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{adj: Nilotic} of or relating to or constituting the Nilotic group of languages
"Nilotic syntax"

{adj: Nordic} of or relating to or constituting the Scandinavian group of languages
"Nordic languages have a gender system"

{adj: Semitic} of or relating to the group of Semitic languages
"Semitic tongues have a complicated morphology"

{adj: Sotho} of or relating to any of the group of Sotho languages
"Sotho noun classifiers"

{adj: advanced} at a higher level in training or knowledge or skill
"an advanced degree"
"an advanced text in physics"
"special seminars for small groups of advanced students at the University"

{adj: alpha} first in order of importance
"the alpha male in the group of chimpanzees"
"the alpha star in a constellation is the brightest or main star"

{adj: alto} (of a musical instrument) second highest member of a group
"alto clarinet or recorder"

{adj: amino, aminic} pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia

{adj: arbitrary} based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice
"an arbitrary decision"
"the arbitrary rule of a dictator"
"an arbitrary penalty"
"of arbitrary size and shape"
"an arbitrary choice"
"arbitrary division of the group into halves"
<-> nonarbitrary

{adj: atypical, untypical} not representative of a group, class, or type
"a group that is atypical of the target audience"
"a class of atypical mosses"
"atypical behavior is not the accepted type of response that we expect from children"
<-> typical

{adj: black} of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin
"a great people--a black people--...injected new meaning and dignity into the veins of civilization"- Martin Luther King Jr.
<-> white

{adj: blurred, clouded} unclear in form or expression
"the blurred aims of the group"
"sometimes one understood clearly and sometimes the meaning was clouded"- H.G.Wells

{adj: boisterous, rambunctious, robustious, rumbustious, unruly} noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline
"a boisterous crowd"
"a social gathering that became rambunctious and out of hand"
"a robustious group of teenagers"
"beneath the rumbustious surface of his paintings is sympathy for the vulnerability of ordinary human beings"
"an unruly class"

{adj: chartered, hired, leased} hired for the exclusive temporary use of a group of travelers
"a chartered plane"
"the chartered buses arrived on time"
<-> unchartered

{adj: communal} for or by a group rather than individuals
"dipping each his bread into a communal dish of stew"- Paul Roche
"a communal settlement in which all earnings and food were shared"
"a group effort"

{adj: cultural, ethnic, ethnical} denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people
"influenced by ethnic and cultural ties"- J.F.Kennedy
"ethnic food"

{adj: cultural} of or relating to the arts and manners that a group favors
"cultural events"
"a person of broad cultural interests"

{adj: decadent, effete} marked by excessive self-indulgence and moral decay
"a decadent life of excessive money and no sense of responsibility"
"a group of effete self-professed intellectuals"

{adj: detached, isolated, separated, set-apart} being or feeling set or kept apart from others
"she felt detached from the group"
"could not remain the isolated figure he had been"- Sherwood Anderson
"thought of herself as alone and separated from the others"
"had a set-apart feeling"

{adj: disconnected, disunited, fragmented, split} having been divided; having the unity destroyed
"Congress...gave the impression of...a confusing sum of disconnected local forces"-Samuel Lubell
"a league of disunited nations"- E.B.White
"a fragmented coalition"
"a split group"

{adj: dissimilar} not similar
"a group of very dissimilar people"
"a pump not dissimilar to those once found on every farm"
"their understanding of the world is not so dissimilar from our own"
"took different (or dissimilar) approaches to the problem"
<-> similar

{adj: distinguishing, identifying} serving to distinguish or identify a species or group
"the distinguishing mark of the species is its plumage"
"distinctive tribal tattoos"
"we were asked to describe any identifying marks or distinguishing features"

{adj: energetic} possessing or exerting or displaying energy
"an energetic fund raiser for the college"
"an energetic group of hikers"
"it caused an energetic chemical reaction"
<-> lethargic

{adj: eusporangiate} (of ferns) having sporangia that arise from a group of epidermal cells
"eusporangiate ferns of the families Ophioglossaceae and Marattiaceae"
<-> leptosporangiate

{adj: every} (used of count nouns) each and all of the members of a group considered singly and without exception
"every person is mortal"
"every party is welcome"
"had every hope of success"
"every chance of winning"

{adj: general} applying to all or most members of a category or group
"the general public"
"general assistance"
"a general rule"
"in general terms"
"comprehensible to the general reader"
<-> specific

{adj: grassroots} of or involving the common people as constituting a fundamental political and economic group
"a grassroots movement for nuclear disarmament"

{adj: gregarious} (of animals) tending to form a group with others of the same species
"gregarious bird species"
<-> ungregarious

{adj: gregarious} (of plants) growing in groups that are close together
<-> ungregarious

{adj: homogeneous, homogenous} all of the same or similar kind or nature
"a close-knit homogeneous group"
<-> heterogeneous

{adj: ignorant, nescient, unenlightened, unlearned, unlettered} uneducated in general; lacking knowledge or sophistication
"an ignorant man"
"nescient of contemporary literature"
"an unlearned group incapable of understanding complex issues"
"exhibiting contempt for his unlettered companions"

{adj: indie} (of pop groups) not affiliated with a major recording company

{adj: internecine} (of conflict) within a group or organization
"an internecine feud among proxy holders"

{adj: large, big} above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent
"a large city"
"set out for the big city"
"a large sum"
"a big (or large) barn"
"a large family"
"big businesses"
"a big expenditure"
"a large number of newspapers"
"a big group of scientists"
"large areas of the world"
<-> little, small

{adj: law-abiding, peaceful} (of groups) not violent or disorderly
"the right of peaceful assembly"

{adj: loud} characterized by or producing sound of great volume or intensity
"a group of loud children"
"loud thunder"
"her voice was too loud"
"loud trombones"
<-> soft

{adj: memberless} of a group or set having no members
<-> membered

{adj: mobile, nomadic, peregrine, roving, wandering} (of groups of people) tending to travel and change settlements frequently
"a restless mobile society"
"the nomadic habits of the Bedouins"
"believed the profession of a peregrine typist would have a happy future"
"wandering tribes"

{adj: motivated} provided with a motive or given incentive for action
"a highly motivated child can learn almost anything"
"a group of politically motivated men"
<-> unmotivated

{adj: nongregarious, nonsocial, solitary} of plants and animals; not growing or living in groups or colonies
"solitary bees"

{adj: nonstandard} not conforming to the language usage of a prestige group within a community
"a nonstandard dialect is one used by uneducated speakers or socially disfavored groups"
"the common core of nonstandard words and phrases in folk speech"- A.R.Dunlap
<-> standard

{adj: off-limits, out-of-bounds} barred to a designated group
"that area is off-limits"

{adj: paramilitary} of or relating to a group of civilians organized to function like (or in aid of) a military unit

{adj: particular} separate and distinct from others of the same group or category
"interested in one particular artist"
"a man who wishes to make a particular woman fall in love with him"

{adj: peacekeeping} of or relating to the preservation of peace between hostile groups by international military forces
"a peacekeeping force"

{adj: philharmonic} composing or characteristic of an orchestral group
"philharmonic players"

{adj: pronounceable} capable of being uttered or pronounced
"a pronounceable group of letters"
<-> unpronounceable

{adj: proportionate} being in due proportion
"proportionate representation of a minority group"
<-> disproportionate

{adj: proto} indicating the first or earliest or original
"`proto' is a combining form in a word like `protolanguage' that refers to the hypothetical ancestor of another language or group of languages"

{adj: racial} of or characteristic of race or races or arising from differences among groups
"racial differences"
"racial discrimination"
<-> nonracial

{adj: racial} of or related to genetically distinguished groups of people
"racial groups"

{adj: sectional} related or limited to a distinct region or subdivision of of a territory or community or group of people
"sectional tensions arose over slavery"

{adj: separative} (of a word) referring singly and without exception to the members of a group
"whereas `each,' `every,' `either,' `neither,' and `none' are distributive or referring to a single member of a group, `which' in `which of the men' is separative"

{adj: social} tending to move or live together in groups or colonies of the same kind
"ants are social insects"

{adj: synergetic, synergistic} working together; used especially of groups, as subsidiaries of a corporation, cooperating for an enhanced effect
"a synergistic effect"

{adj: three-cornered} involving a group or set of three
"a three-cornered race"

{adj: typical} exhibiting the qualities or characteristics that identify a group or kind or category
"a typical American girl"
"a typical suburban community"
"the typical car owner drives 10,000 miles a year"
"a painting typical of the Impressionist school"
"a typical romantic poem"
"a typical case of arteritis"
<-> atypical

{adj: umbrella} covering or applying simultaneously to a number of similar items or elements or groups
"an umbrella organization"
"umbrella insurance coverage"

{adj: uneasy} lacking a sense of security or affording no ease or reassurance
"farmers were uneasy until rain finally came"
"uneasy about his health"
"gave an uneasy laugh"
"uneasy lies the head that wears the crown"
"an uneasy coalition government"
"an uneasy calm"
"an uneasy silence fell on the group"
<-> easy

{adj: ungregarious} (of plants) growing together in groups that are not close together
<-> gregarious

{adj: universal} applicable to or common to all members of a group or set
"the play opened to universal acclaim"
"rap enjoys universal appeal among teenage boys"

{adj: vertical} of or relating to different levels in a hierarchy (as levels of social class or income group)
"vertical social mobility"

{adj: white} of or belonging to a racial group having light skin coloration
"voting patterns within the white population"
<-> black

{adj: zoological} of or relating to animals or animal groups
"zoological garden"


{adv: aboard} part of a group
"Bill's been aboard for three years now"


{adv: all together} used of a group whose members acted or were acted upon collectively and when `all' and `together' can be separated by other words
"they were herded all together"
"they were all herded together"
"the books lay all together in a heap"
"the books all lay together..."


