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{adj: antiadrenergic} relating to blocking or reducing adrenergic effects in the body

{adj: antipollution} intended to reduce pollution
"antipollution laws"
"antipollution devices on automobile exhaust systems"

{adj: attenuate, attenuated, faded, weakened} reduced in strength
"the faded tones of an old recording"

{adj: attenuated} of an electrical signal; reduced in amplitude with little or no distortion

{adj: back-geared, double-geared} (of a lathe) equipped with gearing for reducing the speed of the spindle from that of the driving pulley
"a back-geared lathe"

{adj: basic, canonic, canonical} reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality
"a basic story line"
"a canonical syllable pattern"

{adj: blotted out, obliterate, obliterated} reduced to nothingness

{adj: clement} (used of persons or behavior) inclined to show mercy
"a more clement judge reduced the sentence"
<-> inclement

{adj: compressed} reduced in volume by pressure
"compressed air"

{adj: concentrated} of or relating to a solution whose dilution has been reduced

{adj: contracted} reduced in size or pulled together
"the contracted pupils of her eyes"
<-> expanded

{adj: crunched} reduced to small pieces
"crunched nuts"

{adj: cut, slashed} (used of rates or prices) reduced usually sharply
"the slashed prices attracted buyers"

{adj: decreased, reduced} made less in size or amount or degree
<-> increased

{adj: diluted, dilute} reduced in strength or concentration or quality or purity
"diluted alcohol"
"a dilute solution"
"dilute acetic acid"
<-> undiluted

{adj: dim-sighted, near-blind, purblind, sand-blind, visually impaired, visually challenged} having greatly reduced vision

{adj: dissolved} (of solid matter) reduced to a liquid form
"add the dissolved gelatin"

{adj: friable} easily broken into small fragments or reduced to powder
"friable sandstone"
"friable carcinomatous tissue"
"friable curds formed in the stomach"

{adj: homogenized, homogenised} formed by blending unlike elements especially by reducing one element to particles and dispersing them throughout another substance

{adj: infinitesimal, minute, microscopic} infinitely or immeasurably small
"two minute whiplike threads of protoplasm"
"reduced to a microscopic scale"

{adj: liquefied, liquified} reduced to a liquid state
"liquefied petroleum gas"

{adj: lubricated, greased} smeared with oil or grease to reduce friction
<-> unlubricated

{adj: minimized} reduced to the smallest possible size or amount or degree

{adj: molten, liquefied, liquified} reduced to liquid form by heating
"a mass of molten rock"

{adj: narrowed} having the opening reduced squeezed

{adj: narrowed} reduced in size as by squeezing together
"his narrowed eyes"

{adj: nonskid} designed to reduce or prevent skidding
"nonskid tires"

{adj: nonslip} designed to reduce or prevent slipping
"a nonslip surface"

{adj: reduced, rock-bottom} well below normal (especially in price)

{adj: reducible} capable of being reduced
"reducible to a set of principles of human nature"- Edmund Wilson
<-> irreducible

{adj: scalelike} reduced to a small appressed thing that resembles a scale
"scalelike leaves"

{adj: shriveled, shrivelled, shrunken} reduced in efficacy or vitality or intensity
"our shriveled receipts during the storm"
"as the project wore on she found her enthusiasm shriveled"
"the dollar's shrunken buying power"

{adj: shrunk, shrunken} reduced in size by being drawn together
"the shrunken dress was entirely too tight to wear"

{adj: silenced} reduced to silence
"the silenced crowd waited expectantly"
<-> unsilenced

{adj: subjugated} reduced to submission
"subjugated peoples"

{adj: syncretic, syncretical, syncretistic, syncretistical} relating to a historical tendency for a language to reduce its use of inflections
"modern English is a syncretic language"

{adj: systematized, systematised} reduced to a system
"systematized knowledge"

{adj: trial-and-error} trying out various means or theories until error is satisfactorily reduced or eliminated
"he argued that all learning is a trial-and-error process that resembles biological evolution"

{adj: unshrinkable} incapable of being shrunk or diminished or reduced
<-> shrinkable

{adv: proportionately} in proportion
"the height of this wall must be reduced proportionately to give the room pleasant dimensions"
<-> disproportionately

{n: Agrobacterium, genus Agrobacterium} small motile bacterial rods that can reduce nitrates and cause galls on plant stems

{n: Anguilliformes, order Anguilliformes, order Apodes} elongate fishes with pelvic fins and girdle absent or reduced

{n: Babbitt metal, babbitt} an alloy of tin with some copper and antimony; a lining for bearings that reduces friction

