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{adj: aggregate, aggregated, aggregative, mass} gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole
"aggregate expenses include expenses of all divisions combined for the entire year"
"the aggregated amount of indebtedness"

{adj: all} quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class
"we sat up all night"
"ate all the food"
"all men are mortal"
"all parties are welcome"
<-> some, no

{adj: amazing, astonishing} surprising greatly
"she does an amazing amount of work"
"the dog was capable of astonishing tricks"

{adj: appreciable} enough to be estimated or measured
"appreciable amounts of noxious wastes are dumped into the harbor"

{adj: astonishing, astounding, staggering, stupefying} so surprisingly impressive as to stun or overwhelm
"such an enormous response was astonishing"
"an astounding achievement"
"the amount of money required was staggering"
"suffered a staggering defeat"
"the figure inside the boucle dress was stupefying"

{adj: attuned, keyed, tuned} so adjusted as to be appropriate or brought into harmony
"an industry not attuned to the demands of the market"
"a remark keyed to the situation"
"charges finely tuned to the amount a student can afford"

{adj: considerable} large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree
"a considerable quantity"
"the economy was a considerable issue in the campaign"
"went to considerable trouble for us"
"spent a considerable amount of time on the problem"
<-> inconsiderable

{adj: definite} precise; explicit and clearly defined
"I want a definite answer"
"a definite statement of the terms of the will"
"a definite amount"
"definite restrictions on the sale of alcohol"
"the wedding date is now definite"
"a definite drop in attendance"
<-> indefinite

{adj: dirty, contaminating} spreading pollution or contamination; especially radioactive contamination
"the air near the foundry was always dirty"
"a dirty bomb releases enormous amounts of long-lived radioactive fallout"
<-> clean

{adj: embezzled} taken for your own use in violation of a trust
"the embezzled funds amounted to millions of dollars"

{adj: flat, fixed} (of taxes) not increasing as the amount taxed increases

{adj: geostrategic} of or relating to geostrategy
"Pakistan became a country of paramount geostrategic importance to the United States"

{adj: graduated, proportional} (of taxes) increasing as the amount taxed increases

{adj: graduated} (of taxes) decreasing as the amount taxed increases

{adj: high-interest} (used of loans) charging a relatively large percentage of the amount borrowed
<-> low-interest

{adj: high} greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount
"a high temperature"
"a high price"
"the high point of his career"
"high risks"
"has high hopes"
"the river is high"
"he has a high opinion of himself"
<-> low

{adj: huge, immense, vast, Brobdingnagian} unusually great in size or amount or degree or especially extent or scope
"huge government spending"
"huge country estates"
"huge popular demand for higher education"
"a huge wave"
"the Los Angeles aqueduct winds like an immense snake along the base of the mountains"
"immense numbers of birds"
"at vast (or immense) expense"
"the vast reaches of outer space"
"the vast accumulation of knowledge...which we call civilization"- W.R.Inge

{adj: least} the superlative of `little' that can be used with mass nouns and is usually preceded by `the'; a quantifier meaning smallest in amount or extent or degree
"didn't care the least bit"
"he has the least talent of anyone"
<-> most

{adj: lesser} smaller in size or amount or value
"the lesser powers of Europe"
"the lesser anteater"

{adj: less} (comparative of `little' usually used with mass nouns) a quantifier meaning not as great in amount or degree
"of less importance"
"less time to spend with the family"
"a shower uses less water"
"less than three years old"
<-> more

{adj: light, scant, short} less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so
"a light pound"
"a scant cup of sugar"
"regularly gives short weight"

{adj: low-interest} (used of loans) charging a relatively small percentage of the amount borrowed
<-> high-interest

{adj: major} greater in number or size or amount
"a major portion (a majority) of the population"
"Ursa Major"
"a major portion of the winnings"
<-> minor

{adj: measly, miserable, paltry} contemptibly small in amount
"a measly tip"
"the company donated a miserable $100 for flood relief"
"a paltry wage"
"almost depleted his miserable store of dried beans"

