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{adj: adiabatic} occurring without loss or gain of heat
"adiabatic expansion"
<-> diabatic

{adj: adventurous, adventuresome} willing to undertake or seeking out new and daring enterprises
"adventurous pioneers"
"the risks and gains of an adventuresome economy"
<-> unadventurous

{adj: amateur, recreational, unpaid} engaged in as a pastime
"an amateur painter"
"gained valuable experience in amateur theatricals"
"recreational golfers"
"reading matter that is both recreational and mentally stimulating"
"unpaid extras in the documentary"

{adj: cheating, dirty, foul, unsporting, unsportsmanlike} violating accepted standards or rules
"a dirty fighter"
"used foul means to gain power"
"a nasty unsporting serve"
"fined for unsportsmanlike behavior"

{adj: commercialized, commercialised} organized principally for financial gain
"Christmas has become a commercialized spectacle"

{adj: dirty, ill-gotten} obtained illegally or by improper means
"dirty money"
"ill-gotten gains"

{adj: earned} gained or acquired; especially through merit or as a result of effort or action
"a well-earned reputation for honesty"
"earned income"
"an earned run in baseball"
<-> unearned

{adj: empty-handed, unrewarded} having acquired or gained nothing
"the returned from the negotiations empty-handed"

{adj: full-fledged, fully fledged} (of persons e.g.) having gained full status
"a full-fledged lawyer"
"by the age of seventeen I was a full-fledged atheist"
"sees itself as a fully fledged rival party"

{adj: hardscrabble, marginal} of a bare living gained by great labor
"the sharecropper's hardscrabble life"
"a marginal existence"

{adj: ingratiating, insinuating, ingratiatory} calculated to please or gain favor
"a smooth ingratiating manner"

{adj: lost} not gained or won
"a lost battle"
"a lost prize"
<-> won

{adj: nonprofessional} not professional; not engaged in a profession or engaging in as a profession or for gain
"the nonprofessional wives of his male colleagues"
"nonprofessional actors"
<-> professional

{adj: predaceous, predacious, predatory} living by or given to victimizing others for personal gain
"predatory capitalists"
"a predatory, insensate society in which innocence and decency can prove fatal"- Peter S. Prescott
"a predacious kind of animal--the early geological gangster"- W.E.Swinton

{adj: profitable} promoting benefit or gain
"a profitable meeting to resolve difficulties"

{adj: profitable} yielding material gain or profit
"profitable speculation on the stock market"
<-> unprofitable

{adj: single, undivided, exclusive} not divided among or brought to bear on more than one object or objective
"judging a contest with a single eye"
"a single devotion to duty"
"undivided affection"
"gained their exclusive attention"

{adj: taken} having possession gained especially by force or effort
<-> given

{adj: unearned} not gained by merit or labor or service
"accepted the unearned rewards that came his ways as well as the unearned criticism"
"unearned income"
"an unearned run"
<-> earned

{adj: unmercenary} not mercenary; not influenced by financial gains

{adj: unprofitable} producing little or no profit or gain
"deposits abandoned by mining companies as unprofitable"
<-> profitable

{adj: unscrupulous} without scruples or principles
"unscrupulous politicos who would be happy to sell...their country in order to gain power"
<-> scrupulous

{adj: unstudied} lacking knowledge gained by study often in a particular field
"is unstudied in Latin as he is in may other matters"

{adv: backstage} out of view of the public; behind the scenes
"Working backstage to gain political support for his proposal"
"many private deals were made backstage at the convention"

{adv: downhill} toward the bottom of a hill
"running downhill, he gained a lot of speed"

{adv: profitlessly, unprofitably, gainlessly} without gain or profit

{adv: unashamedly, shamelessly, barefacedly} without shame
"he unashamedly abandoned the project when he realized he would not gain from it"
<-> ashamedly

{n: Algeria, Algerie, Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria} a republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea with a population that is predominantly Sunni Muslim; colonized by France in the 19th century but gained autonomy in the early 1960s

{n: Bruce, Robert the Bruce, Robert I} King of Scotland from 1306 to 1329; defeated the English army under Edward II at Bannockburn and gained recognition of Scottish independence (1274-1329)

{n: Burkina Faso, Upper Volta} a desperately poor landlocked country in western Africa; was formerly Upper Volta under French rule but gained independence in 1960

{n: Gould, Jay Gould} United States financier who gained control of the Erie Canal and who caused a financial panic in 1869 when he attempted to corner the gold market (1836-1892)

{n: Hercules, Heracles, Herakles, Alcides} (classical mythology) a hero noted for his strength; performed 12 immense labors to gain immortality

