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{adj: acerb, acerbic, acid, acrid, bitter, blistering, caustic, sulfurous, sulphurous, venomous, virulent, vitriolic} harsh or corrosive in tone
"an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prose"
"a barrage of acid comments"
"her acrid remarks make her many enemies"
"bitter words"
"blistering criticism"
"caustic jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics"
"a sulfurous denunciation"
"a vitriolic critique"

{adj: affecting, poignant, touching} arousing affect
"the homecoming of the released hostages was an affecting scene"
"poignant grief cannot endure forever"
"his gratitude was simple and touching"

{adj: alienating} causing hostility or loss of friendliness
"her sudden alienating aloofness"

{adj: antisocial, asocial} hostile to or disruptive of normal standards of social behavior
"criminal behavior or conduct that violates the rights of other individuals is antisocial"
"crimes...and other asocial behavior"
"an antisocial deed"

{adj: apathetic, indifferent} marked by a lack of interest
"an apathetic audience"
"the universe is neither hostile nor friendly; it is simply indifferent"

{adj: apparent, evident, manifest, patent, plain, unmistakable} clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment
"the effects of the drought are apparent to anyone who sees the parched fields"
"evident hostility"
"manifest disapproval"
"patent advantages"
"made his meaning plain"
"it is plain that he is no reactionary"
"in plain view"

{adj: apparitional, ghostlike, ghostly, phantasmal, spectral, spiritual} resembling or characteristic of a phantom
"a ghostly face at the window"
"a phantasmal presence in the room"
"spectral emanations"
"spiritual tappings at a seance"

{adj: autoecious, homoecious} of parasites especially rust fungi; completing the entire life cycle on a single host
"autoecious rust fungi"
<-> heteroecious

{adj: aware, cognizant, cognisant} (sometimes followed by `of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception
"was aware of his opponent's hostility"
"became aware of her surroundings"
"aware that he had exceeded the speed limit"
<-> unaware

{adj: big, bighearted, bounteous, bountiful, freehanded, handsome, giving, liberal, openhanded} given or giving freely
"was a big tipper"
"the bounteous goodness of God"
"bountiful compliments"
"a freehanded host"
"a handsome allowance"
"Saturday's child is loving and giving"
"a liberal backer of the arts"
"a munificent gift"
"her fond and openhanded grandfather"

{adj: black, dark, sinister} stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable
"black deeds"
"a black lie"
"his black heart has concocted yet another black deed"
"Darth Vader of the dark side"
"a dark purpose"
"dark undercurrents of ethnic hostility"
"the scheme of some sinister intelligence bent on punishing him"-Thomas Hardy

{adj: desperate} (of persons) dangerously reckless or violent as from urgency or despair
"a desperate criminal"
"taken hostage of desperate men"

{adj: disarming} capable of allaying hostility

{adj: disarming} capable of allaying suspicion or hostility and inspiring confidence
"a disarming smile"

{adj: friendly} characteristic of or befitting a friend
"friendly advice"
"a friendly neighborhood"
"the only friendly person here"
"a friendly host and hostess"
<-> unfriendly

{adj: friendly} of or belonging to your own country's forces or those of an ally
"in friendly territory"
"he was accidentally killed by friendly fire"
<-> hostile

{adj: heteroecious} of parasites; passing through different stages of the life cycle on different host species
"heteroecious fungi"
"heteroecious insects"
<-> autoecious

{adj: hostile} not belonging to your own country's forces or those of an ally
"hostile naval and air forces"
<-> friendly

{adj: hostile} unsolicited and resisted by the management of the target company ( used of attempts to buy or take control of a business)
"hostile takeover"
"hostile tender offer"
"hostile bid"

{adj: immaterial, nonmaterial} not consisting of matter
"immaterial apparitions"
"ghosts and other immaterial entities"
<-> material

{adj: mindless, reasonless, senseless} not marked by the use of reason
"mindless violence"
"reasonless hostility"
"a senseless act"

{adj: peacekeeping} of or relating to the preservation of peace between hostile groups by international military forces
"a peacekeeping force"

{adj: politic, smooth, suave, bland} smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication
"he was too politic to quarrel with so important a personage"
"the hostess averted a confrontation between two guests with a diplomatic change of subject"
"the manager pacified the customer with a smooth apology for the error"
"affable, suave, moderate men...smugly convinced of their respectability" - Ezra Pound

{adj: severe, spartan} unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment
"a parent severe to the pitch of hostility"- H.G.Wells
"a hefty six-footer with a rather severe mien"
"a strict disciplinarian"
"a Spartan upbringing"

