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{adj: absolute, downright, out-and-out, rank, right-down, sheer} complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers
"absolute freedom"
"an absolute dimwit"
"a downright lie"
"out-and-out mayhem"
"an out-and-out lie"
"a rank outsider"
"many right-down vices"
"got the job through sheer persistence"
"sheer stupidity"



{adj: acerb, acerbic, acid, acrid, bitter, blistering, caustic, sulfurous, sulphurous, venomous, virulent, vitriolic} harsh or corrosive in tone
"an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prose"
"a barrage of acid comments"
"her acrid remarks make her many enemies"
"bitter words"
"blistering criticism"
"caustic jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics"
"a sulfurous denunciation"
"a vitriolic critique"

{adj: aculeate, aculeated} having or resembling a stinger or barb
"aculeate insects such as bees and wasps"

{adj: ad-lib, extemporaneous, extemporary, extempore, impromptu, offhand, offhanded, off-the-cuff, unrehearsed} with little or no preparation or forethought
"his ad-lib comments showed poor judgment"
"an extemporaneous piano recital"
"an extemporary lecture"
"an extempore skit"
"an impromptu speech"
"offhand excuses"
"trying to sound offhanded and reassuring"
"an off-the-cuff toast"
"a few unrehearsed comments"

{adj: adept, expert, good, practiced, proficient, skillful, skilful} having or showing knowledge and skill and aptitude
"adept in handicrafts"
"an adept juggler"
"an expert job"
"a good mechanic"
"a practiced marksman"
"a proficient engineer"
"a lesser-known but no less skillful composer"
"the effect was achieved by skillful retouching"

{adj: black} of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin
"a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization"- Martin Luther King Jr.
<-> white

{adj: blatant, clamant, clamorous, strident, vociferous} conspicuously and offensively loud; given to vehement outcry
"blatant radios"
"a clamorous uproar"
"strident demands"
"a vociferous mob"

{adj: blue, dark, depressing, dingy, disconsolate, dismal, dispiriting, gloomy, grim, sorry, drab, drear, dreary} causing dejection
"a blue day"
"the dark days of the war"
"a week of rainy depressing weather"
"a disconsolate winter landscape"
"the first dismal dispiriting days of November"
"a dark gloomy day"
"grim rainy weather"

{adj: blue, depressed, dispirited, down, downcast, downhearted, down in the mouth, low, low-spirited} low in spirits
"lonely and blue in a strange city"
"depressed by the loss of his job"
"a dispirited and resigned expression on her face"
"downcast after his defeat"
"feeling discouraged and downhearted"

{adj: clean, uncontaminating} not spreading pollution or contamination; especially radioactive contamination
"a clean fuel"
"cleaner and more efficient engines"
"the tactical bomb is reasonably clean"
<-> dirty

{adj: cosmopolitan} composed of people from or at home in many parts of the world; especially not provincial in attitudes or interests
"his cosmopolitan benevolence impartially extended to all races and to all creeds"- T.B. Macaulay
"the ancient and cosmopolitan societies of Syria and Egypt"
"that queer, cosmopolitan, rather sinister crowd found around the Marseilles docks"
<-> provincial

{adj: definitive, unequivocal} clearly defined or formulated
"the plain and unequivocal language of the laws"- R.B.Taney

{adj: demanding} requiring more than usually expected or thought due; especially great patience and effort and skill
"found the job very demanding"
"a baby can be so demanding"
<-> undemanding

{adj: dense, dim, dull, dumb, obtuse, slow} slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity
"so dense he never understands anything I say to him"
"never met anyone quite so dim"
"although dull at classical learning, at mathematics he was uncommonly quick"- Thackeray
"dumb officials make some really dumb decisions"
"he was either normally stupid or being deliberately obtuse"
"worked with the slow students"

{adj: difficult} requiring much effort and trouble
"the mountain climb was long, steep, and difficult"

{adj: distrustful} having or showing distrust
"a man of distrustful nature"
"my experience...in other fields of law has made me distrustful of rules of thumb generally"- B.N.Cardozo
"vigilant and distrustful superintendence"- Thomas Jefferson
<-> trustful

{adj: drowsy, drowsing, dozy} half asleep
"made drowsy by the long ride"
"it seemed a pity to disturb the drowsing (or dozing) professor"
"a tired dozy child"
"the nodding (or napping) grandmother in her rocking chair"

{adj: employable} physically and mentally capable of working at a regular job and available
<-> unemployable

{adj: finite} of verbs; relating to forms of the verb that are limited in time by a tense and (usually) show agreement with number and person
<-> infinite

{adj: foolhardy, heady, rash, reckless} marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences
"foolhardy enough to try to seize the gun from the hijacker"
"became the fiercest and most reckless of partisans"-Macaulay
"a reckless driver"
"a rash attempt to climb Mount Everest"

{adj: frenzied, manic} affected with or marked by frenzy or mania uncontrolled by reason
"a frenzied attack"
"a frenzied mob"
"the prosecutor's frenzied denunciation of the accused"- H.W.Carter
"outbursts of drunken violence and manic activity and creativity"

{adj: hydrophobic} lacking affinity for water; tending to repel and not absorb water; tending not to dissolve in or mix with or be wetted by water
<-> hydrophilic

{adj: incandescent, candent} emitting light as a result of being heated
"an incandescent bulb"

{adj: indecent, indecorous, unbecoming, uncomely, unseemly, untoward} not in keeping with accepted standards of what is right or proper in polite society
"was buried with indecent haste"
"indecorous behavior"
"language unbecoming to a lady"
"unseemly to use profanity"
"moved to curb their untoward ribaldry"

{adj: insignificant, unmeaning} signifying nothing
"insignificant sounds"
"his response...is picayune and unmeaning"- R.B. Pearsall

{adj: likely} has a good chance of being the case or of coming about
"these services are likely to be available to us all before long"
"she is likely to forget"
"a likely place for a restaurant"
"the broken limb is likely to fall"
"rain is likely"
"a likely topic for investigation"
"likely candidates for the job"
<-> unlikely

{adj: live} abounding with life and energy
"the club members are a really live bunch"

{adj: lowercase} relating to small (not capitalized) letters that were kept in the lower half of a compositor's type case
"lowercase letters; a and b and c etc"
<-> uppercase

{adj: maimed, mutilated} badly injured, perhaps with amputation
"the maimed right hand twisted and clutched"- P.B.Kyne
"mutilated victims of the rocket attack"

{adj: nice, skillful} done with delicacy and skill
"a nice bit of craft"
"a job requiring nice measurements with a micrometer"
"a nice shot"

{adj: nontechnical, untechnical} not characteristic of or skilled in applied arts and sciences
"nontechnical aspects of the job"
"nontechnical training"
"an untechnical reader"
"in clear effective nontechnical language"
<-> technical

{adj: on the alert, on the job} watchful and prepared for action
"bird watchers on the alert for a rare species"
"cops were on the job and caught them red-handed"

{adj: particular, peculiar, special} unique or specific to a person or thing or category
"the particular demands of the job"
"has a particular preference for Chinese art"
"a peculiar bond of sympathy between them"
"an expression peculiar to Canadians"
"rights peculiar to the rich"
"the special features of a computer"
"my own special chair"

{adj: pleonastic, redundant, tautologic, tautological} repetition of same sense in different words
"`a true fact' and `a free gift' are pleonastic expressions"
"the phrase `a beginner who has just started' is tautological"
"at the risk of being redundant I return to my original proposition"- J.B.Conant

{adj: proper, right, suitable, suited} appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs
"everything in its proper place"
"the right man for the job"
"she is not suitable for the position"
"he is not a suitable husband for her"

{adj: qualified} meeting the proper standards and requirements and training for an office or position or task
"many qualified applicants for the job"
<-> unqualified

{adj: real} no less than what is stated; worthy of the name
"the real reason"
"real war"
"a real friend"
"a real woman"
"meat and potatoes--I call that a real meal"
"it's time he had a real job"
"it's no penny-ante job--he's making real money"
<-> unreal

{adj: red} red with or characterized by blood
"waving our red weapons o'er our heads"- Shakespeare
"The Red Badge of Courage"
"the red rules of tooth and claw"- P.B.Sears

{adj: slavish, subservient, submissive} abjectly submissive; characteristic of a slave or servant
"slavish devotion to her job ruled her life"
"a slavish yes-man to the party bosses"- S.H.Adams
"she has become submissive and subservient"

{adj: specific} (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique
"rules with specific application"
"demands specific to the job"
"a specific and detailed account of the accident"
<-> general, nonspecific

{adj: strong} of verbs not having standard (or regular) inflection
"`sing' is a strong verb"

{adj: sub-rosa, under-the-table, behind-the-scenes} designed and carried out secretly or confidentially
"a sub-rosa report"
"has their under-the-table backing"

{adj: subservient} compliant and obedient to authority
"editors and journalists who express opinions in print that are opposed to the interests of the rich are dismissed and replaced by subservient ones"-G. B. Shaw

{adj: technical} characterizing or showing skill in or specialized knowledge of applied arts and sciences
"a technical problem"
"highly technical matters hardly suitable for the general public"
"a technical report"
"producing the A-bomb was a challenge to the technical people of this country"
"technical training"
"technical language"
<-> nontechnical

{adj: thenal, thenar} of or relating to the palm of the hand or to the area at the base of the thumb

{adj: tragicomic, tragicomical} manifesting both tragic and comic aspects
"the tragicomic disparity...between's man's aspirations and his accomplishments"- B.R.Redman

{adj: undemanding} not demanding; requiring little if any patience or effort or skill
"the pay was adequate and the job undemanding"
"simple undemanding affection"
"an undemanding boss"
<-> demanding

{adj: unrelaxed} nor relaxed
"his life was drawing to a close in baffled zeal and unrelaxed strain"- U.B.Phillips

{adj: unskilled} not having or showing or requiring special skill or proficiency
"unskilled in the art of rhetoric"
"an enthusiastic but unskillful mountain climber"
"unskilled labor"
"workers in unskilled occupations are finding fewer and fewer job opportunities"
"unskilled workmanship"
<-> skilled

{adj: verbal} of or relating to or formed from a verb
"verbal adjectives like `running' in `hot and cold running water'"

{adj: waiting, ready and waiting} being and remaining ready and available for use
"waiting cars and limousines lined the curb"
"found her mother waiting for them"
"an impressive array of food ready and waiting for the guests"
"military forces ready and waiting"

{adj: working, on the job} actively engaged in paid work
"the working population"
"the ratio of working men to unemployed"
"a working mother"
"robots can be on the job day and night"

{adv: concurrently, at the same time} overlapping in duration
"concurrently with the conference an exhibition of things associated with Rutherford was held"
"going to school and holding a job at the same time"

{n: AB, type AB, group AB} the blood group whose red cells carry both the A and B antigens

{n: Abyssinian banana, Ethiopian banana, Ensete ventricosum, Musa ensete} large evergreen arborescent herb having huge paddle-shaped leaves and bearing inedible fruit that resemble bananas but edible young flower shoots; sometimes placed in genus Musa

