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{adj: Donnean, Donnian} of or relating to or in the manner of John Donne



{adj: abstemious} sparing in consumption of especially food and drink
"the pleasures of the table, never of much consequence to one naturally abstemious"- John Galsworthy
<-> gluttonous

{adj: at odds, conflicting, contradictory, self-contradictory} in disagreement
"the figures are at odds with our findings"
"contradictory attributes of unjust justice and loving vindictiveness"- John Morley

{adj: attributive genitive} a word in the genitive case used as an attributive adjective
"an example of the attributive genitive is `John's' in `John's mother'"

{adj: bright, shining, shiny, sunshiny, sunny} abounding with sunlight
"a bright sunny day"
"one shining morning"- John Muir
"when it is warm and shiny"

{adj: bruising} causing mental or emotional injury
"a bruising experience"
"protected from the bruising facts of battle"- John Mason Brown

{adj: cabalistic, kabbalistic, qabalistic, cryptic, cryptical, sibylline} having a secret or hidden meaning
"cabalistic symbols engraved in stone"
"cryptic writings"
"thoroughly sibylline in most of his pronouncements"- John Gunther

{adj: compartmented} divided up or separated into compartments or isolated units
"a compartmented box"
"the protected and compartmented society of Beacon Hill"- John Mason Brown
<-> uncompartmented

{adj: connatural} similar in nature
"and mix with our connatural dust"- John Milton

{adj: coordinating, coordinative} serving to connect two grammatical constituents of identical construction
"`and' in `John and Mary' or in `John walked and Mary rode' is a coordinating conjunction; and so is `or' in `will you go or stay?'"
<-> subordinating

{adj: demonstrative of} serving to prove or demonstrate
"the oath of office is...demonstrative of the legislative opinion on this subject"- John Marshall

{adj: detailed, elaborate, elaborated} developed or executed with care and in minute detail
"a detailed plan"
"the elaborate register of the inhabitants prevented tax evasion"- John Buchan
"the carefully elaborated theme"

{adj: dicky, dickey} (British informal) faulty
"I've got this dicky heart"- John le Carre

{adj: dry, juiceless} lacking interest or stimulation; dull and lifeless
"a dry book"
"a dry lecture filled with trivial details"
"dull and juiceless as only book knowledge can be when it is unrelated to...life"- John Mason Brown

{adj: eldritch, weird, uncanny, unearthly} suggesting the operation of supernatural influences
"an eldritch screech"
"the three weird sisters"
"stumps...had uncanny shapes as of monstrous creatures"- John Galsworthy
"an unearthly light"
"he could hear the unearthly scream of some curlew piercing the din"- Henry Kingsley

{adj: elfin, fey} suggestive of an elf in strangeness and otherworldliness
"thunderbolts quivered with elfin flares of heat lightning"
"the fey quality was there, the ability to see the moon at midday"- John Mason Brown

{adj: inductive, inducive} inducing or influencing; leading on
"inductive to the sin of Eve"- John Milton

{adj: intrinsic, intrinsical} belonging to a thing by its very nature
"form was treated as something intrinsic, as the very essence of the thing"- John Dewey
<-> extrinsic

{adj: invested, invested with} officially endowed with authority or power
"by the Constitution...the president is invested with certain...powers"- John Marshall

{adj: involuntary, nonvoluntary, unvoluntary} not subject to the control of the will
"involuntary manslaughter"
"involuntary servitude"
"an involuntary shudder"
"It (becoming a hero) was involuntary. They sank my boat"- John F.Kennedy
<-> voluntary

{adj: multiform} occurring in or having many forms or shapes or appearances
"the multiform universe of nature and man"- John Dewey
<-> uniform

{adj: obscure, vague} not clearly understood or expressed
"an obscure turn of phrase"
"an impulse to go off and fight certain obscure battles of his own spirit"-Anatole Broyard
"their descriptions of human behavior become vague, dull, and unclear"- P.A.Sorokin
"vague...forms of speech...have so long passed for mysteries of science"- John Locke

{adj: technical} of or relating to proficiency in a practical skill
"no amount of technical skill and craftsmanship can take the place of vital interest"- John Dewey


{adv: in short order} without delay
"John got ready in short order"

{adv: offhand, offhanded, offhandedly} in a casually inconsiderate manner
"replied offhand, his mind a million miles away"
"she threw him over offhandedly without even a Dear-John letter"


