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{adj: aggressive} having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends
"an aggressive businessman"
"an aggressive basketball player"
"he was aggressive and imperious; positive in his convictions"
"aggressive drivers"
<-> unaggressive



{adj: coated} having a coating; covered with an outer layer or film; often used in combination
"coated paper has a smooth polished coating especially suitable for halftone printing"
"sugar-coated pills"
<-> uncoated

{adj: epithelial} of or belonging to the epithelium
"epithelial layer"

{adj: impermeable} preventing especially liquids to pass or diffuse through
"impermeable stone"
"an impermeable layer of scum"
"a coat impermeable to rain"
<-> permeable

{adj: mesomorphic, muscular} having a robust muscular body-build characterized by predominance of structures (bone and muscle and connective tissue) developed from the embryonic mesodermal layer
<-> ectomorphic, endomorphic

{adj: steady} not subject to change or variation especially in behavior
"a steady beat"
"a steady job"
"a steady breeze"
"a steady increase"
"a good steady ballplayer"
<-> unsteady

{adj: thick} not thin; of a specific thickness or of relatively great extent from one surface to the opposite usually in the smallest of the three solid dimensions
"an inch thick"
"a thick board"
"a thick sandwich"
"spread a thick layer of butter"
"thick coating of dust"
"thick warm blankets"
<-> thin

{adj: thin} of relatively small extent from one surface to the opposite or in cross section
"thin wire"
"a thin chiffon blouse"
"a thin book"
"a thin layer of paint"
<-> thick


{adv: all over, over} over the entire area
"the wallpaper was covered all over with flowers"
"she ached all over"
"everything was dusted over with a fine layer of soot"

{n: Appleton layer, F layer, F region} the highest region of the ionosphere (from 90 to 600 miles up) which contains the highest concentration of free electrons and is most useful for long-range radio transmission

{n: Ashe, Arthur Ashe, Arthur Robert Ashe} United States tennis player who was the first Black to win United States and English singles championships (1943-1993)

{n: Budge, Don Budge, John Donald Budge} United States tennis player who in 1938 was the first to win the Australian and French and English and United States singles championship in the same year (1915-2000)

{n: CD player} a stand-alone piece of electronic equipment that either has its own display or attaches to a television set

{n: Chinese checkers, Chinese chequers} a board game in which each player tries to move a set of marbles through a set of holes from one point of a six-pointed star to the opposite point

{n: Ellington, Duke Ellington, Edward Kennedy Ellington} United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader (1899-1974)

{n: Evert, Chris Evert, Chrissie Evert, Christine Marie Evert} United States tennis player who won women's singles titles in the United States and at Wimbledon (born in 1954)

{n: Geastrum coronatum} an earthstar with a bluish spore sac and a purplish brown gleba; at maturity the outer layer splits into rays that bend backward and elevate the spore sac

{n: Heaviside layer, Kennelly-Heaviside layer, E layer, E region} a region of the ionosphere (from 50 to 90 miles up) that reflects radio waves of medium length

{n: Heaviside, Oliver Heaviside} English physicist and electrical engineer who helped develop telegraphic and telephonic communications; in 1902 (independent of A. E. Kennelly) he suggested the existence of an atmospheric layer that reflects radio waves back to earth (1850-1925)

{n: Kennelly, A. E. Kennelly, Arthur Edwin Kennelly} United States electrical engineer noted for his work on the theory of alternating currents; independently of Oliver Heaviside he discovered the existence of an atmospheric layer that reflects radio waves back to earth (1861-1939)

{n: Laver, Rod Laver, Rodney George Laver} Australian tennis player who in 1962 was the second man to win the Australian and French and English and United States singles titles in the same year; in 1969 he repeated this feat (born in 1938)

{n: Wade, Virginia Wade} English tennis player who won may women's singles titles (born in 1945)

{n: acantholysis} a breakdown of a cell layer in the epidermis (as in pemphigus)

{n: aleurone} granular protein in outermost layer of endosperm of many seeds or cereal grains

{n: ante} (poker) the initial contribution that each player makes to the pot

{n: aquifer} underground bed or layer yielding ground water for wells and springs etc

