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uterus

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{adj: bicorn, bicorned, bicornate, bicornuate, bicornuous} having two horns or horn-shaped parts
"a bicornuate uterus"

{adj: cervical} of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
"cervical cancer"

{adj: parturient} of or relating to or giving birth
"parturient pangs"
"the parturient uterus"

{adj: uterine} of or involving the uterus
"uterine cancer"

{adv: in utero} in the uterus
"the child was infected in utero from the mother"

{n: Braxton-Hicks contraction, false labor} painless contractions of the muscles of the uterus that continue throughout pregnancy with increasing frequency

{n: Fallopian tube, uterine tube, oviduct} either of a pair of tubes conducting the egg from the ovary to the uterus

{n: abortion pill, mifepristone, RU 486} an abortion-inducing drug (trade name RU_486) developed in France; when taken during the first five weeks of pregnancy it blocks the action of progesterone so that the uterus sloughs off the embryo

{n: abruptio placentae} a disorder of pregnancy in which the placenta prematurely separates from the wall of the uterus

{n: adnexa, annexa} an accessory or adjoining anatomical parts or appendages (especially of the embryo)
"Fallopian tubes and ovaries are adnexa of the uterus"

{n: afterbirth} the placenta and fetal membranes that are expelled from the uterus after the baby is born

{n: afterpains} pains felt by a woman after her baby is born; associated with contractions of the uterus

{n: ametria} congenital absence of the uterus

{n: artificial insemination, AI} the introduction of semen into the oviduct or uterus by some means other than sexual intercourse

{n: ballottement} a palpatory technique for feeling a floating object in the body (especially for determining the position of a fetus by feeling the rebound of the fetus after a quick digital tap on the wall of the uterus)

{n: birth canal} a passage in the uterus and vagina through which a fetus passes during vaginal birth

{n: blastula, blastodermic vesicle} early stage of an embryo produced by cleavage of an ovum; a liquid-filled sphere whose wall is composed of a single layer of cells; during this stage (about eight days after fertilization) implantation in the wall of the uterus occurs

{n: cervical canal, canalis cervicis uteri} a spindle-shaped canal extending from the uterus to the vagina

{n: cervical glands, cervical glands of the uterus, glandulae cervicales uteri} mucus-secreting glands in the mucosa of the uterine cervix

{n: cervical smear, Pap smear, Papanicolaou smear} a sample of secretions and superficial cells of the uterine cervix and uterus; examined with a microscope to detect any abnormal cells

{n: cervix, uterine cervix, cervix uteri} necklike opening to the uterus

{n: cesarean delivery, caesarean delivery, caesarian delivery, cesarean section, cesarian section, caesarean section, caesarian section, C-section, cesarean, cesarian, caesarean, caesarian, abdominal delivery} the delivery of a fetus by surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus (from the belief that Julius Caesar was born that way)

{n: curettage, curettement} surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette

{n: dilation and curettage, dilatation and curettage, D and C} a surgical procedure usually performed under local anesthesia in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curet; performed to obtain tissue samples or to stop prolonged bleeding or to remove small tumors or to remove fragments of placenta after childbirth or as a method of abortion

{n: ectopic pregnancy, extrauterine pregnancy, ectopic gestation, extrauterine gestation, eccyesis, metacyesis} pregnancy resulting from gestation elsewhere than in the uterus

{n: endometriosis, adenomyosis} the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea

{n: endometrium} (pregnancy) the mucous membrane that lines the uterus; thickens under hormonal control and (if pregnancy does not occur) is shed in menstruation; if pregnancy occurs it is shed along with the placenta at parturition

{n: entopic pregnancy} pregnancy resulting from normal gestation in the uterus

{n: ergonovine, Ergotrate Maleate} an alkaloid derived from ergot (trade name Ergotrate Maleate) that is less toxic than ergot; induces muscular contraction of the uterus and is administered after childbirth or abortion

{n: fetal movement, foetal movement} motion of a fetus within the uterus (usually detected by the 16th week of pregnancy)

{n: fetology, foetology} the branch of medicine concerned with the fetus in the uterus

{n: fetoscopy, foetoscopy} prenatal diagnosis that allows direct observation of a fetus in the uterus and the withdrawal of fetal blood

{n: fibroid tumor, fibroid} benign tumor containing fibrous tissue (especially in the uterus)

{n: hematocolpometra, haematocolpometra} accumulation of blood in the vagina and uterus

{n: hysterectomy} surgical removal of the uterus

{n: hysterosalpingogram} X ray of the uterus and Fallopian tubes; usually done in diagnosing infertility (to see if there any blockages)

{n: hysteroscopy} visual examination of the uterus and uterine lining using an endoscope inserted through the vagina

{n: hysterotomy} surgical incision into the uterus (as in cesarean section)

{n: implantation, nidation} (embryology) the organic process whereby a fertilized egg becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus of placental mammals

{n: inguinal canal, canalis inguinalis} oblique passage through the lower abdominal wall; in males it is the passage through which the testes descend into the scrotum and it contains the spermatic cord; in females it transmits the round ligament of the uterus

{n: intrauterine device, IUD} contraceptive device consisting of a piece of bent plastic or metal that is inserted through the vagina into the uterus

{n: inversion} abnormal condition in which an organ is turned inward or inside out (as when the upper part of the uterus is pulled into the cervical canal after childbirth)