{n: Brachyura, suborder Brachyura} an order of crustaceans (including true crabs) having a reduced abdomen folded against the ventral surface

{n: Brandt, Willy Brandt} German statesman who as chancellor of West Germany worked to reduce tensions with eastern Europe (1913-1992)

{n: Bureau of Justice Assistance, BJA} the bureau in the Department of Justice that assists local criminal justice systems to reduce or prevent crime and violence and drug abuse

{n: Cox-2 inhibitor} an anti-inflammatory drug that blocks Cox-2 activity without impeding the activity of Cox-1
"Cox-2 inhibitors reduce the symptoms of arthritis without endangering the stomach and kidneys"

{n: Cycadales, order Cycadales} primitive tropical gymnosperms abundant in the Mesozoic, now reduced to a few scattered tropical forms

{n: Dolby, Ray M. Dolby} United States electrical engineer who devised the Dolby system used to reduce background noise in tape recording

{n: Eleocharis, genus Eleocharis} sedges having dense spikes of flowers and leaves reduced to basal sheaths

{n: Environmental Protection Agency, EPA} an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment

{n: European Union, EU, European Community, EC, European Economic Community, EEC, Common Market, Europe} an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
"he took Britain into Europe"

{n: Klinefelter's syndrome, Klinefelter syndrome, XXY-syndrome} syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male

{n: Maksutov telescope} reflecting telescope in which the aberration of the concave mirror is reduced by a meniscus lens

{n: Yosemite, Yosemite Falls} a series of waterfalls in Yosemite National Park in California; is reduced to a trickle for part of each year

{n: ablation} the erosive process that reduces the size of glaciers

{n: activation energy, energy of activation} the energy that an atomic system must acquire before a process (such as an emission or reaction) can occur
"catalysts are said to reduce the energy of activation during the transition phase of a reaction"

{n: adiposity, adiposeness, fattiness} having the property of containing fat
"he recommended exercise to reduce my adiposity"

{n: admixture, alloy} the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something

{n: air pollution} pollution of the atmosphere
"air pollution reduced the visibility"

{n: airbrake, dive brake} a small parachute or articulated flap to reduce the speed of an aircraft

{n: angina pectoris, angina} a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart

{n: anti-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory drug} a medicine intended to reduce inflammation

{n: antiflatulent} any agent that reduces intestinal gas

{n: antihypertensive, antihypertensive drug} a drug that reduces high blood pressure

{n: antiknock} any of various compounds that are added to gasoline to reduce engine knocking

{n: antiperspirant} an astringent substance applied to the skin to reduce perspiration

{n: arginine} a bitter tasting amino acid found in proteins and necessary for nutrition; its absence from the diet leads to a reduced production of spermatozoa

{n: atomism} (psychology) a theory that reduces all mental phenomena to simple elements (sensations and feelings) that form complex ideas by association

{n: atomization, atomisation} annihilation by reducing something to atoms

{n: atorvastatin, Lipitor} an oral drug (trade name Lipitor) that is effective in lowering triglycerides; potent in reducing LDL cholesterol because higher doses can be given

{n: attenuation} the property of something that has been weakened or reduced in thickness or density

{n: back burner} reduced priority
"dozens of cases were put on the back burner"
<-> front burner

{n: bank, cant, camber} a slope in the turn of a road or track; the outside is higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force

{n: beggary, mendicancy, mendicity} the state of being a beggar or mendicant
"they were reduced to mendicancy"

{n: bilge keel} either of two lengthwise fins attached along the outside of a ship's bilge; reduces rolling

{n: blennioid fish, blennioid} elongated mostly scaleless marine fishes with large pectoral fins and reduced pelvic fins

{n: block grant} a grant of federal money to state and local governments to support social welfare programs
"block grants reduce federal responsibility for social welfare"

{n: bloodletting} formerly used as a treatment to reduce excess blood (one of the four humors of medieval medicine)

{n: bookclub} a club that people join in order to buy selected books at reduced prices

{n: bourguignon, bourguignon sauce, Burgundy sauce} reduced red wine with onions and parsley and thyme and butter

{n: budget cut} the act of reducing budgeted expenditures

{n: buffer, fender} a cushion-like device that reduces shock due to contact

{n: bushing, cylindrical lining} a cylindrical metal lining used to reduce friction

{n: calcium hydride, hydrolith} a saltlike binary compound (CaH2) used as a reducing agent and source of hydrogen

{n: carvedilol} beta blocker that can reduce the progression of heart failure in individuals whose disease is not advanced

