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{adj: afoul, foul, fouled} especially of a ship's lines etc
"with its sails afoul"
"a foul anchor"

{adj: austral} of the south or coming from the south
"sailed the austral seas"

{adj: close-hauled} having the sails trimmed for sailing as close to the wind as possible

{adj: crank, cranky, tender, tippy} (used of boats) inclined to heel over easily under sail

{adj: furled, rolled} rolled up and secured
"furled sails bound securely to the spar"
"a furled flag"
"his rolled umbrella hanging on his arm"

{adj: indirect} not direct in spatial dimension; not leading by a straight line or course to a destination
"sometimes taking an indirect path saves time"
"you must take an indirect course in sailing"
<-> direct

{adj: lateen, lateen-rigged} rigged with a triangular (lateen) sail

{adj: loose, slack} not tense or taut
"the old man's skin hung loose and grey"
"slack and wrinkled skin"
"slack sails"
"a slack rope"

{adj: navigable} able to be sailed on or through safely
"navigable waters"
"a navigable channel"

{adj: rigged} fitted or equipped with necessary rigging (sails and shrouds and stays etc)
<-> unrigged

{adj: square-rigged} rigged with square sails as the principal ones

{adj: synecdochic, synecdochical} using the name of a part for that of the whole or the whole for the part; or the special for the general or the general for the special; or the material for the thing made of it
"to use `hand' for `worker' or `ten sail' for `ten ships' or `steel' for `sword' is to use a synecdochic figure of speech"

{adj: taut, tight} pulled or drawn tight
"taut sails"
"a tight drumhead"
"a tight rope"

{adj: weatherly} (of a sailing vessel) making very little leeway when close-hauled

{adv: aback} having the wind against the forward side of the sails
"the ship came up into the wind with all yards aback"

{adv: aft, abaft, astern} at or near or toward the stern of a ship or tail of an airplane
"stow the luggage aft"
"ships with square sails sail fairly efficiently with the wind abaft"
"the captain looked astern to see what the fuss was about"
<-> fore

{adv: aloft} at or on or to the masthead or upper rigging of a ship
"climbed aloft to unfurl the sail"

{adv: close to the wind} nearly opposite to the direction from which wind is coming
"sailing close to the wind"

{adv: flat} with flat sails
"sail flat against the wind"

{adv: large} with the wind abaft the beam
"a ship sailing large"

{adv: leeward, upwind} toward the wind
"they were sailing leeward"
<-> downwind, windward

{adv: windward, downwind} away from the wind
"they were sailing windward"
<-> leeward, upwind

{n: Argonaut} (Greek mythology) one of the heroes who sailed with Jason on the Argo in search of the Golden Fleece

{n: Bermuda rig, Bermudan rig, Bermudian rig, Marconi rig} a rig of triangular sails for a yacht

{n: Earth, world, globe} the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on
"the Earth moves around the sun"
"he sailed around the world"

{n: Flying Dutchman} the captain of a phantom ship (the Flying Dutchman) who was condemned to sail against the wind until Judgment Day

{n: Frisbee} a light plastic disk about 10 inches in diameter; sailed with a flip of the wrist for recreation or competition

{n: Helen, Helen of Troy} (Greek mythology) the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda who was abducted by Paris; the Greek army sailed to Troy to get her back which resulted in the Trojan War

{n: Indiaman} a large sailing ship that was engaged in the British trade with India

{n: Jason} (Greek mythology) the husband of Medea and leader of the Argonauts who sailed in quest of the Golden Fleece

{n: Leiden, Leyden} a city in the western Netherlands; residence of the Pilgrim Fathers for 11 years before they sailed for America in 1620

{n: Mayflower} the ship in which the Pilgrim Fathers sailed from England to Massachusetts in 1620

{n: Pilgrim, Pilgrim Father} one of the colonists from England who sailed to America on the Mayflower and founded the colony of Plymouth in New England in 1620

