f number
{adj: a few, a couple of} more than one but indefinitely small in number
"a few roses"
"a couple of roses"
{adj: acatalectic} (verse) metrically complete; especially having the full number of syllables in the final metrical foot
<-> catalectic, hypercatalectic
{adj: all} quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class
"we sat up all night"
"ate all the food"
"all men are mortal"
"all parties are welcome"
<-> some, no
{adj: ascertained, discovered, observed} discovered or determined by scientific observation
"variation in the ascertained flux depends on a number of factors"
"the discovered behavior norms"
"discovered differences in achievement"
"no explanation for the observed phenomena"
{adj: considerable} large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree
"a considerable quantity"
"the economy was a considerable issue in the campaign"
"went to considerable trouble for us"
"spent a considerable amount of time on the problem"
<-> inconsiderable
{adj: determinate} precisely determined or limited or defined; especially fixed by rule or by a specific and constant cause
"a determinate distance"
"a determinate number"
"determinate variations in animals"
<-> indeterminate
{adj: double} used of flowers having more than the usual number of petals in crowded or overlapping arrangements
"double chrysanthemums have many rows of petals and are usually spherical or hemispherical"
<-> single
{adj: dual} a grammatical number category referring to two items or units as opposed to one item (singular) or more than two items (plural)
"ancient Greek had the dual form but it has merged with the plural form in modern Greek"
{adj: eighty-fifth, 85th} the ordinal number of eighty-five in counting order
{adj: faced} having a face or facing especially of a specified kind or number; often used in combination
"a neatly faced terrace"
<-> faceless
{adj: fewer} (comparative of `few' used with count nouns) quantifier meaning a smaller number of
"fewer birds came this year"
"the birds are fewer this year"
"fewer trains were late"
<-> more
{adj: fewest} (superlative of `few' used with count nouns and usually preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the smallest in number
"the fewest birds in recent memory"
<-> most
{adj: few} a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `a'; a small but indefinite number
"a few weeks ago"
"a few more wagons than usual"
"an invalid's pleasures are few and far between"
"few roses were still blooming"
"few women have led troops in battle"
<-> many
{adj: fiftieth, 50th} the ordinal number of fifty in counting order
{adj: fifty-fifth, 55th} the ordinal number of fifty-five in counting order
{adj: finite} of verbs; relating to forms of the verb that are limited in time by a tense and (usually) show agreement with number and person
<-> infinite
{adj: five-hundredth, 500th} the ordinal number of five hundred in counting order
{adj: fixed} (of a number) having a fixed and unchanging value
{adj: foliate} (often used as a combining form) having or resembling a leaf or having a specified kind or number of leaves
"`foliate' is combined with the prefix `tri' to form the word `trifoliate'"
{adj: foliolate} (often used as a combining form) having leaflets (compound leaves) or a specified kind or number of leaflets
"`foliolate' is combined with the prefix `bi' to form the word `bifoliolate'"
{adj: fortieth, 40th} the ordinal number of forty in counting order
{adj: forty-eighth, 48th} the ordinal number of forty-eight in counting order
{adj: forty-fifth, 45th} the ordinal number of forty-five in counting order
{adj: forty-first, 41st} the ordinal number of forty-one in counting order
{adj: forty-fourth, 44th} the ordinal number of forty-four in counting order
{adj: forty-ninth, 49th} the ordinal number of forty-nine in counting order
{adj: forty-second, 42nd} the ordinal number of forty-two in counting order
{adj: forty-seventh, 47th} the ordinal number of forty-seven in counting order
{adj: forty-sixth, 46th} the ordinal number of forty-six in counting order
{adj: forty-third, 43rd} the ordinal number of forty-three in counting order
{adj: four-hundredth, 400th} the ordinal number of four hundred in counting order
{adj: heavy} unusually great in degree or quantity or number
"heavy taxes"
"a heavy fine"
"heavy casualties"
"heavy losses"
"heavy rain"
"heavy traffic"
<-> light
{adj: hundred-and-fifteenth, 115th} the ordinal number of one hundred fifteen in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-fifth, 105th} the ordinal number of one hundred five in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-fiftieth, 150th} the ordinal number of one hundred fifty in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-fifty-fifth, 155th} the ordinal number of one hundred fifty-five in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-first, 101st} the ordinal number of one hundred one in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-fortieth, 140th} the ordinal number of one hundred forty in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-forty-fifth, 145th} the ordinal number of one hundred forty-five in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-ninetieth, 190th} the ordinal number of one hundred eighty-five in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-seventy-fifth, 175th} the ordinal number of one hundred seventy-five in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-sixty-fifth, 165th} the ordinal number of one hundred sixty-five in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-thirty-fifth, 135th} the ordinal number of one hundred thirty-five in counting order
{adj: hundred-and-twenty-fifth, 125th} the ordinal number of one hundred twenty-five in counting order
{adj: indeterminate, undetermined} not precisely determined or established; not fixed or known in advance
"of indeterminate age"
"a zillion is a large indeterminate number"
"an indeterminate point of law"
"the influence of environment is indeterminate"
"an indeterminate future"
<-> determinate
{adj: infinite, non-finite} of verbs; having neither person nor number nor mood (as a participle or gerund or infinitive)
"infinite verb form"
<-> finite
{adj: large, big} above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent
"a large city"
"set out for the big city"
"a large sum"
"a big (or large) barn"
"a large family"
"big businesses"
"a big expenditure"
"a large number of newspapers"
"a big group of scientists"
"large areas of the world"
<-> little, small
{adj: legged} having legs of a specified kind or number
"four-legged animals"
"a peg-legged man"
<-> legless
{adj: light} not great in degree or quantity or number
"a light sentence"
"a light accent"
"casualties were light"
"light snow was falling"
"light misty rain"
"light smoke from the chimney"
<-> heavy
{adj: many} a quantifier that can be used with count nouns and is often preceded by `as' or `too' or `so' or `that'; amounting to a large but indefinite number
"many temptations"
"the temptations are many"
"a good many"
"a great many"
"many directions"
"take as many apples as you like"
"too many clouds to see"
"never saw so many people"
<-> few
{adj: median, average} relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values)
"the median value of 17, 20, and 36 is 20"
"the median income for the year was $15,000"
{adj: more} (comparative of `many' used with count nouns) quantifier meaning greater in number
"a hall with more seats"
"we have no more bananas"
"more than one"
<-> fewer
{adj: most} (superlative of `many' used with count nouns and often preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the greatest in number
"who has the most apples?"