{n: African holly, Solanum giganteum} woolly-stemmed biennial arborescent shrub of tropical Africa and southern Asia having silvery-white prickly branches, clusters of blue or white flowers, and bright red berries resembling holly berries

{n: Alex Boncayao Brigade, ABB, Revolutionary Proletarian Army, RPA-ABB} an urban hit squad and guerrilla group of the Communist Party in the Philippines; formed in the 1980s

{n: Alexander, Alexanders, black lovage, horse parsley, Smyrnium olusatrum} European herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb

{n: Alexandria senna, Alexandrian senna, true senna, tinnevelly senna, Indian senna, Senna alexandrina, Cassia acutifolia, Cassia augustifolia} erect shrub having racemes of tawny yellow flowers; the dried leaves are used medicinally as a cathartic; sometimes placed in genus Cassia

{n: American barberry, Berberis canadensis} deciduous shrub of eastern North America whose leaves turn scarlet in autumn and having racemes of yellow flowers followed by ellipsoid glossy red berries

{n: American germander, wood sage, Teucrium canadense} subshrub with serrate leaves and cream to pink or purple flowers in spikelike racemes; North America

{n: American hornbeam, Carpinus caroliniana} tree or large shrub with grey bark and blue-green leaves that turn red-orange in autumn

{n: American mistletoe, Arceuthobium pusillum} small herb with scalelike leaves on reddish-brown stems and berrylike fruits; parasitic on spruce and larch trees

{n: Arabian, Arab} a spirited graceful and intelligent riding horse native to Arabia

{n: Australian grass tree, Richea dracophylla} stout Australian shrub with narrow leaves crowded at ends of branches and terminal clusters of white or pink flowers

{n: Australian pitcher plant, Cephalotus follicularis} a carnivorous perennial herb having a green pitcher and hinged lid both with red edges; western Australia

{n: B cell, B lymphocyte} a lymphocyte derived from bone marrow that provides humoral immunity; it recognizes free antigen molecules in solution and matures into plasma cells that secrete immunoglobulin (antibodies) that inactivate the antigens

{n: Bartlett, Robert Bartlett, Robert Abram Bartlett, Captain Bob} United States explorer who accompanied Peary's expedition to the North Pole and who led many other Arctic trips (1875-1946)

{n: Becker muscular dystrophy} a form of muscular dystrophy that sets in in adolescence or adulthood and progresses slowly but will affect all voluntary muscles; characterized by generalized weakness and muscle wasting that affects limb and trunk muscles first; similar to Duchenne's muscular dystrophy but less severe; inheritance is X-linked recessive (carried by females but affecting only males)

{n: Benjamin} (Old Testament) the youngest and best-loved son of Jacob and Rachel and one of the twelve forebears of the tribes of Israel

{n: Bermuda chub, rudderfish, Kyphosus sectatrix} food and game fish around Bermuda and Florida; often follow ships

{n: Bermuda grass, devil grass, Bahama grass, kweek, doob, scutch grass, star grass, Cynodon dactylon} trailing grass native to Europe now cosmopolitan in warm regions; used for lawns and pastures especially in southern United States and India

{n: Big Blue, BLU-82} a reliable and deadly 15,000-pound fragmentation bomb that explodes just above ground with a large radius; the largest conventional bomb in existence; used in Afghanistan

{n: Brazilian pepper tree, Schinus terebinthifolius} small Brazilian evergreen resinous tree or shrub having dark green leaflets and white flowers followed by bright red fruit; used as a street tree and lawn specimen

{n: C-horizon, C horizon} beneath the B-horizon and above the bedrock; consisting of weathered rock

{n: Carolina allspice, strawberry shrub, strawberry bush, sweet shrub, Calycanthus floridus} hardy shrub of southeastern United States having clove-scented wood and fragrant red-brown flowers

{n: Carolina buckthorn, indian cherry, Rhamnus carolinianus} deciduous shrub of eastern and central United States having black berrylike fruit; golden-yellow in autumn

{n: Cattell, Ray Cattell, R. B. Cattell, Raymond B. Cattell, Raymond Bernard Cattell} American psychologist (born in England) who developed a broad theory of human behavior based on multivariate research (1905-1998)

{n: Chinese privet, white wax tree, Ligustrum lucidum} erect evergreen treelike shrub of China and Korea and Japan having acuminate leaves and flowers in long erect panicles; resembles Japanese privet

{n: Christmasberry, Christmas berry, Lycium carolinianum} spiny evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having spreading branches usually blue or mauve flowers and red berries

{n: Cotoneaster dammeri} climbing evergreen shrub with white flowers and red berries; often used as ground cover

{n: Cotoneaster horizontalis} deciduous flat-growing shrub with a fanned herringbone pattern and having reddish flowers and orange-red berries; used as a ground cover

{n: Coulomb's Law} a fundamental principle of electrostatics; the force of attraction or repulsion between two charged particles is directly proportional to the product of the charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them; principle also holds for magnetic poles

{n: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, CJD, Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease} rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control

{n: Dalmatian laburnum, Petteria ramentacea, Cytisus ramentaceus} erect shrub having large trifoliate leaves and dense clusters of yellow flowers followed by poisonous seeds; Yugoslavia; sometimes placed in genus Cytisus

{n: DeMille, Cecil B. DeMille, Cecil Blount DeMille} United States film maker remembered for his extravagant and spectacular epic productions (1881-1959)

{n: Drynaria, genus Drynaria} large robust epiphytic ferns of tropical forest and scrub; Africa and Asia and Australia

{n: Du Bois, W. E. B. Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt Du Bois} United States civil rights leader and political activist who campaigned for equality for Black Americans (1868-1963)

{n: Easter daisy, stemless daisy, Townsendia Exscapa} dwarf tufted nearly stemless herb having a rosette of woolly leaves and large white-rayed flower heads and bristly achenes; central Canada and United States west to Arizona

{n: Elijah} a Hebrew prophet in the Old Testament who opposed the worship of idols; he was persecuted for rebuking Ahab and Jezebel (king and queen of Israel); he was taken up to heaven in a chariot of fire (circa 9th century BC)

{n: Eve} (Old Testament) Adam's wife in Judeo-Christian mythology: the first woman and mother of the human race; God created Eve from Adam's rib and placed Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden

{n: Fatah Revolutionary Council, Fatah-RC, Abu Nidal Organization, ANO, Arab Revolutionary Brigades, Black September, Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims} a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries
"in the 1980s the Fatah-RC was considered the most dangerous and murderous Palestinian terror group"

{n: Federal Security Bureau, FSB, Federal Security Service} the internal counterintelligence agency of the Russian Federation and successor to the Soviet KGB; formerly led by Vladimir Putin

{n: Fula, Ful, Fulani, Peul} a family of languages of the Fulani of West Africa and used as a lingua franca in the sub-Saharan regions from Senegal to Chad; the best known of the West African languages

{n: Google} a widely used search engine that uses text-matching techniques to find web pages that are important and relevant to a user's search

{n: Hayes, Rutherford B. Hayes, Rutherford Birchard Hayes, President Hayes} 19th President of the United States; his administration removed federal troops from the South and so ended the Reconstruction Period (1822-1893)

{n: Hebrews, Israelites} the ethnic group claiming descent from Abraham and Isaac (especially from Isaac's son Jacob); the nation whom God chose to receive his revelation and with whom God chose to make a covenant (Exodus 19)

{n: Himalayan lilac, Syringa emodi} robust upright shrub of mountains of northern India having oblong-elliptic leaves and pale lilac or white malodorous flowers

{n: Indian rattlebox, Crotalaria spectabilis} erect subshrub having purple-tinted flowers and an inflated pod in which the ripe seeds rattle; India

{n: Indian rhododendron, Melastoma malabathricum} evergreen spreading shrub of India and southeastern Asia having large purple flowers

{n: Irtish, Irtish River, Irtysh, Irtysh River} an Asian river that rises in the Altai Mountains in northern China and flows generally northwest to become a tributary of the Ob River

{n: Jacobean lily, Aztec lily, Strekelia formosissima} Mexican bulbous herb cultivated for its handsome bright red solitary flower

{n: Japanese morning glory, Ipomoea nil} annual Old World tropical climbing herb distinguished by wide color range and frilled or double flowers

{n: Japanese privet, Ligustrum japonicum} evergreen shrub of Japan and Korea having small dark leaves and flowers in loose panicles; related to but smaller than Chinese privet

{n: Java} a simple platform-independent object-oriented programming language used for writing applets that are downloaded from the World Wide Web by a client and run on the client's machine

{n: Jerusalem thorn, horsebean, Parkinsonia aculeata} large shrub or shrubby tree having sharp spines and pinnate leaves with small deciduous leaflets and sweet-scented racemose yellow-orange flowers; grown as ornamentals or hedging or emergency food for livestock; tropical America but naturalized in southern United States

{n: Jew, Hebrew, Israelite} a person belonging to the worldwide group claiming descent from Jacob (or converted to it) and connected by cultural or religious ties

{n: Job, Book of Job} a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply

{n: Julian calendar, Old Style calendar} the solar calendar introduced in Rome in 46 b.c. by Julius Caesar and slightly modified by Augustus, establishing the 12-month year of 365 days with each 4th year having 366 days and the months having 31 or 30 days except for February

{n: King, B. B. King, Riley B King} United States guitar player and singer of the blues (born in 1925)

{n: Labrador tea, crystal tea, Ledum groenlandicum} evergreen shrub of eastern North America having white or creamy bell-shaped flowers and dark green hairy leaves used for tea during American Revolution

{n: Lions Club, International Association of Lions clubs} club dedicated to promoting responsible citizenship and good government and community and national and international welfare

{n: Lycopsida, class Lycopsida, Lycopodiate, class Lycopodiate} club mosses and related forms: includes Lycopodiales; Isoetales; Selaginellales; and extinct Lepidodendrales; sometimes considered a subdivision of Tracheophyta

{n: MacGregor, Robert MacGregor, Rob Roy} Scottish clan leader and outlaw who was the subject of a 1817 novel by Sir Walter Scott (1671-1734)

{n: Maghreb, Mahgrib} the region of northwest Africa comprising the Atlas Mountains and the coastlands of Morocco and Algeria and Tunisia

{n: Maktab al-Khidmat, MAK} a terrorist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in the 1980s to provide money and recruit fighters around the world; enlisted and transported thousands of men to Afghanistan to fights the Russians; a split in the group led bin Laden and the extremist faction of MAK to form al-Qaeda

{n: Mayer, Louis B. Mayer, Louis Burt Mayer} United States filmmaker (born in Russia) who founded his own film company and later merged with Samuel Goldwyn (1885-1957)

{n: Mendelssohn, Felix Mendelssohn, Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy} German musician and romantic composer of orchestral and choral works (1809-1847)

{n: Molotov cocktail, petrol bomb, gasoline bomb} a crude incendiary bomb made of a bottle filled with flammable liquid and fitted with a rag wick

{n: Monod, Jacques Monod, Jacques Lucien Monod} French biochemist who (with Francois Jacob) explained how genes are activated and suggested the existence of messenger RNA (1910-1976)

