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{adj: Old} of a very early stage in development
"Old English is also called Anglo Saxon"
"Old High German is High German from the middle of the 9th to the end of the 11th century"



{adj: Saxon} of or relating to or characteristic of the early Saxons or Anglo-Saxons and their descendents (especially the English or Lowland Scots) and their language
"Saxon princes"
"for greater clarity choose a plain Saxon term instead of a latinate one"

{adj: alpha} early testing stage of a software or hardware product
"alpha version"

{adj: amphibiotic, semiaquatic} having an aquatic early or larval form and a terrestrial adult form

{adj: barren} not bearing offspring
"a barren woman"
"learned early in his marriage that he was sterile"

{adj: caducous, shed} shed at an early stage of development
"most amphibians have caducous gills"
"the caducous calyx of a poppy"
<-> persistent

{adj: collected, equanimous, poised, self-collected, self-contained, self-possessed} in full control of your faculties
"the witness remained collected throughout the cross-examination"
"perfectly poised and sure of himself"
"more self-contained and more dependable than many of the early frontiersmen"
"strong and self-possessed in the face of trouble"

{adj: cool} fashionable and attractive at the time; often skilled or socially adept
"he's a cool dude"
"that's cool"
"Mary's dress is really cool"
"it's not cool to arrive at a party too early"

{adj: crude, primitive, rude} belonging to an early stage of technical development; characterized by simplicity and (often) crudeness
"the crude weapons and rude agricultural implements of early man"
"primitive movies of the 1890s"
"primitive living conditions in the Appalachian mountains"

{adj: dead, lifeless} lacking animation or excitement or activity
"the party being dead we left early"
"it was a lifeless party until she arrived"

{adj: earlier, earliest} (comparative and superlative of `early') more early than; most early
"a fashion popular in earlier times"
"his earlier work reflects the influence of his teacher"
"Verdi's earliest and most raucous opera"

{adj: early, former, other} belonging to the distant past
"the early inhabitants of Europe"
"former generations"
"in other times"

{adj: earlyish} being somewhat early
"at an earlyish hour"

{adj: early} at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time
"early morning"
"an early warning"
"early diagnosis"
"an early death"
"took early retirement"
"an early spring"
"early varieties of peas and tomatoes mature before most standard varieties"
<-> middle, late

{adj: early} being or occurring at an early stage of development
"in an early stage"
"early forms of life"
"early man"
"an early computer"
<-> late

{adj: early} expected in the near future
"look for an early end to the negotiations"

{adj: early} of an early stage in the development of a language or literature
"the Early Hebrew alphabetical script is that used mainly from the 11th to the 6th centuries B.C."
"Early Modern English is represented in documents printed from 1476 to 1700"
<-> middle, late

{adj: early} very young
"at an early age"

{adj: embryonic, embryotic} in an early stage of development
"the embryonic government staffed by survivors of the massacre"
"an embryonic nation, not yet self-governing"

{adj: evangelistic} relating to or promoting the preaching and dissemination of the Christian gospel
"evangelistic fervor"
"the evangelistic concerns of the early church"

{adj: fleeceable, green, gullible} naive and easily deceived or tricked
"at that early age she had been gullible and in love"

{adj: funky, low-down} (of jazz) having the soulful feeling of early blues

{adj: habitual} made a norm or custom or habit
"his habitual practice was to eat an early supper"
"her habitual neatness"

{adj: huffy, mad, sore} roused to anger
"stayed huffy a good while"- Mark Twain
"she gets mad when you wake her up so early"
"mad at his friend"
"sore over a remark"

{adj: inconvenient} not conveniently timed
"an early departure is inconvenient for us"

{adj: late, later} at or toward an end or late period or stage of development
"the late phase of feudalism"
"a later symptom of the disease"
"later medical science could have saved the child"
<-> early

{adj: late} being or occurring at an advanced period of time or after a usual or expected time
"late evening"
"late 18th century"
"a late movie"
"took a late flight"
"had a late breakfast"
<-> early, middle

{adj: late} of a later stage in the development of a language or literature; used especially of dead languages
"Late Greek"
<-> early, middle

{adj: manipulative} skillful in influencing or controlling others to your own advantage
"the early manipulative techniques of a three-year-old child"

{adj: middle} between an earlier and a later period of time
"in the middle years"
"in his middle thirties"
<-> late, early

{adj: middle} of a stage in the development of a language or literature between earlier and later stages
"Middle English is the English language from about 1100 to 1500"
"Middle Gaelic"
<-> late, early

{adj: new, young} (of crops) harvested at an early stage of development; before complete maturity
"new potatoes"
"young corn"

{adj: nonconformist, unconformist} not conforming to some norm or socially approved pattern of behavior or thought
"their rabidly nonconformist deportment has made them legendary"
"the old stubborn nonconformist spirit of the early settlers"
<-> conformist

{adj: patristic, patristical} of or relating to the writings of the early church fathers

{adj: pledged, sworn} bound by or as if by an oath
"according to an early tradition became his sworn brother"
"sworn enemies"

{adj: preclinical, presymptomatic} of or relating to the early phases of a disease when accurate diagnosis is not possible because symptoms of the disease have not yet appeared

{adj: precocious} appearing or developing early
"precocious flowers appear before the leaves as in some species of magnolias"

{adj: precocious} characterized by or characteristic of exceptionally early development or maturity (especially in mental aptitude)
"a precocious child"
"a precocious achievement"
<-> retarded

