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{adj: Carolingian} of or relating to the Frankish dynasty founded by Charlemagne's father



{adj: Darwinian} of or relating to Charles Darwin's theory of organic evolution
"Darwinian theories"

{adj: Gilbertian} of or pertaining to or characteristic of the style of William S. Gilbert
"Gilbertian libretti"

{adj: Gram-negative} (of bacteria) being of or relating to a bacterium that does not retain the violet stain used in Gram's method

{adj: Gram-positive} (of bacteria) being or relating to a bacterium that retains the violet stain used in Gram's method

{adj: Mendelian} of or relating to Gregor Mendel or in accord with Mendel's laws
"Mendelian inheritance"

{adj: Mongolian} of or relating to the modern Mongolian People's Republic
"the Mongolian embassy"

{adj: Riemannian} of or relating to Riemann's non-Euclidean geometry

{adj: abashed, chagrined, embarrassed} feeling or caused to feel uneasy and self-conscious
"felt abashed at the extravagant praise"
"chagrined at the poor sales of his book"
"was embarrassed by her child's tantrums"

{adj: ablated} made smaller or less by melting or erosion or vaporization
"the rocket's ablated head shield"

{adj: ablaze, afire, aflame, aflare, alight, blazing, burning, flaming, on fire} lighted up by or as by fire or flame
"forests set ablaze (or afire) by lightning"
"even the car's tires were aflame"
"a night aflare with fireworks"
"candles alight on the tables"
"blazing logs in the fireplace"
"a burning cigarette"
"a flaming crackling fire"
"houses on fire"

{adj: absolute, conclusive} expressing finality with no implication of possible change
"an absolute guarantee to respect the nation's authority"
"inability to make a conclusive refusal"

{adj: abstruse, deep, recondite} difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or knowledge
"the professor's lectures were so abstruse that students tended to avoid them"
"a deep metaphysical theory"
"some recondite problem in historiography"

{adj: absurd, cockeyed, derisory, idiotic, laughable, ludicrous, nonsensical, preposterous, ridiculous} incongruous;inviting ridicule
"the absurd excuse that the dog ate his homework"
"that's a cockeyed idea"
"ask a nonsensical question and get a nonsensical answer"
"a contribution so small as to be laughable"
"it is ludicrous to call a cottage a mansion"
"a preposterous attempt to turn back the pages of history"
"her conceited assumption of universal interest in her rather dull children was ridiculous"

{adj: accordant} being in agreement or harmony; often followed by `with'
"a place perfectly accordant with man's nature"-Thomas Hardy
<-> discordant

{adj: accountable} liable to account for one's actions
"governments must be accountable to someone beside themselves"
"fully accountable for what they did"
"the court held the parents answerable for their minor child's acts of vandalism"
"he was answerable to no one"

{adj: acold} of persons; feeling cold
"Poor Tom's acold"- Shakespeare

{adj: actual} being or existing at the present moment
"the ship's actual position is 22 miles due south of Key West"

{adj: adapted, altered} changed in order to improve or made more fit for a particular purpose
"seeds precisely adapted to the area"
"instructions altered to suit the children's different ages"

{adj: adjusted} (especially of garments) having the fit or style adjusted
"for my wedding I had my mother's wedding dress altered to fit me"

{adj: advanced} farther along in physical or mental development
"the child's skeletal age was classified as `advanced'"
"children in the advanced classes in elementary school read far above grade average"

{adj: afoul, foul, fouled} especially of a ship's lines etc
"with its sails afoul"
"a foul anchor"

{adj: age-related} changing (increasing or decreasing) as an individual's age increases

{adj: ageless, aeonian, eonian, eternal, everlasting, perpetual, unending, unceasing} continuing forever or indefinitely
"the ageless themes of love and revenge"
"eternal truths"
"life everlasting"
"hell's perpetual fires"
"the unending bliss of heaven"

{adj: agnate, agnatic, paternal} related on the father's side
"a paternal aunt"

{adj: agreeable} conforming to your own liking or feelings or nature
"Is the plan agreeable to you?"
"he's an agreeable fellow"
"My idea of an agreeable person...is a person who agrees with me"- Disraeli
"an agreeable manner"
<-> disagreeable

{adj: all right, fine, o.k., ok, okay, hunky-dory} being satisfactory or in satisfactory condition
"an all-right movie"
"the passengers were shaken up but are all right"
"is everything all right?"
"everything's fine"
"things are okay"
"dinner and the movies had been fine"
"another minute I'd have been fine"

{adj: amazing, awe-inspiring, awesome, awful, awing} inspiring awe or admiration or wonder
"New York is an amazing city"
"the Grand Canyon is an awe-inspiring sight"
"the awesome complexity of the universe"
"this sea, whose gently awful stirrings seem to speak of some hidden soul beneath"- Melville
"Westminster Hall's awing majesty, so vast, so high, so silent"

{adj: anal, anal retentive} a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.
<-> oral

{adj: analphabetic} not alphabetic
"an analphabetic arrangement of letters"
"Jesperson's system of phonetic transcription is analphabetic"
<-> alphabetic

{adj: anguished, tormented, tortured} experiencing intense pain especially mental pain
"an anguished conscience"
"a small tormented schoolboy"
"a tortured witness to another's humiliation"

{adj: annihilating, devastating, withering} making light of
"afire with annihilating invective"
"a devastating portrait of human folly"
"to compliments inflated I've a withering reply"- W.S.Gilbert

{adj: announced, proclaimed} declared publicly; made widely known
"their announced intentions"
"the newspaper's proclaimed adherence to the government's policy"

{adj: answerable} morally or legally responsible to a higher authority
"parents are answerable for their child's acts"

{adj: antagonistic, incompatible} used especially of drugs or muscles that counteract or neutralize each other's effect
<-> synergistic

{adj: anthropic, anthropical} relating to mankind or the period of mankind's existence