{adj: minor} inferior in number or size or amount
"a minor share of the profits"
"Ursa Minor"
<-> major

{adj: most} the superlative of `much' that can be used with mass nouns and is usually preceded by `the'; a quantifier meaning the greatest in amount or extent or degree
"made the most money he could"
"what attracts the most attention?"
"made the most of a bad deal"
<-> least

{adj: progressive} (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate increases as the amount of income increases
<-> regressive

{adj: quantitative} expressible as a quantity or relating to or susceptible of measurement
"export wheat without quantitative limitations"
"quantitative analysis determines the amounts and proportions of the chemical constituents of a substance or mixture"
<-> qualitative

{adj: regressive} (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate decreases as the amount of income increases
<-> progressive

{adj: surprising} causing surprise or wonder or amazement
"the report shows a surprising lack of hard factual data"
"leaped up with surprising agility"
"she earned a surprising amount of money"
<-> unsurprising

{adj: technical} of or relating to proficiency in a practical skill
"no amount of technical skill and craftsmanship can take the place of vital interest"- John Dewey

{adj: uncommon} not common or ordinarily encountered; unusually great in amount or remarkable in character or kind
"uncommon birds"
"frost and floods are uncommon during these months"
"doing an uncommon amount of business"
"an uncommon liking for money"
"he owed his greatest debt to his mother's uncommon character and ability"
<-> common

{adj: whole} including all components without exception; being one unit or constituting the full amount or extent or duration; complete
"gave his whole attention"
"a whole wardrobe for the tropics"
"the whole hog"
"a whole week"
"the baby cried the whole trip home"
"a whole loaf of bread"
<-> fractional

{adv: for a song, for a bargain price, at a low price} for a relatively small amount of money
"we bought the house for a song"

{n: British thermal unit, BTU, B.Th.U.} a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit at one atmosphere pressure; equivalent to 251.997 calories

{n: CD-ROM, compact disc read-only memory} a compact disk that is used with a computer (rather than with an audio system); a large amount of digital information can be stored and accessed but it cannot be altered by the user

{n: Calorie, kilogram calorie, kilocalorie, large calorie, nutritionist's calorie} a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy-producing potential in food

{n: European wildcat, catamountain, Felis silvestris} bushy-tailed wildcat of Europe that resembles the domestic cat and is regarded as the ancestor of the domestic cat

{n: Greenback Party} a former political party in the United States; organized in 1874; opposed any reduction in the amount of paper money in circulation

{n: Henry's law} (chemistry) law formulated by the English chemist William Henry; the amount of a gas that will be absorbed by water increases as the gas pressure increases

{n: Jenner, Edward Jenner} English physician who pioneered vaccination; Jenner inoculated people with small amounts of cowpox to prevent them from getting smallpox (1749-1823)

{n: Parkinson's law} C. Northcote Parkinson's cynical observation that the number of subordinates in an organization will increase linearly regardless of the amount of work to be done

{n: REM} (Roentgen Equivalent Man) the dosage of ionizing radiation that will cause the same amount of injury to human tissue as 1 roentgen of X-rays

{n: Systeme International d'Unites, Systeme International, SI system, SI, International System of Units, International System} a complete metric system of units of measurement for scientists; fundamental quantities are length (meter) and mass (kilogram) and time (second) and electric current (ampere) and temperature (kelvin) and amount of matter (mole) and luminous intensity (candela)
"Today the United States is the only country in the world not totally committed to the Systeme International d'Unites"

{n: accord and satisfaction} the settlement of a debt by paying less than the amount demanded in exchange for extinguishing the debt

{n: acetoacetic acid} unstable acid found in abnormal amounts in the blood and urine in some cases of impaired metabolism (as diabetes mellitus or starvation)

{n: acid value} (chemistry) the amount of free acid present in fat as measured by the milligrams of potassium hydroxide needed to neutralize it
"as the glycerides in fat slowly decompose the acid value increases"

{n: acidimetry} volumetric analysis using standard solutions of acids to measure the amount of a base present