{n: Nagasaki} a city in southern Japan on Kyushu; a leading port and shipbuilding center; on August 9, 1945 Nagasaki became the second populated area to receive an atomic bomb

{n: National Labor Relations Board, NLRB} an independent agency of the United States government charged with mediating disputes between management and labor unions

{n: Nephthys} Egyptian goddess associated with ritual of the dead; sister of Geb and Nut; wife of Set

{n: Ob, Ob River} a major river of western Siberia; flows generally northward and westward to the Gulf of Ob and the Kara Sea

{n: Oregon crab apple, Malus fusca} small tree or shrub of western United States having white blossoms and tiny yellow or red fruit

{n: Oregon grape, Oregon holly grape, hollygrape, mountain grape, holly-leaves barberry, Mahonia aquifolium} ornamental evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having dark green pinnate leaves and racemes of yellow flowers followed by blue-black berries

{n: Orthilia, genus Orthilia} a shrubby perennial rhizomatous evergreen herb; grows in damp coniferous woodlands in northern temperate regions

{n: Palestine Liberation Organization, PLO} a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; when formed in 1964 it was a terrorist organization dominated by Yasser Arafat's al-Fatah; in 1968 Arafat became chairman; received recognition by the United Nations and by Arab states in 1974 as a government in exile; has played a largely political role since the creation of the Palestine National Authority

{n: Panama redwood tree, Panama redwood, Platymiscium pinnatum} large erect shrub of Columbia having large odd-pinnate leaves with large leaflets and axillary racemes of fragrant yellow flowers

{n: Parry manzanita, Arctostaphylos manzanita} erect treelike shrub forming dense thickets and having drooping panicles of white or pink flowers and red berrylike drupes; California

{n: Port Jackson heath, Epacris purpurascens} small shrub of southern and western Australia having pinkish to rosy purple tubular flowers

{n: Punjab} a historical region on northwestern India and northern Pakistan

{n: Queensland hemp, jellyleaf, Sida rhombifolia} herb widely distributed in tropics and subtropics used for forage and medicinally as a demulcent and having a fine soft bast stronger than jute; sometimes an aggressive weed

{n: Rachel} (Old Testament) the second wife of Jacob and mother of Joseph and Benjamin

{n: Rebecca, Rebekah} (Old Testament) wife of Isaac and mother of Jacob and Esau

{n: Reuben} (Old Testment) a son of Jacob and forefather of one of the tribes of Israel

{n: Roman wormwood, rock harlequin, Corydalis sempervirens, Fumaria sempervirens} glaucous herb of northeastern United States and Canada having loose racemes of yellow-tipped pink flowers; sometimes placed in genus Fumaria

{n: Rotary Club, Rotary International} a group of businessmen in a town organized as a service club and to promote world peace

{n: Rub al-Khali, Ar Rimsal, Dahna, Great Sandy Desert} a desert in southern Saudi Arabia

{n: Sakharov, Andrei Sakharov, Andrei Dimitrievich Sakharov} Soviet physicist and dissident; helped develop the first Russian hydrogen bomb; advocated nuclear disarmament and campaigned for human rights (1921-1989)

{n: Saladin, Salah-ad-Din Yusuf ibn-Ayyub} sultan of Syria and Egypt; reconquered Jerusalem from the Christians in 1187 but was defeated by Richard Coeur de Lion in 1191 (1137-1193)

{n: Satan, Old Nick, Devil, Lucifer, Beelzebub, the Tempter, Prince of Darkness} (Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell

{n: Sennacherib} king of Assyria who invaded Judea twice and defeated Babylon and rebuilt Nineveh after it had been destroyed by Babylonians (died in 681 BC)

{n: Shakespearean sonnet, Elizabethan sonnet, English sonnet} a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg

{n: Siraj-ud-daula} Indian general and nawab of Bengal who opposed the colonization of India by England; he captured Calcutta in 1756 and many of his prisoners suffocated in a crowded room that became known as the Black Hole of Calcutta; he was defeated at the battle of Plassey by a group of Indian nobles in alliance with Robert Clive (1728-1757)

{n: Spanish broom, weaver's broom, Spartium junceum} tall thornless shrub having pale yellow flowers and flexible rushlike twigs used in basketry; of southwestern Europe and Mediterranean; naturalized in California

{n: Spenserian sonnet} a sonnet consisting of three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab bcbd cdcd ee

{n: Spenserian stanza} a stanza with eight lines of iambic pentameter and a concluding Alexandrine with the rhyme pattern abab bcbc c
"the Spenserian stanza was introduced by Edmund Spenser in The Faerie Queene"

{n: Toklas, Alice B. Toklas} United States writer remembered as the secretary and companion of Gertrude Stein (1877-1967)

{n: Uvularia, genus Uvularia} genus of perennial rhizomatous herb of southern and southeastern United States

{n: Virginian stock, Virginia stock, Malcolmia maritima} erect branching herb cultivated for its loose racemes of fragrant white or pink or red or lilac flowers; native to sands and sea cliffs of southwestern Greece and southern Albania

{n: Western sand cherry, Rocky Mountains cherry, Prunus besseyi} dwarf ornamental shrub of western United States having large black to red and yellow sweet edible fruit

{n: World Wide Web, WWW, web} computer network consisting of a collection of internet sites that offer text and graphics and sound and animation resources through the hypertext transfer protocol

{n: acceptance} the state of being acceptable and accepted
"torn jeans received no acceptance at the country club"
<-> rejection

{n: aerosol, aerosol container, aerosol can, aerosol bomb, spray can} a dispenser that holds a substance under pressure and that can release it as a fine spray (usually by means of a propellant gas)

{n: alderleaf Juneberry, alder-leaved serviceberry, Amelanchier alnifolia} shrub or small tree of northwestern North America having fragrant creamy white flowers and small waxy purple-red fruits

{n: alpine bearberry, black bearberry, Arctostaphylos alpina} deciduous creeping shrub bright red in autumn having black or blue-black berries; alpine and circumpolar

{n: anterior serratus muscle, serratus anterior, musculus serratus anterior, serratus magnus} muscles that rotate the scapula and elevate the rib cage

{n: arm} a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb

{n: axseed, crown vetch, Coronilla varia} European herb resembling vetch; naturalized in the eastern United States; having umbels of pink-and-white flowers and sharp-angled pods

{n: bag, handbag, pocketbook, purse} a container used for carrying money and small personal items or accessories (especially by women)
"she reached into her bag and found a comb"

{n: banded stilt, Cladorhyncus leucocephalum} web-footed Australian stilt with reddish-brown pectoral markings

{n: baobab, monkey-bread tree, Adansonia digitata} African tree having an exceedingly thick trunk and fruit that resembles a gourd and has an edible pulp called monkey bread

{n: baster} a tube with a rubber bulb used to take up and release melted fat or gravy in order to moisten roasting meat

{n: bathroom, bath} a room (as in a residence) containing a bathtub or shower and usually a washbasin and toilet

{n: bathtub, bathing tub, bath, tub} a relatively large open container that you fill with water and use to wash the body

{n: bean caper, Syrian bean caper, Zygophyllum fabago} perennial shrub of the eastern Mediterranean region and southwestern Asia having flowers whose buds are used as capers

{n: bearberry willow, Salix uva-ursi} dwarf prostrate mat-forming shrub of arctic and alpine regions of North America and Greenland having deep green elliptic leaves that taper toward the base

{n: belladonna, belladonna plant, deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna} perennial Eurasian herb with reddish bell-shaped flowers and shining black berries; extensively grown in United States; roots and leaves yield atropine

{n: bicolor lespediza, ezo-yama-hagi, Lespedeza bicolor} Asian shrub having conspicuous racemose rose-purple flowers widely used as an ornamental and in erosion control and as a source of feed for wild birds

{n: black caraway, nutmeg flower, Roman coriander, Nigella sativa} herb of the Mediterranean region having pungent seeds used like those of caraway

{n: black horehound, black archangel, fetid horehound, stinking horehound, Ballota nigra} ill-smelling European herb with rugose leaves and whorls of dark purple flowers

{n: black salsify, viper's grass, scorzonera, Scorzonera hispanica} perennial south European herb having narrow entire leaves and solitary yellow flower heads and long black edible roots shaped like carrots

{n: blackfoot daisy, Melampodium leucanthum} bushy subshrub having flower heads that resemble asters with broad white rays; found in desert areas of Arizona east to Kansas and south to Mexico

{n: blenny, combtooth blenny} small usually scaleless fishes with comb-like teeth living about rocky shores; are territorial and live in holes between rocks

{n: blolly, West Indian snowberry, Chiococca alba} evergreen climbing shrub of southern Florida and West Indies grown for its racemes of fragrant white to creamy flowers followed by globose white succulent berries

{n: blue cohosh, blueberry root, papooseroot, papoose root, squawroot, squaw root, Caulophyllum thalictrioides, Caulophyllum thalictroides} tall herb of eastern North America and Asia having blue berrylike fruit and a thick knotty rootstock formerly used medicinally

{n: bog rosemary, moorwort, Andromeda glaucophylla} wiry evergreen shrub having pendent clusters of white or pink flowers; of wet acidic areas in Arctic and Canada to northeastern United States

{n: bomb shelter, air-raid shelter, bombproof} a chamber (often underground) reinforced against bombing and provided with food and living facilities; used during air raids

{n: bomber, grinder, hero, hero sandwich, hoagie, hoagy, Cuban sandwich, Italian sandwich, poor boy, sub, submarine, submarine sandwich, torpedo, wedge, zep} a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States

{n: bones, castanets, clappers, finger cymbals, maraca} a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance

{n: borage, tailwort, Borago officinalis} hairy blue-flowered European annual herb long used in herbal medicine and eaten raw as salad greens or cooked like spinach

{n: brewpub} a combination brewery and restaurant; beer is brewed for consumption on the premises and served along with food

{n: bristly locust, rose acacia, moss locust, Robinia hispida} large shrub or small tree of the eastern United States having bristly stems and large clusters of pink flowers

{n: brittlebush, brittle bush, incienso, Encelia farinosa} fragrant rounded shrub of southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico having brittle stems and small crowded blue-green leaves and yellow flowers; produces a resin used in incense and varnish and in folk medicine

{n: broadsword} a sword with a broad blade and (usually) two cutting edges; used to cut rather than stab

{n: broccoli rabe, broccoli raab} slightly bitter dark green leaves and clustered flower buds

{n: bully, tough, hooligan, ruffian, roughneck, rowdy, yob, yobo, yobbo} a cruel and brutal fellow

{n: bunchberry, dwarf cornel, crackerberry, pudding berry, Cornus canadensis} creeping perennial herb distinguished by red berries and clustered leaf whorls at the tips of shoots; Greenland to Alaska

{n: bunny, bunny girl} a young waitress in a night club whose costume includes the tail and ears of a rabbit

{n: bush hibiscus, Radyera farragei, Hibiscus farragei} southern and western Australian shrub with unlobed or shallowly lobed toothed leaves and purple flowers; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus

{n: butterbur, bog rhubarb, Petasites hybridus, Petasites vulgaris} small Eurasian herb having broad leaves and lilac-pink rayless flowers; found in moist areas

