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{adj: Acheronian, Acherontic, Stygian} dark and dismal as of the rivers Acheron and Styx in Hades
"in the depths of an Acheronian forest"
"upon those roseate lips a Stygian hue"-Wordsworth



{adj: Asian, oriental} denoting or characteristic of the biogeographic region including southern Asia and the Malay Archipelago as far as the Philippines and Borneo and Java
"Oriental politeness"
"for people of South and East Asian ancestry the term `Asian' is preferred to `Oriental'"
"Asian ancestry"

{adj: Dickensian} of or like the novels of Charles Dickens (especially with regard to poor social and economic conditions)

{adj: Luxemburger} of or relating to or characteristic of the grand duchy of Luxemburg or its people

{adj: Mongoloid} of or pertaining to or characteristic of one of the traditional racial division of humankind including especially peoples of central and eastern Asia

{adj: Saxon} of or relating to or characteristic of the early Saxons or Anglo-Saxons and their descendents (especially the English or Lowland Scots) and their language
"Saxon princes"
"for greater clarity choose a plain Saxon term instead of a latinate one"

{adj: Scots, Scottish, Scotch} of or relating to or characteristic of Scotland or its people or culture or its English dialect or Gaelic language
"Scots Gaelic"
"the Scots community in New York"
"`Scottish' tends to be the more formal term as in `The Scottish Symphony' or `Scottish authors' or `Scottish mountains'"
"`Scotch' is in disfavor with Scottish people and is used primarily outside Scotland except in such frozen phrases as `Scotch broth' or `Scotch whiskey' or `Scotch plaid'"

{adj: Taoist} of or relating to the popular Chinese religious system based on the teachings of Lao-tzu but including a pantheon of gods along with divination and magic
"Taoist temples"

{adj: Thai, Tai, Siamese} of or relating to or characteristic of Thailand or its people
"Siamese kings"
"different Thai tribes live in the north"

{adj: absurd, cockeyed, derisory, idiotic, laughable, ludicrous, nonsensical, preposterous, ridiculous} incongruous;inviting ridicule
"the absurd excuse that the dog ate his homework"
"that's a cockeyed idea"
"ask a nonsensical question and get a nonsensical answer"
"a contribution so small as to be laughable"
"it is ludicrous to call a cottage a mansion"
"a preposterous attempt to turn back the pages of history"
"her conceited assumption of universal interest in her rather dull children was ridiculous"

{adj: academic} hypothetical or theoretical and not expected to produce an immediate or practical result
"an academic discussion"
"an academic question"

{adj: acerb, acerbic, acid, acrid, bitter, blistering, caustic, sulfurous, sulphurous, venomous, virulent, vitriolic} harsh or corrosive in tone
"an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prose"
"a barrage of acid comments"
"her acrid remarks make her many enemies"
"bitter words"
"blistering criticism"
"caustic jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics"
"a sulfurous denunciation"
"a vitriolic critique"

{adj: acquitted, not guilty} declared not guilty of a specific offense or crime; legally blameless
"he stands acquitted on all charges"
"the jury found him not guilty by reason of insanity"

{adj: active, dynamic} expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water')
<-> stative

{adj: aerobic} based on or using the principles of aerobics; enhancing respiratory and circulatory efficiency
"aerobic dance"
"running is very aerobic"
<-> anaerobic

{adj: aggressive} having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends
"an aggressive businessman"
"an aggressive basketball player"
"he was aggressive and imperious; positive in his convictions"
"aggressive drivers"
<-> unaggressive

{adj: aglitter, coruscant, fulgid, glinting, glistering, glittering, glittery, scintillant, scintillating, sparkly} having brief brilliant points or flashes of light
"bugle beads all aglitter"
"glinting eyes"
"glinting water"
"his glittering eyes were cold and malevolent"
"shop window full of glittering Christmas trees"
"glittery costume jewelry"
"scintillant mica"
"the scintillating stars"
"a dress with sparkly sequins"
"`glistering' is an archaic term"

{adj: agonistic, agonistical, combative} striving to overcome in argument
"a dialectical and agonistic approach"

{adj: airless, close, stuffy, unaired} lacking fresh air
"a dusty airless attic"
"the dreadfully close atmosphere"
"hot and stuffy and the air was blue with smoke"

{adj: alien, foreign} not contained in or deriving from the essential nature of something
"an economic theory alien to the spirit of capitalism"
"the mysticism so foreign to the French mind and temper"
"jealousy is foreign to her nature"

{adj: allochthonous} of rocks, deposits, etc.; found in a place other than where they and their constituents were formed
<-> autochthonous

{adj: allogeneic} denoting or relating to cells or tissues from individuals belonging to the same species but genetically dissimilar (and hence immunologically incompatible)
<-> xenogeneic

{adj: alone, unique, unequaled, unequalled, unparalleled} radically distinctive and without equal
"he is alone in the field of microbiology"
"this theory is altogether alone in its penetration of the problem"
"Bach was unique in his handling of counterpoint"
"craftsmen whose skill is unequaled"
"unparalleled athletic ability"
"a breakdown of law unparalleled in our history"

{adj: anemometric, anemometrical} pertaining to the measurement of wind speed and direction

{adj: anesthetic, anaesthetic} characterized by insensibility
"the young girls are in a state of possession--blind and deaf and anesthetic"
"an anesthetic state"

{adj: animal, carnal, fleshly, sensual} marked by the appetites and passions of the body
"animal instincts"
"carnal knowledge"
"fleshly desire"
"a sensual delight in eating"
"music is the only sensual pleasure without vice"

{adj: anthropogenetic, anthropogenic} of or relating to the study of the origins and development of human beings

{adj: antiseptic} thoroughly clean and free of or destructive to disease-causing organisms
"doctors in antiseptic green coats"
"the antiseptic effect of alcohol"
"it is said that marjoram has antiseptic qualities"
<-> septic

{adj: apprehensive, worried} mentally upset over possible misfortune or danger etc
"apprehensive about her job"
"not used to a city and worried about small things"
"felt apprehensive about the consequences"

{adj: appropriated, condemned, confiscate, confiscated, seized, taken over} taken without permission or consent especially by public authority
"the condemned land was used for a highway cloverleaf"
"the confiscated liquor was poured down the drain"

{adj: arctic, frigid, gelid, glacial, icy, polar} extremely cold
"an arctic climate"
"a frigid day"
"gelid waters of the North Atlantic"
"glacial winds"
"icy hands"
"polar weather"

{adj: arid, desiccate, desiccated} lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless
"a technically perfect but arid performance of the sonata"
"a desiccate romance"
"a prissy and emotionless creature...settles into a mold of desiccated snobbery"-C.J.Rolo

{adj: assertive} inclined to bold and confident assertion; aggressively self-assured
"an energetic assertive boy who was always ready to argue"
"pointing directly at a listener is an assertive act"
<-> unassertive

{adj: assorted, miscellaneous, mixed, motley, sundry} consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity)
"an arrangement of assorted spring flowers"
"assorted sizes"
"miscellaneous accessories"
"a mixed program of baroque and contemporary music"
"a motley crew"
"sundry sciences commonly known as social"- I.A.Richards

{adj: astigmatic} of or relating to a defect in the eye or in a lens caused by a deviation from spherical curvature which prevents light rays from meeting at a common focus and so results in distorted images
<-> anastigmatic

{adj: atomistic, atomistical} divided into separate and often disparate elements
<-> holistic

{adj: autochthonous} of rocks, deposits, etc.; found where they and their constituents were formed
<-> allochthonous

