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{adj: appressed, adpressed} pressed close to or lying flat against something
"adpressed hairs along the plant's stem"
"igneous rocks...closely appressed by this force"-L.V.Pirsson



{adj: enured, inured, hardened} made tough by habitual exposure
"hardened fishermen"
"a peasant, dark, lean-faced, wind-inured"- Robert Lynd
"our successors...may be graver, more inured and equable men"- V.S.Pritchett

{adj: five, 5, v} being one more than four

{adj: intimate} marked by close acquaintance, association, or familiarity
"intimate friend"
"intimate relations between economics, politics, and legal principles" - V.L. Parrington

{adj: mounted} decorated with applied ornamentation; often used in combination
"the trim brass-mounted carbine of the ranger"- F.V.W.Mason

{adj: overweening, uppity} presumptuously arrogant
"had a witty but overweening manner"
"no idea how overweening he would be"- S.V.Benet
"getting a little uppity and needed to be slapped down"- NY Times

{adj: statesmanlike, statesmanly} marked by the qualities of or befitting a statesman
"a man of statesmanlike judgment"
"a statesmanlike solution of the present perplexities"-V.L.Parrington
<-> unstatesmanlike

{adj: studied, deliberate} produced or marked by conscious design or premeditation
"a studied smile"
"a note of biting irony and studied insult"- V.L.Parrington
<-> unstudied

{adj: uninfluenced, unswayed, untouched} not influenced or affected
"stewed in its petty provincialism untouched by the brisk debates that stirred the old world"- V.L.Parrington
"unswayed by personal considerations"

{adj: unread} not informed through reading
"he seems to have been wholly unread in political theory"- V.L.Parrington

{adj: v-shaped} shaped in the form of the letter V

{adj: yielding} tending to give in or surrender or agree
"too yielding to make a stand against any encroachments"- V.I.Parrington

{adv: thence, therefrom, thereof} from that circumstance or source
"atomic formulas and all compounds thence constructible"- W.V.Quine
"a natural conclusion follows thence"
"public interest and a policy deriving therefrom"
"typhus fever results therefrom"

{n: Agincourt} a battle in northern France in which English longbowmen under Henry V decisively defeated a much larger French army in 1415

{n: Aragon} a region of northeastern Spain; a former kingdom that united with Castile in 1479 to form Spain (after the marriage of Ferdinand V and Isabella I)

{n: Calixtus II, Guy of Burgundy} pope who in 1122 forced the Holy Roman Emperor Henry V to sign a concordat that recognized the right of the church to choose its own leadership (died in 1124)

{n: Cynoscephalae, battle of Cynoscephalae} the battle that ended the second Macedonian War (197 BC); the Romans defeated Philip V who lost his control of Greece

{n: Debs, Eugene V. Debs, Eugene Victor Debs} United States labor organizer who ran for President as a socialist (1855-1926)

{n: Edward, Edward V} King of England who was crowned at the age of 13 on the death of his father Edward IV but was immediately confined to the Tower of London where he and his younger brother were murdered (1470-1483)

{n: Ferdinand and Isabella} joint monarchs of Spain; Ferdinand V and Isabella I

{n: Ferdinand, King Ferdinand, Ferdinand of Aragon, Ferdinand V, Ferdinand the Catholic} the king of Castile and Aragon who ruled jointly with his wife Isabella; his marriage to Isabella I in 1469 marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain and their capture of Granada from the Moors in 1492 united Spain as one country; they instituted the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 and supported the expedition of Christopher Columbus in 1492 (1452-1516)

{n: George, George V} King of Great Britain and Ireland and emperor of India from 1910 to 1936; gave up his German title in 1917 during World War I (1865-1936)

{n: Gustavus, Gustavus V} king of Sweden who kept Sweden neutral during both World War I and II (1858-1950)

{n: Henry VI} son of Henry V who as an infant succeeded his father and was King of England from 1422 to 1461; he was taken prisoner in 1460 and Edward IV was proclaimed king; he was rescued and regained the throne in 1470 but was recaptured and murdered in the Tower of London (1421-1471)

{n: Henry V} son of Henry IV and King of England from 1413 to 1422; reopened the Hundred Years' War and defeated the French at Agincourt (1387-1422)

{n: Louis V, Louis le Faineant} the last Carolingian king of France (967-987)

{n: Martin V, Oddone Colonna} Italian pope from 1417 to 1431 whose election as pope ended the Great Schism (1368-1431)

{n: Nicholas V, Tomasso Parentucelli} Italian pope from 1447 to 1455 who founded the Vatican library (1397-1455)

{n: Philip V} king of ancient Macedonia whose confrontations with the Romans led to his defeat and his loss of control over Greece

{n: Pius V, Antonio Ghislieri} Italian pope from 1566 to 1572 who led the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church; he excommunicated Elizabeth I (1504-1572)

{n: Quine, W. V. Quine, Willard Van Orman Quine} United States philosopher and logician who championed an empirical view of knowledge that depended on language (1908-2001)

{n: Richard III} King of England from 1483 to 1485; seized the throne from his nephew Edward V who was confined to the Tower of London and murdered; his reign ended when he was defeated by Henry Tudor (later Henry VII) at the battle of Bosworth Field (1452-1485)

{n: Roman numeral} a symbol in the old Roman notation; I,V,X,L,C,D,M represent 1,5,10,50,100,500,1000 respectively in Arabic notation
<-> Arabic numeral

{n: Secretary of Defense, Defense Secretary} the person who holds the secretaryship of the Defense Department
"the first Defense Secretary was James V. Forrestal who was appointed by Truman"

{n: Urban V, Guillaume de Grimoard} French pope from 1362 to 1370 who tried to reestablish the papacy in Rome but in 1367 returned to Avignon hoping to end the war between France and England; canonized in 1870 (1310-1370)

{n: V neck} the neck of a garment has the shape in front of the letter V

{n: V sign} a sign (for victory); making a V with the index and middle fingers

{n: V, letter v} the 22nd letter of the Roman alphabet

{n: V-8 juice} brand name for canned mixed vegetable juices

{n: V-E Day, 8 May 1945} the date of Allied victory in Europe, World War II

{n: V-J Day, 15 August 1945} the date of Allied victory over Japan, World War II

{n: V-day, Victory Day} the day of a victory

{n: alligator wrench} a wrench with a v-shaped jaw and serrations on one side (resembles the open jaws of an alligator)