{adj: predaceous, predacious, predatory} living by or given to victimizing others for personal gain
"predatory capitalists"
"a predatory, insensate society in which innocence and decency can prove fatal"- Peter S. Prescott
"a predacious kind of animal--the early geological gangster"- W.E.Swinton

{adj: premature, untimely} uncommonly early or before the expected time
"illness led to his premature death"
"alcohol brought him to an untimely end"

{adj: spring-flowering, early-flowering, spring-blooming, early-blooming, late-spring-blooming} of plants that bloom during the spring

{adj: unofficial} not officially established
"the early election returns are unofficial"

{adj: unreliable, undependable} not worthy of reliance or trust
"in the early 1950s computers were large and expensive and unreliable"
"an undependable assistant"
<-> dependable, reliable

{adj: wee} very early
"the wee hours of the morning"

{adj: well} wise or advantageous and hence advisable
"it would be well to start early"

{adj: young, immature} (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth
"young people"
<-> old

{adj: young} being in its early stage
"a young industry"
"the day is still young"

{adv: alliteratively} in an alliterative manner
"the early Norse poets wrote alliteratively"

{adv: early on, early} during an early stage
"early on in her career"

{adv: early, ahead of time, too soon} before the usual time or the time expected
"she graduated early"
"the house was completed ahead of time"
<-> late

{adv: early, betimes} in good time
"he awoke betimes that morning"

{adv: feelingly} with great feeling
"she spoke feelingly of her early childhood"
<-> unfeelingly

{adv: late, belatedly, tardily} later than usual or than expected
"the train arrived late"
"we awoke late"
"the children came late to school"
"notice came so tardily that we almost missed the deadline"
"I belatedly wished her a happy birthday"
<-> early

{adv: sooner, earlier} comparatives of `soon' or `early'
"Come a little sooner, if you can"
"came earlier than I expected"

{adv: unnaturally} not as might be expected
"The early Church not unnaturally adopted the position that failure to see the messianic character of his work was really caused by the people's own blindness"
<-> naturally

{n: Acadian} an early French settler in the Maritimes

{n: Acts of the Apostles, Acts} a New Testament book describing the development of the early church from Christ's Ascension to Paul's sojourn at Rome

{n: Akhenaton, Akhenaten, Ikhanaton, Amenhotep IV} early ruler of Egypt who rejected the old gods and replaced them with sun worship (died in 1358 BC)

{n: Algeria, Algerie, Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria} a republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea with a population that is predominantly Sunni Muslim; colonized by France in the 19th century but gained autonomy in the early 1960s

{n: Ambrose, Saint Ambrose, St. Ambrose} (Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan; the first Church Father born and raised in the Christian faith; composer of hymns; imposed orthodoxy on the early Christian church and built up its secular power; a saint and Doctor of the Church (340?-397)

{n: American pasqueflower, Eastern pasque flower, wild crocus, lion's beard, prairie anemone, blue tulip, American pulsatilla, Pulsatilla patens, Anemone ludoviciana} short hairy perennial with early spring blue-violet or lilac flowers; North America and Siberia

{n: Antioch, Antakya, Antakiya} a town in southern Turkey; ancient commercial center and capital of Syria; an early center of Christianity

{n: Apostle, Apostelic Father} any important early teacher of Christianity or a Christian missionary to a people

{n: Appalachians, Appalachian Mountains} a mountain range in the eastern United States extending from Quebec to the Gulf of Mexico; a historic barrier to early westward expansion of the United States

{n: Archaeornithes, subclass Archaeornithes} primitive reptile-like fossil birds of the Jurassic or early Cretaceous

{n: Arnold of Brescia} Italian theologian who censured the worldly possessions of monks and the temporal power of bishops and was condemned for dogmatic errors by the Second Lateran Council (early 12th century)

{n: Asbat al-Ansar, Band of Partisans} an extremist Palestinian Sunni group active in Lebanon in the early 1990s that advocates Salafism; responsible for murders and bombings; seeks to overthrow the Lebanese government and control Palestinian refugee camps; funded by al-Qaeda

{n: Ash Can, Ashcan school} early 20th-century United States painting; portrays realistic and sordid scenes of city life

{n: Augustine, Saint Augustine, St. Augustine, Augustine of Hippo} (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great fathers of the early Christian church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became bishop of Hippo Regius in North Africa; St. Augustine emphasized man's need for grace (354-430)

{n: Basket Maker} early Amerindians related to the Pueblo; known for skill in making baskets

{n: Belle Isle cress, early winter cress, land cress, American cress, American watercress, Barbarea verna, Barbarea praecox} of southwestern Europe; cultivated in Florida

{n: Beowulf} the legendary hero of an anonymous Old English epic poem composed in the early 8th century; he slays a monster and becomes king but dies fighting a dragon

{n: Bethlehem, Bayt Lahm, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Bethlehem-Judah} a small town near Jerusalem on the west bank of the Jordan River; early home of David and regarded as the place where Jesus was born

{n: Black Hand} a secret terrorist society in the United States early in the 20th century

{n: Bloomsbury Group} an inner circle of writers and artists and philosophers who lived in or around Bloomsbury early in the 20th century and were noted for their unconventional lifestyles

{n: Boethius, Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius} a Roman who was an early Christian philosopher and statesman who was executed for treason; Boethius had a decisive influence on medieval logic (circa 480-524)

{n: Boletus, genus Boletus} type genus of Boletaceae; genus of soft early-decaying pore fungi; some poisonous and some edible

