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{adj: aching, achy} causing a dull and steady pain
"my aching head"
"her old achy joints"

{adj: acute, intense} extremely sharp or intense
"acute pain"
"felt acute annoyance"
"intense itching and burning"

{adj: afflictive, painful, sore} causing misery or pain or distress
"it was a sore trial to him"
"the painful process of growing up"

{adj: agonized, agonised} expressing pain or agony
"agonized screams"

{adj: algophobic} suffering from algophobia; abnormally afraid of pain

{adj: alleviated, eased, relieved} (of pain or sorrow) made easier to bear

{adj: alleviative, alleviatory, lenitive, mitigative, mitigatory, palliative} moderating pain or sorrow by making it easier to bear

{adj: analgesic, analgetic, anodyne} capable of relieving pain
"the anodyne properties of certain drugs"
"an analgesic effect"

{adj: anginal, anginose, anginous} of or related to the pain of angina pectoris

{adj: anguished, tormented, tortured} experiencing intense pain especially mental pain
"an anguished conscience"
"a small tormented schoolboy"
"a tortured witness to another's humiliation"

{adj: awkward, embarrassing, sticky, unenviable} hard to deal with; especially causing pain or embarrassment
"awkward (or embarrassing or difficult) moments in the discussion"
"an awkward pause followed his remark"
"a sticky question"
"in the unenviable position of resorting to an act he had planned to save for the climax of the campaign"

{adj: bad, tough} feeling physical discomfort or pain (`tough' is occasionally used colloquially for `bad')
"my throat feels bad"
"she felt bad all over"
"he was feeling tough after a restless night"

{adj: barbarous, brutal, cruel, fell, roughshod, savage, vicious} (of persons or their actions) able or disposed to inflict pain or suffering
"a barbarous crime"
"brutal beatings"
"cruel tortures"
"Stalin's roughshod treatment of the kulaks"
"a savage slap"
"vicious kicks"

{adj: brave, courageous} possessing or displaying courage; able to face and deal with danger or fear without flinching
"Familiarity with danger makes a brave man braver but less daring"- Herman Melville
"a frank courageous heart...triumphed over pain"- William Wordsworth
"set a courageous example by leading them safely into and out of enemy-held territory"
<-> cowardly

{adj: brutal, cruel} (of weapons or instruments) causing suffering and pain
"brutal instruments of torture"
"cruel weapons of war"

{adj: ceaseless, constant, incessant, never-ending, perpetual, unceasing, unremitting} uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing
"the ceaseless thunder of surf"
"in constant pain"
"night and day we live with the incessant noise of the city"
"the never-ending search for happiness"
"the perpetual struggle to maintain standards in a democracy"
"man's unceasing warfare with drought and isolation"
"unremitting demands of hunger"

{adj: complaining, complaintive} expressing pain or dissatisfaction of resentment
"a complaining wife"
<-> uncomplaining

{adj: contorted, writhed, writhen} twisted (especially as in pain or struggle)
"his mad contorted smile"
"writhed lips"
"my writhen features"- Walter scott

{adj: contrite, remorseful, rueful, ruthful} feeling or expressing pain or sorrow for sins or offenses

{adj: cutting, keen, knifelike, piercing, stabbing, lancinate, lancinating} as physically painful as if caused by a sharp instrument
"a cutting wind"
"keen winds"
"knifelike cold"
"piercing knifelike pains"
"piercing cold"
"piercing criticism"
"a stabbing pain"
"lancinating pain"

{adj: dull} not keenly felt
"a dull throbbing"
"dull pain"
<-> sharp

{adj: exquisite, keen} intense or sharp
"suffered exquisite pain"
"felt exquisite pleasure"

{adj: faint, light, swooning, light-headed, lightheaded} weak and likely to lose consciousness
"suddenly felt faint from the pain"
"was sick and faint from hunger"
"felt light in the head"
"a swooning fit"
"light-headed with wine"
"light-headed from lack of sleep"

{adj: fixed, set, rigid} fixed and unmoving
"with eyes set in a fixed glassy stare"
"his bearded face already has a set hollow look"- Connor Cruise O'Brien
"a face rigid with pain"