{adv: apart} away from another or others
"they grew apart over the years"
"kept apart from the group out of shyness"
"decided to live apart"


{adv: communally} by a group of people rather than an individual
"the mills were owned communally"


{adv: elegantly} in a gracefully elegant manner
"the members of these groups do not express themselves as accurately or as elegantly as their critics do"


{adv: familiarly} in an intimately familiar manner
"Sid, as he was familiarly known by his friends, was one of the most respected and devoted members of the socialist minority group"

{adv: not, non} negation of a word or group of words
"he does not speak French"
"she is not going"
"they are not friends"
"not many"
"not much"
"not at all"


{adv: synergistically} (of group) in a synergistic or cooperative manner

{n: A-team} a group of elite soldiers or a leadership group of advisors or workers in an organization

{n: ABO blood group system, ABO system, ABO group} a classification system for the antigens of human blood; used in blood transfusion therapy; four groups are A and B and AB and O

{n: Admiralty Islands} a group of islands in the Bismarck Archipelago

{n: Alex Boncayao Brigade, ABB, Revolutionary Proletarian Army, RPA-ABB} an urban hit squad and guerrilla group of the Communist Party in the Philippines; formed in the 1980s

{n: Alexander Archipelago} a group of islands off southeastern Alaska

{n: Algonquian, Algonquin} a member of any of the North American Indian groups speaking an Algonquian language and originally living in the subarctic regions of eastern Canada; many Algonquian tribes migrated south into the woodlands from the Mississippi River to the Atlantic coast

{n: Altaic, Altaic language} a group of related languages spoken in Asia and southeastern Europe

{n: Altaic} any member of the peoples speaking a language in the Altaic language group

{n: Ambrosiaceae, family Ambrosiaceae} in some classifications considered a separate family comprising a subgroup of the Compositae including the ragweeds

{n: Ansar al Islam, Ansar al-Islam, Supporters of Islam} a radical Islamic group of terrorists in the Iraqi part of Kurdistan who oppose an independent secular nation as advocated by the United States; some members fought with the Taliban and al-Qaeda forces in Afghanistan; said to receive financial support from Saddam Hussein

{n: Antilles} a group of islands in the West Indies

{n: Anunnaki, Enuki} any of a group of powerful Babylonian earth spirits or genii; servitors of the gods

{n: Aphasmidia, class Aphasmidia} one of two subgroups of Nematoda used in some classification systems

{n: Aramean, Aramaean} a member of one of a group of Semitic peoples inhabiting Aram and parts of Mesopotamia from the 11th to the 8th century BC

{n: Arawak, Arawakan} a member of a widespread group of Amerindians living in northeastern South America

{n: Arizona sycamore, Platanus wrightii} medium-sized tree of Arizona and adjacent regions having deeply lobed leaves and collective fruits in groups of 3 to 5

{n: Armed Islamic Group, GIA} a terrorist organization of Islamic extremists whose violent activities began in 1992; aims to overthrow the secular Algerian regime and replace it with an Islamic state
"the GIA has embarked on a terrorist campaign of civilian massacres"

{n: Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia, ASALA, Orly Group, 3rd October Organization} a militant Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization formed in 1975 to force Turkey to acknowledge killing more than a million Armenians and forcibly removing them from border areas in 1915; wants Turkey to pay reparations and cede territory to Armenia
"ASALA bombing at Orly Airport in Paris in 1983 killed 8 and wounded 55 people"

{n: Arminian Baptist, General Baptist} group of Baptist congregations believing the teachings of the Dutch theologian Jacobus Arminius (who opposed the doctrine of strict predestination of the Calvinists)

{n: Asbat al-Ansar, Band of Partisans} an extremist Palestinian Sunni group active in Lebanon in the early 1990s that advocates Salafism; responsible for murders and bombings; seeks to overthrow the Lebanese government and control Palestinian refugee camps; funded by al-Qaeda

{n: Ashcan School, Eight} a group of United States painters founded in 1907 and noted for their realistic depictions of sordid aspects of city life

{n: Asteridae, subclass Asteridae} a group of mostly sympetalous herbs and some trees and shrubs mostly with 2 fused carpels; contains 43 families including Campanulales; Solanaceae; Scrophulariaceae; Labiatae; Verbenaceae; Rubiaceae; Compositae; sometimes classified as a superorder

{n: Athapaskan, Athapascan, Athabaskan, Athabascan, Athapaskan language} a group of Amerindian languages (the name coined by an American anthropologist, Edward Sapir)

{n: Athapaskan, Athapascan, Athabaskan, Athabascan} a member of any of the North American Indian groups speaking an Athapaskan language and living in the subarctic regions of western Canada and central Alaska

{n: Baader Meinhof Gang, Baader-Meinhof Gang} a radical left-wing revolutionary terrorist group active in Germany from 1968 until 1977

{n: Baltic-Finnic} a group of Finnic languages including Finnish and Estonian

{n: Basotho} a member of a subgroup of people who inhabit Lesotho

{n: Beatles} a rock group from Liverpool who between 1962 and 1970 produced a variety of hit songs and albums (most of it written by Paul McCartney and John Lennon)

{n: Bermuda, Bermudas} a group of islands in the Atlantic off the Carolina coast; British colony; a popular resort

{n: Big Dipper, Dipper, Plough, Charles's Wain, Wain, Wagon} a group of seven bright stars in the constellation Ursa Major

{n: Bismarck Archipelago} a group of islands in the southwestern Pacific northeast of New Guinea; part of Papua New Guinea

{n: Biu-Mandara} a group of Chadic languages spoken in the border area between Cameroon and Nigeria south of Lake Chad

{n: Black Muslim} an activist member of a largely American group of Blacks called the Nation of Islam

{n: Blackfoot} a member of a warlike group of Algonquians living in the northwestern plains

{n: Bloomsbury Group} an inner circle of writers and artists and philosophers who lived in or around Bloomsbury early in the 20th century and were noted for their unconventional lifestyles

{n: Bolshevik, Bolshevist} a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist party

{n: Brule} a member of a group of Siouan people who constituted a division of the Teton Sioux

{n: Brythonic, Brittanic} a southern group of Celtic languages

{n: Buddhism} a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha

{n: Caddo} a group of Plains Indians formerly living in what is now North and South Dakota and Nebraska and Kansas and Arkansas and Louisiana and Oklahoma and Texas

{n: Canaanitic, Canaanitic language} a group of Semitic languages

{n: Canary Islands, Canaries} a group of mountainous islands in the Atlantic off the northwest coast of Africa forming Spanish provinces

{n: Cape Verde Islands} a group of islands in the Atlantic off of the coast of Senegal

{n: Carduelinae, subfamily Carduelinae} used in some classifications for a subgroup of finches

{n: Carlsbad Caverns} a group of caverns in southeastern New Mexico noted for their stalactites and stalagmites

{n: Caryophyllidae, subclass Caryophyllidae} a group of families of mostly flowers having basal or central placentation and trinucleate pollen (binucleate pollen is commoner in flowering plants); contains 14 families including: Caryophyllaceae (carnations and pinks); Aizoaceae; Amaranthaceae; Batidaceae; Chenopodiaceae; Cactaceae (order Opuntiales); Nyctaginaceae; Phytolaccaceae; corresponds approximately to order Caryophyllales; sometimes classified as a superorder

{n: Chaetognatha, phylum Chaetognatha} arrowworms: a group of small active transparent marine worms

{n: Channel Island} any of a group of British islands in the English Channel off the northern coast of France

{n: Chari-Nile} a group of Nilo-Saharan language spoken in parts of the Sudan and Zaire and Uganda and Tanzania

{n: Chemakuan} a group of Mosan languages spoken in Washington

{n: Chukaku-Ha} an ultra-leftist militant group founded in 1957 from the breakup of the Japanese Communist Party; includes a covert action wing
"Chukaku-Ha attacks tend to cause property damage rather than casualties"

{n: Copehan} a group of Penutian languages spoken to the west of the Sacramento river

{n: Crimean War} a war in Crimea between Russia and a group of nations including England and France and Turkey and Sardinia; 1853-1856

{n: Cushitic} a group of languages spoken in Ethiopia and Somalia and northwestern Kenya and adjacent regions

{n: Cyclades, Kikladhes} a group of over 200 islands in the southern Aegean

{n: Cynic} a member of a group of ancient Greek philosophers who advocated the doctrine that virtue is the only good and that the essence of virtue is self-control

{n: Dard, Dardic, Dardic language} any of a group of Indic languages spoken in Kashmir and eastern Afghanistan and northern Pakistan

{n: Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, DFLP, Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine, PDFLP} a Marxist-Leninist group that believes Palestinian goals can only be achieved by revolutionary change
"in 1974 the DFLP took over a schoolhouse and massacred Israeli schoolchildren"

{n: Dilleniidae, subclass Dilleniidae} a group of families of more or less advanced trees and shrubs and herbs having either polypetalous or gamopetalous corollas and often with ovules attached to the walls of the ovary; contains 69 families including Ericaceae and Cruciferae and Malvaceae; sometimes classified as a superorder

{n: Discomycetes, subclass Discomycetes} a large and taxonomically difficult group of Ascomycetes in which the fleshy fruiting body is disklike or cup-shaped

{n: Dodecanese, Dhodhekanisos} a group of islands in the southeast Aegean Sea

{n: East Chadic} a group of Chadic languages spoken in Chad

{n: East Turkistan Islamic Movement, East Turkestan Islamic Movement} a group of Uighur Muslims fighting Chinese control of Xinjiang; declared by China in 2001 to be terrorists although there is a long history of cycles of insurgency and repression

{n: Egadi Islands, Aegadean Isles, Aegadean Islands, Isole Egadi, Aegates} a group of islands off the west coast of Sicily in the Mediterranean

{n: Falkland Islands} a group of over 100 islands in the southern Atlantic off the coast of Argentina; a British crown colony

{n: Faroe Islands, Faeroe Islands, Faroes, Faeroes} a group of 21 volcanic islands in the North Atlantic between Iceland and the Shetland Islands

{n: Fatah Revolutionary Council, Fatah-RC, Abu Nidal Organization, ANO, Arab Revolutionary Brigades, Black September, Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims} a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries
"in the 1980s the Fatah-RC was considered the most dangerous and murderous Palestinian terror group"

{n: Fatah Tanzim, Tanzim} a terrorist group organized by Yasser Arafat in 1995 as the armed wing of al-Fatah; serves a dual function of violent confrontation with Israel and serves as Arafat's unofficial militia to prevent rival Islamists from usurping leadership