{adj: autocratic, bossy, dominating, high-and-mighty, magisterial, peremptory} offensively self-assured or given to exercising usually unwarranted power
"an autocratic person"
"autocratic behavior"
"a bossy way of ordering others around"
"a rather aggressive and dominating character"
"managed the employees in an aloof magisterial way"
"a swaggering peremptory manner"

{adj: bacchanalian, bacchanal, bacchic, carousing, orgiastic} used of riotously drunken merrymaking
"a night of bacchanalian revelry"
"carousing bands of drunken soldiers"
"orgiastic festivity"

{adj: baffling, knotty, problematic, problematical, tough} making great mental demands; hard to comprehend or solve or believe
"a baffling problem"
"I faced the knotty problem of what to have for breakfast"
"a problematic situation at home"

{adj: base, dishonorable, dishonourable, immoral, unethical} not adhering to ethical or moral principles
"base and unpatriotic motives"
"a base, degrading way of life"
"cheating is dishonorable"
"they considered colonialism immoral"
"unethical practices in handling public funds"

{adj: bitter} one of the four basic taste sensations; sharp and disagreeable; like the taste of quinine

{adj: bizarre, eccentric, freakish, freaky, flaky, flakey, gonzo, off-the-wall, outlandish, outre} conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual
"restaurants of bizarre design--one like a hat, another like a rabbit"
"famed for his eccentric spelling"
"a freakish combination of styles"
"his off-the-wall antics"
"the outlandish clothes of teenagers"
"outre and affected stage antics"

{adj: black, disgraceful, ignominious, inglorious, opprobrious, shameful} (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
"Man...has written one of his blackest records as a destroyer on the oceanic islands"- Rachel Carson
"an ignominious retreat"
"inglorious defeat"
"an opprobrious monument to human greed"
"a shameful display of cowardice"

{adj: bleak, cutting, raw} unpleasantly cold and damp
"bleak winds of the North Atlantic"

{adj: blue, puritan, puritanic, puritanical} morally rigorous and strict
"blue laws"
"the puritan work ethic"
"puritanic distaste for alcohol"
"she was anything but puritanical in her behavior"

{adj: breathing, eupneic, eupnoeic} passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination
"the boy was disappointed to find only skeletons instead of living breathing dinosaurs"
"the heavy-breathing person on the telephone"
<-> breathless

{adj: bromidic, corny, platitudinal, platitudinous} dull and tiresome but with pretensions of significance or originality
"bromidic sermons"

{adj: bucolic, pastoral} relating to shepherds or herdsmen or devoted to raising sheep or cattle
"pastoral seminomadic people"
"pastoral land"
"a pastoral economy"

{adj: cetacean, cetaceous} of or relating to whales and dolphins etc

{adj: chaotic, disorderly} completely unordered and unpredictable and confusing

{adj: characteristic} typical or distinctive
"heard my friend's characteristic laugh"
"red and gold are the characteristic colors of autumn"
"stripes characteristic of the zebra"
<-> uncharacteristic

{adj: chic, smart, voguish} elegant and stylish
"chic elegance"
"a smart new dress"
"a suit of voguish cut"

{adj: circumstantial} fully detailed and specific about particulars
"a circumstantial report about the debate"

{adj: classy, posh, swish} elegant and fashionable
"classy clothes"
"a classy dame"
"a posh restaurant"
"a swish pastry shop on the Rue du Bac"- Julia Child

{adj: clinical} relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
"clinical observation"
"clinical case study"

{adj: commonplace, humdrum, prosaic, unglamorous, unglamourous} not challenging; dull and lacking excitement
"an unglamorous job greasing engines"

{adj: compatible, sympathetic} having similar disposition and tastes
"a compatible married couple"
"with their many similar tastes, he found her a most sympathetic companion"

{adj: conceited, egotistic, egotistical, self-conceited, swollen, swollen-headed, vain} characteristic of false pride; having an exaggerated sense of self-importance
"a conceited fool"
"an attitude of self-conceited arrogance"
"an egotistical disregard of others"
"so swollen by victory that he was unfit for normal duty"
"growing ever more swollen-headed and arbitrary"
"vain about her clothes"

{adj: contraceptive, prophylactic, antifertility} capable of preventing conception or impregnation
"contraceptive devices and medications"

{adj: cool} psychologically cool and unenthusiastic; unfriendly or unresponsive or showing dislike
"relations were cool and polite"
"a cool reception"
"cool to the idea of higher taxes"
<-> warm

{adj: cosmologic, cosmological, cosmogonic, cosmogonical, cosmogenic, cosmogenical} pertaining to the branch of astronomy dealing with the origin and history and structure and dynamics of the universe
"cosmologic science"
"cosmological redshift"
"cosmogonic theories of the origin of the universe"

{adj: cosmologic, cosmological} pertaining to the branch of philosophy dealing with the elements and laws and especially the characteristics of the universe such as space and time and causality
"cosmologic philosophy"
"a cosmological argument is an argument that the universe demands the admission of an adequate external cause which is God"

{adj: crimson, red, violent} characterized by violence or bloodshed
"writes of crimson deeds and barbaric days"- Andrea Parke
"fann'd by Conquest's crimson wing"- Thomas Gray
"convulsed with red rage"- Hudson Strode

{adj: critical} at or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain a chain reaction
"a critical temperature of water is 100 degrees C--its boiling point at standard atmospheric pressure"
"critical mass"
"go critical"
<-> noncritical

{adj: cryptic, cryptical, deep, inscrutable, mysterious, mystifying} of an obscure nature
"the new insurance policy is written without cryptic or mysterious terms"
"a deep dark secret"
"the inscrutable workings of Providence"
"in its mysterious past it encompasses all the dim origins of life"- Rachel Carson
"rituals totally mystifying to visitors from other lands"

{adj: cultural, ethnic, ethnical} denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people
"influenced by ethnic and cultural ties"- J.F.Kennedy
"ethnic food"

{adj: curative, healing, alterative, remedial, sanative, therapeutic} tending to cure or restore to health
"curative powers of herbal remedies"
"her gentle healing hand"
"remedial surgery"
"a sanative environment of mountains and fresh air"
"a therapeutic agent"
"therapeutic diets"

{adj: curious} eager to investigate and learn or learn more (sometimes about others' concerns)
"a curious child is a teacher's delight"
"a trap door that made me curious"
"curious investigators"
"traffic was slowed by curious rubberneckers"
"curious about the neighbor's doings"
<-> incurious

{adj: cynical, misanthropic, misanthropical} believing the worst of human nature and motives; having a sneering disbelief in e.g. selflessness of others

{adj: dark, dour, glowering, glum, moody, morose, saturnine, sour, sullen} showing a brooding ill humor
"a dark scowl"
"the proverbially dour New England Puritan"
"a glum, hopeless shrug"
"he sat in moody silence"
"a morose and unsociable manner"
"a saturnine, almost misanthropic young genius"- Bruce Bliven
"a sour temper"
"a sullen crowd"

{adj: datable, dateable} that can be given a date
"a concrete and datable happening"- C.W.Shumaker
<-> undatable

{adj: dazzling, eye-popping, fulgurant, fulgurous} amazingly impressive; suggestive of the flashing of lightning
"the skater's dazzling virtuosic leaps"
"these great best canvases still look as astonishing and as invitingly new as they did...when...his fulgurant popularity was in full growth"- Janet Flanner
"adventures related...in a style both vivid and fulgurous"- Idwal Jones

{adj: dead, drained} drained of electric charge; discharged
"a dead battery"
"left the lights on and came back to find the battery drained"