{adj: fulminant} sudden and severe
"fulminant pain"
"fulminant fever"

{adj: furtive, sneak, sneaky, stealthy, surreptitious} marked by quiet and caution and secrecy; taking pains to avoid being observed
"a furtive manner"
"a sneak attack"
"stealthy footsteps"
"a surreptitious glance at his watch"

{adj: groaning, moaning} making low inarticulate sound as e.g. of pain or sorrow
"the groaning wounded"
"moaning sounds in her sleep"

{adj: harmed} having had pain or loss or suffering inflicted

{adj: insensible} incapable of physical sensation
"insensible to pain"
"insensible earth"
<-> sensible

{adj: intense} in an extreme degree
"intense heat"
"intense anxiety"
"intense desire"
"intense emotion"
"the skunk's intense acrid odor"
"intense pain"
"enemy fire was intense"
<-> mild

{adj: intractable} not tractable; difficult to manage or mold
"an intractable disposition"
"intractable pain"
"the most intractable issue of our era"
"intractable metal"
<-> tractable

{adj: mild} moderate in type or degree or effect or force; far from extreme
"a mild winter storm"
"a mild fever"
"fortunately the pain was mild"
"a mild rebuke"
"mild criticism"
<-> intense

{adj: neuralgic} of or relating to or suffering from neuralgia
"neuralgic pains"

{adj: nociceptive} caused by or in response to pain
"a nociceptive spinal reflex"

{adj: nonpsychoactive} not affecting the mind or mental processes
"a nonpsychoactive pain reliever"
<-> psychoactive

{adj: offended, pained} hurt or upset
"she looked offended"
"face had a pained and puzzled expression"

{adj: pain-free, unpainful} not accompanied by pain sensations
"pain-free surgery"

{adj: painful} causing physical or psychological pain
"worked with painful slowness"
<-> painless

{adj: painless} not causing physical or psychological pain
"painless dentistry"
<-> painful

{adj: passive, inactive} lacking in energy or will
"Much benevolence of the passive order may be traced to a disinclination to inflict pain upon oneself"- George Meredith
<-> active

{adj: perineal} of or relating to the perineum
"perineal pains"

{adj: punished} subjected to a penalty (as pain or shame or restraint or loss) for an offense or fault or in order to coerce some behavior (as a confession or obedience)
<-> unpunished

{adj: racking, wrenching} causing great physical or mental suffering
"a wrenching pain"

{adj: sadistic} deriving pleasure or sexual gratification from inflicting pain on another
<-> masochistic

{adj: scarred} deeply affected or marked by mental or physical pain or injury
"Could her scarred mind ever be free of fear?"
"a face scarred by anxiety"
"the fire left her arm badly scarred"

{adj: scratching} (of a pain) as if caused by scraping with nails or claws

{adj: severe, terrible, wicked} intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree or quality
"severe pain"
"a severe case of flu"
"a terrible cough"
"under wicked fire from the enemy's guns"
"a wicked cough"

{adj: sharp} keenly and painfully felt; as if caused by a sharp edge or point
"a sharp pain"
"sharp winds"
<-> dull

{adj: shrieked} uttered in a shrill scream as of pain or terror

{adj: spartan} resolute in the face of pain or danger or adversity
"spartan courage"

{adj: stoic, stoical} seeming unaffected by pleasure or pain; impassive
"stoic courage"
"stoic patience"
"a stoical sufferer"

{adj: suffering} troubled by pain or loss
"suffering refugees"

{adj: supposed} designed to
"medication that is supposed to relieve pain"
"what's that gadget supposed to do?"

