WordNet Search |

{adj: a few, a couple of} more than one but indefinitely small in number

"a few roses"

"a couple of roses"

{adj: acatalectic} (verse) metrically complete; especially having the full number of syllables in the final metrical foot

<-> catalectic, hypercatalectic

{adj: accentual} (of verse) having a metric system based on stress rather than syllables or quantity

"accentual poetry is based on the number of stresses in a line"

"accentual rhythm"

<-> quantitative, syllabic

{adj: accident-prone} having more than the average number of accidents

{adj: all} quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class

"we sat up all night"

"ate all the food"

"all men are mortal"

"all parties are welcome"

<-> some, no

{adj: aneuploid} having a chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number

{adj: ascertained, discovered, observed} discovered or determined by scientific observation

"variation in the ascertained flux depends on a number of factors"

"the discovered behavior norms"

"discovered differences in achievement"

"no explanation for the observed phenomena"

{adj: augmented} added to or made greater in amount or number or strength

"his augmented renown"

"a greatly augmented collection of books"

{adj: billionth} the ordinal number of one billion in counting order

{adj: binary} consisting of two (units or components or elements or terms) or based on two

"a binary star is a system in which two stars revolve around each other"

"a binary compound"

"the binary number system has two as its base"

{adj: binary} of or pertaining to a number system have 2 as its base

"a binary digit"

{adj: boundless, unbounded, limitless} seemingly boundless in amount, number, degree, or especially extent

"unbounded enthusiasm"

"children with boundless energy"

"a limitless supply of money"

{adj: considerable} large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree

"a considerable quantity"

"the economy was a considerable issue in the campaign"

"went to considerable trouble for us"

"spent a considerable amount of time on the problem"

<-> inconsiderable

{adj: cool} (used of a number or sum) without exaggeration or qualification

"a cool million bucks"

{adj: copious, voluminous} large in number or quantity (especially of discourse)

"she took copious notes"

"a subject of voluminous legislation"

{adj: corresponding} similar especially in position or purpose

"a number of corresponding diagonal points"

{adj: countless, infinite, innumerable, innumerous, multitudinous, myriad, numberless, uncounted, unnumberable, unnumbered, unnumerable} too numerous to be counted

"incalculable riches"

"countless hours"

"an infinite number of reasons"

"innumerable difficulties"

"the multitudinous seas"

"myriad stars"

"untold thousands"

{adj: diploid} of a cell or organism having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number

"diploid somatic cells"

<-> polyploid, haploid

{adj: divisible} capable of being or liable to be divided or separated

"even numbers are divisible by two"

"the Americans fought a bloody war to prove that their nation is not divisible"

<-> indivisible

{adj: double} used of flowers having more than the usual number of petals in crowded or overlapping arrangements

"double chrysanthemums have many rows of petals and are usually spherical or hemispherical"

<-> single

{adj: eightieth, 80th} the ordinal number of eighty in counting order

{adj: eighty-fifth, 85th} the ordinal number of eighty-five in counting order

{adj: endemic} native to or confined to a certain region

"the islands have a number of interesting endemic species"

<-> cosmopolitan

{adj: enzootic} of a disease that is constantly present in an animal community but only occurs in a small number of cases

{adj: epimorphic} characterized by incomplete metamorphosis; having the same number of body segments in successive stages

{adj: ex-directory, not listed} (of telephone numbers) not in the telephone directory

"an ex-directory number" (British usage)

{adj: faced} having a face or facing especially of a specified kind or number; often used in combination

"a neatly faced terrace"

<-> faceless

{adj: fewer} (comparative of `few' used with count nouns) quantifier meaning a smaller number of

"fewer birds came this year"

"the birds are fewer this year"

"fewer trains were late"

<-> more

{adj: fewest} (superlative of `few' used with count nouns and usually preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the smallest in number

"the fewest birds in recent memory"

<-> most

{adj: fiftieth, 50th} the ordinal number of fifty in counting order

{adj: fifty-fifth, 55th} the ordinal number of fifty-five in counting order

{adj: finite} of verbs; relating to forms of the verb that are limited in time by a tense and (usually) show agreement with number and person

<-> infinite

{adj: five-hundredth, 500th} the ordinal number of five hundred in counting order

{adj: fixed} (of a number) having a fixed and unchanging value

{adj: foliate} (often used as a combining form) having or resembling a leaf or having a specified kind or number of leaves

"`foliate' is combined with the prefix `tri' to form the word `trifoliate'"

{adj: foliolate} (often used as a combining form) having leaflets (compound leaves) or a specified kind or number of leaflets

"`foliolate' is combined with the prefix `bi' to form the word `bifoliolate'"

{adj: fortieth, 40th} the ordinal number of forty in counting order

{adj: forty-eighth, 48th} the ordinal number of forty-eight in counting order

{adj: forty-fifth, 45th} the ordinal number of forty-five in counting order

{adj: forty-first, 41st} the ordinal number of forty-one in counting order

{adj: forty-fourth, 44th} the ordinal number of forty-four in counting order

{adj: forty-ninth, 49th} the ordinal number of forty-nine in counting order

{adj: forty-second, 42nd} the ordinal number of forty-two in counting order

{adj: forty-seventh, 47th} the ordinal number of forty-seven in counting order

{adj: forty-sixth, 46th} the ordinal number of forty-six in counting order

{adj: forty-third, 43rd} the ordinal number of forty-three in counting order

{adj: four-hundredth, 400th} the ordinal number of four hundred in counting order

{adj: great} relatively large in size or number or extent; larger than others of its kind

"a great juicy steak"

"a great multitude"

"the great auk"

"a great old oak"

"a great ocean liner"

"a great delay"

{adj: hexadecimal, hex} of or pertaining to a number system having 16 as its base

{adj: high-octane} used of gasoline; having a high octane number

{adj: huge, immense, vast, Brobdingnagian} unusually great in size or amount or degree or especially extent or scope

"huge government spending"

"huge country estates"

"huge popular demand for higher education"

"a huge wave"

"the Los Angeles aqueduct winds like an immense snake along the base of the mountains"

"immense numbers of birds"

"at vast (or immense) expense"

"the vast reaches of outer space"

"the vast accumulation of knowledge...which we call civilization"- W.R.Inge

{adj: hundred-and-eightieth, 180th} the ordinal number of one hundred eighty in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-fifteenth, 115th} the ordinal number of one hundred fifteen in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-fifth, 105th} the ordinal number of one hundred five in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-fiftieth, 150th} the ordinal number of one hundred fifty in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-fifty-fifth, 155th} the ordinal number of one hundred fifty-five in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-first, 101st} the ordinal number of one hundred one in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-fortieth, 140th} the ordinal number of one hundred forty in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-forty-fifth, 145th} the ordinal number of one hundred forty-five in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-ninetieth, 190th} the ordinal number of one hundred eighty-five in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-seventieth, 170th} the ordinal number of one hundred seventy in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-seventy-fifth, 175th} the ordinal number of one hundred seventy-five in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-sixtieth, 160th} the ordinal number of one hundred sixty in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-sixty-fifth, 165th} the ordinal number of one hundred sixty-five in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-tenth, 110th} the ordinal number of one hundred ten in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-thirtieth, 130th} the ordinal number of one hundred thirty in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-thirty-fifth, 135th} the ordinal number of one hundred thirty-five in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-twentieth, 120th} the ordinal number of one hundred twenty in counting order

{adj: hundred-and-twenty-fifth, 125th} the ordinal number of one hundred twenty-five in counting order

{adj: hundredth, centesimal, 100th} the ordinal number of one hundred in counting order

{adj: indeterminate, undetermined} not precisely determined or established; not fixed or known in advance

"of indeterminate age"

"a zillion is a large indeterminate number"

"an indeterminate point of law"

"the influence of environment is indeterminate"

"an indeterminate future"

<-> determinate

{adj: indeterminate} not capable of being determined

"the indeterminate number of plant species in the jungle"

{adj: infinite, non-finite} of verbs; having neither person nor number nor mood (as a participle or gerund or infinitive)

"infinite verb form"

<-> finite

{adj: involved} connected by participation or association or use

"we accomplished nothing, simply because of the large number of people involved"

"the problems involved"

"the involved muscles"

"I don't want to get involved"

"everyone involved in the bribery case has been identified"

<-> uninvolved

{adj: irrational} real but not expressible as the quotient of two integers

"irrational numbers"

<-> rational

{adj: large, big} above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent

"a large city"

"set out for the big city"

"a large sum"

"a big (or large) barn"

"a large family"

"big businesses"

"a big expenditure"

"a large number of newspapers"

"a big group of scientists"

"large areas of the world"

<-> little, small

{adj: legged} having legs of a specified kind or number

"four-legged animals"

"a peg-legged man"

<-> legless

{adj: major} greater in number or size or amount

"a major portion (a majority) of the population"

"Ursa Major"

"a major portion of the winnings"

<-> minor

{adj: many a, many an, many another} each of a large indefinite number

"many a man"

"many another day will come"

{adj: median, average} relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values)

"the median value of 17, 20, and 36 is 20"

"the median income for the year was $15,000"

{adj: millionth} the ordinal number of one million in counting order

{adj: minor} inferior in number or size or amount

"a minor share of the profits"

"Ursa Minor"

<-> major

{adj: more} (comparative of `many' used with count nouns) quantifier meaning greater in number

"a hall with more seats"

"we have no more bananas"

"more than one"

<-> fewer

{adj: most} (superlative of `many' used with count nouns and often preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the greatest in number

"who has the most apples?"

