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{adj: adopted, adoptive} acquired as your own by free choice
"my adopted state"
"an adoptive country"
<-> native

{adj: adopted} having been taken into a specific relationship
"an adopted child"

{adj: assumed, false, fictitious, fictive, pretended, put on, sham} adopted in order to deceive
"an assumed name"
"an assumed cheerfulness"
"a fictitious address"
"fictive sympathy"
"a pretended interest"
"a put-on childish voice"
"sham modesty"

{adj: degage, detached, uninvolved} showing lack of emotional involvement
"adopted a degage pose on the arm of the easy chair"- J.S.Perelman
"she may be detached or even unfeeling but at least she's not hypocritically effusive"
"an uninvolved bystander"

{adj: native} belonging to one by birth
"my native land"
"one's native language"
<-> adopted

{adj: natural} related by blood; not adopted
"natural parent"

{adj: trial-and-error} relating to solving problems by experience rather than theory
"they adopted a trial-and-error procedure"

{adj: working} adopted as a temporary basis for further work
"a working draft"
"a working hypothesis"

{adv: in toto} in entirety
"they bought the business in toto"
"in recommendations were adopted in toto"

{adv: unnaturally} not as might be expected
"The early Church not unnaturally adopted the position that failure to see the messianic character of his work was really caused by the people's own blindness"
<-> naturally

{adv: wholeheartedly} without reserve; without reservation
"he adopted wholeheartedly some of the policies that he had previously criticized"

{n: Aegean civilization, Aegean civilisation, Aegean culture} the prehistoric civilization on the islands in the Aegean sea and the surrounding countries
"by 800 BC the entire Aegean had adopted this style of pottery"

{n: Bloomfield, Leonard Bloomfield} United States linguist who adopted a behavioristic approach to linguistics (1887-1949)

{n: British capacity unit, Imperial capacity unit} a unit of measure for capacity officially adopted in the British Imperial System; British units are both dry and wet

{n: Cali cartel} a drug cartel that seized control of cocaine production in Colombia in 1993; adopted techniques used by terrorist organizations (small cells and sophisticated communications equipment and close ties with politicians etc.)

{n: Eighteenth Amendment} an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1920; prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages; repealed in 1932

{n: Fourteenth Amendment} an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1868; extends the guarantees of the Bill of Rights to the states as well as to the federal government

{n: Greenwich Meridian} the meridian passing through Greenwich; was internationally adopted as the earth's zero of longitude in 1884

{n: Gregorian calendar, New Style calendar} the solar calendar now in general use, introduced by Gregory XIII in 1582 to correct an error in the Julian calendar by suppressing 10 days, making Oct 5 be called Oct 15, and providing that only centenary years divisible by 400 should be leap years; it was adopted by Great Britain and the American colonies in 1752

{n: Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel} German philosopher whose three stage process of dialectical reasoning was adopted by Karl Marx (1770-1831)

{n: Mandarin, Mandarin Chinese, Mandarin dialect, Beijing dialect} the dialect of Chinese spoken in Beijing and adopted as the official language for all of China

{n: Nazification} social process of adopting (or being forced to adopt) Nazism
"as the process of Nazification spread they paid less attention to public opinion"

{n: Nerva, Marcus Cocceius Nerva} Emperor of Rome who introduced a degree of freedom after the repressive reign of Domitian; adopted Trajan as his successor (30-98)

{n: Nicaea} an ancient city in Bithynia; founded in the 4th century BC and flourished under the Romans; the Nicene Creed was adopted there in 325

{n: Nicene Creed} (Christianity) a formal creed summarizing Christian beliefs; first adopted in 325 and later expanded

{n: Revolutionary calendar} the calendar adopted by the first French Republic in 1793 and abandoned in 1805; dates were calculated from Sept. 22, 1792

{n: Serbia and Montenegro, Union of Serbia and Montenegro, Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Jugoslavija} a mountainous republic in southeastern Europe bordering on the Adriatic Sea; formed from two of the six republics that made up Yugoslavia until 1992; Serbia and Montenegro were known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 2003 when they adopted the name of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro

{n: Stalinization, Stalinisation} social process of adopting (or being forced to adopt) the policies and practices of Joseph Stalin
"many Hungarians refused to take part in the Stalinization of their country"

{n: The Star-Spangled Banner} a poem written by Francis Scott Key during the War of 1812 was set to music and adopted by Congress in 1931 as the national anthem of the United States

{n: Twentieth Amendment} an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1920; guarantees that no state can deny the right to vote on the basis of sex