{n: bootjack} has V-shaped notch for pulling off boots

{n: buzz bomb, robot bomb, flying bomb, doodlebug, V-1} a small jet-propelled winged missile that carries a bomb

{n: chevron, stripe, stripes, grade insignia} V-shaped sleeve badge indicating military rank and service
"they earned their stripes in Kuwait"

{n: chevron} an inverted V-shaped charge

{n: derv} diesel oil used in cars and lorries with diesel engines; from d(iesel) e(ngine) r(oad) v(ehicle)

{n: five, 5, V, cinque, quint, quintet, fivesome, quintuplet, pentad, fin, Phoebe, Little Phoebe} the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one

{n: notch} a V-shaped indentation
"mandibular notch"

{n: notch} a V-shaped or U-shaped indentation carved or scratched into a surface
"there were four notches in the handle of his revolver"

{n: penicillin V potassium, Ledercillin VK} a form of penicillin V (trade name Ledercillin VK)

{n: penicillin V, phenoxymethyl penicillin} a crystalline penicillin similar in action to penicillin G but more resistant to the action of gastric acids

{n: point, head} a V-shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer
"the point of the arrow was due north"

{n: point, tip, peak} a V shape
"the cannibal's teeth were filed to sharp points"

{n: proaccelerin, prothrombin accelerator, accelerator factor, factor V} a coagulation factor

{n: rabbit ears} an indoor TV antenna; consists of two extendible rods that form a V

{n: recreational vehicle, RV, R.V.} a motorized wheeled vehicle used for camping or other recreational activities

{n: saber, sabre} a fencing sword with a v-shaped blade and a slightly curved handle

{n: serger} a sewing machine that overcasts the raw edges of a fabric with a V-shaped stitch

{n: sport utility, sport utility vehicle, S.U.V., SUV} a high-performance four-wheel drive car built on a truck chassis

{n: stomacher} garment consisting of a V-shaped panel of stiff material worn over the chest and stomach in the 16th century

{n: vanadium, V, atomic number 23} a soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite

{n: vice president, V.P.} an executive officer ranking immediately below a president; may serve in the president's place under certain circumstances

{n: volt, V} a unit of potential equal to the potential difference between two points on a conductor carrying a current of 1 ampere when the power dissipated between the two points is 1 watt; equivalent to the potential difference across a resistance of 1 ohm when 1 ampere of current flows through it

{n: wedge} something solid that is usable as an inclined plane (shaped like a V) that can be pushed between two things to separate them

{n: widow's peak} a V-shaped point in the hairline in the middle of the forehead
{v: Agenize, Agenise} age or bleach flour with Agene (nitrogen trichloride)

{v: Americanize, Americanise} become American in character
"After a year in Iowa, he has totally Americanized"

{v: Americanize, Americanise} make American in character
"The year in the US has completely Americanized him"

{v: Balkanize, Balkanise} divide a territory into small, hostile states

{v: Christianize, Christianise} convert to Christianity
"missionaries have tried to Christianize native people all over the world"

{v: Christianize} adapt in the name of Christianity
"some people want to Christianize ancient pagan sites"

{v: Europeanize, Europeanise} denationalize and subject (a territory) to the supervision of an agency of a European community of nations

{v: Europeanize, Europeanise} make (continental) European in customs, character, or ideas

{v: FTP} use the File Transfer Protocol to transfer data from one computer to another
"You can FTP these data"

{v: Frenchify} become French in appearance or character
"This restaurant has Frenchified"

{v: Frenchify} make French in appearance or character
"let's Frenchify the restaurant and charge more money"

{v: Islamize, Islamise} cause to conform to Islamic law
"islamize the dietary laws"

{v: Islamize, Islamise} convert to Islam
"The Mughals Islamized much of Northern India in the 16th century"

{v: Nazify} cause or force to adopt Nazism or a Nazi character
"Hitler nazified Germany in the 1930's"
"The arts were nazified everywhere in Germany"
<-> denazify

{v: Romanize, Romanise, latinize, latinise} write in the latin alphabet
"many shops in Japan now carry neon signs with Romanized names"

{v: Simonize, Simonise} polish with wax
"The motorcycle has been Simonized"

{v: abandon, forsake, desolate, desert} leave someone who needs or counts on you ; leave in the lurch
"The mother deserted her children"

{v: abandon, give up} give up with the intent of never claiming again
"Abandon your life to God"
"She gave up her children to her ex-husband when she moved to Tahiti"
"We gave the drowning victim up for dead"

{v: abandon, give up} stop maintaining or insisting on ; of ideas, claims, etc.
"He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage"
"Both sides have to give up some calims in these negociations"

{v: abandon} forsake, leave behind
"We abandoned the old car in the empty parking lot"

{v: abate, let up, slack off, slack, die away} become less in amount or intensity
"The storm abated"
"The rain let up after a few hours"

{v: abbreviate} shorten
"Abbreviate `New York' and write `NY'"

{v: abdicate, renounce} give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations
"The King abdicated when he married a divorcee"

{v: abduct} pull away from the body
"this muscle abducts"
<-> adduct

{v: aberrate} diverge from the expected
"The President aberrated from being a perfect gentleman"

{v: aberrate} diverge or deviate from the straight path ; produce aberration
"The surfaces of the concave lens may be proportioned so as to aberrate exactly equal to the convex lens"

{v: abet} assist or encourage, usually in some wrongdoing

{v: abhor, loathe, abominate, execrate} find repugnant
"I loathe that man"
"She abhors cats"

{v: abjure, recant, forswear, retract, resile} formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief, usually under pressure
"He retracted his earlier statements about his religion"
"She abjured her beliefs"

{v: ablate} remove an organ or bodily structure

{v: ablate} wear away through erosion or vaporization

{v: abnegate} deny or renounce
"They abnegated their gods"

{v: abnegate} surrender
"The King abnegated his power to the ministers"

{v: abolish, get rid of} do away with
"Slavery was abolished in the mid-19th century in America and in Russia"
<-> establish