{adj: throbbing} pounding or beating strongly or violently
"a throbbing pain"
"the throbbing engine of the boat"

{adj: tortured} subjected to intense pain
"hundreds of tortured prisoners"

{adj: uncontrollable, unmanageable} difficult to solve or alleviate
"uncontrollable pain"

{adj: weakening} moderating by making pain or sorrow weaker

{adv: cursorily, quickly} without taking pains
"he looked cursorily through the magazine"

{adv: double} downward and forward
"he was bent double with pain"

{adv: hard} with pain or distress or bitterness
"he took the rejection very hard"

{adv: obviously, evidently, manifestly, patently, apparently, plainly, plain} unmistakably (`plain' is often used informally for `plainly')
"the answer is obviously wrong"
"she was in bed and evidently in great pain"
"he was manifestly too important to leave off the guest list"
"it is all patently nonsense"
"she has apparently been living here for some time"
"I thought he owned the property, but apparently not"
"You are plainly wrong"
"he is plain stubborn"

{adv: painfully, sorely} in or as if in pain
"she moved painfully forward"
"sorely wounded"
<-> painlessly

{adv: painlessly} without pain
"after the surgery, she could move her arms painlessly"
<-> painfully

{adv: suddenly, all of a sudden, of a sudden} happening unexpectedly
"suddenly she felt a sharp pain in her side"

{n: Dover's powder} a medicinal powder made essentially of ipecac and opium; formerly used to relieve pain and induce perspiration

{n: Fall of Man} (Judeo-Christian mythology) when Adam and Eve ate of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil in the Garden of Eden, God punished them by driving them out of the Garden of Eden and into the world where they would be subject to sickness and pain and eventual death

{n: Guillain-Barre syndrome, infectious polyneuritis, Landry's paralysis} a form of peripheral polyneuritis characterized by pain and weakness and sometimes paralysis of the limbs; cause is unknown

{n: Gulf War syndrome, Persian Gulf illness} a medical condition of uncertain origin that affected many veterans of the 1991 Gulf War; characterized by fatigue and headache and dizziness and nausea and rashes and joint pain and respiratory disorders

{n: Indian hemp, rheumatism weed, Apocynum cannabinum} Canadian dogbane yielding a tough fiber used as cordage by native Americans; used in folk medicine for pain or inflammation in joints

{n: Lassa fever} an acute contagious viral disease of central western Africa; characterized by fever and inflammation and muscular pains and difficulty swallowing; can be used as a bioweapon

{n: Legionnaires' disease} acute (sometimes fatal) lobar pneumonia caused by bacteria of a kind first recognized after an outbreak of the disease at an American Legion convention in Philadelphia in 1976; characterized by fever and muscle and chest pain and headache and chills and a dry cough

{n: Paget's disease, osteitis deformans} a disease of bone occurring in the middle aged and elderly; excessive bone destruction sometimes leading to bone pain and fractures and skeletal deformities

{n: Ramsay Hunt syndrome} syndrome resulting from infection by the herpes varicella zoster virus; characterized by vertigo and pain in the ears and facial nerve paralysis and sometimes hearing loss

{n: Read method of childbirth, Read method} a method of natural childbirth that assumes it is a normal process and that the pain is largely psychological; involves education and breathing exercises to foster relaxation and other exercises

{n: Sigyn} (Norse mythology) wife of Loki; held a cup over him during his punishment to spare him the pain of drops of poison

{n: Tietze's syndrome} syndrome characterized by swelling of rib cartilage (causing pain)

{n: acetaminophen, Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, Anacin III} an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)

{n: ache, aching} a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain

{n: acromegaly, acromegalia} enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)

{n: acupuncture, stylostixis} treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin

{n: acute glossitis} glossitis resulting from injury or infection and characterized by swelling and pain

{n: aerodontalgia} pain in the teeth that results from a change in air pressure (as in flying or mountain climbing)

{n: afterpains} pains felt by a woman after her baby is born; associated with contractions of the uterus

{n: agony, suffering, excruciation} a state of acute pain

{n: agony, torment, torture} intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain
"an agony of doubt"
"the torments of the damned"

{n: algolagnia, algophilia} sexual pleasure derived from inflicting or experiencing pain

{n: algometer} device for measuring pain caused by pressure

{n: algometry} measuring sensitivity to pain or pressure

{n: algophobia} a morbid fear of pain

{n: analgesia} absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness

{n: analgesic, anodyne, painkiller, pain pill} a medicine used to relieve pain

{n: angina pectoris, angina} a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart

{n: angina} any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain

{n: annoyance, bother, botheration, pain, infliction, pain in the neck, pain in the ass} something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness
"washing dishes was a nuisance before we got a dish washer"
"a bit of a bother"
"he's not a friend, he's an infliction"

{n: arthralgia} pain in a joint or joints

{n: badness, severity, severeness} used of the degree of something undesirable e.g. pain or weather

{n: beta endorphin} an endorphin produced by the pituitary gland that suppresses pain

{n: birth pangs, labor pains, labour pains} a regularly recurrent spasm of pain that is characteristic of childbirth

{n: burn, burning} pain that feels hot as if it were on fire

{n: carelessness, sloppiness} the quality of not being careful or taking pains
<-> carefulness

{n: causalgia} a burning pain in a limb along the course of a peripheral nerve; usually associated with skin changes

{n: celecoxib, Celebrex} a Cox-2 inhibitor (trade name Celebrex) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract

{n: cellulitis} an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain

{n: cervical disc syndrome, cervical root syndrome} an abnormal condition resulting from compression of spinal nerve roots in the neck region; involves neck pains and muscular weakness and paresthesia

{n: chest pain} pain in the chest

{n: chiralgia} a pain in the hand that is not traumatic

{n: chiropractic} a method of treatment that manipulates body structures (especially the spine) to relieve low back pain or even headache or high blood pressure

{n: cholecystectomy} surgical removal of the gall bladder (usually for relief of gallstone pain)

{n: codeine} derivative of opium; used as an antitussive (to relieve coughing) and an analgesic (to relive pain)

{n: colic, intestinal colic, gripes, griping} acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)

{n: comfort, comfortableness} a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain
"he is a man who enjoys his comfort"
"she longed for the comfortableness of her armchair"
<-> discomfort

{n: common dogbane, spreading dogbane, rheumatism weed, Apocynum androsaemifolium} North American perennial having pinkish flowers in loose cymes; used in folk medicine for pain or inflammation in joints

{n: complaint} (formerly) a loud cry (or repeated cries) of pain or rage or sorrow

{n: courage, courageousness, bravery, braveness} a quality of spirit that enables you to face danger or pain without showing fear
<-> cowardice

{n: cruelty, inhuman treatment} a cruel act; a deliberate infliction of pain and suffering

{n: cry, yell} a loud utterance of emotion (especially when inarticulate)
"a cry of rage"
"a yell of pain"

{n: cyclooxygenase-2, Cox-2} an enzyme that makes prostaglandins that cause inflammation and pain and fever
"the beneficial effects of NSAIDs result from their ability to block Cox-2"

{n: danger} a cause of pain or injury or loss
"he feared the dangers of traveling by air"

{n: decompression sickness, aeroembolism, air embolism, gas embolism, caisson disease, bends} pain resulting from rapid change in pressure

{n: dermatomyositis} myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and selling accompanied by skin rash affecting cheeks and eyelids and neck and chest and limbs; progression and severity vary among individuals

{n: discomfort, uncomfortableness} the state of being tense and feeling pain
<-> comfort

{n: distress} extreme physical pain
"the patient appeared to be in distress"

{n: dol} a unit of pain intensity

{n: easing, easement, alleviation, relief} the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance)
"he asked the nurse for relief from the constant pain"

{n: encephalitis, cephalitis, phrenitis} inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)

{n: endometriosis, adenomyosis} the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea

{n: epidemic pleurodynia, epidemic myalgia, myosis, diaphragmatic pleurisy, Bornholm disease} an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain (usually in the chest)

{n: fear, fearfulness, fright} an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight)
<-> fearlessness

{n: flash, flashing} a short vivid experience
"a flash of emotion swept over him"
"the flashings of pain were a warning"

{n: fomentation} application of warm wet coverings to a part of the body to relieve pain and inflammation

{n: glossalgia, glossodynia} pain in the tongue

{n: gonorrhea, gonorrhoea, clap} a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra

{n: groan, moan} an utterance expressing pain or disapproval

{n: growing pains} emotional distress arising during adolescence

{n: growing pains} pain in muscles or joints sometimes experienced by children and often attributed to rapid growth

{n: growing pains} problems that arise in enlarging an enterprise (especially in the early stages)

{n: headache, head ache, cephalalgia} pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs

{n: hell, hell on earth, hellhole, snake pit, the pits, inferno} any place of pain and turmoil
"the hell of battle"
"the inferno of the engine room"
"when you're alone Christmas is the pits";

{n: hemorrhoid, haemorrhoid, piles} pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter

{n: herpangia} a viral infection (usually in children) marked by sore throat and fever and papules in the mouth and throat and headache and abdominal pain; usually subsides in a short time

{n: howl, howling, ululation} a long loud emotional utterance
"he gave a howl of pain"
"howls of laughter"
"their howling had no effect"

{n: hydromorphone hydrochloride, hydromorphone, Dilaudid} a narcotic analgesic (trade name Dilaudid) used to treat moderate to severe pain

{n: hyperventilation} an increased depth and rate of breathing greater than demanded by the body needs; can cause dizziness and tingling of the fingers and toes and chest pain if continued

{n: ibuprofen, isobutylphenyl propionic acid, Advil, Motrin, Nuprin} a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic

{n: ill health, unhealthiness, health problem} a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain
<-> good health

{n: inflammation, redness, rubor} a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat

{n: infliction} an act causing pain or damage

{n: infrared therapy} the use of infrared radiation (as by infrared lamps or heating pads or hot water bottles) to relieve pain and increase circulation to a particular area of the body

{n: intermittent claudication} lameness due to pain in leg muscles because the blood supply is inadequate; pain subsides with rest

{n: irritable bowel syndrome, spastic colon, mucous colitis} recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhea (often alternating with periods of constipation); often associated with emotional stress

{n: keratalgia} pain in the cornea

{n: labor pain} pain and discomfort associated with contractions of the uterus during labor

{n: lenitive} remedy that eases pain and discomfort

{n: liniment, embrocation} a medicinal liquid that is rubbed into the skin to relieve muscular stiffness and pain

{n: long-sufferance, long-suffering} patient endurance of pain or unhappiness

{n: lumbago, lumbar pain} backache affecting the lumbar region or lower back; can be caused by muscle strain or arthritis or vascular insufficiency or a ruptured intervertebral disc

{n: malabsorption syndrome} a pattern of symptoms including loss of appetite and bloating and weight loss and muscle pain and steatorrhea; associated with celiac disease and sprue and cystic fibrosis

{n: mastalgia} pain in the breast

{n: mefenamic acid, Ponstel} a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug (trade name Ponstel) used to treat mild pain (especially menstrual cramps)

{n: melagra} rheumatic or myalgic pains in the arms or legs

{n: menthol} a crystalline compound that has the cool and minty taste and odor that occurs naturally in peppermint oil; used as a flavoring and in medicine to relieve itching, pain, and nasal congestion

{n: meperidine, meperidine hydrochloride, Demerol} a synthetic narcotic drug (trade name Demerol) used to treat pain

{n: meralgia} pain in the thigh

{n: meteortropism} an effect of climate on biological processes (as the effect on joint pains etc.)

{n: methyl salicylate, birch oil, sweet-birch oil} a liquid ester with a strong odor of wintergreen; applied externally for minor muscle and joint pain

{n: metralgia} pain in the uterus

{n: midazolam, Versed} an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures

{n: mittelschmerz} pain in the area of the ovary that is felt at the time of ovulation (usually midway through the menstrual cycle)

{n: morphine, morphia} an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain

{n: mortification} (Christianity) the act of mortifying the lusts of the flesh by self-denial and privation (especially by bodily pain or discomfort inflicted on yourself)

{n: myalgia, myodynia} pain in a muscle or group of muscles

{n: naproxen, Naprosyn} a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Naprosyn) used in the treatment of arthritis and musculoskeletal inflammation and moderate pain