{n: Trojan War} (Greek mythology) a great war fought between Greece and Troy; the Greeks sailed to Troy to recover Helen of Troy, the beautiful wife of Menelaus who had been abducted by Paris; after ten years the Greeks (via the Trojan Horse) achieved final victory and burned Troy to the ground
"the story of the Trojan War is told in Homer's Iliad"

{n: Vela} a constellation in the southern hemisphere between Carina and Pyxis
"because of its configuration Vela is sometimes called `the Sails'"

{n: balloon sail} any light loose sail

{n: bark, barque} a sailing ship with 3 (or more) masts

{n: beat} the act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing

{n: belly} a part that bulges deeply
"the belly of a sail"

{n: black catechu, catechu} extract of the heartwood of Acacia catechu used for dying and tanning and preserving fishnets and sails; formerly used medicinally

{n: blue peter} a blue flag with a white square in the center indicates that the vessel is ready to sail

{n: boom} any of various more-or-less horizontal spars or poles used to extend the foot of a sail or for handling cargo or in mooring

{n: brail} a small rope (one of several) used to draw a sail in

{n: brass monkey} a metal stand that formerly held cannon balls on sailing ships

{n: brigantine, hermaphrodite brig} two-masted sailing vessel square-rigged on the foremast and fore-and-aft rigged on the mainmast

{n: brig} two-masted sailing vessel square-rigged on both masts

{n: canvas, canvas fabric, canvass, canvass fabric} a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents)

{n: capstan} a windlass rotated in a horizontal plane around a vertical axis; used on ships for weighing anchor or raising heavy sails

{n: carrack, carack} a large galleon sailed in the Mediterranean as a merchantman

{n: clipper, clipper ship} a fast sailing ship used in former times

{n: crossjack, mizzen course} the lowermost sail on a mizzenmast

{n: cruise, sail} an ocean trip taken for pleasure

{n: cutter} a sailing vessel with a single mast set further back than the mast of a sloop

{n: day} an era of existence or influence
"in the day of the dinosaurs"
"in the days of the Roman Empire"
"in the days of sailing ships"
"he was a successful pianist in his day"

{n: dhow} a lateen-rigged sailing vessel used by Arabs

{n: dimetrodon} carnivorous dinosaur of the Permian in North America having a crest or dorsal sail

{n: edaphosaurus} heavy-bodied reptile with a dorsal sail or crest; of the late Paleozoic

{n: felucca} a fast narrow sailing ship of the Mediterranean

{n: fife rail} the railing surrounding the mast of a sailing vessel

{n: figurehead} figure on the bow of some sailing vessels

{n: fore-and-aft rig} rig in which the principal sails are fore-and-aft

{n: fore-and-aft sail} any sail not set on a yard and whose normal position is in a fore-and-aft direction

{n: fore-and-after} sailing vessel with a fore-and-aft rig

{n: foresail} the lowest sail on the foremast of a square-rigged vessel

{n: gaff topsail, fore-and-aft topsail} a triangular fore-and-aft sail with its foot along the gaff and its luff on the topmast

{n: gaffsail, gaff-headed sail} a quadrilateral fore-and-aft sail suspended from a gaff

{n: gaff} a spar rising aft from a mast to support the head of a quadrilateral fore-and-aft sail

{n: galleon} a large square-rigged sailing ship with three or more masts; used by the Spanish for commerce and war from the 15th to 18th centuries

{n: galley} a large medieval vessel with a single deck propelled by sails and oars with guns at stern and prow; a complement of 1,000 men; used mainly in the Mediterranean for war and trading

{n: glide, gliding, sailplaning, soaring, sailing} the activity of flying a glider

{n: halyard, halliard} a rope for raising or lowering a sail or flag

{n: headsail} any sail set forward of the foremast of a vessel

{n: iceboat, ice yacht, scooter} a sailing vessel with runners and a cross-shaped frame; suitable for traveling over ice

{n: jib} any triangular fore-and-aft sail (set forward of the foremast)

{n: jiggermast, jigger} any small mast on a sailing vessel; especially the mizzenmast of a yawl

{n: keelboat} river boat with a shallow draught and a keel but no sails; used to carry freight; moved by rowing or punting or towing

