"

{adv: meditatively} in a meditative manner
"round and round, while meditatively, as a cow chewing the cud, he let his eyes rest on the flat water ahead of him"

{adv: nakedly} without clothing
"Henriette saw the weaving figure of an Apache warrior reel nakedly on a pony and rush by with a rifle raised"

{adv: now} used to preface a command or reproof or request
"now hear this!"
"now pay attention"

{adv: occasionally, on occasion, once in a while, now and then, now and again, at times, from time to time} now and then or here and there
"he was arrogant and occasionally callous"
"open areas are only occasionally interrupted by clumps of trees"
"they visit New York on occasion"
"now and again she would take her favorite book from the shelf and read to us"
"as we drove along, the beautiful scenery now and then attracted his attention"

{adv: offhand, offhanded, offhandedly} in a casually inconsiderate manner
"replied offhand, his mind a million miles away"
"she threw him over offhandedly without even a Dear-John letter"

{adv: on the one hand, on one hand} from one point of view
"on the one hand, she is a gifted chemist"
<-> on the other hand

{adv: on the other hand, then again, but then} (contrastive) from another point of view
"on the other hand, she is too ambitious for her own good"
"then again, she might not go"
<-> on the one hand

{adv: smoothly} in a smooth and diplomatic manner
"`And now,' he said smoothly, `we will continue the conversation'"

{adv: spuriously} in a false and spurious manner
"the lawyer argued spuriously that his client knew nothing of the burglary"

{adv: stagily, theatrically} in a stagy and theatrical manner
"`I cannot show my face at her house,' he declared theatrically"

{adv: thence, therefrom, thereof} from that circumstance or source
"atomic formulas and all compounds thence constructible"- W.V.Quine
"a natural conclusion follows thence"
"public interest and a policy deriving therefrom"
"typhus fever results therefrom"

{adv: thence, therefrom} from that place or from there
"proceeded thence directly to college"
"flew to Helsinki and thence to Moscow"
"roads that lead therefrom"

{adv: thriftily} in a thrifty manner
"a used towel that he had used and had left thriftily on the ledge below the mirror rather than consign to the linen basket"

{adv: unawares} suddenly and unexpectedly
"rain caught them unawares"
"sorrow comes to all, and to the young it comes with bittered agony because it takes them unawares"- A.Lincoln

{n: 401-k plan, 401-k} a retirement savings plan that is funded by employee contributions and (often) matching contributions from the employer; contributions are made from your salary before taxes and the funds grow tax-free until they are withdrawn at which point they can be converted into and IRA; funds can be transfered if you change employers and you can (to some extent) manage the investments yourself

{n: Abelmoschus, genus Abelmoschus} genus of tropical coarse herbs having large lobed leaves and often yellow flowers

{n: Addis Ababa, New Flower, capital of Ethiopia} the capital of Ethiopia and the country's largest city; located in central Ethiopia

{n: Aegates Isles, Aegadean Isles} islands west of Sicily (now known as the Egadi Islands) where the Romans won a naval victory over the Carthaginians that ended the first Punic War in 241 BC

{n: African hunting dog, hyena dog, Cape hunting dog, Lycaon pictus} a powerful doglike mammal of southern and eastern Africa that hunts in large packs; now rare in settled area

{n: African marigold, big marigold, Aztec marigold, Tagetes erecta} a stout branching annual with large yellow to orange flower heads; Mexico and Central America

{n: Africanized bee, Africanized honey bee, killer bee, Apis mellifera scutellata, Apis mellifera adansonii} a strain of bees that originated in Brazil in the 1950s as a cross between an aggressive African bee and a honeybee; retains most of the traits of the African bee; now spread as far north as Texas

{n: Aizoaceae, family Aizoaceae, Tetragoniaceae, family Tetragoniaceae, carpetweed family} succulent herbs or small shrubs mostly of South Africa but also New Zealand and North America: carpetweeds; fig marigolds