{v: abort} terminate a pregnancy by undergoing an abortion

{v: abort} terminate before completion
"abort the mission"
"abort the process running on my computer"

{v: abound in, teem in, pullulate with} exist in large quantity

{v: abound, burst, bristle} be in a state of movement or action
"The room abounded with screaming children"
"The garden bristled with toddlers"

{v: abound} be abundant or plentiful ; exist in large quantities

{v: about-face} change one's mind and assume the opposite viewpoint

{v: about-face} turn, usually 180 degrees

{v: abrade, corrade, abrase, rub down, rub off} wear away

{v: abreact} discharge bad feelings or tension through verbalization

{v: abridge, foreshorten, abbreviate, shorten, cut, contract, reduce} reduce in scope while retaining essential elements
"The manuscript must be shortened"
<-> expand

{v: abrogate} revoke formally

{v: abscise} remove or separate by abscission

{v: abscise} shed flowers and leaves and fruit following formation of a scar tissue

{v: abscond, bolt, absquatulate, decamp, run off, go off} run away ; usually includes taking something or somebody along

{v: absent, remove} go away or leave
"He absented himself"

{v: absolve, justify, free} let off the hook
"I absolve you from this responsibility"
<-> blame

{v: absolve} grant remission of a sin to
"The priest absolved him and told him to say ten Hail Mary's"

{v: absorb, assimilate, ingest, take in} take up mentally
"he absorbed the knowledge or beliefs of his tribe"

{v: absorb, engross, engage, occupy} engage or engross wholly
"Her interest in butterflies absorbs her completely"

{v: absorb, suck, imbibe, soak up, sop up, suck up, draw, take in, take up} take in, also metaphorically
"The sponge absorbs water well"
"She drew strength from the minister's words"

{v: absorb, take in} suck or take up or in
"A black star absorbs all matter"
<-> emit

{v: absorb, take over} take up, as of debts or payments
"absorb the costs for something"

{v: absorb} assimilate or take in
"The immigrants were quickly absorbed into society"

{v: absorb} become imbued
"The liquids, light, and gases absorb"

{v: absorb} cause to become one with
"The sales tax is absorbed into the state income tax"

{v: abstain, refrain, desist} choose no to consume
"I abstain from alcohol"
<-> consume

{v: abstain} refrain from voting

{v: abstract} consider a concept without thinking of a specific example ; consider abstractly or theoretically

{v: abstract} consider apart from a particular case or instance
"Let's abstract away from this particular example"

{v: abstract} give an abstract (of)

{v: abuse, clapperclaw, blackguard, shout} use foul or abusive language towards
"The actress abused the policeman who gave her a parking ticket"
"The angry mother shouted at the teacher"

{v: accede, enter} take on duties or office
"accede to the throne"

{v: accelerate, speed up, speed, quicken} move faster
"The car accelerated"
<-> decelerate

{v: accelerate, speed, speed up} cause to move faster
"He accelerated the car"
<-> decelerate

{v: accept, admit, take, take on} admit into a group or community
"accept students for graduate study"
"We'll have to vote on whether or not to admit a new member"

{v: accept, consent, go for} give an affirmative reply to ; respond favorably to
"I cannot accept your invitation"
"I go for this resolution"
<-> refuse

{v: accept, live with, swallow} tolerate or accommodate oneself to
"I shall have to accept these unpleasant working conditions"
"I swallowed the insult"
"She has learned to live with her husband's little idiosyncracies"

{v: accept, take, have} receive willingly something given or offered
"The only girl who would have him was the miller's daughter"
"I won't have this dog in my house!"
"Please accept my present"
<-> refuse

{v: accept, take} be designed to hold or take
"This surface will not take the dye"

{v: accept} be sexually responsive to, used of a female domesticated mammal
"The cow accepted the bull"

{v: accept} consider or hold as true
"I cannot accept the dogma of this church"
"accept an argument"
<-> reject

{v: accept} of a deliberative body: receive (a report) officially, as from a committee

{v: accept} react favorably to ; consider right and proper
"People did not accept atonal music at that time"
"We accept the idea of universal health care"

{v: access, get at} reach or gain access to
"How does one access the attic in this house?"
"I cannot get to the T.V. antenna, even if I climb on the roof"

{v: accession} make a record of additions to a collection, such as a library

{v: access} obtain or retrieve from a storage device ; as of information on a computer

{v: acclaim, hail, herald} praise vociferously
"The critics hailed the young pianist as a new Rubinstein"

{v: acclimatize, acclimatise, acclimate} get used to a certain climate
"They never acclimatized in Egypt"

{v: accommodate, hold, admit} have room for ; hold without crowding
"This hotel can accommodate 250 guests"
"The theater admits 300 people"
"The auditorium can't hold more than 500 people"

{v: accommodate, reconcile, conciliate} make compatible with
"The scientists had to accommodate the new results with the existing theories"

{v: accommodate} provide with something desired or needed
"Can you accommodate me with a rental car?"

{v: accompany} go or travel along with
"The nurse accompanied the old lady everywhere"

{v: accord, allot, grant} allow to have
"grant a privilege"

{v: account for} be the reason or explanation for
"The recession accounts for the slow retail business"

{v: account for} give reasons for
"Can you account for all these absences?"