{adj: antic, fantastic, fantastical, grotesque} ludicrously odd
"Hamlet's assumed antic disposition"
"fantastic Halloween costumes"
"a grotesque reflection in the mirror"

{adj: antisocial} shunning contact with others
"standoffish and antisocial"
"he's not antisocial; just shy"

{adj: apocrine} (of exocrine glands) producing a secretion in which part of the secreting cell is released with the secretion
"mother's milk is one apocrine secretion"
<-> eccrine

{adj: apprehensive} in fear or dread of possible evil or harm
"apprehensive for one's life"
"apprehensive of danger"

{adj: appressed, adpressed} pressed close to or lying flat against something
"adpressed hairs along the plant's stem"
"igneous rocks...closely appressed by this force"-L.V.Pirsson

{adj: aquiline, hooked} curved down like an eagle's beak

{adj: ascetic, ascetical, austere, spartan} practicing great self-denial
"Be systematically ascetic...do...something for no other reason than that you would rather not do it"- William James
"a desert nomad's austere life"
"a spartan diet"
"a spartan existence"

{adj: ashen, blanched, bloodless, livid, white} anemic looking from illness or emotion
"a face turned ashen"
"the invalid's blanched cheeks"
"tried to speak with bloodless lips"
"a face livid with shock"
"lips...livid with the hue of death"- Mary W. Shelley
"lips white with terror"
"a face white with rage"

{adj: assumed, arrogated} taken as your right without justification
"was hearing evidence in an assumed capacity"
"Congress's arrogated powers over domains hitherto belonging to the states"

{adj: attributive genitive} a word in the genitive case used as an attributive adjective
"an example of the attributive genitive is `John's' in `John's mother'"

{adj: audiovisual} involving both hearing and seeing (usually relating to teaching aids)
"the school's audiovisual department"

{adj: aureate, florid, flamboyant} elaborately or excessively ornamented
"flamboyant handwriting"
"the senator's florid speech"

{adj: authoritative, important} having authority or ascendancy or influence
"an important official"
"the captain's authoritative manner"

{adj: autographic} written in the author's own handwriting

{adj: avaricious, covetous, grabby, grasping, greedy, prehensile} immoderately desirous of acquiring e.g. wealth
"they are avaricious and will do anything for money"
"casting covetous eyes on his neighbor's fields"
"a grasping old miser"
"grasping commercialism"
"greedy for money and power"
"grew richer and greedier"
"prehensile employers stingy with raises for their employees"

{adj: aware, cognizant, cognisant} (sometimes followed by `of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception
"was aware of his opponent's hostility"
"became aware of her surroundings"
"aware that he had exceeded the speed limit"
<-> unaware

{adj: away, gone, departed} not present; having left
"he's away right now"
"you must not allow a stranger into the house when your mother is away"
"everyone is gone now"
"the departed guests"

{adj: away} used of an opponent's ground
"an away game"
<-> home

{adj: axiomatic, axiomatical, postulational} of or relating to or derived from axioms
"axiomatic physics"
"the postulational method was applied to geometry"- S.S.Stevens

{adj: azure, cerulean, sky-blue, bright blue} of a deep somewhat purplish blue color similar to that of a clear October sky
"October's bright blue weather"

{adj: barbarous, brutal, cruel, fell, roughshod, savage, vicious} (of persons or their actions) able or disposed to inflict pain or suffering
"a barbarous crime"
"brutal beatings"
"cruel tortures"
"Stalin's roughshod treatment of the kulaks"
"a savage slap"
"vicious kicks"

{adj: bardic} being a bard or relating to a bard's poetry
"bardic poetry"

{adj: barky} resembling the rough bark of a tree
"the rattlesnake's barky scales"

{adj: batwing} formed or shaped like a bat's wing
"a dress with batwing sleeves"

{adj: bedraggled, draggled} limp and soiled as if dragged in the mud
"the beggar's bedraggled clothes"
"scarecrows in battered hats or draggled skirts"

{adj: befogged, befuddled} stupefied by alcoholic drink
"the wino's poor befuddled mind"
"a mind befogged with drink"

{adj: begrimed, dingy, grimy, grubby, grungy, raunchy} thickly covered with ingrained dirt or soot
"a miner's begrimed face"
"dingy linen"
"grimy hands"
"grubby little fingers"
"a grungy kitchen"

{adj: beneficial, good, salutary} tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health
"beneficial effects of a balanced diet"
"a good night's sleep"
"the salutary influence of pure air"

{adj: besmirched, damaged, flyblown, spotted, stained, sullied, tainted, tarnished} especially of reputation
"the senator's seriously damaged reputation"
"a flyblown reputation"
"a tarnished reputation"
"inherited a spotted name"

{adj: best-known} most familiar or renowned
"Stevenson's best-known work is probably `Treasure Island'"

{adj: better} (comparative of `good') superior to another (of the same class or set or kind) in excellence or quality or desirability or suitability; more highly skilled than another
"You're a better man than I am, Gunga Din"
"a better coat"
"a better type of car"
"a suit with a better fit"
"a better chance of success"
"produced a better mousetrap"
"she's better in math than in history"
<-> worse

{adj: big, bighearted, bounteous, bountiful, freehanded, handsome, giving, liberal, openhanded} given or giving freely
"was a big tipper"
"the bounteous goodness of God"
"bountiful compliments"
"a freehanded host"
"a handsome allowance"
"Saturday's child is loving and giving"
"a liberal backer of the arts"
"a munificent gift"
"her fond and openhanded grandfather"

{adj: big, large, magnanimous} generous and understanding and tolerant
"a heart big enough to hold no grudges"
"that's very big of you to be so forgiving"
"a large and generous spirit"
"a large heart"
"magnanimous toward his enemies"