{n: Boskop man} possible early Homo sapiens represented by a cranium found in the Transvaal; formerly considered a separate species

{n: Bush, Vannevar Bush} United States electrical engineer who designed an early analogue computer and who led the scientific program of the United States during World War II (1890-1974)

{n: Caloscypha fulgens} an early spring variety of discomycete with yellow to orange yellow lining of the cup

{n: Charleston} an American ballroom dance in syncopated rhythm; popular early in the 20th century

{n: Chiroptera, order Chiroptera} an old order dating to early Eocene: bats: suborder Megachiroptera (fruit bats); suborder Microchiroptera (insectivorous bats)

{n: Coca, Imogene Coca} United States comedienne who starred in early television shows with Sid Caesar (1908-2001)

{n: Collins, Wilkie Collins, William Wilkie Collins} English writer noted for early detective novels (1824-1889)

{n: Colossae} an ancient city in south western Phrygia in Asia Minor; site of an early Christian Church

{n: Cumberland Gap} a pass through the Cumberland Mountains between Virginia and Kentucky that early settlers used in order to move west

{n: DPT vaccine} abbreviation for combination vaccine against diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus toxoids; usually given in a series of injections in early childhood

{n: Democratic-Republican Party} a former major political party in the United States in the early 19th century; opposed the old Federalist party; favored a strict interpretation of the constitution in order to limit the powers of the federal government

{n: Dicotyledones, class Dicotyledones, Dicotyledonae, class Dicotyledonae, Magnoliopsida, class Magnoliopsida} comprising seed plants that produce an embryo with paired cotyledons and net-veined leaves; divided into six (not always well distinguished) subclasses (or superorders): Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae (considered primitive); Caryophyllidae (an early and distinctive offshoot); and three more or less advanced groups: Dilleniidae; Rosidae; Asteridae

{n: Elamite} a member of an ancient warlike people living in Elam east of Babylonia as early as 3000 BC

{n: Entoloma aprile} an agaric with a dark brown conical cap; fruits in early spring

{n: Ephesus} an ancient Greek city on the western shore of Asia Minor in what is now Turkey; site of the Temple of Artemis; was a major trading center and played an important role in early Christianity

{n: Erin} an early name of Ireland that is now used in poetry

{n: Euronithopoda, suborder Euronithopoda, euronithopod, Ornithopoda, suborder Ornithopoda} widespread group including duck-billed dinosaurs and their early relatives (hadrosaurs, trachodon and iguanodon)

{n: Eusebius, Eusebius of Caesarea} Christian bishop of Caesarea in Palestine; a church historian and a leading early Christian exegete (circa 270-340)

{n: Farmer-Labor Party} a former minor political party in the United States in the early 20th century

{n: Fechner's law, Weber-Fechner law} (psychophysics) the concept that the magnitude of a subjective sensation increases proportional to the logarithm of the stimulus intensity; based on early work by E. H. Weber

{n: Fechner, Gustav Theodor Fechner} German physicist who founded psychophysics; derived Fechner's law on the basis of early work by E. H. Weber (1801-1887)

{n: Federalist Party, American Federalist Party, Federal Party} a major political party in the United States in the early 19th century; founded by Alexander Hamilton; favored a strong centralized government

{n: French Canadian} a Canadian descended from early French settlers and whose native language is French

{n: Gatling gun} an early form of machine gun having several barrels that fire in sequence as they are rotated

{n: Godard, Jean Luc Godard} French film maker influenced by surrealism; early work explored the documentary use of film; noted for innovative techniques (born in 1930)

{n: Gray, Asa Gray} United States botanist who specialized in North American flora and who was an early supporter of Darwin's theories of evolution (1810-1888)

{n: Gyromitra gigas} a gyromitra with a large irregular stalk and fertile part that is yellow to brown and wrinkled; has early fruiting time

{n: High Renaissance} the artistic style of early 16th century painting in Florence and Rome; characterized by technical mastery and heroic composition and humanistic content

{n: Hinayana, Hinayana Buddhism} an offensive name for the early conservative Theravada Buddhism; it died out in India but survived in Sri Lanka and was taken from there to other regions of southwestern Asia

{n: Honduras, Republic of Honduras} a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; an early center of Mayan culture

{n: Howe, Elias Howe} United States inventor who built early sewing machines and won suits for patent infringement against other manufacturers (including Isaac M. Singer) (1819-1867)

{n: Hudson, Hudson River} a New York river; flows southward into New York Bay; explored by Henry Hudson early in the 17th century

{n: Ichyostega} early tetrapod amphibian found in Greenland

{n: Inca, Inka, Incan} a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s

{n: Indus, Indus River} an Asian river that rises in Tibet and flows through northern India and then southwest through Kashmir and Pakistan to the Arabian Sea
"the valley of the Indus was the site of an early civilization"

{n: Ischigualastia, genus Ischigualastia} early reptile found in Argentina

{n: Italian Renaissance} the early period when Italy was the center of the Renaissance

{n: Jacquemier's sign} a purplish discoloration of the mucous membrane of the vagina that occurs early in pregnancy

{n: Japanese lilac, Syringa villosa} lilac of northern China having ovate leaves and profuse early summer rose-lilac flowers

{n: Jerome, Saint Jerome, St. Jerome, Hieronymus, Eusebius Hieronymus, Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus} (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great fathers of the early Christian Church whose major work was his translation of the Scriptures from Hebrew and Greek into Latin (which became the Vulgate); a saint and Doctor of the Church (347-420)