{n: Fates, Weird Sisters, Three Weird Sisters} a group of three goddesses of destiny

{n: Fauve, fauvist} a member of a group of French painters who followed fauvism

{n: Fiji Islands, Fijis} a group of more than 800 islands (100 inhabited) in the southwestern Pacific; larger islands (Viti Levu and Vanua Levu) are of volcanic origin surrounded by coral reefs; smaller islands are coral

{n: First of October Antifascist Resistance Group, GRAPO} an armed wing of the (illegal) Communist Party of Spain; seeks to overthrow the Spanish government and replace it with a Marxist-Leninist regime
"GRAPO is vehemently opposed to the United States"

{n: Fomor, Fomorian} one of a group of Celtic sea demons sometimes associated with the hostile power of nature

{n: Forces of Umar Al-Mukhtar, Umar al-Mukhtar Forces} a little known Palestinian group responsible for bombings and for killing Israelis; seeks to defeat Israel and liberate southern Lebanon, Palestine, and Golan Heights

{n: French Academy} an honorary group of French writers and thinkers supported by the French government
"the French Academy sets standards for the use of the French language"

{n: Galapagos Islands, Galapagos} a group of islands in the Pacific off South America; owned by Ecuador; known for unusual animal life

{n: Galois theory} group theory applied to the solution of algebraic equations

{n: Gambier Islands} a group of islands in the south central Pacific; part of French Polynesia

{n: Ganoidei, order Ganoidei} a group of mostly extinct primitive bony fishes characterized by armor-like bony scales

{n: Germanic, Germanic language} a branch of the Indo-European family of languages; members that are spoken currently fall into two major groups: Scandinavian and West Germanic

{n: Gilbert Islands} a group of islands in Micronesia southwest of Hawaii; formerly part of the British colony of Gilbert and Ellice Islands until it became part of the Republic of Kiribati in 1979

{n: Grant, Duncan Grant, Duncan James Corrow Grant} Scottish painter; cousin of Lytton Strachey and member of the Bloomsbury Group (1885-1978)

{n: Great Attractor} a massive grouping of galaxies in the direction of Centaurus and Hydra whose gravitational attraction is believed to cause deviations in the paths of other galaxies

{n: Great Lakes} a group of 5 lakes in central North America

{n: Greater Antilles} a group of islands in the western West Indies

{n: Gur, Voltaic} a group of Niger-Congo languages spoken primarily in southeastern Mali and northern Ghana

{n: Haida} a member of a seafaring group of North American Indians who lived on the Pacific coast of British Columbia and southwestern Alaska

{n: Hamamelidae, subclass Hamamelidae} a group of chiefly woody plants considered among the most primitive of angiosperms; perianth poorly developed or lacking; flowers often unisexual and often in catkins and often wind pollinated; contains 23 families including the Betulaceae and Fagaceae (includes the Amentiferae); sometimes classified as a superorder

{n: Hamitic, Hamitic language} a group of languages in northern Africa related to Semitic

{n: Hare Krishna, International Society for Krishna Consciousness, ISKCON} a religious sect founded in the United States in 1966; based on Vedic scriptures; groups engage in joyful chanting of `Hare Krishna' and other mantras based on the name of the Hindu god Krishna; devotees usually wear saffron robes and practice vegetarianism and celibacy

{n: Harkat-ul-Mujahidin, HUM, Harkat ul-Ansar, HUA, Harkat ul-Mujahedeen, Al Faran, Movement of Holy Warriors} an Islamic fundamentalist group in Pakistan that fought the Soviet Union in Afghanistan in the 1980s; now operates as a terrorist organization primarily in Kashmir and seeks Kashmir's accession by Pakistan

{n: Hawaiian Islands, Sandwich Islands} a group of volcanic and coral islands in the central Pacific

{n: Hebrides, Hebridean Islands, Hebridean Isles, Western Islands, Western Isles} a group of more than 500 islands off the western coast of Scotland

{n: Hesperides, Atlantides} (Greek mythology) group of 3 to 7 nymphs who guarded the golden apples that Gaea gave as a wedding gift to Hera

{n: Heterostraci, suborder Heterostraci} extinct group of armored jawless fishes or fishlike vertebrate; taxonomy is not clear

{n: Hittite} the language of the Hittites and the principal language of the Anatolian group of languages; deciphered from cuneiform inscriptions

{n: Hizb ut-Tahrir, Freedom Party} the most popular and feared Islamic extremist group in central Asia; advocates `pure' Islam and the creation of a worldwide Islamic state

{n: Honegger, Arthur Honegger} Swiss composer (born in France) who was the founding member of a group in Paris that included Erik Satie and Darius Milhaud and Francis Poulenc and Jean Cocteau (1892-1955)

{n: Igbo} a member of the largest ethnic group in southeastern Nigeria
"most Igbo are farmers"

{n: Igigi} any of a group of heavenly spirits under the god Anu

{n: Inca, Inka, Incan} a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s

{n: Indian chief, Indian chieftain} the leader of a group of native Americans

{n: Indo-Iranian, Indo-Iranian language} the branch of the Indo-European family of languages including the Indic and Iranian language groups

{n: Intelligence Community, National Intelligence Community, United States Intelligence Community, IC} a group of government agencies and organizations that carry out intelligence activities for the United States government; headed by the Director of Central Intelligence

{n: Iraqi National Congress, INC} a heterogeneous collection of groups united in their opposition to Saddam Hussein's government of Iraq; formed in 1992 it is comprised of Sunni and Shiite Arabs and Kurds who hope to build a new government

{n: Irish National Liberation Army, INLA, People's Liberation Army, People's Republican Army, Catholic Reaction Force} a radical terrorist group dedicated to the removal of British forces from Northern Ireland and the unification of Ireland

{n: Islamic Army of Aden, IAA, Islamic Army of Aden-Abyan, Aden-Abyan Islamic Army} Yemen-based terrorist group that supports al-Qaeda's goals; seeks to overthrow the Yemeni government and eliminate United States interests; responsible for bombings and kidnappings and killing Western tourists in Yemen

{n: Islamic Group of Uzbekistan, IMU, Islamic Party of Turkestan} a terrorist group of Islamic militants formed in 1996; opposes Uzbekistan's secular regime and wants to establish an Islamic state in central Asia; is a conduit for drugs from Afghanistan to central Asian countries

{n: Jaish-i-Mohammed, Jaish-e-Muhammad, JEM, Army of Muhammad} a terrorist organization founded in 2000; a militant Islamic group active in Kashmir and closely aligned with al-Rashid Trust; seeks to secure release of imprisoned fellow militants by kidnappings

{n: Jemaah Islamiyah, JI, Islamic Group, Islamic Community, Malaysian Mujahidin Group, Malaysia Militant Group} a clandestine group of southeast Asian terrorists organized in 1993 and trained by al-Qaeda; supports militant Muslims in Indonesia and the Philippines and has cells in Singapore and Malaysia and Indonesia

{n: Jund-ul-Islam, Soldiers of God} an Islamic extremist group of Kurds who oppose secular control with bombings and assassinations; believed to have ties with al-Qaeda

{n: Kalashnikov culture} the attitudes and behavior in a social group that resolves political disputes by force of arms
"the Kalashnikov culture in Afghanistan"

{n: Kam-Sui} a group of Kadai languages

{n: Kanarese, Canarese} a member of a Kannada-speaking group of people living chiefly in Kanara in southern India

{n: Kaplan Group, Association of Islamic Groups and Communities, Caliphate State} a Turkish terrorist group of fundamentalist Muslims with ties to al-Qaeda that operates in Germany; seeks the violent overthrow of the Turkish government and the establishment of an Islamic nation modeled on Iran

{n: Khalsa} the group of initiated Sikhs to which devout orthodox Sikhs are ritually admitted at puberty; founded by the tenth and last Guru in 1699

{n: Kordofanian} a group of languages spoken in the relatively small Kordofan area of the south Sudan

{n: Kulanapan} a group of languages of the Hokan family

{n: Kurdistan Workers Party, Kurdistan Labor Pary, Partiya Karkeran Kurdistan, PPK} a Marxist-Leninist terrorist group of Kurds trying to establish an independent Kurdish state in eastern Turkey

{n: Kurd} a member of a largely pastoral Islamic people who live in Kurdistan; the largest ethnic group without their own state

{n: Kwa} a group of African language in the Niger-Congo group spoken from the Ivory Coast east to Nigeria

{n: Lashkar-e-Jhangvi} a Sunni Muslim extremist group in Pakistan that collaborates with al-Qaeda; the armed wing of Sipah-e-Sahaba

{n: Lashkar-e-Omar, Al Qanoon} a terrorist organization formed in Pakistan in 2002 as a coalition of extremist Islamic militant groups including Lashkar-e-Taiba and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Jaish-e-Muhammad and elements of al-Qaeda

{n: Lashkar-e-Taiba, Lashkar-e-Toiba, Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, LET, Army of the Pure, Army of the Righteous} the most brutal terrorist group active in Kashmir; fights against India with the goal of restoring Islamic rule of India
"Lashkar-e-Toiba has committed mass murders of civilian Hindus"

{n: Lautaro Youth Movement, Lautaro Faction of the United Popular Action Movement, Lautaro Popular Rebel Forces} a violent terrorist group organized in the 1980s and advocating the overthrow of the Chilean military government; leaders are mainly criminals or impoverished youths

{n: Leeward Islands} a group of islands in the eastern West Indies

{n: Lesser Antilles, Caribees} a group of islands in the southeastern West Indies

{n: Little Bighorn, Battle of Little Bighorn, Battle of the Little Bighorn, Custer's Last Stand} a battle in Montana near the Little Bighorn River between United States cavalry under Custer and several groups of Native Americans (1876); Custer was pursuing Sioux led by Sitting Bull; Custer underestimated the size of the Sioux forces (which were supported by Cheyenne warriors) and was killed along with all his command

{n: Madeira Islands, Madeiras} a group of volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean west of Morocco; the group forms an autonomous region of Portugal

{n: Mafia, Maffia, Sicilian Mafia} a secret terrorist group in Sicily; originally opposed tyranny but evolved into a criminal organization in the middle of the 19th century