{adj: debauched, degenerate, degraded, dissipated, dissolute, libertine, profligate, riotous, fast} unrestrained by convention or morality
"Congreve draws a debauched aristocratic society"
"deplorably dissipated and degraded"
"riotous living"
"fast women"

{adj: democratic} characterized by or advocating or based upon the principles of democracy or social equality
"democratic government"
"a democratic country"
"a democratic scorn for bloated dukes and lords"- George du Maurier
<-> undemocratic

{adj: derivational} characterized by inflections indicating a semantic relation between a word and its base
"the morphological relation between `sing' and `singer' and `song' is derivational"
<-> inflectional

{adj: designed} planned or created in an artistic or skilled manner
"a beautifully designed dress"
"some Italian designed sandals have cushioning"

{adj: despotic} ruled by or characteristic of a despot
"moved from a feudal to a despotic order"
"his administration was arrogant and despotic"

{adj: determinate} precisely determined or limited or defined; especially fixed by rule or by a specific and constant cause
"a determinate distance"
"a determinate number"
"determinate variations in animals"
<-> indeterminate

{adj: deuteranopic, green-blind} inability to see the color green or to distinguish green and purplish-red

{adj: devilish, diabolic, diabolical, mephistophelian, mephistophelean} showing the cunning or ingenuity or wickedness typical of a devil
"devilish schemes"
"the cold calculation and diabolic art of some statesmen"
"the diabolical expression on his face"
"a mephistophelian glint in his eye"

{adj: devious, circuitous, roundabout} deviating from a straight course
"a scenic but devious route"
"a long and circuitous journey by train and boat"
"a roundabout route avoided rush-hour traffic"

{adj: diametric, diametrical, opposite, polar} characterized by opposite extremes; completely opposed
"in diametric contradiction to his claims"
"diametrical (or opposite) points of view"
"opposite meanings"
"extreme and indefensible polar positions"

{adj: diatonic} based on or using the five tones and two semitones of the major or minor scales of Western music

{adj: diatonic} based on the standard major or minor scales consisting of 5 tones and 2 semitones without modulation by accidentals
<-> chromatic

{adj: dim, subdued} lacking in light; not bright or harsh
"a dim light beside the bed"
"subdued lights and soft music"

{adj: dimensioning} indicating or determining size and position in space
"the ultrasonic dimensioning measurement"
"an ultrasonic dimensioning arrangement of the heart"

{adj: dipolar} having equal and opposite electric charges or magnetic poles having opposite signs and separated by a small distance

{adj: disagreeable, unsympathetic} not agreeing with your tastes or expectations
"found the task disagreeable and decided to abandon it"
"a job temperamentally unsympathetic to him"

{adj: discerning, discreet} unobtrusively perceptive and sympathetic
"a discerning editor"
"a discreet silence"

{adj: discerning} having or revealing keen insight and good judgment
"a discerning critic"
"a discerning reader"
<-> undiscerning

{adj: discontinuous, noncontinuous} not continuing without interruption in time or space
"discontinuous applause"
"the landscape was a discontinuous mosaic of fields and forest areas"
"he received a somewhat haphazard and discontinuous schooling"
<-> continuous

{adj: discovered, disclosed, revealed} no longer concealed; uncovered as by opening a curtain; `discovered' is archaic and primarily a theater term
"the scene disclosed was of a moonlit forest"

{adj: disjunct, isolated} marked by separation of or from usually contiguous elements
"little isolated worlds, as abruptly disjunct and unexpected as a palm-shaded well in the Sahara"- Scientific Monthly

{adj: distressing, distressful, disturbing, perturbing, troubling, worrisome, worrying} causing distress or worry or anxiety
"distressing (or disturbing) news"
"lived in heroic if something distressful isolation"
"a disturbing amount of crime"
"a revelation that was most perturbing"
"a new and troubling thought"
"in a particularly worrisome predicament"
"a worrying situation"
"a worrying time"

{adj: divided, dual-lane} having a median strip or island between lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions
"a divided highway"

{adj: divinatory, mantic, sibylline, sibyllic, vatic, vatical} resembling or characteristic of a prophet or prophecy
"the high priest's divinatory pronouncement"
"mantic powers"
"a kind of sibylline book with ready and infallible answers to questions"

{adj: divisional} constituting a division or an aliquot part of the basic monetary unit
"American divisional (fractional) coins include the dime and the nickel"
"fractional currency is currency in denominations less than the basic monetary unit"

{adj: domestic} of concern to or concerning the internal affairs of a nation
"domestic issues such as tax rate and highway construction"
<-> foreign

{adj: domestic} of or involving the home or family
"domestic worries"
"domestic happiness"
"they share the domestic chores"
"everything sounded very peaceful and domestic"
"an author of blood-and-thunder novels yet quite domestic in his taste"
<-> undomestic

{adj: double, dual, twofold, two-fold, treble, threefold, three-fold} having more than one decidedly dissimilar aspects or qualities
"a double (or dual) role for an actor"
"the office of a clergyman is twofold; public preaching and private influence"- R.W.Emerson
"every episode has its double and treble meaning"-Frederick Harrison

{adj: drained} emptied or exhausted of (as by drawing off e.g. water or other liquid)
"a drained marsh"
"a drained tank"
"a drained and apathetic old man...not caring any longer about anything"
<-> undrained

{adj: dramatic} used of a singer or singing voice that is marked by power and expressiveness and a histrionic or theatrical style
"a dramatic tenor"
"a dramatic soprano"
<-> lyric

{adj: drastic} forceful and extreme and rigorous
"drastic measures"

{adj: dry} opposed to or prohibiting the production and sale of alcoholic beverages
"the dry vote led by preachers and bootleggers"
"a dry state"
<-> wet

{adj: dualistic, Manichaean} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of dualism
"a Manichaean conflict between good and evil"

{adj: dyslogistic, dislogistic, pejorative} expressing disapproval
"dyslogistic terms like `nitwit' and `scalawag'"

{adj: elementary, simple, uncomplicated, unproblematic} easy and not involved or complicated
"an elementary problem in statistics"
"elementary, my dear Watson"
"a simple game"
"found an uncomplicated solution to the problem"

{adj: elliptic, elliptical} characterized by extreme economy of expression or omission of superfluous elements
"the dialogue is elliptic and full of dark hints"
"the explanation was concise, even elliptical to the verge of obscurity"- H.O.Taylor

{adj: emphatic, forceful} forceful and definite in expression or action
"the document contained a particularly emphatic guarantee of religious liberty"

{adj: empirical, empiric} derived from experiment and observation rather than theory
"an empirical basis for an ethical theory"
"empirical laws"
"empirical data"
"an empirical treatment of a disease about which little is known"
<-> theoretical

{adj: endemic, endemical} of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality
"diseases endemic to the tropics"
"endemic malaria"
"food shortages and starvation are endemic in certain parts of the world"
<-> epidemic, ecdemic

{adj: enigmatic, enigmatical, puzzling} not clear to the understanding
"I didn't grasp the meaning of that enigmatic comment until much later"
"prophetic texts so enigmatic that their meaning has been disputed for centuries"

{adj: epicurean, luxurious, luxuriant, sybaritic, voluptuary, voluptuous} displaying luxury and furnishing gratification to the senses
"an epicurean banquet"
"enjoyed a luxurious suite with a crystal chandelier and thick oriental rugs"
"Lucullus spent the remainder of his days in voluptuous magnificence"
"a chinchilla robe of sybaritic lavishness"

{adj: episodic} of writing or narration; divided into or composed of episodes
"the book is episodic and the incidents don't always hang together"

{adj: eristic, eristical} given to disputation for its own sake and often employing specious arguments