"most people like eggs"

"most fishes have fins"

<-> fewest

{adj: multiplicative} tending or having the power to multiply or increase in number or quantity or degree

"the multiplicative tendency of proportional representation"

{adj: nestled, snuggled} drawn or pressed close to someone or something for or as if for affection or protection

"saw a number of small houses nestled against the hillside"

"like a baby snuggled in its mother's arms"

{adj: ninetieth, 90th} the ordinal number of ninety in counting order

{adj: ninety-fifth, 95th} the ordinal number of ninety-five in counting order

{adj: nonverbal} concerned with numbers rather than words

"the numerical part of the test"

"the nonverbal factor"

{adj: numeral, numerical, numeric} of or relating to or denoting numbers

"a numeral adjective"

"numerical analysis"

{adj: numeric, numerical} measured or expressed in numbers

"numerical value"

"the numerical superiority of the enemy"

{adj: octal} of or pertaining to a number system having 8 as its base

"an octal digit"

{adj: ordinal} being or denoting a numerical order in a series

"ordinal numbers"

"held an ordinal rank of seventh"

<-> cardinal

{adj: perforated} having a number or series of holes

"a perforated steel plate"

"perforated cancellation"

"perforated stamp"

{adj: polydactyl, polydactylous} of or relating to a person (or other vertebrate) having more than the normal number of digits

{adj: polyploid} of a cell or organism having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes

"a polyploid cell"

"a polyploid species"

<-> haploid, diploid

{adj: prime} of or relating to or being an integer that cannot be factored into other integers

"prime number"

{adj: quadrillionth} the ordinal number of one quadrillion in counting order

{adj: quintillionth} the ordinal number of one quintillion in counting order

{adj: rational} capable of being expressed as a quotient of integers

"rational numbers"

<-> irrational

{adj: semiprivate} confined to a small number of hospital patients

"semiprivate room"

{adj: seventieth, 70th} the ordinal number of seventy in counting order

{adj: seventy-fifth, 75th} the ordinal number of seventy-five in counting order

{adj: several} (used with count nouns) of an indefinite number more than 2 or 3 but not many

"several letters came in the mail"

"several people were injured in the accident"

{adj: short-handed, short-staffed, undermanned, understaffed} inadequate in number of workers or assistants etc.

"they're rather short-handed at the moment"

"overcrowded and understaffed hospitals"

{adj: sixtieth, 60th} the ordinal number of sixty in counting order

{adj: sixty-fifth, 65th} the ordinal number of sixty-five in counting order

{adj: sixty-fourth, 64th} the ordinal number of sixty-four in counting order

{adj: syllabic} (of verse) having lines based on number of syllables rather than on rhythmical arrangement of stresses or quantities

<-> accentual, quantitative

{adj: thirty-eighth, 38th} the ordinal number of thirty-eight in counting order

{adj: thirty-fifth, 35th} the ordinal number of thirty-five in counting order

{adj: thirty-fourth, 34th} the ordinal number of thirty-four in counting order

{adj: thirty-ninth, 39th} the ordinal number of thirty-nine in counting order

{adj: thirty-second, 32nd} the ordinal number of thirty-two in counting order

{adj: thirty-seventh, 37th} the ordinal number of thirty-seven in counting order

{adj: thirty-sixth, 36th} the ordinal number of thirty-six in counting order

{adj: thirty-third, 33rd} the ordinal number of thirty-three in counting order

{adj: thousandth, 1000th} the ordinal number of one thousand in counting order

{adj: three-figure} (of numbers) written with three figures

"100 through 999 are three-figure numbers"

{adj: three-hundredth, 300th} the ordinal number of three hundred in counting order

{adj: toothed} having teeth especially of a certain number or type; often used in combination

"saw-toothed"

<-> toothless

{adj: transactinide} of or belonging to the elements with atomic numbers greater than 103

{adj: trillionth} the ordinal number of one trillion in counting order

{adj: triskaidekaphobic} suffering from triskaidekaphobia (abnormal fear of the number 13)

{adj: two-hundredth, 200th} the ordinal number of two hundred in counting order

{adj: umbrella} covering or applying simultaneously to a number of similar items or elements or groups

"an umbrella organization"

"umbrella insurance coverage"

{adj: uncritical, noncritical} marked by disregard for critical standards or procedures

"news sources reflected uncritical estimates of the number of juvenile addicts"

<-> critical

{adj: volumed} (often used in combination) consisting of or having a given number or kind of volumes

"the poet's volumed works"

"a two-volumed history"

"multi-volumed encyclopedias"

"large-volumed editions"

{adj: working} adequate for practical use; especially sufficient in strength or numbers to accomplish something

"the party has a working majority in the House"

"a working knowledge of Spanish"

{adv: conservatively, cautiously, guardedly} in a conservative manner

"we estimated the number of demonstrators conservatively at 200,000."

{adv: day in day out, day after day} for an indefinite number of successive days

{adv: et al., et al, et alii, et aliae, et alia} and others (used as an abbreviation of `et alii' (masculine plural) or `et aliae' (feminine plural) or `et alia' (neutral plural) when referring to a number of people)

"the data reported by Smith et al."

{adv: full-time} for the standard number of hours

"she works full-time"

<-> half-time

{adv: half-time, part-time} for less than the standard number of hours

"he works part-time"

<-> full-time

{adv: week after week} for an indefinite number of successive weeks

{n: ASCII character} any member of the standard code for representing characters by binary numbers

{n: Artiodactyla, order Artiodactyla} an order of hooved mammals of the subclass Eutheria (including pigs and peccaries and hippopotami and members of the suborder Ruminantia) having an even number of functional toes

{n: Aspleniaceae, family Aspleniaceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems; includes genera Asplenium, Pleurosorus, Schaffneria

{n: Avogadro's law, Avogadro's hypothesis} the principle that equal volumes of all gases (given the same temperature and pressure) contain equal numbers of molecules

{n: Avogadro's number, Avogadro number} the number of molecules in a mole of a substance (approximately 602,250,000,000,000,000,000,000)

{n: Bantu} a member of any of a large number of linguistically related peoples of Central and South Africa

{n: Benford's law} a law used by auditors to identify fictitious populations of numbers; applies to any population of numbers derived from other numbers

"Benford's law holds that 30% of the time the first non-zero digit of a derived number will be 1 and it will be 9 only 4.6% of the time"

{n: Bernoulli's law, law of large numbers} (statistics) law stating that a large number of items taken at random from a population will (on the average) have the population statistics

{n: Blechnaceae, family Blechnaceae} one of a number of families into which the family Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems; includes genera Blechnum, Doodia, Sadleria, Stenochlaena, and Woodwardia

{n: Brinell number} measure of the hardness of a material

{n: California Personality Inventory, CPI} a self-report personality inventory originally derived from the MMPI; consists of several hundred yes-no questions and yields scores on a number of scales including dominance and self acceptance and self control and socialization and achievement etc.