{n: Houston, Sam Houston, Samuel Houston} United States politician and military leader who fought to gain independence for Texas from Mexico and to make it a part of the United States (1793-1863)

{n: Kirchhoff's laws} (physics) two laws governing electric networks in which steady currents flow: the sum of all the currents at a point is zero and the sum of the voltage gains and drops around any closed circuit is zero

{n: Monopoly} a board game in which players try to gain a monopoly on real estate as pieces advance around the board according to the throw of a die

{n: Nash equilibrium} (game theory) a stable state of a system that involves several interacting participants in which no participant can gain by a change of strategy as long as all the other participants remain unchanged

{n: Niger, Republic of Niger} a landlocked republic in West Africa; gained independence from France in 1960; most of the country is dominated by the Sahara Desert

{n: Nigeria, Federal Republic of Nigeria} a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; gained independence from Britain in 1960; most populous African country

{n: Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, PFLP} a terrorist group of limited popularity formed in 1967 after the Six-Day War; combined Marxist-Leninist ideology with Palestinian nationalism; used terrorism to gain attention for their cause; hoped to eliminate the state of Israel

{n: Premium Bond} a government bond that bears no interest or capital gains but enters the holder into lotteries

{n: Revolutionary United Front, RUF} a terrorist group formed in the 1980s in Sierra Leone; seeks to overthrow the government and gain control of the diamond producing regions; responsible for attacks on civilians and children, widespread torture and murder and using children to commit atrocities; sponsored by the president of Liberia

{n: Saint Lucia, St. Lucia} a country on the island of Saint Lucia; gained independence from Great Britain in 1979

{n: Savonarola, Girolamo Savonarola} Italian religious and political reformer; a Dominican friar in Florence who preached against sin and corruption and gained a large following; he expelled the Medici from Florence but was later excommunicated and executed for criticizing the Pope (1452-1498)

{n: Sigurd} (Norse mythology) mythical Norse warrior hero who gains an accursed hoard of gold and was killed by Brynhild; Siegfried is the German counterpart

{n: Wallace, Sir William Wallace} Scottish insurgent who led the resistance to Edward I; in 1297 he gained control of Scotland briefly until Edward invaded Scotland again and defeated Wallace and subsequently executed him (1270-1305)

{n: Zambia, Republic of Zambia, Northern Rhodesia} a republic in central Africa; formerly controlled by Great Britain and called Northern Rhodesia until it gained independence within the commonwealth in 1964

{n: accession, rise to power} the act of attaining or gaining access to a new office or right or position (especially the throne)
"Elizabeth's accession in 1558"

{n: access} the act of approaching or entering
"he gained access to the building"

{n: acquirer} a corporation gaining financial control over another corporation or financial institution through a payment in cash or an exchange of stock

{n: addition, increase, gain} a quantity that is added
"there was an addition to property taxes this year"
"they recorded the cattle's gain in weight over a period of weeks"

{n: adiabatic process} (thermodynamics) any process that occurs without gain or loss of heat

{n: amplification, gain} the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input

{n: angler} a scheming person; someone who schemes to gain an advantage

{n: beachhead, foothold} an initial accomplishment that opens the way for further developments
"the town became a beachhead in the campaign to ban smoking outdoors"
"they are presently attempting to gain a foothold in the Russian market"

{n: bid, play} an attempt to get something
"they made a futile play for power"
"he made a bid to gain attention"

{n: biofeedback} a training program in which a person is given information about physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them

{n: blarney, coaxing, soft soap, sweet talk} flattery designed to gain favor

{n: blue ribbon, cordon bleu} an honor or award gained for excellence

{n: bribery, graft} the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage

{n: capital gains tax} a tax on capital gains
"he avoided the capital gains tax by short selling"

{n: capital gain} the amount by which the selling price of an asset exceeds the purchase price; the gain is realized when the asset is sold

{n: capture, gaining control, seizure} the act of forcibly dispossessing an owner of property

{n: chandelle} a flight maneuver consisting of a steep climbing turn executed to gain altitude while changing direction

{n: charm campaign} a campaign of flattery and friendliness (by a company, politician, etc.) to become more popular and gain support

{n: competition} a business relation in which two parties compete to gain customers
"business competition can be fiendish at times"

{n: corruptness, corruption} lack of integrity or honesty (especially susceptibility to bribery); use of a position of trust for dishonest gain
<-> incorruptness

{n: countercoup} a sudden and decisive overthrow of a government that gained power by a coup d'etat

{n: cracker} a programmer who `cracks' (gains unauthorized access to) computers, typically to do malicious things
"crackers are often mistakenly called hackers"