"most people like eggs"
"most fishes have fins"
<-> fewest
{adj: nestled, snuggled} drawn or pressed close to someone or something for or as if for affection or protection
"saw a number of small houses nestled against the hillside"
"like a baby snuggled in its mother's arms"
{adj: ninety-fifth, 95th} the ordinal number of ninety-five in counting order
{adj: numerous} amounting to a large indefinite number
"numerous times"
"the family was numerous"
{adj: prime} of or relating to or being an integer that cannot be factored into other integers
"prime number"
{adj: scarce} deficient in quantity or number compared with the demand
"fresh vegetables were scarce during the drought"
<-> abundant
{adj: seventy-fifth, 75th} the ordinal number of seventy-five in counting order
{adj: sixty-fifth, 65th} the ordinal number of sixty-five in counting order
{adj: sixty-fourth, 64th} the ordinal number of sixty-four in counting order
{adj: some} quantifier; used with either mass nouns or plural count nouns to indicate an unspecified number or quantity
"have some milk"
"some roses were still blooming"
"having some friends over"
"some apples"
"some paper"
<-> no, all
{adj: some} relatively many but unspecified in number
"they were here for some weeks"
"we did not meet again for some years"
{adj: thirty-fifth, 35th} the ordinal number of thirty-five in counting order
{adj: thirty-fourth, 34th} the ordinal number of thirty-four in counting order
{adj: toll-free} having no toll levied for its use
"a toll-free road"
"a toll-free telephone number"
{adj: triskaidekaphobic} suffering from triskaidekaphobia (abnormal fear of the number 13)
{adj: uncritical, noncritical} marked by disregard for critical standards or procedures
"news sources reflected uncritical estimates of the number of juvenile addicts"
<-> critical
{adv: day in day out, day after day} for an indefinite number of successive days
{adv: et al., et al, et alii, et aliae, et alia} and others (used as an abbreviation of `et alii' (masculine plural) or `et aliae' (feminine plural) or `et alia' (neutral plural) when referring to a number of people)
"the data reported by Smith et al."
{adv: full-time} for the standard number of hours
"she works full-time"
<-> half-time
{adv: half-time, part-time} for less than the standard number of hours
"he works part-time"
<-> full-time
{adv: week after week} for an indefinite number of successive weeks
{n: Artiodactyla, order Artiodactyla} an order of hooved mammals of the subclass Eutheria (including pigs and peccaries and hippopotami and members of the suborder Ruminantia) having an even number of functional toes
{n: Aspleniaceae, family Aspleniaceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems; includes genera Asplenium, Pleurosorus, Schaffneria
{n: Benford's law} a law used by auditors to identify fictitious populations of numbers; applies to any population of numbers derived from other numbers
"Benford's law holds that 30% of the time the first non-zero digit of a derived number will be 1 and it will be 9 only 4.6% of the time"
{n: Bernoulli's law, law of large numbers} (statistics) law stating that a large number of items taken at random from a population will (on the average) have the population statistics
{n: Blechnaceae, family Blechnaceae} one of a number of families into which the family Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems; includes genera Blechnum, Doodia, Sadleria, Stenochlaena, and Woodwardia
{n: California Personality Inventory, CPI} a self-report personality inventory originally derived from the MMPI; consists of several hundred yes-no questions and yields scores on a number of scales including dominance and self acceptance and self control and socialization and achievement etc.