{n: narcotic} a drug that produces numbness or stupor; often taken for pleasure or to reduce pain; extensive use can lead to addiction

{n: natural childbirth} labor and childbirth without medical intervention; no drugs are given to relieve pain or aid the birth process
"natural childbirth is considered the safest for the baby"

{n: necrotizing enteritis} enteritis characterized by bloody diarrhea and severe abdominal pain

{n: nephralgia} pain in the kidney (usually felt in the loins)

{n: neuralgia, neuralgy} acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves

{n: neuritis} inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function

{n: odynophagia} severe pain on swallowing due to a disorder of the esophagus

{n: orchidalgia} pain in the testes

{n: orchitis} inflammation of one or both testes; characterized by pain and swelling

{n: ozone sickness} illness that can occur to persons exposed to ozone in high-altitude aircraft; characterized by sleepiness and headache and chest pains and itchiness

{n: pain threshold} the lowest intensity of stimulation at which pain is experienced
"some people have much higher pain thresholds than do other people"

{n: pain unit} a unit measuring the intensity of pain

{n: pain, hurting} a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder
"the patient developed severe pain and distension"

{n: pain, pain in the neck, nuisance} a bothersome annoying person
"that kid is a terrible pain"

{n: pain, pain sensation, painful sensation} a somatic sensation of acute discomfort
"as the intensity increased the sensation changed from tickle to pain"

{n: pain, painfulness} emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid
"the pain of loneliness"
<-> pleasure

{n: palliation} easing the severity of a pain or a disease without removing the cause

{n: palliative, alleviant, alleviator} remedy that alleviates pain without curing

{n: pancreatitis} inflammation of the pancreas; usually marked by abdominal pain

{n: pang, sting} a mental pain or distress
"a pang of conscience"

{n: pang} a sharp spasm of pain

{n: parathion poisoning} a toxic condition resulting from inhalation or ingestion of the insecticide parathion; characterized by nausea and abdominal pains and headache and convulsions and sweating

{n: pelvic inflammatory disease, PID} inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms (chiefly gonococci and chlamydia); symptoms are abdominal pain and fever and foul-smelling vaginal discharge

{n: phantom limb pain} pain felt by an amputee that seems to be located in the missing limb

{n: phantom limb syndrome} syndrome consisting of discomfort or pain in a limb that has been amputated

{n: photalgia, photophobia} pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism)

{n: pleasure principle, pleasure-pain principle, pleasure-unpleasure principle} (psychoanalysis) the governing principle of the id; the principle that an infant seeks gratification and fails to distinguish fantasy from reality
<-> reality principle

{n: pleasure, pleasance} a fundamental feeling that is hard to define but that people desire to experience
"he was tingling with pleasure"
<-> pain

{n: pleurodynia, pleuralgia, costalgia} pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs

{n: podalgia} foot pain

{n: polymyositis} myositis characterized by weakness of limb and neck muscles and much muscle pain and swelling; progression and severity vary among individuals

{n: porphyria} a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion

{n: proctalgia} pain in the rectum

{n: prostatitis} inflammation of the prostate gland characterized by perineal pain and irregular urination and (if severe) chills and fever

{n: quick} any area of the body that is highly sensitive to pain (as the flesh underneath the skin or a fingernail or toenail)

{n: rack} a form of torture in which pain is inflicted by stretching the body

{n: rebound tenderness} pain felt when a hand pressing on the abdomen is suddenly released; a symptom of peritoneal inflammation

{n: referred pain} pain that is felt at a place in the body different from the injured or diseased part where the pain would be expected
"angina pectoris can cause referred pain in the left shoulder"
"pain in the right shoulder can be referred pain from gallbladder disease"

{n: regional enteritis, regional ileitis, Crohn's disease} a serious chronic and progressive inflammation of the ileum producing frequent bouts of diarrhea with abdominal pain and nausea and fever and weight loss

