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{adj: ablative} tending to ablate; i.e. to be removed or vaporized at very high temperature
"ablative material on a rocket cone"



{adj: ablutionary, cleansing} cleansing the body by washing; especially ritual washing of e.g. hands
"ablutionary rituals"

{adj: abnormal} departing from the normal in e.g. intelligence and development
"they were heartbroken when they learned their child was abnormal"
"an abnormal personality"
<-> normal

{adj: activated, excited} (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive

{adj: activated} rendered active; e.g. rendered radioactive or luminescent or photosensitive or conductive

{adj: active, dynamic} expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water')
<-> stative

{adj: active} (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting
<-> extinct

{adj: active} (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt
"active volcanos"
<-> dormant

{adj: analytic, analytical} using or skilled in using analysis (i.e., separating a whole--intellectual or substantial--into its elemental parts or basic principles)
"an analytic experiment"
"an analytic approach"
"a keenly analytic man"
"analytical reasoning"
"an analytical mind"
<-> synthetic

{adj: antifouling} (used of e.g. coatings) protecting against accumulation of barnacles etc on underwater surfaces
"antifouling paint"
"antifouling chemicals"

{adj: autonomous, self-directed, self-reliant} (of persons) free from external control and constraint in e.g. action and judgment

{adj: avaricious, covetous, grabby, grasping, greedy, prehensile} immoderately desirous of acquiring e.g. wealth
"they are avaricious and will do anything for money"
"casting covetous eyes on his neighbor's fields"
"a grasping old miser"
"grasping commercialism"
"greedy for money and power"
"grew richer and greedier"
"prehensile employers stingy with raises for their employees"

{adj: awheel, riding} traveling by wheeled vehicle such as bicycle or automobile e.g.
"the riding public welcomed the new buses"

{adj: awned, awny} having awns i.e. bristlelike or hairlike appendages on the flowering parts of some cereals and grasses
"awned wheatgrass"
<-> awnless

{adj: bastardly, misbegot, misbegotten, spurious} born out of wedlock
"the dominions of both rulers passed away to their spurious or doubtful offspring"- E.A.Freeman

{adj: bent, crumpled, dented} of metal e.g.
"bent nails"
"a car with a crumpled front end"
"dented fenders"

{adj: biodegradable} capable of being decomposed by e.g. bacteria
"a biodegradable detergent"

{adj: blessed, blest} highly favored or fortunate (as e.g. by divine grace)
"our blessed land"
"the blessed assurance of a steady income"
<-> cursed

{adj: canonist} pertaining to or characteristic of a body of rules and principles accepted as axiomatic; e.g. "canonist communism"

{adj: cathartic, releasing} emotionally purging (of e.g. art)

{adj: chunky, dumpy, low-set, squat, squatty, stumpy} short and thick; as e.g. having short legs and heavy musculature
"some people seem born to be square and chunky"
"a dumpy little dumpling of a woman"
"dachshunds are long lowset dogs with drooping ears"
"a little church with a squat tower"
"a squatty red smokestack"
"a stumpy ungainly figure"

{adj: clastic} of or belonging to or being a rock composed of fragments of older rocks (e.g., conglomerates or sandstone)

{adj: cleared} rid of objects or obstructions such as e.g. trees and brush
"cleared land"
"cleared streets free of fallen trees and debris"
"a cleared passage through the underbrush"
"played poker on the cleared dining room table"
<-> uncleared

{adj: clear} of complexion; without such blemishes as e.g. acne
"the clear complexion of a healthy young woman"

{adj: cold} used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration
"a cold climate"
"a cold room"
"dinner has gotten cold"
"cold fingers"
"if you are cold, turn up the heat"
"a cold beer"
<-> hot

{adj: commutative} (of a binary operation) independent of order; as in e.g. "a x b = b x a"

{adj: compressed, flat} flattened laterally along the whole length (e.g., certain leafstalks or flatfishes)

{adj: cured} (used of hay e.g.) allowed to dry

{adj: cynical, misanthropic, misanthropical} believing the worst of human nature and motives; having a sneering disbelief in e.g. selflessness of others

{adj: dehiscent} (of e.g. fruits and anthers) opening spontaneously at maturity to release seeds
<-> indehiscent

{adj: developed} being changed over time so as to be e.g. stronger or more complete or more useful
"the developed qualities of the Hellenic outlook"
"they have very small limbs with only two fully developed toes on each"
<-> undeveloped

{adj: diagnostic, symptomatic} characteristic or indicative of e.g. a disease
"a diagnostic sign of yellow fever"
"diagnostic information"
"a rash symptomatic of scarlet fever"
"symptomatic of insanity"
"a rise in crime symptomatic of social breakdown"

{adj: digressive, discursive, excursive, rambling} (of e.g. speech and writing) tending to depart from the main point or cover a wide range of subjects
"amusingly digressive with satirical thrusts at women's fashions among other things"
"a rambling discursive book"
"his excursive remarks"
"a rambling speech about this and that"

{adj: disconnected, disunited, fragmented, split} having been divided; having the unity destroyed
"Congress...gave the impression of...a confusing sum of disconnected local forces"-Samuel Lubell
"a league of disunited nations"- E.B.White
"a fragmented coalition"
"a split group"

{adj: diversionary} (of tactics e.g.) likely or designed to confuse or deceive

{adj: door-to-door} (of e.g. journeys or deliveries) direct from point of origin to point of destination
"the limousine offers door-to-door service"

{adj: dormant, inactive} of e.g. volcanos; not erupting and not extinct
"a dormant volcano"
<-> active

{adj: drained} emptied or exhausted of (as by drawing off e.g. water or other liquid)
"a drained marsh"
"a drained tank"
"a drained and apathetic old man...not caring any longer about anything"
<-> undrained

{adj: eastside} of the eastern part of a city e.g. Manhattan
"the eastside silk-stocking district"

{adj: even} being level or straight or regular and without variation as e.g. in shape or texture; or being in the same plane or at the same height as something else (i.e. even with)
"an even application of varnish"
"an even floor"
"the road was not very even"
"the picture is even with the window"
<-> uneven

{adj: excitant, excitative, excitatory} (of drugs e.g.) able to excite or stimulate

{adj: exempt} (of persons) freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability (as e.g. taxes) to which others or other things are subject
"a beauty somehow exempt from the aging process"
"exempt from jury duty"
"only the very poorest citizens should be exempt from income taxes"
<-> nonexempt

{adj: extinct} (of e.g. volcanos) permanently inactive
"an extinct volcano"
<-> active

{adj: fallible, frail, imperfect, weak} having the attributes of man as opposed to e.g. divine beings
"I'm only a fallible human"
"frail humanity"

{adj: fiduciary, fiducial} relating to or of the nature of a legal trust (i.e. the holding of something in trust for another)
"a fiduciary contract"
"in a fiduciary capacity"
"fiducial power"

{adj: figured} (of e.g. fabric design) adorned with patterns
"my dress is richly figured"- Amy Lowell

{adj: fixed, frozen} incapable of being changed or moved or undone; e.g. "frozen prices"
"living on fixed incomes"

{adj: flying} done swiftly in or as if in the air; used e.g. of a racing start in which runners are already in motion as they cross the starting line
"a flying start"
"crossed the goal line with a flying leap"

{adj: focused} of an optical system (e.g. eye or opera glasses) adjusted to produce a clear image

{adj: formal} being in accord with established forms and conventions and requirements (as e.g. of formal dress)
"pay one's formal respects"
"formal dress"
"a formal ball"
"the requirement was only formal and often ignored"
"a formal education"
<-> informal

{adj: full-fledged, fully fledged} (of persons e.g.) having gained full status
"a full-fledged lawyer"
"by the age of seventeen I was a full-fledged atheist"
"sees itself as a fully fledged rival party"

{adj: glazed} (of foods) covered with a shiny coating by applying e.g. beaten egg or a sugar or gelatin mixture
"glazed doughnuts"
"a glazed ham"

{adj: groaning, moaning} making low inarticulate sound as e.g. of pain or sorrow
"the groaning wounded"
"moaning sounds in her sleep"

{adj: high-sudsing} (used of e.g. detergents) producing many suds
<-> low-sudsing

{adj: indehiscent} (of e.g. fruits) not opening spontaneously at maturity to release seeds
<-> dehiscent

{adj: indolent} (of tumors e.g) slow to heal or develop and usually painless
"an indolent ulcer"
"leprosy is an indolent infectious disease"

{adj: involved, mired} entangled or hindered as if e.g. in mire
"the difficulties in which the question is involved"
"brilliant leadership mired in details and confusion"

{adj: lamented} mourned or grieved for
"the imprint of our wise and lamented friend"- A.E.Stevenson
<-> unlamented

{adj: lax} pronounced with muscles of the tongue and jaw relatively relaxed (e.g., the vowel sound in `bet')
<-> tense