{n: cataphyll} a reduced or scarcely developed leaf at the start of a plant's life (i.e., cotyledons) or in the early stages of leaf development

{n: cerivastatin, Baycol} an oral drug (trade name Baycol) to reduce blood cholesterol levels

{n: chicane} a movable barrier used in motor racing; sometimes place before a dangerous corner to reduce speed as cars pass in single file

{n: clearance sale, inventory-clearance sale} a sale to reduce inventory

{n: clofibrate, Atromid-S} a drug (trade name Atromid-S) that reduces lipids in the blood serum; used to treat some cardiovascular diseases

{n: colobus, colobus monkey} arboreal monkey of western and central Africa with long silky fur and reduced thumbs

{n: commutation ticket, season ticket} a ticket good for several trips or to attend a season of entertainments; sold at a reduced rate

{n: compensating balance, offsetting balance} a minimum credit balance that a bank may require a borrower to keep on deposit as a condition for granting a loan; a common requirement for establishing a line of credit at a bank
"the compensating balance increases the effective interest rate to the bank since the net amount loaned is reduced but the interest paid is unchanged"

{n: complex instruction set computing, complex instruction set computer, CISC} (computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a large number of instructions hard coded into the CPU chip
<-> RISC, reduced instruction set computer, reduced instruction set computing

{n: compression} encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required
<-> decompression

{n: compress} a cloth pad or dressing (with or without medication) applied firmly to some part of the body (to relieve discomfort or reduce fever)

{n: concentrate} a concentrated form of a foodstuff; the bulk is reduced by removing water

{n: conscience money} payment made voluntarily to reduce guilt over dishonest dealings

{n: constriction, bottleneck, chokepoint} a narrowing that reduces the flow through a channel

{n: corticosteroid, corticoid, adrenal cortical steroid} a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response
"adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"

{n: counterirritant} a medicine applied locally to produce superficial inflammation in order to reduce deeper inflammation

{n: crash barrier} a strong protective barrier that is erected around a racetrack or in the middle of a dual-lane highway in order to reduce the likelihood of severe accidents

{n: crematory, crematorium, cremation chamber} a furnace where a corpse can be burned and reduced to ashes

{n: cut} the act of reducing the amount or number
"the mayor proposed extensive cuts in the city budget"

{n: day return} a return ticket (at reduced fare) for traveling both ways in the same day

{n: decrease, diminution, reduction, step-down} the act of decreasing or reducing something
<-> increase

{n: defense mechanism, defense reaction, defence mechanism, defence reaction, defense, defence} (psychiatry) an unconscious process that tries to reduce the anxiety associated with instinctive desires

{n: demand} the ability and desire to purchase goods and services
"the automobile reduced the demand for buggywhips"
"the demand exceeded the supply"
<-> supply

{n: depopulation} the condition of having reduced numbers of inhabitants (or no inhabitants at all)

{n: depressor, depressor nerve} any nerve whose activity tends to reduce the activity or tone of the body part it serves

{n: desensitization, desensitisation} the process of reducing sensitivity
"the patient was desensitized to the allergen"

{n: deterioration, impairment} a symptom of reduced quality or strength

{n: devitalization, devitalisation} the act of reducing the vitality of something

{n: dilution} weakening (reducing the concentration) by the addition of water or a thinner
<-> concentration

{n: dimness, subduedness} the property of lights or sounds that lack brilliance or are reduced in intensity

{n: dipterous insect, two-winged insects, dipteran, dipteron} insects having usually a single pair of functional wings (anterior pair) with the posterior pair reduced to small knobbed structures and mouth parts adapted for sucking or lapping or piercing

{n: disarming, disarmament} act of reducing or depriving of arms
"the disarmament of the aggressor nations must be complete"
<-> armament, arming

{n: discount, price reduction, deduction} the act of reducing the selling price of merchandise

{n: double blind} a test procedure in which the identity of those receiving the intervention is concealed from both the administrators and the subjects until after the test is completed; designed to reduce or eliminate bias in the results

{n: double glazing} a window with two panes of glass and a space between them; reduces heat and noise transmission through the window

{n: drape} a sterile covering arranged over a patient's body during a medical examination or during surgery in order to reduce the possibility of contamination

{n: dutch auction} a method of selling in which the price is reduced until a buyer is found

{n: dynamic balance} (aeronautics) the state of equilibrium in which centrifugal forces due to a rotating mass (e.g., a propeller) do not produce force in the shaft and so vibration is reduced

{n: earless seal, true seal, hair seal} any of several seals lacking external ear flaps and having a stiff hairlike coat with hind limbs reduced to swimming flippers