{n: alkalimetry} volumetric analysis using standard solutions of alkali to measure the amount of acid present

{n: allowance, adjustment} an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances
"an allowance for profit"

{n: alpha fetoprotein, alpha foetoprotein, AFP} an abnormally large amount of this fetoprotein in the fetus can signal an abnormality of the neural tube (as spina bifida or anencephaly)

{n: amplification, gain} the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input

{n: arm-twisting} persuasion by the use of direct personal pressure
"some gentle arm-twisting produced the desired result"
"no amount of arm-twisting will get me to agree"

{n: augite} dark-green to black glassy mineral of the pyroxene group containing large amounts of aluminum and iron and magnesium

{n: balanced diet} a diet that contains adequate amounts of all the necessary nutrients required for healthy growth and activity

{n: ballistocardiograph, cardiograph} a medical instrument that measures the mechanical force of cardiac contractions and the amount of blood passing through the heart during a specified period by measuring the recoil of the body as blood is pumped from the ventricles

{n: bandwidth} a data transmission rate; the maximum amount of information (bits/second) that can be transmitted along a channel

{n: basal metabolism} the amount of energy required to maintain the body of an individual in a resting state

{n: batch, deal, flock, good deal, great deal, hatful, heap, lot, mass, mess, mickle, mint, muckle, peck, pile, plenty, pot, quite a little, raft, sight, slew, spate, stack, tidy sum, wad, whole lot, whole slew} (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent
"a batch of letters"
"a deal of trouble"
"a lot of money"
"he made a mint on the stock market"
"it must have cost plenty"

{n: bilirubin, hematoidin, haematoidin} an orange-yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice

{n: bimetallism} a monetary standard under which the basic unit of currency is defined by stated amounts of two metals (usually gold and silver) with values set at a predetermined ratio

{n: bit} a unit of measurement of information (from binary + digit); the amount of information in a system having two equiprobable states
"there are 8 bits in a byte"

{n: boatload, shipload, carload} the amount of cargo that can be held by a boat or ship or a freight car
"he imported wine by the boatload"

{n: burnup} the amount of fuel used up (as in a nuclear reactor)

{n: capacity, content} the amount that can be contained
"the gas tank has a capacity of 12 gallons"

{n: capacity} (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive
"the capacity of a hard disk drive is usually expressed in megabytes"

{n: capital gain} the amount by which the selling price of an asset exceeds the purchase price; the gain is realized when the asset is sold

{n: capital loss} the amount by which the purchase price of an asset exceeds the selling price; the loss is realized when the asset is sold

{n: capitation} a tax levied on the basis of a fixed amount per person

{n: carbon steel} steel whose characteristics are determined by the amount of carbon it contains

{n: cardiac output} the amount of blood pumped out by the ventricles in a given period of time
"a resting adult has a cardiac output of about three quarts a minute"

{n: cardiac tamponade} mechanical compression of the heart resulting from large amounts of fluid collecting in the pericardial space and limiting the heart's normal range of motion

{n: cash surrender value} the amount that the insurance company will pay on a given life insurance policy if the policy is cancelled prior to the death of the insured

{n: change of magnitude} the act of changing the amount or size of something

{n: change} the balance of money received when the amount you tender is greater than the amount due
"I paid with a twenty and pocketed the change"

{n: charge unit, quantity unit} a measure of the quantity of electricity (determined by the amount of an electric current and the time for which it flows)

{n: chlorination} disinfection of water by the addition of small amounts of chlorine or a chlorine compound

{n: circulatory failure} failure of the cardiovascular system to supply adequate amounts of blood to body tissues

{n: closed universe} (cosmology) a universe in which there is sufficient matter to halt the expansion that began with the big bang and to cause the universe to collapse again; the visible matter is only 10 percent of the matter required for closure but there may be large amounts of dark matter

{n: commensurateness, correspondence, proportionateness} the relation of corresponding in degree or size or amount

{n: compensating balance, offsetting balance} a minimum credit balance that a bank may require a borrower to keep on deposit as a condition for granting a loan; a common requirement for establishing a line of credit at a bank
"the compensating balance increases the effective interest rate to the bank since the net amount loaned is reduced but the interest paid is unchanged"