{n: Albatrellus dispansus} a rare fungus having a large (up to 14 inches wide) yellow fruiting body with multiple individual caps and a broad central stalk and a fragrant odor

{n: Albuquerque} the largest city in New Mexico; located in central New Mexico on the Rio Grande river

{n: Alexandria senna, Alexandrian senna, true senna, tinnevelly senna, Indian senna, Senna alexandrina, Cassia acutifolia, Cassia augustifolia} erect shrub having racemes of tawny yellow flowers; the dried leaves are used medicinally as a cathartic; sometimes placed in genus Cassia

{n: Ali} the fourth caliph of Islam who is considered to be the first caliph by Shiites; he was a cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad; after his assassination Islam was divided into Shiite and Sunnite sects

{n: Alpine besseya, Besseya alpina} small pale plant with dense spikes of pale bluish-violet flowers; of high cold meadows from Wyoming and Utah to New Mexico

{n: Alpine celery pine, Phyllocladus alpinus} small shrubby celery pine of New Zealand

{n: American Party, Know-Nothing Party} a former political party in the United States; active in the 1850s to keep power out of the hands of immigrants and Roman Catholics

{n: American barberry, Berberis canadensis} deciduous shrub of eastern North America whose leaves turn scarlet in autumn and having racemes of yellow flowers followed by ellipsoid glossy red berries

{n: American crab apple, garland crab, Malus coronaria} medium-sized tree of the eastern United States having pink blossoms and small yellow fruit

{n: American red plum, August plum, goose plum, Prunus americana} wild plum trees of eastern and central North America having red-orange fruit with yellow flesh

{n: American shrew mole, Neurotrichus gibbsii} greyish-black shrew mole of the United States and Canada

{n: American smelt, rainbow smelt} common smelt of eastern North America and Alaska

{n: Amygdalaceae, family Amygdalaceae} used in former classifications for plum and peach and almond trees which are now usually classified as members of the genus Prunus

{n: Amygdalus, genus Amygdalus} used in former classifications for peach and almond trees which are now included in genus Prunus

{n: Anacardiaceae, family Anacardiaceae, sumac family} the cashew family; trees and shrubs and vines having resinous (sometimes poisonous) juice; includes cashew and mango and pistachio and poison ivy and sumac

{n: Anasazi} a Native American who lived in what is now southern Colorado and Utah and northern Arizona and New Mexico and who built cliff dwellings

{n: Anigozanthus, genus Anigozanthus} genus of monocotyledonous plants with curious woolly flowers on sturdy stems above a fan of sword-shaped leaves; includes kangaroo's paw and Australian sword lily; sometimes placed in family Amaryllidaceae

{n: Anzac} a soldier in the Australian and New Zealand army corps during World War I

{n: Arapaho, Arapahoe} a member of a tribe of Plains Indians formerly inhabiting eastern Colorado and Wyoming (now living in Oklahoma and Wyoming)

{n: Arctic char, Salvelinus alpinus} small trout of northern waters; landlocked populations in Quebec and northern New England

{n: Arecidae, subclass Arecidae} one of four subclasses or superorder of Monocotyledones; comprises about 6400 species in 5 families of trees and shrubs and terrestrial herbs and a few free-floating aquatics including: Palmae; Araceae; Pandanaceae and Lemnaceae

{n: Argo} formerly a large constellation in the southern hemisphere between Canis Major and the Southern Cross; now divided into Carina and Pyxis and Puppis and Vela

{n: Ariocarpus, genus Ariocarpus} slow-growing geophytic cacti; northern and eastern Mexico; southern Texas

{n: Arizona white oak, Quercus arizonica} semi-evergreen shrub or small tree of Arizona and New Mexico having acorns with hemispherical cups

{n: Arjuna} (Hindu mythology) the warrior prince in the Bhagavad-Gita to whom Krishna explains the nature of being and of God and how humans can come to know God

{n: Armed Islamic Group, GIA} a terrorist organization of Islamic extremists whose violent activities began in 1992; aims to overthrow the secular Algerian regime and replace it with an Islamic state
"the GIA has embarked on a terrorist campaign of civilian massacres"