{n: button tree, button mangrove, Conocarpus erectus} evergreen tree or shrub with fruit resembling buttons and yielding heavy hard compact wood

{n: calisaya, Cinchona officinalis, Cinchona ledgeriana, Cinchona calisaya} Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark

{n: candelilla, Pedilanthus bracteatus, Pedilanthus pavonis} wax-coated Mexican shrub related to Euphorbia antisyphilitica

{n: car bomb} a bomb placed in a car and wired to explode when the ignition is started or by remote control or by a timing device

{n: caricature plant, Graptophyllum pictum} tropical Old World shrub having purple or red tubular flowers and leaf markings resembling the profile of a human face

{n: carissa} a shrub of the genus Carissa having fragrant white flowers and plumlike red to purple-black fruits

{n: castor-oil plant, castor bean plant, palma christi, palma christ, Ricinus communis} large shrub of tropical Africa and Asia having large palmate leaves and spiny capsules containing seeds that are the source of castor oil and ricin; widely naturalized throughout the tropics

{n: cat's-claw, catclaw, black bead, Pithecellodium unguis-cati} erect shrub with small if any spines having racemes of white to yellow flowers followed by curved pointed pods and black shiny seeds; West Indies and Florida

{n: catch, grab, snatch, snap} the act of catching an object with the hands
"Mays made the catch with his back to the plate"
"he made a grab for the ball before it landed"
"Martin's snatch at the bridle failed and the horse raced away"
"the infielder's snap and throw was a single motion"

{n: catgut, goat's rue, wild sweet pea, Tephrosia virginiana} perennial subshrub of eastern North America having downy leaves yellowish and rose flowers and; source of rotenone

{n: chaparral mallow, Malacothamnus fasciculatus, Sphaeralcea fasciculata} shrub of coastal ranges of California and Baja California having hairy branches and spikes of numerous mauve flowers; sometimes placed in genus Sphaeralcea

{n: chaparral pea, stingaree-bush, Pickeringia montana} spiny evergreen xerophytic shrub having showy rose and purple flowers and forming dense thickets; of dry rocky mountain slopes of California

{n: cheerfulness, cheer, sunniness, sunshine} the quality of being cheerful and dispelling gloom
"flowers added a note of cheerfulness to the drab room"
<-> uncheerfulness

{n: chickweed phlox, sand phlox, Phlox bifida, Phlox stellaria} low mat-forming herb of rocky places in United States

{n: chicory, succory, chicory plant, Cichorium intybus} perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads

{n: cineraria, Pericallis cruenta, Senecio cruentus} herb of Canary Islands widely cultivated for its blue or purple or red or variegated daisylike flowers

{n: climbing hydrangea, Schizophragma hydrangeoides} climbing shrub with adhesive aerial roots having opposite leaves and small white flowers in terminal cymes; Himalayas to Taiwan and Japan

{n: club car, lounge car} railroad car having a bar and tables and lounge chairs

{n: club drug} a controlled substance that is usually taken by young people at dance clubs and raves

{n: cluster bomb} bomb consisting of a canister that is dropped from a plane and that opens to release a cluster of bomblets (usually fragmentation bombs) over a wide area
"cluster bombs cannot be targeted precisely"

{n: cobweb} a fabric so delicate and transparent as to resemble a web of a spider

{n: coltsfoot, Tussilago farfara} perennial herb with large rounded leaves resembling a colt's foot and yellow flowers appearing before the leaves do; native to Europe but now nearly cosmopolitan; used medicinally especially formerly

{n: comb, cockscomb, coxcomb} the fleshy red crest on the head of the domestic fowl and other gallinaceous birds

{n: common St John's wort, tutsan, Hypericum androsaemum} deciduous bushy Eurasian shrub with golden yellow flowers and reddish-purple fruits from which a soothing salve is made in Spain

{n: common bearberry, red bearberry, wild cranberry, mealberry, hog cranberry, sand berry, sandberry, mountain box, bear's grape, creashak, Arctostaphylos uva-ursi} evergreen mat-forming shrub of North America and northern Eurasia having small white flowers and red berries; leaves turn red in autumn

{n: common camas, Camassia quamash} plant having a large edible bulb and linear basal leaves and racemes of light to deep violet-blue star-shaped flowers on tall green scapes; western North America

{n: common heath, Epacris impressa} spindly upright shrub of southern Australia and Tasmania having white to rose or purple-red flowers

{n: common jasmine, true jasmine, jessamine, Jasminum officinale} a climbing deciduous shrub with fragrant white or yellow or red flowers used in perfume and to flavor tea

{n: common matrimony vine, Duke of Argyll's tea tree, Lycium barbarum, Lycium halimifolium} deciduous erect or spreading shrub with spiny branches and violet-purple flowers followed by orange-red berries; southeastern Europe to China

{n: common mugwort, Artemisia vulgaris} European tufted aromatic perennial herb having hairy red or purple stems and dark green leaves downy white below and red-brown florets

{n: common pitcher plant, huntsman's cup, huntsman's cups, Sarracenia purpurea} perennial bog herb having dark red flowers and decumbent broadly winged pitchers forming a rosette; of northeastern North America and naturalized in Europe especially Ireland

{n: common purslane, pussley, pusly, verdolagas, Portulaca oleracea} weedy trailing mat-forming herb with bright yellow flowers cultivated for its edible mildly acid leaves eaten raw or cooked especially in Indian and Greek and Middle Eastern cuisine; cosmopolitan

{n: common watercress, Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum, Nasturtium officinale} perennial Eurasian cress growing chiefly in springs or running water having fleshy pungent leaves used in salads or as a potherb or garnish; introduced in North America and elsewhere

{n: complex number, complex quantity, imaginary number, imaginary} (mathematics) a number of the form a+bi where a and b are real numbers and i is the square root of -1

{n: control character, ASCII control character} ASCII characters to indicate carriage return or tab or backspace; typed by depressing a key and the control key at the same time

{n: coral bean tree, Erythrina corallodendrum} deciduous shrub having racemes of deep red flowers and black-spotted red seeds

{n: coral bush, flame bush, Templetonia retusa} Australian shrub having simple obovate leaves and brilliant scarlet flowers

{n: coral drops, Bessera elegans} half-hardy Mexican herb cultivated for its drooping terminal umbels of showy red-and-white flowers

{n: coriander, coriander plant, Chinese parsley, cilantro, Coriandrum sativum} Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley

{n: corm} solid swollen underground bulb-shaped stem or stem base and serving as a reproductive structure

{n: coronary bypass, coronary bypass surgery, coronary artery bypass graft, CABG} open-heart surgery in which the rib cage is opened and a section of a blood vessel is grafted from the aorta to the coronary artery to bypass the blocked section of the coronary artery and improve the blood supply to the heart

{n: cosmic background radiation, CBR, cosmic microwave background radiation, CMBR, cosmic microwave background, CMB} (cosmology) the cooled remnant of the hot big bang that fills the entire universe and can be observed today with an average temperature of about 2.725 kelvin

{n: costochondritis} inflammation at the junction of a rib and its cartilage

{n: costusroot, Saussurea costus, Saussurea lappa} annual herb of the eastern Himalayas (Kashmir) having purple florets and a fragrant root that yields a volatile oil used in perfumery and for preserving furs

{n: cotoneaster} any shrub of the genus Cotoneaster: erect or creeping shrubs having richly colored autumn foliage and many small white to pinkish flowers followed by tiny red or black fruits

{n: country club} a suburban club for recreation and socializing

{n: cover charge, cover} a fixed charge by a restaurant or night club over and above the charge for food and drink

{n: cowberry, mountain cranberry, lingonberry, lingenberry, lingberry, foxberry, Vaccinium vitis-idaea} low evergreen shrub of high north temperate regions of Europe and Asia and America bearing red edible berries

{n: crab} a stroke of the oar that either misses the water or digs too deeply
"he caught a crab and lost the race"

{n: cranberry bush, cranberry tree, American cranberry bush, highbush cranberry, Viburnum trilobum} deciduous North American shrub or small tree having three-lobed leaves and red berries

{n: crape jasmine, crepe jasmine, crepe gardenia, pinwheel flower, East Indian rosebay, Adam's apple, Nero's crown, coffee rose, Tabernaemontana divaricate} tropical shrub having glossy foliage and fragrant nocturnal flowers with crimped or wavy corollas; northern India to Thailand

{n: crash course, crash program, crash programme} a rapid and intense course of training or research (usually undertaken in an emergency)
"he took a crash course in Italian on his way to Italy"
"his first job was a crash course in survival and in learning how to get along with people"
"a crash programme is needed to create new jobs"

{n: creeping bellflower, Campanula rapunculoides} erect European herb with creeping rootstocks and nodding spikelike racemes of blue to violet flowers

{n: creosote bush, coville, hediondilla, Larrea tridentata} desert shrub of southwestern United States and New Mexico having persistent resinous aromatic foliage and small yellow flowers

{n: crown imperial, Fritillaria imperialis} Eurasian herb with a cluster of leaves and orange-red bell-shaped flowers at the top of the stem

{n: cruel plant, Araujia sericofera} robust twining shrub having racemes of fragrant white or pink flowers with flat spreading terminal petals that trap nocturnal moths and hold them until dawn

{n: cub, greenhorn, rookie} an awkward and inexperienced youth

{n: curb, curbing, kerb} an edge between a sidewalk and a roadway consisting of a line of curbstones (usually forming part of a gutter)

{n: cyrilla, leatherwood, white titi, Cyrilla racemiflora} shrub or small tree of southeastern United States to West Indies and Brazil; grown for the slender racemes of white flowers and orange and crimson foliage

{n: damask violet, Dame's violet, sweet rocket, Hesperis matronalis} long cultivated herb having flowers whose scent is more pronounced in the evening; naturalized throughout Europe to Siberia and into North America

{n: dermatomyositis} myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and selling accompanied by skin rash affecting cheeks and eyelids and neck and chest and limbs; progression and severity vary among individuals

{n: dichondra, Dichondra micrantha} a creeping perennial herb with hairy stems and orbicular to reniform leaves and small white to greenish flowers; used as a grass substitute in warm regions

{n: dog laurel, dog hobble, switch-ivy, Leucothoe fontanesiana, Leucothoe editorum} fast-growing evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having arching interlaced branches and racemes of white flowers

{n: doorknob, doorhandle} a knob used to release the catch when opening a door (often called `doorhandle' in Great Britain)

{n: dotted gayfeather, Liatris punctata} herb with many stems bearing narrow slender wands of crowded rose-lavender flowers; central United States and Canada to Texas and northern Mexico

{n: double dipping} two incomes received from the same source (as by holding a government job and receiving a government pension)

{n: dragoman} an interpreter and guide in the Near East; in the Ottoman Empire in the 18th and 19th centuries a translator of European languages for the Turkish and Arab authorities and most dragomans were Greek (many reached high positions in the government)

{n: dropper, eye dropper} pipet consisting of a small tube with a vacuum bulb at one end for drawing liquid in and releasing it a drop at a time