{n: Langley, Samuel Pierpoint Langley} United States astronomer and aviation pioneer who invented the bolometer and contributed to the design of early aircraft (1834-1906)

{n: Leger, Fernand Leger} French painter who was an early cubist (1881-1955)

{n: Lepidodendrales, order Lepidodendrales} fossil arborescent plants arising during the early Devonian and conspicuous throughout the Carboniferous

{n: Link trainer} an early form of flight simulator

{n: Ludi Saeculares, secular games} the centennial rites and games of ancient Rome that marked the commencement of a new generation (100 years representing the longest life in a generation); observances may have begun as early as the 5th century BC and lasted well into the Christian era

{n: Luke, Gospel of Luke, Gospel According to Luke} one of the four Gospels in the New Testament; contains details of Jesus's birth and early life

{n: Marlowe, Philip Marlowe} tough cynical detective (one of the early detective heroes in American fiction) created by Raymond Chandler

{n: McIntosh} early-ripening apple popular in the northeastern United States; primarily eaten raw but suitable for applesauce

{n: Mirabeau, Comte de Mirabeau, Honore-Gabriel Victor Riqueti} French revolutionary who was prominent in the early days of the French Revolution (1749-1791)

{n: Mishna, Mishnah} the first part of the Talmud; a collection of early oral interpretations of the scriptures that was compiled about AD 200

{n: Mitchell, William Mitchell, Billy Mitchell} United States aviator and general who was an early advocate of military air power (1879-1936)

{n: Nazarene, Ebionite} a member of a group of Jews who (during the early history of the Christian Church) accepted Jesus as the Messiah; they accepted the Gospel According to Matthew but rejected the Epistles of St. Paul and continued to follow Jewish law and celebrate Jewish holidays; they were later declared heretic by the Church of Rome

{n: Nazarene} an early name for any Christian

{n: Neoplatonism} a system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism; its most distinctive doctrine holds that the first principle and source of reality transcends being and thought and is naturally unknowable
"Neoplatonism was predominant in pagan Europe until the 6th century"
"Neoplatonism was a major influence on early Christian writers and on later medieval and Renaissance thought and on Islamic philosophy"

{n: Nestorius} Syrian who was a Christian bishop and Patriarch of Constantinople in the early fifth century; one of the major heresies concerning the doctrine of the hypostasis of Christ was named after him (died in 451)

{n: Old Latin} the oldest recorded Latin (dating back at early as the 6th century B.C.)

{n: Olmec} a member of an early Mesoamerican civilization centered around Veracruz that flourished between 1300 and 400 BC

{n: Osage} a member of the Siouan people formerly living in Missouri in the valleys of the Missouri and Osage rivers; oil was found on Osage lands early in the 20th century

{n: Pap test, Papanicolaou test, smear test} a method of examining stained cells in a cervical smear for early diagnosis of uterine cancer

{n: Philippi} a city in ancient Macedonia that was important in early Christianity

{n: Pluteus, genus Pluteus, roof mushroom} a large genus of fungi belonging to the family Pluteaceae; the shape of the cap resembles a roof; often abundant early in the summer

{n: Pre-Raphaelite} a painter or writer dedicated to restoring early Renaissance ideals

{n: Proterochampsa, genus Proterochampsa} early archosaurian carnivore

{n: Puka Inti, Sol Rojo, Red Sun} a small but violent terrorist organization formed in Ecuador in the early 1990s; responsible for bombing several government buildings

{n: Romanticism, Romantic Movement} a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization
"Romanticism valued imagination and emotion over rationality"
<-> classicism

{n: Samnite} an Oscan-speaking member of an ancient people of Campania who clashed repeatedly with the early Romans

{n: Saurosuchus, genus Saurosuchus} early archosaurian carnivore

{n: Solo man} early man of late Pleistocene; skull resembles that of Neanderthal man but with smaller cranial capacity; found in Java

{n: Spielmeyer-Vogt disease, juvenile amaurotic idiocy} a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death

{n: Standish, Miles Standish, Myles Standish} English colonist in America; leader of the Pilgrims in the early days of the Plymouth colony (1584-1656)

{n: Tammany Hall, Tammany Society, Tammany} a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York City (late 1800's and early 1900's) seeking political control by corruption and bossism

{n: Tarbell, Ida Tarbell, Ida M. Tarbell, Ida Minerva Tarbell} United States writer remembered for her muckraking investigations into industries in the early 20th century (1857-1944)

{n: Tay-Sachs disease, Tay-Sachs, Sachs disease, infantile amaurotic idiocy} a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occuring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood

{n: Tell, William Tell} a Swiss patriot who lived in the early 14th century and who was renowned for his skill as an archer; according to legend an Austrian governor compelled him to shoot an apple from his son's head with his crossbow (which he did successfully without mishap)

{n: Tertullian, Quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus} Carthaginian theologian whose writing influenced early Christian theology (160-230)

{n: Thracian} a Thraco-Phrygian language spoken by the ancient people of Thrace but extinct by the early Middle Ages

{n: Tiffany glass} a kind of opalescent colored glass that was used in the early 1900s for stained-glass windows and lamps

{n: Vedic literature, Veda} (from the Sanskrit word for `knowledge') any of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit; traditionally believed to comprise the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads

{n: Venus} the second nearest planet to the sun; visible from Earth as an early `morning star' or an `evening star'
"before it was known that they were the same object the evening star was called Venus and the morning star was called Lucifer"