{v: account, answer for} furnish a justifying analysis or explanation
"I can't account for the missing money"

{v: account, calculate} keep an account of

{v: account} be the sole or primary factor in the existence, acquisition, supply, or disposal of something
"Passing grades account for half of the grades given in this exam"

{v: accouter, accoutre} provide with military equipment

{v: accredit, credit} give credit for
"She was not properly credited in the program"

{v: accredit, recognize, recognise} grant credentials to
"The Regents officially recognized the new educational institution"
"recognize an academic degree"

{v: accredit} provide or send (envoys or embassadors) with official credentials

{v: accrete} grow or become attached by accretion
"The story accreted emotion"

{v: accrete} grow together (of plants and organs)
"After many years the rose bushes grew together"

{v: accrue, fall} come into the possession of
"The house accrued to the oldest son"

{v: accrue} grow by addition
"The interest accrues"

{v: acculturate} assimilate culturally

{v: accumulate, cumulate, conglomerate, pile up, gather, amass} collect or gather
"Journals are accumulating in my office"
"The work keeps piling up"

{v: accuse, impeach, incriminate, criminate} bring an accusation against ; level a charge against
"He charged the man with spousal abuse"

{v: acerbate} make sour or bitter

{v: acetylate, acetylize, acetylise} introduce an acetyl group into (a chemical compound)

{v: acetylate, acetylize, acetylise} receive substitution of an acetyl group
"the compounds acetylated"

{v: ace} play (a hole) in one stroke

{v: ace} score an ace against
"He aced his opponents"

{v: ace} serve an ace against (someone)

{v: ache, smart, hurt} be the source of pain

{v: ache, yearn, yen, pine, languish} have a desire for something or someone who is not present
"She ached for a cigarette"
"I am pining for my lover"

{v: achieve, accomplish, attain, reach} to gain with effort
"she achieved her goal despite setbacks"

{v: achromatize, achromatise} remove color from
"achromatize the lenses"

{v: acid-wash} wash with acid so as to achieve a bleached look
"acid-wash blue jeans"

{v: acidify, acetify} turn acidic
"the solution acetified"
<-> alkalize

{v: acknowledge, receipt} report the receipt of
"The program committee acknowledged the submission of the authors of the paper"

{v: acknowledge, recognize, recognise, know} accept (someone) to be what is claimed or accept his power and authority
"The Crown Prince was acknowledged as the true heir to the throne"
"We do not recognize your gods"

{v: acknowledge, recognize, recognise} express obligation, thanks, or gratitude for
"We must acknowledge the kindness she showed towards us"

{v: acknowledge} accept as legally binding and valid
"acknowledge the deed"

{v: acquaint} inform
"Please acquaint your colleagues of your plans to move"

{v: acquire, win, gain} win something through one's efforts
"I acquired a passing knowledge of Chinese"
"Gain an understanding of international finance"
<-> lose

{v: acquire} locate (a moving entity) by means of a tracking system such as radar

{v: acquit, assoil, clear, discharge, exonerate, exculpate} pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
"The suspect was cleared of the murder charges"
<-> convict

{v: act as} function as or act like
"This heap of stones will act as a barrier"

{v: act involuntarily, act reflexively} act in an uncontrolled manner

{v: act on} regulate one's behavior in accordance with certain information, ideas, or advice
"The Founding Fathers acted on certain moral principles"

{v: act out} represent an incident, state, or emotion by action, especially on stage
"She could act neurotic anxiety"

{v: act up, carry on} misbehave badly ; act in a silly or improper way
"The children acted up when they were not bored"

{v: act up} make itself felt as a recurring pain
"My arthritis is acting up again"

{v: act, behave, do} behave in a certain manner ; show a certain behavior ; conduct or comport oneself
"You should act like an adult"
"Don't behave like a fool"
"What makes her do this way?"
"The dog acts ferocious, but he is really afraid of people"

{v: act, move} perform an action, or work out or perform (an action)
"think before you act"
"We must move quickly"
"The governor should act on the new energy bill"
"The nanny acted quickly by grabbing the toddler and covering him with a wet towel"
<-> refrain

{v: act, play, act as} pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind
"He acted the idiot"
"She plays deaf when the news are bad"

{v: act, play, represent} play a role or part
"Gielgud played Hamlet"
"She wants to act Lady Macbeth, but she is too young for the role"
"She played the servant to her husband's master"

{v: act, play, roleplay, playact} perform on a stage or theater
"She acts in this play"
"He acted in `Julius Caesar'"
"I played in `A Christmas Carol'"

{v: action, sue, litigate, process} institute legal proceedings against ; file a suit against
"He was warned that the district attorney would process him"
"She actioned the company for discrimination"

{v: activate, aerate} aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter

{v: activate} make (substances) radioactive

{v: activate} make active or more active
"activate an old file"
<-> inactivate

{v: activate} make more adsorptive
"activate a metal"

{v: actualize, actualise} represent or describe realistically

{v: act} be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure

{v: act} be suitable for theatrical performance
"This scene acts well"

{v: act} discharge one's duties
"She acts as the chair"
"In what capacity are you acting?"

{v: acuminate} make sharp or acute ; taper ; make (something) come to a point

{v: adapt, accommodate} make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose
"Adapt our native cuisine to the available food resources of the new country"

{v: add on} make an addition
"Let's add on to this"

{v: add to} have an increased effect
"This adds to my worries"

{v: add, add together} make an addition by combining numbers
"Add 27 and 49, please!"
<-> subtract

{v: add, append, supply} state or say further
"`It doesn't matter,' he supplied"

{v: addict, hook} to cause (someone or oneself) to become dependent (on something, especially a narcotic drug)

{v: addle, muddle, puddle} mix up or confuse
"He muddled the issues"

{v: addle} become rotten
"addled eggs"

{v: address, accost, come up to} speak to someone

{v: address, call} greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name
"He always addresses me with `Sir'"
"Call me Mister"
"She calls him by first name"

{v: address, direct} put an address on (an envelope, for example)

{v: address, speak} give a speech to
"The chairman addressed the board of trustees"

{v: address, turn to} speak to
"He addressed the crowd outside the window"

{v: address} access or locate by address

{v: address} address or apply oneself to something, direct one's efforts towards something, such as a question

{v: address} adjust and aim (a golf ball) at in preparation fo hitting

{v: address} direct a question at someone

{v: adduce, abduce, cite} advance evidence for

{v: adduct} draw a limb towards the body
"adduct the thigh muscle"
<-> abduct

{v: add} constitute an addition
"This paper will add to her reputation"

{v: add} make an addition (to) ; join or combine or unite with others ; increase the quality, quantity, zise or scope of
"We added two students to that dorm room"
"She added a personal note to her letter"
"Add insult to injury"
"Add some extra plates to the dinner table"
<-> take away

{v: adhere, hold fast, bond, bind, stick, stick to} stick to firmly
"Will this wallpaper adhere to the wall?"