{n: Cryptogrammataceae, family Cryptogrammataceae} one of a number of families into which the family Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems
{n: Davalliaceae, family Davalliaceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems
{n: Dennstaedtiaceae, family Dennstaedtiaceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems
{n: Dewey decimal classification, Dewey decimal system, decimal system of classification} a system used by libraries to classify nonfictional publications into subject categories; the subject is indicated by a three-digit numeral and further specification is given by numerals following a decimal point; publications are shelved by number
{n: Dryopteridaceae, family Dryopteridaceae, Athyriaceae, family Athyriaceae} alternative names for one of a number of families into which the family Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems
{n: Fermat, Pierre de Fermat} French mathematician who founded number theory; contributed (with Pascal) to the theory of probability (1601-1665)
{n: Fibonacci number} a number in the Fibonacci sequence
{n: Fibonacci sequence} a sequence of numbers in which each number equals the sum of the two preceding numbers
{n: Fresnel lens} lens composed of a number of small lenses arranged to make a lightweight lens of large diameter and short focal length
{n: Fury, Eumenides, Erinyes} (classical mythology) the hideous snake-haired monsters (usually three in number) who pursued unpunished criminals
{n: Mach, Ernst Mach} Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
{n: Numbers, Book of Numbers} the fourth book of the Old Testament; contains a record of the number of Israelites who followed Moses out of Egypt
{n: Oleandraceae, family Oleandraceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems
{n: Pteridaceae, family Pteridaceae} one of a number of families into which the family Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems; Pteridaceae is itself in turn sometimes further subdivided
{n: Rutherford atom} first modern concept of atomic structure; all of the positive charge and most of the mass of the atom are contained in a compact nucleus; a number of electrons (equal to the atomic number) occupy the rest of the volume of the atom and neutralize the positive charge
{n: Vittariaceae, family Vittariaceae} one of a number of families into which Polypodiaceae has been subdivided in some classification systems: genus Vittaria
{n: acatalectic} (prosody) a line of verse that has the full number of syllables
{n: acceptance sampling} a statistical procedure for accepting or rejecting a batch of merchandise or documents; involves determining the maximum number of defects discovered in a sample before the entire batch is rejected
{n: accuracy} (mathematics) the number of significant figures given in a number
"the atomic clock enabled scientists to measure time with much greater accuracy"
{n: actinium, Ac, atomic number 89} a radioactive element of the actinide series; found in uranium ores
{n: aluminum, aluminium, Al, atomic number 13} a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
{n: antimony, Sb, atomic number 51} a metallic element having four allotropic forms; used in a wide variety of alloys; found in stibnite
{n: arc cosine, arccosine, arccos, inverse cosine} the inverse function of the cosine; the angle that has a cosine equal to a given number
{n: arc cotangent, arccotangent, inverse cotangent} the inverse function of the cotangent; the angle that has a cotangent equal to a given number
{n: arc secant, arcsecant, arcsec, inverse secant} the inverse function of the secant; the angle that has a secant equal to a given number
{n: arc sine, arcsine, arcsin, inverse sine} the inverse function of the sine; the angle that has a sine equal to a given number
{n: arc tangent, arctangent, arctan, inverse tangent} the inverse function of the tangent; the angle that has a tangent equal to a given number
{n: arithmetic mean, first moment, expectation, expected value} the sum of the values of a random variable divided by the number of values
{n: arity} the number of arguments that a function can take
{n: army} a large number of people united for some specific purpose
{n: arsenic, As, atomic number 33} a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
{n: average cost} total cost for all units bought (or produced) divided by the number of units
{n: baluster} one of a number of closely spaced supports for a railing
{n: bank identification number, BIN, ABA transit number} an identification number consisting of a two-part code assigned to banks and savings associations; the first part shows the location and the second identifies the bank itself
{n: barium, Ba, atomic number 56} a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite
{n: batch, deal, flock, good deal, great deal, hatful, heap, lot, mass, mess, mickle, mint, muckle, peck, pile, plenty, pot, quite a little, raft, sight, slew, spate, stack, tidy sum, wad, whole lot, whole slew} (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent
"a batch of letters"
"a deal of trouble"
"a lot of money"
"he made a mint on the stock market"
"it must have cost plenty"
{n: billion, one million million, 1000000000000} the number that is represented as a one followed by 12 zeros; in the United Kingdom the usage followed in the United States is frequently seen
{n: billion, one thousand million, 1000000000} the number that is represented as a one followed by 9 zeros
{n: binomial distribution, Bernoulli distribution} a theoretical distribution of the number of successes in a finite set of independent trials with a constant probability of success
{n: birth control, birth prevention, family planning} limiting the number of children born
{n: bismuth, Bi, atomic number 83} a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by-product from ores of other metals
{n: blood pressure} the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health
"adult blood pressure is considered normal at 120/80 where the first number is the systolic pressure and the second is the diastolic pressure"
{n: boron, B, atomic number 5} a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder
{n: bromine, Br, atomic number 35} a nonmetallic largely pentavalent heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water
{n: calcium, Ca, atomic number 20} a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
{n: carbohydrate, saccharide, sugar} an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
{n: carbon, C, atomic number 6} an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
{n: cardiac glycoside, cardiac glucoside} obtained from a number of plants and used to stimulate the heart in cases of heart failure
{n: case-fatality proportion} the number of cases of a disease ending in death divided by the number of cases of the disease; usually expressed as a percentage or as the number of deaths per 1000 cases
{n: cerium, Ce, atomic number 58} a ductile grey metallic element of the lanthanide series; used in lighter flints; the most abundant of the rare-earth group
{n: chip, microchip, micro chip, silicon chip} electronic equipment consisting of a small crystal of a silicon semiconductor fabricated to carry out a number of electronic functions in an integrated circuit
{n: closed-end fund, closed-end investment company} a regulated investment company that issues a fixed number of shares which are listed on a stock market
{n: cobalt, Co, atomic number 27} a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition
{n: complement, full complement} number needed to make up a whole force
"a full complement of workers"
{n: complement} a complete number or quantity
"a full complement"
{n: complex number, complex quantity, imaginary number, imaginary} (mathematics) a number of the form a+bi where a and b are real numbers and i is the square root of -1
{n: constant} a number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context
"the velocity of light is a constant"
{n: contagion, infection} the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people
"a contagion of mirth"
"the infection of his enthusiasm for poetry"
{n: contract, contract bridge} a variety of bridge in which the bidder receives points toward game only for the number of tricks he bid
{n: countdown} counting backward from an arbitrary number to indicate the time remaining before some event (such as launching a space vehicle)
{n: counterpart, opposite number, vis-a-vis} a person or thing having the same function or characteristics as another
{n: couple} a small indefinite number
"he's coming for a couple of days"
{n: craps} a gambling game played with two dice; a first throw of 7 or 11 wins and a first throw of 2, 3, or 12 loses and a first throw of any other number must be repeated to win before a 7 is thrown, which loses the bet and the dice
{n: crore} the number that is represented as a one followed by 7 zeros; ten million
{n: crowd} a large number of things or people considered together
"a crowd of insects assembled around the flowers"
{n: death toll} the number of deaths resulting from some particular cause such as an accident or a battle or a natural disaster
{n: degree of freedom} one of the minimum number of parameters needed to describe the state of a physical system
{n: dial telephone, dial phone} a telephone with a dial for registering the number to be called
{n: dial, telephone dial} a disc on a telephone that is rotated a fixed distance for each number called
{n: differential blood count} counting the number of specific types of white blood cells found in 1 cubic millimeter of blood; may be included as part of a complete blood count
{n: dollar mark, dollar sign} a mark ($) written before a number to indicate that it stands for the number of dollars
{n: driver, number one wood} a golf club (a wood) with a near vertical face that is used for hitting long shots from the tee
{n: dysprosium, Dy, atomic number 66} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; forms compounds that are highly magnetic
{n: earned run average, ERA} (baseball) a measure of a pitcher's effectiveness; calculated as the average number of earned runs allowed by the pitcher for every nine innings pitched
{n: eight, 8, VIII, eighter, eighter from Decatur, octad, ogdoad, octonary, octet} the cardinal number that is the sum of seven and one
{n: eighty, 80, LXXX, fourscore} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and eight
{n: empirical formula} a chemical formula showing the ratio of elements in a compound rather than the total number of atoms
{n: enallage} a substitution of part of speech or gender or number or tense etc. (e.g., editorial `we' for `I')
{n: equivalent-binary-digit factor} the average number of binary digits needed to express one radix digit in a numeration system that is not binary; on the average a number that can be expressed in N decimal digits takes 3.3N binary digits
{n: even-toed ungulate, artiodactyl, artiodactyl mammal} placental mammal having hooves with an even number of functional toes on each foot
<-> odd-toed ungulate
{n: factor analysis} any of several methods for reducing correlational data to a smaller number of dimensions or factors; beginning with a correlation matrix a small number of components or factors are extracted that are regarded as the basic variable that account for the interrelations observed in the data
{n: factor} anything that contributes causally to a result
"a number of factors determined the outcome"
{n: fall, downfall} a sudden decline in strength or number or importance
"the fall of the House of Hapsburg"
<-> rise
{n: fantan, fan tan} a Chinese gambling game; a random number of counters are placed under a bowl and you gamble on how many will be left (0, 1, 2, or 3 modulo 4)
{n: fatality, human death} a death resulting from an accident or a disaster
"a decrease in the number of automobile fatalities"
{n: federation} the act of constituting a political unity out of a number of separate states or colonies or provinces so that each member retains the management of its internal affairs
{n: feria} a weekday on which no festival or holiday is celebrated
"in the middle ages feria was used with a prefixed ordinal number to designate the day of the week, so `secunda feria' meant Monday, but Sunday and Saturday were always called by their names, Dominicus and Sabbatum, and so feria came to mean an ordinary weekday"