{n: ketch} a sailing vessel with two masts; the mizzen is forward of the rudderpost

{n: lancetfish, lancet fish, wolffish} large elongate scaleless oceanic fishes with sharp teeth and a long dorsal fin that resembles a sail

{n: lateen, lateen sail} a triangular fore-and-aft sail used especially in the Mediterranean

{n: lateen-rig} the rig on a lateen-rigged sailing vessel

{n: leg} (nautical) the distance traveled by a sailing vessel on a single tack

{n: longboat} the largest boat carried by a merchant sailing vessel

{n: luff} (nautical) the forward edge of a fore-and-aft sail that is next to the mast

{n: luff} the act of sailing close to the wind

{n: lugsail, lug} a sail with four corners that is hoisted from a yard that is oblique to the mast

{n: mainmast} the chief mast of a sailing vessel with two or more masts

{n: mainsail} the lowermost sail on the mainmast

{n: mast} a vertical spar for supporting sails

{n: mizzen, mizen} fore-and-aft sail set on the mizzenmast

{n: pastime, interest, pursuit} a diversion that occupies one's time and thoughts (usually pleasantly)
"sailing is her favorite pastime"
"his main pastime is gambling"
"he counts reading among his interests"
"they criticized the boy for his limited pursuits"

{n: pelycosaur} large primitive reptile having a tall spinal sail; of the Permian or late Paleozoic in Europe and North America

{n: plain sailing, clear sailing, easy going} easy unobstructed progress
"after we solved that problem the rest was plain sailing"

{n: point} a promontory extending out into a large body of water
"they sailed south around the point"

{n: pond, pool} a small lake
"the pond was too small for sailing"

{n: press of sail, press of canvas} the greatest amount of sail that a ship can carry safely

{n: raceabout} a small sloop having the keep of a knockabout but with finer lines and carrying more sail

{n: ratline, ratlin} (nautical) a small horizontal rope between the shrouds of a sailing ship; they form a ladder for climbing aloft

{n: rig, rigging} formation of masts, spars, sails, etc., on a vessel

{n: rigger} a sailing vessel with a specified rig
"a square rigger"

{n: rigging, tackle} gear consisting of ropes etc. supporting a ship's masts and sails

{n: royal} a sail set next above the topgallant on a royal mast

{n: sail, canvas, canvass, sheet} a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel

{n: sailboat, sailing boat} a small sailing vessel; usually with a single mast

{n: sailcloth} a strong fabric (such as cotton canvas) used for making sails and tents

{n: sailfish} large pelagic game fish having an elongated upper jaw and long dorsal fin that resembles a sail

{n: sailing master, navigator} the ship's officer in charge of navigation

{n: sailing vessel, sailing ship} a vessel that is powered by the wind; often having several masts

{n: sailing-race, yacht race} a race between crews of people in yachts

{n: sailing} riding in a sailboat

{n: sailing} the departure of a vessel from a port

{n: sailmaker} a maker of sails

{n: save-all} a sail set to catch wind spilled from a larger sail

{n: schooner} sailing vessel used in former times

{n: seafaring, navigation, sailing} the work of a sailor

{n: seamanship} skill in sailing

{n: seven seas} an informal expression for all of the oceans of the world
"the old salt had sailed the seven seas"

{n: sharpie} a long narrow shallow-draft boat with a flat bottom and a triangular sail; formerly used along the northern Atlantic coast of the United States

{n: sheet, tack, mainsheet, weather sheet, shroud} (nautical) a line (rope or chain) that regulates the angle at which a sail is set in relation to the wind

{n: ship's chandler} a dealer in sails and ropes and other supplies for sailing ships

{n: skiff} any of various small boats propelled by oars or by sails or by a motor

{n: skysail} the sail above the royal on a square-rigger

{n: sloop of war} a sailing or steam warship having cannons on only one deck

{n: sloop} a sailing vessel with a single mast set about one third of the boat's length aft of the bow

{n: smack} a sailing ship (usually rigged like a sloop or cutter) used in fishing and sailing along the coast

{n: spanker} a fore-and-aft sail set on the aftermost lower mast (usually the mizzenmast) of a vessel

