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{adj: arid, desiccate, desiccated} lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless
"a technically perfect but arid performance of the sonata"
"a desiccate romance"
"a prissy and emotionless creature...settles into a mold of desiccated snobbery"-C.J.Rolo



{adj: black, bleak, dim} offering little or no hope
"the future looked black"
"prospects were bleak"
"Life in the Aran Islands has always been bleak and difficult"- J.M.Synge
"took a dim view of things"

{adj: conjoined, conjoint} consisting of two or more associated entities
"the interplay of these conjoined yet opposed factors"
"social order and prosperity, the conjoint aims of government"- J.K.Fairbank

{adj: cultural, ethnic, ethnical} denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people
"influenced by ethnic and cultural ties"- J.F.Kennedy
"ethnic food"

{adj: degage, detached, uninvolved} showing lack of emotional involvement
"adopted a degage pose on the arm of the easy chair"- J.S.Perelman
"she may be detached or even unfeeling but at least she's not hypocritically effusive"
"an uninvolved bystander"

{adj: divine, godlike} being or having the nature of a god
"the custom of killing the divine king upon any serious failure of his...powers"-J.G.Frazier
"the divine will"
"the divine capacity for love"
"'Tis wise to learn; 'tis God-like to create"-J.G.Saxe

{adj: dour, forbidding, grim} harshly uninviting or formidable in manner or appearance
"a dour, self-sacrificing life"
"a forbidding scowl"
"a grim man loving duty more than humanity"
"undoubtedly the grimmest part of him was his iron claw"- J.M.Barrie

{adj: elemental} relating to severe atmospheric conditions
"a race against hail or cold rains or some other elemental catastrophe"- J.K.Howard

{adj: encumbered} loaded to excess or impeded by a heavy load
"a summer resort...encumbered with great clapboard-and-stucco hotels"- A.J.Liebling
"a hiker encumbered with a heavy backpack"
"an encumbered estate"
<-> unencumbered

{adj: impotent} lacking power or ability
"Technology without morality is barbarous; morality without technology is impotent"- Freeman J.Dyson
"felt impotent rage"
<-> potent

{adj: leisured} free from duties or responsibilities
"he writes in his leisure hours"
"life as it ought to be for the leisure classes"- J.J.Chapman
"even the artist and the sculptor were not regarded...as leisured men"- Ida Craven

{adj: monistic} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of monism
"the monistic school would regard national law and international law as an integrated whole"- J.S.Roucek

{adj: municipal} of or relating to the government of a municipality
"international law...only authorizes a belligerent to punish a spy under its municipal law"- J.L.kuntz

{adj: palatal, palatalized, palatalised} produced with the front of the tongue near or touching the hard palate (as `y') or with the blade of the tongue near the hard palate (as `ch' in `chin' or `j' in `gin')

{adj: phantasmagoric, phantasmagorical, surreal, surrealistic} characterized by fantastic imagery and incongruous juxtapositions
"a great concourse of phantasmagoric shadows"--J.C.Powys
"the incongruous imagery in surreal art and literature"

{adj: pleonastic, redundant, tautologic, tautological} repetition of same sense in different words
"`a true fact' and `a free gift' are pleonastic expressions"
"the phrase `a beginner who has just started' is tautological"
"at the risk of being redundant I return to my original proposition"- J.B.Conant

{adj: rare, uncommon} marked by an uncommon quality; especially superlative or extreme of its kind
"what is so rare as a day in June"-J.R.Lowell
"a rare skill"
"an uncommon sense of humor"
"she was kind to an uncommon degree"

{adj: rehabilitative} designed to accomplish rehabilitation
"from a penal to a rehabilitative philosophy"- J.B.Costello
"rehabilitative treatment"
<-> punitive

{adj: scrofulous} morally contaminated
"denounce the scrofulous wealth of the times"- J.D.Hart

{adj: unendowed} not equipped or provided
"unendowed with genius"- J.L.Lowes
<-> endowed

{adj: unnoticeable} not noticeable; not drawing attention
"her clothes were simple and unnoticeable"- J.G.Cozzens
<-> noticeable

{adj: unwary} not alert to danger or deception
"the shrieks of unwary animals taken by surprise"
"some thieves prey especially on unwary travelers"
"seduce the unwary reader into easy acquiescence"- O.J.Campbell
<-> wary

{adj: unwritten} based on custom rather than documentation
"an unwritten law"
"rites...so ancient that they well might have had their unwritten origins in Aurignacian times"- J.L.T.C.Spence
<-> written

{adv: pro tem, pro tempore} for the time being; temporarily
"accepting pro tem that hypothesis consistent with the facts"- J.W.Krutch

{n: Barrie, James Barrie, J. M. Barrie, James Matthew Barrie, Sir James Matthew Barrie} Scottish dramatist and novelist; created Peter Pan (1860-1937)

{n: Erving, Julius Erving, Julius Winfield Erving, Dr. J} United States basketball forward (born in 1950)