{n: dwarf bilberry, dwarf blueberry, Vaccinium caespitosum} low-growing tufted deciduous shrub of northern and alpine North America having pink to coral-red flowers followed by sweet blue berries

{n: dwarf dandelion, Krigia dandelion, Krigia bulbosa} small yellow-flowered herb resembling dandelions of central and southeastern United States

{n: dwarf flowering almond, Prunus glandulosa} small Chinese shrub with smooth unfurrowed dark red fruit grown especially for its red or pink or white flowers

{n: dwarf sumac, mountain sumac, black sumac, shining sumac, Rhus copallina} common nonpoisonous shrub of eastern North America with compound leaves and green paniculate flowers followed by red berries

{n: ephedra, joint fir} jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds

{n: evergreen bittersweet, Euonymus fortunei radicans, Euonymus radicans vegetus} broad and bushy Asiatic twining shrub with pinkish fruit; many subspecies or varieties

{n: explosive trace detection, ETD} a system for screening luggage in airports; an agent passes a swab around or inside luggage and then runs the swab through a machine that can detect trace amounts of explosives

{n: false indigo, bastard indigo, Amorpha fruticosa} dense shrub of moist riverbanks and flood plains of the eastern United States having attractive fragrant foliage and dense racemes of dark purple flowers

{n: false lily of the valley, Maianthemum canadense} small two-leaved herb of the northern United States and parts of Canada having racemes of small fragrant white flowers

{n: fetterbush, fetter bush, shiny lyonia, Lyonia lucida} showy evergreen shrub of southeastern United States with shiny leaves and angled branches and clusters of pink to reddish flowers that resemble an umbel

{n: feverroot, horse gentian, tinker's root, wild coffee, Triostium perfoliatum} coarse weedy American perennial herb with large usually perfoliate leaves and purple or dull red flowers

{n: fireweed, giant willowherb, rosebay willowherb, wickup, Epilobium angustifolium} tall North American perennial with creeping rootstocks and narrow leaves and spikes of pinkish-purple flowers occurring in great abundance in burned-over areas or recent clearings; an important honey plant

{n: flageolet, treble recorder, shepherd's pipe} a small fipple flute with four finger holes and two thumb holes

{n: florest's cineraria, Pericallis hybrida} herb derived from Pericallis cruenta and widely cultivated in a variety of profusely flowering forms with florets from white to pink to red or purple or violet or blue

{n: flowering quince} Asiatic ornamental shrub with spiny branches and pink or red blossoms

{n: fowl pest} an acute viral disease of domestic fowl; characterized by refusal to each and high temperature and discoloration of the comb

{n: fragmentation bomb, antipersonnel bomb, anti-personnel bomb, daisy cutter} a bomb with only 10 to 20 per cent explosive and the remainder consisting of casings designed to break into many small high-velocity fragments; most effective against troops and vehicles

{n: fringepod, lacepod} annual herb having pinnatifid basal leaves and slender racemes of small white flowers followed by one-seeded winged silicles

{n: fumewort, fumeroot, Corydalis solida} herb of northern Europe and Asia having erect racemes of red flowers

{n: galax, galaxy, wandflower, beetleweed, coltsfoot, Galax urceolata} tufted evergreen perennial herb having spikes of tiny white flowers and glossy green round to heart-shaped leaves that become coppery to maroon or purplish in fall

{n: gamma hydroxybutyrate, GHB} a club drug available in liquid or powder form is taken orally (frequently combined with alcohol); used to incapacitate individuals for the commission of sexual assault and rape

{n: garden angelica, archangel, Angelica Archangelica} a biennial cultivated herb; its stems are candied and eaten and its roots are used medicinally

{n: garden orache, mountain spinach, Atriplex hortensis} Asiatic plant resembling spinach often used as a potherb; naturalized in Europe and North America

{n: garland flower, Daphne cneorum} widely cultivated low evergreen shrub with dense clusters of fragrant pink to deep rose flowers

{n: ginseng, nin-sin, Panax ginseng, Panax schinseng, Panax pseudoginseng} Chinese herb with palmately compound leaves and small greenish flowers and forked aromatic roots believed to have medicinal powers

{n: gloriosa, glory lily, climbing lily, creeping lily, Gloriosa superba} any plant of the genus Gloriosa of tropical Africa and Asia; a perennial herb climbing by means of tendrils at leaf tips having showy yellow to red or purple flowers; all parts are poisonous

{n: golden club, Orontium aquaticum} aquatic plant of the southeastern United States having blue-green leaves and a spadix resembling a club covered with tiny yellow flowers

{n: goldenseal, golden seal, yellow root, turmeric root, Hydrastis Canadensis} perennial herb of northeastern United States having a thick knotted yellow rootstock and large rounded leaves

{n: gooseberry, gooseberry bush, Ribes uva-crispa, Ribes grossularia} spiny Eurasian shrub having greenish purple-tinged flowers and ovoid yellow-green or red-purple berries

{n: grab bag} a container from which a person draws a wrapped item at random without knowing the contents

{n: great yellowcress, Rorippa amphibia, Nasturtium amphibium} perennial herb found on streams and riversides throughout Europe except extreme north and Mediterranean; sometimes placed in genus Nasturtium

{n: greater masterwort, Astrantia major} European herb with aromatic roots and leaves in a basal tuft and showy compound umbels of white to rosy flowers

{n: ground rose, Rosa spithamaea} low-growing bristly shrub of southern Oregon and California with creeping rootstocks and usually corymbose flowers

{n: guayule, Parthenium argentatum} much-branched subshrub with silvery leaves and small white flowers of Texas and northern Mexico; cultivated as a source of rubber

{n: guelder rose, European cranberrybush, European cranberry bush, crampbark, cranberry tree, Viburnum opulus} deciduous thicket-forming Old World shrub with clusters of white flowers and small bright red berries

{n: gyro} a Greek sandwich: sliced roast lamb with onion and tomato stuffed into pita bread

{n: hairy willowherb, codlins-and-cream, Epilobium hirsutum} plant of Europe and Asia having purplish-red flowers and hairy stems and leaves; introduced into North America

{n: halogeton, Halogeton glomeratus} a coarse annual herb introduced into North America from Siberia; dangerous to sheep and cattle on western rangelands because of its high oxalate content

{n: harassing fire} fire designed to disturb the rest of enemy troops and to curtail movement and to lower enemy morale

{n: hard-shell crab} edible crab that has not recently molted and so has a hard shell

{n: helianthemum, sunrose, sun rose} any plant of the genus Helianthemum; vigorous plants of stony alpine meadows and dry scrub regions

{n: helper T cell, helper cell, CD4 T cell, CD4 cell} T cell with CD4 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and secretes lymphokines that stimulate B cells and killer T cells; helper T cells are infected and killed by the AIDS virus

{n: hemoglobin, haemoglobin, Hb} a hemoprotein composed of globin and heme that gives red blood cells their characteristic color; function primarily to transport oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues
"fish have simpler hemoglobin than mammals"

{n: hemp agrimony, Eupatorium cannabinum} coarse European herb with palmately divided leaves and clusters of small reddish-purple flower heads

{n: hepatitis C} a viral hepatitis clinically indistinguishable from hepatitis B but caused by a single-stranded RNA virus; usually transmitted by parenteral means (as injection of an illicit drug or blood transfusion or exposure to blood or blood products)

{n: herb Paris, Paris quadrifolia} European herb with yellow-green flowers resembling and closely related to the trilliums; reputed to be poisonous

{n: herb bennet, cloveroot, clover-root, wood avens, Geum urbanum} hairy Eurasian plant with small yellow flowers and an astringent root formerly used medicinally

{n: holly} any tree or shrub of the genus Ilex having red berries and shiny evergreen leaves with prickly edges

{n: home plate, home base, home, plate} (baseball) base consisting of a rubber slab where the batter stands; it must be touched by a base runner in order to score
"he ruled that the runner failed to touch home"

{n: honey mesquite, Western honey mesquite, Prosopis glandulosa} thorny deep-rooted drought-resistant shrub native to southwestern United States and Mexico bearing pods rich in sugar and important as livestock feed; tends to form extensive thickets

{n: horseshoe crab, king crab, Limulus polyphemus, Xiphosurus polyphemus} large marine arthropod of the Atlantic coast of North America having a domed carapace that is shaped like a horseshoe and a stiff pointed tail; a living fossil related to the wood louse

{n: hortensia, Hydrangea macrophylla hortensis} deciduous shrub bearing roundheaded flower clusters opening green and aging to pink or blue

{n: hound's-tongue, Cynoglossum officinale} biennial shrub of Europe and western Asia having coarse tongue-shaped leaves and dark reddish-purple flowers

{n: huckleberry oak, Quercus vaccinifolia} a low spreading or prostrate shrub of southwestern United States with small acorns and leaves resembling those of the huckleberry

{n: hyacinth bean, bonavist, Indian bean, Egyptian bean, Lablab purpureus, Dolichos lablab} perennial twining vine of Old World tropics having trifoliate leaves and racemes of fragrant purple pea-like flowers followed by maroon pods of edible seeds; grown as an ornamental and as a vegetable on the Indian subcontinent; sometimes placed in genus Dolichos

{n: hydrophobicity} the property of being water-repellent; tending to repel and not absorb water

{n: impala lily, mock azalia, desert rose, kudu lily, Adenium obesum, Adenium multiflorum} South African shrub having a swollen succulent stem and bearing showy pink and white flowers after the leaves fall; popular as an ornamental in tropics

{n: indigo, indigo plant, Indigofera tinctoria} deciduous subshrub of southeastern Asia having pinnate leaves and clusters of red or purple flowers; a source of indigo dye

{n: inductee} a person inducted into an organization
"Ty Cobb and Babe Ruth were 1936 inductees in the National Baseball Hall of Fame"

{n: infliximab, Remicade} an anti-TNF compound (trade name Remicade) consisting of an antibody directed against TNF; it is given intravenously at one-month to three-month intervals; used in treatment of regional enteritis and rheumatoid arthritis

{n: intercostal artery, arteria intercostalis} several arteries and supplying the intercostal spaces of the rib cage

{n: jab, jabbing, poke, poking, thrust, thrusting} a sharp hand gesture (resembling a blow)
"he warned me with a jab with his finger"
"he made a thrusting motion with his fist"

{n: jack-in-the-pulpit, Indian turnip, wake-robin, Arisaema triphyllum, Arisaema atrorubens} common American spring-flowering woodland herb having sheathing leaves and an upright club-shaped spadix with overarching green and purple spathe producing scarlet berries

{n: japonica, Camellia japonica} greenhouse shrub with glossy green leaves and showy fragrant roselike flowers; cultivated in many varieties

{n: job} an object worked on; a result produced by working
"he held the job in his left hand and worked on it with his right"

{n: jockey club} a club to promote and regulate horse racing

{n: jungle gym} a structure of vertical and horizontal rods where children can climb and play

{n: junk bond, high-yield bond} a (speculative) bond with a credit rating of BB or lower; issued for leveraged buyouts and other takeovers by companies with questionable credit