{n: Verpa bohemica, early morel} resembles a thimble on a finger; the surface of the fertile portion is folded into wrinkles that extend from the top down; fruiting begins in spring before the leaves are out on the trees

{n: Welsh onion, Japanese leek, Allium fistulosum} Asiatic onion with slender bulbs; used as early green onions

{n: Werdnig-Hoffman disease} autosomal recessive disease in which the degeneration of spinal nerve cells and brain nerve cells leads to atrophy of skeletal muscles and flaccid paralysis; death usually occurs in early childhood

{n: Willard, Emma Hart Willard} United States educator who was an early campaigner for higher education for women (1787-1870)

{n: Wollstonecraft, Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin} English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy and advocated equal education for women; mother of Mary Shelley (1759-1797)

{n: Wright, Frances Wright, Fanny Wright} United States early feminist (born in Scotland) (1795-1852)

{n: agreeableness, amenity} pleasantness resulting from agreeable conditions
"a well trained staff saw to the agreeableness of our accommodations"
"he discovered the amenities of reading at an early age"
<-> disagreeableness

{n: ambulation} walking about
"the hospital encouraged early ambulation"

{n: anal personality, anal retentive personality} (psychoanalysis) a personality characterized by meticulous neatness and suspicion and reserve; said to be formed in early childhood by fixation during the anal stage of development (usually as a consequence of toilet training)

{n: analytical cubism} the early phase of cubism

{n: antediluvian, antediluvian patriarch} any of the early patriarchs who lived prior to the Noachian deluge

{n: apostle} an ardent early supporter of a cause or reform
"an apostle of revolution"

{n: armillary sphere, armilla} a celestial globe consisting of metal hoops; used by early astronomers to determine the positions of stars

{n: astrolabe} an early form of sextant

{n: awakening, wakening, waking up} the act of waking
"it was an early awakening"
"it was the waking up he hated most"

{n: basilica} an early Christian church designed like a Roman basilica; or a Roman Catholic church or cathedral accorded certain privileges
"the church was raised to the rank of basilica"

{n: beginning, commencement, first, outset, get-go, start, kickoff, starting time, showtime, offset} the time at which something is supposed to begin
"they got an early start"
"she knew from the get-go that he was the man for her"
<-> middle, end

{n: bioscope} a kind of early movie projector

{n: birdcall, call, birdsong, song} the characteristic sound produced by a bird
"a bird will not learn its song unless it hears it at an early age"

{n: birthplace, cradle, place of origin, provenance, provenience} where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence
"the birthplace of civilization"

{n: black music, African-American music} music created by African-American musicians; early forms were songs that had a melodic line and a strong rhythmic beat with repeated choruses

{n: blastula, blastodermic vesicle} early stage of an embryo produced by cleavage of an ovum; a liquid-filled sphere whose wall is composed of a single layer of cells; during this stage (about eight days after fertilization) implantation in the wall of the uterus occurs

{n: blazing star, Mentzelia livicaulis, Mentzelia laevicaulis} biennial of southwestern United States having white stems and toothed leaves that is grown for its large pale yellow flowers that open in early morning

{n: bloodroot, puccoon, redroot, tetterwort, Sanguinaria canadensis} perennial woodland native of North America having a red root and red sap and bearing a solitary lobed leaf and white flower in early spring and having acrid emetic properties; rootstock used as a stimulant and expectorant

{n: bop, bebop} an early form of modern jazz (originating around 1940)

{n: caryophylloid dicot family} family of relatively early dicotyledonous plants including mostly flowers

{n: caryophylloid dicot genus} genus of relatively early dicotyledonous plants including mostly flowers

{n: cataphyll} a reduced or scarcely developed leaf at the start of a plant's life (i.e., cotyledons) or in the early stages of leaf development

{n: child prodigy, infant prodigy, wonder child} a prodigy whose talents are recognized at an early age
"Mozart was a child prodigy"

{n: chilliness, coolness, nip} the property of being moderately cold
"the chilliness of early morning"

{n: chorionic villus sampling, chorionic villus biopsy} a prenatal test to detect birth defects at an early stage of pregnancy; tissue from the chorionic villi is assayed

{n: cinnamon fern, fiddlehead, fiddlehead fern, Osmunda cinnamonea} New World fern having woolly cinnamon-colored spore-bearing fronds in early spring later surrounded by green fronds; the early uncurling fronds are edible

{n: class, form, grade} a body of students who are taught together
"early morning classes are always sleepy"

{n: clavichord} an early stringed instrument like a piano but with more delicate sound

{n: colon cancer} a malignant tumor of the colon; early symptom is bloody stools

{n: common buttercup, Ranunculus bulbosus} perennial Old World buttercup with golden to sulphur yellow flowers in late spring to early summer; naturalized in North America

{n: constancy, stability} the quality of being enduring and free from change or variation
"early mariners relied on the constancy of the trade winds"
<-> inconstancy

{n: cool} the quality of being at a refreshingly low temperature
"the cool of early morning"

{n: cowslip, paigle, Primula veris} early spring flower common in British isles having fragrant yellow or sometimes purple flowers

{n: crystal set} an early radio receiver using a crystal detector

{n: cuckoopint, lords-and-ladies, jack-in-the-pulpit, Arum maculatum} common European arum with lanceolate spathe and short purple spadix; emerges in early spring; source of a starch called arum