{n: Caucasian, Caucasian language} a number of languages spoken in the Caucasus that have no known affiliations to languages spoken elsewhere

{n: Cryptogrammataceae, family Cryptogrammataceae} one of a number of families into which the family Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems

{n: Cycliophora, phylum Cycliophora} tiny marine organisms each the size of a period found in great numbers on lobsters' lips; identified tentatively in 1995 as a new phylum or as possible link between Entoprocta and Ectoprocta

{n: Davalliaceae, family Davalliaceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems

{n: Dennstaedtiaceae, family Dennstaedtiaceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems

{n: Dewey decimal classification, Dewey decimal system, decimal system of classification} a system used by libraries to classify nonfictional publications into subject categories; the subject is indicated by a three-digit numeral and further specification is given by numerals following a decimal point; publications are shelved by number

{n: Dryopteridaceae, family Dryopteridaceae, Athyriaceae, family Athyriaceae} alternative names for one of a number of families into which the family Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems

{n: Fibonacci sequence} a sequence of numbers in which each number equals the sum of the two preceding numbers

{n: Fresnel lens} lens composed of a number of small lenses arranged to make a lightweight lens of large diameter and short focal length

{n: Gauss, Karl Gauss, Karl Friedrich Gauss} German mathematician who developed the theory of numbers and who applied mathematics to electricity and magnetism and astronomy and geodesy (1777-1855)

{n: Mach number} the ratio of the speed of a moving body to the speed of sound

{n: Mandelbrot set} a set of complex numbers that has a highly convoluted fractal boundary when plotted; the set of all points in the complex plane that are bounded under a certain mathematical iteration

{n: Morse, Morse code, international Morse code} a telegraph code in which letters and numbers are represented by strings of dots and dashes (short and long signals)

{n: Numbers, Book of Numbers} the fourth book of the Old Testament; contains a record of the number of Israelites who followed Moses out of Egypt

{n: Oleandraceae, family Oleandraceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems

{n: Parkinson's law} C. Northcote Parkinson's cynical observation that the number of subordinates in an organization will increase linearly regardless of the amount of work to be done

{n: Pauli exclusion principle, exclusion principle} no two electrons or protons or neutrons in a given system can be in states characterized by the same set of quantum numbers

{n: Poisson distribution} a theoretical distribution that is a good approximation to the binomial distribution when the probability is small and the number of trials is large

{n: Pteridaceae, family Pteridaceae} one of a number of families into which the family Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems; Pteridaceae is itself in turn sometimes further subdivided

{n: Roman Inquisition, Congregation of the Inquisition} an inquisition set up in Italy in 1542 to curb the number of Protestants

"it was the Roman Inquisition that put Galileo on trial"

{n: Rutherford atom} first modern concept of atomic structure; all of the positive charge and most of the mass of the atom are contained in a compact nucleus; a number of electrons (equal to the atomic number) occupy the rest of the volume of the atom and neutralize the positive charge

{n: Snellen chart} display consisting of a printed card with letters and numbers in lines of decreasing size; used to test visual acuity

{n: Social Security number} the number of a particular individual's social security account

{n: Soissons, battle of Soissons-Reims, battle of the Chemin-des-Dames, battle of the Aisne} a battle in World War I (May 1918); the Germans tried to attack before the American numbers were too great to defeat; the tactical success of the Germans proved to be a strategic failure

{n: Vittariaceae, family Vittariaceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems: genus Vittaria

{n: abundance} (physics) the ratio of the number of atoms of a specific isotope of an element to the total number of isotopes present

{n: acatalectic} (prosody) a line of verse that has the full number of syllables

{n: acceptance sampling} a statistical procedure for accepting or rejecting a batch of merchandise or documents; involves determining the maximum number of defects discovered in a sample before the entire batch is rejected

{n: accumulator, accumulator register} (computer science) a register that has a built-in adder that adds an input number to the contents of the register

{n: accuracy} (mathematics) the number of significant figures given in a number

"the atomic clock enabled scientists to measure time with much greater accuracy"

{n: act, routine, number, turn, bit} a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program

"he did his act three times every evening"

"she had a catchy little routine"

"it was one of the best numbers he ever did"

{n: actinide series} (chemistry) a series of 15 radioactive elements with increasing atomic numbers from actinium to lawrencium

{n: actinium, Ac, atomic number 89} a radioactive element of the actinide series; found in uranium ores

{n: actinoid, actinide, actinon} any of a series of radioactive elements with atomic numbers 89 through 103

{n: additive inverse} (mathematics) one of a pair of numbers whose sum is zero; the additive inverse of -5 is +5

{n: algebraic number} root of an algebraic equation with rational coefficients

{n: aneuploidy} an abnormality involving a chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number (one chromosome set is incomplete)

{n: antibaryon} the antiparticle of a baryon; a hadron with a baryon number of -1

{n: antilogarithm, antilog} the number of which a given number is the logarithm

{n: antimony, Sb, atomic number 51} a metallic element having four allotropic forms; used in a wide variety of alloys; found in stibnite

{n: apiary, bee house} a shed containing a number of beehives

{n: apoptosis, programmed cell death, caspase-mediated cell death} a type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellular machinery to kill itself; a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number and eliminate cells that threaten the animal's survival

{n: arc cosine, arccosine, arccos, inverse cosine} the inverse function of the cosine; the angle that has a cosine equal to a given number

{n: arc cotangent, arccotangent, inverse cotangent} the inverse function of the cotangent; the angle that has a cotangent equal to a given number

{n: arc secant, arcsecant, arcsec, inverse secant} the inverse function of the secant; the angle that has a secant equal to a given number

{n: arc sine, arcsine, arcsin, inverse sine} the inverse function of the sine; the angle that has a sine equal to a given number

{n: arc tangent, arctangent, arctan, inverse tangent} the inverse function of the tangent; the angle that has a tangent equal to a given number

{n: area code} a number usually of 3 digits assigned to a telephone area as in the United States and Canada

{n: argon, Ar, atomic number 18} a colorless and odorless inert gas; one of the six inert gases; comprises approximately 1% of the earth's atmosphere

{n: arithmancy} divination by means of numbers

{n: arithmetic mean, first moment, expectation, expected value} the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values

{n: arity} the number of arguments that a function can take

{n: army} a large number of people united for some specific purpose

{n: astatine, At, atomic number 85} a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium

{n: atomic number} the order of an element in Mendeleyev's table of the elements; equal to the number of protons in the nucleus or electrons in the neutral state of an atom of an element

{n: attendance} the number of people that are present

"attendance was up by 50 per cent"

{n: attrition rate, rate of attrition} the rate of shrinkage in size or number

{n: authorized shares, authorized stock, capital stock} the maximum number of shares authorized under the terms of a corporation's articles of incorporation

{n: avalanche} a sudden appearance of an overwhelming number of things

"the program brought an avalanche of mail"

{n: average cost} total cost for all units bought (or produced) divided by the number of units

{n: baluster} one of a number of closely spaced supports for a railing

{n: bank identification number, BIN, ABA transit number} an identification number consisting of a two-part code assigned to banks and savings associations; the first part shows the location and the second identifies the bank itself

{n: barium, Ba, atomic number 56} a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite

{n: baryon number} a number equal to the difference between the number of baryons and the number of antibaryons in any subatomic structure; it is conserved in all types of particle interactions

{n: baryon, heavy particle} any of the elementary particles having a mass equal to or greater than that of a proton and that participate in strong interactions; a hadron with a baryon number of +1

{n: basivertebral vein, vena basivertebralis} one of a number of veins draining the spongy substance of the vertebrae and emptying into the anterior internal vertebral venous plexus

{n: batch, deal, flock, good deal, great deal, hatful, heap, lot, mass, mess, mickle, mint, muckle, peck, pile, plenty, pot, quite a little, raft, sight, slew, spate, stack, tidy sum, wad, whole lot, whole slew} (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent

"a batch of letters"

"a deal of trouble"

"a lot of money"

"he made a mint on the stock market"

"it must have cost plenty"

{n: battalion, large number, multitude, plurality, pack} a large indefinite number

"a battalion of ants"

"a multitude of TV antennas"

"a plurality of religions"

{n: batting average} (baseball) the percentage of times a batter gets a hit; number of base hits divided by the number of times at bat

{n: bid, bidding} (bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make

{n: binary numeration system, pure binary numeration system, binary number system, binary system} a positional system of numeration that uses binary digits and a radix of two

{n: binomial distribution, Bernoulli distribution} a theoretical distribution of the number of successes in a finite set of independent trials with a constant probability of success

{n: bismuth, Bi, atomic number 83} a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by-product from ores of other metals

{n: block vote} a vote proportional in magnitude to the number of people that a delegate represents

{n: block} a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit

"he reserved a large block of seats"

"he held a large block of the company's stock"

{n: blood count} the act of estimating the number of red and white corpuscles in a blood sample

{n: blood count} the number of red and white corpuscles in a blood sample

{n: blood pressure} the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health

"adult blood pressure is considered normal at 120/80 where the first number is the systolic pressure and the second is the diastolic pressure"

{n: book, volume} physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together

"he used a large book as a doorstop"

{n: book} a number of sheets (ticket or stamps etc.) bound together on one edge

"he bought a book of stamps"

{n: boron, B, atomic number 5} a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder

{n: bulk mail} mail consisting of large numbers of identical items (circulars or advertisements) sent to individual addresses at less than 1st-class rates and paid for in one lot