{n: kernel, substance, core, center, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul, inwardness, marrow, meat, nub, pith, sum, nitty-gritty} the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
"the gist of the prosecutor's argument"
"the heart and soul of the Republican Party"
"the nub of the story"

{n: kidney vetch, Anthyllis vulneraria} perennial Eurasian herb having heads of red or yellow flowers and common in meadows and pastures; formerly used medicinally for kidney disorders

{n: knob} a round handle

{n: kowhai, Sophora tetraptera} shrub or small tree of New Zealand and Chile having pendulous racemes of tubular golden-yellow flowers; yields a hard strong wood

{n: lacebark, ribbonwood, houhere, Hoheria populnea} small tree or shrub of New Zealand having a profusion of axillary clusters of honey-scented paper-white flowers and whose bark is used for cordage

{n: laser-guided bomb, LGB} a smart bomb that seeks the laser light reflected off of the target and uses it to correct its descent
"laser-guided bombs cannot be used in cloudy weather"

{n: laurel sumac, Malosma laurina, Rhus laurina} small aromatic evergreen shrub of California having paniculate leaves and whitish berries; in some classifications included in genus Rhus

{n: lawyerbush, lawyer bush, bush lawyer, Rubus cissoides, Rubus australis} stout-stemmed trailing shrub of New Zealand that scrambles over other growth

{n: leadplant, lead plant, Amorpha canescens} shrub of sandy woodlands and stream banks of western United States having hoary pinnate flowers and dull-colored racemose flowers; thought to indicate the presence of lead ore

{n: leather flower, vase-fine, vase vine, Clematis viorna} scandent subshrub of southeastern United States having large red-purple bell-shaped flowers with leathery recurved sepals

{n: leatherwood, moosewood, moose-wood, wicopy, ropebark, Dirca palustris} deciduous shrub of eastern North America having tough flexible branches and pliable bark and small yellow flowers

{n: leek} related to onions; white cylindrical bulb and flat dark-green leaves

{n: leg} a human limb; commonly used to refer to a whole limb but technically only the part of the limb between the knee and ankle

{n: leisure, leisure time} time available for ease and relaxation
"his job left him little leisure"

{n: lesser celandine, pilewort, Ranunculus ficaria} perennial herb native to Europe but naturalized elsewhere having heart-shaped leaves and yellow flowers resembling buttercups; its tuberous roots have been used as a poultice to relieve piles

{n: little golden zinnia, Zinnia grandiflora} subshrub having short leafy stems and numerous small flower heads with nearly round yellow-orange rays; Arizona south to Mexico and east to Kansas

{n: loft bombing, toss bombing} a bombing run in which the bomber approaches the target at a low altitude and pulls up just before releasing the bomb

{n: logwood, logwood tree, campeachy, bloodwood tree, Haematoxylum campechianum} spiny shrub or small tree of Central America and West Indies having bipinnate leaves and racemes of small bright yellow flowers and yielding a hard brown or brownish-red heartwood used in preparing a black dye

{n: low-bush blueberry, low blueberry, Vaccinium angustifolium, Vaccinium pennsylvanicum} low-growing deciduous shrub of northeastern North America having flowers in compact racemes and bearing sweet dark blue berries

{n: madder, Rubia tinctorum} Eurasian herb having small yellow flowers and red roots formerly an important source of the dye alizarin

{n: makomako, New Zealand wine berry, wineberry, Aristotelia serrata, Aristotelia racemosa} graceful deciduous shrub or small tree having attractive foliage and small red berries that turn black at maturity and are used for making wine

{n: mandarin, mandarin orange, mandarin orange tree, Citrus reticulata} shrub or small tree having flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and easily removed; native to southeastern Asia

{n: mangrove, Rhizophora mangle} a tropical tree or shrub bearing fruit that germinates while still on the tree and having numerous prop roots that eventually form an impenetrable mass and are important in land building

{n: marsh andromeda, common bog rosemary, Andromeda polifolia} erect to procumbent evergreen shrub having pendent clusters of white or pink flowers; of sphagnum peat bogs and other wet acidic areas in northern Europe

{n: marsh cress, yellow watercress, Rorippa islandica} annual or biennial cress growing in damp places sometimes used in salads or as a potherb; troublesome weed in some localities

{n: marsh marigold, kingcup, meadow bright, May blob, cowslip, water dragon, Caltha palustris} swamp plant of Europe and North America having bright yellow flowers resembling buttercups

{n: martynia, Martynia annua} sprawling annual or perennial herb of Central America and West Indies having creamy-white to red-purple bell-shaped flowers followed by unusual horned fruit

{n: mastaba, mastabah} an ancient Egyptian mud-brick tomb with a rectangular base and sloping sides and flat roof
"the Egyptian pyramids developed from the mastaba"

{n: master file, main file} (computer science) a computer file that is used as the authority in a given job and that is relatively permanent

{n: matilija poppy, California tree poppy, Romneya coulteri} tall branching subshrub of California and Mexico often cultivated for its silvery-blue foliage and large fragrant white flowers

{n: mayapple, May apple, wild mandrake, Podophyllum peltatum} North American herb with poisonous root stock and edible though insipid fruit

{n: mercury thermometer, mercury-in-glass thermometer} thermometer consisting of mercury contained in a bulb at the bottom of a graduated sealed glass capillary tube marked in degrees Celsius or Fahrenheit; mercury expands with a rise in temperature causing a thin thread of mercury to rise in the tube

{n: mescal bean, coral bean, frijolito, frijolillo, Sophora secundiflora} shrub or small tree having pinnate leaves poisonous to livestock and dense racemes of intensely fragrant blue flowers and red beans

{n: microwave bomb, E-bomb} a bomb that explodes in midair and releases a massive burst of electromagnetic energy sufficient to disable computers and telecommunications without killing people or damaging buildings

{n: mission bells, rice-grain fritillary, Fritillaria affinis, Fritillaria lanceolata, Fritillaria mutica} herb of northwestern America having green-and-purple bell-shaped flowers

{n: mock orange, syringa, Philadelphus coronarius} large hardy shrub with showy and strongly fragrant creamy-white flowers in short terminal racemes

{n: monkshood, helmetflower, helmet flower, Aconitum napellus} a poisonous herb native to northern Europe having hooded blue-purple flowers; the dried leaves and roots yield aconite

{n: mountain laurel, wood laurel, American laurel, calico bush, Kalmia latifolia} a North American evergreen shrub having glossy leaves and white or rose-colored flowers

{n: mountain rimu, Lepidothamnus laxifolius, Dacridium laxifolius} low-growing to prostrate shrub with slender trailing branches; New Zealand

{n: mule's ears, Wyethia amplexicaulis} balsamic-resinous herb with clumps of lanceolate leaves and stout leafy stems ending in large deep yellow flowers on long stalks; northwestern United States

{n: mushroom, mushroom cloud, mushroom-shaped cloud} a large cloud of rubble and dust shaped like a mushroom and rising into the sky after an explosion (especially of a nuclear bomb)

{n: mustang mint, Monardella lanceolata} fragrant California annual herb having lanceolate leaves and clusters of rose-purple flowers

{n: naranjilla, Solanum quitoense} small perennial shrub cultivated in uplands of South America for its edible bright orange fruits resembling tomatoes or oranges

{n: native cranberry, groundberry, ground-berry, cranberry heath, Astroloma humifusum, Styphelia humifusum} small prostrate or ascending shrub having scarlet flowers and succulent fruit resembling cranberries; sometimes place in genus Styphelia

{n: needlebush, needle-bush, needle bush, Hakea lissosperma} shrub with pungent rigid needle-shaped leaves and white flowers; eastern Australia

{n: newsroom} a reading room (in a library or club) where newspapers and other periodicals can be read

{n: nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, NAD} a coenzyme present in most living cells and derived from the B vitamin nicotinic acid; serves as a reductant in various metabolic processes

{n: north island edelweiss, Leucogenes leontopodium} perennial herb closely resembling European edelweiss; New Zealand

{n: nut-leaved screw tree, Helicteres isora} East Indian shrub often cultivated for its hairy leaves and orange-red flowers

{n: ocotillo, coachwhip, Jacob's staff, vine cactus, Fouquieria splendens} desert shrub of southwestern United States and Mexico having slender naked spiny branches that after the rainy season put forth foliage and clusters of red flowers

{n: oleander, rose bay, Nerium oleander} an ornamental but poisonous flowering shrub having narrow evergreen leaves and clusters of fragrant white to pink or red flowers: native to East Indies but widely cultivated in warm regions

{n: onion dome} a dome that is shaped like a bulb; characteristic of Russian and Byzantine church architecture

{n: open-heart surgery} heart surgery in which the rib cage is spread open, the heart is stopped and blood is detoured through a heart-lung machine while a heart valve or coronary artery is surgically repaired

{n: opium poppy, Papaver somniferum} southwestern Asian herb with greyish leaves and white or reddish flowers; source of opium

{n: paloverde} a thorny shrub of the genus Cercidium that grows in dry parts of the southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico; has smooth light green bark and racemes of yellow flowers and small leaves

{n: pantothenic acid, pantothen} a vitamin of the vitamin B complex that performs an important role in the oxidation of fats and carbohydrates and certain amino acids; occurs in many foods

{n: pennyroyal, American pennyroyal, Hedeoma pulegioides} erect hairy branching American herb having purple-blue flowers; yields an essential oil used as an insect repellent and sometimes in folk medicine

{n: pepper shrub, Pseudowintera colorata, Wintera colorata} evergreen shrub or small tree whose foliage is conspicuously blotched with red and yellow and having small black fruits

{n: pia, Indian arrowroot, Tacca leontopetaloides, Tacca pinnatifida} perennial herb of East Indies to Polynesia and Australia; cultivated for its large edible root yielding Otaheite arrowroot starch

{n: pickaback plant, piggyback plant, youth-on-age, Tolmiea menziesii} vigorous perennial herb with flowers in erect racemes and having young plants develop at the junction of a leaf blade and the leafstalk

{n: pieplant, rhubarb} long pinkish sour leafstalks usually eaten cooked and sweetened

{n: pigeon pea, pigeon-pea plant, cajan pea, catjang pea, red gram, dhal, dahl, Cajanus cajan} tropical woody herb with showy yellow flowers and flat pods; much cultivated in the tropics

{n: pinesap, false beachdrops, Monotropa hypopithys} fleshy tawny or reddish saprophytic herb resembling the Indian pipe and growing in woodland humus of eastern North America; in some classifications placed in a separate genus Hypopitys

{n: plasma cell, plasmacyte} a cell that develops from a B lymphocyte in reaction to a specific antigen; found in bone marrow and sometimes in the blood

{n: poison ash, poison dogwood, poison sumac, Toxicodendron vernix, Rhus vernix} smooth American swamp shrub with pinnate leaves and greenish flowers followed by greenish white berries; yields an irritating oil

{n: poke, pigeon berry, garget, scoke, Phytolacca americana} tall coarse perennial American herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous

{n: posterior serratus muscle, serratus posterior, musculus serratus posterior} skeletal muscle that draws the rib cage backward and downward

