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valence

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{adj: bivalent, divalent} having a valence of two or having two valences

{adj: ceric} of or relating to or containing cerium especially with valence 4

{adj: cerous} of or relating to or containing cerium with valence 3

{adj: monovalent, univalent} having a valence of 1
<-> polyvalent

{adj: pentavalent} having a valence of five

{adj: polyvalent, multivalent} having more than one valence, or having a valence of 3 or higher
<-> monovalent

{adj: saturated} used especially of organic compounds; having all available valence bonds filled
"saturated fats"
<-> unsaturated

{adj: shared} have in common; held or experienced in common
"two shared valence electrons forming a bond between adjacent nuclei"
"a shared interest in philately"
<-> unshared

{adj: tetravalent} haveing a valence of four

{adj: trivalent} having a valence of three

{adj: unsaturated} used of a compound (especially of carbon) containing atoms sharing more than one valence bond
"unsaturated fats"
<-> saturated

{adj: valent} (chemistry) having valence; usually used in combination

{n: covalence, covalency} valence characterized by the sharing of electrons in a chemical compound; the number of pairs of electrons an atom can share

{n: monad} (chemistry) an atom having a valence of one

{n: monounsaturated fatty acid} an unsaturated fatty acid whose carbon chain has one double or triple valence bond per molecule; found chiefly in olive oil and chicken and almonds

{n: omega-3 fatty acid, omega-3} a polyunsaturated fatty acid whose carbon chain has its first double valence bond three carbons from the beginning

{n: omega-6 fatty acid, omega-6} a polyunsaturated fatty acid whose carbon chain has its first double valence bond six carbons from the beginning

{n: polyunsaturated fatty acid} an unsaturated fatty acid whose carbon chain has more than one double or triple valence bond per molecule; found chiefly in fish and corn and soybean oil and safflower oil

{n: polyvalence, polyvalency, multivalence, multivalency} (chemistry) the state of having a valence greater than two

{n: valence electron} an electron in the outer shell of an atom which can combine with other atoms to form molecules

{n: valence, valency} (biology) a relative capacity to unite or react or interact as with antigens or a biological substrate

{n: valence, valency} (chemistry) a property of atoms or radicals; their combining power given in terms of the number of hydrogen atoms (or the equivalent)

{v: oxygenize, oxygenise} change (a compound) by increasing the proportion of the electronegative part ; or change (an element or ion) from a lower to a higher positive valence: remove one or more electrons from (an atom, ion, or molecule)


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