{n: easing, easement, alleviation, relief} the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance)
"he asked the nurse for relief from the constant pain"

{n: electromotive series, electromotive force series, electrochemical series} a serial arrangement of metallic elements or ions according to their electrode potentials determined under specified conditions; the order shows the tendency of one metal to reduce the ions of any other metal below it in the series

{n: electronic countermeasures, ECM} electronic warfare undertaken to prevent or reduce an enemy's effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum

{n: electronic warfare, EW} military action involving the use of electromagnetic energy to determine or exploit or reduce or prevent hostile use of the electromagnetic spectrum

{n: ephedra, joint fir} jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds

{n: equalizer, equaliser} electronic equipment that reduces frequency distortion

{n: evisceration} altering something (as a legislative act or a statement) in such a manner as to reduce its value
"the adoption of their amendments would have amounted to an evisceration of the act"

{n: excursion rate} a reduced rate for a round-trip ticket

{n: factor analysis} any of several methods for reducing correlational data to a smaller number of dimensions or factors; beginning with a correlation matrix a small number of components or factors are extracted that are regarded as the basic variable that account for the interrelations observed in the data

{n: fad diet} a reducing diet that enjoys temporary popularity

{n: fluidity, fluidness, liquidity, liquidness, runniness} the property of flowing easily
"adding lead makes the alloy easier to cast because the melting point is reduced and the fluidity is increased"
"they believe that fluidity increases as the water gets warmer"

{n: fog, fogginess, murk, murkiness} an atmosphere in which visibility is reduced because of a cloud of some substance

{n: golf ball} a small hard ball used in playing golf; dimpled to reduce wind resistance

{n: government, authorities, regime} the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
"the government reduced taxes"
"the matter was referred to higher authorities"

{n: group insurance} insurance that is purchased by a group (such as the employees of a company) usually at a reduced rate to individual members of the group

{n: guanabenz, Wytensin} antihypertensive drug (trade name Wytensin) that reduces blood pressure by its effect on the central nervous system

{n: gyrostabilizer, gyrostabiliser} a stabilizer consisting of a heavy gyroscope that spins on a vertical axis; reduces side-to-side rolling of a ship or plane

{n: half-pay} reduced wage paid to someone who is not working full time

{n: happy hour} the time of day when a bar sells alcoholic drinks at a reduced price

{n: haze} atmospheric moisture or dust or smoke that causes reduced visibility

{n: hedge, hedging} any technique designed to reduce or eliminate financial risk; for example, taking two positions that will offset each other if prices change

{n: hydrazine} a colorless fuming corrosive liquid; a powerful reducing agent; used chiefly in rocket fuels

{n: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy} a disorder in which the heart muscle is so strong that it does not relax enough to fill with the heart with blood and so has reduced pumping ability

{n: ice pack, ice bag} a waterproof bag filled with ice: applied to the body (especially the head) to cool or reduce swelling

{n: immunodeficiency} immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
<-> immunocompetence

{n: incineration} the act of burning something completely; reducing it to ashes

{n: indexation} a system of economic regulation: wages and interest are tied to the cost-of-living index in order to reduce the effects of inflation

{n: insulating material, insulant, insulation} a material that reduces or prevents the transmission of heat or sound or electricity

{n: insulation} the act of protecting something by surrounding it with material that reduces or prevents the transmission of sound or heat or electricity

{n: irregular, second} merchandise that has imperfections; usually sold at a reduced price without the brand name

{n: item} a whole individual unit; especially when included in a list or collection
"they reduced the price on many items"

{n: lactifuge} any agent that reduces milk secretion (as given to a woman who is not breast feeding)

{n: latent hostility, tension} feelings of hostility that are not manifest
"he could sense her latent hostility to him"
"the diplomats' first concern was to reduce international tensions"

{n: lead time} the time interval between the initiation and the completion of a production process
"the lead times for many publications can vary tremendously"
"planning is a area where lead time can be reduced"

{n: leaded gasoline} gasoline treated with a lead compound to reduce motor knocks
"combustion of leaded gasoline released lead into the air where it could cause lead poisoning"
<-> unleaded gasoline

{n: leflunomide, Arava} an anti-TNF compound (trade name Arava) that is given orally; can slow the progression of rheumatoid arthritis by slowing the proliferation of white blood cells which reduces inflammation in the synovium

{n: light beer} lager with reduced alcohol content

{n: light filter, diffusing screen} a transparent filter that reduces the light (or some wavelengths of the light) passing through it

{n: limekiln} a kiln used to reduce naturally occuring forms of calcium carbonate to lime