{n: bull's eye} in target shooting: a score made by hitting the center of the target

"in repeated sets of five shots his numbers of bull's-eyes varied"

{n: bunch, clump, cluster, clustering} a grouping of a number of similar things

"a bunch of trees"

"a cluster of admirers"

{n: busload} the quantity of cargo or the number of passengers that a bus can carry

{n: calcium, Ca, atomic number 20} a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals

{n: call mark, call number, pressmark} a mark consisting of characters written on a book; used to indicate shelf location

{n: caller ID} a small display that will show you the telephone number of the party calling you

{n: carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar} an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain

{n: cardiac glycoside, cardiac glucoside} obtained from a number of plants and used to stimulate the heart in cases of heart failure

{n: cardinal number, cardinal} the number of elements in a mathematical set; denotes a quantity but not the order

{n: cardinality} (mathematics) the number of elements in a set or group (considered as a property of that grouping)

{n: cascade transformer} a number of transformers in series; provides a high-voltage source

{n: case load} the number of cases handled in a given period of time (as by a court or agency)

{n: case-fatality proportion} the number of cases of a disease ending in death divided by the number of cases of the disease; usually expressed as a percentage or as the number of deaths per 1000 cases

{n: case-to-infection proportion, case-to-infection ratio} the number of cases of a disease divided by the number of infections with the agent that causes the disease

{n: castle, rook} (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard

{n: cerium, Ce, atomic number 58} a ductile grey metallic element of the lanthanide series; used in lighter flints; the most abundant of the rare-earth group

{n: chain} a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership

{n: chapter} a subdivision of a written work; usually numbered and titled

"he read a chapter every night before falling asleep"

{n: chat room, chatroom} a site on the internet where a number of users can communicate in real time (typically one dedicated to a particular topic)

{n: chip, microchip, micro chip, silicon chip} electronic equipment consisting of a small crystal of a silicon semiconductor fabricated to carry out a number of electronic functions in an integrated circuit

{n: chromosomal aberration, chromosomal anomaly, chrosomal abnormality, chromosonal disorder} any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes; often results in physical or mental abnormalities

{n: circulation} number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold

"by increasing its circulation the newspaper hoped to increase its advertising"

{n: closed-end fund, closed-end investment company} a regulated investment company that issues a fixed number of shares which are listed on a stock market

{n: clutch} a number of birds hatched at the same time

{n: cobalt 60} a radioactive isotope of cobalt with mass number 60; a source of exceptionally intense gamma rays; used in radiation therapy

{n: coding system} a system of signals used to represent letters or numbers in transmitting messages

{n: coefficient} a constant number that serves as a measure of some property or characteristic

{n: column} a linear array of numbers one above another

{n: combination} a sequence of numbers or letters that opens a combination lock

"he forgot the combination to the safe"

{n: complement, full complement} number needed to make up a whole force

"a full complement of workers"

{n: complete blood count, CBC, blood profile} counting the number of white and red blood cells and the number of platelets in 1 cubic millimeter of blood

{n: complex conjugate} either of two complex numbers whose real parts are identical and whose imaginary parts differ only in sign

{n: complex instruction set computing, complex instruction set computer, CISC} (computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a large number of instructions hard coded into the CPU chip

<-> RISC, reduced instruction set computer, reduced instruction set computing

{n: complex number, complex quantity, imaginary number, imaginary} (mathematics) a number of the form a+bi where a and b are real numbers and i is the square root of -1

{n: compositeness} the property of being a composite number

{n: compound leaf} a leaf composed of a number of leaflets on a common stalk

{n: concentration} (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter)

{n: constant} a number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context

"the velocity of light is a constant"

{n: contagion, infection} the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people

"a contagion of mirth"

"the infection of his enthusiasm for poetry"

{n: contract, contract bridge} a variety of bridge in which the bidder receives points toward game only for the number of tricks he bid

{n: contribution, part, share} any one of a number of individual efforts in a common endeavor

"I am proud of my contribution to the team's success"

"they all did their share of the work"

{n: council tax} a tax levied on households by local authorities; based on the estimated value of the property and the number of people living in it

{n: counter, tabulator} a calculator that keeps a record of the number of times something happens

{n: couple} a small indefinite number

"he's coming for a couple of days"

{n: covalence, covalency} valence characterized by the sharing of electrons in a chemical compound; the number of pairs of electrons an atom can share

{n: craps} a gambling game played with two dice; a first throw of 7 or 11 wins and a first throw of 2, 3, or 12 loses and a first throw of any other number must be repeated to win before a 7 is thrown, which loses the bet and the dice

{n: crowd} a large number of things or people considered together

"a crowd of insects assembled around the flowers"

{n: cutaneous vein, vena cutanea} one of a number of veins in the subcutaneous tissue that empty into deep veins

{n: cut} the act of reducing the amount or number

"the mayor proposed extensive cuts in the city budget"

{n: death toll} the number of deaths resulting from some particular cause such as an accident or a battle or a natural disaster

{n: decimal numeration system, decimal number system, decimal system} a positional system of numeration that uses decimal digits and a base of ten

{n: degree of freedom} one of the minimum number of parameters needed to describe the state of a physical system

{n: denomination} a class of one kind of unit in a system of numbers or measures or weights or money

"he flashed a fistful of bills of large denominations"

{n: dentition, teeth} the kind and number and arrangement of teeth (collectively) in a person or animal

{n: depopulation} the condition of having reduced numbers of inhabitants (or no inhabitants at all)

{n: differential blood count} counting the number of specific types of white blood cells found in 1 cubic millimeter of blood; may be included as part of a complete blood count

{n: digital display, alphanumeric display} a display that gives the information in the form of characters (numbers or letters)

{n: diploid} (genetics) an organism or cell having two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number

{n: divisibility} the quality of being divisible; the capacity to be divided into parts or divided among a number of persons

{n: division} an arithmetic operation that is the inverse of multiplication; the quotient of two numbers is computed

{n: dollar mark, dollar sign} a mark ($) written before a number to indicate that it stands for the number of dollars

{n: domain name} strings of letters and numbers (separated by periods) that are used to name organizations and computers and addresses on the internet

"domain names are organized hierarchically with the more generic parts to the right"

{n: duodecimal number system, duodecimal system} a positional system of numeration that uses duodecimal digits and a radix of twelve

{n: dysprosium, Dy, atomic number 66} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; forms compounds that are highly magnetic

{n: earned run average, ERA} (baseball) a measure of a pitcher's effectiveness; calculated as the average number of earned runs allowed by the pitcher for every nine innings pitched

{n: eigenvalue, eigenvalue of a matrix, eigenvalue of a square matrix, characteristic root of a square matrix} (mathematics) any number such that a given square matrix minus that number times the identity matrix has a zero determinant

{n: eight, 8, VIII, eighter, eighter from Decatur, octad, ogdoad, octonary, octet} the cardinal number that is the sum of seven and one

{n: eighteen, 18, XVIII} the cardinal number that is the sum of seventeen and one

{n: eighty, 80, LXXX, fourscore} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and eight

{n: eleven, 11, XI} the cardinal number that is the sum of ten and one

{n: empirical formula} a chemical formula showing the ratio of elements in a compound rather than the total number of atoms

{n: employee turnover, turnover rate, turnover} the ratio of the number of workers that had to be replaced in a given time period to the average number of workers

{n: enallage} a substitution of part of speech or gender or number or tense etc. (e.g., editorial `we' for `I')

{n: endangered species} a species whose numbers are so small that the species is at risk of extinction

{n: eosinopenia} a decrease in the number of eosinophils in the blood

{n: epsilon toxin, Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin} a bacterial toxin produced by clostridium perfringens; causes intense abdominal cramps and diarrhea that begins 8-22 hours after consumption of foods containing large numbers of these bacteria

{n: equivalent-binary-digit factor} the average number of binary digits needed to express one radix digit in a numeration system that is not binary; on the average a number that can be expressed in N decimal digits takes 3.3N binary digits

{n: erbium, Er, atomic number 68} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs with yttrium

{n: europium, Eu, atomic number 63} a bivalent and trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group

{n: even-toed ungulate, artiodactyl, artiodactyl mammal} placental mammal having hooves with an even number of functional toes on each foot

<-> odd-toed ungulate

{n: exponent, power, index} a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself

{n: factor analysis} any of several methods for reducing correlational data to a smaller number of dimensions or factors; beginning with a correlation matrix a small number of components or factors are extracted that are regarded as the basic variable that account for the interrelations observed in the data

{n: factor} any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together

{n: factor} anything that contributes causally to a result

"a number of factors determined the outcome"