{n: divestiture} an order to an offending party to rid itself of property; it has the purpose of depriving the defendant of the gains of wrongful behavior
"the court found divestiture to be necessary in preventing a monopoly"

{n: down} (American football) a complete play to advance the football
"you have four downs to gain ten yards"

{n: escalader} someone who gains access by the use of ladders

{n: exchange} (chess) gaining (or losing) a rook in return for a knight or bishop
"black lost the exchange"

{n: fiduciary} a person who holds assets in trust for a beneficiary
"it is illegal for a fiduciary to misappropriate money for personal gain"

{n: financial gain} the amount of monetary gain

{n: fraud, fraudulence, dupery, hoax, humbug, put-on} something intended to deceive; deliberate trickery intended to gain an advantage

{n: frequency-response curve, frequency-response characteristic} (electronics) a graph of frequency response with signal amplitude or gain plotted against frequency

{n: frontage road, service road} a local road that runs parallel to an expressway and allows local traffic to gain access to property

{n: gainer, weight gainer} a person who gains weight

{n: gainer} a person who gains (gains an advantage or gains profits)
"she was clearly the gainer in that exchange"

{n: gain} the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating
<-> loss

{n: gambler, risk taker} someone who risks loss or injury in the hope of gain or excitement

{n: gamble} money that is risked for possible monetary gain

{n: game theory, theory of games} (economics) a theory of competition stated in terms of gains and losses among opposing players

{n: giveaway} a gift of public land or resources for the private gain of a limited group

{n: gravity-assist} (spaceflight) a trajectory that passes close to a planetary body in order to gain energy from its gravitational field

{n: ground} a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle)
"they gained ground step by step"
"they fought to regain the lost ground"

{n: growth stock} stock of a corporation that has had faster than average gains in earnings and is expected to continue to

{n: head linesman} a football official in charge of recording yardage gained or loss

{n: holdout} a negotiator who hopes to gain concessions by refusing to come to terms
"their star pitcher was a holdout for six weeks"

{n: income} the financial gain (earned or unearned) accruing over a given period of time
<-> outgo

{n: ingratiation, insinuation} the act of gaining acceptance or affection for yourself by persuasive and subtle blandishments
"she refused to use insinuation in order to gain favor"

{n: instrument, pawn, cat's-paw} a person used by another to gain an end

{n: intern, interne, houseman, medical intern} an advanced student or graduate in medicine gaining supervised practical experience (`houseman' is a British term)

{n: investor} someone who commits capital in order to gain financial returns

{n: ionic bond, electrovalent bond, electrostatic bond} a chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a positive ion and the other atom gains to electron to form a negative ion

{n: ion} a particle that is electrically charged (positive or negative); an atom or molecule or group that has lost or gained one or more electrons

{n: knocker} a person who knocks (as seeking to gain admittance)
"open the door and see who the knocker is"

{n: leech, parasite, sponge, sponger} a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage

{n: leverage, leveraging} investing with borrowed money as a way to amplify potential gains (at the risk of greater losses)

{n: leverage, purchase} the mechanical advantage gained by being in a position to use a lever

{n: local road, local street} a street that is primarily used to gain access to the property bordering it

{n: logrolling} act of exchanging favors for mutual gain; especially trading of influence or votes among legislators to gain passage of certain projects

{n: loop gain} (telecommunication) the gain of a feedback amplifier or system as a function of how much output is fed back to the input
"if the loop gain is too great the system may go into oscillation"

{n: lore, traditional knowledge} knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote
"early peoples passed on plant and animal lore through legend"

{n: loss, red ink, red} the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue
"the company operated at a loss last year"
"the company operated in the red last year"
<-> gain

{n: maneuver, manoeuvre, tactical maneuver, tactical manoeuvre} a move made to gain a tactical end

{n: manhole} a hole (usually with a flush cover) through which a person can gain access to an underground structure

{n: methyltestosterone} an androgenic compound contained in drugs that are used to treat testosterone deficiency and female breast cancer and to stimulate growth and weight gain

{n: naval campaign} an operation conducted primarily by naval forces in order to gain or extend or maintain control of the sea

{n: paper profit} an unrealized gain on an investment calculated by subtracting the investor's cost from the current market price
<-> paper loss

{n: party, political party} an organization to gain political power
"in 1992 Perot tried to organize a third party at the national level"

{n: passer, forward passer} (football) a ball carrier who tries to gain ground by throwing a forward pass

{n: perception} knowledge gained by perceiving
"a man admired for the depth of his perception"

{n: personal identification number, PIN, PIN number} a number you choose and use to gain access to various accounts