{n: Army for the Liberation of Rwanda, ALIR, Former Armed Forces, FAR, Interahamwe} a terrorist organization that seeks to overthrow the government dominated by Tutsi and to institute Hutu control again
"in 1999 ALIR guerrillas kidnapped and killed eight foreign tourists"

{n: Arnold, Matthew Arnold} English poet and literary critic (1822-1888)

{n: Aryan} (according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew)

{n: Asbat al-Ansar, Band of Partisans} an extremist Palestinian Sunni group active in Lebanon in the early 1990s that advocates Salafism; responsible for murders and bombings; seeks to overthrow the Lebanese government and control Palestinian refugee camps; funded by al-Qaeda

{n: Atlantic City} a city on the Atlantic shore in southeastern New Jersey; a resort and gambling center

{n: Attorney General, Attorney General of the United States} the position of the head of the Justice Department and the chief law enforcement officer of the United States
"the post of Attorney General was created in 1789"

{n: Auckland} the largest city and principal port of New Zealand

{n: Australian grass tree, Richea dracophylla} stout Australian shrub with narrow leaves crowded at ends of branches and terminal clusters of white or pink flowers

{n: Avogadro's law, Avogadro's hypothesis} the principle that equal volumes of all gases (given the same temperature and pressure) contain equal numbers of molecules

{n: B cell, B lymphocyte} a lymphocyte derived from bone marrow that provides humoral immunity; it recognizes free antigen molecules in solution and matures into plasma cells that secrete immunoglobulin (antibodies) that inactivate the antigens

{n: Balkan Wars} two wars (1912-1913) that were fought over the last of the European territories of the Ottoman Empire and that left the area around Constantinople (now Istanbul) as the only Ottoman territory in Europe

{n: Barbados gooseberry, Barbados-gooseberry vine, Pereskia aculeata} West Indian woody climber with spiny stems and numerous fragrant white flowers in panicles followed by small yellow to orange fruits

{n: Barbados gooseberry, blade apple} small yellow to orange fruit of the Barbados gooseberry cactus used in desserts and preserves and jellies

{n: Barnaby's thistle, yellow star-thistle, Centaurea solstitialis} European weed having a winged stem and hairy leaves; adventive in the eastern United States

{n: Barrie, James Barrie, J. M. Barrie, James Matthew Barrie, Sir James Matthew Barrie} Scottish dramatist and novelist; created Peter Pan (1860-1937)

{n: Battle of Wake, Battle of Wake Island} in December 1941 the island was captured by the Japanese after a gallant last-ditch stand by a few hundred United States marines

{n: Bayes' theorem} (statistics) a theorem describing how the conditional probability of a set of possible causes for a given observed event can be computed from knowledge of the probability of each cause and the conditional probability of the outcome of each cause

{n: Bayonne Bridge} a steel arch bridge connecting New Jersey and Staten Island at Bayonne, New Jersey

{n: Bermuda chub, rudderfish, Kyphosus sectatrix} food and game fish around Bermuda and Florida; often follow ships

{n: Bermuda grass, devil grass, Bahama grass, kweek, doob, scutch grass, star grass, Cynodon dactylon} trailing grass native to Europe now cosmopolitan in warm regions; used for lawns and pastures especially in southern United States and India

{n: Berzelius, Jons Jakob Berzelius} Swedish chemist who discovered three new elements and determined the atomic weights of many others (1779-1848)

{n: Bessemer process} an industrial process for making steel using a Bessemer converter to blast air through molten iron and thus burning the excess carbon and impurities; the first successful method of making steel in quantity at low cost

{n: Black September Movement} a former Palestinian terrorist organization (now merged with Fatah Revolutionary Council) that assassinated the Prime Minister of Jordan and during the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich killed 11 Israeli athletes