{n: Magnoliidae, subclass Magnoliidae, ranalian complex} a group of families or trees and shrubs and herbs having well-developed perianths and apocarpous ovaries and generally regarded as the most primitive extant flowering plants; contains 36 families including Magnoliaceae and Ranunculaceae; sometimes classified as a superorder

{n: Maktab al-Khidmat, MAK} a terrorist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in the 1980s to provide money and recruit fighters around the world; enlisted and transported thousands of men to Afghanistan to fights the Russians; a split in the group led bin Laden and the extremist faction of MAK to form al-Qaeda

{n: Malacopterygii, superorder Malacopterygii} an extensive group of teleost fishes having fins supported by flexible cartilaginous rays

{n: Malay Archipelago, East Indies, East India} a group of islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans between Asia and Australia

{n: Maldives, Maldive Islands} a group of about 1,200 small coral islands (about 220 inhabited) in the Indian ocean

{n: Mande} a group of African languages in the Niger-Congo group spoken from Senegal east as far as the Ivory Coast

{n: Manuel Rodriquez Patriotic Front} a terrorist group formed in 1983 as the armed wing of the Chilean Communist Party

{n: Marquesas Islands, Iles Marquises} a group of volcanic islands in the south central Pacific; part of French Polynesia

{n: Marshall Islands} a group of coral islands in eastern Micronesia

{n: Marut} any of a group of storm gods; offspring of Rudra

{n: Masa} an independent group of closely related Chadic languages spoken in the area between the Biu-Mandara and East Chadic languages

{n: Mennonitism} system of beliefs and practices including belief in scriptural authority; plain dress; adult baptism; foot washing; restriction of marriage to members of the group

{n: Menshevik} a Russian member of the liberal minority group that advocated gradual reform and opposed the Bolsheviks before and during the Russian Revolution

{n: Miniconju} a member of a group of Siouan people who constituted a division of the Teton Sioux

{n: Moluccas, Spice Islands} a group of island in eastern Indonesia between Celebes and New Guinea; settled by the Portuguese but taken by the Dutch who made them the center for a spice monopoly, at which time they were known as Spice Islands

{n: Moranzanist Patriotic Front} a terrorist group of radical leftists formed in the late 1980s; seeks to prevent the United States from intervening in Honduran economic and political affairs

{n: Nation of Islam} a group of militant Black Americans who profess Islamic religious beliefs and advocate independence for Black Americans

{n: National Liberation Army, ELN, Nestor Paz Zamora Commission, CNPZ} a terrorist organization in Bolivia that acts as an umbrella for numerous small indigenous subversive groups; a revival of a group with Marxist-Leninist ideologies originally established by Che Guevara in the 1960s

{n: National Liberation Army, ELN} a Marxist terrorist group formed in 1963 by Colombian intellectuals who were inspired by the Cuban Revolution; responsible for a campaign of mass kidnappings and resistance to the government's efforts to stop the drug trade
"ELN kidnappers target foreign employees of large corporations"

{n: National Liberation Front of Corsica, FLNC} a terrorist group formed in 1976 to work for Corsican independence; attacks on Corsica are aimed at sabotaging public infrastructure and symbols of colonialism

{n: Nazarene, Ebionite} a member of a group of Jews who (during the early history of the Christian Church) accepted Jesus as the Messiah; they accepted the Gospel According to Matthew but rejected the Epistles of St. Paul and continued to follow Jewish law and celebrate Jewish holidays; they were later declared heretic by the Church of Rome

{n: Netherlands Antilles} a group of islands in the Lesser Antilles just north of Venezuela that are administered by The Netherlands

{n: New Siberian Islands} a group of islands in the Arctic Ocean north of Siberia and east of the Laptev Sea

{n: Nguni} a group of southern Bantu languages

{n: Nilotic, Nilotic language} a group of languages of East Africa belonging to the Chari-Nile group

{n: Oceania, Oceanica} a large group of islands in the south Pacific including Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia (and sometimes Australasia and the Malay Archipelago)

{n: Old World flycatcher, true flycatcher, flycatcher} any of a large group of small songbirds that feed on insects taken on the wing

{n: Omotic} a group of related languages spoken in a valley of southern Ethiopia; closely related to Cushitic languages

{n: Orange Group, OV} a terrorist group of Protestants who oppose any political settlement with Irish nationalists; a paramilitary group that attacks Catholic interests in Northern Ireland

{n: Osco-Umbrian} a group of dead languages of ancient Italy; they were displace by Latin

{n: Osteostraci, suborder Osteostraci, Cephalaspida, suborder Cephalaspida} extinct group of armored fishlike vertebrates; taxonomy is not clear

{n: Ostracodermi, order Ostracodermi} extinct group of armored jawless vertebrates; taxonomy is not clear

{n: Ostrogoth} a member of the eastern group of Goths who created a kingdom in northern Italy around 500 AD

{n: Palestine Islamic Jihad, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, PIJ, Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami al-Filastini} a militant Palestinian terrorist group created in 1979 and committed to the creation of an Islamic state in Palestine and to the destruction of Israel; smaller and more exclusively militant that Hamas

{n: Palestine Liberation Front, PLF, Jabat al-Tahrir al-Filistiniyyah} a terrorist group formed in 1977 as the result of a split with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine; became a satellite of al-Fatah; made terrorist attacks on Israel across the Lebanese border

{n: Palestinian Hizballah} a little known Palestinian group comprised of members of Hamas and Tanzim with suspected ties to the Lebanese Hizballah; responsible for suicide bombings in Israel

{n: Palestinian} an ethnic group of Arabs formerly living in Palestine

{n: Pathan, Pashtun, Pushtun, Pashtoon} a member of the mountain people living in the eastern regions of Afghanistan
"Pathans are the predominant ethnic group in Afghanistan"

{n: People against Gangsterism and Drugs, PAGAD} a terrorist organization in South Africa formed in 1996 to fight drug lords; evolved into a vigilante group with anti Western views closely allied with Qibla; is believed to have ties to Islamic extremists in the Middle East; is suspected of conducting bouts of urban terrorism

{n: Perciformes, order Perciformes, Percomorphi, order Percomorphi} one of the largest natural groups of fishes of both marine and fresh water: true perches; basses; tuna

{n: Permic} a group of Finnic languages spoken in the northwest Urals

{n: Phycomycetes, Phycomycetes group} a large and probably unnatural group of fungi and funguslike organisms comprising the Mastigomycota (including the Oomycetes) and Zygomycota subdivisions of the division Eumycota; a category not used in all systems

{n: Pindaric ode, Pindaric} an ode form used by Pindar; has triple groups of triple units

{n: Pisces} a group of vertebrates comprising both cartilaginous and bony fishes and sometimes including the jawless vertebrates; not used technically

{n: Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, PFLP} a terrorist group of limited popularity formed in 1967 after the Six-Day War; combined Marxist-Leninist ideology with Palestinian nationalism; used terrorism to gain attention for their cause; hoped to eliminate the state of Israel

{n: Popular Struggle Front, PSF} a terrorist group of radical Palestinians who split with al-Fatah in 1967 but now have close relations with al-Fatah; staged terrorist attacks against Israel across the Lebanese border

{n: Pteridospermae, group Pteridospermae, Pteridospermaphyta, group Pteridospermaphyta} used in some classification systems: a group of extinct fossil gymnosperms coextensive with the order Cycadofilicales

{n: Pulsatilla, genus Pulsatilla} includes a group of plants that in some classifications are included in the genus Anemone: pasqueflowers

{n: Puritan} a member of a group of English Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries thought that the Protestant Reformation under Elizabeth was incomplete and advocated the simplification and regulation of forms of worship

{n: Qibla} a small terrorist group of Muslims in South Africa formed in the 1980s; was inspired by Ayatollah Khomeini to create an Islamic state in South Africa

{n: Quoratean} a group of languages of the Hokan family

{n: RAM disk} (computer science) a virtual drive that is created by setting aside part of the random-access memory to use as if it were a group of sectors
"access to a RAM disk is very fast but the data it contains is lost when the system is turned off"

{n: Raptores, order Raptores} term used in former classifications; erroneously grouped together birds of the orders Falconiformes and Strigiformes

{n: Red Army Faction, RAF} a Marxist and Maoist terrorist organization in Germany; a network of underground guerillas who committed acts of violence in the service of the class struggle; a successor to the Baader-Meinhof Gang; became one of Europe's most feared terrorist groups; disbanded in 1998

{n: Red Hand Defenders, RHD} a paramilitary group of Protestants in Northern Ireland that tries to prevent any political settlement with the Irish Free State; attacks interests of Catholic civilians in Northern Ireland; responsible for arson and bombing and murder

{n: Revolutionary Proletarian Nucleus, Revolutionary Proletarian Initiative Nuclei, NIPR} a clandestine group of leftist extremists who oppose Italy's labor policies and foreign policy; responsible for bombing building in the historic center of Rome from 2000 to 2002

{n: Revolutionary United Front, RUF} a terrorist group formed in the 1980s in Sierra Leone; seeks to overthrow the government and gain control of the diamond producing regions; responsible for attacks on civilians and children, widespread torture and murder and using children to commit atrocities; sponsored by the president of Liberia

{n: Rh-positive blood type, Rh positive} the blood group (approximately 85% of people) whose red cells have the Rh factor (Rh antigen)

{n: Rosidae, subclass Rosidae} a group of trees and shrubs and herbs mostly with polypetalous flowers; contains 108 families including Rosaceae; Crassulaceae; Myrtaceae; Melastomaceae; Euphorbiaceae; Umbelliferae

{n: Rotary Club, Rotary International} a group of businessmen in a town organized as a service club and to promote world peace

{n: Salafism, Salafi movement} a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels; seek to convert all Muslims and to insure that its own fundamentalist version of Islam will dominate the world

{n: Salafist Group, Salafast Group for Call and Combat, GSPC} an Algerian extremist Islamic offshoot of the Armed Islamic Group; now the largest and most active armed terrorist group in Algeria that seeks to overthrow the government; a major source of support and recruitment for al-Qaeda operations in Europe and northern Africa

{n: Salish} a member of a group of North American Indians speaking a Salishan language and living on the northwest coast of North America