{adv: peculiarly, particularly} uniquely or characteristically
"these peculiarly cinematic elements"
"a peculiarly French phenomenon"
"everyone has a moment in history which belongs particularly to him"- John Knowles

{n: Arminianism} 17th century theology (named after its founder Jacobus Arminius) that opposes the absolute predestinarianism of John Calvin and holds that human free will is compatible with God's sovereignty

{n: Astor, John Jacob Astor} United States capitalist (born in Germany) who made a fortune in fur trading (1763-1848)

{n: Audubon, John James Audubon} United States ornithologist and artist (born in Haiti) noted for his paintings of birds of America (1785-1851)

{n: Barth, John Barth, John Simmons Barth} United States novelist (born in 1930)

{n: Beatles} a rock group from Liverpool who between 1962 and 1970 produced a variety of hit songs and albums (most of it written by Paul McCartney and John Lennon)

{n: Browning, John M. Browning, John Moses Browning} United States inventor of firearms (especially automatic pistols and repeating rifles and a machine gun called the Peacemaker) (1855-1926)

{n: Bryan, William Jennings Bryan, Great Commoner, Boy Orator of the Platte} United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)

{n: Budge, Don Budge, John Donald Budge} United States tennis player who in 1938 was the first to win the Australian and French and English and United States singles championship in the same year (1915-2000)

{n: Burgoyne, John Burgoyne, Gentleman Johnny} British general in the American Revolution who captured Fort Ticonderoga but lost the battle of Saratoga in 1777 (1722-1792)

{n: Cabot, John Cabot, Giovanni Cabato} Italian explorer who led the English expedition in 1497 that discovered the mainland of North America and explored the coast from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland (ca. 1450-1498)

{n: Cabot, Sebastian Cabot} son of John Cabot who was born in Italy and who led an English expedition in search of the Northwest Passage and a Spanish expedition that explored the La Plata region of Brazil; in 1544 he published a map of the world (1476-1557)

{n: Calvin, John Calvin, Jean Cauvin, Jean Caulvin, Jean Chauvin} Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith) defined Presbyterianism (1509-1564)

{n: Calvinistic Baptist, Particular Baptist} group of Baptist congregations believing the teachings of the French theologian John Calvin who believed in strict predetermination

{n: Carrere, John Merven Carrere} United States architect who with his partner Thomas Hastings designed many important public buildings (1858-1911)

{n: Church Father, Father of the Church, Father} (Christianity) any of about 70 theologians in the period from the 2nd to the 7th century whose writing established and confirmed official church doctrine; in the Roman Catholic Church some were later declared saints and became Doctor of the Church; the best known Latin Church Fathers are Ambrose, Augustine, Gregory the Great, and Jerome; those who wrote in Greek include Athanasius, Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, and John Chrysostom

{n: Churchill, John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, First Duke of Marlborough} English general considered one of the greatest generals in history (1650-1722)

{n: Cockcroft, Sir John Cockcroft, Sir John Douglas Cockcroft} British physicist who (with Ernest Walton in 1931) first split an atom (1897-1967)

{n: Commodore John Barry Bridge} a cantilever bridge in Chester, Pennsylvania

{n: Deere, John Deere} United States industrialist who manufactured plows suitable for working the prairie soil (1804-1886)

{n: Dickens, Charles Dickens, Charles John Huffam Dickens} English writer whose novels depicted and criticized social injustice (1812-1870)

{n: Dos Passos, John Dos Passos, John Roderigo Dos Passos} United States novelist remembered for his portrayal of life in the United States (1896-1970)

{n: Drew, John Drew} United States actor (born in Ireland); father of Georgiana Emma Barrymore (1827-1862)

{n: Duns Scotus, John Duns Scotus} Scottish theologian who was very influential in the Middle Ages (1265-1308)

{n: Eccles, John Eccles, Sir John Carew Eccles} Australian physiologist noted for his research on the conduction of impulses by nerve cells (1903-1997)

{n: Endecott, Endicott, John Endecott, John Endicott} born in England; in 1629 he became the founder of the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1588-1665)

{n: Evangelist} (when capitalized) any of the spiritual leaders who are assumed to be authors of the Gospels in the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