{n: fermium, Fm, atomic number 100} a radioactive transuranic metallic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons
{n: fewness} the quality of being small in number
{n: few} an indefinite but relatively small number
"they bought a case of beer and drank a few"
{n: fielding average} (baseball) the percentage of times a fielder handles a batted ball properly; number of assists and putouts divided by the number of chances
{n: fifteen, 15, XV} the cardinal number that is the sum of fourteen and one
{n: fifty, 50, L} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and five
{n: first, number one, number 1} the first element in a countable series
"the first of the month"
{n: first, number one} the first or highest in an ordering or series
"He wanted to be the first"
{n: five hundred, 500, D} the cardinal number that is the product of one hundred and five
{n: five, 5, V, cinque, quint, quintet, fivesome, quintuplet, pentad, fin, Phoebe, Little Phoebe} the cardinal number that is the sum of four and one
{n: fixed-cycle operation} an operation that is completed in a specified number of regularly timed execution cycles
{n: fixed-point number} a number represented in fixed-point notation
{n: floating-point number} a number represented in floating-point notation
{n: float} the number of shares outstanding and available for trading by the public
{n: flood, inundation, deluge, torrent} an overwhelming number or amount
"a flood of requests"
"a torrent of abuse"
{n: fluorine, F, atomic number 9} a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
{n: flux density, flux} (physics) the number of changes in energy flow across a given surface per unit area
{n: focal ratio, f number, stop number, speed} the ratio of the focal length to the diameter of a (camera) lens system
{n: follow-on} an immediate second innings forced on a cricket team scoring a prescribed number of runs fewer than its opponents in the first innings
{n: forty, 40, XL} the cardinal number that is the product of ten and four
{n: four, 4, IV, tetrad, quatern, quaternion, quaternary, quaternity, quartet, quadruplet, foursome, Little Joe} the cardinal number that is the sum of three and one
{n: fourteen, 14, XIV} the cardinal number that is the sum of thirteen and one
{n: fourth} following the third position; number four in a countable series
{n: francium, Fr, atomic number 87} a radioactive element of the alkali-metal group discovered as a disintegration product of actinium
{n: frequency, absolute frequency} the number of observations in a given statistical category
{n: frequency, frequence, oftenness} the number of occurrences within a given time period
"the frequency of modulation was 40 cycles per second"
"the frequency of his seizures increased as he grew older"
{n: frequency, relative frequency} the ratio of the number of observations in a statistical category to the total number of observations
{n: gadolinium, Gd, atomic number 64} a ductile silvery-white ductile ferromagnetic trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group
{n: googolplex} a cardinal number represented as 1 followed by a googol of zeros (ten raised to the power of a googol)
{n: googol} a cardinal number represented as 1 followed by 100 zeros (ten raised to the power of a hundred)
{n: grade point} a numerical value assigned to a letter grade received in a course taken at a college or university multiplied by the number of credit hours awarded for the course
{n: hafnium, Hf, atomic number 72} a grey tetravalent metallic element that resembles zirconium chemically and is found in zirconium minerals; used in filaments for its ready emission of electrons
{n: hedge fund, hedgefund} a flexible investment company for a small number of large investors (usually the minimum investment is $1 million); can use high-risk techniques (not allowed for mutual funds) such as short-selling and heavy leveraging
{n: helium, He, atomic number 2} a very light colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; the most difficult gas to liquefy; occurs in economically extractable amounts in certain natural gases (as those found in Texas and Kansas)
{n: heteroploid} (genetics) an organism or cell having a chromosome number that is not an even multiple of the haploid chromosome number for that species
{n: high-definition television, HDTV} a television system that has more than the usual number of lines per frame so its pictures show more detail
{n: holmium, Ho, atomic number 67} a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs together with yttrium; forms highly magnetic compounds
{n: hundred thousand, 100000, lakh} the cardinal number that is the fifth power of ten
{n: hydrogen, H, atomic number 1} a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
{n: identity theft} the co-option of another person's personal information (e.g., name, Social Security number, credit card number, passport) without that person's knowledge and the fraudulent use of such knowledge
{n: imaginary part, imaginary part of a complex number} the part of a complex number that has the square root of -1 as a factor
{n: indefinite integral} the set of functions F(x) + C, where C is any real number, such that F(x) is the integral of f(x)
{n: index, index number, indicant, indicator} a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time
{n: iron, Fe, atomic number 26} a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood
{n: issue, number} one of a series published periodically
"she found an old issue of the magazine in her dentist's waiting room"
{n: lawrencium, Lr, atomic number 103} a radioactive transuranic element synthesized from californium
{n: lead, Pb, atomic number 82} a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey
"the children were playing with lead soldiers"
{n: license plate, numberplate} a plate mounted on the front and back of car and bearing the car's registration number
{n: linage, lineage} a rate of payment for written material that is measured according to the number of lines submitted
{n: list system, scrutin de liste, scrutin de liste system} based on the principle of proportional representation; voters choose between party lists, the number elected from each list being determined by the percentage cast for each list out of the total vote