{n: Samoa, Samoan Islands} a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific midway between Hawaii and Australia; its climate and scenery and Polynesian culture make it a popular tourist stop

{n: Scandinavia} a group of culturally related countries in northern Europe; Finland and Iceland are sometimes considered Scandinavian

{n: Semite} a member of a group of Semitic-speaking peoples of the Middle East and northern Africa

{n: Seychelles, Seychelles islands} a group of about 90 islands in the western Indian Ocean north of Madagascar

{n: Shaker} a member of Christian group practicing celibacy and communal living and common possession of property and separation from the world

{n: Shastan} a group of languages of the Hokan family in California

{n: Shining Path, Sendero Luminoso, SL} a terrorist group formed in Peru in the late 1960s as a splinter group from the communist party of Peru; is among the most ruthless guerilla organizations in the world; seeks to destroy Peruvian institutions and replace them with a Maoist peasant regime; is involved in the cocaine trade
"Shining Path has been responsible for 30,000 deaths"

{n: Sihasapa} a member of a group of Siouan people who constituted a division of the Teton Sioux

{n: Sinitic, Sinitic language} a group of Sino-Tibetan languages

{n: Sioux, Siouan} a member of a group of North American Indian peoples who spoke a Siouan language and who ranged from Lake Michigan to the Rocky Mountains

{n: Siraj-ud-daula} Indian general and nawab of Bengal who opposed the colonization of India by England; he captured Calcutta in 1756 and many of his prisoners suffocated in a crowded room that became known as the Black Hole of Calcutta; he was defeated at the battle of Plassey by a group of Indian nobles in alliance with Robert Clive (1728-1757)

{n: Society Islands} an island group of French Polynesia in the South Pacific east of Samoa

{n: Sophist} any of a group of Greek philosophers and teachers in the 5th century BC who speculated on a wide range of subjects

{n: South American Indian} a member of a native Indian group in South America

{n: Special Air Service, SAS} a specialist regiment of the British army that is trained in commando techniques of warfare and used in clandestine operations (especially against terrorist groups)

{n: Strachey, Lytton Strachey, Giles Lytton Strachey} English biographer and leading member of the Bloomsbury Group (1880-1932)

{n: Tajik, Tadzhik} an ethnic group (mostly Moslem) living in Tajikistan and neighboring areas of Uzbekistan and Afghanistan and China

{n: Taracahitian} a member of a group of peoples of Mexico

{n: Tatar} a member of the Turkic-speaking people living from the Volga to the Ural Mountains (the name has been attributed to many other groups)

{n: Teton, Lakota, Teton Sioux, Teton Dakota} a member of the large western branch of Sioux people which was made up of several groups that lived on the plains

{n: Tlingit} a member of a seafaring group of North American Indians living in southern Alaska

{n: Tribes of Israel, Twelve Tribes of Israel} twelve kin groups of ancient Israel each traditionally descended from one of the twelve sons of Jacob

{n: Tuamotu Archipelago, Paumotu Archipelago, Low Archipelago} a group of about 80 coral islands in French Polynesia

{n: Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army, EGTK} a terrorist group that is the remnants of the original Bolivian insurgents trained by Che Guevara; attacks small unprotected targets such as power pylons or oil pipelines or government buildings

{n: Turkish Hizballah} an ethnic Kurdish group of Sunni extremists formed in the late 1980s in southeastern Turkey; seeks to replace Turkey's secular regime with an Islamic state and strict shariah law; responsible for bombings and the torture and murder of Turkish and Kurdish journalists and businessmen; receives support from Iran

{n: Tuvalu, Ellice Islands} a group of coral islands in Micronesia southwest of Hawaii

{n: Ulster Defense Association, UDA} the major Protestant paramilitary group in Northern Ireland; responsible for bombing the homes of Catholics and for criminal racketeering and selling drugs

{n: United Self-Defense Force of Colombia, United Self-Defense Group of Colombia, Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia, AUC} a terrorist organization in Colombia formed in 1997 as an umbrella for local and regional paramilitary groups; is financed by earnings from narcotics and serves to protect the economic interests of its members
"the AUC conducted over 800 assassinations in one year"

{n: Ural-Altaic} a (postulated) group of languages including many of the indigenous languages of Russia (but not Russian)

{n: Virgin Islands} a group of islands in northeastern West Indies (east of Puerto Rico) discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493; owned by United States and Britain

{n: Visigoth} a member of the western group of Goths who sacked Rome and created a kingdom in present-day Spain and southern France

{n: Volcano Islands} a group of Japanese Islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean north of the Marianas

{n: Volgaic} a group of Finnic languages spoken around the Volga river

{n: Walloon} an ethnic group speaking a dialect of French and living in southern and eastern Belgium and neighboring parts of France

{n: West African} a group of languages spoken in the extreme western part of West Africa

{n: West Chadic} a group of Chadic languages spoken in northern Nigeria; Hausa in the most important member

{n: Windward Islands, Windward Isles} a group of islands in the southeastern West Indies; the southern part of the Lesser Antilles

{n: Woolf, Virginia Woolf, Adeline Virginia Stephen Woolf} English author whose work used such techniques as stream of consciousness and the interior monologue; prominent member of the Bloomsbury Group (1882-1941)

{n: Yanan} a language group of the Hokan family

{n: Yeniseian} a member of one of the groups living in the Yenisei river valley in western Siberia

{n: Young Turk} a member of one or more of the insurgent groups in Turkey in the late 19th century who rebelled against the absolutism of Ottoman rule

{n: Yuman} a group of language of the Hokan family in Arizona and California and Mexico

{n: abbess, mother superior, prioress} the superior of a group of nuns

{n: aberrant} one whose behavior departs substantially from the norm of a group

{n: accession} a process of increasing by addition (as to a collection or group)
"the art collection grew through accession"

{n: acetyl, acetyl group, acetyl radical, ethanoyl group, ethanoyl radical} the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)

{n: acetylation} the process of introducing an acetyl group into a compound
"the acetylation of cyclooxygenase-2 by aspirin"

{n: actinolite} a green mineral of the amphibole group; calcium magnesium iron silicate

{n: acyl, acyl group} any group or radical of the form RCO- where R is an organic group
"an example of the acyl group is the acetyl group"

{n: acylation} the process of introducing an acyl group into a compound

{n: adaptive radiation} the development of many different forms from an originally homogeneous group of organisms as they fill different ecological niches

{n: adenovirus} any of a group of viruses including those that in humans cause upper respiratory infections or infectious pinkeye

{n: adverbial} a word or group of words function as an adverb

{n: affinity, phylogenetic relation} (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts
"in anatomical structure prehistoric man shows close affinity with modern humans"

{n: agglutination test} a blood test used to identify unknown antigens; blood with the unknown antigen is mixed with a known antibody and whether or not agglutination occurs helps to identify the antigen; used in tissue matching and blood grouping and diagnosis of infections

{n: air group} a unit of the United States Air Force larger than a squadron and smaller than a wing

{n: al-Fatah, Fatah, al-Asifa} a Palestinian political and military organization founded by Yasser Arafat in 1958 to work toward the creation of a Palestinian state; during the 1960s and 1970s trained terrorist and insurgent groups
"al-Fatah carried out numerous acts of international terrorism in western Europe and the Middle East in the 1970s"

{n: al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya, Islamic Group} a terrorist organization of militant Islamists organized into tiny cells of extreme fundamentalists; emerged during the 1970s mainly in Egyptian jails
"al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya uses force to push Egyptian society toward Islamic rule"

{n: al-Jihad, Egyptian Islamic Jihad, Islamic Jihad, Vanguards of Conquest} an Islamic extremist group active since the late 1970s; seeks to overthrow the Egyptian government and replace it with an Islamic state; works in small underground cells
"the original Jihad was responsible for the assassination of Anwar Sadat in 1981"

{n: al-Ma'unah} a radical insurgent Islamist group consisting of disaffected middle-class professionals in Malaysia who want to overthrow the government by violent means and set up an Islamic state

{n: al-Qaeda, Qaeda, al-Qa'ida, al-Qaida, Base} a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries

{n: al-Rashid Trust} a terrorist group organized in 1996 after the Taliban took over Afghanistan and part of Osama bin Laden's international system; provides financial support for the Taliban and al-Qaeda and Jaish-i-Mohammed and assists Muslim militants around the world; established a network of madrasas and mosques in Afghanistan

{n: aldol, aldehyde-alcohol} an oily colorless liquid obtained by the condensation of two molecules of acetaldehyde; contains an alcohol group (-OH) and an aldehyde group (-CHO)

{n: alkali metal, alkaline metal} any of the monovalent metals of group I of the periodic table (lithium or sodium or potassium or rubidium or cesium or francium)
"the hydroxides of the alkali metals are strongly alkaline"

{n: alkaline earth, alkaline-earth metal} any of the bivalent metals of group II of the periodic table (calcium or strontium or barium or magnesium or beryllium)

{n: alkyl, alkyl group, alkyl radical} any of a series of univalent groups of the general formula CnH2n+1 derived from aliphatic hydrocarbons

{n: allocation unit} a group of sectors on a magnetic disk that can be reserved for the use of a particular file

{n: aluminum business, aluminum industry} manufacturers of aluminum considered as a group

{n: amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid} organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group
"proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"

{n: amora} one of a group of rabbis (active AD 250-500) who discussed the Mishnaic law in the law schools of Palestine and Mesopotamia where they explained and applied earlier teachings and whose discussions are recorded in the Talmud; they emphasized the study of Torah and the importance of personal action and the fulfillment of the commandments

{n: amphibole group} a group of minerals with similar crystal structures containing a silicate chain and combinations of chiefly sodium and calcium and magnesium and iron and aluminum

{n: amylase} any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar

{n: anabolic steroid} any of a group of synthetic steroid hormones used to stimulate muscle and bone growth; more than 100 have been developed and each requires a prescription to be used legally in the United States; sometimes used illicitly by athletes to increase their strength

{n: anagrams} a game whose object is to form words from a group of randomly chosen letters

{n: anaplasia} loss of structural differentiation within a cell or group of cells often with increased capacity for multiplication, as in a malignant tumor