{n: fall, downfall} a sudden decline in strength or number or importance

"the fall of the House of Hapsburg"

<-> rise

{n: fantan, fan tan} a Chinese gambling game; a random number of counters are placed under a bowl and you gamble on how many will be left (0, 1, 2, or 3 modulo 4)

{n: fatality, human death} a death resulting from an accident or a disaster

"a decrease in the number of automobile fatalities"

{n: federation} the act of constituting a political unity out of a number of separate states or colonies or provinces so that each member retains the management of its internal affairs

{n: feria} a weekday on which no festival or holiday is celebrated

"in the middle ages feria was used with a prefixed ordinal number to designate the day of the week, so `secunda feria' meant Monday, but Sunday and Saturday were always called by their names, Dominicus and Sabbatum, and so feria came to mean an ordinary weekday"

{n: few} an indefinite but relatively small number

"they bought a case of beer and drank a few"

{n: fielding average} (baseball) the percentage of times a fielder handles a batted ball properly; number of assists and putouts divided by the number of chances

{n: field} (mathematics) a set of elements such that addition and multiplication are commutative and associative and multiplication is distributive over addition and there are two elements 0 and 1

"the set of all rational numbers is a field"

{n: fifteen, 15, XV} the cardinal number that is the sum of fourteen and one

{n: fifty, 50, L} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and five

{n: first, number one, number 1} the first element in a countable series

"the first of the month"

{n: five hundred, 500, D} the cardinal number that is the product of one hundred and five

{n: five, 5, V, cinque, quint, quintet, fivesome, quintuplet, pentad, fin, Phoebe, Little Phoebe} the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one

{n: fixed-cycle operation} an operation that is completed in a specified number of regularly timed execution cycles

{n: flash card, flashcard} a card with words or numbers of pictures that are flashed to a class by the teacher

{n: float} the number of shares outstanding and available for trading by the public

{n: flood, inundation, deluge, torrent} an overwhelming number or amount

"a flood of requests"

"a torrent of abuse"

{n: flux density, flux} (physics) the number of changes in energy flow across a given surface per unit area

{n: focal ratio, f number, stop number, speed} the ratio of the focal length to the diameter of a (camera) lens system

{n: follow-on} an immediate second innings forced on a cricket team scoring a prescribed number of runs fewer than its opponents in the first innings

{n: forty, 40, XL} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and four

{n: four, 4, IV, tetrad, quatern, quaternion, quaternary, quaternity, quartet, quadruplet, foursome, Little Joe} the cardinal number that is the sum of three and one

{n: fourteen, 14, XIV} the cardinal number that is the sum of thirteen and one

{n: francium, Fr, atomic number 87} a radioactive element of the alkali-metal group discovered as a disintegration product of actinium

{n: frequency, absolute frequency} the number of observations in a given statistical category

{n: frequency, frequence, oftenness} the number of occurrences within a given time period

"the frequency of modulation was 40 cycles per second"

"the frequency of his seizures increased as he grew older"

{n: frequency, relative frequency} the ratio of the number of observations in a statistical category to the total number of observations

{n: gadolinium, Gd, atomic number 64} a ductile silvery-white ductile ferromagnetic trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group

{n: generative grammar} (linguistics) a type of grammar that describes syntax in terms of a set of logical rules that can generate all and only the infinite number of grammatical sentences in a language and assigns them all the correct structural description

{n: genus Bacillus} type genus of the Bacillaceae; includes many saprophytes important in decay of organic matter and a number of parasites

{n: geometric mean} the mean of n numbers expressed as the n-th root of their product

{n: giant hyssop} any of a number of aromatic plants of the genus Agastache

{n: googolplex} a cardinal number represented as 1 followed by a googol of zeros (ten raised to the power of a googol)

{n: googol} a cardinal number represented as 1 followed by 100 zeros (ten raised to the power of a hundred)

{n: grade point average, GPA} a measure of a student's academic achievement at a college or university; calculated by dividing the total number of grade points received by the total number attempted

{n: grade point} a numerical value assigned to a letter grade received in a course taken at a college or university multiplied by the number of credit hours awarded for the course

{n: gravida} the number of the pregnancy that a woman is in

"in her third pregnancy a woman is said to be gravida three"

{n: group, grouping} any number of entities (members) considered as a unit

{n: hafnium, Hf, atomic number 72} a grey tetravalent metallic element that resembles zirconium chemically and is found in zirconium minerals; used in filaments for its ready emission of electrons

{n: handful, smattering} a small number or amount

"only a handful of responses were received"

{n: harmonic mean} the mean of n numbers expressed as the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of the reciprocals of the numbers

{n: head count, headcount} number of people in a particular group

{n: hedge fund, hedgefund} a flexible investment company for a small number of large investors (usually the minimum investment is $1 million); can use high-risk techniques (not allowed for mutual funds) such as short-selling and heavy leveraging

{n: helium, He, atomic number 2} a very light colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; the most difficult gas to liquefy; occurs in economically extractable amounts in certain natural gases (as those found in Texas and Kansas)

{n: hematocytopenia, haematocytopenia} an abnormally low number of red blood cells in the blood

{n: heteroploid} (genetics) an organism or cell having a chromosome number that is not an even multiple of the haploid chromosome number for that species

{n: hexadecimal number system, sexadecimal number system, hexadecimal system} a positional system of numeration that uses hexadecimal digits and a radix of sixteen

{n: high-definition television, HDTV} a television system that has more than the usual number of lines per frame so its pictures show more detail

{n: holmium, Ho, atomic number 67} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs together with yttrium; forms highly magnetic compounds

{n: hyperplasia} abnormal increase in number of cells

{n: hypoplasia} underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells

{n: identity theft} the co-option of another person's personal information (e.g., name, Social Security number, credit card number, passport) without that person's knowledge and the fraudulent use of such knowledge

{n: imaginary part, imaginary part of a complex number} the part of a complex number that has the square root of -1 as a factor

{n: inborn error of metabolism} any of a number of diseases in which an inherited defect (usually a missing or inadequate enzyme) results in an abnormality of metabolism

{n: incursion} the act of entering some territory or domain (often in large numbers)

"the incursion of television into the American living room"

{n: indefinite integral} the set of functions F(x) + C, where C is any real number, such that F(x) is the integral of f(x)

{n: index, index number, indicant, indicator} a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time

{n: index} an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed

{n: insufficiency, inadequacy, deficiency} lack of an adequate quantity or number

"the inadequacy of unemployment benefits"

<-> adequacy, sufficiency

{n: integer, whole number} any of the natural numbers (positive or negative) or zero

{n: iridium, Ir, atomic number 77} a heavy brittle metallic element of the platinum group; used in alloys; occurs in natural alloys with platinum or osmium

{n: iron, Fe, atomic number 26} a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood

{n: ironwood} exceptionally tough or hard wood of any of a number of ironwood trees

{n: irruption} a sudden sharp increase in the relative numbers of a population

{n: isotope} one of two or more atoms with the same atomic number but with different numbers of neutrons

{n: issue, number} one of a series published periodically

"she found an old issue of the magazine in her dentist's waiting room"

{n: iteration, looping} (computer science) executing the same set of instructions a given number of times or until a specified result is obtained

"the solution is obtained by iteration"

{n: karyotype} the appearance of the chromosomal makeup of a somatic cell in an individual or species (including the number and arrangement and size and structure of the chromosomes)

{n: krypton, Kr, atomic number 36} a colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; occurs in trace amounts in air

{n: lepton} an elementary particle that participates in weak interactions; has a baryon number of 0

{n: leukocytosis, leucocytosis} an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection (as in leukemia)

{n: license plate, numberplate} a plate mounted on the front and back of car and bearing the car's registration number

{n: limited edition} an edition that is restricted to a specific number of copies

{n: linage, lineage} a rate of payment for written material that is measured according to the number of lines submitted

{n: linage, lineage} the number of lines in a piece of printed material

{n: lithium, Li, atomic number 3} a soft silver-white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals

{n: loan collection} a number of pictures loaned by their owners for exhibition

{n: logarithmic scale} scale on which actual distances from the origin are proportional to the logarithms of the corresponding scale numbers

{n: long hundred, great hundred, 120} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and twelve

{n: lowest common multiple, least common multiple, lcm} the smallest multiple that is exactly divisible by every member of a set of numbers

"the least common multiple of 12 and 18 is 36"

{n: lutetium, lutecium, Lu, atomic number 71} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; usually occurs in association with yttrium

{n: lymphocytopenia, lymphopenia} an abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood

{n: lymphocytosis} an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood

{n: lyric, words, language} the text of a popular song or musical-comedy number

"his compositions always started with the lyrics"

"he wrote both words and music"

"the song uses colloquial language"

{n: magic number} the atomic number of an extra stable strongly bound atomic nucleus: 2, 8, 20, 28, 50, 82 or 126

{n: magnetic stripe} a short strip of magnetic tape attached to a credit card or debit card; it contains data that will tell a reading device who you are and what your account number is, etc.