{n: Bligh, William Bligh, Captain Bligh} British admiral; was captain of the H.M.S. Bounty in 1789 when part of the crew mutinied and set him afloat in an open boat; a few weeks later he arrived safely in Timor 4,000 miles away (1754-1817)

{n: Boletus chrysenteron} a fungus convex cap and a dingy yellow under surface and a dry stalk

{n: Boletus luridus} a poisonous fungus with a dingy yellow cap and orange red undersurface and a cylindrical reticulate stalk

{n: Boletus mirabilis} a fungus that is edible when young and fresh; has a dark brown convex cap with a yellow to greenish under surface and reddish stalk

{n: Boletus pallidus} a fungus that has an off-white cap when it is young but later becomes dingy brown and a stalk of the same color; the under surface of the cap (the tubes) a pale greenish yellow

{n: Boletus pulverulentus} an edible fungus with a broadly convex blackish brown cap and a pore surface that is yellow when young and darkens with age; stalk is thick and enlarges toward the base

{n: Boletus roxanae} a fungus with a rusty red cap and a white pore surface that becomes yellow with age and a pale yellow stalk

{n: Boletus zelleri} an edible and choice fungus that has a brown cap with greenish yellow under surface and a stalk that become dull red with age

{n: Bounty, H.M.S. Bounty} a ship of the British navy; in 1789 part of the crew mutinied against their commander William Bligh and set him afloat in an open boat

{n: Bradford, William Bradford} United States printer (born in England) whose press produced the first American prayer book and the New York City's first newspaper (1663-1752)

{n: Brahman, Brahma, Brahmin, Bos indicus} any of several breeds of Indian cattle; especially a large American heat and tick resistant greyish humped breed evolved in the Gulf States by interbreeding Indian cattle and now used chiefly for crossbreeding

{n: British Commonwealth, Commonwealth of Nations} an association of nations consisting of the United Kingdom and its dependencies and many former British colonies that are now sovereign states but owe allegiance to the British Crown

{n: Broca, Pierre-Paul Broca} French anthropologist who studied the craniums and brains of different races of people; remembered for his discovery that articulate speech depends on an area of the brain now known as Broca's area (1824-1880)

{n: Brunswick stew} spicy southern specialty: chicken (or small game) with corn and tomatoes and lima beans and okra and onions and potatoes

{n: Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms, ATF} the law enforcement and tax collection agency of the Treasury Department that enforces federal laws concerning alcohol and tobacco products and firearms and explosives and arson

{n: Caddo} a group of Plains Indians formerly living in what is now North and South Dakota and Nebraska and Kansas and Arkansas and Louisiana and Oklahoma and Texas

{n: Caesar salad} typically having fried croutons and dressing made with a raw egg

{n: Calandrinia, genus Calandrinia} large genus of low-growing herbs; widespread throughout tropical and warm temperate regions having usually basal leaves and panicles of purplish ephemeral flowers

{n: Caledonian Canal} a canal in northern Scotland that links North Sea with the Atlantic Ocean; runs diagonally between Moray Firth at the northeastern end and Loch Linnhe at the southwestern end; now little used

{n: Caledonia} the geographical area (in Roman times) north of the Antonine Wall; now a poetic name for Scotland

{n: California lady's slipper, Cypripedium californicum} often having many yellow-green orchids with white pouches growing along streams and seeps of southwestern Oregon and northern California

{n: California pitcher plant, Darlingtonia californica} marsh or bog herb having solitary pendulous yellow-green flowers and somewhat twisted pitchers with broad wings below

{n: Calostoma lutescens} a gasteromycete with a leathery stalk and a fruiting body that is globose and has a pale yellow spore case

{n: Canada balsam} yellow transparent exudate of the balsam fir; used as a transparent cement in optical devices (especially in microscopy) and as a mounting medium

{n: Canada ginger, black snakeroot, Asarum canadense} deciduous low-growing perennial of Canada and eastern and central United States

{n: Canadian aspen, bigtooth aspen, bigtoothed aspen, big-toothed aspen, large-toothed aspen, large tooth aspen, Populus grandidentata} aspen with a narrow crown; eastern North America