{adj: liberated} (of a gas e.g.) released from chemical combination

{adj: limber, supple} (used of e.g. personality traits) readily adaptable
"a supple mind"
"a limber imagination"

{adj: little, minuscule, small} lowercase
"little a"
"small a"
"e.e.cummings's poetry is written all in minuscule letters"

{adj: livid} (of a light) imparting a deathlike luminosity
"livid lightning streaked the sky"
"a thousand flambeaux...turned all at once that deep gloom into a livid and preternatural day"- E.A.Poe

{adj: low-sudsing} (used of e.g. detergents) producing few suds
<-> high-sudsing

{adj: magnetic, magnetized, magnetised} having the properties of a magnet; i.e. of attracting iron or steel
"the hard disk is covered with a thin coat of magnetic material"
<-> antimagnetic

{adj: mangled, mutilated} (of compositions e.g.) damaged
"a mutilated text"

{adj: masted} having or furnished with a mast; often used in combination
"probably was so masted when she set forth"- S.E.Morrison
"a three-masted bark"

{adj: mealymouthed, mealy-mouthed} hesitant to state facts or opinions simply and directly as from e.g. timidity or hypocrisy
"a mealymouthed politician"

{adj: meandering, rambling, wandering, winding} of a path e.g.
"meandering streams"
"rambling forest paths"
"the river followed its wandering course"
"a winding country road"

{adj: misguided, mistaken} wrong in e.g. opinion or judgment
"well-meaning but misguided teachers"
"a mistaken belief"
"mistaken identity"

{adj: moral} relating to principles of right and wrong; i.e. to morals or ethics
"moral philosophy"

{adj: naked} (of the eye or ear e.g.) without the aid of an optical or acoustical device or instrument
"visible to the naked eye"

{adj: noncombatant} member of armed forces whose duties do not include fighting as e.g. a chaplain or surgeon

{adj: nonparallel} (of e.g. lines or paths) not parallel; converging

{adj: normal} being approximately average or within certain limits in e.g. intelligence and development
"a perfectly normal child"
"of normal intelligence"
"the most normal person I've ever met"
<-> abnormal

{adj: odd, unmatched, unmated, unpaired} of the remaining member of a pair, of socks e.g.

{adj: open} without undue constriction as from e.g. tenseness or inhibition
"the clarity and resonance of an open tone"
"her natural and open response"

{adj: original} (of e.g. information) not secondhand or by way of something intermediary
"his work is based on only original, not secondary, sources"

{adj: partible} (of e.g. property) capable of being parted or divided
"a partible estate"

{adj: passing} allowing you to pass (e.g., an examination or inspection) satisfactorily
"a passing grade"

{adj: placoid, platelike} as the hard flattened scales of e.g. sharks

{adj: predaceous, predacious, predatory} living by or given to victimizing others for personal gain
"predatory capitalists"
"a predatory, insensate society in which innocence and decency can prove fatal"- Peter S. Prescott
"a predacious kind of animal--the early geological gangster"- W.E.Swinton

{adj: printed} written in print characters or produced by means of e.g. a printing press

{adj: quiet} of the sun; characterized by a low level of surface phenomena like sun spots e.g.
<-> active

{adj: receding} (of a hairline e.g.) moving slowly back

{adj: redemptive, redemptional, redemptory} of or relating to or resulting in redemption
"a redemptive theory about life"- E.K.Brown

{adj: repudiative} rejecting emphatically; e.g. refusing to pay or disowning
"a veto is a repudiative act"

{adj: restricted, qualified} restricted in meaning; (as e.g. `man' in `a tall man')

{adj: risen} (of e.g. celestial bodies) above the horizon
"the risen sun"

{adj: running, operative, functional, working} (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing
"in running (or working) order"
"a functional set of brakes"

{adj: sectional} relating to or based upon a section (i.e. as if cut through by an intersecting plane)
"a sectional view"
"sectional drawings"

{adj: sentient, animate} endowed with feeling and unstructured consciousness
"the living knew themselves just sentient puppets on God's stage"- T.E.Lawrence
<-> insentient

{adj: shaky, shivering, trembling} vibrating slightly and irregularly; as e.g. with fear or cold or like the leaves of an aspen in a breeze
"a quaking bog"
"the quaking child asked for more"
"quivering leaves of a poplar tree"
"with shaking knees"
"seemed shaky on her feet"
"sparkling light from the shivering crystals of the chandelier"
"trembling hands"

{adj: slack} flowing with little speed as e.g. at the turning of the tide
"slack water"

{adj: slick} made slick by e.g. ice or grease
"sidewalks slick with ice"
"roads are slickest when rain has just started and hasn't had time to wash away the oil"

{adj: spray-dried} dried by bringing a sprayed substance (e.g. milk or soap) into contact with hot air and recovering it in the form of a powder

{adj: stative} expressing existence or a state rather than an action; used of verbs (e.g. `be' or `own') and most participial adjectives
<-> active

{adj: subdivided} divided again after a first division, e.g. of a tract of land, divided into lots

{adj: substantival} of or relating to or having the nature or function of a substantive (i.e. a noun or noun equivalent)
"a substantival constituent"

{adj: sunken, submerged} under water; e.g. at the bottom of a body of water
"sunken treasure"
"a sunken ship"
<-> afloat, aground

{adj: supercharged} (of e.g. an engine) having the power increased by fitting with a supercharger

{adj: tense} pronounced with relatively tense tongue muscles (e.g., the vowel sound in `beat')
<-> lax

{adj: terminated} (of e.g. a contract or term of office) having come to an end

{adj: tonal} having tonality; i.e. tones and chords organized in relation to one tone such as a keynote or tonic
<-> atonal

{adj: trained} having acquired necessary skills by e.g. undergoing a course of study
"a trained nurse"
"a trained voice"
"trained manpower"
"psychologically trained workers"

{adj: tubal} of or relating to occurring in a tube such as e.g. the Fallopian tube or Eustachian tube
"tubal ligation"
"tubal pregnancy"

{adj: unburnished} of metals e.g.; not made shiny and smooth by friction

{adj: uncommercial} not conducive to commercial success
"might prove arty and hence uncommercial"- H.E.Clurman

{adj: unconquerable} not capable of being conquered or vanquished or overcome
"a tribute to his courage...and his unconquerable will"- R.E.Danielson
"faced unconquerable difficulties"
<-> conquerable

{adj: undocumented} lacking necessary documents (as for e.g. permission to live or work in a country)
"undocumented aliens"
"undocumented tax deductions"
<-> documented

{adj: uneven} not even or uniform as e.g. in shape or texture
"an uneven color"
"uneven ground"
"uneven margins"
"wood with an uneven grain"
<-> even

{adj: unobjective, unverifiable} (of e.g. evidence) not objective or easily verified

{adj: unprepared} without preparation; not prepared for
"unprepared remarks"
"the shock was unprepared"
"our treaty makers approached their immensely difficult problems unprepared"- R.E.Danielson
<-> prepared

{adj: unprincipled} lacking principles or moral scruples
"freedom from coarse unprincipled calumny"- A.E.Stevenson
<-> principled

{adj: unrecognizable, unrecognisable} defying recognition as e.g. because of damage or alteration

{adj: unsound} of e.g. advice

{adj: variable} (used of a device) designed so that a property (as e.g. light) can be varied
"a variable capacitor"
"variable filters in front of the mercury xenon lights"

{adj: wage-earning, working-class} working for hourly wages rather than fixed (e.g. annual) salaries
"working-class occupations include manual as well as industrial labor"

{adj: walk-in} (of e.g. closets or refrigerators) extending very far enough back to allow a person to enter
"a deep walk-in refrigerator"
"walk-in closets"

{adv: BCE, B.C.E.} of the period before the Common Era; preferred by some writers who are not Christians
"in 200 BCE"

{adv: CE, C.E., Common Era} of the period coinciding with the Christian era; preferred by some writers who are not Christians
"in 200 CE"

{adv: always, ever, e'er} at all times; all the time and on every occasion
"I will always be there to help you"
"always arrives on time"
"there is always some pollution in the air"
"ever hoping to strike it rich"
"ever busy"
<-> never

{adv: away} out of existence
"the music faded away"
"tried to explain away the affair of the letter"- H.E.Scudder
"idled the hours away"
"her fingernails were worn away"

{adv: backward, backwards} in a manner or order or direction the reverse of normal
"it's easy to get the `i' and the `e' backward in words like `seize' and `siege'"
"the child put her jersey on backward"

{adv: e'en} even

{adv: for example, for instance, e.g.} as an example
"take ribbon snakes, for example"

{adv: i.e., ie, id est} that is to say; in other words

{adv: nevermore, never again} at no time hereafter
"Quoth the raven, nevermore!" -E.A.Poe

{n: Abruzzi, Abruzzi e Molise} a mountainous region of central Italy on the Adriatic

{n: American harvest mouse, harvest mouse} any of several small greyish New World mice inhabiting e.g. grain fields