{n: loan collection} a number of pictures loaned by their owners for exhibition
{n: magnesium, Mg, atomic number 12} a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
{n: majority, bulk} the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part
"the majority of his customers prefer it"
"the bulk of the work is finished"
<-> minority
{n: marijuana, marihuana, ganja, Cannabis sativa} a strong-smelling plant from whose dried leaves a number of euphoriant and hallucinogenic drugs are prepared
{n: meiosis, miosis, reduction division} (genetics) cell division that produces reproductive cells in sexually reproducing organisms; the nucleus divides into four nuclei each containing half the chromosome number (leading to gametes in animals and spores in plants)
{n: mendelevium, Md, Mv, atomic number 101} a radioactive transuranic element synthesized by bombarding einsteinium with alpha particles (Md is the current symbol for mendelevium but Mv was formerly the symbol)
{n: meson, mesotron} an elementary particle responsible for the forces in the atomic nucleus; a hadron with a baryon number of 0
{n: metric space} a set of points such that for every pair of points there is a nonnegative real number called their distance that is symmetric and satisfies the triangle inequality
{n: mileage, fuel consumption rate, gasoline mileage, gas mileage} the ratio of the number of miles traveled to the number of gallons of gasoline burned
{n: million, 1000000, one thousand thousand, meg} the number that is represented as a one followed by 6 zeros
{n: million, billion, trillion, zillion, jillion} a very large indefinite number (usually hyperbole)
"there were millions of flies"
{n: minuend} the number from which the subtrahend is subtracted
{n: monosomy} chromosomal abnormality consisting of the absence of one chromosome from the normal diploid number
{n: multiplier, multiplier factor} the number by which a multiplicand is multiplied
{n: myriad} a large indefinite number
"he faced a myriad of details"
{n: neptunium, Np, atomic number 93} a radioactive transuranic metallic element; found in trace amounts in uranium ores; a by-product of the production of plutonium
{n: neutron flux} the rate of flow of neutrons; the number of neutrons passing through a unit area in unit time
{n: nine, 9, IX, niner, Nina from Carolina, ennead} the cardinal number that is the sum of eight and one
{n: niobium, Nb, atomic number 41} a soft grey ductile metallic element used in alloys; occurs in niobite; formerly called columbium
{n: nondisjunction} meiosis in which there is a failure of paired homologous chromosomes to separate; results in an abnormal number of chromosomes in the daughter cells
{n: number one} a reference to yourself or myself etc.; `take care of number one' means to put your own interests first
{n: number, figure} the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals
"he had a number of chores to do"
"the number of parameters is small"
"the figure was about a thousand"
{n: number, identification number} a numeral or string of numerals that is used for identification
"she refused to give them her Social Security number"
{n: number} a concept of quantity derived from zero and units
"every number has a unique position in the sequence"
{n: number} an item of merchandise offered for sale
"she preferred the black nylon number"
"this sweater is an all-wool number"
{n: number} the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural)
"in English the subject and the verb must agree in number"
{n: numeration system, number system, number representation system, system of numeration} any notation for the representation of numbers
{n: octillion} the number that is represented as a one followed by 27 zeros
{n: odd-toed ungulate, perissodactyl, perissodactyl mammal} placental mammals having hooves with an odd number of toes on each foot
<-> even-toed ungulate
{n: option, alternative, choice} one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
"what option did I have?"
"there no other alternative"
"my only choice is to refuse"
{n: over} (cricket) the period during which a given number of balls (6 in England but 8 in Australia) are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch
{n: oxidation number, oxidation state} the degree of oxidation of an atom or ion or molecule; for simple atoms or ions the oxidation number is equal to the ionic charge
"the oxidation number of hydrogen is +1 and of oxygen is -2"
{n: pad, pad of paper, tablet} a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge
{n: pagination, folio, page number, paging} the system of numbering pages
{n: par} (golf) the standard number of strokes set for each hole on a golf course, or for the entire course
"a par-5 hole"
"par for this course is 72"
{n: pedometer} measuring instrument for recording the number of steps taken in walking
{n: phosphorus, P, atomic number 15} a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms
{n: platinum, Pt, atomic number 78} a heavy precious metallic element; grey-white and resistant to corroding; occurs in some nickel and copper ores and is also found native in some deposits
{n: plurality, relative majority} (in an election with more than 2 options) the number of votes for the candidate or party receiving the greatest number (but less that half of the votes)
{n: plutonium, Pu, atomic number 94} a solid silvery grey radioactive transuranic element whose atoms can be split when bombarded with neutrons; found in minute quantities in uranium ores but is usually synthesized in nuclear reactors; 13 isotopes are known with the most important being plutonium 239
{n: pollen count} the number of pollen grains (usually ragweed) in a standard volume of air over a twenty-four hour period and a specified time and place
{n: polydactyly, hyperdactyly} birth defect characterized by the presence of more than the normal number of fingers or toes
{n: polynomial, multinomial} a mathematical function that is the sum of a number of terms
{n: population profile} a chart showing the number of people as a function of their ages
{n: population} the number of inhabitants (either the total number or the number of a particular race or class) in a given place (country or city etc.)