{v: adhere, stick} be a devoted follower or supporter
"The residents of this village adhered to Catholicism"
"She sticks to her principles"

{v: adhere} be compatible or in accordance with
"You must adhere to the rules"

{v: adhere} follow through or carry out a plan without deviation
"They adhered to their plan"

{v: adjoin} attach or add
"I adjoin a copy of your my lawyer's letter"

{v: adjourn, recess, break up} close at the end of a session
"The court adjourned"

{v: adjourn, withdraw, retire} break from a meeting or gathering
"We adjourned for lunch"
"The men retired to the library"

{v: adjure} command solemnly

{v: adjust, conform, adapt} adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
"We must adjust to the bad economic situation"

{v: adjust, set, correct} alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard
"Adjust the clock, please"
"correct the alignment of the front wheels"

{v: adjust} decide how much is to be paid on an insurance claim

{v: adjust} make correspondent or conformable
"Adjust your eyes to the darkness"

{v: admeasure} determine the quantity of someone's share

{v: administer, administrate} work in an administrative capacity ; supervise
"administer a program"

{v: administer, dispense} give or apply (medications)

{v: administer} administer ritually ; of church sacraments

{v: admire, look up to} feel admiration for

{v: admire} look at with admiration

{v: admit, acknowledge} declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of
"He admitted his errors"
"She acknowledged that she might have forgotten"
<-> deny

{v: admit, allow in, let in, intromit} allow to enter ; grant entry to
"We cannot admit non-members into our club"
<-> reject

{v: admit, allow} afford possibility
"This problem admits of no solution"
"This short story allows of several different interpretations"

{v: admit, let in, include} allow participation in or the right to be part of ; permit to exercise the rights, functions, and responsibilities of
"admit someone to the profession"
"She was admitted to the New Jersey Bar"
<-> exclude

{v: admit} give access or entrance to
"The French doors admit onto the yard"

{v: admit} serve as a means of entrance
"This ticket will admit one adult to the show"

{v: admix} mix or blend
"Hyaline casts were admixed with neutrophils"

{v: admonish, reprove} take to task
"He admonished the child for his bad behavior"

{v: adolesce} become adolescent ; pass through adolescence
"The children are beginning to adolesce around the age of 12"

{v: adopt, borrow, take over, take up} take up and practice as one's own

{v: adopt, follow, espouse} choose and follow ; as of theories, ideas, policies, strategies or plans
"She followed the feminist movement"
"The candidate espouses Republican ideals"

{v: adopt, take in} take into one's family
"They adopted two children from Nicaragua"

{v: adore} love intensely
"he just adored his wife"

{v: adsorb} accumulate (liquids or gases) on the surface

{v: adulate} flatter in an obsequious manner

{v: adulterate, stretch, dilute, debase} corrupt, debase, or make impure by adding a foreign or inferior substance ; often by replacing valuable ingredients with inferior ones
"adulterate liquor"

{v: advance, bring forward} cause to move forward
"Can you move the car seat forward?"
<-> back

{v: advance, gain} rise in rate or price
"The stock market gained 24 points today"

{v: advance, progress, pass on, move on, march on, go on} move forward, also in the metaphorical sense
"Time marches on"
<-> recede

{v: advance, set ahead} move forward
"we have to advance clocks and watches when we travel eastward"

{v: advance, throw out} bring forward for consideration or acceptance
"advance an argument"

{v: advance} develop further
"We are advancing technology every day"

{v: advance} pay in advance
"Can you advance me some money?"

{v: advantage} give an advantage to
"This system advantages the rich"
<-> disadvantage

{v: advect} convey by horizontal mass movement of a fluid
"energy advected from the environment"

{v: advertise, advertize, promote, push} make publicity for ; try to sell (a product)
"The salesman is aggressively pushing the new computer model"
"The company is heavily advertizing their new laptops"

{v: advertise, publicize, advertize, publicise} call attention to
"Please don't advertise the fact that he has AIDS"

{v: advise, counsel} give advice to
"The teacher counsels troubled students"
"The lawyer counselled me when I was accused of tax fraud"

{v: advise, notify, give notice, send word, apprise, apprize} give information or notice to
"I advised him that the rent was due"

{v: aerosolize, aerosolise} become dispersed as an aerosol
"the bacteria quickly aerosolised"

{v: aerosolize, aerosolise} disperse as an aerosol
"The bacteria suspension was aerosolized"

{v: affect, impact, bear upon, bear on, touch on, touch} have an effect upon
"Will the new rules affect me?"

{v: affect, impress, move, strike} have an emotional or cognitive impact upon
"This child impressed me as unusually mature"
"This behavior struck me as odd"

{v: affect} act physically on ; have an effect upon

{v: affiliate} join in an affiliation
"The two colleges affiliated"

{v: affiliate} join in an affiliation
"They affiliated themselves with the organization"

{v: affirm, verify, assert, avow, aver, swan, swear} to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
"Before God I swear I am innocent"

{v: affirm} say yes to

{v: affix, stick on} attach to
"affix the seal here"

{v: affix} attach or become attached to a stem word
"grammatical morphemes afix to the stem"

{v: afflict, smite} cause pain or suffering in
"afflict with the plague"
"That debasement of the verbal currency that afflicts terms used in advertisement"

{v: afflict, trouble, ail, pain} cause bodily suffering to

{v: afflict} cause great unhappiness for ; distress
"she was afflicted by the death of her parents"

{v: afford, open, give} afford access to
"the door opens to the patio"
"The French doors give onto a terrace"

{v: afford} be able to spare or give up
"I can't afford to spend two hours with this person"

{v: afford} have the financial means to do something or buy something
"We can't afford to send our children to college"
"Can you afford this car?"

{v: afforest, forest} establish a forest on previously unforested land
"afforest the mountains"

{v: affranchise, enfranchise} grant freedom to ; as from slavery or servitude
"Slaves were enfranchised in the mid-19th century"

{v: age} begin to seem older ; get older
"The death of his wife caused him to age fast"

{v: age} make older
"The death of his child aged him tremendously"
<-> rejuvenate

{v: agglomerate} form into one cluster

{v: agglutinate} clump together ; as of bacteria, red blood cells, etc.