{n: marijuana, marihuana, ganja, Cannabis sativa} a strong-smelling plant from whose dried leaves a number of euphoriant and hallucinogenic drugs are prepared

{n: mark, grade, score} a number or letter indicating quality (especially of a student's performance)

"she made good marks in algebra"

"grade A milk"

"what was your score on your homework?"

{n: market capitalization, market capitalisation} an estimation of the value of a business that is obtained by multiplying the number of shares outstanding by the current price of a share

{n: mass number, nucleon number} the sum of the number of neutrons and protons in an atomic nucleus

{n: mean, mean value} an average of n numbers computed by adding some function of the numbers and dividing by some function of n

{n: measurement, measuring, measure, mensuration} the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule

"the measurements were carefully done"

"his mental measurings proved remarkably accurate"

{n: meet, sports meeting} a meeting at which a number of athletic contests are held

{n: mesh} the number of opening per inch of a screen; measures size of particles

"a 100 mesh screen"

"100 mesh powdered cellulose"

{n: meson, mesotron} an elementary particle responsible for the forces in the atomic nucleus; a hadron with a baryon number of 0

{n: metric space} a set of points such that for every pair of points there is a nonnegative real number called their distance that is symmetric and satisfies the triangle inequality

{n: million, billion, trillion, zillion, jillion} a very large indefinite number (usually hyperbole)

"there were millions of flies"

{n: minority} being or relating to the smaller in number of two parts

"when the vote was taken they were in the minority"

"he held a minority position"

<-> majority

{n: modulus} the absolute value of a complex number

{n: monosomy} chromosomal abnormality consisting of the absence of one chromosome from the normal diploid number

{n: mountain mint} any of a number of perennial herbs of the genus Pycnanthemum; eastern North America and California

{n: multiplication, times} an arithmetic operation that is the inverse of division; the product of two numbers is computed

"the multiplication of four by three gives twelve"

"four times three equals twelve"

{n: multiplicative inverse, reciprocal} (mathematics) one of a pair of numbers whose product is 1: the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2; the multiplicative inverse of 7 is 1/7

{n: multitudinousness} a very large number (especially of people)

{n: myriad} a large indefinite number

"he faced a myriad of details"

{n: neodymium, Nd, atomic number 60} a yellow trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs in monazite and bastnasite in association with cerium and lanthanum and praseodymium

{n: neon, Ne, atomic number 10} a colorless odorless gaseous element that give a red glow in a vacuum tube; one of the six inert gasses; occurs in the air in small amounts

{n: neptunium, Np, atomic number 93} a radioactive transuranic metallic element; found in trace amounts in uranium ores; a by-product of the production of plutonium

{n: neutron flux} the rate of flow of neutrons; the number of neutrons passing through a unit area in unit time

{n: nine, 9, IX, niner, Nina from Carolina, ennead} the cardinal number that is the sum of eight and one

{n: nineteen, 19, XIX} the cardinal number that is the sum of eighteen and one

{n: ninety, 90, XC} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and nine

{n: nitrogen, N, atomic number 7} a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues

{n: nondisjunction} meiosis in which there is a failure of paired homologous chromosomes to separate; results in an abnormal number of chromosomes in the daughter cells

{n: nonproliferation, non-proliferation} the prevention of something increasing or spreading (especially the prevention of an increase in the number of countries possessing nuclear weapons)

"they protested that the nonproliferation treaty was just a plot to maintain the hegemony of those who already had nuclear weapons"

"nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation are closely related goals"

<-> proliferation

{n: number cruncher} a computer capable of performing a large number of mathematical operations per second

{n: number one} a reference to yourself or myself etc.; `take care of number one' means to put your own interests first

{n: number, figure} the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals

"he had a number of chores to do"

"the number of parameters is small"

"the figure was about a thousand"

{n: number, identification number} a numeral or string of numerals that is used for identification

"she refused to give them her Social Security number"

{n: number} a concept of quantity derived from zero and units

"every number has a unique position in the sequence"

{n: number} a select company of people

"I hope to become one of their number before I die"

{n: number} an item of merchandise offered for sale

"she preferred the black nylon number"

"this sweater is an all-wool number"

{n: number} the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural)

"in English the subject and the verb must agree in number"

{n: numeration system, number system, number representation system, system of numeration} any notation for the representation of numbers

{n: numerology} the study of the supposed occult influence of numbers on human affairs

{n: octal numeration system, octal number system} a positional system of numeration that uses octal digits and a radix of eight

{n: octane number, octane rating} a measure of the antiknock properties of gasoline

{n: odd-toed ungulate, perissodactyl, perissodactyl mammal} placental mammals having hooves with an odd number of toes on each foot

<-> even-toed ungulate

{n: oligopoly} (economics) a market in which control over the supply of a commodity is in the hands of a small number of producers and each one can influence prices and affect competitors

{n: oology} the branch of zoology that studies eggs (especially birds' eggs and their size, shape, coloration, and number)

{n: option, alternative, choice} one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen

"what option did I have?"

"there no other alternative"

"my only choice is to refuse"

{n: order of magnitude, magnitude} a number assigned to the ratio of two quantities; two quantities are of the same order of magnitude if one is less than 10 times as large as the other; the number of magnitudes that the quantities differ is specified to within a power of 10

{n: osmium, Os, atomic number 76} a hard brittle blue-grey or blue-black metallic element that is one of the platinum metals; the heaviest metal known

{n: over} (cricket) the period during which a given number of balls (6 in England but 8 in Australia) are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch

{n: oxidation number, oxidation state} the degree of oxidation of an atom or ion or molecule; for simple atoms or ions the oxidation number is equal to the ionic charge

"the oxidation number of hydrogen is +1 and of oxygen is -2"

{n: oxygen, O, atomic number 8} a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust

{n: pad, pad of paper, tablet} a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge

{n: palladium, Pd, atomic number 46} a silver-white metallic element of the platinum group that resembles platinum; occurs in some copper and nickel ores; does not tarnish at ordinary temperatures and is used (alloyed with gold) in jewelry

{n: parity bit, parity, check bit} (computer science) a bit that is used in an error detection procedure in which a 0 or 1 is added to each group of bits so that it will have either an odd number of 1's or an even number of 1's; e.g., if the parity is odd then any group of bits that arrives with an even number of 1's must contain an error

{n: parity, para} (obstetrics) the number of liveborn children a woman has delivered

"the parity of the mother must be considered"

"a bipara is a woman who has given birth to two children"

{n: par} (golf) the standard number of strokes set for each hole on a golf course, or for the entire course

"a par-5 hole"

"par for this course is 72"

{n: patient} a person who requires medical care

"the number of emergency patients has grown rapidly"

{n: percentile, centile} (statistics) any of the 99 numbered points that divide an ordered set of scores into 100 parts each of which contains one-hundredth of the total

{n: perennation} the process of living through a number of years (as a perennial plant)

{n: periodic law, Mendeleev's law} (chemistry) the principle that chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers

{n: periodic table} a tabular arrangement of the chemical elements according to atomic number as based on the periodic law

{n: permutation} the act of changing the arrangement of a given number of elements

{n: phonebook, phone book, telephone book, telephone directory} a directory containing an alphabetical list of telephone subscribers and their telephone numbers

{n: phosphorus, P, atomic number 15} a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms

{n: pinion} a gear with a small number of teeth designed to mesh with a larger wheel or rack

{n: pixel, pel, picture element} (computer science) the smallest discrete component of an image or picture on a CRT screen (usually a colored dot)

"the greater the number of pixels per inch the greater the resolution"

{n: plankton} the aggregate of small plant and animal organisms that float or drift in great numbers in fresh or salt water

{n: plurality, relative majority} (in an election with more than 2 options) the number of votes for the candidate or party receiving the greatest number (but less that half of the votes)

{n: pollen count} the number of pollen grains (usually ragweed) in a standard volume of air over a twenty-four hour period and a specified time and place

{n: polycythemia} a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood

{n: polynomial, multinomial} a mathematical function that is the sum of a number of terms

{n: polyploid} (genetics) an organism or cell having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes

{n: population growth} increase in the number of people who inhabit a territory or state

{n: population profile} a chart showing the number of people as a function of their ages

{n: population shift} a change in the relative numbers of the different groups of individuals making up a population

{n: population} the number of inhabitants (either the total number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place (country or city etc.)