{adj: evangelistic} relating to or promoting the preaching and dissemination of the Christian gospel
"evangelistic fervor"
"the evangelistic concerns of the early church"

{adj: exotic} strikingly strange or unusual
"an exotic hair style"
"protons, neutrons, electrons and all their exotic variants"
"the exotic landscape of a dead planet"

{adj: expropriated} taken out of the possession of another and transferred to your own use often without permission
"the expropriated land was developed into a public playground"

{adj: extracurricular} outside the regular academic curriculum
"sports and drama are popular extracurricular activities"

{adj: faint, weak} deficient in magnitude; barely perceptible; lacking clarity or brightness or loudness etc
"a faint outline"
"the wan sun cast faint shadows"
"the faint light of a distant candle"
"weak colors"
"a faint hissing sound"
"a faint aroma"
"a weak pulse"

{adj: fanatic, fanatical, overzealous, rabid} marked by excessive enthusiasm for and intense devotion to a cause or idea
"rabid isolationist"

{adj: flowery, ornate} marked by elaborate rhetoric and elaborated with decorative details
"a flowery speech"
"ornate rhetoric taught out of the rule of Plato"-John Milton

{adj: fortemente} chiefly a direction or description in music; loud and strong

{adj: fourth, 4th, quaternary} coming next after the third and just before the fifth in position or time or degree or magnitude
"the quaternary period of geologic time extends from the end of the tertiary period to the present"

{adj: free-range} of livestock and domestic poultry; permitted to graze or forage rather than being confined to a feedlot

{adj: frenzied, manic} affected with or marked by frenzy or mania uncontrolled by reason
"a frenzied attack"
"a frenzied mob"
"the prosecutor's frenzied denunciation of the accused"- H.W.Carter
"outbursts of drunken violence and manic activity and creativity"

{adj: full of life, lively, vital} full of spirit
"a dynamic full of life woman"
"a vital and charismatic leader"
"this whole lively world"

{adj: generalized, generalised} not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
"the hedgehog is a primitive and generalized mammal"

{adj: general} prevailing among and common to the general public
"the general discontent"

{adj: geographic, geographical} determined by geography
"the north and south geographic poles"
<-> magnetic

{adj: geometric, geometrical} characterized by simple geometric forms in design and decoration
"a buffalo hide painted with red and black geometric designs"

{adj: glossy, calendered} (of paper and fabric and leather) having a surface made smooth and glossy especially by pressing between rollers
"calendered paper"
"a dress of glossy sateen"

{adj: graphic, lifelike, pictorial, vivid} evoking lifelike images within the mind
"pictorial poetry and prose"
"graphic accounts of battle"
"a lifelike portrait"
"a vivid description"

{adj: graphic} of or relating to the graphic arts
"the etchings, drypoints, lithographs, and engravings which together form his graphic work"- British Book News

{adj: grassroots} of or involving the common people as constituting a fundamental political and economic group
"a grassroots movement for nuclear disarmament"

{adj: gung ho} very enthusiastic and dedicated

{adj: gymnastic} of or relating to or used in exercises intended to develop strength and agility
"gymnastic horse"

{adj: harmonic} of or relating to harmony as distinct from melody and rhythm
"subtleties of harmonic change and tonality"- Ralph Hill
<-> nonharmonic

{adj: healthy, salubrious, good for you} promoting health; healthful
"a healthy diet"
"clean healthy air"
"plenty of healthy sleep"
"healthy and normal outlets for youthful energy"
"the salubrious mountain air and water"- C.B.Davis
"carrots are good for you"

{adj: heart-whole, wholehearted, whole-souled} with unconditional and enthusiastic devotion
"heart-whole friendship"
"gave wholehearted support to her candidacy"
"wholehearted commitment"
"demonstrated his whole-souled allegiance"

{adj: heavy-handed, roughshod} unjustly domineering
"incensed at the government's heavy-handed economic policies"
"a manager who rode roughshod over all opposition"

{adj: hebephrenic, schizophrenic} suffering from a form of schizophrenia characterized by foolish mannerisms and senseless laughter along with delusions and regressive behavior

{adj: heliacal, heliac} pertaining to or near the sun; especially the first rising of a star after and last setting before its invisibility owing to its conjunction with the sun
"the heliacal rising of the Dog Star"
"the heliacal or Sothic year is determined by the heliacal rising of Sothis (the Egyptian name for the Dog Star)"

{adj: heroic, heroical} having or displaying qualities appropriate for heroes
"the heroic attack on the beaches of Normandy"
"heroic explorers"

{adj: holographic, holographical} written entirely in one's own hand
"holographic document"

{adj: homophonous} characteristic of the phenomenon of words of different origins that are pronounced the same way
"'horse' and 'hoarse' are homophonous words"

{adj: hotheaded, impulsive, impetuous, madcap, tearaway, brainish} characterized by undue haste and lack of thought or deliberation
"a hotheaded decision"
"liable to such impulsive acts as hugging strangers"
"an impetuous display of spending and gambling"
"madcap escapades"; (`brainish' is archaic)

{adj: human-centered, human-centred, humanist, humanistic, humanitarian} marked by humanistic values and devotion to human welfare
"a humane physician"
"released the prisoner for humanitarian reasons"
"respect and humanistic regard for all members of our species"

{adj: humanist, humanistic} of or pertaining to a philosophy asserting human dignity and man's capacity for fulfillment through reason and scientific method and often rejecting religion
"the humanist belief in continuous emergent evolution"- Wendell Thomas

{adj: hundred thousand} (in Roman numerals, C written with a macron over it) denoting a quantity consisting of 100,000 items or units

{adj: hydrophobic} lacking affinity for water; tending to repel and not absorb water; tending not to dissolve in or mix with or be wetted by water
<-> hydrophilic

{adj: hypnotic, mesmeric, mesmerizing, spellbinding} attracting and holding interest as if by a spell
"read the bedtime story in a hypnotic voice"
"she had a warm mesmeric charm"
"the sheer force of his presence was mesmerizing"
"a spellbinding description of life in ancient Rome"

{adj: idyllic} excellent and delightful in all respects
"an idyllic spot for a picnic"

{adj: inaesthetic, unaesthetic} violating aesthetic canons or requirements; deficient in tastefulness or beauty
"inaesthetic and quite unintellectual"
"peered through those inaesthetic spectacles"
<-> aesthetic

{adj: incomparable, uncomparable} such that comparison is impossible; unsuitable for comparison or lacking features that can be compared
"an incomparable week of rest and pleasure"
"the computer proceeds with its incomparable logic and efficiency"
"this report is incomparable with the earlier ones because of different breakdowns of the data"
<-> comparable

{adj: independent} free from external control and constraint
"an independent mind"
"a series of independent judgments"
"fiercely independent individualism"
"an independent republic"
<-> dependent

{adj: inflectional} characterized by inflections indicating grammatical distinctions
"inflectional morphology is used to indicate number and case and tense and person etc."
<-> derivational

{adj: insightful} exhibiting insight or clear and deep perception
"an insightful parent"
"the chapter is insightful and suggestive of new perspectives"-R.C.Angell

{adj: integrated} formed into a whole or introduced into another entity
"a more closely integrated economic and political system"- Dwight D.Eisenhower
"an integrated Europe"
<-> nonintegrated

{adj: ironic, ironical} characterized by often poignant difference or incongruity between what is expected and what actually is
"madness, an ironic fate for such a clear thinker"
"it was ironical that the well-planned scheme failed so completely"

{adj: liberalistic} having or demonstrating belief in the essential goodness of man and the autonomy of the individual; favoring civil and political liberties, government by law with the consent of the governed, and protection from arbitrary authority