{n: relapsing fever, recurrent fever} marked by recurring high fever and transmitted by the bite of infected lice or ticks; characterized by episodes of high fever and chills and headache and muscle pain and nausea that recur every week or ten days for several months

{n: remedy, curative, cure, therapeutic} a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain

{n: renal colic} sharp pain in the lower back that radiates into the groin; associated with the passage of a renal calculus through the ureter

{n: rhizotomy} surgical procedure in which spinal nerve roots are cut; done (anterior roots) to relieve intractable pain or (posterior roots) to stop severe muscle spasms

{n: rofecoxib, Vioxx} a Cox-2 inhibitor (trade name Vioxx) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract; voluntarily withdrawn from the market in 2004

{n: sadist} someone who obtains pleasure from inflicting pain or others
<-> masochist

{n: sensitivity, sensitiveness, sensibility} (physiology) responsiveness to external stimuli; the faculty of sensation
"sensitivity to pain"

{n: shigellosis, bacillary dysentery} an acute infection of the intestine by shigella bacteria; characterized by diarrhea and fever and abdominal pains

{n: side} either the left or right half of a body
"he had a pain in his side"

{n: smart, smarting, smartness} a kind of pain such as that caused by a wound or a burn or a sore

{n: somatosense} any of the sensory systems that mediate sensations of pressure and tickle and warmth and cold and vibration and limb position and limb movement and pain

{n: spondylitis} inflammation of a spinal joint; characterized by pain and stiffness

{n: stiffness} the property of moving with pain or difficulty
"he awoke with a painful stiffness in his neck"

{n: sting, stinging} a kind of pain; something as sudden and painful as being stung
"the sting of death"
"he felt the stinging of nettles"

{n: stitchwort, greater stitchwort, starwort, Stellaria holostea} low-growing north temperate herb having small white star-shaped flowers; named for its alleged ability to ease sharp pains in the side

{n: stitch} a sharp spasm of pain in the side resulting from running

{n: stoicism, stolidity, stolidness} an indifference to pleasure or pain

{n: strain} injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain

{n: striving, nisus, pains, strain} an effortful attempt to attain a goal

{n: sufferance} patient endurance especially of pain or distress

{n: suffering, hurt} feelings of mental or physical pain

{n: synovitis} inflammation of the synovial membrane that lines a synovial joint; results in pain and swelling

{n: systemic lupus erythematosus, SLE, disseminated lupus erythematosus} an inflammatory disease of connective tissue with variable features including fever and weakness and fatigability and joint pains and skin lesions on the face or neck or arms

{n: tabes dorsalis, locomotor ataxia} syphilis of the spinal cord characterized by degeneration of sensory neurons and stabbing pains in the trunk and legs and unsteady gait and incontinence and impotence

{n: tactual sensation, tactility, touch perception, skin perceptiveness} the faculty of perceiving (via the skin) pressure or heat or pain

{n: tenderness, soreness, rawness} a pain that is felt (as when the area is touched)
"the best results are generally obtained by inserting the needle into the point of maximum tenderness"
"after taking a cold, rawness of the larynx and trachea come on"

{n: thermalgesia} pain caused by heat

{n: throb} a deep pulsating type of pain

{n: throe} severe spasm of pain
"the throes of dying"
"the throes of childbirth"

{n: torture, torment} unbearable physical pain

{n: torturer} someone who inflicts severe physical pain (usually for punishment or coercion)

{n: trench fever} marked by pain in muscles and joints and transmitted by lice

{n: trial, trial run, test, tryout} trying something to find out about it
"a sample for ten days free trial"
"a trial of progesterone failed to relieve the pain"

{n: trouble} an event causing distress or pain
"what is the trouble?"
"heart trouble"

{n: twinge} a sharp stab of pain

{n: ulalgia} pain in the gums

{n: ulcerative colitis} a serious chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum characterized by recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and fever and chills and profuse diarrhea

{n: urodynia} pain during urination

{n: wince, flinch} a reflex response to sudden pain

{n: wince} the facial expression of sudden pain

{n: yelling, shouting} uttering a loud inarticulate cry as of pain or excitement

{v: ache, smart, hurt} be the source of pain

{v: act up} make itself felt as a recurring pain
"My arthritis is acting up again"