{adj: big, large, prominent} conspicuous in position or importance
"a big figure in the movement"
"big man on campus"
"he's very large in financial circles"
"a prominent citizen"

{adj: bigheaded, persnickety, snooty, snot-nosed, snotty, stuck-up, too big for one's breeches, uppish} (used colloquially) overly conceited or arrogant
"a snotty little scion of a degenerate family"-Laurent Le Sage
"they're snobs--stuck-up and uppity and persnickety"

{adj: bird's-eye, panoramic} as from an altitude or distance
"a bird's-eye survey"
"a panoramic view"

{adj: blasted, blame, blamed, blessed, damn, damned, darned, deuced, goddam, goddamn, goddamned, infernal} expletives used informally as intensifiers
"he's a blasted idiot"
"it's a blamed shame"
"a blame cold winter"
"not a blessed dime"
"I'll be damned (or blessed or darned or goddamned) if I'll do any such thing"
"he's a damn (or goddam or goddamned) fool"
"a deuced idiot"
"an infernal nuisance"

{adj: blind} unable or unwilling to perceive or understand
"blind to a lover's faults"
"blind to the consequences of their actions"

{adj: blue, bluish, blueish} of the color intermediate between green and violet; having a color similar to that of a clear unclouded sky
"October's bright blue weather"- Helen Hunt Jackson
"a blue flame"
"blue haze of tobacco smoke"

{adj: bonny, bonnie, comely, fair, sightly} very pleasing to the eye
"my bonny lass"
"there's a bonny bay beyond"
"a comely face"
"young fair maidens"

{adj: boring, deadening, dull, ho-hum, irksome, slow, tedious, tiresome, wearisome} so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness
"a boring evening with uninteresting people"
"the deadening effect of some routine tasks"
"a dull play"
"his competent but dull performance"
"a ho-hum speaker who couldn't capture their attention"
"what an irksome task the writing of long letters is"- Edmund Burke
"tedious days on the train"
"the tiresome chirping of a cricket"- Mark Twain
"other people's dreams are dreadfully wearisome"

{adj: bosomy, busty, buxom, curvaceous, curvy, full-bosomed, sonsie, sonsy, voluptuous, well-endowed} (of a woman's body) having a large bosom and pleasing curves
"Hollywood seems full of curvaceous blondes"
"a curvy young woman in a tight dress"

{adj: breast-fed} (of an infant) fed milk from the mother's breast
<-> bottle-fed

{adj: brief, little} of short duration or distance
"a brief stay in the country"
"in a little while"
"it's a little way away"

{adj: broad, large-minded, liberal, tolerant} showing or characterized by broad-mindedness
"a broad political stance"
"generous and broad sympathies"
"a liberal newspaper"
"tolerant of his opponent's opinions"

{adj: calloused, callous, thickened} having calluses; having skin made tough and thick through wear
"calloused skin"
"with a workman's callous hands"

{adj: camp, campy} providing sophisticated amusement by virtue of having artificially (and vulgarly) mannered or banal or sentimental qualities
"they played up the silliness of their roles for camp effect"
"campy Hollywood musicals of the 1940's"

{adj: can-do} marked by a willingness to tackle a job and get it done
"a can-do kind of person"
"the city's indomitable optimism and can-do spirit"

{adj: careful, heedful} cautiously attentive
"careful of her feelings"
"heedful of his father's advice"

{adj: careful} exercising caution or showing care or attention
"they were careful when crossing the busy street"
"be careful to keep her shoes clean"
"did very careful research"
"careful art restorers"
"careful of the rights of others"
"careful about one's behavior"
<-> careless

{adj: cast-off, discarded, throwaway, thrown-away} thrown away
"wearing someone's cast-off clothes"
"throwaway children living on the streets"
"salvaged some thrown-away furniture"

{adj: casual, cursory, passing, perfunctory} hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough
"a casual (or cursory) inspection failed to reveal the house's structural flaws"
"a passing glance"
"perfunctory courtesy"

{adj: cathedral} relating to or containing or issuing from a bishop's office or throne
"a cathedral church"

{adj: catholic} free from provincial prejudices or attachments
"catholic in one's tastes"

{adj: caviling, carping, nitpicking, pettifogging, quibbling} quibbling over insignificant details
"caviling pettifoggers and quiggling pleaders"-Edmund Burke
"her nagging and carping attack"
"thought her editor unnecessarily nitpicking"
"a pettifogging lawyer's mind"
"had no patience with quibbling critics"

{adj: ceaseless, constant, incessant, never-ending, perpetual, unceasing, unremitting} uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing
"the ceaseless thunder of surf"
"in constant pain"
"night and day we live with the incessant noise of the city"
"the never-ending search for happiness"
"the perpetual struggle to maintain standards in a democracy"
"man's unceasing warfare with drought and isolation"
"unremitting demands of hunger"

{adj: censorial} belonging or relating to a censor or a censor's functions

{adj: changed} made or become different in some respect
"he's an altered (or changed) man since his election to Congress"

{adj: characteristic} typical or distinctive
"heard my friend's characteristic laugh"
"red and gold are the characteristic colors of autumn"
"stripes characteristic of the zebra"
<-> uncharacteristic

{adj: charnel, ghastly, sepulchral} gruesomely indicative of death or the dead
"a charnel smell came from the chest filled with dead men's bones"
"ghastly shrieks"
"the sepulchral darkness of the catacombs"

{adj: child-centered} designed to promote a child's personal qualities rather than to provide training or information

{adj: churning, roiling, roiled, roily, turbulent} (of a liquid) agitated vigorously; in a state of turbulence
"the river's roiling current"
"turbulent rapids"

{adj: circumlocutious, circumlocutory, periphrastic, ambagious} roundabout and unnecessarily wordy
"had a preference for circumlocutious (or circumlocutory) rather than forthright expression"
"A periphrastic study in a worn-out poetical fashion,/ Leaving one still with the intolerable wrestle/ With words and meanings."-T.S.Eliot; (`ambagious' is archaic)