{n: animal group} a group of animals

{n: anthophyllite} a dark brown mineral of the amphibole group; magnesium iron silicate

{n: apparatus} (anatomy) a group of body parts that work together to perform a given function
"the breathing apparatus"

{n: arbovirus, arborvirus} a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis

{n: archespore, archesporium} primitive cell or group of cells from which a mother cell develops

{n: archipelago} a group of many islands in a large body of water

{n: army cutworm, Chorizagrotis auxiliaris} larvae (of a noctuid moth) that travel in large groups and destroy grains and alfalfa in the midwestern states

{n: arrangement} an orderly grouping (of things or persons) considered as a unit; the result of arranging
"a flower arrangement"

{n: artistic movement, art movement} a group of artists who agree on general principles

{n: assembly} a group of machine parts that fit together to form a self-contained unit

{n: assembly} a group of persons gathered together for a common purpose

{n: assimilation, absorption} the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another

{n: association} (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species

{n: association} a formal organization of people or groups of people
"he joined the Modern Language Association"

{n: augite} dark-green to black glassy mineral of the pyroxene group containing large amounts of aluminum and iron and magnesium

{n: autoimmune disease, autoimmune disorder} any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues

{n: avant-garde, vanguard, van, new wave} any creative group active in the innovation and application of new concepts and techniques in a given field (especially in the arts)

{n: baby} the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young)
"the baby of the family"
"the baby of the Supreme Court"

{n: back room} a room located in the rear of an establishment; usually accessible only to privileged groups

{n: backroom} the meeting place of a group of leaders who make their decisions via private negotiations

{n: barium, Ba, atomic number 56} a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite

{n: barrack} a building or group of buildings used to house military personnel

{n: bastion} a group that defends a principle
"a bastion against corruption"
"the last bastion of communism"

{n: battery} group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one place

{n: battle group} an army unit usually consisting of five companies

{n: beam, ray, electron beam} a group of nearly parallel lines of electromagnetic radiation

{n: bevy} a group of girls or young women

{n: biological group} a group of plants or animals

{n: bloc, axis} a group of countries in special alliance

{n: block} (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted
"since blocks are often defined as a single sector, the terms `block' and `sector' are sometimes used interchangeably"

{n: blood} people viewed as members of a group
"we need more young blood in this organization"

{n: body} a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity
"the whole body filed out of the auditorium"

{n: bohemia} a group of artists and writers with real or pretended artistic or intellectual aspirations and usually an unconventional life style

{n: booking, reservation} the act of reserving (a place or passage) or engaging the services of (a person or group)
"wondered who had made the booking"

{n: border patrol} a group of officers who patrol the borders of a country

{n: bowling pin, pin} a club-shaped wooden object used in bowling; set up in triangular groups of ten as the target

{n: bowling} a game in which balls are rolled at an object or group of objects with the aim of knocking them over or moving them

{n: brass band} a group of musicians playing only brass and percussion instruments

{n: brother} a male person who is a fellow member (of a fraternity or religion of other group)
"none of his brothers would betray him"

{n: bunch, clump, cluster, clustering} a grouping of a number of similar things
"a bunch of trees"
"a cluster of admirers"

{n: cacodyl, tetramethyldiarsine} a poisonous oily liquid with a garlicky odor composed of 2 cacodyl groups; undergoes spontaneous combustion in dry air

{n: camp follower} a follower who is not a member of an ingroup

{n: camp} a group of people living together in a camp
"the whole camp laughed at his mistake"

{n: canasta, basket rummy, meld} a form of rummy using two decks of cards and four jokers; jokers and deuces are wild; the object is to form groups of the same rank

{n: captain, chieftain} the leader of a group of people
"a captain of industry"

{n: car pool} a small group of car drivers who arrange to take turns driving while the others are passengers

{n: carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar} an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain

{n: carboxyl, carboxyl group} the univalent radical -COOH; present in and characteristic of organic acids

{n: cardinality} (mathematics) the number of elements in a set or group (considered as a property of that grouping)

{n: cardinal} (Roman Catholic Church) one of a group of more than 100 prominent bishops in the Sacred College who advise the Pope and elect new Popes

{n: case history} detailed record of the background of a person or group under study or treatment

{n: case study} a detailed analysis of a person or group from a social or psychological or medical point of view

{n: caspase} any of a group of proteases that mediate apoptosis

{n: catecholamine} any of a group of chemicals including epinephrine and norepinephrine that are produced in the medulla of the adrenal gland

{n: cattle, cows, kine, oxen, Bos taurus} domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age
"so many head of cattle"
"wait till the cows come home"
"seven thin and ill-favored kine"- Bible
"a team of oxen"

{n: cerium, Ce, atomic number 58} a ductile grey metallic element of the lanthanide series; used in lighter flints; the most abundant of the rare-earth group

{n: chabazite, chabasite} a group of minerals of the zeolite family consisting of a hydrous silicate of calcium and aluminum

{n: chamber music} serious music performed by a small group of musicians

{n: character} (genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes

{n: chlorophyll, chlorophyl} any of a group of green pigments found in photosynthetic organisms; there are four naturally occurring forms

{n: choragus} (ancient Greece) leader of a group or festival; leader of a chorus

{n: chordophone} a stringed instrument of the group including harps, lutes, lyres, and zithers

{n: chorus} a group of people assembled to sing together

{n: chorus} any utterance produced simultaneously by a group
"a chorus of boos"

{n: chosen, elect} an exclusive group of people
"one of the elect who have power inside the government"

{n: church, Christian church} one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship

{n: circuit court of appeals} one of the twelve federal United States courts of appeals that cover a group of states known as a `circuit'

{n: circuit} (law) a judicial division of a state or the United States (so-called because originally judges traveled and held court in different locations); one of the twelve groups of states in the United States that is covered by a particular circuit court of appeals

{n: circuit} an established itinerary of venues or events that a particular group of people travel to
"she's a familiar name on the club circuit"
"on the lecture circuit"
"the judge makes a circuit of the courts in his district"
"the international tennis circuit"

{n: circulation} the spread or transmission of something (as news or money) to a wider group or area

{n: civil rights leader, civil rights worker, civil rights activist} a leader of the political movement dedicated to securing equal opportunity for members of minority groups

{n: clade} a group of biological taxa or species that share features inherited from a common ancestor

{n: cladistics, cladistic analysis} a system of biological taxonomy based on the quantitative analysis of comparative data and used to reconstruct cladograms summarizing the (assumed) phylogenetic relations and evolutionary history of groups of organisms

{n: claque} a group of followers hired to applaud at a performance

{n: class action, class-action suit} a lawsuit brought by a representative member of a large group of people on behalf of all members of the group

{n: classification, categorization, categorisation} a group of people or things arranged by class or category

{n: clinic} a medical establishment run by a group of medical specialists

{n: clique, coterie, ingroup, inner circle, pack, camp} an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose

{n: clone, clon} a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell or individual by some kind of asexual reproduction

{n: clowder} a group of cats

{n: code of conduct, code of behavior} a set of conventional principles and expectations that are considered binding on any person who is a member of a particular group

{n: cofounder} one of a group of founders

{n: collective noun} a noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things

{n: collocation} a grouping of words in a sentence

{n: colony} (microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell

{n: colony} a group of animals of the same type living together

{n: combination} a group of people (often temporary) having a common purpose
"they were a winning combination"

{n: combination} the act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order

{n: communalism} loyalty and commitment to the interests of your own minority or ethnic group rather than to society as a whole

{n: communion} (Christianity) a group of Christians with a common religious faith who practice the same rites

{n: community, biotic community} (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other

{n: community} a group of nations having common interests
"they hoped to join the NATO community"

{n: community} a group of people having ethnic or cultural or religious characteristics in common
"the Christian community of the apostolic age"
"he was well known throughout the Catholic community"

{n: community} a group of people living in a particular local area
"the team is drawn from all parts of the community"

{n: concert band, military band} a group of musicians playing brass and woodwind and percussion instruments

{n: concerto grosso} a baroque composition for orchestra and a group of solo instruments

{n: confrontation, opposition} the act of hostile groups opposing each other
"the government was not ready for a confrontation with the unions"
"the invaders encountered stiff opposition"

{n: conglomerate, empire} a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization

{n: congregation, fold, faithful} a group of people who adhere to a common faith and habitually attend a given church

{n: consensus} agreement in the judgment or opinion reached by a group as a whole
"the lack of consensus reflected differences in theoretical positions"
"those rights and obligations are based on an unstated consensus"

{n: conspiracy, confederacy} a group of conspirators banded together to achieve some harmful or illegal purpose

{n: constitution, establishment, formation, organization, organisation} the act of forming something
"the constitution of a PTA group last year"
"it was the establishment of his reputation"
"he still remembers the organization of the club"

{n: construction, grammatical construction, expression} a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit
"I concluded from his awkward constructions that he was a foreigner"
<-> misconstruction

{n: consuetudinary, consuetudinal} a manual describing the customs of a particular group (especially the ceremonial practices of a monastic order)

{n: content} everything that is included in a collection
"he emptied the contents of his pockets"
"the two groups were similar in content"

{n: contingent} a gathering of persons representative of some larger group
"each nation sent a contingent of athletes to the Olympics"

{n: control center} the operational center for a group of related activities
"the general in command never left the control center"

{n: control} a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another
"measures for the control of disease"
"they instituted controls over drinking on campus"

{n: convener} the member of a group whose duty it is to convene meetings

{n: core, nucleus, core group} a small group of indispensable persons or things
"five periodicals make up the core of their publishing program"

{n: corruption, subversion} destroying someone's (or some group's) honesty or loyalty; undermining moral integrity
"corruption of a minor"
"the big city's subversion of rural innocence"

{n: cream, pick} the best people or things in a group
"the cream of England's young men were killed in the Great War"

{n: cryptogam} formerly recognized taxonomic group including all flowerless and seedless plants that reproduce by means of spores: ferns, mosses, algae, fungi

{n: cultural movement} a group of people working together to advance certain cultural goals

{n: culture} the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
"the developing drug culture"
"the reason that the agency is doomed to inaction has something to do with the FBI culture"

{n: cyanine dye} any of a class of dyes containing a -CH= group linking two heterocyclic rings containing nitrogen; used as sensitizers in photography