{adj: lurid, shocking} glaringly vivid and graphic; marked by sensationalism
"lurid details of the accident"

{adj: lyric} used of a singer or singing voice that is light in volume and modest in range
"a lyric soprano"
<-> dramatic

{adj: majestic, olympian} majestic in manner or bearing; superior to mundane matters
"his majestic presence"
"olympian detachment"
"olympian beauty and serene composure"

{adj: manic-depressive} suffering from a disorder characterized by alternating mania and depression

{adj: matter-of-fact, prosaic} not fanciful or imaginative
"local guides describe the history of various places in matter-of-fact tones"
"a prosaic and unimaginative essay"

{adj: meaty, substantive} being on topic and prompting thought
"a meaty discussion"

{adj: medieval, mediaeval, gothic} as if belonging to the Middle Ages; old-fashioned and unenlightened
"a medieval attitude toward dating"

{adj: melodramatic} having the excitement and emotional appeal of melodrama
"a melodramatic account of two perilous days at sea"

{adj: mesomorphic, muscular} having a robust muscular body-build characterized by predominance of structures (bone and muscle and connective tissue) developed from the embryonic mesodermal layer
<-> ectomorphic, endomorphic

{adj: microcephalic, microcephalous, nanocephalic} having an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
"a nanocephalic dwarf"

{adj: middle Atlantic, mid-Atlantic} of a region of the United States generally including Delaware; Maryland; Virginia; and usually New York; Pennsylvania; New Jersey
"mid-Atlantic states"

{adj: middle} of a stage in the development of a language or literature between earlier and later stages
"Middle English is the English language from about 1100 to 1500"
"Middle Gaelic"
<-> late, early

{adj: mind-expanding} (of hallucinogenic drugs) giving a sense of heightened or broader awareness

{adj: modern} characteristic of present-day art and music and literature and architecture

{adj: monistic} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of monism
"the monistic school would regard national law and international law as an integrated whole"- J.S.Roucek

{adj: monotonic, monotone} of a sequence or function; consistently increasing and never decreasing or consistently decreasing and never increasing in value
<-> nonmonotonic

{adj: morganatic, left-handed} (of marriages) of a marriage between one of royal or noble birth and one of lower rank; valid but with the understanding that the rank of the inferior remains unchanged and offspring do not succeed to titles or property of the superior

{adj: morphologic, morphological, structural} relating to or concerned with the morphology of plants and animals
"morphological differences"

{adj: necromantic} given to or produced by or used in the art of conjuring up the dead
"a necromantic sorcerer"
"necromantic delusions"
"necromantic powders and other weird objects"

{adj: negro} relating to or characteristic of or being a member of the traditional racial division of mankind having brown to black pigmentation and tightly curled hair

{adj: nonproprietary} not protected by trademark or patent or copyright
"nonproprietary products are in the public domain and anyone can produce or distribute them"
<-> proprietary

{adj: normal} conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal
"serve wine at normal room temperature"
"normal diplomatic relations"
"normal working hours"
"normal word order"
"normal curiosity"
"the normal course of events"
<-> abnormal

{adj: occidental, Hesperian} denoting or characteristic of countries of Europe and the western hemisphere
"occidental civilization"
"Hesperian culture"

{adj: off-road} designed for or used for or taking place on trails and beaches etc instead of public roads
"off-road vehicles such as dune buggies"
"off-road sports such as snowmobiling"

{adj: ontogenetic} of or relating to the origin and development of individual organisms
"ontogenetic development"

{adj: other} not the same one or ones already mentioned or implied
"today isn't any other day"- the White Queen
"the construction of highways and other public works"
"he asked for other employment"
"any other person would tell the truth"
"his other books are still in storage"
"then we looked at the other house"
"hearing was good in his other ear"
"the other sex"
"she lived on the other side of the street from me"
"went in the other direction"
<-> same

{adj: pacific, peaceable} disposed to peace or of a peaceful nature
"the pacific temper seeks to settle disputes on grounds of justice rather than by force"
"a quiet and peaceable person"
"in a peaceable and orderly manner"

{adj: parallel} being everywhere equidistant and not intersecting
"parallel lines never converge"
"concentric circles are parallel"
"dancers in two parallel rows"
<-> perpendicular, oblique

{adj: parlous, perilous, precarious, touch-and-go} fraught with danger
"dangerous waters"
"a parlous journey on stormy seas"
"a perilous voyage across the Atlantic in a small boat"
"the precarious life of an undersea diver"
"dangerous surgery followed by a touch-and-go recovery"

{adj: particular, peculiar, special} unique or specific to a person or thing or category
"the particular demands of the job"
"has a particular preference for Chinese art"
"a peculiar bond of sympathy between them"
"an expression peculiar to Canadians"
"rights peculiar to the rich"
"the special features of a computer"
"my own special chair"

{adj: pathetic, ridiculous, silly} inspiring scornful pity
"how silly an ardent and unsuccessful wooer can be especially if he is getting on in years"- Dashiell Hammett

{adj: peak} of a period of maximal use or demand or activity
"at peak hours the streets traffic is unbelievable"
<-> off-peak

{adj: pestilent, pestilential, pestiferous, plaguey} likely to spread and cause an epidemic disease
"a pestilential malignancy in the air"- Jonathan Swift
"plaguey fevers"

{adj: pithy, sententious} concise and full of meaning
"welcomed her pithy comments"
"the peculiarly sardonic and sententious style in which Don Luis composed his epigrams"- Hervey Allen

{adj: plagiaristic, plagiarized, plagiarised} copied and passed off as your own
"used plagiarized data in his thesis"
"a work dotted with plagiarized phrases"

{adj: pleonastic, redundant, tautologic, tautological} repetition of same sense in different words
"`a true fact' and `a free gift' are pleonastic expressions"
"the phrase `a beginner who has just started' is tautological"
"at the risk of being redundant I return to my original proposition"- J.B.Conant

{adj: politic, smooth, suave, bland} smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication
"he was too politic to quarrel with so important a personage"
"the hostess averted a confrontation between two guests with a diplomatic change of subject"
"the manager pacified the customer with a smooth apology for the error"
"affable, suave, moderate men...smugly convinced of their respectability" - Ezra Pound

{adj: politic} marked by artful prudence, expedience, and shrewdness
"it is neither polite nor politic to get into other people's quarrels"
"a politic decision"
"a politic manager"
"a politic old scoundrel"
"a shrewd and politic reply"
<-> impolitic

{adj: polymorphic, polymorphous} having or occurring in several distinct forms
"man is both polymorphic and polytypic"
"a polymorphous god"

{adj: pornographic} designed to arouse lust
"pornographic films and magazines"

{adj: positive} characterized by or displaying affirmation or acceptance or certainty etc.
"a positive attitude"
"the reviews were all positive"
"a positive benefit"
"a positive demand"
<-> negative, neutral

{adj: protanopic, red-blind} inability to see the color red or to distinguish red and bluish-green

{adj: provincial} characteristic of the provinces or their people
"deeply provincial and conformist"
"in that well-educated company I felt uncomfortably provincial"
"narrow provincial attitudes"
<-> cosmopolitan

{adj: psychedelic} (of a mental state) characterized by intense and distorted perceptions and hallucinations and feelings of euphoria or sometimes despair
"a psychedelic experience"

{adj: psychedelic} producing distorted sensory perceptions and feelings or altered states of awareness or sometimes states resembling psychosis
"psychedelic drugs like psilocybin and mescaline"

{adj: psychogenetic} of or relating to the origin and development of the mind

{adj: quantitative} (of verse) having a metric system based on relative duration of syllables
"in typical Greek and Latin verse of the classical period the rhymic system is based on some arrangement of long and short elements"
<-> syllabic, accentual