{adj: cismontane} on this (the speaker's) side of the mountains
"a contest in Virginia between a cismontane and a tramontane people"
<-> tramontane

{adj: civil, polite} not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others
"even if he didn't like them he should have been civil"- W.S. Maugham
<-> uncivil

{adj: clean, neat} free from clumsiness; precisely or deftly executed
"he landed a clean left on his opponent's cheek"
"a clean throw"
"the neat exactness of the surgeon's knife"

{adj: clean} (of a record) having no marks of discredit or offense
"a clean voting record"
"a clean driver's license"

{adj: comfortable} free from stress or conducive to mental ease; having or affording peace of mind
"was settled in a comfortable job, one for which he was well prepared"
"the comfortable thought that nothing could go wrong"
"was comfortable in his religious beliefs"
"she's a comfortable person to be with"
"she felt comfortable with her fiance's parents"
<-> uncomfortable

{adj: compassionate} showing merciful compassion
"sparing the child's mother was a compassionate act"

{adj: competitive, competitory} involving competition or competitiveness
"competitive games"
"to improve one's competitive position"
<-> noncompetitive

{adj: complacent, self-satisfied, self-complacent} contented to a fault with oneself or one's actions
"he had become complacent after years of success"
"his self-satisfied dignity"

{adj: complaisant, obliging} showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others
"to close one's eyes like a complaisant husband whose wife has taken a lover"
"the obliging waiter was in no hurry for us to leave"

{adj: congratulatory, gratulatory} expressive of sympathetic pleasure or joy on account of someone's success or good fortune
"a congratulatory telegram"
"the usual congratulatory crowd was conspicuously absent"
"a gratulatory address"

{adj: connatural, inborn, inbred} normally existing at birth
"mankind's connatural sense of the good"

{adj: conscious} (followed by `of') showing realization or recognition of something
"few voters seem conscious of the issue's importance"
"conscious of having succeeded"
"the careful tread of one conscious of his alcoholic load"- Thomas Hardy

{adj: consequential, eventful} having important issues or results
"the year's only really consequential legislation"
"an eventful decision"

{adj: controversial} marked by or capable of arousing controversy
"the issue of the death penalty is highly controversial"
"Rushdie's controversial book"
"a controversial decision on affirmative action"
<-> uncontroversial

{adj: cool} fashionable and attractive at the time; often skilled or socially adept
"he's a cool dude"
"that's cool"
"Mary's dress is really cool"
"it's not cool to arrive at a party too early"

{adj: cordial} sincerely or intensely felt
"a cordial regard for his visitor's comfort"
"a cordial abhorrence of waste"

{adj: correct, right} in accord with accepted standards of usage or procedure
"what's the right word for this?"
"the right way to open oysters"

{adj: corrective, disciplinary, disciplinal} designed to promote discipline
"the teacher's action was corrective rather than instructional"
"disciplinal measures"
"the mother was stern and disciplinary"

{adj: corrupt} lacking in integrity
"humanity they knew to be corrupt...from the day of Adam's creation"
"a corrupt and incompetent city government"
<-> incorrupt

{adj: covetous, envious, jealous} showing extreme cupidity; painfully desirous of another's advantages
"he was never covetous before he met her"
"jealous of his success and covetous of his possessions"
"envious of their art collection"

{adj: crazy, dotty, gaga, enamored, infatuated, in love, smitten, soft on, taken with} marked by foolish or unreasoning fondness
"she was crazy about him"
"gaga over the rock group's new album"
"he was infatuated with her"

{adj: creditable} worthy of often limited commendation
"the student's effort on the essay--though not outstanding--was creditable"

{adj: crepuscular} like twilight; dim
"the evening's crepuscular charm"

{adj: crested, plumed} (of a knight's helmet) having a decorative plume

{adj: crimson, red, violent} characterized by violence or bloodshed
"writes of crimson deeds and barbaric days"- Andrea Parke
"fann'd by Conquest's crimson wing"- Thomas Gray
"convulsed with red rage"- Hudson Strode

{adj: critical} characterized by careful evaluation and judgment
"a critical reading"
"a critical dissertation"
"a critical analysis of Melville's writings"
<-> uncritical

{adj: crowded} overfilled or compacted or concentrated
"a crowded theater"
"a crowded program"
"crowded trains"
"a young mother's crowded days"
<-> uncrowded

{adj: curious} eager to investigate and learn or learn more (sometimes about others' concerns)
"a curious child is a teacher's delight"
"a trap door that made me curious"
"curious investigators"
"traffic was slowed by curious rubberneckers"
"curious about the neighbor's doings"
<-> incurious

{adj: current} occurring in or belonging to the present time
"current events"
"the current topic"
"current negotiations"
"current psychoanalytic theories"
"the ship's current position"
<-> noncurrent

{adj: daily, day-to-day, day-after-day, every day} occurring or done each day
"a daily record"
"day-by-day labors of thousands of men and women"- H.S.Truman
"her day-after-day behavior"
"an every day occurrence"

{adj: damaging, detrimental, prejudicial, prejudicious} (sometimes followed by `to') causing harm or injury
"damaging to career and reputation"
"the reporter's coverage resulted in prejudicial publicity for the defendant"

{adj: dark, obscure} marked by difficulty of style or expression
"much that was dark is now quite clear to me"
"those who do not appreciate Kafka's work say his style is obscure"

{adj: dateless, timeless} unaffected by time
"few characters are so dateless as Hamlet"
"Helen's timeless beauty"

{adj: dazzled} having vision overcome temporarily by or as if by intense light
"she shut her dazzled eyes against the sun's brilliance"