{v: agglutinate} string together (morphemes in an agglutinating language)

{v: aggrade} build up to a level by depositing sediment
<-> degrade

{v: aggregate, combine} gather in a mass, sum, or whole

{v: aggregate} amount in the aggregate to

{v: aggrieve} infringe on the rights of

{v: agitate, foment, stir up} try to stir up public opinion

{v: agitate, rouse, turn on, charge, commove, excite, charge up} cause to be agitated, excited, or roused
"The speaker charged up the crowd with his inflammatory remarks"
<-> calm

{v: agitate, vex, disturb, commove, shake up, stir up, raise up} change the arrangement or position of

{v: agonize, agonise} cause to agonize

{v: agonize, agonise} suffer agony or anguish

{v: agree, hold, concur, concord} be in accord ; be in agreement
"We agreed on the terms of the settlement"
"I can't agree with you!"
"I hold with those who say life is sacred"
"Both philosophers concord on this point"
<-> disagree

{v: agree} achieve harmony of opinion, feeling, or purpose
"No two of my colleagues would agree on whom to elect chairman"

{v: agree} be agreeable or suitable
"White wine doesn't agree with me"

{v: agree} consent or assent to a condition, or agree to do something
"She agreed to all my conditions"
"He agreed to leave her alone"

{v: agree} show grammatical agreement
"Subjects and verbs must always agree in English"

{v: ail} be unwell, ill, or ill disposed

{v: aim, purpose, purport, propose} propose or intend
"I aim to arrive at noon"

{v: aim, take, train, take aim, direct} aim or direct at ; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment
"Please don't aim at your little brother!"
"He trained his gun on the burglar"
"Don't train your camera on the women"
"Take a swipe at one's opponent"

{v: aim} direct (a remark) toward an intended goal
"She wanted to aim a pun"

{v: air out, air, aerate} expose to fresh air
"aerate your old sneakers"

{v: air, send, broadcast, beam, transmit} broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television
"We cannot air this X-rated song"

{v: air-condition} control the humidity and temperature of
"The room was cool because it had been air-conditioned"

{v: air-condition} equip with an apparatus for controlling the humidity and temperature
"Our house is not air-conditioned"

{v: air-drop} drop from the air ; unload from a plane or helicopter

{v: air-slake} alter by exposure to air with conversion at least in part to a carbonate
"air-slake lime"

{v: airbrush} paint with an airbrush
"The old car looks like new now that we airbrushed it"

{v: airlift, lift} fly people or goods to or from places not accessible by other means
"Food is airlifted into Bosnia"

{v: airmail} send or transport by airmail
"Letters to Europe from the U.S. are best airmailed"

{v: air} be broadcast
"This show will air Saturdays at 2 P.M."

{v: air} expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry
"Air linen"

{v: alarm, alert} warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness
"The empty house alarmed him"
"We alerted the new neighbors to the high rate of burglaries"

{v: alchemize, alchemise} alter (elements) by alchemy

{v: alcoholize, alcoholise} make alcoholic, as by fermenting
"alcoholize prunes"

{v: alcoholize, alcoholise} treat or infuse with alcohol
"alcoholize the fruit and let them sit in the refrigerator"

{v: alcoholize} subject to the influence of alcohol
"After we finished dinner, we were thoroughyl alcoholized"

{v: alibi} exonerate by means of an alibi

{v: alien, alienate} transfer property or ownership
"The will aliened the property to the heirs"

{v: alight, climb down} come down
"the birds alighted"

{v: alight, light, perch} to come to rest, settle
"Misfortune lighted upon him"

{v: align, aline, line up, adjust} place in a line or arrange so as to be parallel or straight
"align the car with the curb"
"align the sheets of paper on the table"
<-> skew

{v: align, array} align oneself with a group or a way of thinking

{v: align, ordinate, coordinate} bring (components or parts) into proper or desirable coordination correlation
"align the wheels of my car"
"ordinate similar parts"

{v: align} align with ; be or come into adjustment

{v: alkalinize, alkalinise} become alkaline

{v: alkalinize, alkalinise} make (a substance) alkaline
"The oxyde is alkalized"

{v: alkalize, alkalise, alkalify, basify} turn basic and less acidic
"the solution alkalized"
<-> acidify

{v: allege, aver, say} report or maintain
"He alleged that he was the victim of a crime"
"He said it was too late to intervene in the war"
"The registrar says that I owe the school money"

{v: allegorize, allegorise} interpret as an allegory

{v: allegorize, allegorise} make into an allegory
"The story was allegorized over time"

{v: alligator} of paint, varnish, or the like: to crack and acquire the appearance of alligator hide, as from weathering or improper application

{v: alliterate} use alliteration as a form of poetry

{v: allocate, apportion} distribute according to a plan or set apart for a special purpose
"I am allocating a loaf of bread to everyone on a daily basis"
"I'm allocating the rations for the camping trip"

{v: allow, appropriate, earmark, set aside, reserve} give or assign a share of money or time to a particular person or cause
"I will earmark this money for your research"

{v: allow, grant} let have
"grant permission"
"Mandela was allowed few visitors in prison"
<-> deny

{v: allow, permit, tolerate} allow the presence of or allow (an activity) without opposing or prohibiting
"We don't allow dogs here"
"Children are not permitted beyond this point"
"We cannot tolerate smoking in the hospital"

{v: allow, take into account} allow or plan for a certain possibility ; concede the truth or validity of something
"I allow for this possibility"
"The seamstress planned for 5% shrinkage after the first wash"

{v: allowance} put on a fixed allowance, as of food

{v: allow} grant as a discount or in exchange
"The camera store owner allowed me $50 on my old camera"

{v: alloy} make an alloy of

{v: allude, touch, advert} make a more or less disguised reference to
"He alluded to the problem but did not mention it"

{v: ally with} untie formally ; of interest groups or countries

{v: ally} become an ally or associate, as by a treaty or marriage
"He allied himself with the Communists"

{v: alphabetize, alphabetise} arrange in alphabetical order
"Alphabetize the list"

{v: alphabetize} provide with an alphabet
"Cyril and Method alphabetized the Slavic languages"

{v: alter, neuter, spay, castrate} remove the ovaries of
"Is your cat spayed?"