{n: assist} (sports) the act of enabling another player to make a good play

{n: bacteria bed} layer of sand or gravel used to expose sewage effluent to air and the action of microorganisms

{n: bandsman} a player in a band (especially a military band)

{n: blastula, blastodermic vesicle} early stage of an embryo produced by cleavage of an ovum; a liquid-filled sphere whose wall is composed of a single layer of cells; during this stage (about eight days after fertilization) implantation in the wall of the uterus occurs

{n: body English} a motion of the body by a player as if to make an object already propelled go in the desired direction

{n: bulbar conjunctiva, conjunctival layer of bulb, tunica conjunctiva bulbi} the part of the conjunctiva covering the anterior face of the sclera and the surface epithelium of the cornea

{n: caliche, hardpan} crust or layer of hard subsoil encrusted with calcium-carbonate occurring in arid or semiarid regions

{n: calyx} (botany) the whorl of sepals of a flower collectively forming the outer floral envelope or layer of the perianth enclosing and supporting the developing bud; usually green

{n: cartridge, pickup} an electro-acoustic transducer that is the part of the arm of a record player that holds the needle and that is removable

{n: cassette player} electronic equipment for playing cassettes

{n: catcher} the position on a baseball team of the player who is stationed behind home plate and who catches the balls that the pitcher throws
"a catcher needs a lot of protective equipment"
"a catcher plays behind the plate"

{n: cell membrane, cytomembrane, plasma membrane} a thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell
"all cells have a cell membrane"

{n: cell wall} a rigid layer of polysaccharides enclosing the membrane of plant and prokaryotic cells; maintains the shape of the cell and serves as a protective barrier

{n: center field, centerfield} the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is expected to field balls in the central third of the outfield

{n: chromosphere} a gaseous layer of the sun's atmosphere (extending from the photosphere to the corona) that is visible during a total eclipse of the sun

{n: coat of paint} a layer of paint covering something else

{n: corolla} (botany) the whorl of petals of a flower that collectively form an inner floral envelope or layer of the perianth
"we cultivate the flower for its corolla"

{n: cribbage, crib} a card game (usually for two players) in which each player is dealt six cards and discards one or two

{n: crust, Earth's crust} the outer layer of the Earth

{n: crust, incrustation, encrustation} a hard outer layer that covers something

{n: ectoderm, exoderm, ectoblast} the outer germ layer that develops into skin and nervous tissue

{n: ectoplasm} the outer granule-free layer of cytoplasm

{n: eldest hand, elder hand} the card player on the dealer's left

{n: endoderm, entoderm, endoblast, entoblast, hypoblast} the inner germ layer that develops into the lining of the digestive and respiratory systems

{n: endothelium} an epithelium of mesoblastic origin; a thin layer of flattened cells that lines the inside of some body cavities

{n: epicarp, exocarp} outermost layer of the pericarp of fruits as the skin of a peach or grape

{n: epidermis, cuticle} the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates

{n: epiphysis} the end of a long bone; initially separated from the main bone by a layer of cartilage that eventually ossifies so the parts become fused

{n: epitaxy} growing a crystal layer of one mineral on the crystal base of another mineral in such a manner that its crystalline orientation is the same as that of the substrate

{n: error, misplay} (baseball) a failure of a defensive player to make an out when normal play would have sufficed

{n: euchre, five hundred} a card game similar to ecarte; each player is dealt 5 cards and the player making trump must take 3 tricks to win a hand

{n: exosphere} the outermost atmospheric layer

{n: flint corn, flint maize, Yankee corn, Zea mays indurata} corn having kernels with a hard outer layer enclosing the soft endosperm

{n: folium} a thin layer or stratum of (especially metamorphic) rock

{n: gambit} a chess move early in the game in which the player sacrifices minor pieces in order to obtain an advantageous position

{n: ganoin, ganoine} shiny substance that resemble enamel and is secreted by the corium of certain fishes (especially ganoid fishes) and composes the outer layer of their scales