{n: cytomegalovirus, CMV} any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epithelial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems

{n: dance band, band, dance orchestra} a group of musicians playing popular music for dancing

{n: dean, doyen} a man who is the senior member of a group
"he is the dean of foreign correspondents"

{n: decarboxylase} any of the enzymes that hydrolize the carboxyl group

{n: decarboxylation} the process of removing a carboxyl group from a chemical compound (usually replacing it with hydrogen)

{n: demonstration, manifestation} a public display of group feelings (usually of a political nature)
"there were violent demonstrations against the war"

{n: demonstrator, protester} someone who participates in a public display of group feeling

{n: denomination} a group of religious congregations having its own organization and a distinctive faith

{n: deoxyadenosine monophosphate, A} one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)

{n: deoxycytidine monophosphate, C} one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)

{n: deoxyguanosine monophosphate, G} one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)

{n: deoxythymidine monophosphate, T} one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose)

{n: deputation, commission, delegation, delegacy, mission} a group of representatives or delegates

{n: dialect, idiom, accent} the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
"the immigrants spoke an odd dialect of English"
"he has a strong German accent"
"it has been said that a language is a dialect with an army and navy"

{n: diol, glycol, dihydric alcohol} any of a class of alcohols having 2 hydroxyl groups in each molecule

{n: diphenylbutyl piperidine} a group of antipsychotic drugs used mainly in the treatment of schizophrenia

{n: directorate, board of directors} a group of persons chosen to govern the affairs of a corporation or other large institution

{n: discrimination, favoritism, favouritism} unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice

{n: divide} a serious disagreement between two groups of people (typically producing tension or hostility)

{n: division, naval division} a group of ships of similar type

{n: division} (biology) a group of organisms forming a subdivision of a larger category

{n: doctrine, philosophy, philosophical system, school of thought, ism} a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school

{n: dominance, ascendance, ascendence, ascendancy, ascendency, control} the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
"her apparent dominance of her husband was really her attempt to make him pay attention to her"

{n: doyenne} a woman who is the senior member of a group

{n: dramatic production, dramatic performance} the act of performing a drama
"the group joined together in a dramatic production"

{n: drove} a group of animals (a herd or flock) moving together

{n: dysprosium, Dy, atomic number 66} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; forms compounds that are highly magnetic

{n: echovirus} any of a group of viruses associated with various diseases including viral meningitis and mild respiratory disorders and diarrhea in newborn infants

{n: economic strangulation} punishment of a group by cutting off commercial dealings with them
"the economic strangulation of the Jews by the Nazi Party"

{n: eidos} (anthropology) the distinctive expression of the cognitive or intellectual character of a culture or a social group

{n: electrification} the activity of thrilling or markedly exciting some person or group

{n: electron shell} a grouping of electrons surrounding the nucleus of an atom
"the chemical properties of an atom are determined by the outermost electron shell"

{n: elite, elite group} a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status

{n: elitism} the attitude that society should be governed by an elite group of individuals

{n: empire} a group of countries under a single authority
"the British empire"

{n: encounter group} a meeting of people to develop mutual understanding by freely expressing emotions

{n: endospore-forming bacteria} a group of true bacteria

{n: enemy} any hostile group of people
"he viewed lawyers as the real enemy"

{n: engagement, booking} employment for performers or performing groups that lasts for a limited period of time
"the play had bookings throughout the summer"

{n: engagement, participation, involvement, involution} the act of sharing in the activities of a group
"the teacher tried to increase his students' engagement in class activities"
<-> non-engagement, non-involvement, nonparticipation

{n: enosis} the union of Greece and Cyprus (which is the goal of a group of Greek Cypriots)

{n: ensemble} a group of musicians playing or singing together
"a string ensemble"

{n: enterovirus} any of a group of picornaviruses that infect the gastrointestinal tract and can spread to other areas (especially the nervous system)

{n: epanodos} repetition of a group of words in reverse order

{n: epicalyx, false calyx, calycle, calyculus} a group of bracts simulating a calyx as in a carnation or hibiscus

{n: epideictic oratory} a type of oratory used to eulogize or condemn a person or group of people
"Pericles' funeral oration for Athenians killed in the Peloponnesian War is a famous example of epideictic oratory"

{n: erbium, Er, atomic number 68} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs with yttrium

{n: esprit de corps, morale, team spirit} the spirit of a group that makes the members want the group to succeed

{n: ether} any of a class of organic compounds that have two hydrocarbon groups linked by an oxygen atom

{n: ethic, moral principle, value-system, value orientation} the principles of right and wrong that are accepted by an individual or a social group
"the Puritan ethic"
"a person with old-fashioned values"

{n: ethnic cleansing} the mass expulsion and killing of one ethic or religious group in an area by another ethnic or religious group in that area

{n: ethnic group, ethnos} people of the same race or nationality who share a distinctive culture

{n: ethnic joke} a joke at the expense of some ethnic group

{n: ethnic minority} a group that has different national or cultural traditions from the majority of the population

{n: ethnic} a person who is a member of an ethnic group

{n: ethyl, ethyl group, ethyl radical} the univalent hydrocarbon radical C2H5 derived from ethane by the removal of one hydrogen atom

{n: eubacteria, eubacterium, true bacteria} a large group of bacteria having rigid cell walls; motile types have flagella

{n: europium, Eu, atomic number 63} a bivalent and trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group

{n: eusporangium} a sporangium that arises from a group of epidermal cells

{n: evolution, organic evolution, phylogeny, phylogenesis} (biology) the sequence of events involved in the evolutionary development of a species or taxonomic group of organisms

{n: expedition} an organized group of people undertaking a journey for a particular purpose
"an expedition was sent to explore Mars"

{n: expressive style, style} a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period
"all the reporters were expected to adopt the style of the newspaper"

{n: fagot stitch, faggot stitch} the stitch that ties a group of parallel threads together in fagoting

{n: fagoting, faggpting} embroidery in which groups of parallel threads are tied together with fagot stitches

{n: fatigue party} a group of soldiers on fatigue duty

{n: feldspar, felspar} any of a group of hard crystalline minerals that consist of aluminum silicates of potassium or sodium or calcium or barium

{n: field of fire} the area that a weapon or group of weapons can cover effectively with gun fire from a given position

{n: fine structure} the presence of groups of closely spaced spectrum lines observed in the atomic spectrum of certain elements
"the fine structure results from slightly different energy levels"

{n: flagship} the chief one of a related group
"it is their flagship newspaper"

{n: fleet} a group of steamships operating together under the same ownership

{n: fleet} a group of warships organized as a tactical unit

{n: fleet} group of aircraft operating together under the same ownership

{n: flock, fold} a group of sheep or goats

{n: flock} a group of birds

{n: flying squad} a mobile group of trained people (police or executives or officials) able to move quickly in the case of emergencies

{n: follicle} any small spherical group of cells containing a cavity

{n: following, followers} a group of followers or enthusiasts

{n: force, personnel} group of people willing to obey orders
"a public force is necessary to give security to the rights of citizens"

{n: force} a group of people having the power of effective action
"he joined forces with a band of adventurers"

{n: forecourt} the outer or front court of a building or of a group of buildings

{n: foreigner, outsider} someone who is excluded from or is not a member of a group

{n: forewoman} a woman in charge of a group of workers

{n: form, variant, strain, var.} (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
"a new strain of microorganisms"

{n: formula, expression} a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement

{n: franchise, enfranchisement} a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote)

{n: francium, Fr, atomic number 87} a radioactive element of the alkali-metal group discovered as a disintegration product of actinium

{n: free radical, radical} an atom or group of atoms with at least one unpaired electron; in the body it is usually an oxygen molecule than has lost an electron and will stabilize itself by stealing an electron from a nearby molecule
"in the body free radicals are high-energy particles that ricochet wildly and damage cells"

{n: freedom rider} one of an interracial group of civil rights activists who rode buses through parts of the South in order to protest racial segregation

{n: fringe} a social group holding marginal or extreme views
"members of the fringe believe we should be armed with guns at all times"

{n: function, office, part, role} the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group
"the function of a teacher"
"the government must do its part"
"play its role"

{n: gadolinium, Gd, atomic number 64} a ductile silvery-white ductile ferromagnetic trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group

{n: gang, crew, work party} an organized group of workmen

{n: garnet} any of a group of hard glassy minerals (silicates of various metals) used as gemstones and as an abrasive

{n: gathering, assemblage} a group of persons together in one place

{n: gendarmerie, gendarmery} French police force; a group of gendarmes or gendarmes collectively

{n: generation} group of genetically related organisms constituting a single step in the line of descent

{n: genetic screening} analyzing a group of people to determine genetic susceptibility to a particular disease
"genetic screening of infants for phenylketonuria"

{n: genocide, race murder, racial extermination} systematic killing of a racial or cultural group

{n: genotype} a group of organisms sharing a specific genetic constitution

{n: giveaway} a gift of public land or resources for the private gain of a limited group

{n: glomerulus} a small intertwined group of capillaries in the malpighian body; it filters the blood during urine formation

{n: glycoside} a group of compounds derived from monosaccharides

{n: good old boy, good ole boy, good ol' boy} a white male Southerner with an unpretentious convivial manner and conservative or intolerant attitudes and a strong sense of fellowship with and loyalty to other members of his peer group

{n: grade, level, tier} a relative position or degree of value in a graded group
"lumber of the highest grade"

{n: group action} action taken by a group of people

{n: group insurance} insurance that is purchased by a group (such as the employees of a company) usually at a reduced rate to individual members of the group

{n: group participation} participation by all members of a group

{n: group practice} (medicine) the practice of medicine by a group of physicians who share their premises and other resources

{n: group therapy, group psychotherapy} psychotherapy in which a small group of individuals meet with a therapist; interactions among the members are considered to be therapeutic

{n: group, grouping} any number of entities (members) considered as a unit

{n: group, radical, chemical group} (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule

{n: grouper} flesh of a saltwater fish similar to sea bass

{n: grouping} the activity of putting things together in groups

{n: groupware} software that can be used by a group of people who are working on the same information but may be distributed in space