{adj: raucous, rowdy} disturbing the public peace; loud and rough
"a raucous party"
"rowdy teenagers"

{adj: representative} being or characteristic of government by representation in which citizens exercise power through elected officers and representatives
"representative government as defined by Abraham Lincoln is government of the people, by the people, for the people"

{adj: residuary} entitled to the residue of an estate (after payment of debts and specific gifts)
"the residuary part of the estate"
"the residuary beneficiary"

{adj: sardonic} disdainfully or ironically humorous; scornful and mocking
"his rebellion is the bitter, sardonic laughter of all great satirists"- Frank Schoenberner
"a wry pleasure to be...reminded of all that one is missing"- Irwin Edman

{adj: significant} too closely correlated to be attributed to chance and therefore indicating a systematic relation
"the interaction effect is significant at the .01 level"
"no significant difference was found"
<-> nonsignificant

{adj: skilled} having or showing or requiring special skill
"only the most skilled gymnasts make an Olympic team"
"a skilled surgeon has many years of training and experience"
"a skilled reconstruction of her damaged elbow"
"a skilled trade"
<-> unskilled

{adj: slashed} having long and narrow ornamental cuts showing an underlying fabric
"a slashed doublet"
"slashed cuffs showing the scarlet lining"

{adj: slavish, subservient, submissive} abjectly submissive; characteristic of a slave or servant
"slavish devotion to her job ruled her life"
"a slavish yes-man to the party bosses"- S.H.Adams
"she has become submissive and subservient"

{adj: specific} (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique
"rules with specific application"
"demands specific to the job"
"a specific and detailed account of the accident"
<-> general, nonspecific

{adj: staccato, disconnected} (music) marked by or composed of disconnected parts or sounds; cut short crisply
"staccato applause"
"a staccato command"
"staccato notes"
<-> legato

{adj: tactful, kid-glove} showing skill and sensitivity in dealing with people
"by diplomatic conduct he avoided antagonizing anyone"
"a tactful way of correcting someone"
"the agency got the kid-glove treatment on Capitol Hill"

{adj: temporal} of or relating to or limited by time
"temporal processing"
"temporal dimensions"
"temporal and spacial boundaries"
"music is a temporal art"

{adj: tenebrous, tenebrific, tenebrious} dark and gloomy
"a tenebrous cave"

{adj: thalassic} relating to the seas, especially smaller or inland seas
"deposits of sediment in gulfs and seas rather than in the ocean proper are known as thalassic deposits"- Scientific American

{adj: thick} not thin; of a specific thickness or of relatively great extent from one surface to the opposite usually in the smallest of the three solid dimensions
"an inch thick"
"a thick board"
"a thick sandwich"
"spread a thick layer of butter"
"thick coating of dust"
"thick warm blankets"
<-> thin

{adj: three-lane} having a lane for traffic in each direction and a center lane for passing

{adj: top-down} of an approach to a problem that begins at the highest conceptual level and works down to the details
"a top-down analysis might begin by looking at macro-economic trends"
"top-down programming"
<-> bottom-up

{adj: torrid} emotionally charged and vigorously energetic
"a torrid dance"
"torrid jazz bands"
"hot trumpets and torrid rhythms"

{adj: tragicomic, tragicomical} manifesting both tragic and comic aspects
"the tragicomic disparity...between's man's aspirations and his accomplishments"- B.R.Redman

{adj: tritanopic, blue-blind} inability to see the color blue or to distinguish the colors blue and yellow

{adj: uncharacteristic, uncharacteristic of} distinctive and not typical
"a book uncharacteristic of its author"
<-> characteristic

{adj: undramatic} lacking dramatic force and quality
"moved with quiet force and undramatic bearing"
<-> dramatic

{adj: unprofessional} not characteristic of or befitting a profession or one engaged in a profession
"described in unprofessional language so that high school students could understand it"
"was censured for unprofessional conduct"
"unprofessional repairs"
<-> professional

{adj: unputdownable} (of a book etc) so well written and entertaining as to be difficult to put down
"Unless the story is at once as unputdownable to a taxi driver as to a university professor it is not good enough"- Brian Burland

{adj: unsympathetic} not sympathetic or disposed toward
"unsympathetic officialdom"
"people unsympathetic to the revolution"
"his dignity made him seem aloof and unsympathetic"
<-> sympathetic

{adj: weatherproof} able to withstand exposure to weather without damage
"weatherproof electric wiring"
"a weatherproof coat"

{adj: wet} supporting or permitting the legal production and sale of alcoholic beverages
"a wet candidate running on a wet platform"
"a wet county"
<-> dry

{adj: worldly} characteristic of or devoted to the temporal world
"worldly goods and advancement"
<-> unworldly


{adv: absolutely, perfectly, utterly, dead} completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers
"an absolutely magnificent painting"
"a perfectly idiotic idea"
"you're perfectly right"
"utterly miserable"
"you can be dead sure of my innocence"
"was dead tired"
"dead right"

{adv: ambitiously, determinedly, with ambition} in an ambitious and energetic manner
"she pursued her goals ambitiously"
<-> unambitiously

{adv: defensively} in an apologetic and defensive manner
"`I felt it better you should know,' said Sir Cedric defensively"


{adv: delusively} in a deceptive and unrealistic manner
"the village looked delusively near"


{adv: devoutly, piously} in a devout and pious manner
"she was devoutly Catholic"


{adv: diagrammatically, graphically} in a diagrammatic manner
"the landscape unit drawn diagrammatically illustrates the gentle rolling relief, with a peat-filled basin"


{adv: hereinafter, hereafter, hereunder} in a subsequent part of this document or statement or matter etc.
"the landlord demises unto the tenant the premises hereinafter called the demised premises"
"the terms specified hereunder"

{adv: infrequently} not many times
"in your 1850 church you not infrequently find a dramatic contrast between the sumptuous appointments of the building itself and the inhuman barrack-like living conditions in the church room"
<-> frequently


{adv: nostalgically} in a nostalgic manner
"they spent an hour together, talking nostalgically as they wandered slowly down the coast road"


{adv: sensuously} with aesthetic gratification or delight
"sensuously delighting in the wine and food"


{adv: smoothly} in a smooth and diplomatic manner
"`And now,' he said smoothly, `we will continue the conversation'"


{adv: squarely, foursquare, straightforwardly} with firmness and conviction; without compromise
"he stood foursquare for religious liberty and toleration"- C.G.Bowers
"dealt straightforwardly with all issues"


{adv: synthetically} by synthesis; in a synthetic manner
"some of these drugs have been derived from opium and others have been produced synthetically"


{adv: thence, therefrom, thereof} from that circumstance or source
"atomic formulas and all compounds thence constructible"- W.V.Quine
"a natural conclusion follows thence"
"public interest and a policy deriving therefrom"
"typhus fever results therefrom"


{adv: underhandedly, underhand} slyly and secretly
"Mean revenge, committed underhand"- John Donne
"oldline aristocratic diplomats underhandedly undermined the attempt...to align Germany with the Western democracies"- C.G.Bowers


{adv: yonder, yon} at or in an indicated (usually distant) place (`yon' is archaic and dialectal)
"the house yonder"
"scattered here and yon"- Calder Willingham

{n: APC} a drug combination found in some over-the-counter headache remedies (aspirin and phenacetin and caffeine)

{n: Abydos} an ancient Greek colony on the Asiatic side of the Dardanelles; scene of the legend of Hero and Leander

