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defendant

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{adj: bailable} eligible for bail
"a bailable defendant"



{adj: biased, colored, coloured, one-sided, slanted} favoring one person or side over another
"a biased account of the trial"
"a decision that was partial to the defendant"

{adj: damaging, detrimental, prejudicial, prejudicious} (sometimes followed by `to') causing harm or injury
"damaging to career and reputation"
"the reporter's coverage resulted in prejudicial publicity for the defendant"

{adj: incontrovertible, irrefutable, positive} impossible to deny or disprove
"incontrovertible proof of the defendant's innocence"
"proof positive"
"an irrefutable argument"

{adj: unadvised} having received no information
"a defendant unadvised of her legal rights"

{adv: unemotionally} in an unemotional manner
"the defendant stared unemotionally at the victim's family"
<-> emotionally

{n: accused} a defendant in a criminal proceeding

{n: answer} the principle pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of `guilty' or `not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defenses or counterclaims

{n: bill of Particulars} the particular events to be dealt with in a criminal trial; advises the defendant and the court of the facts the defendant will be required to meet

{n: civil suit} a lawsuit alleging violations of civil law by the defendant

{n: codefendant, co-defendant} a defendant who has been joined together with one or more other defendants in a single action

{n: comparative negligence} (law) negligence allocated between the plaintiff and the defendant with a corresponding reduction in damages paid to the plaintiff

{n: competence hearing} a hearing to determine legal capacity (to determine whether the defendant can understand the charges and cooperate with a lawyer in preparing a defense)

{n: compulsory process} the right of a defendant to have a court use its subpoena power to compel the appearance of material witnesses before the court

{n: consolidation, integration} the act of combining into an integral whole
"a consolidation of two corporations"
"after their consolidation the two bills were passed unanimously"
"the defendants asked for a consolidation of the actions against them"

{n: contributory negligence} (law) behavior by the plaintiff that contributes to the harm resulting from the defendant's negligence
"in common law any degree of contributory negligence would bar the plaintiff from collecting damages"

{n: counterplea} a plaintiff's reply to a defendant's plea

{n: criminal record, record} a list of crimes for which an accused person has been previously convicted
"he ruled that the criminal record of the defendant could not be disclosed to the court"
"the prostitute had a record a mile long"

{n: criminal suit} a lawsuit alleging violations of criminal law by the defendant

{n: default judgment, default judgement, judgment by default, judgement by default} a judgment entered in favor of the plaintiff when the defendant defaults (fails to appear in court)

{n: defendant, suspect} a person or institution against whom an action is brought in a court of law; the person being sued or accused
<-> plaintiff

{n: defense attorney, defense lawyer} the lawyer representing the defendant

{n: defense, defence, defense team, defense lawyers} the defendant and his legal advisors collectively
"the defense called for a mistrial"
<-> prosecution

{n: defense, defence, denial, demurrer} a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him
"he gave evidence for the defense"
<-> prosecution

{n: dilatory plea} a plea that delays the action without settling the cause of action; it can challenge the jurisdiction or claim disability of the defendant etc. (such defenses are usually raised in the defendant's answer)

{n: divestiture} an order to an offending party to rid itself of property; it has the purpose of depriving the defendant of the gains of wrongful behavior
"the court found divestiture to be necessary in preventing a monopoly"

{n: dock} an enclosure in a court of law where the defendant sits during the trial

{n: double jeopardy} the prosecution of a defendant for a criminal offense for which he has already been tried; prohibited in the fifth amendment to the United States Constitution

{n: entrapment} a defense that claims the defendant would not have broken the law if not tricked into doing it by law enforcement officials

{n: evasive answer} (law) an answer by a defendant that fails to admit or deny the allegations set forth in the complaint

{n: insanity plea, plea of insanity} (criminal law) a plea in which the defendant claims innocence due to mental incompetence at the time

{n: litigant, litigator} (law) a party to a lawsuit; someone involved in litigation
"plaintiffs and defendants are both litigants"

{n: nolo contendere, non vult} (law) an answer of `no contest' by a defendant who does not admit guilt but that subjects him to conviction

{n: non prosequitur, non pros} a judgment entered in favor of the defendant when the plaintiff has not continued his action (e.g., has not appeared in court)

{n: partial verdict} (criminal law) a finding that the defendant is guilty of some charges but innocent of others

{n: plaintiff, complainant} a person who brings an action in a court of law
<-> defendant

{n: plea bargain, plea bargaining} (criminal law) a negotiation in which the defendant agrees to enter a plea of guilty to a lesser charge and the prosecutor agrees to drop a more serious charge
"his admission was part of a plea bargain with the prosecutor"
"plea bargaining helps to stop the courts becoming congested"

{n: plea} (law) a defendant's answer by a factual matter (as distinguished from a demurrer)

{n: preponderance, prevalence} a superiority in numbers or amount
"a preponderance of evidence against the defendant"

{n: probation} (law) a way of dealing with offenders without imprisoning them; a defendant found guilty of a crime is released by the court without imprisonment subject to conditions imposed by the court
"probation is part of the sentencing process"

{n: process-server} someone who personally delivers a process (a writ compelling attendance in court) or court papers to the defendant

{n: prosecution, criminal prosecution} the institution and conduct of legal proceedings against a defendant for criminal behavior
<-> defense

{n: prosecution} the lawyers acting for the state to put the case against the defendant
<-> defense

{n: public defender} a lawyer who represents indigent defendants at public expense

{n: rebutter, rebuttal} (law) a pleading by the defendant in reply to a plaintiff's surrejoinder

{n: rejoinder} (law) a pleading made by a defendant in response to the plaintiff's replication

{n: replication} (law) a pleading made by a plaintiff in reply to the defendant's plea or answer

{n: summons, process} a writ issued by authority of law; usually compels the defendant's attendance in a civil suit; failure to appear results in a default judgment against the defendant

{n: surrebutter, surrebuttal} (law) a pleading by the plaintiff in reply to the defendant's rebutter

{n: surrejoinder} (law) a pleading by the plaintiff in reply to the defendant's rejoinder

{n: trespass quare clausum fregit} the defendant unlawfully enters the land of the plaintiff

{v: answer} give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument)
"The defendant answered to all the charges of the prosecution"

{v: bind over} order a defendant to be placed in custody pending the outcome of a proceedings against him or her
"The defendant was bound over for trial"

{v: complain} make a formal accusation ; bring a formal charge
"The plaintiff's lawyer complained that he defendant had physically abused his client"

{v: confirm, corroborate, sustain, substantiate, support, affirm} establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts
"his story confirmed my doubts"
"The evidence supports the defendant"
<-> negate

{v: declare, adjudge, hold} declare to be
"She was declared incompetent"
"judge held that the defendant was innocent"

{v: defend, represent} be the defense counsel for someone in a trial
"Ms. Smith will represent the defendant"
<-> prosecute

{v: vouch in} summon into court to defend a lawsuit against another and to be made liable to pay any judgment secured for the plaintiff
"the defendant couches in his own insurance liability company to defend a negligence case aginst him"


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