{n: lovastatin, Mevacor} an oral drug (trade name Mevacor) to reduce blood cholesterol levels; used when dietary changes have proved inadequate

{n: lubricant, lubricator, lubricating substance, lube} a substance capable of reducing friction by making surfaces smooth or slippery

{n: measure, step} any maneuver made as part of progress toward a goal
"the situation called for strong measures"
"the police took steps to reduce crime"

{n: meno mosso} played at reduced speed; less rapid

{n: microdot} photograph reduced to the size of a dot (usually for purposes of security)

{n: microfilm} film on which materials are photographed at greatly reduced size; useful for storage; a magnification system is used to read the material

{n: midazolam, Versed} an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures

{n: miniature, toy} copy that reproduces something in greatly reduced size

{n: miniaturization, miniaturisation} act of making on a greatly reduced scale

{n: minimization, minimisation} the act of reducing something to the least possible amount or degree or position
<-> maximization

{n: minor tranquilizer, minor tranquillizer, minor tranquilliser, antianxiety drug, anxiolytic, anxiolytic drug} a tranquilizer used to relieve anxiety and reduce tension and irritability

{n: mitigating circumstance} (law) a circumstance that does not exonerate a person but which reduces the penalty associated with the offense

{n: morphallaxis} regeneration on a reduced scale of a body part; observed especially in invertebrates such as certain lobsters

{n: mulch} a protective covering of rotting vegetable matter spread to reduce evaporation and soil erosion

{n: muscle relaxant} a drug that reduces muscle contractility by blocking the transmission of nerve impulses or by decreasing the excitability of the motor end plate or by other actions

{n: narcotic} a drug that produces numbness or stupor; often taken for pleasure or to reduce pain; extensive use can lead to addiction

{n: nephrocalcinosis} renal lithiasis in which calcium deposits form in the renal parenchyma and result in reduced kidney function and blood in the urine

{n: nephrosclerosis, nephroangiosclerosis} kidney disease that is usually associated with hypertension; sclerosis of the renal arterioles reduces blood flow that can lead to kidney failure and heart failure

{n: net sales} gross sales reduced by customer discounts, returns, freight out, and allowances

{n: night vision, night-sight, scotopic vision, twilight vision} the ability to see in reduced illumination (as in moonlight)

{n: no fault insurance, no fault automobile insurance} a system of automobile insurance where a party who is injured in an automobile accident recovers damages up to a specific amount against his own insurance company regardless of who was responsible for the accident
"the amount of litigation resulting from minor accidents is reduced by no fault insurance"

{n: nothing, nil, nix, nada, null, aught, cipher, cypher, goose egg, naught, zero, zilch, zip, zippo} a quantity of no importance
"it looked like nothing I had ever seen before"
"reduced to nil all the work we had done"
"we racked up a pathetic goose egg"
"it was all for naught"
"I didn't hear zilch about it"

{n: nymphalid, nymphalid butterfly, brush-footed butterfly, four-footed butterfly} medium to large butterflies found worldwide typically having brightly colored wings and much-reduced nonfunctional forelegs carried folded on the breast

{n: ocean sunfish, sunfish, mola, headfish} among the largest bony fish; pelagic fish having an oval compressed body with high dorsal and anal fins and caudal fin reduced to a rudder-like lobe; worldwide in warm waters

{n: opacity, opaqueness} the quality of being opaque to a degree; the degree to which something reduces the passage of light
<-> clarity

{n: oxidation-reduction indicator} an indicator that shows a reversible color change between oxidized and reduced forms

{n: pay cut, salary cut} the act of reducing a salary

{n: piquet} a card game for two players using a reduced pack of 32 cards

{n: pravastatin, Pravachol} an oral drug (trade name Pravachol) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after nonfatal heart attacks

{n: presbyopia} farsightedness resulting from a reduced ability to focus caused by loss of elasticity of the crystalline lens with age

{n: probenecid} a uricosuric drug that reduces the level of uric acid in the blood; used to treat gout

{n: procyclidine, Kemadrin} drug (trade name Kemadrin) used to reduce tremors in Parkinsonism

{n: rate of depreciation, depreciation rate} the rate at which the value of property is reduced; used to calculate tax deduction

{n: reduced instruction set computing, reduced instruction set computer, RISC} (computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a relatively small set of computer instructions that it can perform
<-> CISC, complex instruction set computer, complex instruction set computing

{n: reducing agent, reducer, reductant} a substance capable of bringing about the reduction of another substance as it itself is oxidized; used in photography to lessen the density of a negative or print by oxidizing some of the slackened silver