{n: Acapulco, Acapulco de Juarez} a port and fashionable resort city on the Pacific coast of southern Mexico; known for beaches and water sports (including cliff diving)

{n: Actium} the naval battle in which Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian's fleet under Agrippa in 31 BC

{n: Adam, Robert Adam} Scottish architect who designed many public buildings in England and Scotland (1728-1792)

{n: Aegospotami, Aegospotamos} a creek emptying into the Hellespont in present-day Turkey; at its mouth in 405 BC the Spartan fleet under Lysander defeated the Athenians and ended the Peloponnesian War

{n: Aegospotami, Aegospotamos} a river in ancient Thrace (now Turkey); in the mouth of this river the Spartan fleet under Lysander destroyed the Athenian fleet in the final battle of the Peloponnesian War (404 BC)

{n: Aeolic, Eolic} the dialect of Ancient Greek spoken in Thessaly and Boeotia and Aeolis

{n: Afrikaans, Taal, South African Dutch} an official language of the Republic of South Africa; closely related to Dutch and Flemish

{n: Agavaceae, family Agavaceae, agave family, sisal family} chiefly tropical and xerophytic plants: includes Dracenaceae (Dracaenaceae); comprises plants that in some classifications are divided between the Amaryllidaceae and the Liliaceae

{n: Agrippa, Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa} Roman general who commanded the fleet that defeated the forces of Antony and Cleopatra at Actium (63-12 BC)

{n: Air Force Space Command, AFSPC} a command of the United States Air Force that is responsible for defending the United States through its space and intercontinental ballistic missile operations

{n: Akhenaton, Akhenaten, Ikhanaton, Amenhotep IV} early ruler of Egypt who rejected the old gods and replaced them with sun worship (died in 1358 BC)

{n: Alexandria senna, Alexandrian senna, true senna, tinnevelly senna, Indian senna, Senna alexandrina, Cassia acutifolia, Cassia augustifolia} erect shrub having racemes of tawny yellow flowers; the dried leaves are used medicinally as a cathartic; sometimes placed in genus Cassia

{n: Algeria, Algerie, Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria} a republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea with a population that is predominantly Sunni Muslim; colonized by France in the 19th century but gained autonomy in the early 1960s

{n: Ambrose, Saint Ambrose, St. Ambrose} (Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan; the first Church Father born and raised in the Christian faith; composer of hymns; imposed orthodoxy on the early Christian church and built up its secular power; a saint and Doctor of the Church (340?-397)

{n: American Labor Party} a former political party in the United States; formed in 1936 in New York when labor and liberals bolted the Democratic Party

{n: American agave, Agave americana} widely cultivated American monocarpic plant with greenish-white flowers on a tall stalk; blooms only after ten to twenty years and then dies

{n: American spikenard, petty morel, life-of-man, Aralia racemosa} unarmed woody rhizomatous perennial plant distinguished from wild sarsaparilla by more aromatic roots and panicled umbels; southeastern North America to Mexico

{n: Amharic, Ethiopian language} the dominant and official language of Ethiopia; a Semitic language much influenced by the Cushitic language with which Amhara have been in close contact

{n: Anaximenes} a presocratic Greek philosopher and associate of Anaximander who believed that all things are made of air in different degrees of density (6th century BC)

{n: Anderson, Philip Anderson, Philip Warren Anderson, Phil Anderson} United States physicist who studied the electronic structure of magnetic and disordered systems (1923-)

{n: Anglo-Catholicism, High Anglicanism} a doctrine and practice within the Church of England emphasizing the Catholic tradition

{n: Angus Og, Aengus, Oengus, Angus} Celtic god of love and beauty; patron deity of young men and women

{n: Antoninus, Aurelius, Marcus Aurelius, Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, Marcus Annius Verus} Emperor of Rome; nephew and son-in-law and adoptive son of Antonius Pius; Stoic philosopher; the decline of the Roman Empire began under Marcus Aurelius (121-180)

{n: Anzac} a soldier in the Australian and New Zealand army corps during World War I

{n: Apocrypha} 14 books of the Old Testament included in the Vulgate (except for II Esdras) but omitted in Jewish and Protestant versions of the Bible; eastern Christian churches (except the Coptic church) accept all these books as canonical; the Russian Orthodox church accepts these texts as divinely inspired but does not grant them the same status

{n: Aquinas, Thomas Aquinas, Saint Thomas, St. Thomas, Saint Thomas Aquinas, St. Thomas Aquinas} (Roman Catholic Church) Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology; presented philosophical proofs of the existence of God (1225-1274)

{n: Arabian Nights' Entertainment, Arabian Nights, Thousand and One Nights} a collection of folktales in Arabic dating from the 10th century

{n: Arabic alphabet} the alphabet of 28 characters derived from Aramaic and used for writing Arabic languages (and borrowed for writing Urdu)

{n: Arawn} Celtic deity who was the lord of Annwfn (the other world or the land of fairies)

{n: Aristotelianism} (philosophy) the philosophy of Aristotle that deals with logic and metaphysics and ethics and poetics and politics and natural science
"Aristotelianism profoundly influenced Western thought"

{n: Arius} a Greek who was a Christian theologian active in Alexandria and who was declared a heretic for his doctrines about God (which came to be known as Arianism) (256?-336)

{n: Armagnac} dry brandy distilled in the Armagnac district of France

{n: Armillaria ponderosa, white matsutake} a large white mushroom that develops brown stains as it ages; gills are white; odor is spicy and aromatic; collected commercially for oriental cooking the Pacific Northwest

{n: Army High Performance Computing Research Center, AHPCRC} a United States defense laboratory to conduct research in high-performance computing for defense technology applications; a partnership of government and university and industry

{n: Arnold of Brescia} Italian theologian who censured the worldly possessions of monks and the temporal power of bishops and was condemned for dogmatic errors by the Second Lateran Council (early 12th century)

{n: Arp, Jean Arp, Hans Arp} Alsatian artist and poet who was cofounder of dadaism in Zurich; noted for abstract organic sculptures (1887-1966)

{n: Artemision at Ephesus} the large temple of the Greek goddess Artemis which was begun at Ephesus in 541 BC and completed 220 years later; the temple was destroyed by the Goths in 262

{n: Aryan} (according to Nazi doctrine) a Caucasian person of Nordic descent (and not a Jew)

{n: Ascomycota, subdivision Ascomycota, Ascomycotina, subdivision Ascomycotina} a large subdivision of Eumycota including Hemiascomycetes and Plectomycetes and Pyrenomycetes and Discomycetes; sac fungi; in some classification systems considered a division of the kingdom Fungi

{n: Ashcan School, Eight} a group of United States painters founded in 1907 and noted for their realistic depictions of sordid aspects of city life

{n: Association of Southeast Asian Nations, ASEAN} an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism

{n: Athanasius, Saint Athanasius, St. Athanasius, Athanasius the Great} (Roman Catholic Church) Greek patriarch of Alexandria who championed Christian orthodoxy against Arianism; a church father, saint, and Doctor of the Church (293-373)

{n: Atlantic bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncatus} the most common dolphin of northern Atlantic and Mediterranean; often kept captive and trained to perform

{n: Atlantic croaker, Micropogonias undulatus} a silvery-bodied croaker with dark markings and tiny barbels

{n: Atlantic spiny dogfish, Squalus acanthias} destructive dogfish of the Atlantic coastal waters of America and Europe; widely used in anatomy classes

{n: Attic, Classical Greek} the dialect of Ancient Greek spoken and written in Attica and Athens

{n: Augustus, Gaius Octavianus, Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus, Octavian} Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC; defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra in 31 BC at Actium (63 BC - AD 14)