{adj: dazzling, eye-popping, fulgurant, fulgurous} amazingly impressive; suggestive of the flashing of lightning
"the skater's dazzling virtuosic leaps"
"these great best canvases still look as astonishing and as invitingly new as they did...when...his fulgurant popularity was in full growth"- Janet Flanner
"adventures related...in a style both vivid and fulgurous"- Idwal Jones

{adj: dead-on} accurate and to the point
"a dead-on feel for characterization"
"She avoids big scenes...preferring to rely on small gestures and dead-on dialogue"- Peter S.Prescott

{adj: dear, devout, earnest, heartfelt} earnest
"one's dearest wish"
"devout wishes for their success"
"heartfelt condolences"

{adj: deceitful, fallacious, fraudulent} intended to deceive
"deceitful advertising"
"fallacious testimony"
"smooth, shining, and deceitful as thin ice" - S.T.Coleridge
"a fraudulent scheme to escape paying taxes"

{adj: degage, detached, uninvolved} showing lack of emotional involvement
"adopted a degage pose on the arm of the easy chair"- J.S.Perelman
"she may be detached or even unfeeling but at least she's not hypocritically effusive"
"an uninvolved bystander"

{adj: delicate, soft} easily hurt
"soft hands"
"a baby's delicate skin"

{adj: delicate} marked by great skill especially in meticulous technique
"a surgeon's delicate touch"

{adj: dependable, rock-steady, steady-going} consistent in performance or behavior
"dependable in one's habits"
"a steady-going family man"

{adj: deposed} removed from office or power
"the deposed boatswain became Hudson's sworn enemy"

{adj: destroyed} spoiled or ruined or demolished
"war left many cities destroyed"
"Alzheimer's is responsible for her destroyed mind"
<-> preserved

{adj: dexter} on or starting from the wearer's right

{adj: diacritic, diacritical} capable of distinguishing
"students having superior diacritic powers"
"the diacritic elements in culture"- S.F.Nadel

{adj: different} distinctly separate from the first
"that's another (or different) issue altogether"

{adj: diffident} showing modest reserve
"she was diffident when offering a comment on the professor's lecture"

{adj: digressive, discursive, excursive, rambling} (of e.g. speech and writing) tending to depart from the main point or cover a wide range of subjects
"amusingly digressive with satirical thrusts at women's fashions among other things"
"a rambling discursive book"
"his excursive remarks"
"a rambling speech about this and that"

{adj: directing, directional, directive, guiding} showing the way by conducting or leading; imposing direction on
"felt his mother's directing arm around him"
"the directional role of science on industrial progress"

{adj: dirty} unpleasantly stormy
"there's dirty weather in the offing"

{adj: disquieted, distressed, disturbed, upset, worried} afflicted with or marked by anxious uneasiness or trouble or grief
"too upset to say anything"
"spent many disquieted moments"
"distressed about her son's leaving home"
"lapsed into disturbed sleep"
"worried parents"
"a worried frown"
"one last worried check of the sleeping children"

{adj: distinguished, grand, imposing, magisterial} used of a person's appearance or behavior; befitting an eminent person
"his distinguished bearing"
"the monarch's imposing presence"
"she reigned in magisterial beauty"

{adj: divinatory, mantic, sibylline, sibyllic, vatic, vatical} resembling or characteristic of a prophet or prophecy
"the high priest's divinatory pronouncement"
"mantic powers"
"a kind of sibylline book with ready and infallible answers to questions"

{adj: dogged, dour, pertinacious, tenacious, unyielding} stubbornly unyielding
"dogged persistence"
"dour determination"
"the most vocal and pertinacious of all the critics"
"a mind not gifted to discover truth but tenacious to hold it"- T.S.Eliot
"men tenacious of opinion"

{adj: doleful, mournful} filled with or evoking sadness
"the child's doleful expression"
"stared with mournful eyes"
"mournful news"

{adj: dominical} of or relating to Sunday as the Lord's Day

{adj: done, through, through with} having finished or arrived at completion
"certain to make history before he's done"
"it's a done deed"
"after the treatment, the patient is through except for follow-up"
"almost through with his studies"

{adj: doomed, fated} (usually followed by `to') determined by tragic fate
"doomed to unhappiness"
"fated to be the scene of Kennedy's assassination"

{adj: doubtful, dubious, dubitable, in question} open to doubt or suspicion
"the candidate's doubtful past"
"he has a dubious record indeed"
"what one found uncertain the other found dubious or downright false"
"it was more than dubitable whether the friend was as influential as she thought"- Karen Horney

{adj: doughy, soggy} having the consistency of dough because of insufficient leavening or improper cooking
"the cake fell; it's a doughy mess"

{adj: dowdy, frumpy, frumpish} primly out of date
"nothing so frumpish as last year's gambling game"

{adj: downfield} toward or in the defending team's end of the playing field
"he threw to a downfield receiver"

{adj: downstream} in the direction of a stream's current
<-> upstream

{adj: drenched, saturated, soaked, soaking, sodden, sopping, soppy} wet through and through; thoroughly wet
"stood at the door drenched (or soaked) by the rain"
"a shirt saturated with perspiration"
"his shoes were sopping (or soaking)"
"the speaker's sodden collar"
"soppy clothes"

{adj: dry, teetotal} practicing complete abstinence from alcoholic beverages
"he's been dry for ten years"
"no thank you; I happen to be teetotal"

{adj: earlier, earliest} (comparative and superlative of `early') more early than; most early
"a fashion popular in earlier times"
"his earlier work reflects the influence of his teacher"
"Verdi's earliest and most raucous opera"

{adj: effaceable, erasable} capable of being effaced
"the fire's worst scars were effaceable by a comprehensive program of reforestation"
"a signal too loud to be erasable in a single pass through the erase head"

{adj: effective, effectual, efficacious} producing or capable of producing an intended result or having a striking effect
"an air-cooled motor was more effective than a witch's broomstick for rapid long-distance transportation"-LewisMumford
"effective teaching methods"
"effective steps toward peace"
"made an effective entrance"
"his complaint proved to be effectual in bringing action"
"an efficacious law"
<-> ineffective