{n: reducing diet, obesity diet} a diet designed to help you lose weight (especially fat)

{n: reducing} loss of excess weight (as by dieting); becoming slimmer
"a doctor supervised her reducing"

{n: reduction gear} gearing that reduces an input speed to a slower output speed

{n: reduction, reducing} any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent

{n: reduction, simplification} the act of reducing complexity

{n: redundancy} repetition of messages to reduce the probability of errors in transmission

{n: reforestation, re-afforestation} the restoration (replanting) of a forest that had been reduced by fire or cutting

{n: relaxation, relaxation method} a method of solving simultaneous equations by guessing a solution and then reducing the errors that result by successive approximations until all the errors are less than some specified amount

{n: relief, alleviation, assuagement} the feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed or reduced
"as he heard the news he was suddenly flooded with relief"

{n: reliever, allayer, comforter} a person who reduces the intensity (e.g., of fears) and calms and pacifies
"a reliever of anxiety"
"an allayer of fears"

{n: religious trance, ecstatic state} a trance induced by intense religious devotion; does not show reduced bodily functions that are typical of other trances

{n: repositing, reposition, storage, warehousing} depositing in a warehouse
"they decided to reposition their furniture in a recommended repository in Brooklyn"
"my car is in storage"
"publishers reduced print runs to cut down the cost of warehousing"

{n: respiratory acidosis, carbon dioxide acidosis} acidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs (as in emphysema or pneumonia); excess carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which increases the acidity of the blood

{n: restrainer} a chemical that is added to a photographic developer in order to retard development and reduce the amount of fog on a film

{n: rheumatic heart disease} heart disease caused by recurrent episodes of rheumatic fever; characterized by changes in the myocardium or scarring of the heart valves that reduce the power of the heart to pump blood

{n: rollback} reducing prices back to some earlier level

{n: sale, cut-rate sale, sales event} an occasion (usually brief) for buying at specially reduced prices
"they held a sale to reduce their inventory"
"I got some great bargains at their annual sale"

{n: schematization, schematisation} the act of reducing to a scheme or formula

{n: sea hare, Aplysia punctata} naked marine gastropod having a soft body with reduced internal shell and two pairs of ear-like tentacles

{n: security blanket} a blanket (or toy) that a child carries around in order to reduce anxiety

{n: security blanket} anything that an adult person uses to reduce their anxiety

{n: sedation} a state of reduced excitement or anxiety that is induced by the administrative of a sedative agent

{n: sedative, sedative drug, depressant, downer} a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person

{n: sedative-hypnotic, sedative-hypnotic drug} a sedative that depresses activity of the central nervous system and reduces anxiety and induces sleep

{n: service cutback} the act of reducing service

{n: shock} (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor
"loss of blood is an important cause of shock"

{n: silencer, muffler} a tubular acoustic device inserted in the exhaust system that is designed to reduce noise

{n: simplification} a explanation that omits superfluous details and reduces complexity

{n: simvastatin, Zocor} an oral lipid-lowering medicine (trade name Zocor) administered to reduce blood cholesterol levels; recommended after heart attacks

{n: skeleton} something reduced to its minimal form
"the battalion was a mere skeleton of its former self"
"the bare skeleton of a novel"

{n: skink, scincid, scincid lizard} alert agile lizard with reduced limbs and an elongated body covered with shiny scales; more dependent on moisture than most lizards; found in tropical regions worldwide

{n: spark arrester} electrical device to reduce sparking when electrical contacts are opened or closed

{n: spearfish} any of several large vigorous pelagic fishes resembling sailfishes but with first dorsal fin much reduced; worldwide but rare

{n: special} a special offering (usually temporary and at a reduced price) that is featured in advertising
"they are having a special on pork chops"

{n: spending cut} the act of reducing spending

{n: spoiler} a hinged airfoil on the upper surface of an aircraft wing that is raised to reduce lift and increase drag

{n: spoiler} an airfoil mounted on the rear of a car to reduce lift at high speeds

{n: stemmer, stemming algorithm} an algorithm for removing inflectional and derivational endings in order to reduce word forms to a common stem

{n: step-down transformer} a transformer that reduces voltage

{n: stock, inventory} the merchandise that a shop has on hand
"they carried a vast inventory of hardware"
"they stopped selling in exact sizes in order to reduce inventory"

{n: sulfonylurea} antidiabetic consisting of any of several drugs that reduce the level of glucose in the blood; used to treat diabetes mellitus

{n: supernumerary} a person serving no apparent function
"reducing staff is difficult because our employees include no supernumeraries"