{adj: supposed} mistakenly believed
"the supposed existence of ghosts"

{n: American mistletoe, Phoradendron serotinum, Phoradendron flavescens} the traditional mistletoe of Christmas in America: grows on deciduous trees and can severely weaken the host plant

{n: Bunyaviridae} a large family of arboviruses that affect a wide range of hosts (mainly vertebrates and arthropods)

{n: Cnidosporidia, subclass Cnidosporidia} single-host parasites of lower vertebrates and invertebrates

{n: Cold War} a state of political hostility that existed from 1945 until 1990 between countries led by the Soviet Union and countries led by the United States

{n: Entebbe} a town in southern Uganda on Lake Victoria; site of an international airport (where in 1976 Israeli commandos rescued hostages held aboard a plane by Palestinian hijackers)

{n: Fentanyl, Sublimaze} trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug

{n: Fomor, Fomorian} one of a group of Celtic sea demons sometimes associated with the hostile power of nature

{n: Helminthostachys, genus Helminthostachys} one species: terrestrial fern of southeastern Asia and Australia

{n: Hostaceae, family Hostaceae, Funkaceae, family Funkaceae} one of many families or subfamilies into which some classification systems subdivide the Liliaceae but not widely accepted; includes genus Hosta

{n: Host} a technical name for the bread used in the service of Mass or Holy Communion

{n: Lhasa, Lassa, capital of Tibet, Forbidden City} the sacred city of Lamaism; known as the Forbidden City for its former inaccessibility and hostility to strangers

{n: Loranthaceae, family Loranthaceae, mistletoe family} in some classification includes Viscaceae: parasitic or hemiparasitic shrublets or shrubs or small trees of tropical and temperate regions; attach to hosts by haustoria

{n: Peziza domicilina} a discomycetous fungus of the genus Peziza; the fragile fruiting body is a ghostly white but stains yellow when broken; favors strongly alkaline habitats

{n: Sabaoth} (plural) hosts or armies; used in the book of Romans in the New Testament
"Lord of Sabaoth"

{n: Trichostema, genus Trichostema} genus of North American aromatic herbs or subshrubs: blue curls

{n: Trichostigma, genus Trichostigma} a genus of erect or climbing shrubs found in tropical South America

{n: Trinity, Holy Trinity, Blessed Trinity, Sacred Trinity} the union of the Father and Son and Holy Ghost in one Godhead

{n: acervulus} small asexual fruiting body resembling a cushion or blister consisting of a mat of hyphae that is produced on a host by some fungi

{n: aggression, aggressiveness} a feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack

{n: aggression} the act of initiating hostilities

{n: animosity, animus, bad blood} a feeling of ill will arousing active hostility

{n: antagonism} an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility

{n: apology} an expression of regret at having caused trouble for someone
"he wrote a letter of apology to the hostess"

{n: apparition} the appearance of a ghostlike figure
"I was recalled to the present by the apparition of a frightening specter"

{n: arbovirus, arborvirus} a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis

{n: association} a relation resulting from interaction or dependence
"flints were found in association with the prehistoric remains of the bear"
"the host is not always injured by association with a parasite"

{n: bastard pennyroyal, Trichostema dichotomum} aromatic plant of the eastern United States

{n: battle, conflict, fight, engagement} a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war
"Grant won a decisive victory in the battle of Chickamauga"
"he lost his romantic ideas about war when he got into a real engagement"

{n: blister rust, Cronartium ribicola} fungus causing white pine blister rust and having a complex life cycle requiring a plant of genus Ribes as alternate host

{n: blue curls} any of several plants of the genus Trichostema having whorls of small blue flowers

{n: church} the body of people who attend or belong to a particular local church
"our church is hosting a picnic next week"

{n: cold war} a state of political hostility between countries using means short of armed warfare
<-> hot war

{n: confrontation, opposition} the act of hostile groups opposing each other
"the government was not ready for a confrontation with the unions"
"the invaders encountered stiff opposition"

{n: containment} a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate peacefully
"containment of communist expansion was a central principle of United States' foreign policy from 1947 to the 1975"

{n: cross-examination} (law) close questioning of a hostile witness in a court of law to discredit or throw a new light on the testimony already provided in direct examination

{n: cyclops, water flea} minute free-swimming freshwater copepod having a large median eye and pear-shaped body and long antennae used in swimming; important in some food chains and as intermediate hosts of parasitic worms that affect man e.g. Guinea worms

{n: definitive host} the host in which the sexual reproduction of a parasite takes place

{n: divide} a serious disagreement between two groups of people (typically producing tension or hostility)