"people come and go, but the population of this town has remained approximately constant for the past decade"
"the African-American population of Salt Lake City has been increasing"
{n: potassium, K, atomic number 19} a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
{n: pounder} (used only in combination) something weighing a given number of pounds
"the fisherman caught a 10-pounder"
"their linemen are all 300-pounders"
{n: praseodymium, Pr, atomic number 59} a soft yellowish-white trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; can be recovered from bastnasite or monazite by an ion-exchange process
{n: prevalence} (epidemiology) the ratio (for a given time period) of the number of occurrences of a disease or event to the number of units at risk in the population
{n: prime number} an integer that has no integral factors but itself and 1
{n: prime, prime quantity} a number that has no factor but itself and 1
{n: prismoid} a prismatoid whose bases are polygons having the same number of sides and whose other faces are trapezoids or parallelograms
{n: probability, chance} a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible
"the probability that an unbiased coin will fall with the head up is 0.5"
{n: promethium, Pm, atomic number 61} a soft silvery metallic element of the rare earth group having no stable isotope; was discovered in radioactive form as a fission product of uranium
{n: protactinium, protoactinium, Pa, atomic number 91} a short-lived radioactive metallic element formed from uranium and disintegrating into actinium and then into lead
{n: pure imaginary number} an imaginary number of the form a+bi where a is 0
{n: pyramid scheme} a fraudulent scheme in which people are recruited to make payments to the person who recruited them while expecting to receive payments from the persons they recruit; when the number of new recruits fails to sustain the hierarchical payment structure the scheme collapses with most of the participants losing the money they put in
{n: pyramiding} a fraudulent business practice involving some form of pyramid scheme e.g., the chain of distribution is artificially expanded by an excessive number of distributors selling to other distributors at progressively higher wholesale prices until retail prices are unnecessarily inflated
{n: quadrillion} the number that is represented as a one followed by 15 zeros
{n: quadrillion} the number that is represented as a one followed by 24 zeros
"in England they call a septillion a quadrillion"
{n: quintillion} the number that is represented as a one followed by 18 zeros
{n: quota} a prescribed number
"all the salesmen met their quota for the month"
{n: radon, Rn, atomic number 86} a radioactive gaseous element formed by the disintegration of radium; the heaviest of the inert gasses; occurs naturally (especially in areas over granite) and is considered a hazard to health
{n: rational number, rational} an integer or a fraction
{n: recursive definition} (mathematics) a definition of a function from which values of the function can be calculated in a finite number of steps
{n: rhodium, Rh, atomic number 45} a white hard metallic element that is one of the platinum group and is found in platinum ores; used in alloys with platinum
{n: ring girl} a young woman who holds up cards indicating the number of the next round at prize fights
{n: rise} a growth in strength or number or importance
<-> fall
{n: rounding, rounding error} (mathematics) a miscalculation that results from rounding off numbers to a convenient number of decimals
"the error in the calculation was attributable to rounding"
"taxes are rounded off to the nearest dollar but the rounding error is surprisingly small"
{n: ruthenium, Ru, atomic number 44} a rare polyvalent metallic element of the platinum group; it is found associated with platinum
{n: scad} any of a number of fishes of the family Carangidae
{n: scale factor} a number used as a multiplier in scaling
{n: scattering, sprinkling} a small number (of something) dispersed haphazardly
"the first scatterings of green"
"a sprinkling of grey at his temples"
{n: selenium, Se, atomic number 34} a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable grey metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)
{n: septillion} the number that is represented as a one followed by 24 zeros
{n: sextillion} the number that is represented as a one followed by 21 zeros
{n: sexual immorality} the evil ascribed to sexual acts that violate social conventions
"sexual immorality is the major reason for last year's record number of abortions"
{n: significant digit, significant figure} any digit of a number that is known with certainty; any digit of a number beginning with the leftmost non-zero digit and ending with the rightmost non-zero digit (or a zero considered to be the exact value)
"he calculated the answer to four significant figures"
{n: silicon, Si, atomic number 14} a tetravalent nonmetallic element; next to oxygen it is the most abundant element in the earth's crust; occurs in clay and feldspar and granite and quartz and sand; used as a semiconductor in transistors
{n: silver, Ag, atomic number 47} a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
{n: six, 6, VI, sixer, sise, Captain Hicks, half a dozen, sextet, sestet, sextuplet, hexad} the cardinal number that is the sum of five and one
{n: sixteen, 16, XVI} the cardinal number that is the sum of fifteen and one
{n: slot} a position in a hierarchy or organization
"Bob Dylan occupied the top slot for several weeks"
"she beat some tough competition for the number one slot"
{n: sodium, Na, atomic number 11} a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
{n: sperm count} the number of sperm in an ejaculate
"the sperm count is used as an indicator of male fertility"
{n: split, stock split, split up} an increase in the number of outstanding shares of a corporation without changing the shareholders' equity
"they announced a two-for-one split of the common stock"
{n: spurious correlation} a correlation between two variables (e.g., between the number of electric motors in the home and grades at school) that does not result from any direct relation between them (buying electric motors will not raise grades) but from their relation to other variables
{n: stanza} a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem
{n: straddle} the option to buy or sell a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date; consists of an equal number of put and call options