{n: culture, civilization, civilisation} a particular society at a particular time and place
"early Mayan civilization"

{n: dada, dadaism} a nihilistic art movement (especially in painting) that flourished in Europe early in the 20th century; based on irrationality and negation of the accepted laws of beauty

{n: daguerreotype} a photograph made by an early photographic process; the image was produced on a silver plate sensitized to iodine and developed in mercury vapor

{n: date, particular date} a particular but unspecified point in time
"they hoped to get together at an early date"

{n: day} the recurring hours when you are not sleeping (especially those when you are working)
"my day began early this morning"
"it was a busy day on the stock exchange"
"she called it a day and went to bed"

{n: detection, sensing} the perception that something has occurred or some state exists
"early detection can often lead to a cure"

{n: development} a state in which things are improving; the result of developing (as in the early part of a game of chess)
"after he saw the latest development he changed his mind and became a supporter"
"in chess your should take care of your development before moving your queen"

{n: dog days, canicule, canicular days} the hot period between early July and early September; a period of inactivity

{n: drought, drouth} a shortage of rainfall
"farmers most affected by the drought hope that there may yet be sufficient rain early in the growing season"

{n: dwarf tulip, Tulipa armena, Tulipa suaveolens} small early blooming tulip

{n: dwarf-white trillium, snow trillium, early wake-robin} a low perennial white-flowered trillium found in the southeastern United States

{n: earliness} quality of coming early or earlier in time
<-> lateness

{n: early bird} a person who arrives early before others do

{n: early bird} a person who gets up very early in the morning

{n: early coral root, pale coral root, Corallorhiza trifida} plant having clumps of nearly leafless pale yellowish to greenish stems bearing similarly colored flowers with white lower lips; northern New Mexico north through South Dakota and Washington to Alaska

{n: early spider orchid, Ophrys sphegodes} spring-blooming spider orchid having a flower with yellow or green or pink sepals and a broad brown velvety lip

{n: early warning radar} a radar that is part of an early warning system

{n: early warning system} a network of radar installations designed to detect enemy missiles or aircraft while there is still time to intercept them

{n: early-morning hour} an hour early in the morning

{n: ecumenical council} (early Christian church) one of seven gatherings of bishops from around the known world under the presidency of the Pope to regulate matters of faith and morals and discipline
"the first seven councils through 787 are considered to be ecumenical councils by both the Roman Catholic church and the Eastern Orthodox church but the next fourteen councils are considered ecumenical only by the Roman Catholic church"

{n: embryo, conceptus, fertilized egg} an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life

{n: embryology} the branch of biology that studies the formation and early development of living organisms

{n: evening} the early part of night (from dinner until bedtime) spent in a special way
"an evening at the opera"

{n: expressionism} an art movement early in the 20th century; the artist's subjective expression of inner experiences was emphasized; an inner feeling was expressed through a distorted rendition of reality

{n: eye opener} an alcoholic drink intended to wake one up early in the morning

{n: familial hypercholesterolemia} congenital disorder characterized by high levels of cholesterol and early development of atherosclerosis

{n: field-sequential color television, field-sequential color TV, field-sequential color television system, field-sequential color TV system} an early form of color TV in which successive fields are scanned in three primary colors

{n: foreman, chief, gaffer, honcho, boss} a person who exercises control over workers
"if you want to leave early you have to ask the foreman"

{n: foretaste} an early limited awareness of something yet to occur

{n: forewarning, premonition} an early warning about a future event

{n: forsythia} any of various early blooming oleaceous shrubs of the genus Forsythia; native to eastern Asia and southern Europe but widely cultivated for their branches of bright yellow bell-shaped flowers

{n: frostweed, frost-weed, frostwort, Helianthemum canadense, Crocanthemum canadensei} perennial of the eastern United States having early solitary yellow flowers followed by late petalless flowers; so-called because ice crystals form on it during first frosts

{n: gambit} a chess move early in the game in which the player sacrifices minor pieces in order to obtain an advantageous position

{n: genus Eoraptor} primitive theropod found in Argentina; early Triassic

{n: genus Herrerasaurus} primitive theropod found in Argentina; early Triassic

{n: genus Pisanosaurus} primitive ornithischian dinosaur found in Argentina; early Triassic

{n: genus Psittacosaurus} most primitive genus of horned dinosaurs; early Cretaceous

{n: goldilocks, goldilocks aster, Aster linosyris, Linosyris vulgaris} early-flowering perennial of southern and southeastern Europe with flower heads resembling those of goldenrod

{n: grape hyacinth} any of various early flowering spring hyacinths native to Eurasia having dense spikes of rounded blue flowers resembling bunches of small grapes

{n: green dragon, Arisaema dracontium} early spring-flowering plant of eastern North America resembling the related jack-in-the-pulpit but having digitate leaves, slender greenish yellow spathe and elongated spadix

{n: growing pains} problems that arise in enlarging an enterprise (especially in the early stages)

{n: hepatica, liverleaf} any of several plants of the genus Hepatica having three-lobed leaves and white or pinkish flowers in early spring; of moist and mossy subalpine woodland areas of north temperate regions

{n: hereditary cerebellar ataxia} nervous disorder of late childhood and early adulthood; characterized by ataxic gait and hesitating or explosive speech and nystagmus

{n: high tea} substantial early evening meal including tea

{n: honeymoon} the early (usually calm and harmonious) period of a relationship; business or political