{n: concentration} strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance
<-> dilution

{n: cordage} the amount of wood in an area as measured in cords

{n: coulomb, C, ampere-second} a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second

{n: coverage, insurance coverage} the total amount and type of insurance carried

{n: critical mass} the minimum amount (of something) required to start or maintain a venture
"the battle for the computer market has now reached critical mass"
"there is now a critical mass of successful women to take the lead"
"they sold the business because it lacked critical mass"

{n: curie, Ci} a unit of radioactivity equal to the amount of a radioactive isotope that decays at the rate of 37,000,000,000 disintegrations per second

{n: current unit} a measure of the amount of electric charge flowing past a circuit point at a specific time

{n: cut} the act of reducing the amount or number
"the mayor proposed extensive cuts in the city budget"

{n: deductible} (taxes) an amount that can be deducted (especially for the purposes of calculating income tax)

{n: deductible} a clause in an insurance policy that relieves the insurer of responsibility to pay the initial loss up to a stated amount

{n: deficit, shortage, shortfall} the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required
"new blood vessels bud out from the already dilated vascular bed to make up the nutritional deficit"

{n: detonator, detonating device, cap} a mechanical or electrical explosive device or a small amount of explosive; can be used to initiate the reaction of a disrupting explosive

{n: diabetes insipidus} a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme thirst

{n: dust} free microscopic particles of solid material
"astronomers say that the empty space between planets actually contains measurable amounts of dust"

{n: electric meter, power meter} a meter for measuring the amount of electric power used

{n: electrolyte balance} an equilibrium between the amounts of electrolytes (as calcium and sodium and potassium) that is essential for normal health and functioning

{n: electrolyte} a solution that conducts electricity
"the proper amount and distribution of electrolytes in the body is essential for health"

{n: endowment insurance} life insurance for a specified amount which is payable to the insured person at the expiration of a certain period of time or to a designated beneficiary immediately upon the death of the insured

{n: evisceration} altering something (as a legislative act or a statement) in such a manner as to reduce its value
"the adoption of their amendments would have amounted to an evisceration of the act"

{n: excise, excise tax} a tax that is measured by the amount of business done (not on property or income from real estate)

{n: explosive trace detection, ETD} a system for screening luggage in airports; an agent passes a swab around or inside luggage and then runs the swab through a machine that can detect trace amounts of explosives

{n: extension, lengthiness, prolongation} amount or degree or range to which something extends
"the wire has an extension of 50 feet"

{n: fiber optic cable, fibre optic cable} a cable made of optical fibers that can transmit large amounts of information at the speed of light

{n: field capacity} the maximum amount of water that a particular soil can hold

{n: financial gain} the amount of monetary gain

{n: flow, flow rate, rate of flow} the amount of fluid that flows in a given time

{n: flux density unit} a measure of the amount of flux per unit of cross sectional area

{n: formatted capacity} (computer science) the usable capacity of a disk drive; the amount of space that is left after the sector headings and boundary definitions and timing information have been added by formatting the disk

{n: fuel gauge, fuel indicator} an indicator of the amount of fuel remaining in a vehicle

{n: fuel level} the amount of fuel remaining

{n: futures contract} an agreement to buy or sell a specific amount of a commodity or financial instrument at a particular price on a stipulated future date; the contract can be sold before the settlement date

{n: gain} the amount by which the revenue of a business exceeds its cost of operating
<-> loss

{n: gas meter, gasometer} a meter for measuring the amount of gas flowing through a particular pipe

{n: gasoline gauge, gasoline gage, gas gauge, gas gage} gauge that indicates the amount of gasoline left in the gasoline tank of a vehicle

{n: gauge, gage} a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc.