{v: alternate, jump} go back and forth ; swing back and forth between two states or conditions

{v: alternate, take turns} do something in turns
"We take turns on the night shift"

{v: alternate} exchange people temporarily to fulfill certain jobs and functions

{v: alter} make an alteration to
"This dress needs to be altered"

{v: aluminize, aluminise} cover with aluminum

{v: amaze, astonish, astound} affect with wonder
"Your ability to speak six languages amazes me!"

{v: ambition} have as one's ambition

{v: amble, mosey} walk leisurely

{v: ambulate} walk about ; not be bedridden or incapable of walking

{v: ambush, scupper, bushwhack, waylay, lurk, ambuscade, lie in wait} wait in hiding to attack

{v: amend} make amendments to
"amend the document"

{v: amerce} punish by a fine imposed arbitrarily by the discretion of the court

{v: amerce} punish with an arbitrary penalty

{v: ammoniate} treat with ammonia

{v: ammonify} treat with ammonia ; cause to undergo ammonification

{v: amnesty} grant a pardon to (a group of people)

{v: amortize, amortise} liquidate gradually

{v: amount} be tantamount or equivalent to
"Her action amounted to a rebellion"

{v: amplify} increase the volume of
"amplify sound"

{v: amputate, cut off} remove surgically
"amputate limbs"

{v: amuse, divert, disport} occupy in an agreeable, entertaining or pleasant fashion
"The play amused the ladies"

{v: amuse} make (somebody) laugh
"The clown amused the children"

{v: anagram, anagrammatize, anagrammatise} read letters out of order to discover a hidden meaning

{v: analogize, analogise} make an analogy

{v: analyze, analyse, break down, dissect, take apart} make a mathematical, chemical, or grammatical analysis of ; break down into components or essential features
"analyze a specimen"
"analyze a sentence"
"analyze a chemical compound"
<-> synthesize

{v: analyze, analyse, psychoanalyze, psychoanalyse} subject to psychoanalytic treatment
"I was analyzed in Vienna by a famous psychiatrist"

{v: analyze, analyse, study, examine, canvass, canvas} consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning
"analyze a sonnet by Shakespeare"
"analyze the evidence in a criminal trial"
"analyze your real motives"

{v: analyze, analyse} break down into components or essential features
"analyze today's financial market"

{v: anastomose, inosculate} cause to join or open into each other by anastomosis
"anastomose blood vessels"

{v: anastomose, inosculate} come together or open into each other
"the blood vessels anastomose"

{v: anatomize, anatomise} dissect in order to analyze
"anatomize the bodies of the victims of this strange disease"

{v: anatomize} analyze down to the smallest detail
"This writer anatomized the depth of human behavior"

{v: anchor, cast anchor, drop anchor} secure a vessel with an anchor
"We anchored at Baltimore"

{v: anchor, ground} fix firmly and stably
"anchor the lamppost in concrete"

{v: anesthetize, anaesthetize, anesthetise, anaesthetise, put to sleep, put under, put out} make unconscious by means of anesthetic drugs
"The patient must be anesthetized before the operation"
<-> bring to

{v: anger, see red} become angry
"He angers easily"

{v: anger} make angry
"The news angered him"

{v: angle-park} park at an angle

{v: angle} fish with a hook

{v: angle} move or proceed at an angle
"he angled his way into the room"

{v: anglicise, anglicize} make English
"She anglicised her name after moving from Paris to London"

{v: anglicize, anglicise} make English in appearance
"anglicize a French word"

{v: anguish} suffer great pains or distress

{v: angulate} make or become angular

{v: animadvert} express blame or censure or make a harshly critical remark

{v: animalize, animalise} represent in the form of an animal

{v: animate, recreate, reanimate, revive, renovate, repair, quicken, vivify, revivify} give new life or energy to
"A hot soup will revive me"
"This will renovate my spirits"
"This treatment repaired my health"

{v: animize, animise, animate} give life-like qualities to
"animated cartoons"

{v: ankylose, ancylose} produce ankylosis by surgery

{v: ankylose, ancylose} undergo ankylosis
"joints ankylose"

{v: anneal, temper, normalize} toughen (steel or glass) by a process of gradually heating and cooling
"temper glass"

{v: annex} attach to

{v: annex} take (territory) by conquest
"Hitler annexed Lithuania"

{v: annex} take illegally, as of territory
"The Israelis are annexing more and more territory on the West Bank"

{v: annotate, footnote} add explanatory notes to or supply with critical comments
"The scholar annotated the early edition of a famous novel"

{v: announce, annunciate, harbinger, foretell, herald} foreshadow or presage

{v: announce, declare} announce publicly or officially
"The President declared war"

{v: announce, denote} make known ; make an announcement
"She denoted her feelings clearly"

{v: announce} give the names of
"He announced the winners of the spelling bee"

{v: annoy, rag, get to, bother, get at, irritate, rile, nark, nettle, gravel, vex, chafe, devil} cause annoyance in ; disturb, especially by minor irritations
"Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"
"It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"

{v: anodize, anodise} coat a metal with an oxide coat

{v: anoint, inunct, oil, anele, embrocate} administer an oil or ointment to ; often in a religious ceremony of blessing

{v: answer, reply, respond} reply or respond to
"She didn't want to answer"
"answer the question"
"We answered that we would accept the invitation"

{v: answer, resolve} understand the meaning of
"The question concerning the meaning of life cannot be answered"

{v: answer} be liable or accountable
"She must answer for her actions"

{v: answer} be satisfactory for ; meet the requirements of or serve the purpose of
"This may answer her needs"

{v: answer} give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument)
"The defendant answered to all the charges of the prosecution"

{v: answer} give the correct answer or solution to
"answer a question"
"answer the riddle"

{v: answer} match or correspond
"The drawing of the suspect answers to the description the victim gave"

{v: answer} react to a stimulus or command
"The steering of my new car answers to the slightest touch"

{v: answer} respond to a signal
"answer the door"
"answer the telephone"

{v: antagonize, antagonise, counteract} act in opposition to

{v: antagonize, antagonise} provoke the hostility of
"Don't antagonize your boss"