{n: Evans, Arthur Evans, Sir Arthur John Evans} British archaeologist who excavated the palace of Knossos in Crete to find what he called Minoan civilization (1851-1941)

{n: Falstaff, Sir John Falstaff} a dissolute character in Shakespeare's plays

{n: First Epistle of John, I John} the first New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle

{n: Firth, J. R. Firth, John Rupert Firth} English linguist who contributed to linguistic semantics and to prosodic phonology and who was noted for his insistence on studying both sound and meaning in context (1890-1960)

{n: Florio, John Florio} English lexicographer remembered for his Italian and English dictionary (1553-1625)

{n: Franklin, John Hope Franklin} United States historian noted for studies of Black American history (born in 1915)

{n: Galbraith, John Galbraith, John Kenneth Galbraith} United States economist (born in Canada) who served as ambassador to India (born in 1908)

{n: Gielgud, Sir John Gielgud, Arthur John Gielgud} English actor of Shakespearean roles who was also noted for appearances in films (1904-2000)

{n: Glenn, John Glenn, John Herschel Glenn Jr.} made the first orbital rocket-powered flight by a United States astronaut in 1962; later in United States Senate (1921-)

{n: Gospel, Gospels, evangel} the four books in the New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) that tell the story of Christ's life and teachings

{n: Haldane, John Haldane, John Scott Haldane} Scottish physiologist and brother of Richard Haldane and Elizabeth Haldane; noted for research into industrial diseases (1860-1936)

{n: Hancock, John Hancock} American revolutionary patriot who was president of the Continental Congress; was the first signer of the Declaration of Independence (1737-1793)

{n: Harpers Ferry, Harper's Ferry} a small town in northeastern West Virginia that was the site of a raid in 1859 by the abolitionist John Brown and his followers who captured an arsenal that was located there

{n: Hastings, Thomas Hastings} United States architect who formed and important architectural firm with John Merven Carrere (1860-1929)

{n: Hawkins, Hawkyns, Sir John Hawkins, Sir John Hawkyns} English privateer involved in the slave trade; later helped build the fleet that in 1588 defeated the Spanish Armada (1532-1595)

{n: Heinz, Henry John Heinz} United States industrialist who manufactured and sold processed foods (1844-1919)

{n: Hell, perdition, Inferno, infernal region, nether region, pit} (Christianity) the abode of Satan and the forces of evil; where sinners suffer eternal punishment
"Hurl'd headlong...To bottomless perdition, there to dwell"- John Milton
"a demon from the depths of the pit"
<-> Heaven

{n: Henry III} son of King John and king of England from 1216 to 1272; his incompetence aroused baronial opposition led by Simon de Montfort (1207-1272)

{n: Herschel, John Herschel, Sir John Herschel, Sir John Frederick William Herschel} English astronomer (son of William Herschel) who extended the catalogue of stars to the southern hemisphere and did pioneering work in photography (1792-1871)

{n: Huss, John Huss, Hus, Jan Hus} Czechoslovakian religious reformer who anticipated the Reformation; he questioned the infallibility of the Catholic Church was excommunicated (1409) for attacking the corruption of the clergy; he was burned at the stake (1372-1415)

{n: Huston, John Huston} United States film maker born in the United States but an Irish citizen after 1964 (1906-1987)

{n: Irving, John Irving} United States writer of darkly humorous novels (born in 1942)

{n: James, Saint James, St. James, Saint James the Apostle, St. James the Apostle} (New Testament) disciple of Jesus; brother of John; author of the Epistle of James in the New Testament

{n: John Doe, Joe Blow, Joe Bloggs, man in the street} a hypothetical average man

{n: John Doe} an unknown or fictitious man who is a party to legal proceedings

{n: John Paul I, Albino Luciano} the first Pope to assume a double name; he reigned for only 34 days (1912-1978)

{n: John Paul II, Karol Wojtyla} the first Pope born in Poland; the first Pope not born in Italy in 450 years (born in 1920)

{n: John XXIII, Angelo Guiseppe Roncalli} Italian pope from 1958 to 1963 who convoked the Second Vatican Council (1881-1963)

{n: John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster} the fourth son of Edward III who was the effective ruler of England during the close of his father's reign and during the minority of Richard II; his son was Henry Bolingbroke (1340-1399)

{n: John, Gospel According to John} the last of the four Gospels in the New Testament