{n: American white birch, paper birch, paperbark birch, canoe birch, Betula cordifolia, Betula papyrifera} small American birch with peeling white bark often worked into e.g. baskets or toy canoes

{n: Bennett, Floyd Bennett} United States aviator who (with Richard E. Byrd) piloted the first flight over the North Pole (1890-1928)

{n: Burger, Warren Burger, Warren E. Burger, Warren Earl Burger} United States jurist appointed chief justice of the United States Supreme Court by Richard Nixon (1907-1995)

{n: Burnside, A. E. Burnside, Ambrose Everett Burnside} United States general in the American Civil War who was defeated by Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Fredericksburg (1824-1881)

{n: Byrd, Richard E. Byrd, Richard Evelyn Byrd, Admiral Byrd} explorer and United States naval officer; led expeditions to explore Antarctica (1888-1957)

{n: Ceterach, genus Ceterach} small genus of Old World ferns; superseded in some classification systems which place plants of this genus in e.g. genera Asplenium and Pleurosorus

{n: Chancellorsville} a major battle in the American Civil War (1863); the Confederates under Robert E. Lee defeated the Union forces under Joseph Hooker

{n: Culcita, genus Culcita} includes some plants usually placed in e.g. genus Dicksonia: terrestrial ferns resembling bracken; tropical America; Malaysia to Australia and Polynesia; southwestern Europe and Atlantic islands

{n: Dasht-e-Kavir, Kavir Desert, Great Salt Desert} a salt desert in north central Iran

{n: Dasht-e-Lut, Lut Desert} a desert in eastern Iran

{n: Divine Office} canonical prayers recited daily by priests (e.g. the breviary of the Roman Catholic Church)

{n: Doctorow, E. L. Doctorow, Edgard Lawrence Doctorow} United States novelist (born in 1931)

{n: Du Bois, W. E. B. Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois} United States civil rights leader and political activist who campaigned for equality for Black Americans (1868-1963)

{n: E, letter e} the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet

{n: Echinodermata, phylum Echinodermata} radially symmetrical marine invertebrates including e.g. starfish and sea urchins and sea cucumbers

{n: Escherichia coli, E. coli} a species of bacterium normally present in intestinal tract of humans and other animals; sometimes pathogenic; can be a threat to food safety

{n: Evans, Herbert McLean Evans} United States anatomist who identified four pituitary hormones and discovered vitamin E (1882-1971)

{n: Fechner's law, Weber-Fechner law} (psychophysics) the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation increases proportional to the logarithm of the stimulus intensity; based on early work by E. H. Weber

{n: Fechner, Gustav Theodor Fechner} German physicist who founded psychophysics; derived Fechner's law on the basis of early work by E. H. Weber (1801-1887)

{n: Fredericksburg, Battle of Fredericksburg} an important battle in the American Civil War (1862); the Union's army under A. E. Burnside was defeated by the Confederate army under Robert E. Lee

{n: Furnariidae, family Furnariidae} e.g. ovenbirds

{n: Gettysburg, Battle of Gettysburg} a battle of the American Civil War (1863); the defeat of Robert E. Lee's invading Confederate army was a major victory for the Union

{n: Harkat-ul-Jihad-e-Islami, Harakat ul-Jihad-I-Islami, HUJI} an extremist militant group in Pakistan occupied Kashmir that seeks an Islamic government and that has had close links and fought with the Taliban in Afghanistan

{n: Harriman, E. H. Harriman, Edward Henry Harriman} United States railway tycoon (1848-1909)

{n: Heaviside layer, Kennelly-Heaviside layer, E layer, E region} a region of the ionosphere (from 50 to 90 miles up) that reflects radio waves of medium length

{n: Heaviside, Oliver Heaviside} English physicist and electrical engineer who helped develop telegraphic and telephonic communications; in 1902 (independent of A. E. Kennelly) he suggested the existence of an atmospheric layer that reflects radio waves back to earth (1850-1925)

{n: Hemiptera, order Hemiptera} plant bugs; bedbugs; some true bugs; also includes suborders Heteroptera (true bugs) and Homoptera (e.g., aphids, plant lice and cicadas)

{n: Hoffmann, E. T. A. Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Amadeus Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Wilhelm Hoffmann} German writer of fantastic tales (1776-1822)

{n: Homobasidiomycetes, subclass Homobasidiomycetes} category used in some classification systems for various basidiomycetous fungi including e.g. mushrooms and puffballs which are usually placed in the classes Gasteromycetes and Hymenomycetes

{n: Hooker, Joseph Hooker, Fighting Joe Hooker} United States general in the Union Army who was defeated at Chancellorsville by Robert E. Lee (1814-1879)

{n: Housman, A. E. Housman, Alfred Edward Housman} English poet (1859-1936)

{n: Indian hemp, Cannabis indica} source of e.g. bhang and hashish as well as fiber

{n: Jaish-i-Mohammed, Jaish-e-Muhammad, JEM, Army of Muhammad} a terrorist organization founded in 2000; a militant Islamic group active in Kashmir and closely aligned with al-Rashid Trust; seeks to secure release of imprisoned fellow militants by kidnappings

{n: Johnston, J. E. Johnston, Joseph Eggleston Johnston} Confederate general in the American Civil War; led the Confederate troops in the West (1807-1891)

{n: Kennelly, A. E. Kennelly, Arthur Edwin Kennelly} United States electrical engineer noted for his work on the theory of alternating currents; independently of Oliver Heaviside he discovered the existence of an atmospheric layer that reflects radio waves back to earth (1861-1939)

{n: Lashkar-e-Jhangvi} a Sunni Muslim extremist group in Pakistan that collaborates with al-Qaeda; the armed wing of Sipah-e-Sahaba

{n: Lashkar-e-Omar, Al Qanoon} a terrorist organization formed in Pakistan in 2002 as a coalition of extremist Islamic militant groups including Lashkar-e-Taiba and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Jaish-e-Muhammad and elements of al-Qaeda

{n: Lashkar-e-Taiba, Lashkar-e-Toiba, Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, LET, Army of the Pure, Army of the Righteous} the most brutal terrorist group active in Kashmir; fights against India with the goal of restoring Islamic rule of India
"Lashkar-e-Toiba has committed mass murders of civilian Hindus"

{n: Lawrence, E. O. Lawrence, Ernest Orlando Lawrence} United States physicist who developed the cyclotron (1901-1958)

{n: Lawrence, T. E. Lawrence, Thomas Edward Lawrence, Lawrence of Arabia} Welsh soldier who from 1916 to 1918 organized the Arab revolt against the Turks; he later wrote an account of his adventures (1888-1935)

{n: Lee, Robert E. Lee, Robert Edward Lee} American general who led the Confederate armies in the American Civil War (1807-1870)

{n: Markaz-ud-Dawa-wal-Irshad, MDI} a Sunni organization formed in 1989 and based in Pakistan; opposes missionary groups from the United States; has Lashkar-e-Tayyiba as its armed wing

{n: Marshall, E. G. Marshall} United States actor (1914-1998)

{n: Mason, A. E. W. Mason, Alfred Edward Woodley Mason} English writer (1865-1948)

{n: Matricaria, genus Matricaria} chiefly Old World strong-smelling weedy herbs; comprises plants sometimes included in other genera: e.g. Tanacetum; Tripleurospermum

{n: Moore, G. E. Moore, George Edward Moore} English philosopher (1873-1958)

{n: Morley, E. W. Morley, Edward Morley, Edward Williams Morley} United States chemist and physicist who collaborated with Michelson in the Michelson-Morley experiment (1838-1923)

{n: Mujahidin-e Khalq Organization, MKO, MEK, People's Mujahidin of Iran} a terrorist organization formed in the 1960s by children of Iranian merchants; sought to counter the Shah of Iran's pro-Western policies of modernization and opposition to communism; following a philosophy that mixes Marxism and Islam it now attacks the Islamic fundamentalists who deposed the Shah

{n: Niger-Kordofanian, Niger-Kordofanian language} the family of languages that includes most of the languages spoken in Africa south of the Sahara; the majority of them are tonal languages but there are important exceptions (e.g., Swahili or Fula)

{n: Ohm's law} electric current is directly proportional to voltage and inversely proportional to resistance; I = E/R

{n: Old World buffalo, buffalo} any of several Old World animals resembling oxen including, e.g., water buffalo; Cape buffalo

{n: Oxford English Dictionary, O.E.D., OED} an unabridged dictionary constructed on historical principles

{n: Peary, Robert Peary, Robert E. Peary, Robert Edwin Peary} United States arctic explorer and United States naval officer who has been regarded as the first man to reach the North Pole (1856-1920)

{n: Polyporus, genus Polyporus} type genus of the Polyporaceae; includes important pathogens of e.g. birches and conifers

{n: QWERTY keyboard} the standard typewriter keyboard; the keys for Q, W, E, R, T, and Y are the first six from the left on the top row of letter keys