"people come and go, but the population of this town has remained approximately constant for the past decade"

"the African-American population of Salt Lake City has been increasing"

{n: positional notation, positional representation system} a numeration system in which a real number is represented by an ordered set of characters where the value of a character depends on its position

{n: post-office box number, PO box number, PO Box No, box number} the number of a letter box at the post office where mail is collected

{n: potassium, K, atomic number 19} a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite

{n: pounder} (used only in combination) something weighing a given number of pounds

"the fisherman caught a 10-pounder"

"their linemen are all 300-pounders"

{n: praseodymium, Pr, atomic number 59} a soft yellowish-white trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; can be recovered from bastnasite or monazite by an ion-exchange process

{n: preponderance, prevalence} a superiority in numbers or amount

"a preponderance of evidence against the defendant"

{n: prevalence} (epidemiology) the ratio (for a given time period) of the number of occurrences of a disease or event to the number of units at risk in the population

{n: prickly ash} any of a number of trees or shrubs of the genus Zanthoxylum having spiny branches

{n: primality} the property of being a prime number

{n: prismoid} a prismatoid whose bases are polygons having the same number of sides and whose other faces are trapezoids or parallelograms

{n: probability, chance} a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible

"the probability that an unbiased coin will fall with the head up is 0.5"

{n: proliferation} a rapid increase in number (especially a rapid increase in the number of deadly weapons)

"the proliferation of nuclear weapons"

<-> nonproliferation, non-proliferation

{n: promethium, Pm, atomic number 61} a soft silvery metallic element of the rare earth group having no stable isotope; was discovered in radioactive form as a fission product of uranium

{n: pulse counter} an electronic counter that counts the number of electric pulses

{n: pure imaginary number} an imaginary number of the form a+bi where a is 0

{n: pyramid scheme} a fraudulent scheme in which people are recruited to make payments to the person who recruited them while expecting to receive payments from the persons they recruit; when the number of new recruits fails to sustain the hierarchical payment structure the scheme collapses with most of the participants losing the money they put in

{n: pyramiding} a fraudulent business practice involving some form of pyramid scheme e.g., the chain of distribution is artificially expanded by an excessive number of distributors selling to other distributors at progressively higher wholesale prices until retail prices are unnecessarily inflated

{n: quorum} a gathering of the minimal number of members of an organization to conduct business

{n: race meeting} a regular occasion on which a number of horse races are held on the same track

"the Epsom race meeting was an important social event"

{n: radon, Rn, atomic number 86} a radioactive gaseous element formed by the disintegration of radium; the heaviest of the inert gasses; occurs naturally (especially in areas over granite) and is considered a hazard to health

{n: rare earth, rare-earth element, lanthanoid, lanthanide, lanthanon} any element of the lanthanide series (atomic numbers 57 through 71)

{n: record} the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had

"at 9-0 they have the best record in their league"

{n: recursive definition} (mathematics) a definition of a function from which values of the function can be calculated in a finite number of steps

{n: relational database} a database in which relations between information items are explicitly specified as accessible attributes

"in a relational database the data are organized as a number of differently sized tables"

{n: resolution} (computer science) the number of pixels per square inch on a computer-generated display; the greater the resolution, the better the picture

{n: reverse split, reverse stock split, split down} a decrease in the number of outstanding shares of a corporation without changing the shareholders' equity

{n: rhodium, Rh, atomic number 45} a white hard metallic element that is one of the platinum group and is found in platinum ores; used in alloys with platinum

{n: ring girl} a young woman who holds up cards indicating the number of the next round at prize fights

{n: root} a number that when multiplied by itself some number of times equals a given number

{n: rouge et noir, trente-et-quarante} a card game in which two rows of cards are dealt and players can bet on the color of the cards or on which row will have a count nearer some number

{n: round robin} a letter signed by a number of people

{n: rounding, rounding error} (mathematics) a miscalculation that results from rounding off numbers to a convenient number of decimals

"the error in the calculation was attributable to rounding"

"taxes are rounded off to the nearest dollar but the rounding error is surprisingly small"

{n: roundness} the quality of being round numbers

"he gave us the results in round numbers, but their roundness didn't affect the point he was making"

{n: row} a linear array of numbers side by side

{n: rubidium, Rb, atomic number 37} a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali metal group; burns in air and reacts violently in water; occurs in carnallite and lepidolite and pollucite

{n: ruthenium, Ru, atomic number 44} a rare polyvalent metallic element of the platinum group; it is found associated with platinum

{n: rydberg, rydberg constant, rydberg unit} a wave number characteristic of the wave spectrum of each element

{n: samarium, Sm, atomic number 62} a grey lustrous metallic element of the rare earth group; is used in special alloys; occurs in monazite and bastnasite

{n: scad} any of a number of fishes of the family Carangidae

{n: scalar product, inner product, dot product} a real number (a scalar) that is the product of two vectors

{n: scanner} someone who scans verse to determine the number and prosodic value of the syllables

{n: scattering, sprinkling} a small number (of something) dispersed haphazardly

"the first scatterings of green"

"a sprinkling of grey at his temples"

{n: score} a number that expresses the accomplishment of a team or an individual in a game or contest

"the score was 7 to 0"

{n: seating capacity} the number of people that can be seated in a vehicle or auditorium or stadium etc.

{n: selloff} a sale of a relatively large number of assets (stocks or bonds or commodities) at a low price typically done to dispose of them rather than as normal trade

{n: set} (mathematics) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols

"the set of prime numbers is infinite"

{n: seven, 7, VII, sevener, heptad, septet, septenary} the cardinal number that is the sum of six and one

{n: seventeen, 17, XVII} the cardinal number that is the sum of sixteen and one

{n: seventy, 70, LXX} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and seven

{n: seventy-eight, 78, LXXVIII} the cardinal number that is the sum of seventy and eight

{n: sexual immorality} the evil ascribed to sexual acts that violate social conventions

"sexual immorality is the major reason for last year's record number of abortions"

{n: shrubbery} an area where a number of shrubs are planted

{n: significant digit, significant figure} any digit of a number that is known with certainty; any digit of a number beginning with the leftmost non-zero digit and ending with the rightmost non-zero digit (or a zero considered to be the exact value)

"he calculated the answer to four significant figures"

{n: silver, Ag, atomic number 47} a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography

{n: six, 6, VI, sixer, sise, Captain Hicks, half a dozen, sextet, sestet, sextuplet, hexad} the cardinal number that is the sum of five and one

{n: sixteen, 16, XVI} the cardinal number that is the sum of fifteen and one

{n: sixty, 60, LX} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and six

{n: sodium, Na, atomic number 11} a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)

{n: sperm count} the act of estimating the number of spermatozoa in an ejaculate

{n: sperm count} the number of sperm in an ejaculate

"the sperm count is used as an indicator of male fertility"

{n: sphinx} one of a number of large stone statues with the body of a lion and the head of a man that were built by the ancient Egyptians

{n: split, stock split, split up} an increase in the number of outstanding shares of a corporation without changing the shareholders' equity

"they announced a two-for-one split of the common stock"

{n: spot} a playing card with a specified number of pips on it to indicate its value

"an eight spot"

{n: spurious correlation} a correlation between two variables (e.g., between the number of electric motors in the home and grades at school) that does not result from any direct relation between them (buying electric motors will not raise grades) but from their relation to other variables

{n: square matrix} a matrix with the same number of rows and columns

{n: standee} someone who stands in a place where one might otherwise sit (as a spectator who uses standing room in a theater or a passenger on a crowded bus or train)

"the allowed number of standees is posted"

{n: stanza} a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem

{n: stochastic process} a statistical process involving a number of random variables depending on a variable parameter (which is usually time)

{n: stock index, stock market index} index based on a statistical compilation of the share prices of a number of representative stocks

{n: stockholding, stockholdings} a specific number of stocks or shares owned

"sell holdings he has in corporations"

{n: straddle} the option to buy or sell a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date; consists of an equal number of put and call options

{n: stria, striation} any of a number of tiny parallel grooves such as: the scratches left by a glacier on rocks or the streaks or ridges in muscle tissue

{n: strontium 90} a radioactive isotope of strontium (with the mass number 90) that is present in the fallout from nuclear explosions; can be assimilated like calcium into bones

{n: strontium, Sr, atomic number 38} a soft silver-white or yellowish metallic element of the alkali metal group; turns yellow in air; occurs in celestite and strontianite