{adj: elegiac} resembling or characteristic of or appropriate to an elegy
"an elegiac poem on a friend's death"

{adj: elongate, elongated} having notably more length than width; being long and slender
"an elongate tail tapering to a point"
"the old man's gaunt and elongated frame"

{adj: elongated, extended, lengthened, prolonged} drawn out or made longer spatially
"Picasso's elongated Don Quixote"
"lengthened skirts are fashionable this year"
"the extended airport runways can accommodate larger planes"
"a prolonged black line across the page"

{adj: empyreal, empyrean, sublime} inspiring awe
"well-meaning ineptitude that rises to empyreal absurdity"- M.S.Dworkin
"empyrean aplomb"- Hamilton Basso
"the sublime beauty of the night"

{adj: enate, enatic, maternal} related on the mother's side
"my maternal grandmother"

{adj: encircling, skirting} being all around the edges; enclosing
"his encircling arms"
"the room's skirting board needs painting"

{adj: enhanced} increased or intensified in value or beauty or quality
"her enhanced beauty was the result of a good night's sleep rather than makeup"
"careful cleaning was responsible for the enhanced value of the painting"

{adj: enured, inured, hardened} made tough by habitual exposure
"hardened fishermen"
"a peasant, dark, lean-faced, wind-inured"- Robert Lynd
"our successors...may be graver, more inured and equable men"- V.S.Pritchett

{adj: enveloping} surrounding and closing in on or hemming in
"the army's enveloping maneuver"

{adj: ephemeral, passing, short-lived, transient, transitory, fugacious} lasting a very short time
"the ephemeral joys of childhood"
"a passing fancy"
"youth's transient beauty"
"love is transitory but at is eternal"
"fugacious blossoms"

{adj: equivocal, ambiguous} open to two or more interpretations; or of uncertain nature or significance; or (often) intended to mislead
"an equivocal statement"
"the polling had a complex and equivocal (or ambiguous) message for potential female candidates"
"the officer's equivocal behavior increased the victim's uneasiness"
"popularity is an equivocal crown"
"an equivocal response to an embarrassing question"
<-> unequivocal

{adj: especial, exceptional, particular, special} surpassing what is common or usual or expected
"he paid especial attention to her"
"exceptional kindness"
"a matter of particular and unusual importance"
"a special occasion"
"a special reason to confide in her"
"what's so special about the year 2000?"

{adj: established, firm} securely established
"an established reputation"
"holds a firm position as the country's leading poet"

{adj: estimable, good, honorable, respectable} deserving of esteem and respect
"all respectable companies give guarantees"
"ruined the family's good name"

{adj: ethnocentric} centered on a specific ethnic group, usually one's own

{adj: everyday, mundane, quotidian, routine, unremarkable, workaday} found in the ordinary course of events
"a placid everyday scene"
"it was a routine day"
"there's nothing quite like a real...train conductor to add color to a quotidian commute"- Anita Diamant

{adj: exceeding, exceptional, olympian, prodigious, surpassing} far beyond what is usual in magnitude or degree
"a night of exceeding darkness"
"an exceptional memory"
"olympian efforts to save the city from bankruptcy"
"the young Mozart's prodigious talents"

{adj: exceptionable, objectionable} liable to objection or debate; used of something one might take exception to
"a thoroughly unpleasant highly exceptionable piece of writing"
"found the politician's views objectionable"

{adj: exhausted, dog-tired, fagged, fatigued, played out, spent, washed-out, worn-out, worn out} drained of energy or effectiveness; extremely tired; completely exhausted
"the day's shopping left her exhausted"
"he went to bed dog-tired"
"was fagged and sweaty"
"the trembling of his played out limbs"
"felt completely washed-out"
"only worn-out horses and cattle"
"you look worn out"

{adj: exhausted} drained physically
"the day's events left her completely exhausted--her strength drained"

{adj: exploding} increasing suddenly and with uncontrolled rapidity
"the world's exploding population"

{adj: extrusive} of rock material; forced out while molten through cracks in the earth's surface
<-> intrusive

{adj: eyed} having an eye or eyes or eyelike feature especially as specified; often used in combination
"a peacock's eyed feathers"
"red-eyed"
<-> eyeless

{adj: eyelike} suggesting an eye or eyes
"eyelike markings on a butterfly's wings"
"the eyelike gleam of two distant windows in the dark"

{adj: face-to-face} in each other's presence
"a face-to-face encounter"

{adj: fake, false, faux, imitation, simulated} not genuine or real; being an imitation of the genuine article
"it isn't fake anything; it's real synthetic fur"
"faux pearls"
"false teeth"
"decorated with imitation palm leaves"
"a purse of simulated alligator hide"

{adj: fanciful, imaginary, imagined, notional} not based on fact; dubious
"the falsehood about some fanciful secret treaties"- F.D.Roosevelt
"a small child's imaginary friends"
"her imagined fame"
"to create a notional world for oneself"

{adj: fanned, spread-out} especially spread in a fan shape
"the peacock's fanned tail"
"the spread-out cards"

{adj: fantastic} extravagantly fanciful in design, construction, appearance
"Gaudi's fantastic architecture"

{adj: far-flung, widespread} distributed over a considerable extent
"far-flung trading operations"
"the West's far-flung mountain ranges"
"widespread nuclear fallout"

{adj: fast asleep, sound asleep} sleeping deeply
"lying fast asleep on the sofa"
"it would be cruel to wake him; he's sound asleep"

{adj: few} a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `a'; a small but indefinite number
"a few weeks ago"
"a few more wagons than usual"
"an invalid's pleasures are few and far between"
"few roses were still blooming"
"few women have led troops in battle"
<-> many