{n: United States dry unit} a unit of measurement of capacity for dry substances officially adopted in the United States Customary System

{n: United States liquid unit} a liquid unit officially adopted in the United States Customary System

{n: Vulgate} the Latin edition of the Bible translated from Hebrew and Greek mainly by St. Jerome at the end of the 4th century; as revised in 1592 it was adopted as the official text for the Roman Catholic Church

{n: Waldenses, Vaudois} a Christian sect of dissenters that originated in southern France in the late 12th century adopted Calvinist doctrines in the 16th century

{n: adoptee} someone (such as a child) who has been adopted

{n: adoption} a legal proceeding that creates a parent-child relation between persons not related by blood; the adopted child is entitled to all privileges belonging to a natural child of the adoptive parents (including the right to inherit)

{n: ampere, amp, A} the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
"a typical household circuit carries 15 to 50 amps"

{n: candle, candela, cd, standard candle} the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; equal to 1/60 of the luminous intensity per square centimeter of a black body radiating at the temperature of 2,046 degrees Kelvin

{n: daylight-saving time, daylight-savings time, daylight saving, daylight savings} time during which clocks are set one hour ahead of local standard time; widely adopted during summer to provide extra daylight in the evenings

{n: emergency procedure} (medicine) a procedure adopted to meet an emergency (especially a medical emergency)

{n: euro} the basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999); in 2002 twelve European nations (Germany, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland, Greece, Austria, Finland) adopted the euro as their basic unit of money and abandoned their traditional currencies

{n: foster-parent, foster parent} a person who acts as parent and guardian for a child in place of the child's natural parents but without legally adopting the child

{n: gram molecule, mole, mol} the molecular weight of a substance expressed in grams; the basic unit of amount of substance adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites

{n: gross domestic product, GDP} measure of the United States economy adopted in 1991; the total market values of goods and services by produced by workers and capital within the United States borders during a given period (usually 1 year)

{n: indiction} a 15-year cycle used as a chronological unit in ancient Rome and adopted in some medieval kingdoms

{n: kelvin, K} the basic unit of thermodynamic temperature adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites

{n: kilogram, kg, kilo} one thousand grams; the basic unit of mass adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
"a kilogram is approximately 2.2 pounds"

{n: leadership, leaders} the body of people who lead a group
"the national leadership adopted his plan"

{n: legal code} a code of laws adopted by a state or nation
"a code of laws"

{n: mascot} a person or animal that is adopted by a team or other group as a symbolic figure

{n: master plan} a long-term outline of a project or government function
"the zoning board adopted a master plan for the new development"

{n: meter, metre, m} the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards)

{n: national anthem} a song formally adopted as the anthem for a nation

{n: nominalist} a philosopher who has adopted the doctrine of nominalism

{n: perestroika} an economic policy adopted in the former Soviet Union; intended to increase automation and labor efficiency but it led eventually to the end of central planning in the Russian economy

{n: policy} a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
"it was a policy of retribution"
"a politician keeps changing his policies"

{n: posturing} adopting a vain conceited posture

{n: radian, rad} the unit of plane angle adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; equal to the angle at the center of a circle subtended by an arc equal in length to the radius (approximately 57.295 degrees)

{n: second, sec, s} 1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites

{n: specialization, specialisation, specialty, speciality, specialism} the special line of work you have adopted as your career
"his specialization is gastroenterology"

{n: standard generalized markup language, SGML} (computer science) a standardized language for the descriptive markup of documents; a set of rules for using whatever markup vocabulary is adopted

{n: steradian, sr} the unit of solid angle adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites

{n: teddy boys} a British youth subculture that first appeared in the 1950s; mainly from unskilled backgrounds, they adopted a pseudo-Edwardian dress code and rock'n'roll music; proletarian and xenophobic, they were involved in race riots in the United Kingdom

{n: transvestism, transvestitism, cross dressing} the practice of adopting the clothes or the manner or the sexual role of the opposite sex

{n: tuck} (sports) a bodily position adopted in some sports (such as diving or skiing) in which the knees are bent and the thighs are drawn close to the chest

{v: adopt, take in} take into one's family
"They adopted two children from Nicaragua"

{v: assume, acquire, adopt, take on, take} take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect
"His voice took on a sad tone"
"The story took a new turn"
"he adopted an air of superiority"
"She assumed strange manners"
"The gods assume human or animal form in these fables"

{v: espouse, embrace, adopt, sweep up} take up the cause, ideology, practice, method, of someone and use it as one's own
"She embraced Catholocism"
"They adopted the Jewish faith"

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