{n: superoxide, superoxide anion} the univalent anion O2-
"much of the O2 supporting cellular respiration is reduced to the superoxide anion O2-"

{n: support hose, support stocking} elasticized stocking intended to reduce pressure on the veins of the leg (as in case of varicose veins)

{n: sympathetic nervous system} originates in the thoracic regions of the spinal cord; opposes physiological effects of the parasympathetic: reduces digestive secretions; speeds the heart; contracts blood vessels

{n: take-up} a device for reducing slack or taking up lost motion

{n: tax advantage} an advantage bestowed by legislation that reduces a tax on some preferred activity

{n: tax cut} the act of reducing taxation
"the new administration's large tax cut was highly controversial"

{n: tax shelter, shelter} a way of organizing business to reduce the taxes it must pay on current earnings

{n: tax write-off, tax deduction, deduction} a reduction in the gross amount on which a tax is calculated; reduces taxes by the percentage fixed for the taxpayer's income bracket

{n: third-class mail, third class} mail consisting of printed matter qualifying for reduced postal rates

{n: thriftshop, second-hand store} a shop that sells secondhand goods at reduced prices

{n: tranquilizer, tranquillizer, tranquilliser, antianxiety agent, ataractic drug, ataractic agent, ataractic} a drug used to reduce stress or tension without reducing mental clarity

{n: tunnel} a passageway through or under something, usually underground (especially one for trains or cars)
"the tunnel reduced congestion at that intersection"

{n: unit} an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole
"the reduced the number of units and installations"
"the word is a basic linguistic unit"

{n: vasopressin, antidiuretic hormone, ADH, Pitressin} hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules

{n: vat dye, vat color} a water-insoluble dye that is applied by reducing the dye to an alkaline form, applying the dye, then regenerating the insoluble dye by oxidation in the material; used for dyeing cotton

{n: weakening} the act of reducing the strength of something
<-> strengthening

{n: wetting agent, wetter, surfactant, surface-active agent} a substance capable of reducing the surface tension of a liquid in which it is dissolved

{n: windbreak, shelterbelt} hedge or fence of trees designed to lessen the force of the wind and reduce erosion

{v: abridge, foreshorten, abbreviate, shorten, cut, contract, reduce} reduce in scope while retaining essential elements
"The manuscript must be shortened"
<-> expand

{v: bankrupt, ruin, break, smash} reduce to bankruptcy
"My daughter's fancy wedding is going to break me!"
"The slump in the financial markets smashed him"

{v: beggar, pauperize, pauperise} reduce to beggary

{v: blow up, enlarge, magnify} make large
"blow up an image"
<-> reduce

{v: boil down, reduce, decoct, concentrate} be cooked until very little liquid is left
"The sauce should reduce to one cup"

{v: bridge, bridge over} connect or reduce the distance between

{v: calcine} heat a substance so that it oxidizes or reduces

{v: choke, throttle} reduce the air supply
"choke a carburetor"

{v: crack} reduce (petroleum) to a simpler compound by cracking

{v: cremate} reduce to ashes
"Cremate a corpse"

{v: cut} have a reducing effect
"This cuts into my earnings"

{v: dampen} reduce the amplitude (of oscillations or waves)

{v: de-emphasize, de-emphasise, destress} reduce the emphasis

{v: de-escalate, weaken, step down} reduce the level or intensity or size or scope of
"de-escalate a crisis"
<-> escalate

{v: decelerate, slow down} reduce the speed of
"He slowed down the car"
<-> accelerate

{v: decouple} reduce or eliminate the coupling of (one circuit or part to another)

{v: deflate, puncture} reduce or lessen the size or importance of
"The bad review of his work deflated his self-confidence"

{v: deflate} reduce or cut back the amount or availability of, creating a decline in value or prices
"deflate the currency"
<-> inflate

{v: degrade, cheapen} lower the grade of something ; reduce its worth

{v: degrade} reduce the level of land, as by erosion
<-> aggrade

{v: demote, bump, relegate, break, kick downstairs} assign to a lower position ; reduce in rank
"She was demoted because she always speaks up"
"He was broken down to Sargeant"
<-> promote

{v: deoxidize, deoxidise, reduce} to remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase in the number of electrons
<-> oxidise, oxidize

{v: depopulate, desolate} reduce in population
"The epidemic depopulated the countryside"

{v: dilute, thin, thin out, reduce, cut} lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture
"cut bourbon"

{v: divest, disinvest} reduce or dispose of ; cease to hold (an investment)
"The company decided to divest"
"the board of trustees divested $20 million in real estate property"
"There was pressure on the univeristy to disinvest in South Africa"
<-> invest