{n: Robert E Lee's Birthday, Robert E Lee Day, Lee's Birthday, January 19} celebrated in southern United States

{n: Russell, George William Russell, A.E.} Irish writer whose pen name was A.E. (1867-1935)

{n: Sao Thome e Principe monetary unit} monetary unit on Sao Tome e Principe

{n: Sao Tome and Principe, Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe, Sao Tome e Principe, Sao Thome e Principe, St. Thomas and Principe} island nation in the South Atlantic off the West coast of Africa; achieved independence from Portugal in 1975; has enormous offshore oil reserves

{n: Serinus, genus Serinus} Old World finches; e.g. canaries and serins

{n: Shannon, Claude Shannon, Claude E. Shannon, Claude Elwood Shannon} United States electrical engineer who pioneered mathematical communication theory (1916-2001)

{n: Sipah-e-Sahaba} a vicious sectarian organization in Pakistan that persecutes Shiite Muslims and collaborates with al-Qaeda to attack foreigners and to disrupt the government of Pakistan

{n: Smalley, Richard Smalley, Richard E. Smalley, Richard Errett Smalley} American chemist who with Robert Curl and Harold Kroto discovered fullerenes and opened a new branch of chemistry (born in 1943)

{n: Tareekh e Kasas, Movement for Revenge} an organization of Muslims in India who killed Hindus in September 2002; believed to have ties with Muslim terrorists in Pakistan

{n: Umma Tameer-e-Nau, UTN} a nongovernmental organization of Pakistani scientists that has been a supporter of terrorism; has provided information about chemical and biological and nuclear warfare to Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda and the Taliban

{n: V-E Day, 8 May 1945} the date of Allied victory in Europe, World War II

{n: Walton, E. T. S. Walton, Ernest Walton, Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton} Irish physicist who (with Sir John Cockcroft in 1931) first split an atom (1903-1995)

{n: Weber, E. H. Weber, Ernst Heinrich Weber} German physiologist who studied sensory responses to stimuli and is considered the father of psychophysics (1795-1878)

{n: Weber, Wilhelm Eduard Weber} German physicist and brother of E. H. Weber; noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1804-1891)

{n: White, E. B. White, Elwyn Brooks White} United States writer noted for his humorous essays (1899-1985)

{n: Willebrand, von Willebrand, E. A. von Willebrand, Erik von Willebrand, Erik Adolf von Willebrand} Finnish physician who first described vascular hemophilia (1870-1949)

{n: Wilson, E. O. Wilson, Edward Osborne Wilson} United States entomologist who has generalized from social insects to other animals including humans (born in 1929)

{n: acetum} a dilute solution of acetic acid that is used as a solvent (e.g. for a drug)

{n: adventitious root} root growing in an unusual location e.g. from a stem

{n: aggregate fruit, multiple fruit, syncarp} fruit consisting of many individual small fruits or drupes derived from separate ovaries within a common receptacle: e.g. blackberry; raspberry; pineapple

{n: agrypnia} a vigil before certain feasts (as e.g. Easter)

{n: air embolism, aeroembolism, gas embolism} obstruction of the circulatory system caused by an air bubble as, e.g., accidentally during surgery or hypodermic injection or as a complication from scuba diving

{n: alpha-tocopheral} a potent form of vitamin E obtained from germ oils or by synthesis

{n: alteration, modification, adjustment} the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment)

{n: amphibology, amphiboly} an ambiguous grammatical construction; e.g., `they are flying planes' can mean either that someone is flying planes or that something is flying planes

{n: amphibrach} a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed-unstressed syllables (e.g., `remember')

{n: anabolism, constructive metabolism} the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
<-> catabolism

{n: anaclisis} (psychoanalysis) relationship marked by strong dependence on others; especially a libidinal attachment to e.g. a parental figure

{n: analog computer, analogue computer} a computer that represents information by variable quantities (e.g., positions or voltages)

{n: analysis} the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father'

{n: anguid lizard} any of a small family of lizards widely distributed in warm areas; all are harmless and useful as destroyers of e.g. slugs and insects

{n: animal glue} a protein gelatin obtained by boiling e.g. skins and hoofs of cattle and horses

{n: ant lion, antlion, antlion fly} winged insect resembling a dragonfly; the larvae (doodlebugs) dig conical pits where they wait to catch e.g. ants

{n: antenna, feeler} one of a pair of mobile appendages on the head of e.g. insects and crustaceans; typically sensitive to touch and taste

{n: asparagine} a crystalline amino acid found in proteins and in many plants (e.g., asparagus)

{n: assignee} (law) the party to whom something is assigned (e.g., someone to whom a right or property is legally transferred)

{n: badness, severity, severeness} used of the degree of something undesirable e.g. pain or weather

{n: balata, gutta balata} when dried yields a hard substance used e.g. in golf balls

{n: barn spider, Araneus cavaticus} an orange and tan spider with darkly banded legs that spins an orb web daily
"the barn spider was made famous in E. B. White's book `Charlotte's Web'"

{n: beak} beaklike mouth of animals other than birds (e.g., turtles)

{n: beat generation, beats, beatniks} a United States youth subculture of the 1950s; rejected possessions or regular work or traditional dress; for communal living and psychedelic drugs and anarchism; favored modern forms of jazz (e.g., bebop)

{n: berry} a small fruit having any of various structures, e.g., simple (grape or blueberry) or aggregate (blackberry or raspberry)

{n: biosystematics, biosystematy} use of data (e.g. cytogenetic or biochemical) to assess taxonomic relations especially within an evolutionary framework

{n: blackfly, bean aphid, Aphis fabae} blackish aphid that infests e.g. beans and sugar beets

{n: bonduc nut, nicker nut, nicker seed} hard shiny grey seed of a bonduc tree; used for making e.g. jewelry

{n: bone-ash cup, cupel, refractory pot} small porous bowl made of bone ash used in assaying to separate precious metals from e.g. lead

{n: borrelia} cause of e.g. European and African relapsing fever

{n: bowstring hemp} strong fiber that resembles hemp; obtained from sansevieria and used for e.g. cordage

{n: broth, stock} liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces
"she made gravy with a base of beef stock"

{n: bubble} a hollow globule of gas (e.g., air or carbon dioxide)

{n: buff} a soft thick undyed leather from the skins of e.g. buffalo or oxen

{n: bull} mature male of various mammals of which the female is called `cow'; e.g. whales or elephants or especially cattle

{n: butterfly effect} the phenomenon whereby a small change at one place in a complex system can have large effects elsewhere, e.g., a butterfly flapping its wings in Rio de Janeiro might change the weather in Chicago

{n: byssus, beard} tuft of strong filaments by which e.g. a mussel makes itself fast to a fixed surface

{n: cachou} a scented lozenge used to sweeten the breath (e.g. to conceal the odor of tobacco)

{n: calf} young of various large placental mammals e.g. whale or giraffe or elephant or buffalo

{n: calyptra} the hood or cap covering the calyx of certain plants: e.g., the California poppy

{n: cane blight} a disease affecting the canes of various bush fruits (e.g., raspberries or currants)

{n: capsule} a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses

{n: card index, card catalog, card catalogue} an alphabetical listing of items (e.g., books in a library) with a separate card for each item

{n: casein glue} made from casein; used for e.g. plywood and cabinetwork

{n: casein} a milk protein used in making e.g. plastics and adhesives

{n: cataphatism} the religious belief that God has given enough clues to be known to humans positively and affirmatively (e.g., God created Adam `in his own image')
<-> apophatism, doctrine of analogy

{n: cataphyll} a reduced or scarcely developed leaf at the start of a plant's life (i.e., cotyledons) or in the early stages of leaf development

{n: catch crop} a crop that grows quickly (e.g. lettuce) and can be planted between two regular crops grown in successive seasons or between two rows of crops in the same season

{n: celluloid} highly flammable substance made from cellulose nitrate and camphor; used in e.g. motion-picture and X-ray film; its use has decreased with the development of nonflammable thermoplastics

{n: cherrystone, cherrystone clam} small quahog larger than a littleneck; eaten raw or cooked as in e.g. clams casino

{n: chili powder} powder made of ground chili peppers mixed with e.g. cumin and garlic and oregano

{n: chimney swift, chimney swallow, Chateura pelagica} American swift that nests in e.g. unused chimneys

{n: china clay, china stone, kaolin, kaoline, porcelain clay, terra alba} a fine usually white clay formed by the weathering of aluminous minerals (as feldspar); used in ceramics and as an absorbent and as a filler (e.g., in paper)

{n: chink} a narrow opening as e.g. between planks in a wall

{n: chondrule} small granule (of e.g. chrysolite) found in some meteoric rocks

{n: chop suey} meat or fish stir-fried with vegetables (e.g., celery, onions, peppers or bean sprouts) seasoned with ginger and garlic and soy sauce; served with rice; created in the United States and frequently served in Chinese restaurants there