{n: gram molecule, mole, mol} the molecular weight of a substance expressed in grams; the basic unit of amount of substance adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites

{n: grand larceny, grand theft} larceny of property having a value greater than some amount (the amount varies by locale)
<-> petit larceny

{n: greediness, voraciousness, rapaciousness} an excessive desire for wealth (usually in large amounts)
"the greediness of lawyers"

{n: gross, revenue, receipts} the entire amount of income before any deductions are made

{n: guyot} a seamount of volcanic origin (especially in the Pacific Ocean)

{n: hayrack, hayrig} a frame attached to a wagon to increase the amount of hay it can carry

{n: heat content, total heat, enthalpy, H} (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure
"enthalpy is the amount of energy in a system capable of doing mechanical work"

{n: helium, He, atomic number 2} a very light colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; the most difficult gas to liquefy; occurs in economically extractable amounts in certain natural gases (as those found in Texas and Kansas)

{n: hematocrit, haematocrit} a measuring instrument to determine (usually by centrifugation) the relative amounts of corpuscles and plasma in the blood

{n: high colonic} an enema that injects large amounts of fluid high into the colon for cleansing purposes

{n: highness} a high degree (of amount or force etc.)
"responsible for the highness of the rates"

{n: hyperbilirubinemia} abnormally high amounts of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood

{n: hypercholesterolemia, hypercholesteremia} the presence of an abnormal amount of cholesterol in the cells and plasma of the blood; associated with the risk of atherosclerosis

{n: hypernatremia} excessive amounts of sodium in the blood; possibly indicating diabetes insipidus
<-> hyponatremia

{n: immunoglobulin D, IgD} one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present in blood serum in small amounts

{n: income bracket, tax bracket, income tax bracket} a category of taxpayers based on the amount of their income

{n: increase, increment} the amount by which something increases
"they proposed an increase of 15 percent in the fare"
<-> decrease

{n: intensity, strength, intensity level} the amount of energy transmitted (as by acoustic or electromagnetic radiation)
"he adjusted the intensity of the sound"
"they measured the station's signal strength"

{n: interest} a fixed charge for borrowing money; usually a percentage of the amount borrowed
"how much interest do you pay on your mortgage?"

{n: ionization chamber, ionization tube} a measuring instrument that measures the amount of ionizing radiation

{n: ketonuria, ketoaciduria, acetonuria} excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation

{n: krypton, Kr, atomic number 36} a colorless element that is one of the six inert gasses; occurs in trace amounts in air

{n: law of multiple proportions, Dalton's law} (chemistry) law stating that when two elements can combine to form more than one compound the amounts of one of them that combines with a fixed amount of the other will exhibit a simple multiple relation

{n: limit, limitation} the greatest amount of something that is possible or allowed
"there are limits on the amount you can bet"
"it is growing rapidly with no limitation in sight"

{n: loss, red ink, red} the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue
"the company operated at a loss last year"
"the company operated in the red last year"
<-> gain

{n: low-density lipoprotein, LDL, beta-lipoprotein} a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of moderate amount of protein and a large amount of cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis

{n: lowness} a low or small degree of any quality (amount or force or temperature etc.)
"he took advantage of the lowness of interest rates"

{n: lumen, lm} a unit of luminous flux equal to the amount of light given out through a solid angle of 1 steradian by a point source of 1 candela intensity radiating uniformly in all directions

{n: magnetic field strength, magnetic intensity, magnetic induction, magnetic flux density} the amount of magnetic flux in a unit area perpendicular to the direction of magnetic flow

{n: margin, security deposit} the amount of collateral a customer deposits with a broker when borrowing from the broker to buy securities

{n: marginal utility} (economics) the amount that utility increases with an increase of one unit of an economic good or service

{n: margin} an amount beyond the minimum necessary
"the margin of victory"

{n: mass defect, mass deficiency} the amount by which the mass of an atomic nucleus is less than the sum of the masses of its constituent particles

{n: mean sun} a theoretical sun that moves along the celestial equator at a constant speed and completes its annual course in the same amount of time the real sun takes at variable speeds

{n: measure, quantity, amount} how much there is of something that you can quantify

{n: measuring instrument, measuring system, measuring device} instrument that shows the extent or amount or quantity or degree of something