{adj: fickle, volatile} marked by erratic changeableness in affections or attachments
"fickle friends"
"a flirt's volatile affections"

{adj: final, last} not to be altered or undone
"the judge's decision is final"
"the arbiter will have the last say"

{adj: firm} (of especially a person's physical features) not shaking or trembling
"his voice was firm and confident"
"a firm step"

{adj: flat, monotone, monotonic, monotonous} sounded or spoken in a tone unvarying in pitch
"the owl's faint monotonous hooting"

{adj: flinty, granitic, obdurate, stony} showing unfeeling resistance to tender feelings
"the child's misery would move even the most obdurate heart"

{adj: foaming, foamy, frothing} producing or covered with lathery sweat or saliva from exhaustion or disease
"the rabid animal's frothing mouth"

{adj: formal} being in accord with established forms and conventions and requirements (as e.g. of formal dress)
"pay one's formal respects"
"formal dress"
"a formal ball"
"the requirement was only formal and often ignored"
"a formal education"
<-> informal

{adj: formidable} extremely impressive in strength or excellence
"a formidable opponent"
"the challenge was formidable"
"had a formidable array of compositions to his credit"
"the formidable army of brains at the Prime Minister's disposal"

{adj: frail} physically weak
"an invalid's frail body"
<-> robust

{adj: frenzied, manic} affected with or marked by frenzy or mania uncontrolled by reason
"a frenzied attack"
"a frenzied mob"
"the prosecutor's frenzied denunciation of the accused"- H.W.Carter
"outbursts of drunken violence and manic activity and creativity"

{adj: fricative, continuant, sibilant, spirant, strident} of speech sounds produced by forcing air through a constricted passage (as `f', `s', `z', or `th' in both `thin' and `then')

{adj: friendly} of or belonging to your own country's forces or those of an ally
"in friendly territory"
"he was accidentally killed by friendly fire"
<-> hostile

{adj: geomorphologic, geomorphological, morphologic, morphological, structural} pertaining to geological structure
"geomorphological features of the Black Hills"
"morphological features of granite"
"structural effects of folding and faulting of the earth's surface"

{adj: gingerly} with extreme care or delicacy
"they proceeded with gingerly footwork over the jagged stones"
"the issue was handled only in a gingerly way"- W.S.White

{adj: given, granted} acknowledged as a supposition
"given the engine's condition, it is a wonder that it started"

{adj: glad} feeling happy appreciation
"glad of the fire's warmth"

{adj: glistening, glossy, lustrous, sheeny, shiny, shining} reflecting light
"glistening bodies of swimmers"
"the horse's glossy coat"
"lustrous auburn hair"
"saw the moon like a shiny dime on a deep blue velvet carpet"
"shining white enamel"

{adj: good enough} adequately good for the circumstances
"if it's good enough for you it's good enough for me"

{adj: good, well} resulting favorably
"its a good thing that I wasn't there"
"it is good that you stayed"
"it is well that no one saw you"
"all's well that ends well"

{adj: graduate, postgraduate} of or relating to studies beyond a bachelor's degree
"graduate courses"

{adj: grateful, thankful} feeling or showing gratitude
"a grateful heart"
"grateful for the tree's shade"
"a thankful smile"
<-> ungrateful

{adj: grievous, heartbreaking, heartrending} causing or marked by grief or anguish
"a grievous loss"
"a grievous cry"
"her sigh was heartbreaking"
"the heartrending words of Rabin's granddaughter"

{adj: grim, inexorable, relentless, stern, unappeasable, unforgiving, unrelenting} not to be placated or appeased or moved by entreaty
"grim determination"
"grim necessity"
"Russia's final hour, it seemed, approached with inexorable certainty"
"relentless persecution"
"the stern demands of parenthood"

{adj: grudging} of especially an attitude
"gave grudging consent"
"grudging acceptance of his opponent's victory"

{adj: gruff, hoarse, husky} deep and harsh sounding as if from shouting or illness or emotion
"gruff voices"
"the dog's gruff barking"
"hoarse cries"
"makes all the instruments sound powerful but husky"- Virgil Thomson

{adj: hag-ridden, hagridden, tormented} tormented or harassed by nightmares or unreasonable fears
"hagridden...by visions of an imminent heaven or hell upon earth"- C.S.Lewis

{adj: hallowed, sacred} worthy of religious veneration
"the sacred name of Jesus"
"Jerusalem's hallowed soil"

{adj: hands-on} involving active participation
"he's a hands-on manager"
"hands-on operations"

{adj: hardscrabble, marginal} of a bare living gained by great labor
"the sharecropper's hardscrabble life"
"a marginal existence"

{adj: healthful} conducive to good health of body or mind
"a healthful climate"
"a healthful environment"
"healthful nutrition"
"healthful sleep"
"Dickens's relatively healthful exuberance"
<-> unhealthful

{adj: heavily traveled} subject to much traffic or travel
"the region's most heavily traveled highways"

{adj: heaving} rising and falling alternately as in waves
"the heaving waves in the storm-tossed sea"
"the exhausted dog's heaving chest"

{adj: heavy-handed, roughshod} unjustly domineering
"incensed at the government's heavy-handed economic policies"
"a manager who rode roughshod over all opposition"

{adj: heedless, thoughtless, unheeding} marked by or paying little heed or attention
"We have always known that heedless self-interest was bad morals; we know now that it is bad economics"--Franklin D. Roosevelt
"heedless of danger"
"heedless of the child's crying"
<-> heedful

{adj: heralded} publicly announced
"the royal couple's much heralded world tour"

{adj: holographic, holographical} written entirely in one's own hand
"holographic document"

{adj: home, interior, internal, national} inside the country
"the British Home Office has broader responsibilities than the United States Department of the Interior"
"the nation's internal politics"

{adj: home} relating to or being where one lives or where one's roots are
"my home town"