{n: doppelganger} a ghostly double of a living person that haunts its living counterpart

{n: eeriness, ghostliness} strangeness by virtue of being mysterious and inspiring fear

{n: electronic warfare, EW} military action involving the use of electromagnetic energy to determine or exploit or reduce or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum

{n: emanation, rise, procession} (theology) the origination of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost
"the emanation of the Holy Spirit"
"the rising of the Holy Ghost"
"the doctrine of the procession of the Holy Spirit from the Father and the Son"

{n: enemy} any hostile group of people
"he viewed lawyers as the real enemy"

{n: escalation} an increase to counteract a perceived discrepancy
"higher wages caused an escalation of prices"
"there was a gradual escalation of hostilities"

{n: existentialist, existentialist philosopher} a philosopher who emphasizes freedom of choice and personal responsibility but who regards human existence in a hostile universe as unexplainable

{n: flowering fern, Helminthostachys zeylanica} Australasian fern with clusters of sporangia on stems of fertile fronds

{n: form} a particular mode in which something is manifested
"his resentment took the form of extreme hostility"

{n: ghost dance} a religious dance of native Americans looking for communication with the dead

{n: ghost word} a word form that has entered the language through the perpetuation of an error

{n: ghost, shade, spook, wraith, specter, spectre} a mental representation of some haunting experience
"he looked like he had seen a ghost"
"it aroused specters from his past"

{n: ghostwriter, ghost} a writer who gives the credit of authorship to someone else

{n: ghost} the visible disembodied soul of a dead person

{n: hookworm} parasitic bloodsucking roundworms having hooked mouth parts to fasten to the intestinal wall of human and other hosts

{n: host, innkeeper, boniface} the owner or manager of an inn

{n: hostile takeover} a takeover that is resisted by the management of the target company

{n: hostile} troops belonging to the enemy's military forces
"the platoon ran into a pack of hostiles"
<-> friendly

{n: hostilities, belligerency} fighting; acts of overt warfare
"the outbreak of hostilities"

{n: hostility, enmity, antagonism} a state of deep-seated ill-will

{n: hostility, enmity, ill will} the feeling of a hostile person
"he could no longer contain his hostility"

{n: host} (medicine) recipient of transplanted tissue or organ from a donor

{n: hotelier, hotelkeeper, hotel manager, hotelman, hosteller} an owner or manager of hotels

{n: intermediate host} a host that is used by a parasite in the course of its life cycle

{n: latent hostility, tension} feelings of hostility that are not manifest
"he could sense her latent hostility to him"
"the diplomats' first concern was to reduce international tensions"

{n: leech, parasite, sponge, sponger} a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage

{n: luminary, leading light, guiding light, notable, notability} a celebrity who is an inspiration to others
"he was host to a large gathering of luminaries"

{n: lysogeny, lysogenicity} the condition of a host bacterium that has incorporated a phage into its own genetic material
"when a phage infects a bacterium it can either destroy its host or be incorporated in the host genome in a state of lysogeny"

{n: master of ceremonies, emcee, host} a person who acts as host at formal occasions (makes an introductory speech and introduces other speakers)

{n: microsporidian} parasite of arthropods and fishes that invade and destroy host cells

{n: monstrance} (Roman Catholic Church) a vessel (usually of gold or silver) in which the consecrated Host is exposed for adoration

{n: nonaggression} a policy of not initiating hostilities
"they signed a nonaggression pact"

{n: outbreak, eruption, irruption} a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition)
"the outbreak of hostilities"

{n: peacekeeping, peacekeeping mission, peacekeeping operation} the activity of keeping the peace by military forces (especially when international military forces enforce a truce between hostile groups or nations)

{n: poltergeist} a ghost that announces its presence with rapping and the creation of disorder

{n: potlatch} a ceremonial feast held by some Indians of the northwestern coast of North America (as in celebrating a marriage or a new accession) in which the host gives gifts to tribesmen and others to display his superior wealth (sometimes, formerly, to his own impoverishment)

{n: powdery mildew} any of various fungi of the genus Erysiphe producing powdery conidia on the host surface

{n: prey, quarry, target, fair game} a person who is the aim of an attack (especially a victim of ridicule or exploitation) by some hostile person or influence
"he fell prey to muggers"
"everyone was fair game"
"the target of a manhunt"

{n: question master, quizmaster} the host or chairman of a radio or tv quiz show or panel game

{n: reception line} a line of people (hosts and guests of honor) who welcome the guests at a reception party

{n: reincarnation} the Hindu or Buddhist doctrine that person may be reborn successively into one of five classes of living beings (god or human or animal or hungry ghost or denizen of hell) depending on the person's own actions