{n: John, King John, John Lackland} youngest son of Henry II; King of England from 1199 to 1216; succeeded to the throne on the death of his brother Richard I; lost his French possessions; in 1215 John was compelled by the barons to sign the Magna Carta (1167-1216)

{n: Jones, Casey Jones, John Luther Jones} United States railroad engineer who died trying to stop his train from crashing into another train; a friend wrote a famous ballad describing the incident (1864-1900)

{n: Jones, John Paul Jones} American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792)

{n: Jordan, Jordan River} a river in Palestine that empties into the Dead Sea; John the Baptist baptized Jesus in the Jordan

{n: Kendrew, Sir John Cowdery Kendrew} English biologist noted for studies of the molecular structure of blood components (born in 1917)

{n: Kennedy, Jack Kennedy, John Fitzgerald Kennedy, JFK, President Kennedy, President John F. Kennedy} 35th President of the United States; established the Peace Corps; assassinated in Dallas (1917-1963)

{n: Keynes, John Maynard Keynes} English economist who advocated the use of government monetary and fiscal policy to maintain full employment without inflation (1883-1946)

{n: Keynesianism} the economic theories of John Maynard Keynes who advocated government monetary and fiscal programs intended to stimulate business activity and increase employment

{n: Knox, John Knox} Scottish theologian who founded Presbyterianism in Scotland and wrote a history of the Reformation in Scotland (1514-1572)

{n: Lawrence} a town in northeastern Kansas on the Kansas River; scene of raids by John Brown in 1856

{n: Leonard, Elmore Leonard, Elmore John Leonard, Dutch Leonard} United States writer of thrillers (born in 1925)

{n: Lewis, John L. Lewis, John Llewelly Lewis} United States labor leader who was president of the United Mine Workers of America from 1920 to 1960 and president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations from 1935 to 1940 (1880-1969)

{n: Locke, John Locke} English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)

{n: London, Jack London, John Griffith Chaney} United States writer of novels based on experiences in the Klondike gold rush (1876-1916)

{n: Macleod, John Macleod, John James Rickard Macleod} Scottish physiologist who directed the research by F. G. Banting and C. H. Best that led to the discovery of insulin (1876-1935)

{n: Magna Carta, Magna Charta, The Great Charter} the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215

{n: Major, John Major, John R. Major, John Roy Major} British statesman who was prime minister from 1990 until 1997 (born in 1943)

{n: Mandaean, Mandean} a member of a small Gnostic sect that originated in Jordan and survives in Iraq and who believes that John the Baptist was the Messiah

{n: Mandaeanism, Mandeanism} a Gnostic religion originating the 2nd and 3rd centuries that believes John the Baptist was the Messiah and that incorporates Jewish and Christian elements into a framework of dualistic beliefs

{n: McCartney, Paul McCartney, Sir James Paul McCartney} English rock star and bass guitarist and songwriter who with John Lennon wrote most of the music for the Beatles (born in 1942)

{n: McCormick, John McCormick} United States operatic tenor (born in Ireland) (1884-1945)

{n: Mercer, John Mercer} British maker of printed calico cloth who invented mercerizing (1791-1866)

{n: Midsummer Day, Midsummer's Day, St John's Day, June 24} a quarter day in England, Wales, and Ireland

{n: Mill, John Mill, John Stuart Mill} English philosopher and economist remembered for his interpretations of empiricism and utilitarianism (1806-1873)

{n: Moore, Dudley Moore, Dudley Stuart John Moore} English actor and comedian who appeared on television and in films (born in 1935)

{n: Muir, John Muir} United States naturalist (born in England) who advocated the creation of national parks (1838-1914)

{n: Napier's bones, Napier's rods} a set of graduated rods formerly used to do multiplication and division by a method invented by John Napier

{n: Napier, John Napier} Scottish mathematician who invented logarithms; introduced the use of the decimal point in writing numbers (1550-1617)

{n: Norman, Greg Norman, Gregory John Norman} Australian golfer (born in 1955)

{n: Ono, Yoko Ono} United States musician (born in Japan) who married John Lennon and collaborated with him on recordings (born in 1933)

{n: Pershing, John Joseph Pershing, Black Jack Pershing} United States general who commanded the American forces in Europe during World War I (1860-1948)