{adj: hostile} not belonging to your own country's forces or those of an ally
"hostile naval and air forces"
<-> friendly

{adj: hot} performed or performing with unusually great skill and daring and energy
"a hot drummer"
"he's hot tonight"

{adj: hot} used of physical heat; having a high or higher than desirable temperature or giving off heat or feeling or causing a sensation of heat or burning
"hot stove"
"hot water"
"a hot August day"
"a hot stuffy room"
"she's hot and tired"
"a hot forehead"
<-> cold

{adj: hot} very good; often used in the negative
"he's hot at math but not so hot at history"

{adj: humanist, humanistic} of or pertaining to a philosophy asserting human dignity and man's capacity for fulfillment through reason and scientific method and often rejecting religion
"the humanist belief in continuous emergent evolution"- Wendell Thomas

{adj: hunted} reflecting the fear or terror of one who is hunted
"the hopeless hunted look on the prisoner's face"
"a glitter of apprehension in her hunted eyes"

{adj: hyphenated} (of words) combined by means of a hyphen to form a unit
"hyphenated words"
"many feminists have chosen hyphenated names their children--today's so-called hyphenated babies"
"multiculturalism nurtures respect for hyphenated identities"

{adj: iatrogenic} induced by a physician's words or therapy (used especially of a complication resulting from treatment)

{adj: icky, crappy, lousy, rotten, shitty, stinking, stinky} very bad
"a lousy play"
"it's a stinking world"

{adj: ideological, ideologic} concerned with or suggestive of ideas
"an ideological argument"
"ideological application of a theory"
"the drama's symbolism was very ideological"

{adj: idiosyncratic} peculiar to the individual
"we all have our own idiosyncratic gestures"
"Michelangelo's highly idiosyncratic style of painting"

{adj: idyllic, pastoral} suggestive of an idyll; charmingly simple and serene
"his idyllic life in Tahiti"
"the pastoral legends of America's Golden Age"

{adj: ignored, neglected, unheeded} disregarded
"his cries were unheeded"
"Shaw's neglected one-act comedy, `A Village Wooing'"
"her ignored advice"

{adj: illuminating} providing light
"the sun's illuminating rays"

{adj: ill} resulting in suffering or adversity
"ill effects"
"it's an ill wind that blows no good"

{adj: immunosuppressive} of or relating to a substance that lowers the body's normal immune response and induces immunosuppression

{adj: imperial, majestic, purple, regal, royal} belonging to or befitting a supreme ruler
"golden age of imperial splendor"
"purple tyrant"
"regal attire"
"treated with royal acclaim"
"the royal carriage of a stag's head"

{adj: impious, undutiful} lacking due respect or dutifulness
"impious toward one's parents"
"an undutiful son"

{adj: in disagreement} without agreement
"were in disagreement on the question of women's rights"

{adj: in-person, in the flesh} an appearance carried out personally in someone else's physical presence
"he carried out the negotiations in person"
"a personal appearance is an appearance by a person in the flesh"

{adj: inaugural, initiative, initiatory, first, maiden} serving to set in motion
"the magazine's inaugural issue"
"the initiative phase in the negotiations"
"an initiatory step toward a treaty"
"his first (or maiden) speech in Congress"
"the liner's maiden voyage"

{adj: inaugural} occurring at or characteristic of a formal investiture or induction
"the President's inaugural address"
"an inaugural ball"
<-> exaugural

{adj: incessant, perpetual, endless} occurring so frequently as to seem ceaseless or uninterrupted
"a child's incessant questions"
"your perpetual (or continual) complaints"

{adj: incontrovertible, irrefutable, positive} impossible to deny or disprove
"incontrovertible proof of the defendant's innocence"
"proof positive"
"an irrefutable argument"

{adj: incredible, unbelievable} beyond belief or understanding
"at incredible speed"
"the book's plot is simply incredible"
<-> credible

{adj: indocile, uncontrollable, ungovernable, unruly} of persons
"the little boy's parents think he is spirited, but his teacher finds him unruly"

{adj: inferior} having an orbit between the sun and the Earth's orbit
"Mercury and Venus are inferior planets"
<-> superior

{adj: infinite} total and all-embracing
"God's infinite wisdom"

{adj: inland} situated away from an area's coast or border
<-> coastal

{adj: inmost, innermost} being deepest within the self
"one's innermost feelings"

{adj: inner, interior, internal} located inward
"Beethoven's manuscript looks like a bloody record of a tremendous inner battle"- Leonard Bernstein
"she thinks she has no soul, no interior life, but the truth is that she has no access to it"- David Denby
"an internal sense of rightousness"- A.R.Gurney,Jr.

{adj: innocent, ingenuous} lacking in sophistication or worldliness
"a child's innocent stare"
"his ingenuous explanation that he would not have burned the church if he had not thought the bishop was in it"

{adj: insistent, repetitive} persistently continual
"the bluejay's insistent cry"

{adj: insular} relating to or characteristic of or situated on an island
"insular territories"
"Hawaii's insular culture"

{adj: intense} in an extreme degree
"intense heat"
"intense anxiety"
"intense desire"
"intense emotion"
"the skunk's intense acrid odor"
"intense pain"
"enemy fire was intense"
<-> mild

{adj: intensified} made more intense
"the intensified scrutiny of the candidate's background"

{adj: interfering, meddlesome, meddling, officious, busy, busybodied} intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner
"an interfering old woman"
"bustling about self-importantly making an officious nuisance of himself"
"busy about other people's business"

{adj: intramural} carried on within the bounds of an institution or community
"most of the students participated actively in the college's intramural sports program"
<-> extramural

{adj: invalid} having no cogency or legal force
"invalid reasoning"
"an invalid driver's license"
<-> valid

{adj: irruptive, plutonic} of igneous rock that has solidified beneath the earth's surface; granite or diorite or gabbro


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