{n: civilization, civilisation} a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations)
"the people slowly progressed from barbarism to civilization"

{n: clairvoyance, second sight, extrasensory perception, E.S.P., ESP} apparent power to perceive things that are not present to the senses

{n: classified stock} common stock classified as A or B where A has certain advantages (e.g., voting power) that B does not

{n: clerk} an employee who performs clerical work (e.g., keeps records or accounts)

{n: clothes moth} any of several small yellowish or buff-colored moths whose larvae eat organic matter e.g. woolens

{n: cloud} any collection of particles (e.g., smoke or dust) or gases that is visible

{n: coaster} a covering (plate or mat) that protects the surface of a table (i.e., from the condensation on a cold glass or bottle)

{n: coconut, coconut meat} the edible white meat a coconut; often shredded for use in e.g. cakes and curries

{n: colleague, confrere, fellow} a person who is member of your class or profession
"the surgeon consulted his colleagues"
"he sent e-mail to his fellow hackers"

{n: concretion} the formation of stonelike objects within a body organ (e.g., the kidneys)

{n: conductor} a substance that readily conducts e.g. electricity and heat
<-> insulator

{n: connective tissue} tissue of mesodermal origin consisting of e.g. collagen fibroblasts and fatty cells; supports organs and fills spaces between them and forms tendons and ligaments

{n: consulting service} service provided by a professional advisor (e.g., a lawyer or doctor or CPA etc.)

{n: contortion, deformation} the act of twisting or deforming the shape of something (e.g., yourself)

{n: conventicle, meetinghouse} a building for religious assembly (especially Nonconformists, e.g., Quakers)

{n: corpuscular radiation, particulate radiation} a stream of atomic or subatomic particles that may be charged positively (e.g. alpha particles) or negatively (e.g. beta particles) or not at all (e.g. neutrons)

{n: cowage} pods of the cowage plant or the stinging hairs covering them; used as a vermifuge when mixed with e.g. honey

{n: crest} a showy growth of e.g. feathers or skin on the head of a bird or other animal

{n: crumb} small piece of e.g. bread or cake

{n: cummings, e. e. cummings, Edward Estlin Cummings} United States writer noted for his typographically eccentric poetry (1894-1962)

{n: cutter} someone whose work is cutting (as e.g. cutting cloth for garments)

{n: cyclops, water flea} minute free-swimming freshwater copepod having a large median eye and pear-shaped body and long antennae used in swimming; important in some food chains and as intermediate hosts of parasitic worms that affect man e.g. Guinea worms

{n: dangling modifier, misplaced modifier} a word or phrase apparently modifying an unintended word because of its placement in a sentence: e.g., `when young' in `when young, circuses appeal to all of us'

{n: dangling participle} a participle (usually at the beginning of a sentence) apparently modifying a word other than the word intended: e.g., `flying across the country' in `flying across the country the Rockies came into view'

{n: darkling beetle, darkling groung beetle, tenebrionid} sluggish hard-bodied black terrestrial weevil whose larvae feed on e.g. decaying plant material or grain

{n: day} the period of time taken by a particular planet (e.g. Mars) to make a complete rotation on its axis
"how long is a day on Jupiter?"

{n: dead load} a constant load on a structure (e.g. a bridge) due to the weight of the supported structure itself

{n: dead metaphor, frozen metaphor} a metaphor that has occurred so often that it has become a new meaning of the expression (e.g., `he is a snake' may once have been a metaphor but after years of use it has died and become a new sense of the word `snake')

{n: degree} the seriousness of something (e.g., a burn or crime)
"murder in the second degree"
"a second degree burn"

{n: demonetization, demonetisation} ending something (e.g. gold or silver) as no longer the legal tender of a country
<-> monetization

{n: derivation} the source or origin from which something derives (i.e. comes or issues)
"he prefers shoes of Italian derivation"
"music of Turkish derivation"

{n: derv} diesel oil used in cars and lorries with diesel engines; from d(iesel) e(ngine) r(oad) v(ehicle)

{n: descriptive adjective, qualifying adjective} an adjective that ascribes to its noun the value of an attribute of that noun (e.g., `a nervous person' or `a musical speaking voice')

{n: deservingness, merit, meritoriousness} the quality of being deserving (e.g., deserving assistance)
"there were many children whose deservingness he recognized and rewarded"

{n: desiccant, drying agent, drier, sicative} a substance that promotes drying (e.g., calcium oxide absorbs water and is used to remove moisture)

{n: diet} a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan)

{n: differential diagnosis} a systematic method of diagnosing a disorder (e.g., headache) that lacks unique symptoms or signs

{n: digitigrade mammal, digitigrade} an animal that walks so that only the toes touch the ground as e.g. dogs and cats and horses
<-> plantigrade mammal

{n: direct antonym} antonyms that are commonly associated (e.g., `wet' and `dry')

{n: direct discourse, direct quotation} a report of the exact words used in a discourse (e.g., "he said `I am a fool'")
<-> indirect discourse

{n: dobra} the basic unit of money on Sao Tome e Principe

{n: domatium} a part of a plant (e.g., a leaf) that has been modified to provide protection for insects or mites or fungi

{n: downy mildew, false mildew} any of various fungi of the family Peronosporaceae parasitic on e.g. grapes and potatoes and melons

{n: drupe, stone fruit} fleshy indehiscent fruit with a single seed: e.g. almond; peach; plum; cherry; elderberry; olive; jujube

{n: due} a payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership)
"the society dropped him for non-payment of dues"

{n: duff, plum duff} a stiff flour pudding steamed or boiled usually and containing e.g. currants and raisins and citron

{n: dye, dyestuff} a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair

{n: dynamic balance} (aeronautics) the state of equilibrium in which centrifugal forces due to a rotating mass (e.g., a propeller) do not produce force in the shaft and so vibration is reduced

{n: e-commerce} commerce conducted electronically (as on the internet)

{n: east, due east, eastward, E} the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees

{n: egg} animal reproductive body consisting of an ovum or embryo together with nutritive and protective envelopes; especially the thin-shelled reproductive body laid by e.g. female birds

{n: einsteinium, Es, E, atomic number 99} a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons

{n: elderberry} berrylike fruit of an elder used for e.g. wines and jellies

{n: electronic mail, e-mail, email} (computer science) a system of world-wide electronic communication in which a computer user can compose a message at one terminal that is generated at the recipient's terminal when he logs in
<-> snail mail

{n: electronic surveillance} surveillance by electronic means (e.g. television)

{n: elementary geometry, parabolic geometry, Euclidean geometry} geometry based on Euclid's axioms: e.g., only one line can be drawn through a point parallel to another line

{n: elm, elmwood} hard tough wood of an elm tree; used for e.g. implements and furniture

{n: embolus} an abnormal particle (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot) circulating in the blood

{n: emphasis} special and significant stress by means of position or repetition e.g.

{n: enallage} a substitution of part of speech or gender or number or tense etc. (e.g., editorial `we' for `I')

{n: erythromycin, Erythrocin, E-Mycin, Ethril, Ilosone, Pediamycin} an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative

{n: eukaryote, eucaryote} an organism with cells characteristic of all life forms except primitive microorganisms such as bacteria; i.e. an organism with `good' or membrane-bound nuclei in its cells
<-> prokaryote

{n: exponential expression} a mathematical expression consisting of a constant (especially e) raised to some power

{n: extra innings} overtime play until one team is ahead at the end of an inning; e.g. baseball

{n: eye rhyme} an imperfect rhyme (e.g., `love' and `move')

{n: e} the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...

{n: fault} (sports) a serve that is illegal (e.g., that lands outside the prescribed area)
"he served too many double faults"

{n: festination} involuntary shortening of stride and quickening of gait that occurs in some diseases (e.g., Parkinson's disease)

{n: firebrat, Thermobia domestica} lives in warm moist areas e.g. around furnaces

{n: firebrick} brick made of fire clay; used for lining e.g. furnaces and chimneys

{n: fix} an exemption granted after influence (e.g., money) is brought to bear
"collusion resulted in tax fixes for gamblers"

{n: flagellum} a lash-like appendage used for locomotion (e.g., in sperm cells and some bacteria and protozoa)

{n: floater, floating policy} an insurance policy covering loss of movable property (e.g. jewelry) regardless of its location

{n: floater} a debt instrument with a variable interest rate tied to some other interest rate (e.g. the rate paid by T-bills)

{n: fox grape, Vitis labrusca} native grape of northeastern United States; origin of many cultivated varieties e.g. Concord grapes

{n: fraud in the factum} fraud that arises from a disparity between the instrument intended to be executed and the instrument actually executed; e.g., leading someone to sign the wrong contract

{n: fraud in the inducement} fraud which intentionally causes a person to execute and instrument or make an agreement or render a judgment; e.g., misleading someone about the true facts

{n: frequency band, waveband} a band of adjacent radio frequencies (e.g., assigned for transmitting radio or television signals)

