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bacillus

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{adj: acid-fast} not easily decolorized by acid solutions; pertains to micro-organisms (especially the tubercle bacillus that causes tuberculosis)

{adj: bacillar, bacillary, bacilliform, baculiform, rod-shaped} formed like a bacillus

{adj: tubercular, tuberculous} constituting or afflicted with or caused by tuberculosis or the tubercle bacillus
"a tubercular child"
"tuberculous patients"
"tubercular meningitis"

{n: Bacillus anthracis, anthrax bacillus} a species of bacillus that causes anthrax in humans and in animals (cattle and swine and sheep and rabbits and mice and guinea pigs); can be used a bioweapon

{n: Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus globigii, grass bacillus, hay bacillus} a species of bacillus found in soil and decomposing organic matter; some strains produce antibiotics

{n: Corynebacterium diphtheriae, C. diphtheriae, Klebs-Loeffler bacillus} a species of bacterium that causes diphtheria

{n: Koch, Robert Koch} German bacteriologist who isolated the anthrax bacillus and the tubercle bacillus and the cholera bacillus (1843-1910)

{n: Mantoux test} tuberculin (a derivative of tubercle bacillus) is injected intradermally; a red area appearing 1-3 days later signifies an exposure (past or present) to tubercle bacilli and the need for further testing

{n: Salmonella enteritidis, Gartner's bacillus} a form of salmonella that causes gastroenteritis in humans

{n: Yersin, Alexandre Yersin, Alexandre Emile Jean Yersin} French bacteriologist born in Switzerland; was a student of Pasteur; discovered the plague bacillus (1863-1943)

{n: Yersinia pestis} a bacillus bacterium that causes the plague; aerosolized bacteria can be used as a bioweapon

{n: anthrax} a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia

{n: bacillus, B} aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil

{n: coccobacillus} a bacterial cell intermediate in morphology between a coccus and a bacillus; a very short bacillus

{n: comma bacillus, Vibrio comma} comma-shaped bacteria that cause Asiatic cholera

{n: cycloserine} an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus

{n: genus Bacillus} type genus of the Bacillaceae; includes many saprophytes important in decay of organic matter and a number of parasites

{n: leprosy bacillus, Mycobacterium leprae} cause of leprosy

{n: leprosy, Hansen's disease} chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae

{n: pulmonary anthrax, inhalation anthrax, anthrax pneumonia, ragpicker's disease, ragsorter's disease, woolsorter's pneumonia, woolsorter's disease} a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis; initial symptoms (chill and cough and dyspnea and rapid pulse) are followed by extreme cardiovascular collapse

{n: pyocyanase} a yellow-green mixture of antibiotics obtained from the bacillus of green pus

{n: shiga bacillus, Shigella dysentariae} a bacillus that causes dysentery

{n: tetanus antitoxin} antitoxin given for short-term immunization against tetanus in cases of possible exposure to the tetanus bacillus

{n: tetanus immunoglobulin, tetanus immune globulin} sterile solution of globulins derived from the blood plasma of a person who has been immunized for tetanus; provides short-term immunization against tetanus in cases of possible exposure to the tetanus bacillus

{n: tubercle bacillus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis} cause of tuberculosis

{n: typhoid bacillus, Salmonella typhosa, Salmonella typhi} a form of salmonella that causes typhoid fever


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