{n: spritsail} a fore-and-aft sail extended by a sprit

{n: sprit} a light spar that crosses a fore-and-aft sail diagonally

{n: square sail} a four-sided sail set beneath a horizontal yard suspended at the middle from a mast

{n: square-rigger} a square-rigged sailing ship

{n: staysail} a fore-and-aft sail set on a stay (as between two masts)

{n: tack} sailing a zigzag course

{n: tack} the heading or position of a vessel relative to the trim of its sails

{n: tier} something that is used for tying
"the sail is fastened to the yard with tiers"

{n: topgallant, topgallant sail} a sail set on a yard of a topgallant mast

{n: topsail} a sail (or either of a pair of sails) immediately above the lowermost sail of a mast and supported by a topmast

{n: upright, vertical} a vertical structural member as a post or stake
"the ball sailed between the uprights"

{n: weatherliness} (of a sailing vessel) the quality of being able to sail close to the wind with little drift to the leeward (even in a stiff wind)
"the Spanish ships had superior speed and weatherliness"

{n: wherry, Norfolk wherry} sailing barge used especially in East Anglia

{n: windjammer} a large sailing ship

{n: yacht, racing yacht} an expensive vessel propelled by sail or power and used for cruising or racing

{n: yachtsman, yachtswoman} sails a yacht

{n: yard} a long horizontal spar tapered at the end and used to support and spread a square sail or lateen

{n: yawl, dandy} a sailing vessel with two masts; a small mizzen is aft of the rudderpost

{v: balloon, inflate, billow} become inflated
"The sails ballooned"

{v: bear down on, bear down upon} sail towards another vessel, of a ship

{v: beat} sail with much tacking or with difficulty
"The boat beat in the strong wind"

{v: brail} take in a sail with a brail

{v: breeze through, ace, pass with flying colors, sweep through, sail through, nail} succeed at easily
"She sailed through her exams"
"You will pass with flying colors"
"She nailed her astrophysics course"

{v: cruise} sail or travel about for pleasure, relaxation, or sightseeing
"We were cruising in the Caribbean"

{v: douse} lower quickly
"douse a sail"

{v: frap} make secure by lashing
"frap a sail"

{v: hoist, run up} raise
"hoist the flags"
"hoist a sail"

{v: jibe, gybe, jib, change course} shift from one side of the ship to the other
"The sail jibbed wildly"

{v: luff, point} sail close to the wind

{v: luff} flap when the wind is blowing equally on both sides
"the sails luffed"

{v: note, observe, mention, remark} make mention of
"She observed that his presentation took up too much time"
"They noted that it was a fine day to go sailing"

{v: outpoint} sail closer to the wind than

{v: outsail} sail faster or better than
"They outsailed the Roman fleet"

{v: reef} reduce (a sail) by taking in a reef

{v: reef} roll up (a portion of a sail) in order to reduce its area

{v: rig, set, set up} equip with sails, masts, etc.
"rig a ship"

{v: run} sail before the wind

{v: sail} travel in a boat propelled by wind
"I love sailing, especially on the open sea"

{v: sail} traverse or travel by ship on (a body of water)
"We sailed the Atlantic"
"He sailed the Pacific all alone"

{v: squall} blow in a squall
"When it squalls, a prudent sailor reefs his sails"

{v: sweep, sail} move with sweeping, effortless, gliding motions
"The diva swept into the room"
"Shreds of paper sailed through the air"
"The searchlights swept across the sky"

{v: take in, gather in} fold up
"take in the sails"

{v: trim} adjust (sails on a ship) so that the wind is optimally used

{v: unbend} unfasten, as a sail, from a spar or a stay

{v: voyage, sail, navigate} travel by boat on a boat propelled by wind or by other means
"The QE2 will sail to Southampton tomorrow"

{v: weather} sail to the windward of

{v: weigh anchor, weigh the anchor} heave up an anchor in preparation for sailing

{v: windsurf} ride standing on a surfboard with an attached sail, on water
"You cannot windsurf when the air is completely still"

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