{n: fricassee} pieces of chicken or other meat stewed in gravy with e.g. carrots and onions and served with noodles or dumplings

{n: fur} dense coat of fine silky hairs on mammals (e.g., cat or seal or weasel)

{n: gemma} small asexual reproductive structure in e.g. liverworts and mosses that detaches from the parent and develops into a new individual

{n: genus Chrysanthemum} in some classifications many plants usually assigned to the genus Chrysanthemum have been divided among other genera: e.g. Argyranthemum; Dendranthema; Leucanthemum; Tanacetum

{n: gleaner} someone who gathers something in small pieces (e.g. information) slowly and carefully

{n: gleba} fleshy spore-bearing inner mass of e.g. a puffball or stinkhorn

{n: grain, caryopsis} dry seedlike fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corn

{n: granadilla wood} dark red hardwood derived from the cocobolo and used in making musical instruments e.g. clarinets

{n: green olive} olives picked green and pickled in brine; infrequently stuffed with e.g. pimento

{n: groove, channel} a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record)

{n: ground roller} Madagascan roller with terrestrial and crepuscular habits that feeds on e.g. insects and worms

{n: guava} tropical fruit having yellow skin and pink pulp; eaten fresh or used for e.g. jellies

{n: hackle} long slender feather on the necks of e.g. turkeys and pheasants

{n: hand} terminal part of the forelimb in certain vertebrates (e.g. apes or kangaroos)
"the kangaroo's forearms seem undeveloped but the powerful five-fingered hands are skilled at feinting and clouting"- Springfield (Mass.) Union

{n: harvest mouse, Micromyx minutus} small reddish-brown Eurasian mouse inhabiting e.g. cornfields

{n: hen} female of certain aquatic animals e.g. octopus or lobster

{n: heteronym} two words are heteronyms if they are spelled the same way but differ in pronunciation (e.g. `bow')

{n: high command, supreme headquarters} the highest leaders in an organization (e.g. the commander-in-chief and senior officers of the military)

{n: highland, upland} elevated (e.g., mountainous) land

{n: homograph} two words are homographs if they are spelled the same way but differ in meaning (e.g. fair)

{n: homophone} two words are homophones if they are pronounced the same way but differ in meaning or spelling or both (e.g. bare and bear)

{n: house centipede, Scutigera coleoptrata} long-legged centipede common in damp places as e.g. cellars

{n: hull} persistent enlarged calyx at base of e.g. a strawberry or raspberry

{n: hydrogen bond} a chemical bond consisting of a hydrogen atom between two electronegative atoms (e.g., oxygen or nitrogen) with one side be a covalent bond and the other being an ionic bond

{n: hypermastigote} flagellate symbiotic in the intestines of e.g. termites

{n: hypodermis} layer of cells that secretes the chitinous cuticle in e.g. arthropods

{n: icecap, ice cap} a mass of ice and snow that permanently covers a large area of land (e.g., the polar regions or a mountain peak)

{n: identity theft} the co-option of another person's personal information (e.g., name, Social Security number, credit card number, passport) without that person's knowledge and the fraudulent use of such knowledge

{n: immediate constituent} a constituent of a sentence at the first step in an analysis: e.g., subject and predicate

{n: immovable bandage} a bandage of cloth impregnated with a substance (e.g., plaster of Paris) that hardens soon after it is applied

{n: immunoglobulin E, IgE} one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes

{n: imperial moth, Eacles imperialis} large American moth having yellow wings with purplish or brownish markings; larvae feed on e.g. maple and pine trees

{n: improvised explosive device, I.E.D., IED} an explosive device that is improvised

{n: indirect antonym} antonyms whose opposition is mediated (e.g., the antonymy of `wet' and `parched' is mediated by the similarity of `parched' to `dry')

{n: indirect discourse} a report of a discourse in which deictic terms are modified appropriately (e.g., "he said `I am a fool' would be modified to `he said he is a fool'")
<-> direct discourse

{n: injector} a contrivance for injecting (e.g., water into the boiler of a steam engine or particles into an accelerator etc.)

{n: ionic charge} the charge on an ion is equal to a constant charge e multiplied by an integer from 1 to 15

{n: isometry} equality of measure (e.g., equality of height above sea level or equality of loudness etc.)

{n: ivory nut, vegetable ivory, apple nut} nutlike seed of a South American palm; the hard white shell takes a high polish and is used for e.g. buttons

{n: jimmies, sprinkles} bits of sweet chocolate used as a topping on e.g. ice cream

{n: kinetic energy, K.E.} the mechanical energy that a body has by virtue of its motion

{n: kino, Pterocarpus marsupium} East Indian tree yielding a resin or extract often used medicinally and in e.g. tanning

{n: kola, kola nut, kola nut tree, goora nut, Cola acuminata} tree bearing large brown nuts containing e.g. caffeine; source of cola extract

{n: krill} shrimp-like planktonic crustaceans; major source of food for e.g. baleen whales

{n: lac} resinlike substance secreted by certain lac insects; used in e.g. varnishes and sealing wax

{n: lane} a well-defined track or path; for e.g. swimmers or lines of traffic

{n: latitude} scope for freedom of e.g. action or thought; freedom from restriction

{n: left} location near or direction toward the left side; i.e. the side to the north when a person or object faces east
"she stood on the left"
<-> right

{n: licorice root} root of licorice used in flavoring e.g. candy and liqueurs and medicines

{n: linear regression, rectilinear regression} the relation between variables when the regression equation is linear: e.g., y = ax + b

{n: live load, superload} a variable load on a structure (e.g. a bridge) such as moving traffic

{n: loanblend, loan-blend, hybrid} a word that is composed of parts from different languages (e.g., `monolingual' has a Greek prefix and a Latin root)

{n: loanword, loan} a word borrowed from another language; e.g. `blitz' is a German word borrowed into modern English

{n: lorica} a hard protective sheath as secreted by certain protoctists e.g.

{n: lucky dip} a game in which prizes (e.g., candies or coins) are concealed in a container and for a small sum a player can draw one out at random

{n: malignant hyperthermia} hereditary condition in which certain anesthetics (e.g., halothane) cause high body temperatures and muscle rigidity

{n: manila, manila paper, manilla, manilla paper} a strong paper or thin cardboard with a smooth light brown finish made from e.g. Manila hemp

{n: marine animal, marine creature, sea animal, sea creature} any of numerous animals inhabiting the sea including e.g. fishes and molluscs and many mammals

{n: marketing cost} the cost of marketing (e.g., the cost of transferring title and moving goods to the customer)

{n: markup} detailed stylistic instructions for typesetting something that is to be printed; manual markup is usually written on the copy (e.g. underlining words that are to be set in italics)

{n: marlin} large long-jawed oceanic sport fishes; related to sailfishes and spearfishes; not completely cold-blooded i.e. able to warm their brains and eyes

{n: marmite} a large pot especially one with legs used e.g. for cooking soup

{n: masher} a kitchen utensil used for mashing (e.g. potatoes)

{n: master, master copy, original} an original creation (i.e., an audio recording) from which copies can be made

{n: materials handling} act of loading and unloading and moving goods within e.g. a factory especially using mechanical devices

{n: melanin} insoluble pigments that account for the color of e.g. skin and scales and feathers

{n: membrane bone} any bone that develops within membranous tissue without previous cartilage formation; e.g. the clavicle and bones of the skull

{n: messaging, electronic messaging} the sending and processing of e-mail by computer

{n: micronutrient} a substance needed only in small amounts for normal body function (e.g., vitamins or minerals)

{n: microwave bomb, E-bomb} a bomb that explodes in midair and releases a massive burst of electromagnetic energy sufficient to disable computers and telecommunications without killing people or damaging buildings

{n: middle age} the time of life between youth and old age (e.g., between 40 and 60 years of age)

{n: millennium} (New Testament) in Revelations it is foretold that those faithful to Jesus will reign with Jesus over the earth for a thousand years; the meaning of these words have been much debated; some denominations (e.g. Jehovah's Witnesses) expect it to be a thousand years of justice and peace and happiness

{n: mil} a unit of length equal to one thousandth of an inch; used to specify thickness (e.g., of sheets or wire)

{n: monetization, monetisation} establishing something (e.g. gold or silver) as the legal tender of a country
<-> demonetization

{n: monoamine oxidase, MAO} an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of many body compounds (e.g., epinephrine and norepinephrine and serotonin)

{n: myriapod} general term for any terrestrial arthropod having an elongated body composed of many similar segments: e.g. centipedes and millipedes

{n: natural language, tongue} a human written or spoken language used by a community; opposed to e.g. a computer language
<-> artificial language

{n: natural logarithm, Napierian logarithm} a logarithm to the base e

{n: neurohormone} a hormone that is released by nerve impulses (e.g., norepinephrine or vasopressin)

{n: non prosequitur, non pros} a judgment entered in favor of the defendant when the plaintiff has not continued his action (e.g., has not appeared in court)