{n: Pilgrim's Progress} an allegory written by John Bunyan in 1678

{n: Pocahontas, Matoaka, Rebecca Rolfe} a Powhatan woman (the daughter of Powhatan) who befriended the English at Jamestown and is said to have saved Captain John Smith's life (1595-1617)

{n: Rayleigh, Third Baron Rayleigh, Lord Rayleigh, John William Strutt} English physicist who studied the density of gases and discovered argon; made important contributions to acoustic theory (1842-1919)

{n: Reed, John Reed} United States journalist who reported on the October Revolution from Petrograd in 1917; founded the Communist Labor Party in America in 1919; is buried in the Kremlin in Moscow (1887-1920)

{n: Rhodes, Cecil Rhodes, Cecil J. Rhodes, Cecil John Rhodes} British colonial financier and statesman in South Africa; made a fortune in gold and diamond mining; helped colonize the territory now known as Zimbabwe; he endowed annual fellowships for British Commonwealth and United States students to study at Oxford University (1853-1902)

{n: Roberts, Richard J. Roberts, Richard John Roberts} United States biochemist (born in England) honored for his discovery that some genes contain introns (born in 1943)

{n: Rockefeller, John D. Rockefeller, John Davison Rockefeller} United States industrialist who made a fortune in the oil business and gave half of it away (1839-1937)

{n: Roebling, John Roebling, John Augustus Roebling} United States engineer (born in Germany) who designed and began construction of the Brooklyn bridge (1806-1869)

{n: Ross, James Clark Ross, Sir James Clark Ross} British explorer of the Arctic and Antarctic; located the north magnetic pole in 1831; discovered the Ross Sea in Antarctica; nephew of Sir John Ross (1800-1862)

{n: Saint John, Saint John River, St. John, St. John River} a river that rises in Maine and flows northeastward through New Brunswick to empty into the Bay of Fundy

{n: Saint John, St. John} a port in eastern Canada; the largest city in New Brunswick

{n: Salome} woman whose dancing beguiled Herod into giving her the head of John the Baptist

{n: Sargent, John Singer Sargent} United States painter (born in Italy) known for his society portraits (1856-1925)

{n: Scopes trial} a highly publicized trial in 1925 when John Thomas Scopes violated a Tennessee state law by teaching evolution in high school; Scopes was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow; Scopes was convicted but the verdict was later reversed

{n: Scopes, John Scopes, John Thomas Scopes} Tennessee highschool teacher who violated a state law by teaching evolution; in a highly publicized trial in 1925 he was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan and defended by Clarence Darrow (1900-1970)

{n: Second Epistel of John, II John} the second New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle

{n: Speke, John Speke, John Hanning Speke} English explorer who with Sir Richard Burton was the first European to explore Lake Tanganyika; he also discovered Lake Victoria and named it (1827-1864)

{n: St Peter's wort, Hypericum tetrapterum, Hypericum maculatum} European perennial St John's wort; Ireland and France to western Siberia

{n: St. John's, Saint John's, capital of Antigua and Barbuda} the capital and largest city of Antigua and Barbuda; located on the island of Antigua

{n: Stanley, Henry M. Stanley, Sir Henry Morton Stanley, John Rowlands} Welsh journalist and explorer who led an expedition to Africa in search of David Livingstone and found him in Tanzania in 1871; he and Livingstone together tried to find the source of the Nile River (1841-1904)

{n: Synge, J. M. Synge, John Millington Synge, Edmund John Millington Synge} Irish poet and playwright whose plays are based on rural Irish life (1871-1909)

{n: Third Epistel of John, III John} the third New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle

{n: Thomson, Joseph John Thomson, Sir Joseph John Thomson} English physicist who experimented with the conduction of electricity through gases and who discovered the electron and determined its charge and mass (1856-1940)

{n: Tolkien, J.R.R. Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien} British philologist and writer of fantasies (born in South Africa) (1892-1973)

{n: Tyndall, John Tyndall} British physicist (born in Ireland) remembered for his experiments on the transparency of gases and the absorption of radiant heat by gases and the transmission of sound through the atmosphere; he was the first person to explain why the daylight sky is blue (1820-1893)

{n: Upjohn, Richard Upjohn} United States architect (born in England) (1802-1878)

{n: Venn, John Venn} English logician who introduced Venn diagrams (1834-1923)