{n: metabolic rate} rate of metabolism; the amount of energy expended in a give period

{n: minimization, minimisation} the act of reducing something to the least possible amount or degree or position
<-> maximization

{n: monetary value, price, cost} the property of having material worth (often indicated by the amount of money something would bring if sold)
"the fluctuating monetary value of gold and silver"
"he puts a high price on his services"
"he couldn't calculate the cost of the collection"

{n: morsel, bit, bite} a small amount of solid food; a mouthful
"all they had left was a bit of bread"

{n: natriuresis} the presence of abnormally large amounts of sodium in the urine

{n: neon, Ne, atomic number 10} a colorless odorless gaseous element that give a red glow in a vacuum tube; one of the six inert gasses; occurs in the air in small amounts

{n: nephrotic syndrome, nephrosis} a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol; usually associated with glomerulonephritis or with a complication of various systemic diseases

{n: neptunium, Np, atomic number 93} a radioactive transuranic metallic element; found in trace amounts in uranium ores; a by-product of the production of plutonium

{n: nicotine poisoning} toxic condition caused by the ingestion or inhalation of large amounts of nicotine

{n: nitrogen balance} the balance between the amount of nitrogen taken in (to the soil or the body) and the amount given off (lost or excreted)

{n: no fault insurance, no fault automobile insurance} a system of automobile insurance where a party who is injured in an automobile accident recovers damages up to a specific amount against his own insurance company regardless of who was responsible for the accident
"the amount of litigation resulting from minor accidents is reduced by no fault insurance"

{n: note receivable} your right in a promissory note in which the maker promises to pay a certain amount of money at a certain time

{n: note, promissory note, note of hand} a promise to pay a specified amount on demand or at a certain time
"I had to co-sign his note at the bank"

{n: outage} the amount of something (as whiskey or oil) lost in storage or transportation

{n: paramountcy} the state of being paramount; the highest rank or authority

{n: parcel, portion, share} the allotment of some amount by dividing something
"death gets more than its share of attention from theologians"

{n: payment rate, rate of payment, repayment rate, installment rate} the amount of money paid out per unit time

{n: payroll, payroll department} the department that determines the amounts of wage or salary due to each employee

{n: payroll, paysheet} the total amount of money paid in wages
"the company had a large payroll"

{n: petit larceny, petty larceny, petty} larceny of property having a value less than some amount (the amount varies by locale)
<-> grand larceny

{n: pilferage} the act of stealing small amounts or small articles

{n: plethysmograph} a measuring instrument for measuring changes in volume of a part or organ or whole body (usually resulting from fluctuations in the amount of blood it contains)

{n: poll tax} a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote

{n: preciseness, precision} the quality of being reproducible in amount or performance
"he handled it with the preciseness of an automaton"
"note the meticulous precision of his measurements"
<-> impreciseness, imprecision

{n: preponderance, prevalence} a superiority in numbers or amount
"a preponderance of evidence against the defendant"

{n: press of sail, press of canvas} the greatest amount of sail that a ship can carry safely

{n: price, terms, damage} the amount of money needed to purchase something
"the price of gasoline"
"he got his new car on excellent terms"
"how much is the damage?"

{n: principal} the original amount of a debt on which interest is calculated

{n: quantitative analysis, quantitative chemical analysis} chemical analysis to determine the amounts of each element in the substance

{n: quantum} a discrete amount of something that is analogous to the quantum in quantum theory

{n: radiance, glow, glowing} the amount of electromagnetic radiation leaving or arriving at a point on a surface

{n: radioactive dating} measurement of the amount of radioactive material (usually carbon 14) that an object contains; can be used to estimate the age of the object

{n: radioactive iodine excretion test} radioactive iodine test that measures the amount of radioactive iodine excreted in the urine

{n: radioactive iodine uptake test, RAIU} radioactive iodine test that measures the amount of radioactive iodine taken up by the thyroid gland

{n: randomness, entropy, S} (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work
"entropy increases as matter and energy in the universe degrade to an ultimate state of inert uniformity"