{n: Canadian, Canadian River} a river rising in northeastern New Mexico and flowing eastward across the Texas panhandle to become a tributary of the Arkansas River in Oklahoma

{n: Canandaigua Lake, Lake Canandaigua} a glacial lake in central New York; one of the Finger Lakes

{n: Cape May warbler, Dendroica tigrina} North American wood warbler; olive green and yellow striped with black

{n: Cape Province, Cape of Good Hope Province, Cape Colony} a former province of southern South Africa that was settled by the Dutch in 1652 and ceded to Great Britain in 1814; in 1994 it was split into three new provinces of South Africa

{n: Cape tulip, Haemanthus coccineus} spectacular plant having large prostrate leaves barred in reddish-purple and flowers with a clump of long yellow stamens in a coral-red cup of fleshy bracts; South Africa

{n: Carew, Thomas Carew} Englishman and Cavalier poet whose lyric poetry was favored by Charles I (1595-1639)

{n: Carlsbad Caverns} a group of caverns in southeastern New Mexico noted for their stalactites and stalagmites

{n: Carnegie, Andrew Carnegie} United States industrialist and philanthropist who endowed education and public libraries and research trusts (1835-1919)

{n: Carnegie, Dale Carnegie} United States educator famous for writing a book about how to win friends and influence people (1888-1955)

{n: Carolina buckthorn, indian cherry, Rhamnus carolinianus} deciduous shrub of eastern and central United States having black berrylike fruit; golden-yellow in autumn

{n: Cassiope, genus Cassiope} low tufted evergreen shrubs of colder parts of north temperate regions having mosslike foliage and nodding white or pink flowers

{n: Castanopsis, genus Castanopsis} evergreen trees and shrubs of warm regions valued for their foliage; southeastern United States and eastern Australia and northern New Zealand

{n: Castro, Fidel Castro, Fidel Castro Ruz} Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)

{n: Cebidae, family Cebidae} all the New World monkeys except marmosets and tamarins

{n: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC} a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services; located in Atlanta; investigates and diagnoses and tries to control or prevent diseases (especially new and unusual diseases)

{n: Central American country, Central American nation} countries occupying Central America; these countries (except for Belize and Costa Rica) are characterized by low per capita income and unstable governments

{n: Central American strap fern, narrow-leaved strap fern, Campyloneurum augustifolium} fern with shorter and narrower leaves than Florida strap fern; Florida to West Indies and Mexico and south to Argentina

{n: Chamaecytisus, genus Chamaecytisus} small late-flowering trees or subshrubs having yellow to red flowers and leathery or woody pods; often especially formerly included in genus Cytisus

{n: Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy} a form of neuropathy that can begin between childhood and young adulthood; characterized by weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the hands and lower legs; progression is slow and individuals affected can have a normal life span; inheritance is X-linked recessive or X-linked dominant

{n: Charles, Jacques Charles, Jacques Alexandre Cesar Charles} French physicist and author of Charles's law which anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823)

{n: Chartreuse} aromatic green or yellow liqueur flavored with orange peel and hyssop and peppermint; made at monastery near Grenoble, France

{n: Cheyenne} a member of a North American Indian people living on the western plains (now living in Oklahoma and Montana)

{n: Chiang Kai-shek, Chiang Chung-cheng} Chinese military and political figure; in the Chinese civil war that followed World War II he was defeated by the Chinese communists and in 1949 was forced to withdraw to Taiwan where he served as president of Nationalist China until his death (1897-1975)

{n: Chihuahuan Desert} a desert in western Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico

{n: Chinese gooseberry, kiwi, kiwi vine, Actinidia chinensis, Actinidia deliciosa} climbing vine native to China; cultivated in New Zealand for its fuzzy edible fruit with green meat

{n: Chinese parasol tree, Chinese parasol, Japanese varnish tree, phoenix tree, Firmiana simplex} deciduous tree widely grown in southern United States as an ornamental for its handsome maplelike foliage and long racemes of yellow-green flowers followed by curious leaflike pods