{n: rickettsia} any of a group of very small rod-shaped bacteria that live in biting arthropods (as ticks and mites) and cause disease in vertebrate hosts; they cause typhus and other febrile diseases in human beings

{n: sawfly} insect whose female has a saw-like ovipositor for inserting eggs into the leaf or stem tissue of a host plant

{n: security intelligence} intelligence on the identity and capability and intentions of hostile individuals or organizations that may be engaged in espionage or sabotage or subversion or terrorism

{n: snow gum, ghost gum, white ash, Eucalyptus coriacea, Eucalyptus pauciflora} small to medium-sized tree of Australia and Tasmania having smooth white to light-grey bark shedding in patches or strips

{n: snow-on-the-mountain, snow-in-summer, ghost weed, Euphorbia marginata} annual spurge of western United States having showy white-bracted flower clusters and very poisonous milk

{n: specificity} the quality of being specific to a particular organism
"host specificity of a parasite"

{n: stableman, stableboy, groom, hostler, ostler} someone employed in a stable to take care of the horses

{n: stiffness} firm resoluteness in purpose or opinion or action
"a charming host without any touch of stiffness or pomposity"

{n: tactical warning} (military) a warning after the initiation of a hostile act

{n: thaw} a relaxation or slackening of tensions or reserve; becoming less hostile
"the thaw between the United States and Russia has led to increased cooperation in world affairs"

{n: touch, trace, ghost} a suggestion of some quality
"there was a touch of sarcasm in his tone"
"he detected a ghost of a smile on her face"

{n: trip wire} a small military force that serves as a first line of defense; if they become engaged in hostilities it will trigger the intervention of stronger military forces

{n: turpentine camphor weed, camphorweed, vinegarweed, Trichostema lanceolatum} aromatic plant of western United States

{n: virino} (microbiology) a hypothetical infectious particle thought to be the cause of scrapie and other degenerative diseases of the central nervous system; consists of nucleic acid in a protective coat of host cell proteins

{n: virus} (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein

{n: web site, website, internet site, site} a computer connected to the internet that maintains a series of web pages on the World Wide Web
"the Israeli web site was damaged by hostile hackers"

{n: wood rabbit, cottontail, cottontail rabbit} common small rabbit of North America having greyish or brownish fur and a tail with a white underside; a host for Ixodes pacificus and Ixodes scapularis (Lyme disease ticks)

{n: wood rat, wood-rat} any of various small short-tailed rodents of the northern hemisphere having soft fur grey above and white below with furred tails and large ears; some are hosts for Ixodes pacificus and Ixodes scapularis (Lyme disease ticks)

{n: yellow-leaf sickle pine, Falcatifolium taxoides} a rain forest tree or shrub of New Caledonia having a conic crown and pale green sickle-shaped leaves; host species for the rare parasite yew

{v: antagonize, antagonise} provoke the hostility of
"Don't antagonize your boss"

{v: ask} require or ask for as a price or condition
"He is asking $200 for the table"
"The kidnapers are asking a million dollars in return for the release of their hostage"

{v: blindfold} cover the eyes of (someon)e to prevent him from seeing
"the hostage was blindfolded and driven away"

{v: deplore, lament, bewail, bemoan} regret strongly
"I deplore this hostile action"
"we lamented the loss of benefits"

{v: freeze, block, immobilize, immobilise} prohibit the conversion or use of (assets)
"Blocked funds"
"Freeze the assets of this hostile government"
<-> unblock, unfreeze

{v: haunt, obsess, ghost} haunt like a ghost ; pursue
"Fear of illness haunts her"

{v: haunt, stalk} follow stealthily or recur constantly and spontaneously to
"her ex-boyfriend stalked her"
"the ghost of her mother haunted her"

{v: infest} live on or in a host, as of parasites

{v: invade, overrun, infest} occupy in large numbers or live on a host
"the Kudzu plant infests much of the South and is spreading to the North"

{v: make} be or be capable of being changed or made into
"He makes a great host"
"He will make a fine father"

{v: recommence} cause to start anew
"The Taliban recommenced hostilities after a few days of quiet"

{v: sense} become aware of not through the senses but instinctively
"I sense his hostility"

{v: spew, spew out, eruct} eject or send out in large quantities, also metaphorical
"the volcano spews out molten rocks every day"
"The editors of the paper spew out hostile articles about the Presidential candidate"

{v: volunteer, offer} agree freely
"She volunteered to drive the old lady home"
"I offered to help with the dishes but the hostess would not hear of it"

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