{n: rate of return} the amount returned per unit of time expressed as a percentage of the cost

{n: rate} a quantity or amount or measure considered as a proportion of another quantity or amount or measure
"the literacy rate"
"the retention rate"
"the dropout rate"

{n: rebate, discount} a refund of some fraction of the amount paid

{n: recapture} a legal seizure by the government of profits beyond a fixed amount

{n: redemption} repayment of the principal amount of a debt or security at or before maturity (as when a corporation repurchases its own stock)

{n: redraft} a draft for the amount of a dishonored draft plus the costs and charges of drafting again

{n: region, neighborhood} the approximate amount of something (usually used prepositionally as in `in the region of')
"it was going to take in the region of two or three months to finish the job"
"the price is in the neighborhood of $100"

{n: relative humidity} the ratio of the amount of water in the air at a give temperature to the maximum amount it could hold at that temperature; expressed as a percentage

{n: relaxation, relaxation method} a method of solving simultaneous equations by guessing a solution and then reducing the errors that result by successive approximations until all the errors are less than some specified amount

{n: religiousness} the quality of being extremely conscientious
"his care in observing the rules of good health amounted to a kind of religiousness"

{n: rent-roll} a register of rents; includes the names of tenants and the amount of rent they pay

{n: restrainer} a chemical that is added to a photographic developer in order to retard development and reduce the amount of fog on a film

{n: scalage} estimation of the amount of lumber in a log

{n: sensitivity, sensitiveness} the ability to respond to physical stimuli or to register small physical amounts or differences
"a galvanometer of extreme sensitivity"
"the sensitiveness of Mimosa leaves does not depend on a change of growth"

{n: shelfful} the amount that a shelf will hold
"he bought a shelfful of books"

{n: shoeful} the amount that a shoe will hold
"he emptied out a shoeful of water"

{n: ski conditions} the amount and state of snow for skiing

{n: smallness} the property of being a relatively small amount
"he was attracted by the smallness of the taxes"

{n: solar energy, solar power} energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy
"the amount of energy falling on the earth is given by the solar constant, but very little use has been made of solar energy"

{n: steatorrhea} the presence of greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces which are frothy and foul smelling and floating; a symptom of disorders of fat metabolism and malabsorption syndrome

{n: straight-line method, straight-line method of depreciation} (accounting) a method of calculating depreciation by taking an equal amount of the asset's cost as an expense for each year of the asset's useful life

{n: subsidiary ledger} details of an account supporting the amount stated in the general ledger

{n: sum, amount, total} a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers

{n: sum, sum of money, amount, amount of money} a quantity of money
"he borrowed a large sum"
"the amount he had in cash was insufficient"

{n: suspension, respite, reprieve, hiatus, abatement} an interruption in the intensity or amount of something

{n: tad, shade} a slight amount or degree of difference
"a tad too expensive"
"not a tad of difference"
"the new model is a shade better than the old one"

{n: tapering} the act of gradually lowering the size or amount
"the doctor prescribed the tapering of the dose"

{n: tax liability} the amount of tax owed; calculated by applying the tax rate to the tax base

{n: tax-increase, tax boost, tax hike} the amount by which taxes are increased
"a tax increase of 15 percent"

{n: test, trial, run} the act of testing something
"in the experimental trials the amount of carbon was measured separately"
"he called each flip of the coin a new trial"

{n: thermochemistry} the branch of chemistry that studies the relation between chemical action and the amount of heat absorbed or generated

{n: throughput} output relative to input; the amount passing through a system from input to output (especially of a computer program over a period of time)

{n: time period, period of time, period} an amount of time
"a time period of 30 years"
"hastened the period of time of his recovery"
"Picasso's blue period"

{n: titration} a measured amount of a solution of unknown concentration is added to a known volume of a second solution until the reaction between them is just complete; the concentration of the unknown solution (the titer) can them be calculated

{n: torque wrench} a wrench that has a gauge that indicates the amount of torque being applied