{n: problem, job} a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved
"she and her husband are having problems"
"it is always a job to contact him"
"urban problems such as traffic congestion and smog"

{n: protea} any tropical African shrub of the genus Protea having alternate rigid leaves and dense colorful flower heads resembling cones

{n: pterosaur, flying reptile} an extinct reptile of the Jurassic and Cretaceous having a birdlike beak and membranous wings supported by the very long fourth digit of each forelimb

{n: public house, pub, saloon, pothouse, gin mill, taphouse} tavern consisting of a building with a bar and public rooms; often provides light meals

{n: rabbit brush, rabbit bush, Chrysothamnus nauseosus} pleasantly aromatic shrub having erect slender flexible hairy branches and dense clusters of small yellow flowers covering vast areas of western alkali plains and affording a retreat for jackrabbits; source of a yellow dye used by the Navajo

{n: rabbitweed, rabbit-weed, snakeweed, broom snakeweed, broom snakeroot, turpentine weed, Gutierrezia sarothrae} low-growing sticky subshrub of southwestern United States having narrow linear leaves on many slender branches and hundreds of tiny yellow flower heads

{n: rabbitwood, buffalo nut, Pyrularia pubera} shrub of southeastern United States parasitic on roots of hemlocks having sparse spikes of greenish flowers and pulpy drupes

{n: ramp, wild leek, Allium tricoccum} North American perennial having a slender bulb and whitish flowers

{n: rattlesnake root, Prenanthes purpurea} herb of central and southern Europe having purple florets

{n: rauwolfia, rauvolfia} any shrub or small tree of the genus Rauwolfia having leaves in whorls and cymose flowers; yield substances used medicinally especially as emetics or purgatives or antihypertensives

{n: red baneberry, redberry, red-berry, snakeberry, Actaea rubra} North American perennial herb with alternately compound leaves and racemes of small white flowers followed by bright red oval poisonous berries

{n: red osier, red osier dogwood, red dogwood, American dogwood, redbrush, Cornus stolonifera} common North American shrub with reddish purple twigs and white flowers

{n: red shrubby penstemon, redwood penstemon} low branching dark green shrub with bunches of brick-red flowers at ends of branches; coastal ranges and foothills of northern California

{n: red-flowered silky oak, Grevillea banksii} tall shrub with cylindrical racemes of red flowers and pinnatifid leaves silky and grey beneath; eastern Australia

{n: redberry, red-berry, Rhamnus croceus} small spiny evergreen shrub of western United States and Mexico with minute flowers and bright red berries

{n: rest, eternal rest, sleep, eternal sleep, quietus} euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb)
"she was laid to rest beside her husband"
"they had to put their family pet to sleep"

{n: retem, raetam, juniper bush, juniper, Retama raetam, Genista raetam} desert shrub of Syria and Arabia having small white flowers; constitutes the juniper of the Old Testament; sometimes placed in genus Genista

{n: rhododendron} any shrub of the genus Rhododendron: evergreen shrubs or small shrubby trees having leathery leaves and showy clusters of campanulate (bell-shaped) flowers

{n: rhubarb pie} pie containing diced rhubarb and much sugar

{n: rhubarb, rhubarb plant} plants having long green or reddish acidic leafstalks growing in basal clumps; stems (and only the stems) are edible when cooked; leaves are poisonous

{n: rhythm and blues, R and B} a combination of blues and jazz that was developed in the United States by Black musicians; an important precursor of rock 'n' roll

{n: rib roast, standing rib roast} a cut of meat including more than one rib

{n: rib, costa} any of the 12 pairs of curved arches of bone extending from the spine to or toward the sternum in humans (and similar bones in most vertebrates)

{n: ringworm bush, ringworm shrub, ringworm cassia, Senna alata, Cassia alata} tropical shrub (especially of Americas) having yellow flowers and large leaves whose juice is used as a cure for ringworm and poisonous bites; sometimes placed in genus Cassia

{n: rockrose, rock rose} small shrubs of scrub and dry woodland regions of southern Europe and North Africa; grown for their showy flowers and soft often downy and aromatic evergreen foliage

{n: rooibos, Aspalathus linearis, Aspalathus cedcarbergensis} South African shrub having flat acuminate leaves and yellow flowers; leaves are aromatic when dried and used to make an herbal tea

{n: rose of Sharon, Hibiscus syriacus} Asiatic shrub or small shrubby tree having showy bell-shaped rose or purple or white flowers and usually three-lobed leaves; widely cultivated in temperate North America and Europe

{n: roselle, rozelle, sorrel, red sorrel, Jamaica sorrel, Hibiscus sabdariffa} East Indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber

{n: rotter, dirty dog, rat, skunk, stinker, stinkpot, bum, puke, crumb, lowlife, scum bag, so-and-so, git} a person who is deemed to be despicable or contemptible
"only a rotter would do that"
"kill the rat"
"throw the bum out"
"you cowardly little pukes!"
"the British call a contemptible person a `git'"

{n: royal poinciana, flamboyant, flame tree, peacock flower, Delonix regia, Poinciana regia} showy tropical tree or shrub native to Madagascar; widely planted in tropical regions for its immense racemes of scarlet and orange flowers; sometimes placed in genus Poinciana

{n: rubidium, Rb, atomic number 37} a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali metal group; burns in air and reacts violently in water; occurs in carnallite and lepidolite and pollucite

{n: sack} the plundering of a place by an army or mob; usually involves destruction and slaughter
"the sack of Rome"

{n: salol, phenyl salicylate} a white powder with a pleasant taste and odor; used to absorb light in sun tan lotions or as a preservative or an antiseptic or a coating for pills in which the medicine is intended for enteric release

{n: salsify, oyster plant, vegetable oyster, Tragopogon porrifolius} Mediterranean biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long edible root; naturalized throughout United States

{n: sand sage, silvery wormwood, Artemisia filifolia} silver-haired shrub of central and southern United States and Mexico; a troublesome weed on rangelands

{n: sand spurry, sea spurry, Spergularia rubra} prostrate weedy herb with tiny pink flowers; widespread throughout Europe and Asia on sand dunes and heath and coastal cliffs; naturalized in eastern North America

{n: scalenus, scalene muscle, musculus scalenus} any of four pairs of muscles extending from the cervical vertebrae to the second rib; involved in moving the neck and in breathing

{n: scarlet fritillary, Fritillaria recurva} western United States herb with scarlet and yellow narrow bell-shaped flowers

{n: scarlet haw, Crataegus biltmoreana} common shrub or small tree of the eastern United States having few thorns and white flowers in corymbs followed by bright orange-red berries

{n: scrub beefwood, beefwood, Stenocarpus salignus} tree or tall shrub with shiny leaves and umbels of fragrant creamy-white flowers; yields hard heavy reddish wood

{n: scrub, scrubbing, scouring} the act of cleaning a surface by rubbing it with a brush and soap and water

{n: scrubbird, scrub-bird, scrub bird} small fast-running Australian bird resembling a wren and frequenting brush or scrub

{n: scrubland} an uncultivated region covered with scrub vegetation

{n: sensitive plant, touch-me-not, shame plant, live-and-die, humble plant, action plant, Mimosa pudica} prostrate or semi-erect subshrub of tropical America, and Australia; heavily armed with recurved thorns and having sensitive soft grey-green leaflets that fold and droop at night or when touched or cooled

{n: setscrew} a screw (often without a head) that fits into the boss or hub of a wheel or cam etc. and prevents motion of the part relative to the shaft on which it is mounted

{n: sheep laurel, pig laurel, lambkill, Kalmia angustifolia} North American dwarf shrub resembling mountain laurel but having narrower leaves and small red flowers; poisonous to young stock

{n: short ribs} rib ends between the rib road and the plate

{n: shot, shaft, slam, dig, barb, jibe, gibe} an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect
"his parting shot was `drop dead'"
"she threw shafts of sarcasm"
"she takes a dig at me every chance she gets"

{n: skunkweed, skunk-weed, Polemonium viscosum} tall herb of the Rocky Mountains having sticky leaves and an offensive smell

{n: smoke tree, Dalea spinosa} greyish-green shrub of desert regions of southwestern United States and Mexico having sparse foliage and terminal spikes of bluish violet flowers; locally important as source of a light-colored honey of excellent flavor

{n: smooth sumac, scarlet sumac, vinegar tree, Rhus glabra} common nonpoisonous shrub of eastern North America with waxy compound leaves and green paniculate flowers followed by red berries

{n: snakewood, Rauwolfia serpentina} East Indian climbing shrub with twisted limbs and roots resembling serpents

{n: snap} the noise produced by the rapid movement of a finger from the tip to the base of the thumb on the same hand
"servants appeared at the snap of his fingers"

{n: snob, prig, snot, snoot} a person regarded as arrogant and annoying

{n: soft-shell crab, soft-shelled crab} edible crab that has recently molted and not yet formed its new shell

{n: soy, soya, soybean, soya bean, soybean plant, soja, soja bean, Glycine max} erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil-rich seeds; native to Asia

{n: speckled alder, Alnus rugosa} common shrub of Canada and northeastern United States having shoots scattered with rust-colored down

{n: sponge} a porous mass of interlacing fibers the forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly used

{n: squawbush, squaw-bush, skunkbush, Rhus trilobata} deciduous shrub of California with unpleasantly scented usually trifoliate leaves and edible fruit

{n: stepping stone} any means of advancement
"the job was just a stepping stone on his way to fame and riches"

{n: stone crab} pale flesh with delicate texture and flavor; found in Florida but now very rare

{n: stone parsley, Sison amomum} a slender roadside herb of western Europe and Mediterranean areas that has foliage resembling parsley and has white flowers with aromatic seeds

{n: stovepiping} retrieval of information from unconnected databases; the situation that exists when it is necessary to climb out of one database in order to climb down into another; sometimes used for protection against wandering hackers

{n: street arab, gamin, throwaway} a homeless boy who has been abandoned and roams the streets

{n: stroke, shot} (sports) the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club or racket or bat or cue or hand
"it took two strokes to get out of the bunker"
"a good shot require good balance and tempo"
"he left me an almost impossible shot"

{n: sugar-bush, sugar sumac, Rhus ovata} evergreen shrub of southeastern United States with spikes of reddish yellow flowers and glandular hairy fruits

{n: swamp azalea, swamp honeysuckle, white honeysuckle, Rhododendron viscosum} shrub growing in swamps throughout the eastern United States and having small white to pinkish flowers resembling honeysuckle

{n: swamp oak, Viminaria juncea, Viminaria denudata} Australian leafless shrub resembling broom and having small yellow flowers

{n: sweet false chamomile, wild chamomile, German chamomile, Matricaria recutita, Matricaria chamomilla} annual Eurasian herb similar in fragrance and medicinal uses to chamomile though taste is more bitter and effect is considered inferior

{n: sweet pepperbush, pepper bush, summer sweet, white alder, Clethra alnifolia} shrub of eastern and southern coastal United States having beautiful racemes of spice-scented white flowers

{n: tab} a short strip of material attached to or projecting from something in order to facilitate opening or identifying or handling it
"pull the tab to open the can"
"files with a red tab will be stored separately"
"the collar has a tab with a button hole"
"the filing cards were organized by cards having indexed tabs"