{n: perversity, perverseness} deliberately deviating from what is good
"there will always be a few people who, through macho perversity, gain satisfaction from bullying and terrorism"

{n: ploce} (rhetoric) repetition to gain special emphasis or extend meaning

{n: politician} a schemer who tries to gain advantage in an organization in sly or underhanded ways

{n: price war, price competition} intense competition in which competitors cut retail prices to gain business

{n: profit, gain} the advantageous quality of being beneficial

{n: profitableness, profitability, gainfulness, lucrativeness} the quality of affording gain or benefit or profit
<-> unprofitability, unprofitableness

{n: proxy fight} a measure used by an acquirer to gain control of a takeover target; acquirer tries to persuade other shareholders that the management of the target should be replaced

{n: purchase} a means of exerting influence or gaining advantage
"he could get no purchase on the situation"

{n: questionnaire} a form containing a set of questions; submitted to people to gain statistical information

{n: recommendation, passport} any quality or characteristic that gains a person a favorable reception or acceptance or admission
"her pleasant personality is already a recommendation"
"his wealth was not a passport into the exclusive circles of society"

{n: reconnaissance plane} a military airplane used to gain information about an enemy

{n: reconnaissance, reconnaissance mission} the act of reconnoitring (especially to gain information about an enemy or potential enemy)
"an exchange of fire occurred on a reconnaissance mission"

{n: rusher} (football) a ball carrier who tries to gain ground by running with the ball

{n: sacrifice} personnel that are sacrificed (e.g., surrendered or lost in order to gain an objective)

{n: scholar, scholarly person, bookman, student} a learned person (especially in the humanities); someone who by long study has gained mastery in one or more disciplines

{n: scouting trip} an expedition undertaken to gain information

{n: scouting, exploratory survey, reconnoitering, reconnoitring} exploring in order to gain information
"scouting in enemy territory is very dangerous"

{n: seeking} an attempt to acquire or gain something

{n: sensationalist, ballyhoo artist} someone who uses exaggerated or lurid material in order to gain public attention

{n: sparring} an argument in which the participants are trying to gain some advantage

{n: speculator, plunger} someone who risks losses for the possibility of considerable gains

{n: start, head start} advantage gained by an beginning early (as in a race)
"with an hour's start he will be hard to catch"

{n: stature} high level of respect gained by impressive development or achievement
"a man of great stature"

{n: stunt} a difficult or unusual or dangerous feat; usually done to gain attention

{n: sycophant, toady, crawler, lackey} a person who tries to please someone in order to gain a personal advantage

{n: symbiosis, mutualism} the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent; each gains benefits from the other

{n: temporizer, temporiser} someone who temporizes; someone who tries to gain time or who waits for a favorable time

{n: trust, corporate trust, combine, cartel} a consortium of independent organizations formed to limit competition by controlling the production and distribution of a product or service
"they set up the trust in the hope of gaining a monopoly"

{n: two-tier bid} a takeover bid where the acquirer offers to pay more for the shares needed to gain control than for the remaining shares

{n: unprofitableness, unprofitability} the quality of affording no gain or no benefit or no profit
<-> profitability, profitableness

{n: upstart, parvenu, nouveau-riche, arriviste} a person who has suddenly risen to a higher economic status but has not gained social acceptance of others in that class

{n: vocational rehabilitation} providing training in a specific trade with the aim of gaining employment

{n: wash} any enterprise in which losses and gains cancel out
"at the end of the year the accounting department showed that it was a wash"

{n: waste, wastefulness, dissipation} useless or profitless activity; using or expending or consuming thoughtlessly or carelessly
"if the effort brings no compensating gain it is a waste"
"mindless dissipation of natural resources"

{n: weight gaining} bodybuilding that increases muscle mass and body weight

{n: zero-sum game} a game in which the total of all the gains and losses is zero

{v: access, get at} reach or gain access to
"How does one access the attic in this house?"
"I cannot get to the T.V. antenna, even if I climb on the roof"

{v: achieve, accomplish, attain, reach} to gain with effort
"she achieved her goal despite setbacks"

{v: acquire, win, gain} win something through one's efforts
"I acquired a passing knowledge of Chinese"
"Gain an understanding of international finance"
<-> lose

{v: advance, gain} rise in rate or price
"The stock market gained 24 points today"

{v: appreciate, apprize, apprise, revalue} gain in value
"The yen appreciated again!"
<-> depreciate

{v: average, average out} amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
"The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40"

{v: bamboozle, snow, hoodwink, pull the wool over someone's eyes, lead by the nose, play false} conceal one's true motives from especially by elaborately feigning good intentions so as to gain an end
"He bamboozled his professors into thinking that he knew the subject well"