{n: horsecar} an early form of streetcar that was drawn by horses

{n: horseless carriage} an early term for an automobile
"when automobiles first replaced horse-drawn carriages they were called horseless carriages"

{n: human chorionic gonadotropin, human chorionic gonadotrophin, HCG} hormone produced early in pregnancy by the placenta; detection in the urine and serum is the basis for one kind of pregnancy test

{n: hyperbetalipoproteinemia} a genetic disorder characterized by high levels of beta-lipoproteins and cholesterol; can lead to atherosclerosis at an early age

{n: iguanodon} massive herbivorous bipedal dinosaur with a long heavy tail; common in Europe and northern Africa; early Cretaceous period

{n: imagism} a movement by American and English poets early in the 20th century in reaction to Victorian sentimentality; used common speech in free verse with clear concrete imagery

{n: imprinting} a learning process in early life whereby species specific patterns of behavior are established

{n: induction} the act of bringing about something (especially at an early time)
"the induction of an anesthetic state"

{n: infancy, babyhood, early childhood} the early stage of growth or development

{n: iron horse} (c. 1840) an early term for a locomotive

{n: kerygma, kerugma} preaching the gospel of Christ in the manner of the early church

{n: koinonia} Christian fellowship or communion with God or with fellow Christians; said in particular of the early Christian community

{n: lignosae} a category in some early taxonomies

{n: lore, traditional knowledge} knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote
"early peoples passed on plant and animal lore through legend"

{n: magic lantern} an early form of slide projector

{n: male orchis, early purple orchid, Orchis mascula} Eurasian orchid with showy pink or purple flowers in a loose spike

{n: mandola} an early type of mandolin

{n: maple syrup urine disease, branched chain ketoaciduria} an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood

{n: matchlock} an early style of musket; a slow-burning wick would be lowered into a hole in the breech to ignite the charge

{n: megalosaur, megalosaurus} gigantic carnivorous bipedal dinosaur of the Jurassic or early Cretaceous in Europe

{n: mods} a youth subculture that began in London in the early 1960s; a working-class movement with highly stylized dress and short hair; listened to rhythm and blues music and travelled on motor scooters

{n: morning sickness} nausea early in the day; a characteristic symptom in the early months of pregnancy

{n: narthex} portico at the west end of an early Christian basilica or church

{n: oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy} a form of muscular dystrophy that usually begins between early adulthood and middle age and first affects muscles of the eyelid and throat; progresses slowly with swallowing problems common as the disease progresses; inheritance is autosomal dominant

{n: one-step} an early ballroom dance; precursor to the fox-trot

{n: onset, oncoming} the beginning or early stages
"the onset of pneumonia"

{n: oral personality} (psychoanalysis) a personality characterized either by generous optimism or aggressive and ambitious selfishness; formed in early childhood by fixation during the oral stage of development

{n: ordinary, ordinary bicycle} an early bicycle with a very large front wheel and small back wheel

{n: oriflamme} a red or orange-red flag used as a standard by early French kings

{n: orphanage, orphanhood} the condition of being a child without living parents
"his early orphanage shaped his character as an adult"

{n: patriarch} any of the early biblical characters regarded as fathers of the human race

{n: patristics, patrology} the writings of the early Church Fathers

{n: permanent tooth, adult tooth} any of the 32 teeth that replace the deciduous teeth of early childhood and (with luck) can last until old age

{n: picador} the horseman who pricks the bull with a lance early in the bullfight to goad the bull and to make it keep its head low

{n: planetesimal} one of many small solid celestial bodies thought to have existed at an early stage in the development of the solar system

{n: premature ejaculation} ejaculation during the early stages of sexual excitement or soon after the insertion of the penis into the vagina

{n: primitive, primitive person} a person who belongs to an early stage of civilization

{n: prodrome, prodroma} an early symptom that a disease is developing or that an attack is about to occur

{n: pumpkin} usually large pulpy deep-yellow round fruit of the squash family maturing in late summer or early autumn

{n: pyxie, pixie, pixy, Pyxidanthera barbulata} creeping evergreen shrub having narrow overlapping leaves and early white star-shaped flowers; of the pine barrens of New Jersey and the Carolinas

{n: regulation} (embryology) the ability of an early embryo to continue normal development after its structure has been somehow damaged or altered

{n: rumble seat} a folding outside seat in the back of some early cars

{n: sagebrush buttercup, Ranunculus glaberrimus} small early-flowering buttercup with shiny yellow flowers of western North America

{n: school day} any day on which school is in session
"go to bed early because tomorrow is a school day"

{n: set} any electronic equipment that receives or transmits radio or tv signals
"the early sets ran on storage batteries"

{n: siesta} a nap in the early afternoon (especially in hot countries)

{n: snow plant, Sarcodes sanguinea} a fleshy bright red saprophytic plant of the mountains of western North America that appears in early spring while snow is on the ground

{n: sour gum, black gum, pepperidge, Nyssa sylvatica} columnar tree of eastern North America having horizontal limbs and small leaves that emerge late in spring and have brilliant color in early fall

{n: spark lever} (on early automobiles) a lever mounted on the steering column and used to adjust the timing of the ignition

{n: spark transmitter} an early radio transmitter using a discharge across a spark gap as the source of its power

{n: spinet} early model harpsichord with only one string per note

{n: spinning jenny} an early spinning machine with multiple spindles

{n: spring peeper, Hyla crucifer} a small brown tree toad having a shrill call heard near wetlands of eastern United States and Canada in early spring