{n: tamarisk} any shrub or small tree of the genus Tamarix having small scalelike or needle-shaped leaves and feathery racemes of small white or pinkish flowers; of mostly coastal areas with saline soil

{n: tansy-leaved rocket, Hugueninia tanacetifolia, Sisymbrium tanacetifolia} perennial stellate and hairy herb with small yellow flowers of mountains of southern Europe; sometimes placed in genus Sisymbrium

{n: taro, taro plant, dalo, dasheen, Colocasia esculenta} herb of the Pacific islands grown throughout the tropics for its edible root and in temperate areas as an ornamental for its large glossy leaves

{n: teaberry, wintergreen, checkerberry, mountain tea, groundberry, ground-berry, creeping wintergreen, Gaultheria procumbens} creeping shrub of eastern North America having white bell-shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil

{n: telegraph plant, semaphore plant, Codariocalyx motorius, Desmodium motorium, Desmodium gyrans} erect tropical Asian shrub whose small lateral leaflets rotate on their axes and jerk up and down under the influence of sunshine

{n: television receiver, television, television set, tv, tv set, idiot box, boob tube, telly, goggle box} an electronic device that receives television signals and displays them on a screen
"the British call a tv set a telly"

{n: terbium, Tb, atomic number 65} a metallic element of the rare earth group; used in lasers; occurs in apatite and monazite and xenotime and ytterbite

{n: thyme-leaved speedwell, Veronica serpyllifolia} perennial decumbent herb having small opposite leaves and racemes of blue flowers; throughout Eurasia and the New World

{n: ti, Cordyline terminalis} shrub with terminal tufts of elongated leaves used locally for thatching and clothing; thick sweet roots are used as food; tropical southeastern Asia, Australia and Hawaii

{n: toyon, tollon, Christmasberry, Christmas berry, Heteromeles arbutifolia, Photinia arbutifolia} ornamental evergreen treelike shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States having large white flowers and red berrylike fruits; often placed in genus Photinia

{n: trailing arbutus, mayflower, Epigaea repens} low-growing evergreen shrub of eastern North America with leathery leaves and clusters of fragrant pink or white flowers

{n: trapper's tea, glandular Labrador tea} a Rocky Mountain shrub similar to Ledum groenlandicum

{n: travel expense} (frequently plural) expenses incurred by an employee in the performance of the job and usually reimbursed by the employer

{n: tree heath, briar, brier, Erica arborea} evergreen treelike Mediterranean shrub having fragrant white flowers in large terminal panicles and hard woody roots used to make tobacco pipes

{n: tree mallow, velvetleaf, velvet-leaf, Lavatera arborea} arborescent perennial shrub having palmately lobed furry leaves and showy red-purple flowers; southwestern United States

{n: true frog, ranid} insectivorous usually semiaquatic web-footed amphibian with smooth moist skin and long hind legs

{n: tub-thumper} a noisy and vigorous or ranting public speaker

{n: umbrella plant, Indian rhubarb, Darmera peltata, Peltiphyllum peltatum} rhizomatous perennial herb with large dramatic peltate leaves and white to bright pink flowers in round heads on leafless stems; colonizes stream banks in the Sierra Nevada in California

{n: unresponsiveness, deadness} the quality of being unresponsive; not reacting; as a quality of people, it is marked by a failure to respond quickly or with emotion to people or events
"she began to recover from her numb unresponsiveness after the accident"
"in an instant all the deadness and withdrawal were wiped away"
<-> responsiveness

{n: valet parking} a service provided (at a club or restaurant or airport etc.) whereby a patron leaves a car at the entrance and an attendant parks and retrieves it

{n: violet wood sorrel, Oxalis violacea} perennial herb of eastern North America with palmately compound leaves and usually rose-purple flowers

{n: vitamin B2, vitamin G, riboflavin, lactoflavin, ovoflavin, hepatoflavin} a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss

{n: vitamin Bc, vitamin M, folate, folic acid, folacin, pteroylglutamic acid, pteroylmonoglutamic acid} a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction

{n: wall germander, Teucrium chamaedrys} European perennial subshrub with red-purple or bright rose flowers with red and white spots

{n: waratah, Telopea Oreades} tall shrub of eastern Australia having oblanceolate to obovate leaves and red flowers in compact racemes

{n: waratah, Telopea speciosissima} straggling shrub with narrow leaves and conspicuous red flowers in dense globular racemes

{n: water dropwort, hemlock water dropwort, Oenanthe crocata} European poisonous herb having tuberous roots, yellow juice that stains the skin, yellow flowers and foliage resembling celery; all parts extremely poisonous

{n: water lobelia, Lobelia dortmanna} erect perennial aquatic herb of Europe and North America having submerged spongy leaves and pendulous racemes of blue flowers above the water

{n: wattle and daub} building material consisting of interwoven rods and twigs covered with clay

{n: web-toed salamander} any of several salamanders with webbed toes and very long extensile tongues; excellent climbers that move with ease over smooth rock surfaces

{n: white mangrove, Laguncularia racemosa} shrub to moderately large tree that grows in brackish water along the seacoasts of western Africa and tropical America; locally important as a source of tannin

{n: white snakeroot, white sanicle, Ageratina altissima, Eupatorium rugosum} American herb having flat-topped clusters of small white flower heads; reputedly a cause of trembles and milk sickness; sometimes placed in genus Eupatorium

{n: white zinnia, Zinnia acerosa} subshrub with slender woolly stems and long narrow leaves and flower heads with white rays; southern United States and northern Mexico

{n: white-rayed mule's ears, Wyethia helianthoides} herb with basal leaves and leafy hairy stems bearing solitary flower heads with white or pale cream rays; northwestern United States

{n: white-topped aster} herb having corymbose white-rayed flowers with scaly bracts and silky indehiscent fruits

{n: wild buckwheat, California buckwheat, Erigonum fasciculatum} low-growing shrub with spreading branches and flowers in loose heads; desert regions of western United States (California to Utah)

{n: wild carrot, Queen Anne's lace, Daucus carota} a widely naturalized Eurasian herb with finely cut foliage and white compound umbels of small white or yellowish flowers and thin yellowish roots

{n: wild cinnamon, white cinnamon tree, Canella winterana, Canella-alba} large evergreen shrub or small tree having white aromatic bark and leathery leaves and small purple to red flowers in terminal cymes

{n: wild ginger} low-growing perennial herb with pungent gingery leaves and rhizomes

{n: wild olive, Elaeagnus latifolia} erect shrub or climber of India and China with red olivelike fruit

{n: wild rosemary, marsh tea, Ledum palustre} bog shrub of northern and central Europe and eastern Siberia to Korea and Japan

{n: wild sarsaparilla, false sarsaparilla, wild sarsparilla, Aralia nudicaulis} common perennial herb having aromatic roots used as a substitute for sarsaparilla; central and eastern North America

{n: wolfsbane, wolfbane, wolf's bane, Aconitum lycoctonum} poisonous Eurasian perennial herb with broad rounded leaves and yellow flowers and fibrous rootstock

{n: wood nettle, Laportea canadensis} American perennial herb found in rich woods and provided with stinging hairs; provides fibers used for textiles

{n: woodland star, Lithophragma affine, Lithophragma affinis, Tellima affinis} California perennial herb cultivated for its racemose white flowers with widely spreading petals; sometimes placed in genus Tellima

{n: xiphoid process} smallest of the three parts of the breastbone; articulates with the corpus sternum and the seventh rib

{n: yellow clintonia, heal all, Clintonia borealis} common woodland herb of temperate North America having yellow nodding flowers and small round blue fruits

{n: yellow-leaf sickle pine, Falcatifolium taxoides} a rain forest tree or shrub of New Caledonia having a conic crown and pale green sickle-shaped leaves; host species for the rare parasite yew

{n: yerba mansa, Anemopsis californica} stoloniferous herb of southwestern United States and Mexico having a pungent rootstock and small spicate flowers with white bracts suggesting an anemone

{n: ytterbium, Yb, atomic number 70} a soft silvery metallic element; a rare earth of the lanthanide series; it occurs in gadolinite and monazite and xenotime

{n: zill} one of a pair of small metallic cymbals worn on the thumb and middle finger; used in belly dancing in rhythm with the dance

{v: bob} move up and down repeatedly
"her rucksack bobbed gently on her back"

{v: botch, bumble, fumble, botch up, muff, blow, flub, screw up, ball up, spoil, muck up, bungle, fluff, bollix, bollix up, bollocks, bollocks up, bobble, mishandle, louse up, foul up, mess up, fuck up} make a mess of, destroy or ruin
"I botched the dinner and we had to eat out"
"the pianist screwed up the difficult passage in the second movement"

{v: browse, surf} look around casually and randomly, without seeking anything in particular
"browse a computer directory"
"surf the internet or the world wide web"

{v: burglarize, burglarise, burgle, heist} commit a burglary ; enter and rob a dwelling

{v: bury, entomb, inhume, inter, lay to rest} place in a grave or tomb
"Stalin was buried behind the Kremlin wall on Red Square"
"The pharaos were entombed in the pyramids"
"My grandfather was laid to rest last Sunday"

{v: chatter, piffle, palaver, prate, tittle-tattle, twaddle, clack, maunder, prattle, blab, gibber, tattle, blabber, gabble} speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly

{v: choke, gag, fret} be too tight ; rub or press
"This neckband is choking the cat"

{v: curtsy, bob} make a curtsy ; usually done only by girls and women ; as a sign of respect
"She curtsied when she shook the Queen's hand"

{v: dress, clothe, enclothe, garb, raiment, tog, garment, habilitate, fit out, apparel} provide with clothes or put clothes on
"Parents must feed and dress their child"
<-> undress

{v: escalade} climb up and over
"They had to escalade canyons to reach their destination"

{v: grab} take or grasp suddenly
"She grabbed the child's hand and ran out of the room"

{v: grub up, grub out} of roots and tree stumps, for example

{v: honeycomb} penetrate thoroughly and into every part
"the revolutionaries honeycombed the organization"

{v: necessitate, ask, postulate, need, require, take, involve, call for, demand} require as useful, just, or proper
"It takes nerve to do what she did"
"success usually requires hard work"
"This job asks a lot of patience and skill"
"This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"
"This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"
"This intervention does not postulates a patient's consent"
<-> obviate

{v: post} ride Western style and bob up and down in the saddle in in rhythm with a horse's trotting gait

{v: pulsate, throb, pulse} expand and contract rhythmically ; beat rhythmically
"The baby's heart was pulsating again after the surgeon massaged it"

{v: rebuff, snub, repel} reject outright and bluntly
"She snubbed his proposal"

{v: rub} move over something with pressure
"rub my hands"
"rub oil into her skin"

{v: sandpaper, sand} rub with sandpaper
"sandpaper the wooden surface"

{v: strike dumb} render speechless, as by surprising or shocking
"we were dumbstruck by the candidate's announcement"

{v: vibrate} shake, quiver, or throb ; move back and forth rapidly, usually in an uncontrolled manner


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