{n: Chinese pea tree, Caragana sinica} shrub with dark-green glossy foliage and solitary pale yellow flowers; northern China

{n: Chiococca, genus Chiococca} shrubs of tropical and subtropical New World

{n: Chordospartium, genus Chordospartium} 2 species of small New Zealand trees: weeping tree broom; endangered

{n: Christianity, Christian religion} a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior

{n: Chrysophyta, division Chrysophyta} mostly freshwater eukaryotic algae having the chlorophyll masked by brown or yellow pigment; yellow-green and golden-brown algae and diatoms: Xanthophyceae, Chrysophyceae, Bacillariophyceae; some classification systems superseded or subsumed by Heterokontophyta

{n: Cimarron, Cimarron River} a river that rises in northeastern New Mexico and flows eastward into Oklahoma where it becomes a tributary of the Arkansas River

{n: Claudius, Claudius I, Tiberius Claudius Drusus Nero Germanicus} Roman Emperor after his nephew Caligula was murdered; consolidated the Empire and conquered southern Britain; was poisoned by his fourth wife Agrippina after her son Nero was named as Claudius' heir (10 BC to AD 54)

{n: Clay, Lucius Clay, Lucius DuBignon Clay} United States general who commanded United States forces in Europe from 1945 to 1949 and who oversaw the Berlin airlift (1897-1978)

{n: Clitocybe inornata} a fungus with a cap that is creamy grey when young and turns brown with age and a whitish stalk that stains yellow when handled

{n: Clitocybe subconnexa} an edible white agaric that fruits in dense clusters; the gills are narrow and crowded and the stalk in fleshy and unpolished

{n: Clitocybe, genus Clitocybe} a genus of agarics with white to pale yellow spore deposits and fleshy stalks centrally attached to the cap and closely attached gills

{n: Clyde} a river in western Scotland that flows from the southern uplands into the Firth of Clyde; navigable by oceangoing vessels as far as Glasgow

{n: Colorado potato beetle, Colorado beetle, potato bug, potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata} black-and-yellow beetle that feeds in adult and larval stages on potato leaves; originally of eastern Rocky Mountains; now worldwide

{n: Colubrina, genus Colubrina} mostly tropical American shrubs or small trees with small yellowish flowers and yellow or red fruits

{n: Colutea, genus Colutea} small genus of Eurasian shrubs with yellow flowers and bladdery pods

{n: Comanche} a member of the Shoshonean people who formerly lived between Wyoming and the Mexican border but are now chiefly in Oklahoma

{n: Communications Security Establishment, CSE} Canadian agency that gathers communications intelligence and assist law enforcement and security agencies

{n: Coniferales, order Coniferales} profusely branching and chiefly evergreen trees and some shrubs having narrow or needlelike leaves

{n: Connecticut, Connecticut River} a river in the northeastern United States; flows south from northern New Hampshire along the border between New Hampshire and Vermont and through Massachusetts and Connecticut where it empties into Long Island Sound

{n: Connecticut, Nutmeg State, Constitution State, CT} a New England state; one of the original 13 colonies

{n: Cook Strait} a narrow strait separating the North Island and South Island in New Zealand

{n: Cooper, Peter Cooper} United States industrialist who built the first American locomotive; founded Cooper Union in New York City to offer free courses in the arts and sciences (1791-1883)

{n: Coptis, genus Coptis} small genus of low perennial herbs having yellow rhizomes and white or yellow flowers

{n: Cordaites, genus Cordaites} tall Paleozoic trees superficially resembling modern screw pines; structurally intermediate in some ways between cycads and conifers

{n: Cordyline, genus Cordyline} Asiatic and Pacific trees or shrubs; fragments of the trunk will regrow to form whole plants