{n: involution} reduction in size of an organ or part (as in the return of the uterus to normal size after childbirth)

{n: labor pain} pain and discomfort associated with contractions of the uterus during labor

{n: leiomyoma} benign tumor of smooth muscle (usually in the uterus or digestive tract)

{n: leiomyosarcoma} sarcoma of smooth muscle; occurs most often digestive tract or uterus or bladder or prostate

{n: lightening} descent of the uterus into the pelvic cavity that occurs late in pregnancy; the fetus is said to have dropped

{n: menorrhea, menstrual blood, menstrual flow} flow of blood from the uterus; occurs at roughly monthly intervals during a woman's reproductive years

{n: menstrual cycle} a recurring cycle (beginning at menarche and ending at menopause) in which the endometrial lining of the uterus prepares for pregnancy; if pregnancy does not occur the lining is shed at menstruation
"the average menstrual cycle is 28 days"

{n: menstrual phase} the phase of the menstrual cycle during which the lining of the uterus is shed (the first day of menstrual flow is considered day 1 of the menstrual cycle)

{n: menstruation, menses, menstruum, catamenia, period, flow} the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause
"the women were sickly and subject to excessive menstruation"
"a woman does not take the gout unless her menses be stopped"--Hippocrates
"the semen begins to appear in males and to be emitted at the same time of life that the catamenia begin to flow in females"--Aristotle

{n: metralgia} pain in the uterus

{n: metritis, endometritis} inflammation of the lining of the uterus (of the endometrium)

{n: metroptosis, descensus uteri} prolapse of the uterus

{n: metrorrhagia} bleeding from the uterus that is not due to menstruation; usually indicative of disease (as cervical cancer)

{n: myometrium} the smooth muscle forming the wall of the uterus

{n: oxytocic, oxytocic drug} a drug that induces labor by stimulating contractions of the muscles of the uterus

{n: oxytocin, Pitocin} hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin); stimulates contractions of the uterus and ejection of milk

{n: parametritis} inflammation of connective tissue adjacent to the uterus

{n: placenta previa} pregnancy in which the placenta is implanted in the lower part of the uterus (instead of the upper part); can cause bleeding late in pregnancy; delivery by cesarean section may be necessary

{n: placentation} the formation of the placenta in the uterus

{n: placenta} the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus

{n: pregnancy, gestation, maternity} the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus

{n: presentation} (obstetrics) position of the fetus in the uterus relative to the birth canal
"Cesarean sections are sometimes the result of abnormal presentations"

{n: progesterone, Lipo-Lutin} a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy

{n: prolapse, prolapsus, descensus} the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus)

{n: puerperium} time period following childbirth when the mother's uterus shrinks and the other functional and anatomic changes of pregnancy are resolved
"a perinatologist cared for her during the puerperium"

{n: radical hysterectomy, panhysterectomy} surgical removal of the uterus and the ovaries and oviducts and cervix and related lymph nodes

{n: relaxin} hormone secreted by the corpus luteum during the last days of pregnancy; relaxes the pelvic ligaments and prepares the uterus for labor

{n: retroversion, retroflection, retroflexion} a turning or tilting backward of an organ or body part
"retroversion of the uterus"

{n: round ligament of the uterus, ligamentum teres uteri} ligament attached to the uterus on either side in front of and below the opening of the Fallopian tube and passing through the inguinal canal to the labia majora

{n: salpingitis} inflammation of a Fallopian tube (usually the result of infection spreading from the vagina or uterus) or of a Eustachian tube

{n: salpinx} a tube in the uterus or the ear

{n: superfetation} fertilization of a second ovum after a pregnancy has begun; results in two fetuses of different ages in the uterus at the same time
"superfetation is normal in some animal species"

{n: test-tube baby} a baby conceived by fertilization that occurs outside the mother's body; the woman's ova are removed and mixed with sperm in a culture medium - if fertilization occurs the blastocyte is implanted in the woman's uterus

{n: total hysterectomy} surgical removal of the uterus and cervix

{n: trophoblastic cancer} malignant neoplasm of the uterus derived from the epithelium of the chorion

{n: uterine artery, arteria uterina} a branch of the internal iliac artery that supplies the uterus and the upper part of the vagina

{n: uterine cavity} the space inside the uterus between the cervical canal and the Fallopian tubes

{n: uterine contraction} a rhythmic tightening in labor of the upper uterine musculature that contracts the size of the uterus and pushes the fetus toward the birth canal

{n: uterus, womb} a hollow muscular organ in the pelvic cavity of females; contains the developing fetus

{n: vagina} the lower part of the female reproductive tract; a moist canal in female mammals extending from the labia minora to the uterus
"the vagina receives the penis during coitus"
"the vagina is elastic enough to allow the passage of a fetus"

{n: version} manual turning of a fetus in the uterus (usually to aid delivery)

{n: zona pellucida} thick membrane around the mammalian ovum; can be penetrated by one sperm in the fertilization process; usually remains around the fertilized egg until it is implanted in the wall of the uterus

{v: implant} become attached to and embedded in the uterus
"The egg fertilized in vitro implanted in the uterus of the birth mother with no further complications"

{v: suction} empty or clean (a body cavity) by the force of suction
"suction the uterus in an abortion"

{v: superfetate} conceive when a fetus is already present in the uterus


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