{n: Austerlitz, battle of Austerlitz} a decisive battle during the Napoleonic campaigns (1805); the French under Napoleon defeated the Russian armies of Czar Alexander I and the Austrian armies of Emperor Francis II

{n: Australian dollar} the basic unit of money in Australia and Nauru

{n: Baal} any of numerous local fertility and nature deities worshipped by ancient Semitic peoples; the Hebrews considered Baal a false god

{n: Babylonia, Chaldaea, Chaldea} an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where Daniel became a counselor to the king)

{n: Bacillariophyceae, class Bacillariophyceae, Diatomophyceae, class Diatomophyceae} marine and freshwater eukaryotic algae: diatoms

{n: Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus globigii, grass bacillus, hay bacillus} a species of bacillus found in soil and decomposing organic matter; some strains produce antibiotics

{n: Bahaism} a religion founded in Iran in 1863; emphasizes the spiritual unity of all humankind; incorporates Christian and Islamic tenets; many adherents live in the United States
"Bahaism has no public rituals or sacraments and praying is done in private"

{n: Balboa, Vasco Nunez de Balboa} Spanish explorer who in 1513 crossed the Isthmus of Darien and became the first European to see the eastern shores of the Pacific Ocean (1475-1519)

{n: Bali} an island in Indonesia east of Java; striking volcanic scenery; culture is known for elaborate dances and rituals and for handicrafts

{n: Bangladesh, People's Republic of Bangladesh, Bangla Desh, East Pakistan} a Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south; formerly part of India and then part of Pakistan; it achieved independence in 1971

{n: Banting, F. G. Banting, Sir Frederick Grant Banting} Canadian physiologist who discovered insulin with C. H. Best and who used it to treat diabetes(1891-1941)

{n: Basic English} a simplified form of English proposed for use as an auxiliary language for international communication; devised by C. K. Ogden and I. A. Richards

{n: Basil, St. Basil, Basil of Caesarea, Basil the Great, St. Basil the Great} (Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379)

{n: Bathsheba} (Old Testament) the wife of Uriah and later the wife of King David; Solomon was her son by David (circa 10th century BC)

{n: Belgian hare, leporide} red breed of domestic rabbits; hybrid between Old World rabbit and hare

{n: Belshazzar} (Old Testament) Babylonian general and son of Nebuchadnezzar II; according to the Old Testament he was warned of his doom by divine handwriting on the wall that was interpreted by Daniel (6th century BC)

{n: Beowulf} the legendary hero of an anonymous Old English epic poem composed in the early 8th century; he slays a monster and becomes king but dies fighting a dragon

{n: Berber, Arab-Berber} an ethnic minority descended from Berbers and Arabs and living in northern Africa

{n: Bering, Vitus Bering, Behring, Vitus Behring} Danish explorer who explored the northern Pacific Ocean for the Russians and discovered the Bering Strait (1681-1741)

{n: Berzelius, Jons Jakob Berzelius} Swedish chemist who discovered three new elements and determined the atomic weights of many others (1779-1848)

{n: Bhagavad-Gita, Bhagavadgita, Gita} (Hinduism) the sacred `song of God' composed about 200 BC and incorporated into the Mahabharata (a Sanskrit epic); contains a discussion between Krishna and the Indian hero Arjuna on human nature and the purpose of life

{n: Black September Movement} a former Palestinian terrorist organization (now merged with Fatah Revolutionary Council) that assassinated the Prime Minister of Jordan and during the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich killed 11 Israeli athletes

{n: Black, Joseph Black} British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799)

{n: Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius} a Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason; Boethius had a decisive influence on medieval logic (circa 480-524)

{n: Bohr, Niels Bohr, Niels Henrik David Bohr} Danish physicist who studied atomic structure and radiations; the Bohr theory of the atom accounted for the spectrum of hydrogen (1885-1962)

{n: Borneo, Kalimantan} 3rd largest island in the world; in the western Pacific north of Java; largely covered by dense jungle and rain forest; part of the Malay Archipelago

{n: Bos, genus Bos} wild and domestic cattle; in some classifications placed in the subfamily Bovinae or tribe Bovini

{n: Bougainville Trench} a depression in the floor of the Pacific Ocean between New Guinea and the Solomon Islands

{n: Brahms, Johannes Brahms} German composer who developed the romantic style of both lyrical and classical music (1833-1897)

{n: Brecht, Bertolt Brecht} German dramatist and poet who developed a style of epic theater (1898-1956)

{n: Browning, Robert Browning} English poet and husband of Elizabeth Barrett Browning noted for his dramatic monologues (1812-1889)

{n: Bruno, Giordano Bruno} Italian philosopher who used Copernican principles to develop a pantheistic monistic philosophy; condemned for heresy by the Inquisition and burned at the stake (1548-1600)

{n: Buchner, Eduard Buchner} German organic chemist who studied alcoholic fermentation and discovered zymase (1860-1917)

{n: Bureau of Diplomatic Security, DS} the bureau in the State Department that is responsible for the security of diplomats and embassies overseas

{n: Bureau of the Census, Census Bureau} the bureau of the Commerce Department responsible for taking the census; provides demographic information and analyses about the population of the United States

{n: Bush, Vannevar Bush} United States electrical engineer who designed an early analogue computer and who led the scientific program of the United States during World War II (1890-1974)

{n: CD drive} a drive that reads a compact disc and that is connected to an audio system

{n: CD player} a stand-alone piece of electronic equipment that either has its own display or attaches to a television set

{n: CD-R, compact disc recordable, CD-WO, compact disc write-once} a compact disc on which you can write only once and thereafter is read-only memory

{n: CD-ROM, compact disc read-only memory} a compact disk that is used with a computer (rather than with an audio system); a large amount of digital information can be stored and accessed but it cannot be altered by the user

{n: Caledonian Canal} a canal in northern Scotland that links North Sea with the Atlantic Ocean; runs diagonally between Moray Firth at the northeastern end and Loch Linnhe at the southwestern end; now little used

{n: Cali cartel} a drug cartel that seized control of cocaine production in Colombia in 1993; adopted techniques used by terrorist organizations (small cells and sophisticated communications equipment and close ties with politicians etc.)

{n: California Personality Inventory, CPI} a self-report personality inventory originally derived from the MMPI; consists of several hundred yes-no questions and yields scores on a number of scales including dominance and self acceptance and self control and socialization and achievement etc.

{n: California bluebell, Phacelia campanularia} annual of southern California with intricately branched stems and lax cymes of aromatic deep blue bell-shaped flowers

{n: Canis, genus Canis} type genus of the Canidae: domestic and wild dogs; wolves; jackals

{n: Cape Hatteras} a promontory on Hatteras Island off the Atlantic coast of North Carolina
"frequent storms drive ships to their destruction on Cape Hatteras"

{n: Capitol Hill, the Hill} a hill in Washington, D.C., where the Capitol Building sits and Congress meets
"they are debating the budget today on Capitol Hill"

{n: Caravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio} Italian painter noted for his realistic depiction of religious subjects and his novel use of light (1573-1610)

{n: Casualty Care Research Center, CCRC} an agency in the Department of Defense that is a national center for research on all aspects of injury control and casualty care

{n: Cayman Islands dollar} the basic unit of money in the Cayman Islands

{n: Center for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC} a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services; located in Atlanta; investigates and diagnoses and tries to control or prevent diseases (especially new and unusual diseases)

{n: Chad, Republic of Chad, Tchad} a landlocked desert republic in north-central Africa; was under French control until 1960

{n: Chaeronea} a battle in which Philip II of Macedon defeated the Athenians and Thebans (338 BC) and also Sulla defeated Mithridates (86 BC)


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