{n: noncombatant} a member of the armed forces who does not participate in combat (e.g. a chaplain or surgeon)

{n: nonpareil} colored beads of sugar used as a topping on e.g. candies and cookies

{n: nonvascular organism} organisms without vascular tissue: e.g. algae, lichens, fungi, mosses

{n: number agreement} agreement in number between words in the same grammatical construction (e.g., between adjectives and the nouns they modify)

{n: oil cake} mass of e.g. linseed or cottonseed or soybean from which the oil has been pressed; used as food for livestock

{n: omelet, omelette} beaten eggs or an egg mixture cooked until just set; may be folded around e.g. ham or cheese or jelly

{n: operating capital} capital available for the operations of a firm (e.g. manufacturing or transportation) as distinct from financial transactions and long-term improvements

{n: operating expense, operating cost, overhead, budget items} the expense of maintaining property (e.g., paying property taxes and utilities and insurance); it does not include depreciation or the cost of financing or income taxes

{n: order} (often plural) a command given by a superior (e.g., a military or law enforcement officer) that must be obeyed
"the British ships dropped anchor and waited for orders from London"

{n: origami} the Japanese art of folding paper into shapes representing objects (e.g., flowers or birds)

{n: outdoorsman} a person who spends time outdoors (e.g., hunting or fishing)

{n: outdoorswoman} a woman who spends time outdoors (e.g., hunting and fishing)

{n: overflow incontinence} urinary incontinence that occurs when the bladder is so full that it continually leaks urine; often attributable to a blocked urethra (e.g., due to prostate enlargement) or weak bladder muscles or nerve damage

{n: overtime period} a period of overtime play to resolve a tie; e.g. basketball

{n: parenchyma} animal tissue that constitutes the essential part of an organ as contrasted with e.g. connective tissue and blood vessels

{n: parity bit, parity, check bit} (computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error

{n: parts department} the division of a business (e.g. a service garage) the sells replacement parts

{n: pearlfish, pearl-fish} found living within the alimentary canals of e.g. sea cucumbers or between the shells of pearl oysters in or near shallow seagrass beds

{n: phi coefficient, phi correlation, fourfold point correlation} an index of the relation between any two sets of scores that can both be represented on ordered binary dimensions (e.g., male-female)

{n: phloem, bast} (botany) tissue that conducts synthesized food substances (e.g., from leaves) to parts where needed; consists primarily of sieve tubes

{n: pinwheel roll} pinwheel-shaped rolls spread with cinnamon and sugar and filled with e.g. jam before baking

{n: pizza, pizza pie} Italian open pie made of thin bread dough spread with a spiced mixture of e.g. tomato sauce and cheese

{n: plantigrade mammal, plantigrade} an animal that walks with the entire sole of the foot touching the ground as e.g. bears and human beings
<-> digitigrade mammal

{n: plastic} generic name for certain synthetic or semisynthetic materials that can be molded or extruded into objects or films or filaments or used for making e.g. coatings and adhesives

{n: pod, seedpod} a several-seeded dehiscent fruit as e.g. of a leguminous plant

{n: polygraph} a medical instrument that records several physiological processes simultaneously (e.g., pulse rate and blood pressure and respiration and perspiration)

{n: polyp} one of two forms that coelenterates take e.g. a hydra or coral: usually sedentary and has a hollow cylindrical body usually with a ring of tentacles around the mouth

{n: potato tuberworm, Phthorimaea operculella} larva of potato moth; mines in leaves and stems of e.g. potatoes and tobacco

{n: potential energy, P.E.} the mechanical energy that a body has by virtue of its position; stored energy

{n: presentness, nowness} the quality of being the present
"a study of the pastness of the present and...of the presentness of the past"- R.E.Spiller
<-> futurity, pastness

{n: price-to-earnings ratio, P/E ratio} (stock market) the price of a stock divided by its earnings

{n: proration} the proportional limitation of production or distribution of something (e.g. crude oil or natural gas) to some fractional part of the total capacity of each producer

{n: proscenium, apron, forestage} the part of a modern theater stage between the curtain and the orchestra (i.e., in front of the curtain)

{n: psocid} small winged insect living on the bark and leaves of trees and feeding on e.g. fungi and decaying plant matter

{n: pull chain} a chain (usually with a handle at the end) that is pulled in order to operate some mechanism (e.g. to flush a toilet)

{n: pump house, pumping station} a house where pumps (e.g. to irrigate) are installed and operated

{n: pyramiding} a fraudulent business practice involving some form of pyramid scheme e.g., the chain of distribution is artificially expanded by an excessive number of distributors selling to other distributors at progressively higher wholesale prices until retail prices are unnecessarily inflated

{n: radiation sickness, radiation syndrome, radiation} syndrome resulting from exposure to ionizing radiation (e.g., exposure to radioactive chemicals or to nuclear explosions); low doses cause diarrhea and nausea and vomiting and sometimes loss of hair; greater exposure can cause sterility and cataracts and some forms of cancer and other diseases; severe exposure can cause death within hours
"he was suffering from radiation"

{n: reagin} an immunoglobulin E that is formed as an antibody against allergens (such as pollen); attaches to cell membranes causing the release of histamine and other substances responsible for the local inflammation characteristic of an allergy

{n: recording} signal encoding something (e.g., picture or sound) that has been recorded

{n: refrigeration, infrigidation} the process of cooling or freezing (e.g., food) for preservative purposes

{n: relational adjective, classifying adjective} an adjective that classifies its noun (e.g., `a nervous disease' or `a musical instrument')

{n: reliever, allayer, comforter} a person who reduces the intensity (e.g., of fears) and calms and pacifies
"a reliever of anxiety"
"an allayer of fears"

{n: remoulade sauce} a mayonnaise sauce flavored with herbs and mustard and capers; served with e.g. salad and cold meat

{n: reversion} (law) an interest in an estate that reverts to the grantor (or his heirs) at the end of some period (e.g., the death of the grantee)

{n: right} location near or direction toward the right side; i.e. the side to the south when a person or object faces east
"he stood on the right"
<-> left

{n: ring, ringing, tintinnabulation} the sound of a bell ringing
"the distinctive ring of the church bell"
"the ringing of the telephone"
"the tintinnabulation that so voluminously swells from the ringing and the dinging of the bells"--E. A. Poe

{n: root climber} a plant that climbs by its adventitious roots e.g. ivy

{n: root crop} crop grown for its enlarged roots: e.g. beets; potatoes; turnips

{n: rose chafer, rose beetle, Cetonia aurata} a common metallic green European beetle: larvae feed on plant roots and adults on leaves and flowers of e.g. roses

{n: rose chafer, rose bug, Macrodactylus subspinosus} common North American beetle: larvae feed on roots and adults on leaves and flowers of e.g. rose bushes or apple trees or grape vines

{n: roundup} a summary list; as in e.g. "a news roundup"

{n: sacrifice} personnel that are sacrificed (e.g., surrendered or lost in order to gain an objective)

{n: salt cod} codfish preserved in salt; must be desalted and flaked by soaking in water and pounding; used in e.g. codfish cakes

{n: sandalwood tree, true sandalwood, Santalum album} parasitic tree of Indonesia and Malaysia having fragrant close-grained yellowish heartwood with insect repelling properties and used, e.g., for making chests

{n: sandwort} low-growing chiefly perennial plant usually with small white flowers suitable for e.g. rock gardens

{n: sapsucker} small American woodpecker that feeds on sap from e.g. apple and maple trees

{n: schedule feeding} feeding a baby or animal according to a fixed schedule (e.g., every 4 hours)

{n: sea moss} any of various red algae having graceful rose to purple fronds (e.g. dulse or carrageen)

{n: serotonin, 5-hydroxytryptamine} a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory

{n: shingle} a small signboard outside the office of a lawyer or doctor, e.g.