{n: subscriber, reader} someone who contracts to receive and pay for a service or a certain number of issues of a publication

{n: subtotal} the sum of part of a group of numbers

{n: subtraction, minus} an arithmetic operation in which the difference between two numbers is calculated

"the subtraction of three from four leaves one"

"four minus three equals one"

{n: sum, amount, total} a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers

{n: summation, addition, plus} the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers

"the summation of four and three gives seven"

"four plus three equals seven"

{n: syllepsis} use of a word to govern two or more words though agreeing in number or case etc. with only one

{n: technetium, Tc, atomic number 43} a crystalline metallic element not found in nature; occurs as one of the fission products of uranium

{n: tellurium, Te, atomic number 52} a brittle silver-white metalloid element that is related to selenium and sulfur; it is used in alloys and as a semiconductor; occurs mainly as tellurides in ores of copper and nickel and silver and gold

{n: ten thousand, 10000, myriad} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and one thousand

{n: ten, 10, X, tenner, decade} the cardinal number that is the sum of nine and one; the base of the decimal system

{n: terbium, Tb, atomic number 65} a metallic element of the rare earth group; used in lasers; occurs in apatite and monazite and xenotime and ytterbite

{n: thirteen, 13, XIII, baker's dozen, long dozen} the cardinal number that is the sum of twelve and one

{n: thirty, 30, XXX} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and three

{n: thousand, one thousand, 1000, M, K, chiliad, G, grand, thou, yard} the cardinal number that is the product of 10 and 100

{n: three, 3, III, trio, threesome, tierce, leash, troika, triad, trine, trinity, ternary, ternion, triplet, tercet, terzetto, trey, deuce-ace} the cardinal number that is the sum of one and one and one

{n: thrombocytopenia, thrombopenia} a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood

{n: thrombocytosis} increase in the number of platelets in the blood which tends to cause clots to form; associated with many neoplasms and chronic infections and other diseases

{n: thulium, Tm, atomic number 69} a soft silvery metallic element of the rare earth group; isotope 170 emits X-rays and is used in small portable X-ray machines; it occurs in monazite and apatite and xenotime

{n: time signature, musical time signature} a musical notation indicating the number of beats to a measure and kind of note that takes a beat

{n: tons, dozens, heaps, lots, mountain, piles, scores, stacks, loads, rafts, slews, wads, oodles, gobs, scads, lashings} a large number or amount

"made lots of new friends"

"she amassed a mountain of newspapers"

{n: tooth} one of a number of uniform projections on a gear

{n: traffic jam, snarl-up} a number of vehicles blocking one another until they can scarcely move

{n: transactinide} any of the artificially produced elements with atomic numbers greater than 103

{n: transuranic element} any element having an atomic number greater than 92 (which is the atomic number of uranium); all are radioactive

{n: triskaidekaphobia} a morbid fear of the number 13

{n: trisomy} chrosomal abnormality in which there is one more than the normal number of chromosomes in a cell

{n: tutorial} a session of intensive tuition given by a tutor to an individual or to a small number of students

{n: twelve, 12, XII, dozen} the cardinal number that is the sum of eleven and one

{n: twenty, 20, XX} the cardinal number that is the sum of nineteen and one

{n: twenty-eight, 28, XXVIII} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-seven and one

{n: twenty-five, 25, XXV} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-four and one

{n: twenty-four, 24, XXIV, two dozen} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-three and one

{n: twenty-nine, 29, XXIX} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-eight and one

{n: twenty-one, 21, XXI} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty and one

{n: twenty-seven, 27, XXVII} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-six and one

{n: twenty-six, 26, XXVI} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-five and one

{n: twenty-three, 23, XXIII} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-two and one

{n: twenty-two, 22, XXII} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-one and one

{n: two, 2, II, deuce} the cardinal number that is the sum of one and one or a numeral representing this number

{n: unformatted capacity} (computer science) the total number of bytes on a disk including the space that will be required to format it

{n: ungulate, hoofed mammal} any of a number of mammals with hooves that are superficially similar but not necessarily closely related taxonomically

{n: unit} an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole

"the reduced the number of units and installations"

"the word is a basic linguistic unit"

{n: uranium 235} a uranium isotope with mass number 235; capable of sustaining chain reactions

{n: valence, valency} (chemistry) a property of atoms or radicals; their combining power given in terms of the number of hydrogen atoms (or the equivalent)

{n: voltaic battery, galvanic battery} battery consisting of a number of voltaic cells arranged in series or parallel

{n: vote, ballot, voting, balloting} a choice that is made by counting the number of people in favor of each alternative

"there were only 17 votes in favor of the motion"

{n: vote, voter turnout} the total number of votes cast

"they are hoping for a large vote"

{n: wave number} the reciprocal of the wavelength of a wave

{n: white pages} a telephone directory or section of a directory (usually printed on white paper) where the names of people are listed alphabetically along with their telephone numbers

{n: whiting} flesh of any of a number of slender food fishes especially of Atlantic coasts of North America

{n: wildfowl} flesh of any of a number of wild game birds suitable for food

{n: yam, yam plant} any of a number of tropical vines of the genus Dioscorea many having edible tuberous roots

{n: yardage} distance measured in the aggregate number of yards

"what is the yardage of this golf course?"

{n: ytterbium, Yb, atomic number 70} a soft silvery metallic element; a rare earth of the lanthanide series; it occurs in gadolinite and monazite and xenotime

{n: zinc, Zn, atomic number 30} a bluish-white lustrous metallic element; brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable when heated; used in a wide variety of alloys and in galvanizing iron; it occurs as zinc sulphide in zinc blende

{v: average, average out} amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain

"The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40"

{v: call out} call out loudly, as of names or numbers

{v: cap} restrict the number or amount of

"We had to cap the number of people we can accept into our club"

{v: choose, take, select, pick out} pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives

"Take any one of these cards"

"Choose a good husband for your daughter"

"She selected a pair of shoes from among the dozen the salesgirl had shown her"

{v: converge} approach a limit as the number of terms increases without limit

<-> diverge

{v: count, number, enumerate, numerate} determine the number or amount of

"Can you count the books on your shelf?"

"Count your change"

{v: deoxidize, deoxidise, reduce} to remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase in the number of electrons

<-> oxidise, oxidize

{v: determine, find, find out, ascertain} after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study

"find the product of two numbers"

"The physicist who found the elusive particle won the Nobel Prize"

{v: dial} choose by means of a dial

"dial a telephone number"

{v: drop off} fall or diminish

"The number of students in this course dropped off after the first test"

{v: extract} calculate the root of a number

{v: fail} become bankrupt or insolvent ; fail financially and close

"The toy company went bankrupt after the competition hired cheap Mexican labor"

"A number of banks failed that year"

{v: foliate, paginate, page} number the pages of a book or manuscript

{v: foot, foot up} add a column of numbers

{v: gain, advance, win, pull ahead, make headway, get ahead, gain ground} obtain advantages, such as points, etc.

"The home team was gaining ground"

"After defeating the Knicks, the Blazers pulled ahead of the Lakers in the battle for the number-one playoff berth in the Western Conference"

<-> fall back

{v: get} communicate with a place or person ; establish communication with, as if by telephone

"Bill called this number and he got Mary"

"The operator couldn't get Kobe because of the earthquake"

{v: guess, infer} guess correctly ; solve by guessing

"He guessed the right number of beans in the jar and won the prize"

{v: increase} make bigger or more

"The boss finally increased her salary"

"The university increased the number of students it admitted"

<-> decrease

{v: invade, overrun, infest} occupy in large numbers or live on a host

"the Kudzu plant infests much of the South and is spreading to the North"

{v: letter bomb} send an explosive to

"The Unabomber letterbombed a number of individuals and institutions"

{v: massacre, slaughter, mow down} kill a large number of people indiscriminately

"The Hutus massacred the Tutsis in Rwanda"

{v: miscalculate, misestimate} calculate incorrectly

"I miscalculated the number of guests at the wedding"

{v: number, keep down} place a limit on the number of

{v: plump, go} give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number

"I plumped for the losing candidates"

{v: quantize, quantise} apply quantum theory to ; restrict the number of possible values of (a quantity) or states of (a physical entity or system) so that certain variables can assume only certain discrete magnitudes that are integral multiples of a common factor

"Quantize gravity"

{v: raise} multiply (a number) by itself a specified number of times: 8 is 2 raised to the power 3

{v: randomize, randomise} arrange in random order

"Randomize the order of the numbers"

{v: rev up, rev} increase the number of rotations per minute

"rev up an engine"

{v: tie, draw} finish a game with an equal number of points, goals, etc.

"The teams drew a tie"

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