{v: afflict, smite} cause pain or suffering in
"afflict with the plague"
"That debasement of the verbal currency that afflicts terms used in advertisement"

{v: afflict, trouble, ail, pain} cause bodily suffering to

{v: anguish} suffer great pains or distress

{v: bite, sting, burn} cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort
"The sun burned his face"

{v: comfort, ease} lessen pain or discomfort ; alleviate
"ease the pain in your legs"

{v: cry, weep} shed tears because of sadness, rage, or pain
"She cried bitterly when she heard the news of his death"
"The girl in the wheelchair wept with frustration when she could not get up the stairs"
<-> laugh

{v: die} suffer or face the pain of death
"Martyrs may die every day for their faith"

{v: distress} cause mental pain to
"The news of her child's illness distressed the mother"

{v: dominate, master} have dominance or the power to defeat over
"Her pain completely mastered her"
"The methods can master the problems"

{v: double over, double, double up} bend over or curl up, usually with laughter or pain
"He doubled and vomited violently"

{v: evanesce, fade, blow over, pass off, fleet, pass} disappear gradually
"The pain eventually passed off"

{v: flinch, squinch, funk, cringe, shrink, wince, recoil, quail} draw back, as with fear or pain
"she flinched when they showed the slaughtering of the calf"

{v: groan, moan, sough} indicate pain, discomfort, or displeasure
"The students groaned when the professor got out the exam booklets"
"The ancient door soughed when opened"

{v: grow, develop, produce, get, acquire} come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes)
"He grew a beard"
"The patient developed abdominal pains"
"I got funny spots all over my body"
"Well-developed breasts"

{v: hurt, ache, suffer} feel physical pain
"Were you hurting after the accident?"

{v: hurt} give trouble or pain to
"This exercise will hurt your back"

{v: kill} be the source of great pain for
"These new shoes are killing me!"

{v: nettle, urticate} sting with or as with nettles and cause a stinging pain or sensation

{v: pain, anguish, hurt} cause emotional anguish or make miserable
"It pains me to see my children not being taught well in school"

{v: pinch, vellicate} irritate as if by a nip, pinch, or tear
"smooth surfaces can vellicate the teeth"
"the pain is as if sharp points pinch your back"

{v: prick, sting, twinge} cause a stinging pain
"The needle pricked his skin"

{v: prick} to cause a sharp emotional pain
"The thought of her unhappiness pricked his conscience"

{v: relieve, alleviate, palliate, assuage} provide physical relief, as from pain
"This pill will relieve your headaches"

{v: remit} diminish or abate
"The pain finally remitted"

{v: seize, clutch, get hold of} affect
"Fear seized the prisoners"
"The patient was seized with unberable pains"
"He was seized with a dreadful disease"

{v: shoot} cause a sharp and sudden pain in
"The pain shot up her leg"

{v: shout, shout out, cry, call, yell, scream, holler, hollo, squall} utter a sudden loud cry
"she cried with pain when the doctor inserted the needle"
"I yelled to her from the window but she couldn't hear me"

{v: soothe} cause to feel better
"the medicine soothes the pain of the inflammation"
<-> irritate

{v: sting} cause an emotional pain, as if by stinging
"His remark stung her"

{v: subside, lessen} wear off or die down
"The pain subsided"

{v: suffer, hurt} feel pain or be in pain
<-> be well

{v: suffer} endure (emotional pain)
"Every time her husband gets drunk, she suffers"

{v: take pains, be at pains} try very hard to do something

{v: try} give pain or trouble to
"I've been sorely tried by these students"

{v: twang} twitch or throb with pain

{v: twinge} feel a sudden sharp, local pain

{v: wail, whimper, mewl, pule} cry weakly or softly
"she wailed with pain"

{v: worsen, aggravate, exacerbate, exasperate} make worse
"This drug aggravates the pain"
<-> better

{v: wring, wrench} twist and compress, as if in pain or anguish
"Wring one's hand"


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