{n: guard, bodyguard} a group of men who escort and protect some important person

{n: habitat, home ground} the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs
"a marine habitat"
"he felt safe on his home grounds"

{n: hard core} the most dedicated and intensely loyal nucleus of a group or movement

{n: head count, headcount} number of people in a particular group

{n: health maintenance organization, HMO} group insurance that entitles members to services of participating hospitals and clinics and physicians

{n: hegemony} the dominance or leadership of one social group or nation over others
"the hegemony of a single member state is not incompatible with a genuine confederation"
"to say they have priority is not to say they have complete hegemony"
"the consolidation of the United States' hegemony over a new international economic system"

{n: helplessness, weakness, impuissance} powerlessness revealed by an inability to act
"in spite of their weakness the group remains highly active"

{n: hemorrhagic fever, haemorrhagic fever, viral hemorrhagic fever, viral haemorrhagic fever, VHF} a group of illnesses caused by a viral infection (usually restricted to a specific geographic area); fever and gastrointestinal symptoms are followed by capillary hemorrhage

{n: hepadnavirus} a group of animal DNA viruses including viruses of ducks and woodchucks and squirrels and others as well as the virus causing hepatitis B in humans

{n: herd} a group of cattle or sheep or other domestic mammals all of the same kind that are herded by humans

{n: herd} a group of wild mammals of one species that remain together: antelope or elephants or seals or whales or zebra

{n: heulandite} a group of minerals of the zeolite family consisting of a hydrous aluminum silicate of sodium and calcium

{n: hierarchy} a series of ordered groupings of people or things within a system
"put honesty first in her hierarchy of values"

{n: hind} any of several mostly spotted fishes that resemble groupers

{n: holmium, Ho, atomic number 67} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs together with yttrium; forms highly magnetic compounds

{n: hornblende} a green to black mineral of the amphibole group; consists of silicates of calcium and sodium and magnesium and iron

{n: house-raising} construction by a group of neighbors

{n: human papilloma virus} any of a group of papovaviruses associated with genital or oral carcinomas or a group associated with benign genital tumors

{n: hybrid petunia, Petunia hybrida} hybrids of Petunia axillaris and Petunia integrifolia: a complex group of petunias having single or double flowers in colors from white to purple

{n: hydantoin} any of a group of anticonvulsant drugs used in treating epilepsy

{n: identification} the attribution to yourself (consciously or unconsciously) of the characteristics of another person (or group of persons)

{n: in-joke} a joke that is appreciated only by members of some particular group of people

{n: infiltration} a process in which individuals (or small groups) penetrate an area (especially the military penetration of enemy positions without detection)

{n: institution} a custom that for a long time has been an important feature of some group or society
"the institution of marriage"
"the institution of slavery"
"he had become an institution in the theater"

{n: instrumental music} music intended to be performed by a musical instrument or group of instruments

{n: integration, integrating, desegregation} the action of incorporating a racial or religious group into a community
<-> segregation

{n: interest, interest group} (usually plural) a social group whose members control some field of activity and who have common aims
"the iron interests stepped up production"

{n: iridium, Ir, atomic number 77} a heavy brittle metallic element of the platinum group; used in alloys; occurs in natural alloys with platinum or osmium

{n: isolation} a state of separation between persons or groups

{n: item, point} a distinct part that can be specified separately in a group of things that could be enumerated on a list
"he noticed an item in the New York Times"
"she had several items on her shopping list"
"the main point on the agenda was taken up first"

{n: jacks, jackstones, knucklebones} a game in which jackstones are thrown and picked up in various groups between bounces of a small rubber ball

{n: jati} (Hinduism) a Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India; a special characteristic is often the exclusive occupation of its male members (such as barber or potter)

{n: jazz band, jazz group, combo} a small band of jazz musicians

{n: ketone group} a group having the characteristic properties of ketones

{n: ketone} any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals

{n: kingdom} a basic group of natural objects

{n: kingdom} the highest taxonomic group into which organisms are grouped; one of five biological categories: Monera or Protoctista or Plantae or Fungi or Animalia

{n: king} preeminence in a particular category or group or field
"the lion is the king of beasts"

{n: lactase, Lactaid} any of a group of enzymes (trade name Lactaid) that hydrolyze lactose to glucose and galactose

{n: leadership, leaders} the body of people who lead a group
"the national leadership adopted his plan"

{n: lead} a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead')
"he takes the lead in any group"
"we were just waiting for someone to take the lead"
"they didn't follow our lead"

{n: lepidolite} a mineral of the mica group; an important source of lithium

{n: lichen} any of several eruptive skin diseases characterized by hard thick lesions grouped together and resembling lichens growing on rocks

{n: ligature} (music) a group of notes connected by a slur

{n: line of thought} a particular way of thinking that is characteristic of some individual or group

{n: linkage group, linked genes} any pair of genes that tend to be transmitted together
"the genes of Drosophila fall into four linkage groups"

{n: lithium, Li, atomic number 3} a soft silver-white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals

{n: lobby, pressure group, third house} a group of people who try actively to influence legislation

{n: lumper} a taxonomist who classifies organisms into large groups on the basis of major characteristics
<-> splitter

{n: lutetium, lutecium, Lu, atomic number 71} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; usually occurs in association with yttrium

{n: machine, political machine} a group that controls the activities of a political party
"he was endorsed by the Democratic machine"

{n: macroevolution} evolution on a large scale extending over geologic era and resulting in the formation of new taxonomic groups

{n: mafia, maffia} any tightly knit group of trusted associates

{n: maintenance} means of maintenance of a family or group

{n: majority rule, democracy} the doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized group can make decisions binding on the whole group

{n: mandarin} a member of an elite intellectual or cultural group

{n: marginalization, marginalisation} the social process of becoming or being made marginal (especially as a group within the larger society)
"the marginalization of the underclass"
"the marginalization of literature"

{n: mariachi} a group of street musicians in Mexico

{n: mass hysteria, epidemic hysertia} a condition in which a large group of people exhibit the same state of violent mental agitation

{n: mathematics, math, maths} a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement

{n: membership, rank} the body of members of an organization or group
"they polled their membership"
"they found dissension in their own ranks"
"he joined the ranks of the unemployed"

{n: member} an organization that is a member of another organization (especially a state that belongs to a group of nations)
"the library was a member of the interlibrary loan association"
"Canada is a member of the United Nations"

{n: member} one of the persons who compose a social group (especially individuals who have joined and participates in a group organization)
"only members will be admitted"
"a member of the faculty"
"she was introduced to all the members of his family"
<-> nonmember

{n: merging, meeting, coming together} the act of joining together as one
"the merging of the two groups occurred quickly"
"there was no meeting of minds"

{n: meteor swarm} a group of meteoroids with similar paths

{n: metrical foot, foot, metrical unit} (prosody) a group of 2 or 3 syllables forming the basic unit of poetic rhythm

{n: migration} a group of people migrating together (especially in some given time period)

{n: migration} the periodic passage of groups of animals (especially birds or fishes) from one region to another for feeding or breeding

{n: military junta, junta} a group of military officers who rule a country after seizing power

{n: military unit, military force, military group, force} a unit that is part of some military service
"he sent Caesar a force of six thousand men"

{n: minority} a group of people who differ racially or politically from a larger group of which it is a part

{n: monoamine oxidase inhibitor, MAOI} any of a group of antidepressant drugs that inhibit the action of monoamine oxidase in the brain and so allow monoamines to accumulate

{n: monosaccharide, monosaccharose, simple sugar} a sugar (like sucrose or fructose) that does not hydrolyse to give other sugars; the simplest group of carbohydrates

{n: mores} (sociology) the conventions that embody the fundamental values of a group

{n: mortgage-backed security} a security created when a group of mortgages are gathered together and bonds are sold to other institutions or the public; investors receive a portion of the interest payments on the mortgages as well as the principal payments; usually guaranteed by the government

{n: motto, slogan, catchword, shibboleth} a favorite saying of a sect or political group

{n: movement, social movement, front} a group of people with a common ideology who try together to achieve certain general goals
"he was a charter member of the movement"
"politicians have to respect a mass movement"
"he led the national liberation front"

{n: mucopolysaccharide} complex polysaccharides containing an amino group; occur chiefly as components of connective tissue

{n: mucopolysaccharidosis} any of a group of genetic disorders involving a defect in the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides resulting in greater than normal levels of mucopolysaccharides in tissues

{n: musical organization, musical organisation, musical group} an organization of musicians who perform together

{n: myalgia, myodynia} pain in a muscle or group of muscles

{n: mycoplasma} any of a group of small parasitic bacteria that lack a cell walls and can survive without oxygen; can cause pneumonia and urinary tract infection

{n: myoclonus epilepsy, Lafora's disease} epilepsy characterized by clonus of muscle groups and progressive mental deterioration and genetic origin

{n: myoclonus} a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group

{n: myxovirus} any of a group of RNA viruses including those that cause influenza and mumps

{n: natrolite} a group of minerals of the zeolite family consisting of a hydrous silicate of sodium and aluminum

{n: negative identification} evidence proving that you are not who you say you are not; evidence establishing that you are not among a group of people already known to the system; recognition by the system leads to rejection
"a system for negative identification can prevent the use of multiple identities by a single person"

{n: neodymium, Nd, atomic number 60} a yellow trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs in monazite and bastnasite in association with cerium and lanthanum and praseodymium

{n: network army} a group of like-minded people united by the internet; a new kind of social or political of business group that may exert broad influence on a shared concern
"a network army of software programmers contribute free software to those who want it"

{n: network} (broadcasting) a communication system consisting of a group of broadcasting stations that all transmit the same programs
"the networks compete to broadcast important sports events"

{n: newsletter, newssheet} report or open letter giving informal or confidential news of interest to a special group

{n: nitrate} any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid)

{n: noble gas, inert gas, argonon} any of the chemically inert gaseous elements of the helium group in the periodic table

{n: non-engagement, nonparticipation, non-involvement} withdrawing from the activities of a group
<-> engagement, involvement, participation

{n: occupational group, vocation} a body of people doing the same kind of work

{n: octave} a rhythmic group of eight lines of verse

{n: one of the boys} a man who has been socially accepted into a group of other men


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