{n: Virginia waterleaf, Shawnee salad, shawny, Indian salad, John's cabbage, Hydrophyllum virginianum} showy perennial herb with white flowers; leaves sometimes used as edible greens in southeastern United States

{n: Walker, John Walker} New Zealand runner who in 1975 became the first person to run a mile in less that 3 minutes and 50 seconds (born in 1952)

{n: Walton, E. T. S. Walton, Ernest Walton, Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton} Irish physicist who (with Sir John Cockcroft in 1931) first split an atom (1903-1995)

{n: Wanamaker, John Wanamaker} United States businessman whose business grew into one of the first department stores (1838-1922)

{n: Wilkes, John Wilkes} English reformer who published attacks on George III and supported the rights of the American colonists (1727-1797)

{n: Wilson, John Tuzo Wilson} Canadian geophysicist who was a pioneer in the study of plate tectonics (1908-1993)

{n: Witherspoon, John Witherspoon} American Revolutionary leader and educator (born in Scotland) who signed of the Declaration of Independence and was president of the college that became Princeton University (1723-1794)

{n: common St John's wort, tutsan, Hypericum androsaemum} deciduous bushy Eurasian shrub with golden yellow flowers and reddish-purple fruits from which a soothing salve is made in Spain

{n: demijohn} large bottle with a short narrow neck; often has small handles at neck and is enclosed in wickerwork

{n: duty, responsibility, obligation} the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force
"we must instill a sense of duty in our children"
"every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty"- John D.Rockefeller Jr

{n: eponym} the name derived from a person (real or imaginary)
"Down's syndrome is an eponym for the English physician John Down"

{n: fault} responsibility for a bad situation or event
"it was John's fault"

{n: great St John's wort, Hypericum ascyron, Hypericum pyramidatum} perennial shrub having large star-shaped yellow flowers in narrowly pyramidal cymes

{n: le Carre, John le Carre, David John Moore Cornwell} English writer of novels of espionage (born in 1931)

{n: liquor, spirits, booze, hard drink, hard liquor, John Barleycorn, strong drink} an alcoholic beverage that is distilled rather than fermented

{n: proportion, proportionality, balance} harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design)
"in all perfectly beautiful objects there is found the opposition of one part to another and a reciprocal balance"- John Ruskin

{n: relative clause} a clause introduced by a relative pronoun
"`who visits frequently' is a relative clause in the sentence `John, who visits frequently, is ill'"

{n: turn of phrase, turn of expression} a distinctive spoken or written expression
"John's succinct turn of phrase persuaded her that it would not be a good idea"

{n: wild pansy, Johnny-jump-up, heartsease, love-in-idleness, pink of my John, Viola tricolor} a common and long cultivated European herb from which most common garden pansies are derived

{n: work, piece of work} a product produced or accomplished through the effort or activity or agency of a person or thing
"it is not regarded as one of his more memorable works"
"the symphony was hailed as an ingenious work"
"he was indebted to the pioneering work of John Dewey"
"the work of an active imagination"
"erosion is the work of wind or water over time"

{v: befriend} become friends with
"John and Eric soon became friends"
"Have you made friends yet in your new environment?"

{v: believe in} have a firm conviction as to the goodness of something
"John believes in oat bran"

{v: be} be identical to ; be someone or something
"The president of the company is John Smith"
"This is my house"

{v: be} have the quality of being ; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)
"John is rich"
"This is not a good answer"

{v: buck} to strive with determination
"John is bucking for a promotion"

{v: call one's bluff} ask to prove what someone is claiming
"John called Mary's bluff when she claimed she could prove the theorem in under an hour"

{v: lead, head} travel in front of ; go in advance of others
"The procession was headed by John"

{v: precede, come before} be the predecessor of
"Bill preceded John in the long line of Susan's husbands"
<-> succeed

{v: promote, upgrade, advance, kick upstairs, raise, elevate} give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
"John was kicked upstairs when a replacement was hired"
"Women tend not to advance in the major law firms"
"I got promoted after many years of hard work"
<-> demote

{v: see double} see things as if they were there twice
"After taking the drug, John saw double"

{v: underachieve, underperform} perform less well or with less success than expected
"John consistently underachieves, although he is very able"
"My stocks underperformed last year"

{v: woo, court, romance, solicit} make amorous advances towards
"John is courting Mary"


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