{v: break even} attain a level at which there is neither gain nor loss, as in business, gambling, or a competitive sport

{v: buy time} act so as to delay an event or action in order to gain an advantage

{v: consolidate} make firm or secure ; strengthen
"consolidate one's gains"
"consolidate one's hold on first place"

{v: corner} gain control over
"corner the gold market"

{v: crusade, fight, press, campaign, push, agitate} exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person ; be an advocate for
"The liberal party pushed for reforms"
"She is crusading for women's rights"
"The Dean is pushing for his favorite candidate"

{v: derive, gain} obtain
"derive pleasure from one's garden"

{v: develop, acquire, evolve} gain through experience
"I acquired a strong aversion to television"
"Children must develop a sense of right and wrong"
"Dave developed leadership qualities in his new position"
"develop a passion for painting"

{v: discipline, correct, sort out} punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience
"The teacher disciplined the pupils rather frequently"

{v: experiment, try out} try something new, as in order to gain experience
"Students experiment sexually"
"The composer experimented with a new style"

{v: extrapolate} gain knowledge of (an area not known or experienced) by extrapolating

{v: fall back, lose, drop off, fall behind, recede} retreat
<-> gain

{v: fawn, toady, truckle, bootlick, kowtow, kotow, suck up} try to gain favor by cringing or flattering
"He is always kowtowing to his boss"

{v: gain, advance, win, pull ahead, make headway, get ahead, gain ground} obtain advantages, such as points, etc.
"The home team was gaining ground"
"After defeating the Knicks, the Blazers pulled ahead of the Lakers in the battle for the number-one playoff berth in the Western Conference"
<-> fall back

{v: gain, put on} increase (one's body weight)
"She gained 20 pounds when she stopped exercising"
<-> reduce

{v: gain, take in, clear, make, earn, realize, realise, pull in, bring in} earn on some commercial or business transaction ; earn as salary or wages
"How much do you make a month in your new job?"
"She earns a lot in her new job"
"this merger brought in lots of money"
"He clears $5,000 each month"

{v: gain} increase in
"gain momentum"
"gain nerve"

{v: grow} become larger, greater, or bigger ; expand or gain
"The problem grew too large for me"
"Her business grew fast"

{v: heat, hot up, heat up} gain heat or get hot
"The room heated up quickly"
<-> cool

{v: ingratiate} gain favor with somebody by deliberate efforts

{v: learn, larn, acquire} acquire or gain knowledge or skills
"She learned dancing from her sister"
"I learned Sanskrit"
"Children acquire language at an amazing rate"

{v: let out, widen} make (clothes) larger
"Let out that dress--I gained a lot of weight"
<-> take in

{v: pacify, lenify, conciliate, assuage, appease, mollify, placate, gentle, gruntle} cause to be more favorably inclined ; gain the good will of
"She managed to mollify the angry customer"

{v: pack on} gain (weight)
"He packed on two pounds over the summer"

{v: perk up, perk, percolate, pick up, gain vigor} gain or regain energy
"I picked up after a nap"

{v: predispose} make susceptible
"This illness predisposes you to gain weight"

{v: profit, gain, benefit} derive a benefit from
"She profited from his vast experience"

{v: profit, turn a profit} make a profit ; gain money or materially
"The company has not profited from the merger"
<-> lose

{v: reach, make, attain, hit, arrive at, gain} reach a destination, either real or abstract
"We hit Detroit by noon"
"The water reached the doorstep"
"We barely made it to the finish line"
"I have to hit the MAC machine before the weekend starts"

{v: reduce, melt off, lose weight, slim, slenderize, thin, slim down} take off weight
<-> gain

{v: regret} be sorry
"I regret to say that you did not gain admission to Harvard"

{v: renegociate, renegotiate} revise the terms of in order to limit or regain excess profits gained by the contractor
"We renegociated our old mortgage now that the interest rates have come down"

{v: score, hit, tally, rack up} gain points in a game
"The home team scored many times"
"He hit a home run"
"He hit .300 in the past season"

{v: sell} be approved of or gain acceptance
"The new idea sold well in certain circles"

{v: strengthen} gain strength
"His body strengthened"
<-> weaken

{v: take heart, buck up} gain courage

{v: temporize, temporise} draw out a discussion or process in order to gain time
"The speaker temporized in order to delay the vote"

{v: thrive, prosper, fly high, flourish} gain in wealth

{v: work off} cause to go away through effort or work
"work off the extra pounds you have gained over the holidays"
"we must work off the debt"

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