{n: Coriolis force} (physics) a force due to the earth's rotation; acts on a body in motion (airplane or projectile) in a rotating reference frame; in a rotating frame of reference Newton's second law of motion can be made to apply if in addition to the real forces acting on a body a Coriolis force and a centrifugal force are introduced

{n: Cornell, Ezra Cornell} United States businessman who unified the telegraph system in the United States and who in 1865 (with Andrew D. White) founded Cornell University (1807-1874)

{n: Corokia, genus Corokia} evergreen shrubs with intricately twisted wiry stems that in summer are smothered in small yellow flowers; grows in New Zealand

{n: Cortaderia, genus Cortaderia} tall ornamental grasses of South America and New Zealand and New Guinea: pampas grass

{n: Cortinarius atkinsonianus} an edible fungus with a slimy viscid cap that is initially yellow but turns olive and then tawny; flesh is lavender

{n: Cortinarius gentilis} a poisonous fungus with a bright yellow brown cap and a long cinnamon colored stalk

{n: Cotswolds, Cotswold Hills} a range of low hills in southwestern England

{n: Coulomb's Law} a fundamental principle of electrostatics; the force of attraction or repulsion between two charged particles is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them; principle also holds for magnetic poles

{n: Coulomb, Charles Augustin de Coulomb} French physicist famous for his discoveries in the field of electricity and magnetism; formulated Coulomb's Law (1736-1806)

{n: Cracow, Krakow, Krakau} an industrial city in southern Poland on the Vistula

{n: Craspedia, genus Craspedia} herbs of Australia and New Zealand

{n: Creek} any member of the Creek Confederacy (especially the Muskogee) formerly living in Georgia and Alabama but now chiefly in Oklahoma

{n: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, CJD, Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease} rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control

{n: Cricetidae, family Cricetidae} mostly small New World rodents including New World mice and lemmings and voles and hamsters

{n: Criminal Investigation Command, CID} the United States Army's principal law enforcement agency responsible for the conduct of criminal investigations for all levels of the Army anywhere in the world

{n: Cuban bast, blue mahoe, mahoe, majagua, mahagua, Hibiscus elatus} erect forest tree of Cuba and Jamaica having variably hairy leaves and orange-yellow or orange-red flowers; yields a moderately dense timber for cabinetwork and gunstocks

{n: Curl, Robert Curl, Robert F. Curl, Robert Floyd Curl Jr.} American chemist who with Richard Smalley and Harold Kroto discovered fullerenes and opened a new branch of chemistry (born in 1933)

{n: Cycliophora, phylum Cycliophora} tiny marine organisms each the size of a period found in great numbers on lobsters' lips; identified tentatively in 1995 as a new phylum or as possible link between Entoprocta and Ectoprocta

{n: Dacrycarpus, genus Dacrycarpus} evergreen coniferous shrubs or trees of New Zealand to Malaysia and Philippines

{n: Dalmatian laburnum, Petteria ramentacea, Cytisus ramentaceus} erect shrub having large trifoliate leaves and dense clusters of yellow flowers followed by poisonous seeds; Yugoslavia; sometimes placed in genus Cytisus

{n: Dalton's law, Dalton's law of partial pressures, law of partial pressures} (chemistry and physics) law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture; the pressure of a gas in a mixture equals the pressure it would exert if it occupied the same volume alone at the same temperature

{n: Dalton, John Dalton} English chemist and physicist who formulated atomic theory and the law of partial pressures; gave the first description of red-green color blindness (1766-1844)

{n: Darwinism} a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selection

{n: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, DARPA} the central research and development organization for the United States Department of Defense; responsible for developing new surveillance technologies since 9/11

{n: Delaware, Delaware River} a river that rises in the Catskills in southeastern New York and flows southward along the border of Pennsylvania with New York and New Jersey to northern Delaware where it empties into Delaware Bay

{n: Dimash, Damascus, capital of Syria} an ancient city (widely regarded as the world's oldest) and present capital and largest city of Syria; according to the New Testament, the Apostle Paul (then known as Saul) underwent a dramatic conversion on the road to Damascus

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