{n: stage} the theater as a profession (usually `the stage')
"an early movie simply showed a long kiss by two actors of the contemporary stage"

{n: start, head start} advantage gained by an beginning early (as in a race)
"with an hour's start he will be hard to catch"

{n: stylite} an early Christian ascetic who lived on top of high pillars

{n: supper} a light evening meal; served in early evening if dinner is at midday or served late in the evening at bedtime

{n: tarpan, Equus caballus gomelini} European wild horse extinct since the early 20th century

{n: totipotency, totipotence} the ability of a cell to give rise to unlike cells and so to develop a new organism or part
"animal cells lose their totipotency at an early stage in embryonic development"

{n: tree onion, Egyptian onion, top onion, Allium cepa viviparum} type of perennial onion grown chiefly as a curiosity or for early salad onions; having bulbils that replace the flowers

{n: trombiculiid} mite that as nymph and adult feeds on early stages of small arthropods but whose larvae are parasitic on terrestrial vertebrates

{n: trophoblast} the membrane that forms the wall of the blastocyst in early development; aids implantation in the uterine wall
"after implantation of the blastocyst in the uterine wall the trophoblast divides into two layers, the chorion and the placenta"

{n: turkey trot} an early ragtime one-step

{n: type I diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM, juvenile-onset diabetes, juvenile diabetes, growth-onset diabetes, ketosis-prone diabetes, ketoacidosis-prone diabetes, autoimmune diabetes} severe diabetes mellitus with an early onset; characterized by polyuria and excessive thirst and increased appetite and weight loss and episodic ketoacidosis; diet and insulin injections are required to control the disease

{n: utahraptor, superslasher} large (20-ft) and swift carnivorous dinosaur having an upright slashing claw 15 inches long on each hind foot; early Cretaceous

{n: velocipede} any of several early bicycles with pedals on the front wheel

{n: vespers, evensong} the sixth of the seven canonical hours of the divine office; early evening; now often made a public service on Sundays

{n: waker} a person who awakes
"an early waker"

{n: winter aconite, Eranthis hyemalis} small Old World perennial herb grown for its bright yellow flowers which appear in early spring often before snow is gone

{n: winter heath, spring heath, Erica carnea} dwarf European shrub with very early blooming bell-shaped red flowers

{n: winter mushroom, Flammulina velutipes} an edible agaric that is available in early spring or late fall when few other mushrooms are; has a viscid smooth orange to brown cap and a velvety stalk that turns black in maturity and pallid gills; often occur in clusters

{n: wire recorder} an early type of magnetic recorder using iron wire

{n: wonder boy, golden boy} a man who is unusually successful at an early age

{n: workplace, work} a place where work is done
"he arrived at work early today"

{n: yaws, frambesia, framboesia} an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages; marked by red skin eruptions and ulcerating lesions

{n: youth, early days} an early period of development
"during the youth of the project"

{n: youth} early maturity; the state of being young or immature or inexperienced

{v: annotate, footnote} add explanatory notes to or supply with critical comments
"The scholar annotated the early edition of a famous novel"

{v: begin} begin to speak, understand, read, and write a language
"She began Russian at an early age"
"We started French in fourth grade"

{v: birdnest, bird-nest} gather birdnests
"They went birdnesting in the early morning"

{v: break bread} have a meal, usually with company
"The early Christian desciples broke bread together"

{v: breakfast} eat an early morning meal
"We breakfast at seven"

{v: categorize, categorise} place into or assign to a category
"Children learn early on to categorize"

{v: come} come to pass ; arrive, as in due course
"The first success came three days later"
"It came as a shock"
"Dawn comes early in June"

{v: decolonize, decolonise} grant independence to (a former colony)
"West Africa was decolonized in the early 1960's"
<-> colonise, colonize

{v: despond} lose confidence or hope ; become dejected
"The supporters of the Presidential candidate desponded when they learned the early results of the election"

{v: forewarn, previse} warn in advance or beforehand ; give an early warning
"I forewarned him of the trouble that would arise if he showed up at his ex-wife's house"

{v: fruit} bear fruit
"the trees fruited early this year"

{v: get down, begin, get, start out, start, set about, set out, commence} take the first step or steps in carrying out an action
"We began working at dawn"
"Who will start?"
"Get working as soon as the sun rises!"
"The first tourists began to arrive in Cambodia"
"He began early in the day"
"Let's get down to work now"
<-> end

{v: get up, turn out, arise, uprise, rise} get up and out of bed
"I get up at 7 A.M. every day"
"They rose early"
"He uprose at night"
<-> go to bed, turn in

{v: head} form a head or come or grow to a head
"The wheat headed early this year"

{v: intend, mean, think} have in mind as a purpose
"I mean no harm"
"I only meant to help you"
"She didn't think to harm me"
"We thought to return early that night"

{v: pink, ping, knock} sound like a car engine that is firing too early
"the car pinged when I put in low-octane gasoline"
"The car pinked when the ignition was too far retarded"

{v: ramify, branch} grow and send out branches or branch-like structures
"these plants ramify early and get to be very large"

{v: seed} distribute (players or teams) so that outstanding teams or players will not meet in the early rounds

{v: seed} help (an enterprise) in its early stages of development by providing seed money

{v: set, go down, go under} disappear beyond the horizon
"the sun sets early these days"
<-> rise

{v: sprout, stock} put forth and grow sprouts or shoots
"the plant sprouted early this year"

{v: turn} change color
"In Vermont, the leaves turn early"


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