{n: Eysenck, Hans Eysenck, H. J. Eysenck, Hans Jurgen Eysenck} a British psychologist (born in Germany) noted for his theories of intelligence and personality and for his strong criticism of Freudian psychoanalysis

{n: Firth, J. R. Firth, John Rupert Firth} English linguist who contributed to linguistic semantics and to prosodic phonology and who was noted for his insistence on studying both sound and meaning in context (1890-1960)

{n: Gram, Hans C. J. Gram} Danish physician and bacteriologist who developed a method of staining bacteria to distinguish among them (1853-1938)

{n: Haldane, J. B. S. Haldane, John Burdon Sanderson Haldane} Scottish geneticist (son of John Haldane) who contributed to the development of population genetics; a popularizer of science and a Marxist (1892-1964)

{n: Hanks, Tom Hanks, Thomas J. Hanks} United States film actor (born in 1956)

{n: Hill, J. J. Hill, James Jerome Hill} United States railroad tycoon (1838-1916)

{n: Hoover, J. Edgar Hoover, John Edgar Hoover} United States lawyer who was director of the FBI for 48 years (1895-1972)

{n: J particle, psi particle} a neutral meson with a large mass

{n: J, letter j} the 10th letter of the Roman alphabet

{n: Jackson, Thomas Jackson, Thomas J. Jackson, Thomas Jonathan Jackson, Stonewall Jackson} general in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War whose troops at the first Battle of Bull Run stood like a stone wall (1824-1863)

{n: Johnston, J. E. Johnston, Joseph Eggleston Johnston} Confederate general in the American Civil War; led the Confederate troops in the West (1807-1891)

{n: Kronecker delta} a function of two variables i and j that equals 1 when i=j and equals 0 otherwise

{n: Maxwell, J. C. Maxwell, James Clerk Maxwell} Scottish physicist whose equations unified electricity and magnetism and who recognized the electromagnetic nature of light (1831-1879)

{n: Mitchell, R. J. Mitchell, Reginald Joseph Mitchell} English aeronautical engineer (1895-1937)

{n: Morgan, J. P. Morgan, John Pierpont Morgan} United States financier and philanthropist (1837-1913)

{n: Peter Pan} the main character in a play by J. M. Barrie; a boy who won't grow up

{n: Rhine, J. B. Rhine, Joseph Banks Rhine} United States parapsychologist (1895-1980)

{n: Rhodes scholar} a student who holds one of the scholarships endowed by the will of Cecil J. Rhodes that enables the student to study at Oxford University

{n: Rhodes, Cecil Rhodes, Cecil J. Rhodes, Cecil John Rhodes} British colonial financier and statesman in South Africa; made a fortune in gold and diamond mining; helped colonize the territory now known as Zimbabwe; he endowed annual fellowships for British Commonwealth and United States students to study at Oxford University (1853-1902)

{n: Roberts, Richard J. Roberts, Richard John Roberts} United States biochemist (born in England) honored for his discovery that some genes contain introns (born in 1943)

{n: Salinger, J. D. Salinger, Jerome David Salinger} United States writer (born 1919)

{n: Schleiden, Matthias Schleiden, M. J. Schleiden} German physiologist and histologist who in 1838 formulated the cell theory (1804-1881)

{n: Secretary of Agriculture, Agriculture Secretary} the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Agriculture
"the first Secretary of Agriculture was Norman J. Colman, who was appointed by Cleveland"

{n: Secretary of Veterans Affairs} the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Veterans Affairs
"Bush appointed Edward J. Derwinski as the first Secretary of Veterans Affairs"

{n: Synge, J. M. Synge, John Millington Synge, Edmund John Millington Synge} Irish poet and playwright whose plays are based on rural Irish life (1871-1909)

{n: Tolkien, J.R.R. Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien} British philologist and writer of fantasies (born in South Africa) (1892-1973)

{n: V-J Day, 15 August 1945} the date of Allied victory over Japan, World War II

{n: Ventner, Craig Ventner, J. Craig Ventner} United States geneticist who published the complete base sequences for all the genes of a free-living organism, the influenza bacterium; later led team that developed a first draft of the entire human genome (born in 1946)

{n: affricate, affricate consonant, affricative} a composite speech sound consisting of a stop and a fricative articulated at the same point (as `ch' in `chair' and `j' in `joy')

{n: hobbit} an imaginary being similar to a person but smaller and with hairy feet; invented by J.R.R. Tolkien

{n: joule, J, watt second} a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second

{n: justification} the act of defending or explaining or making excuses for by reasoning
"the justification of barbarous means by holy ends"- H.J.Muller

{n: shrilling} a continuing shrill noise
"the clash of swords and the shrilling of trumpets"--P. J. Searles

{n: stress, strain} difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension
"she endured the stresses and strains of life"
"he presided over the economy during the period of the greatest stress and danger"- R.J.Samuelson

{v: prosecute} bring a criminal action against (in a trial)
"The State of California prosecuted O.J. Simpson"
<-> defend


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