{n: traffic} the amount of activity over a communication system during a given period of time
"heavy traffic overloaded the trunk lines"
"traffic on the internet is lightest during the night"

{n: transurethral resection of the prostate, TURP} removal of significant amounts of prostate tissue (as in cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia)

{n: tub, tubful} the amount that a tub will hold
"a tub of water"

{n: ullage} the amount that a container (as a wine bottle or tank) lacks of being full

{n: uraninite, pitchblende} a mineral consisting of uranium oxide and trace amounts of radium and thorium and polonium and lead and helium; uraninite in massive form is called pitchblende which is the chief uranium ore

{n: uratemia} presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid salts in the blood; symptom of gout

{n: uraturia} presence of abnormally large amounts of uric acid in the urine; symptom of gout

{n: uricaciduria} presence of abnormal amounts of uric acid in the urine; symptom of gout

{n: value, economic value} the amount (of money or goods or services) that is considered to be a fair equivalent for something else
"he tried to estimate the value of the produce at normal prices"

{n: vital capacity} the maximum amount of air that can be exhaled after a maximum inhalation (usually tested with a spirometer); used to determine the condition of lung tissue

{n: volume} a relative amount
"mix one volume of the solution with ten volumes of water"

{n: volume} the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object
"the gas expanded to twice its original volume"

{n: warrant, stock warrant, stock-purchase warrant} a type of security issued by a corporation (usually together with a bond or preferred stock) that gives the holder the right to purchase a certain amount of common stock at a stated price
"as a sweetener they offered warrants along with the fixed-income securities"

{n: whole life insurance, ordinary life insurance, straight life insurance} insurance on the life of the insured for a fixed amount at a definite premium that is paid each year in the same amount during the entire lifetime of the insured

{n: work to rule} a job action in which workers cause a slowdown by doing only the minimum amount required by the rules of the workplace

{n: workday, working day} the amount of time that a worker must work for an agreed daily wage
"they work an 8-hour day"

{v: average, average out} amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
"The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40"

{v: cap} restrict the number or amount of
"We had to cap the number of people we can accept into our club"

{v: claim} ask for legally or make a legal claim to, as of debts, for example
"They claimed on the maximum allowable amount"

{v: count, number, enumerate, numerate} determine the number or amount of
"Can you count the books on your shelf?"
"Count your change"

{v: decrease, diminish, lessen, fall} decrease in size, extent, or range
"The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"
"The cabin pressure fell dramatically"
"her weight fall to under a hundred pounds"
"his voice fell to a whisper"
<-> increase

{v: deflate} reduce or cut back the amount or availability of, creating a decline in value or prices
"deflate the currency"
<-> inflate

{v: drink, tope} drink excessive amounts of alcohol ; be an alcoholic
"The husband drinks and beats his wife"

{v: garbage down, gobble up, shovel in, bolt down} eat a large amount of food quickly
"The children gobbled down most of the birthday cake"

{v: grimace, make a face, pull a face} contort the face to indicate a certain mental or emotional state
"He grimaced when he saw the amount of homework he had to do"

{v: increase} become bigger or greater in amount
"The amount of work increased"
<-> decrease

{v: inflate} increase the amount or availability of, creating a rise in value
"inflate the currency"
<-> deflate

{v: kite} increase the amount (of a check) fraudulently
"He kited many checks"

{v: object} express or raise an objection or protest or criticism or express dissent
"She never objected to the amount of work her boss charged her with"
"When asked to drive the truck, she objected that she did not have a driver's license"

{v: pour} supply in large amounts or quantities
"We poured money into the education of our children"

{v: raise} raise the level or amount of something
"raise my salary"
"raise the price of bread"

{v: regulate, modulate} fix or adjust the time, amount, degree, or rate of
"regulate the temperature"
"modulate the pitch"

{v: saturate} cause (a chemical compound, vapour, solution, magnetic material, etc.) to unite with the greatest possible amount of another substance

{v: tax, assess} set or determine the amount of (a payment such as a fine)

{v: turn over} do business worth a certain amount of money
"The company turns over ten million dollars a year"

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