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deficiency disease

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{n: AIDS, acquired immune deficiency syndrome} a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles

{n: Wernicke's encephalopathy} inflammatory degenerative disease of the brain caused by thiamine deficiency that is usually associated with alcoholism

{n: adenosine deaminase, ADA} an enzyme found in mammals that can catalyze the deamination of adenosine into inosine and ammonia
"ADA deficiency can lead to one form of severe combined immunodeficiency disease"
"the gene encoding ADA was one of the earlier human genes to be isolated and cloned for study"

{n: creeps} a disease of cattle and sheep attributed to a dietary deficiency; characterized by anemia and softening of the bones and a slow stiff gait

{n: deficiency disease} any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient (as a vitamin or mineral)

{n: hemophilia B, haemophilia B, Christmas disease} a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX

{n: myasthenia gravis, myasthenia} a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions

{n: pellagra, Alpine scurvy, mal de la rosa, mal rosso, maidism, mayidism, Saint Ignatius' itch} a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders; may be caused by malnutrition or alcoholism or other nutritional impairments

{n: rickets, rachitis} childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus

{n: von Willebrand's disease, angiohemophilia, vascular hemophilia} a form of hemophilia discovered by Erik von Willebrand; a genetic disorder that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait; characterized by a deficiency of the coagulation factor and by mucosal bleeding

{n: zinc deficiency} a deficiency caused by inadequate zinc in the diet or by liver disease or cystic fibrosis or other diseases

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