{v: draw} reduce the diameter of (a wire or metal rod) by pulling it through a die
"draw wire"

{v: ease up, ease off, let up} reduce pressure or intensity
"he eased off the gas pedal and the car slowed down"

{v: encapsulate, capsule, capsulize, capsulise} put in a short or concise form ; reduce in volume
"capsulize the news"

{v: gain, put on} increase (one's body weight)
"She gained 20 pounds when she stopped exercising"
<-> reduce

{v: grate} reduce to small shreds or pulverize by rubbing against a rough or sharp perforated surface
"grate carrots and onions"
"grate nutmeg"

{v: grind, mash, crunch, bray, comminute} reduce to small pieces or particles by pounding or abrading
"grind the spices in a mortar"
"mash the garlic"

{v: incinerate} become reduced to ashes
"The paper incinerated quickly"

{v: laicize, laicise} reduce to lay status
"laicize the parochial schools"

{v: mark down} reduce the price of
<-> mark up

{v: melt, run, melt down} reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating
"melt butter"
"melt down gold"
"The wax melted in the sun"

{v: microcopy} photocopy printed or other graphic matter so that it is reduced in size

{v: obtund} reduce the edge or violence of
"obtunded reflexes"

{v: pulp} reduce to pulp
"pulp fruit"
"pulp wood"

{v: quench} reduce the degree of (luminescence or phosphorescence) in (excited molecules or a material) by adding a suitable substance

{v: reduce, boil down, concentrate} cook until very little liquid is left
"The cook reduced the sauce by boiling it for a long time"

{v: reduce, come down, boil down} be the essential element
"The proposal boils down to a compromise"

{v: reduce, cut down, cut back, trim, trim down, trim back, cut, bring down} cut down on ; make a reduction in
"reduce your daily fat intake"
"The employer wants to cut back health benefits"

{v: reduce, melt off, lose weight, slim, slenderize, thin, slim down} take off weight
<-> gain

{v: reduce, scale down} make smaller
"reduce an image"
<-> blow up

{v: reduce, tighten} narrow or limit
"reduce the influx of foreigners"

{v: reduce} bring to humbler or weaker state or condition
"He reduced the population to slavery"

{v: reduce} lessen and make more modest
"reduce one's standard of living"

{v: reduce} lower in grade or rank or force somebody into an undignified situation
"She reduced her niece to a servant"

{v: reduce} make less complex
"reduce a problem to a single question"

{v: reduce} reposition (a broken bone after surgery) back to its normal site

{v: reduce} simplify the form of a mathematical equation of expression by substituting one term for another

{v: reduce} undergo meiosis
"The cells reduce"

{v: reef} reduce (a sail) by taking in a reef

{v: reef} roll up (a portion of a sail) in order to reduce its area

{v: refine, rectify} reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state ; separate from extraneous matter or cleanse from impurities
"refine sugar"

{v: refine} attenuate or reduce in vigor, strength, or validity by polishing or purifying
"many valuable nutrients are refined out of the foods in our modern diet"

{v: repress, quash, keep down, subdue, subjugate, reduce} put down by force or intimidation
"The government quashes any attempt of an uprising"
"China keeps down her dissidents very efficiently"
"The rich landowners subjugated the peasants working the land"

{v: ruin} reduce to ruins
"The country lay ruined after the war"

{v: save} spend less ; buy at a reduced price

{v: scale down} reduce proportionally
"The model is scaled down"
<-> scale up

{v: schematize} formulate in regular order ; to reduce to a scheme or formula
"The chemists schematized the various reactions in a coherent fashion"

{v: sell off} get rid of by selling, usually at reduced prices
"The store sold off the surplus merchandise"

{v: shave} make shavings of or reduce to shavings
"shave the radish"

{v: shorten} make shorter than originally intended ; reduce or retrench in length or duration
"He shortened his trip due to illness"
<-> lengthen

{v: shrink, reduce} reduce in size ; reduce physically
"Hot water will shrink the sweater"
"Can you shrink this image?"

{v: simplify} make simpler or easier or reduce in complxity or extent
"We had to simplify the instructions"
"this move will simplify our lives"
<-> complicate

{v: systematize, systematise, systemize, systemise} arrange according to a system or reduce to a system
"systematize our scientific knowledge"

{v: take down, degrade, disgrace, demean, put down} reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
"She tends to put down younger women colleagues"
"His critics took him down after the lecture"

{v: write off, write down} reduce the estimated value of something
"For tax purposes you can write off the laser printer"


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