{v: ante} place one's stake

{v: anthologize, anthologise} compile an anthology

{v: anthropomorphize, anthropomorphise} ascribe human features to something

{v: anticipate, foresee, forestall, counter} act in advance of ; deal with ahead of time

{v: anticipate, look for, look to} be excited or anxious about

{v: anticipate, previse, foreknow, foresee} realize beforehand

{v: anticipate} be a forerunner of or occur earlier than
"This composition anticipates Impressionism"

{v: antiquate} make obsolete or old-fashioned

{v: antique, antiquate} give an antique appearance to
"antique furniture"

{v: antique} shop for antiques
"We went antiquing on Saturday"

{v: antisepticize} disinfect with an antiseptic
"The animals were antisepticized by the veterenarian before the operation"

{v: ape} imitate uncritically and in every aspect
"Her little brother apes her behavior"

{v: aphorize, aphorise} speak or write in aphorisms

{v: apologize, apologise, excuse, justify, rationalize, rationalise} defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning
"rationalize the child's seemingly crazy behavior"
"he rationalized his lack of success"

{v: apologize, apologise} acknowledge faults or shortcomings or failing
"I apologized for being late"
"He apologized for the many typoes"

{v: apostatize, apostatise, tergiversate} abandon one's beliefs or allegiances

{v: apostrophize, apostrophise} use an apostrophe

{v: apotheosize, apotheosise, apotheose} deify or glorify

{v: appeal, invoke} request earnestly (something from somebody) ; ask for aid or protection
"appeal to somebody for help"
"Invoke God in times of trouble"

{v: appeal} challenge (a decision)
"She appealed the verdict"

{v: appeal} take a court case to a higher court for review
"He was found guilty but appealed immediately"

{v: appear, come along} come into being or existence, or appear on the scene
"Then the computer came along and changed our lives"
"Homo sapiens appeared millions of years ago"
<-> disappear

{v: appear, come out} be issued or published
"Did your latest book appear yet?"
"The new Woody Allen film hasn't come out yet"

{v: appear, seem} seem to be true, probable, or apparent
"It seems that he is very gifted"
"It appears that the weather in California is very bad"

{v: appear} appear as a character on stage or appear in a play, etc.
"Gielgud appears briefly in this movie"
"She appeared in `Hamlet' on the London stage"

{v: appear} come into sight or view
"He suddenly appeared at the wedding"
"A new star appeared on the horizon"
<-> disappear

{v: appear} present oneself formally, as before a (judicial) authority
"He had to appear in court last month"
"She appeared on several charges of theft"

{v: append, add on, supplement, affix} add to the very end
"He appended a glossary to his novel where he used an invented language"

{v: append, tag on, tack on, tack, hang on} fix to ; attach
"append a charm to the necklace"

{v: apperceive} perceive in terms of a past experience

{v: applaud, clap, spat, acclaim} clap one's hands or shout after performances to indicate approval
<-> boo

{v: applaud} express approval of
"I applaud your efforts"

{v: applique} sew on as a decoration

{v: apply, hold, go for} be pertinent or relevant or applicable
"The same laws apply to you!"
"This theory holds for all irrational numbers"
"The same rules go for everyone"

{v: apply} apply oneself to
"Please apply yourself to your homework"

{v: apply} ask (for something)
"He applied for a leave of absence"
"She applied for college"
"apply for a job"

{v: apply} refer (a word or name) to a person or thing
"He applied this racial slur to me!"

{v: appoint, charge} assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
"He was appointed deputy manager"
"She was charged with supervising the creation of a concordance"

{v: appoint, name, nominate, constitute} create and charge with a task or function
"nominate a committee"

{v: appoint} furnish
"a beautifully appointed house"

{v: appose} place side by side or in close proximity

{v: appreciate, apprize, apprise, revalue} gain in value
"The yen appreciated again!"
<-> depreciate

{v: appreciate, apprize, apprise} increase the value of
"The Germans want to appreciate the Deutsche Mark"
<-> depreciate

{v: appreciate, take account} be fully aware of ; realize fully
"Do you appreciate the full meaning of this letter?"

{v: appreciate} recognize with gratitude ; be grateful for

{v: apprehend, quail at} anticipate with dread or anxiety

{v: apprentice} be or work as an apprentice
"She apprenticed with the great master"

{v: approach, come near} come near in time
"Winter is approaching"
"approaching old age"

{v: approach, near, come on, go up, draw near, draw close, come near} move towards
"We were approaching our destination"
"They are drawing near"
"The enemy army came nearer and nearer"

{v: approach} make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion
"I was approached by the President to serve as his adviser in foreign matters"

{v: approbate} accept (documents) as valid
<-> reprobate

{v: approbate} approve or sanction officially

{v: appropriate, capture, seize, conquer} take possession of by force, as after an invasion
"the invaders seized the land and property of the inhabitants"
"The army seized the town"
"The militia captured the castle"

{v: approve, O.K., okay, sanction} give sanction to
"I approve of his educational policies"
<-> disapprove

{v: approve} judge to be right or commendable ; think well of
<-> disapprove

{v: approximate, come close} be close or similar
"Her results approximate my own"

{v: aquaplane} of cars: to rise up onto a thin film of water between the tires and road so that there is no more contact with the road

{v: aquaplane} ride on an aquaplane

{v: aquatint} etch in aquatint

{v: arbitrage} practice arbitrage, as in the stock market

{v: arborize, arborise} branch out like trees
"nerve fibers arborize"

{v: arch, curve, arc} form an arch or curve
"her back arches"
"her hips curve nicely"

{v: archaize, archaise} give an archaic appearance of character to
"archaized craftwork"

{v: archive, file away} put into an archive

{v: argue, contend, debate, fence} have an argument about something

{v: argue, indicate} give evidence of
"The evidence argues for your claim"
"The results indicate the need for more work"

{v: argue, reason} present reasons and arguments

{v: arise, come up, bob up} originate or come into being
"aquestion arose"

{v: arise, come up} occur
"A slight unpleasantness arose from this discussion"

{v: arise, rise, uprise, get up, stand up} rise to one's feet
"The audience got up and applauded"
<-> sit down

{v: arm, build up, fortify, gird} prepare oneself for a military confrontation
"The U.S. is girding for a conflict in the Middle East"


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