{n: gastrula} double-walled stage of the embryo resulting from invagination of the blastula; the outer layer of cells is the ectoderm and the inner layer differentiates into the mesoderm and endoderm

{n: geological horizon} a layer of rock with a particular composition (especially of fossils); for dating the stratum

{n: germ layer} (embryology) any of the 3 layers of cells differentiated in embryos following gastrulation

{n: grandmaster} a player of exceptional or world class skill in chess or bridge

{n: halon} a compound in which the hydrogen atoms of a hydrocarbon have been replaced by bromine and other halogen atoms; very stable; used in fire extinguishers although it is thought to release bromine that depletes the ozone layer

{n: hand, deal} the cards held in a card game by a given player at any given time
"I didn't hold a good hand all evening"
"he kept trying to see my hand"

{n: hat trick} (sports) three consecutive scores by one player or three scores in one game (as in cricket or ice hockey etc.)

{n: hydrosphere} the watery layer of the earth's surface; includes water vapor

{n: hypodermis} layer of cells that secretes the chitinous cuticle in e.g. arthropods

{n: inversion} the layer of air near the earth is cooler than an overlying layer

{n: jump rope} a child's game or a cardiopulmonary exercise in which the player jumps over a swinging rope

{n: lamina} a thin plate or layer (especially of bone or mineral)

{n: land, ground, soil} material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use)
"the land had never been plowed"
"good agricultural soil"

{n: layer, bed} single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance
"slices of hard-boiled egg on a bed of spinach"

{n: layer} a hen that lays eggs

{n: layer} a relatively thin sheetlike expanse or region lying over or under another

{n: left field, leftfield} the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is expected to field balls in the left third of the outfield (looking from home plate)

{n: lucky dip} a game in which prizes (e.g., candies or coins) are concealed in a container and for a small sum a player can draw one out at random

{n: mantle, pallium} (zoology) a protective layer of epidermis in mollusks or brachiopods that secretes a substance forming the shell

{n: mantle} the layer of the earth between the crust and the core

{n: medullary sheath, myelin sheath} a layer of myelin encasing (and insulating) the axons of medullated nerve fibers

{n: melanocyte} a cell in the basal layer of the epidermis that produces melanin under the control of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone

{n: minelayer} ship equipped for laying marine mines

{n: molter, moulter} an animal (especially birds and arthropods and reptiles) that periodically shed their outer layer (feathers or cuticle or skin or hair)

{n: mouthpiece, embouchure} the aperture of a wind instrument into which the player blows directly

{n: musical chairs, going to Jerusalem} a child's game in which N players march to music around N-1 chairs; when the music abruptly stops the players scramble to sit and the player who does not find a chair is eliminated; then a chair is removed and the march resumes until only the winner is seated

{n: nuclear winter} a long period of darkness and extreme cold that scientists predict would follow a full-scale nuclear war; a layer of dust and smoke in the atmosphere would cover the earth and block the rays of the sun; most living organisms would perish

{n: old maid} a card game using a pack of cards from which one queen has been removed; players match cards and the player holding the unmatched queen at the end of the game is the loser (or `old maid')

{n: over} (cricket) the period during which a given number of balls (6 in England but 8 in Australia) are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch

{n: palpebra conjunctiva, conjunctival layer of eyelids, tunica conjunctiva palpebrarum} the part of the conjunctiva lining the posterior surface of the eyelids; continuous with the bulbar conjunctiva

{n: pisha paysha} (Yiddish) a card game for two players one of whom is usually a child; the deck is place face down with one card face upward; players draw from the deck alternately hoping to build up or down from the open card; the player with the fewest cards when the deck is exhausted is the winner

{n: pitcher, mound} the position on a baseball team of the player who throws the ball for a batter to try to hit
"he has played every position except pitcher"
"they have a southpaw on the mound"

{n: plate, crustal plate} a rigid layer of the Earth's crust that is believed to drift slowly

{n: pleurisy} inflammation of the pleura of the lungs (especially the parietal layer)

{n: poker face} a face without any interpretable expression (as that of a good poker player)

{n: radio-phonograph, radio-gramophone} electronic equipment consisting of a combination of a radio receiver and a record player

