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{adj: Taoist} of or relating to the philosophical system developed by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life

{adj: deconstructionist} of or concerned with the philosophical theory of literature known as deconstructionism
"deconstructionist criticism"

{adj: dualistic, Manichaean} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of dualism
"a Manichaean conflict between good and evil"

{adj: esoteric} confined to and understandable by only an enlightened inner circle
"a compilation of esoteric philosophical theories"
<-> exoteric

{adj: ethical} of or relating to the philosophical study of ethics
"ethical codes"
"ethical theories"

{adj: etiological, etiologic, aetiological, aetiologic} of or relating to the philosophical study of causation

{adj: ideal, idealistic} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of the reality of ideas

{adj: mechanistic} of or relating to the philosophical theory of mechanism

{adj: monistic} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of monism
"the monistic school would regard national law and international law as an integrated whole"- J.S.Roucek

{adj: nonphilosophical, nonphilosophic} not philosophical
<-> philosophical

{adj: philosophic, philosophical} of or relating to philosophy or philosophers
"philosophical writing"
"a considerable knowledge of philosophical terminology"

{adj: philosophical, philosophic} characteristic of or imbued with the attitude of a philosopher or based on philosophy
"that breadth of outlook that distinguishes the philosophic mind"
"their differences were philosophical"
<-> nonphilosophical

{adj: philosophical, philosophic} characterized by the attitude of a philosopher; meeting trouble with level-headed detachment
"philosophical resignation"
"a philosophic attitude toward life"

{adj: pluralistic} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of pluralism
"a pluralistic culture"

{adj: rationalistic} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of rationalism

{adj: realistic} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of realism
"a realistic system of thought"

{adj: relativistic} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of relativism

{adj: scholastic} of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of scholasticism
"scholastic philosophy"

{n: Angst} an acute but unspecific feeling of anxiety; usually reserved for philosophical anxiety about the world or about personal freedom

{n: Aquinas, Thomas Aquinas, Saint Thomas, St. Thomas, Saint Thomas Aquinas, St. Thomas Aquinas} (Roman Catholic Church) Italian theologian and Doctor of the Church who is remembered for his attempt to reconcile faith and reason in a comprehensive theology; presented philosophical proofs of the existence of God (1225-1274)

{n: British empiricism} the predominant philosophical tradition in Great Britain since the 17th century

{n: Confucius, Kongfuze, K'ung Futzu, Kong the Master} Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings were collected after his death and became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism (circa 551-478 BC)

{n: Darsana} (from the Sanskrit word for `to see') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on the nature of reality and the release from bondage to karma

{n: Diderot, Denis Diderot} French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France; principal editor of an encyclopedia that disseminated the scientific and philosophical knowledge of the time (1713-1784)

{n: Hinduism, Hindooism} a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils

{n: Mimamsa} (from the Sanskrit word for `reflection' or `interpretation') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on ritual traditions rooted in the Vedas and the Brahmanas as opposed to Vedanta which relies mostly on the Upanishads

{n: Neoplatonism} a system of philosophical and theological doctrines composed of elements of Platonism and Aristotelianism and oriental mysticism; its most distinctive doctrine holds that the first principle and source of reality transcends being and thought and is naturally unknowable
"Neoplatonism was predominant in pagan Europe until the 6th century"
"Neoplatonism was a major influence on early Christian writers and on later medieval and Renaissance thought and on Islamic philosophy"

{n: Platonism, realism} (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names

{n: Stoicism} (philosophy) the philosophical system of the Stoics following the teachings of the ancient Greek philosopher Zeno

{n: Taoism, Daoism} philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events

{n: Taoism, Hsuan Chiao} popular Chinese philosophical system based in teachings of Lao-tzu but characterized by a pantheism of many gods and the practices of alchemy and divination and magic

{n: Vedanta} (from the Sanskrit for `end of the Veda') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas

{n: aesthetic, esthetic} (philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful
"he despised the esthetic of minimalism"

{n: deconstruction, deconstructionism} a philosophical theory of criticism (usually of literature or film) that seeks to expose deep-seated contradictions in a work by delving below its surface meaning

{n: deconstructivism} a school of architecture based on the philosophical theory of deconstruction

{n: determinism} (philosophy) a philosophical theory holding that all events are inevitable consequences of antecedent sufficient causes; often understood as denying the possibility of free will

{n: doctrine, philosophy, philosophical system, school of thought, ism} a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school

{n: dynamism} any of the various theories or doctrines or philosophical systems that attempt to explain the phenomena of the universe in terms of some immanent force or energy

{n: environmentalism} the philosophical doctrine that environment is more important than heredity in determining intellectual growth
<-> hereditarianism

{n: epistemology} the philosophical theory of knowledge

{n: ethics, moral philosophy} the philosophical study of moral values and rules

{n: etiology, aetiology} the philosophical study of causation

{n: excerpt, excerption, extract, selection} a passage selected from a larger work
"he presented excerpts from William James' philosophical writings"

{n: existentialism, existential philosophy, existentialist philosophy} (philosophy) a 20th-century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves

{n: fatalism} a philosophical doctrine holding that all events are predetermined in advance for all time and human beings are powerless to change them

{n: formalism} (philosophy) the philosophical theory that formal (logical or mathematical) statements have no meaning but that its symbols (regarded as physical entities) exhibit a form that has useful applications

{n: hereditarianism} the philosophical doctrine that heredity is more important than environment in determining intellectual growth
<-> environmentalism

{n: idealism} (philosophy) the philosophical theory that ideas are the only reality

{n: logicism} (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all of mathematics can be derived from formal logic

{n: materialism, physicalism} (philosophy) the philosophical theory that matter is the only reality

{n: mechanism} (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes

{n: meditation} (religion) contemplation of spiritual matters (usually on religious or philosophical subjects)

{n: metaphysics} the philosophical study of being and knowing

{n: nativism} (philosophy) the philosophical theory that some ideas are innate

{n: phenomenology} a philosophical doctrine proposed by Edmund Husserl based on the study of human experience in which considerations of objective reality are not taken into account

{n: philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory} a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy

{n: philosophizer, philosophiser} someone who considers situations from a philosophical point of view

{n: pragmatist} an adherent of philosophical pragmatism

{n: realism, naive realism} (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that physical objects continue to exist when not perceived

{n: relativism} (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that all criteria of judgment are relative to the individuals and situations involved

{n: sage} a mentor in spiritual and philosophical topics who is renowned for profound wisdom

{n: semiotics, semiology} (philosophy) a philosophical theory of the functions of signs and symbols

{n: solipsism} (philosophy) the philosophical theory that the self is all that you know to exist

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