{n: strontium 90} a radioactive isotope of strontium (with the mass number 90) that is present in the fallout from nuclear explosions; can be assimilated like calcium into bones
{n: subscriber, reader} someone who contracts to receive and pay for a service or a certain number of issues of a publication
{n: subtrahend} the number to be subtracted from the minuend
{n: sulfur, S, sulphur, atomic number 16} an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions)
{n: tantalum, Ta, atomic number 73} a hard grey lustrous metallic element that is highly resistant to corrosion; occurs in niobite and fergusonite and tantalite
{n: technetium, Tc, atomic number 43} a crystalline metallic element not found in nature; occurs as one of the fission products of uranium
{n: thrombocytosis} increase in the number of platelets in the blood which tends to cause clots to form; associated with many neoplasms and chronic infections and other diseases
{n: tin, Sn, atomic number 50} a silvery malleable metallic element that resists corrosion; used in many alloys and to coat other metals to prevent corrosion; obtained chiefly from cassiterite where it occurs as tin oxide
{n: titanium, Ti, atomic number 22} a light strong grey lustrous corrosion-resistant metallic element used in strong lightweight alloys (as for airplane parts); the main sources are rutile and ilmenite
{n: tons, dozens, heaps, lots, mountain, piles, scores, stacks, loads, rafts, slews, wads, oodles, gobs, scads, lashings} a large number or amount
"made lots of new friends"
"she amassed a mountain of newspapers"
{n: trillion, one million million million} the number that is represented as a one followed by 18 zeros
"in England they call a quintillion a trillion"
{n: trillion, one million million, 1000000000000} the number that is represented as a one followed by 12 zeros
"in England they call a trillion a billion"
{n: triskaidekaphobia} a morbid fear of the number 13
{n: tungsten, wolfram, W, atomic number 74} a heavy grey-white metallic element; the pure form is used mainly in electrical applications; it is found in several ores including wolframite and scheelite
{n: twenty-five, 25, XXV} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-four and one
{n: twenty-four, 24, XXIV, two dozen} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-three and one
{n: twenty-six, 26, XXVI} the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-five and one
{n: unformatted capacity} (computer science) the total number of bytes on a disk including the space that will be required to format it
{n: unit} an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole
"the reduced the number of units and installations"
"the word is a basic linguistic unit"
{n: uranium, U, atomic number 92} a heavy toxic silvery-white radioactive metallic element; occurs in many isotopes; used for nuclear fuels and nuclear weapons
{n: utilitarianism} doctrine that the useful is the good; especially as elaborated by Jeremy Bentham and James Mill; the aim was said to be the greatest happiness for the greatest number
{n: vote, ballot, voting, balloting} a choice that is made by counting the number of people in favor of each alternative
"there were only 17 votes in favor of the motion"
{n: vote, voter turnout} the total number of votes cast
"they are hoping for a large vote"
{n: whiting} flesh of any of a number of slender food fishes especially of Atlantic coasts of North America
{n: wildfowl} flesh of any of a number of wild game birds suitable for food
{n: zirconium, Zr, atomic number 40} a lustrous grey strong metallic element resembling titanium; it is used in nuclear reactors as a neutron absorber; it occurs in baddeleyite but is obtained chiefly from zircon
{v: begin} be the first item or point, constitute the beginning or start, come first in a series
"The number 'one' begins the sequence"
"A terrible murder begins the novel"
"The convocation ceremoney officially begins the semester"
{v: choose, take, select, pick out} pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives
"Take any one of these cards"
"Choose a good husband for your daughter"
"She selected a pair of shoes from among the dozen the salesgirl had shown her"
{v: decline} inflect for number, gender, case, etc., "in many languages, speakers decline nouns, pronouns, and adjectives"
{v: deoxidize, deoxidise, reduce} to remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase in the number of electrons
<-> oxidise, oxidize
{v: drop off} fall or diminish
"The number of students in this course dropped off after the first test"
{v: factor, factor in, factor out} resolve into factors
"a quantum computer can factor the number 15"
{v: fail} become bankrupt or insolvent ; fail financially and close
"The toy company went bankrupt after the competition hired cheap Mexican labor"
"A number of banks failed that year"
{v: foliate, paginate, page} number the pages of a book or manuscript
{v: gain, advance, win, pull ahead, make headway, get ahead, gain ground} obtain advantages, such as points, etc.
"The home team was gaining ground"
"After defeating the Knicks, the Blazers pulled ahead of the Lakers in the battle for the number-one playoff berth in the Western Conference"
<-> fall back
{v: increase} make bigger or more
"The boss finally increased her salary"
"The university increased the number of students it admitted"
<-> decrease
{v: place} finish second or better in a horse or dog race
"he bet $2 on number six to place"
{v: plump, go} give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number
"I plumped for the losing candidates"
{v: quantize, quantise} apply quantum theory to ; restrict the number of possible values of (a quantity) or states of (a physical entity or system) so that certain variables can assume only certain discrete magnitudes that are integral multiples of a common factor
"Quantize gravity"
{v: remember, retrieve, recall, call back, call up, recollect, think} recall knowledge from memory ; have a recollection
"I can't remember saying any such thing"
"I can't think what her last name was"
"can you remember her phone number?"
"Do you remember that he once loved you?"
"call up memories"
<-> forget
{v: show} finish third or better in a horse or dog race
"he bet $2 on number six to show"
{v: tie, draw} finish a game with an equal number of points, goals, etc.
"The teams drew a tie"
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