{n: raft foundation} a foundation (usually on soft ground) consisting of an extended layer of reinforced concrete

{n: record player, phonograph} machine in which rotating records cause a stylus to vibrate and the vibrations are amplified acoustically or electronically

{n: reliever, allayer, comforter} a person who reduces the intensity (e.g., of fears) and calms and pacifies
"a reliever of anxiety"
"an allayer of fears"

{n: right field, rightfield} the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is expected to field balls in the right third of the outfield (looking from home plate)

{n: run, running, running play, running game} (American football) a play in which a player attempts to carry the ball through or past the opposing team
"the defensive line braced to stop the run"
"the coach put great emphasis on running"

{n: sheathing, overlay, overlayer} protective covering consisting, for example, of a layer of boards applied to the studs and joists of a building to strengthen it and serve as a foundation for a weatherproof exterior

{n: shell} the hard usually fibrous outer layer of some fruits especially nuts

{n: shogi} a form of chess played on a board of 81 squares; each player has 20 pieces

{n: sial} the granitelike rocks that form the outermost layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and aluminum

{n: sima} rock that form the continuous lower layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and magnesium

{n: skin, rind, peel} the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit)

{n: solar constant} the rate at which radiant solar energy is received at the outer layer of the earth's atmosphere

{n: spin the plate, spin the platter} a game in which something round (as a plate) is spun on edge and the name of a player is called; the named player must catch the spinning object before it falls or pay a forfeit

{n: squamous cell} an epithelial cell that is flat like a plate and form a single layer of epithelial tissue

{n: stone, pit, endocarp} the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed
"you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking"

{n: straight poker} poker in which each player gets 5 cards face down and bets are made without drawing any further cards

{n: stratum corneum, corneum, horny layer} the outermost layer of the epidermis consisting of dead cells that slough off

{n: stratum germinativum, stratum basale, malpighian layer, rete Malpighii} the innermost layer of the epidermis

{n: stratum granulosum} the layer of epidermis just under the stratum corneum or (on the palms and soles) just under the stratum lucidum; contains cells (with visible granules) that die and move to the surface

{n: stratum lucidum} the layer of epidermis immediately under the stratum corneum in the skin of the palms and soles

{n: stud, stud poker} poker in which each player receives hole cards and the remainder are dealt face up; bets are placed after each card is dealt

{n: switch-hitter} a baseball player who can bat either right or left handed

{n: switch} a basketball maneuver; two defensive players shift assignments so that each guards the player usually guarded by the other

{n: tape player} electronic equipment for playing back magnetic tapes

{n: tennis pro, professional tennis player} someone who earns a living playing or teaching tennis

{n: testa, episperm, seed coat} protective outer layer of seeds of flowering plants

{n: thermosphere} the atmospheric layer between the mesosphere and the exosphere

{n: tinning} the application of a thin layer of soft solder to the ends of wires before soldering them
"careful tinning of the ends of wires results in a better joint when you solder them"

{n: tunic, tunica, adventitia} an enveloping or covering membrane or layer of body tissue

{n: wall, paries} (anatomy) a layer (a lining or membrane) that encloses a structure
"stomach walls"

{n: wall} a layer of material that encloses space
"the walls of the cylinder were perforated"
"the container's walls were blue"

{n: wing} a hockey player stationed in a forward position on either side

{v: call in} take a player out of a game in order to exchange for another player

{v: die} to be on base at the end of an inning, of a player

{v: emit, give out, give off} give off, send forth, or discharge ; as of light, heat, or radiation, vapor, etc.
"The ozone layer blocks some harmful rays which the sun emits"
<-> absorb

{v: encrust, incrust} form a crust or a hard layer

{v: move} change residence, affiliation, or place of employment
"We moved from Idaho to Nebraska"
"The basketball player moved from one team to another"
<-> stay

{v: pit, oppose, match, play off} set into opposition or rivalry
"let them match their best athletes against ours"
"pit a chess player against the Russian champion"
"He plays his two children off against each other"

{v: revet} face with a layer of stone or concrete or other supporting material so as to retain
"face an embankment"


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