{n: sick list} a list of those who are ill (e.g. on a warship or in a regiment etc)

{n: simple fruit, bacca} an indehiscent fruit derived from a single ovary having one or many seeds within a fleshy wall or pericarp: e.g. grape; tomato; cranberry

{n: sisal, Agave sisalana} Mexican or West Indian plant with large fleshy leaves yielding a stiff fiber used in e.g. rope

{n: skin, rind, peel} the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit)

{n: skirmisher} someone who skirmishes (e.g., as a member of a scouting party)

{n: snail mail} any mail that is physically delivered by the postal service
"email is much faster than snail mail"
<-> electronic mail, e-mail, email

{n: snout beetle} small weevil having a prolonged snout; destructive to e.g. grains and nuts

{n: snout, rostrum} beaklike projection of the anterior part of the head of certain insects such as e.g. weevils

{n: sojourn, visit} a temporary stay (e.g., as a guest)

{n: sorbent, sorbent material} a material that sorbs another substance; i.e. that has the capacity or tendency to take it up by either absorption or adsorption

{n: souffle} light fluffy dish of egg yolks and stiffly beaten egg whites mixed with e.g. cheese or fish or fruit

{n: space} one of the areas between or below or above the lines of a musical staff
"the spaces are the notes F-A-C-E"

{n: spam, junk e-mail} unwanted e-mail (usually of a commercial nature sent out in bulk)

{n: special} a dish or meal given prominence in e.g. a restaurant

{n: spicule, spiculum} small pointed structure serving as a skeletal element in various marine and freshwater invertebrates e.g. sponges and corals

{n: split infinitive} an infinitive with an adverb between `to' and the verb (e.g., `to boldly go')

{n: spurious correlation} a correlation between two variables (e.g., between the number of electric motors in the home and grades at school) that does not result from any direct relation between them (buying electric motors will not raise grades) but from their relation to other variables

{n: stay} a thin strip of metal or bone that is used to stiffen a garment (e.g. a corset)

{n: steak tartare, tartar steak, cannibal mound} ground beef mixed with raw egg and e.g. onions and capers and anchovies; eaten raw

{n: strap hinge, joint hinge} a hinge with two long straps; one strap is fastened to the surface of a moving part (e.g., a door or lid) and the other is fastened to the adjacent stationary frame

{n: straw} plant fiber used e.g. for making baskets and hats or as fodder

{n: streptococcus, streptococci, strep} spherical Gram-positive bacteria occurring in pairs or chains; cause e.g. scarlet fever and tonsillitis

{n: stuffed cabbage} parboiled head of cabbage scooped out and filled with a hash of chopped e.g. beef or ham and baked; served with tomato or cheese sauce

{n: stuffed mushroom} mushrooms stuffed with any of numerous mixtures of e.g. meats or nuts or seafood or spinach

{n: subsection, subdivision} a section of a section; a part of a part; i.e., a part of something already divided

{n: sudden death} (sports) overtime in which play is stopped as soon as one contestant scores; e.g. football and golf

{n: summer savory, Satureja hortensis, Satureia hortensis} erect annual herb with oval leaves and pink flowers; used to flavor e.g. meats or soups or salads; southeastern Europe and naturalized elsewhere

{n: supplement, supplementation} a quantity added (e.g. to make up for a deficiency)

{n: swordfish, Xiphias gladius} large toothless marine food fish with a long swordlike upper jaw; not completely cold-blooded i.e. they are able to warm their brains and eyes: worldwide in warm waters but feed on cold ocean floor coming to surface at night

{n: symploce} repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning and another at the end of successive clauses, i.e., simultaneous use of anaphora and epistrophe

{n: tamp, tamper, tamping bar} a tool for tamping (e.g., for tamping tobacco into a pipe bowl or a charge into a drill hole etc.)

{n: tea tortrix, tortrix, Homona coffearia} small Indian moth infesting e.g. tea and coffee plants

{n: tea, Camellia sinensis} a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
"tea has fragrant white flowers"

{n: test bed} a place equipped with instruments for testing (e.g. engines or machinery or computer programs etc.) under working conditions

{n: ticket agent, booking clerk} someone who sells tickets (e.g., theater seats or travel accommodations)

{n: tiebreaker} overtime play in order to break a tie; e.g. tennis and soccer

{n: timbale} individual serving of minced e.g. meat or fish in a rich creamy sauce baked in a small pastry mold or timbale shell

{n: tipstaff} staff with a metal tip carried as a sign of office by e.g. a bailiff or constable

{n: tisane} infusion of e.g. dried or fresh flowers or leaves

{n: title, title of respect, form of address} an identifying appellation signifying status or function: e.g. `Mr.' or `General'
"the professor didn't like his friends to use his formal title"

{n: transcript, copy} a reproduction of a written record (e.g. of a legal or school record)

{n: transcription} a sound or television recording (e.g., from a broadcast to a tape recording)

{n: treponema} spirochete that causes disease in humans (e.g. syphilis and yaws)

{n: trestlework} a supporting structure composed of a system of connected trestles; for a bridge or pier or scaffold e.g.

{n: tube foot} tentacular tubular process of most echinoderms (starfish and sea urchins and holothurians) having a sucker at the end and used for e.g. locomotion and respiration

{n: twiner} someone who intertwines (e.g. threads) or forms something by twisting or interlacing

{n: unearned income, unearned revenue} personal income that you did not earn (e.g., dividends or interest or rent income)

{n: varmint, varment} any usually predatory wild animal considered undesirable; e.g., coyote

{n: vegetable tallow} a waxy fat obtained from certain plants (e.g. bayberry) and used as tallow

{n: vellum} fine parchment prepared from the skin of a young animal e.g. a calf or lamb

{n: venom} toxin secreted by animals; secreted by certain snakes and poisonous insects (e.g., spiders and scorpions)

{n: vermin} any of various small animals or insects that are pests; e.g. cockroaches or rats
"cereals must be protected from mice and other vermin"
"he examined the child's head for vermin"
"boys in the village have probably been shooting vermin"

{n: versification} a metrical adaptation of something (e.g., of a prose text)

{n: vinegar eel, vinegar worm, Anguillula aceti, Turbatrix aceti} minute eelworm that feeds on organisms that cause fermentation in e.g. vinegar

{n: vitamin E, tocopherol, E} a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body

{n: water gauge, water gage, water glass} gauge for indicating the level of water in e.g. a tank or boiler or reservoir

{n: waterbuck} any of several large African antelopes of the genus Kobus having curved ridged horns and frequenting e.g. swamps and rivers

{n: waterwheel plant, Aldrovanda vesiculosa} floating aquatic carnivorous perennial of central and southern Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia having whorls of 6 to 9 leaves ending in hinged lobes for capturing e.g. water fleas

{n: well} an enclosed compartment in a ship or plane for holding something as e.g. fish or a plane's landing gear or for protecting something as e.g. a ship's pumps

{n: whisker, vibrissa, sensory hair} a long stiff hair growing from the snout or brow of most mammals as e.g. a cat

{n: whistle, whistling} the act of signalling (e.g., summoning) by whistling or blowing a whistle
"the whistle signalled the end of the game"

{n: winder} a worker who winds (e.g., a winch or clock or other mechanism)

{n: windsock, wind sock, sock, air sock, air-sleeve, wind sleeve, wind cone, drogue} a truncated cloth cone mounted on a mast; used (e.g., at airports) to show the direction of the wind

{n: wire-puller} one who uses secret influence (i.e. pulls wires or strings) for his own ends

{n: work-in} occasion when workers continue to work as a protest against e.g. proposed dismissal or closure of the factory

{n: year} the period of time that it takes for a planet (as, e.g., Earth or Mars) to make a complete revolution around the sun
"a Martian year takes 687 of our days"

{v: blindfold} cover the eyes of (someon)e to prevent him from seeing
"the hostage was blindfolded and driven away"

{v: cast, mold, mould} form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold
"cast a bronze sculpture"

{v: check in, sign in} announce one's arrival, e.g. at hotels or airports
<-> check out

{v: drill} train in the military, e.g., in the use of weapons

{v: e-mail, email, netmail} communicate electronically on the computer
"she e-mailed me the good news"

{v: feel, sense} perceive by a physical sensation, e.g., coming from the skin or muscles
"He felt the wind"
"She felt an object brushing her arm"
"He felt his flesh crawl"
"She felt the heat when she got out of the car"

{v: flame} criticize harshly, on the e-mail

{v: get the goods} discover some bad or hidden information about
"She got the goods on her co-worker after reading his e-mail"

{v: illustrate} e.g., illustrate a book with drawings

{v: jazz up, juice up, pep up, ginger up} e.g.,make more interesting or lively
"juice up a party"
"pep up your paper"

{v: keep, maintain, hold} keep in a certain state, position, or activity ; e.g., "keep clean"
"hold in place"
"She always held herself as a lady"
"The students keep me on my toes"

{v: lay over, stop over} interrupt a journey temporarily, e.g., overnight
"We had to stop over in Venezuela on our flight back from Brazil"

{v: malinger, skulk} avoid responsibilities and duties, e.g., by pretending to be ill

{v: misplay} play incorrectly, e.g., play a wrong note

{v: paint} apply a liquid to ; e.g., paint the gutters with linseed oil

{v: reach, make, get to, progress to} reach a goal, e.g., "make the first team"
"We made it!"
"She may not make the grade"

{v: revolutionize, revolutionise, overturn} change radically
"E-mail revolutionized communication in academe"

{v: slice into, slice through} e.g., move through a body or an object with a slicing motion
"His hand sliced through the air"

{v: slur} speak disparagingly of ; e.g., make a racial slur
"your comments are slurring your co-workers"

{v: spam} send unwanted or junk e-mail

{v: take} to get into a position of having, e.g., safety, comfort
"take shelter from the storm"

{v: telecommunicate} communicate long-distance, as via the telephone or e-mail

{v: transfuse} give a transfusion (e.g., of blood) to


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